10 years ago today - 2010 July 15

Mormon.org is revamped to showcase profiles of LDS members, which are then highlighted in the new I'm a Mormon media campaign.

[Wikipedia, 21st Century (Mormonism), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/21st_century_(Mormonism)]

45 years ago today - Jul 15, 1975-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Floyd O'Neill and [Greg] Thompson from the University of Utah Western Study Center came in my office this morning to bring copies of Utah: A Hispanic History. I presented to Floyd the matter of Brigham Young's letters to Indian chiefs and asked his advice on publishing them. He counseled me not to publish them. He said it would only bring trouble to the Church. The militant Indians would flay it as condescending and cultural imperialism. It could not do any good, he thought.

He said he was not familiar with Larry Coates or his work. He said he would also counsel me against publishing minutes and records of meetings between Brigham Young and Indian chiefs except that where there is no surface condescension. [H]e thought it might be desirable for us to publish some of these in professional historical journals but not submit it to Indian History, which is controlled by the militants../ He said the word Indian is a good one to use as a collective term. Native American people is also acceptable. The term Lamanite is objected to severely by the militant LDS and others[,] mildly disapproved by a large proportion even of LDS members. He said that LDS members will not complain about the term to Church officials, but they do privately to him-they do not see its appropriateness in this day and age. It is an ancient term pertaining to an ancient people. ...

He said the state of Indian-White relations today is such that "you're damned if you do and damned if you don't" and to get involved you have to have a pretty thick skin. He said his own skin was thick, but he attempted to use wisdom in all that he did.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

60 years ago today - Jul 15, 1960

[J. Reuben Clark]
During evening (7:00) Mr. and Mrs. Reed Benson and Mr. Mark Benson called at President Clark's home and saw his library. Reed ... wanted to ask question; one of the questions was whether or not his father should make a statement in favor of Rockefellor for President; Pres. Clark said he would have to take that up with President McKay, the President of the Church.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

105 years ago today - Jul 15, 1915; Thursday

[James E. Talmage]
Attended Council meeting of the First Presidency and Twelve. Today I learned that during my absence I have been appointed by the First Presidency and Twelve to represent the Church in an address in San Francisco on July 29th in connection with the World's Congress of Religious Philosophies. At the time of the Columbian Exposition in 1893 the World's Congress of Religions was held, Elder Brigham H. Roberts presented himself as a representative of our Church and was promptly refused recognition. Though Brahminism, Confucianism, Shintoism and other oriental religions, as well as the so-called Christian sects, each and all could have a hearing the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was refused recognition. It is interesting now to note that the World's Congress of Religious Philosophies extends a very cordial invitation to the Church to be represented on their program.

[James E. Talmage, Diary]

125 years ago today - Jul 15, 1895

THE RETURN, an RLDS publication, publishes a letter by Emma [Smith] Bidamon, Joseph Smith's widow: "I always feel a peculiar satisfaction in giving all the information on that subject that I can. Now the first that my husband translated, [the book] was translated by the use of the Urim, and Thummim, and that was the part that Martin Harris lost, after that he used a small stone, not exactly, black, but was rather a dark color, . . . ."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

130 years ago today - Jul 15, 1890

[Heber J. Grant]
I think more of the confidence of my friends than I do of all the other successes that have attended my labors

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Jul 15, 1890

Anti-Mormon party wins SLC school election

In another devastating blow to Mormon independence, on July 15, the anti-Mormon party wins the Salt Lake City school elections. This was part of a string of disasters. On July 1, the US Senate introduced a bill to ban Mormons from homesteading in Wyoming. On July 29, the Utah Supreme Court ruled that polygamous children could not inherit their fathers estates, and on August 5, the anti-Mormon party won almost every county office in Salt Lake and Weber Counties.

[Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

155 years ago today - Jul 15, 1865

[Wilford Woodruff]
[Manti] A Company of 50 men went out to try to overtake & punish the Indians who were killing the people. Col Warren L Snow had Charge of the Command.

Our Meeting opened by prayer by W. Woodruff. John Taylor Spoke 28 minutes. (While speaking it was found that many had loaded guns in the Congregation. All that were loaded was taken out & stashed outside & a guard put over them.)

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Jul 15, 1860

[Brigham Young] The Lord would open the Earth & swallow up such Cities as New York, Boston, Philadelphia, & other great Cities of the Nations and the sea would heave itself beyound its bounds and famines would spread not ownly over this Continent but it will spread & be felt in States, Nations, & Continents and the Saints will Close there Eyes upon the scene and their hearts will be filled with paine.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jul 15, 1855

... At the close of the meeting President Snow nominated his two Councellors. Diminicus Carter was first Councellor. The people did not all vote. Two voted against him.

Their is a strange spirit in provo. Many do not pray & have not the spirit of God. In the Commencemet of the meeting it was very hard work to preach. The people seemed Cold & indifferent ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jul 15, 1855

[Brigham Young]
The Lord in his wisdom has appointed our location in the midst of Israel [Indians], which is a astounding miracle. How many times have you heard it spoken in tongues and prophesied of in days past and said that you should yet go and teach the Lamanites. If the Latter-day Saints are faithful in these things of teaching that people, all will be well with us ... I want to know if you feel to realize the promises in the Book of Mormon. Will you turn them [Indians] away empty? Instead of their being our inferiors, they are our superiors in many things, as they are the lawful heirs and we have sprung from the Gentiles

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jul 15, 1850

[Wilford Woodruff]
During the Evening we were visited with A terrible Thunder storm. The lightning struck all around us & while the teams were crossing A slew the lightning burst into their midst & shocked many persons & beast & it killed 3 oxen & one man dead. It was Brother Ridge from Lane End Staffordshire England that was killed & his team. He was buried in the evening. He belonged to Elder Whipples fifty.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jul 15, 1840

WESTERN WORLD, published in Warsaw Illinois reports that some residents of Hancock had begun to complain of "petty depredations... such as the loss of various small instruments of agriculture." Particularly aggrieved are some residents of Tully, Missouri, who complained of the loss of a variety of items. A depot of stolen goods identified as the Tully items are found on a farm not far from Warsaw. Tully residents stake out the depot, and take four Mormons prisoner who are found in the vicinity of the stolen items. They kidnap the four, take them across the river into Missouri, and extract confessions from three of them by tying them to trees and beating them.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

25 years ago today - Jul 14, 1995

USA TODAY reports: "A Bountiful, Utah man discovered that his wife of 3 1/2 years is a man who is now jailed on charges he ran up $40,000 in phony credit card charges. Bruce Jensen, 39, says he feels 'pretty stupid' that he didn't know Felix Urioste, 34 was a man." Jensen and Urioste (using the name Leasa) were married in Lyman, Wyoming in Dec of 1991 and later were sealed for time and eternity in the Salt Lake Temple.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

125 years ago today - Jul 14, 1895

[Francis M. Lyman]
[Oak Creek] I spoke much of Statehood and equal suffrage also of the improvements that should be made to emphasize the town. After [the] meeting I learned that my brother Jos[eph] A. and his wide did not like my talk on the suffrage ...

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Jul 14, 1890 (Monday)

The election of a board of school trustees for Salt Lake City, under the new law, resulted in the election of eight "Liberals" and four People's party men [Mormons]; but the latter were kept out of their offices for some time, while the court tried the case.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

130 years ago today - Jul 14, 1890 (Monday)

Frank H. Dyer resigned his office as Receiver of the confiscated Church property.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - Jul 14, 1880

[Joseph F. Smith]
President [John] Taylor presented his views in writing on the subject of the priesthood which were read to the council. Some enquiries and explanations were made, and some doubts expressed by Bro[ther]s. O[rson]. Pratt and Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon. Ithink the President's views are verycorrect and I can most freely endorse them.

[Joseph F. Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

160 years ago today - Jul 14, 1860

[Brigham Young]
President Joseph Young called in and enquired of the President if it was necessary to cut presidents of Quorums [off] from the church for drunkenness. '"Should not presidents and bishops be cut off also for the same vice?'" -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jul 14, 1855

[Brigham Young]
I have a few words to say concerning one item of doctrine, that I seldom think of mentioning before a public congregation; I refer to the doctrine pertaining to raising up a royal Priesthood to the name of Israel's God, for which purpose the revelation was given to Joseph, concerning the right of faithful Elders, in taking to themselves more than one wife. I frequently hear from others that this doctrine is laughed at and ridiculed; I heard yesterday of its being laughed out of doors, even jeered and sneered out of a Bishop's house. I am not personally cognizant of any one jeering at and deriding this doctrine; still, I hear that there are some few who are opposed to it. Once in a while sentiments reach my ears which sound very curious and strange, and when I hear them, I do really wish that some were possessed of better sense; I will, therefore, tell you a few things that you should know. God never introduced the Patriarchal order of marriage with a view to please man in his carnal desires, nor to punish females for anything which they had done; but He introduced it for the express purpose of raising up to His name a royal Priesthood, a peculiar people. Do we not see the benefit of it? Yes, we have lived long enough to realize its advantages. Suppose that I had had the privilege of having only one wife, I should have had only three sons, for those are all that my first wife bore, whereas, I now have buried five sons, and have thirteen living. It is obvious that I could not have been blessed with such a family, if I had been restricted to one wife, but, by the introduction of this law, I can be the instrument in preparing tabernacles for those spirits which have to come in this dispensation. Under this law, I and my brethren are preparing tabernacles for those spirits which have been preserved to enter into bodies of honor, and be taught the pure principles of life and salvation, and those tabernacles will grow up and become mighty in the kingdom of our God. ... This law was never given of the Lord for any but his faithful children; it is not for the ungodly at all; no man has a right to a wife, or wives, unless he honors his Priesthood and magnifies his calling before God. I foresaw, when Joseph first made known this doctrine, that it would be a trial, and a source of great care and anxiety to the brethren, and what of that? We are to gird up our loins and fulfil this, just as we would any other duty. (High wind and clouds of dust prevented speaking for several seconds.) It has been strenuously urged by many, that this doctrine was introduced through lust, but that is a gross misrepresentation. (A thick cloud of dust prevented speaking for about two minutes.) This revelation, which God gave to Joseph, was for the express purpose of providing a channel for the organization of tabernacles... I know quite a number of men in this Church who will not take any more women, because they do not wish to take care of them; a contracted spirit causes that feeling. I have also known some in my past life, who have said, that they did not desire to have their wives bear any children, and some even take measures to prevent it; there are a few such persons in this Church. When I see a man in this Church with those feelings, and hear him say '"I do not wish to enlarge my family, because it will bring care upon me,'" I conclude that he has more or less of the old sectarian leaven about him, and that he does not understand the glory of the celestial kingdom. ... It is not through lust that men and women are to practise this doctrine, but it is to be observed upon righteous principles; and, if men and women would pay attention to those instructions, I would promise, in the name of the Lord, that you would never find them lustful in their dispositions, and you might watch them as closely as you pleased. Plurality of wives is not designed to afflict you nor me, but is purposed for our exaltation in the kingdoms of God. If any man had asked me what was my choice when Joseph revealed that doctrine, provided that it would not diminish my glory, I would have said, '"Let me have but one wife;'" not because it is not a great comfort to me to have children, but if I have not children I know them not. Some of these my brethren know what my feelings were at the time Joseph revealed the doctrine; I was not desirous of shrinking from any duty, nor of failing in the least to do as I was commanded, but it was the first time in my life that I had desired the grave, and I could hardly get over it for a long time. And when I saw a funeral, I felt to envy the corpse its situation, and to regret that I was not in the coffin, knowing the toil and labor that my body would have to undergo; and I have had to examine myself, from that day to this, and watch my faith, and carefully meditate, lest I should be found desiring the grave more than I ought to do. You will probably wonder at this, and that such should have been my feelings upon this point, but they were even so. Now if any of you will deny the plurality of wives, and continue to do so, I promise that you will be damned; ...

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 3:264-268, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jul 14, 1850 (Morning)

[Brigham Young]
I am a phrenologist and can tell a man by looking at him - and it is the big soul a little soul ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jul 14, 1850 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]
When Brother Snow sat down I felt like getting up to shout hallelujah ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jul 14, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Richard Simcock given by William Smith on ... thou shalt live to a good old age to see the glory of God and the final exaltation of the Saints, and in peace shalt thou walk the streets of Zion, and triumph over all thine enemies, and all they of thy household shall be in subjection to thy law and great shall be their reward, for thou shalt preside over them, and ovover many in the kingdom of immortal glory, none of this blessing shall fail, but shall all be fulfilled for I seal it upon thy head with all the blessings of the spiritual kingdom, powers an[d] privileges of the holy Priesthood, by the authority of the office of Patriarch and in the name of Jesus christ Even so Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 14, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of African American Joseph T. Ball given by William Smith] ... when thy name is enrolled with the house of Israel upon sacred Records deposited in the archives of the temple, as a memorial and a testimony of thy faithfulness and good works the names of thine enemies shall be forgotten forever, & their moral worth shall not be counted... the powers and blessings of the holy Priesthood are upon thine head after the order of Melchisedec even ordained a High Priest by the Spirit of Revelation from under my hands which is again confirmed by the same authority and sealed on earth & Ratified in heaven, and no power under the heaven shall take it from thee, for upon thine head has been ordained this authority & power from before the foundation of the world, and the purposes of God shall never fail, for unto Joseph[']s remnants in this last dispensation has the blessing of the Holy Priesthood been handed down and thou art of that Royal Stock, to whom the blessings and promises were made ... high and lifted up shall be thy throne, beautiful and exalted shall be thy mansion of glory, and into it shall be gathered all nations, who are of the labors of thy ministry, & of the fruits of thine own loins, and as a king and a mighty prince shalt thou reign and rule over many even ten kingdoms ... thou shalt be called to a mighty Prophet a minister of peace & righteousness, for by Revelation shalt thou speak and by the power of the Holy Ghost thou shalt make known the great mysteries of the kingdom, and the Salvation of Israel[']s God to a dying world & many shall be gathered and saved in the kingdom by thy labors with thee for I seal all this blessing upon thy head with all the blessings of the Spiritual kingdom and a Salvation that is after the power of an endless life in the name of Jesus Christ Amen

[Patriarchal Blessings]

185 years ago today - about Jul 14, 1835

Kirtland, Ohio. Joseph Smith was continually engaged in translating the book of Abraham and arranging a grammar of the Egyptian language as practiced by the ancients.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

185 years ago today - Jul 14, 1835

Edmund Bosley is excommunicated for failing to raise $2,000 as promised.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

125 years ago today - Jul 13, 1895

At Utah Democratic convention, "women are delegates in about equal number with men."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

140 years ago today - Jul 13, 1880

[Wilford Woodruff]
I spent 4 hours at the Council House with Presidt Taylor J. F. Smith & A Carrington in hearing a Case of seduction & Adultery. A man Committed Adultery with two married women And the Husband of one of the women shot him dead and was tryed by a jury and Cleared And a Brother of the two Husbands of the two women also Committed Adultery with the two women and both of the men who were innocent got a Bill of Divorce from their wives. It was a vary grieveious Affair. They all Confessed their Sins and forgave Each other and were to be Baptized for the remission of their sins.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jul 13, 1865

[Brigham Young]
[W]hen this world was first made it was in a close proximity to God. When man sinned it was hurled millions of miles away from its first position and that was why it was called the Fall.

[Diary of Charles Lowell Walker. Andrew Karl Larson, ed. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1980. 233-34, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jul 13, 1855

Apostle Ezra T. Benson preaches in Provo: "I have a little Indian boy and girl, and certainly it is repugnant to my feelings to have to put up with their dirty practices, but I have passed a great many of these things by; and this I have done because I knew what our duties were. In a short season we shall be rewarded for all that we do to civilize this lost and fallen race. The little boy will soon be quite bright, his mind is becoming clear and perceptive, and if he sees a horse, a man, or any other object, he will always remember them. True, he yet has some of his Indian traits, and I presume it will be some time before they are all, erased from his memory."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

60 years ago today - Jul 12, 1960

LDS poet Carol Lynn Pearson writes in her journal: "I've read every scripture regarding woman that is mentioned in the standard works. Each one only upsets me more; I don't mean casually bothers me, I mean upsets the very core of my nature."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Jul 12, 1935

[David O. McKay]
... Brother 'J' is right in classifying adultery as a heinous sin, but he is wrong in saying that 'a person can never repent of this, and that he or she cannot undo this sin.' See Doctrine and Covenants, section 42.

The sister to whom you refer should not worry. If she has truly repented she will not be separated from her children and husband. Brother 'J' is probably guided in his assumption by an alleged remark printed in the Compendium, page 280, but this alleged saying of the Prophet must not be construed to contradict the revelations of the Lord.

[David O. McKay, Letter to Mrs. Henry Price, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 12, 1900

[Rudger Clawson]
... A letter from Elder David H. Cannon, pres. [of the] St. George Temple, was read by the clerk. In speaking of ordinance work, said they were in bad condition, as most of their workers were aged men. He wanted some advice in regard to the matter. It was moved and carried that the president of the St. George Temple be authorized to call upon the stakes in that temple district to furnish young, able-bodied, competent men as missionaries to work in the temple from one to two years.

A tabulated report showing the number of elders in the field and the number of conversions made by them was submitted by Pres. Cannon. The deduction to be drawn from the report was that in view of the large numbers of the elders out, the conversions were few, and it seemed to be the mind of the brethren that a retrenchment was needful in the matter of missionary calls.

...The tables were then spread with bread and wine and the sacrament was administered. Pres. J. F. Smith was mouth in blessing the bread and wine. At the conclusion Apostle F. M. Lyman offered the benediction.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jul 12, 1900; Thursday

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Pres[iden]ts [George Q.] Cannon & [Joseph F.] Smith came in at 11 a.m. Business was transacted. Document of succession to presidency was read by Bro[ther] [George F.] Gibbs the question between Bro[ther]. Jos[eph] F. [Smith] & I was decided that no man could date his position in Quorum from ordination but from the time that he was received in to the quorum. This puts Jos[eph]. F. Smith ahead of me in the quorum. I am thankful this question is settled. I tried to get Father to settle it but he said when I broached the subject "It is just right the way it is, and you let it alone." I never dared to bring it up again, tho[ugh]' Bro[ther]. [Orson] Pratt & others made me feel bad at times because of their remarks.

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary]

125 years ago today - Jul 12, 1895

[Franklin D. Richards]
Br[other] Ben Lloyd informs me that John H. Smith has been sowing the seeds of discontent with Sisters ZD Young & Bathsheba W. Smith while away with the old folks party yesterday.

[Diary Excerpts of Franklin D. Richards, 1887-1897, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Jul 12, 1875

In England missionary and future apostle John Henry Smith dreams "that Prest. J[oseph] F. Smith and I and some others took tea with the Prince of Wales and wife in one of the Palaces in London."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Jul 11, 1900

At meeting of First Presidency and Twelve, "Apostle M. W. Merrill related a dream or vision given to Brother [Samuel] Roskelly in the Logan Temple during the "raid" when the enemy threatened to search our temples. A personage, who in appearance was seven or eight feet tall, appeared to him and said that he was once a Nephite warrior and that he had come to defend the temple. He assured Brother Roskelly that the enemy would not be permitted to enter the house of the Lord. Apostle Merrill said that later on a bitter anti-Mormon by the name of [Charles C.] Goodwin and several others organized a "raid" on the temple, but through fear abandoned their project."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Jul 11, 1900

It was moved and carried that Pres. Snow be asked to provide a suitable receptacle for church relics and that the same as fast as gathered be deposited in the temple. Benediction by Apostle M. F. Cowley.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jul 11, 1900; Wednesday

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Excellent meetings and I am sure that the Quorum is thoroughly united. It seems a little difficult for the brethren to define just how much they shall recognise me as president of the Twelve not all of them pray for "President [Brigham] Young [Jr.]" but lump me with the quorum after pleading earnestly for the first Presidency. I am not worthy of the honor I already have from the Lord. I consider that Bro[ther]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith is a far better man that I have ever been. I have done many foolish nearly wicked things--acts, that I am sorry for and have repented of. God has not thrown me away--borne with all patience my sins of omission & commission for he does manifest by His spirit His will unto me frequently, hence I know that my prayers are heard, and I weep with joy to know that He has not forsake me. How Gracious how kind to me a sinner. I could never have kept my covenants but He came to my rescue and I was saved from plunging into a fathomless depths; all praise & thanksgiving to the majesty on high who has redeemed my soul form despair. Help

me Lord to show my gratitude every hour of my life—existence.

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary]

160 years ago today - Jul 11, 1860

DESERET NEWS favorably reports lynching of horse-thief A.B. Baker by possee deputized to arrest him. He is "buried by those who thus meted out to him summary justice not exactly according to law, but upon a more speedy, economical and salutary principle. . ." In territorial Utah, there are eleven judicial executions, and same number of lynchings by mobs (primarily Mormons).

170 years ago today - Jul 11, 1850

[Wilford Woodruff]
11th Elder L. Hardy was sick. I laid Hands upon him & He was Healed. I had two Teamsters whose names was Graham. Their conduct was disgraceful in evry sense of the word. They would steal, lie, sware, & do almost evry evil thing in their power And we came to the conclusion to Cast the Family out of Camp, for their wickedness.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

70 years ago today - Jul 10, 1950

[David O. McKay]
President Smith, in conversation regarding the B.Y.U. Presidency, expressed himself as looking with disfavor upon the appointment of Ernest Wilkinson as President of the Brigham Young University if Wilkinson's suit with the government is not yet consummated.

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Jul 10, 1910

[George Albert Smith]
"I have prayed to the Lord for deliverance from my affliction..."

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

120 years ago today - Tuesday, Jul 10, 1900

Apostle Brigham Young read from a report furnished by Elder Geo. Reynolds, as follows: the number of converts (adult) made by the 1900 elders in the field in 1899 was 4100, or a fraction over 2 converts to an elder. The cost of keeping the elders in the field—including transportation, cost of living, and value of time, amounted to $950,000 per annum, or in other words, the cost of making each convert was $250.

This idea was brought out in the discussion that followed, namely, that while the expense of converting the people of the world was great, it should be remembered that much good comes to our young men who take missions, for in this way many of them obtain a testimony of the truth of the gospel. Notwithstanding this and other considerations, it was thought by some of the brethren that the missionary work was being overdone.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

145 years ago today - 1875. July 10

(Martin Harris) : Died at the age of ninety-two in Clarkston, Utah. Buried in the Clarkston Cemetery with a Book of Mormon in his right hand and a Doctrine and Covenants in his left.

[Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Jul 10, 1870

[Brigham Young]
I defy all the spiritualists in the world to make a table move or get a Communication from Hell or the spirit world while I am present. I lay hands upon the sick. I expet them to be healed & virtue goes out of me & it did out of Jesus Christ when the woman touched him. All may not be healed that I lay hands upon, but many are healed.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

70 years ago today - Jul 9, 1950

[Spencer W. Kimball]
[Regarding his tour of the Intermountain Indian School in Brigham City, Utah:] It is an extravagant plant. It makes my heart heavy to see so much money spent so lavishly upon so few when there are so many Indian children who need training. It is my conviction that the millions could be distributed so much more equitably and spread farther through a program of Government subsidy to the State Schools who would educate all the Indian children in public schools.

[Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

90 years ago today - Jul 9, 1930

[Heber J. Grant]
Today, after coming from the temple meeting, I met George H. Norman, who told me that Brother Henry Moray was trying to persuade one of his daughters to enter into so-called plural marriage with him. I explained to him and his daughter the attitude of the Church in regard to such things.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Jul 9, 1895

[Brigham Young Jr.]
When at the Z[ion's]. S[avings]. Bank Sister Wells approached me, she being one of the very active ladies among the womens rights & democrats, and quietly whispered in my ear, we are talking of putting you in nomination for Governor of the new state. It is the second time this has been said to me the first were Repub[lican]. I know not what my brethren think but my mind is clear, I would not submit my name to either party to be made President of the United States. So much good & so much bad figure together in politics now a days that the dose seems too drastic for an honest man to swallow unbiased by the prevailing spirit in politics. Good honest men shout themselves hoarse with urging party cries but it is not the calm sober spirit of God that makes howling maniacs of High Priests, Seventies, elders and teachers of the pure religion of the Meek and lowly Jesus. In the name of God what spirit has take[n] possession of your house, that your howling rends the air and makes night hideous in Zion. Hasten Father in heaven to develop[e] in the minds of thy people the pure politics of the Kingdom of God that we go no more whoring after the digenerate spirit of the heathen, who call themselves christians.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Jul 9, 1845

[Heber C. Kimball]
W. Richards sent fore me to Lay hands on his wife. She appeared as though she was diing. At about 10 in the Morning I went thare again to clothe and pray for hur again. Present G. A. Smith, Levi Richards, John Smith, J. Tailor. We praied after the Holy Order and annointed her. She died in about half an hour after, this was in the fore part of the day.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - Jul 9, 1845

Brigham Young and the rest of the Twelve give a banquet for William Smith, his daughters and new bride, and every other living member and spouse of the extended Smith family. William gives this after-dinner toast: "In the name and in behalf of all my relatives here assembled, the whole Smith family, I present my thanks to the President [Brigham Young] and Bishops for the kind manifestation of their good feelings toward the remnants of that family." The church's New York Messenger prints a full description of this dinner as a refutation that there is "a division of the House of the Lord," referring to stories in New York newspapers about the disaffection of Emma Smith and William. William is dropped from the Quorum of Apostles and excommunicated three months later.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - Jul 9, 1840

Wilford Woodruff writes from England of his dealings with a sect called The United Brethren: "I also baptized about forty preachers of the same order, and several others belonging unto other churches, and about one hundred and twenty members of the United Brethren, which opened about forty doors or preaching places, where the fullness of the Gospel would meet a welcome reception, and all this during the term of one month and five days."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

160 years ago today - Jul 8, 1860

Brigham Young preaches, "Children are now born who will live until every son of Adam will have the privledge of receiving the principles of eternal life." He also preaches, "The birth of our Saviour was as natural as are the births of our children; it was the result of natural action." Traditional Christians are infuriated by this rejection (dating to Jul 24, 1858) of the Virgin Birth and Young's assertion that God has body capable of sexual intercourse. Repeated publications of such assaults on Christian orthodoxy leads to near hysteria in Protestant rhetoric against Mormons.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Jul 8, 1855

[Minutes of the Apostles]
B Y[:] I would turn out half a dozen boys with lariats & they wo[ul]d. have used up [killed] all the Soldiers. I have told them once [and] for all. Every L D S [is] not to admit any Officer or Soldier into his house' ... We have got to restore the purity of the body in order to receive the Priesthood in its fullness. In Baltimore they kill their children & are mad at us for raising the children. [W]e are at war with the whole of them. [T]hey have done every thing they could to kill us. [T]hey have got to let us alone or they will get into Trouble. ... -I told him [Judge Kinny] death would be the result if he did not let my concerns alone. ...

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

165 years ago today - Jul 8, 1855

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... If you and I could live in the flesh until that Kingdom is fully established, and actually spread abroad to rule in a temporal point of view, we should find that it will sustain and uphold every individual in what they deem their individual rights, so far as they do not infringe upon the rights of their fellow creatures. For instance, if the Kingdom of God was now established upon the continent of North and South America, and actually held rule and dominion over what we call the United States, the Methodist would be protected just as much as the Latter-day Saints; the Friend Quakers, the Shaking Quakers, and the members of every religious denomination would be sustained in what they considered to be their rights, so far as their notions were not incompatible with the laws of the Kingdom. ... It was asked this morning how we could obtain redress for our wrongs; I will tell you how it could be done, we could take the same law they have taken, viz., mobocracy, and if any miserable scoundrels come here, cut their throats. (All the people said, Amen.) ...

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 2:309-317, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jul 8, 1855

[Brigham Young]
In the afternoon President Young Addressed the people upon the subject of the Gentiles Coming to Zion and interfering with our institutions polluting our females & committing abominations in Israel. He declared they should be put to death if they followed it any more. -- SLC Tabernacle

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal. 9 Vols. Scott G. Kenney, ed. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1983-85. 4:331, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jul 8, 1855

I am the Governor still, and who can help it. It was stenotyped and sent forth to the world that Sebastpol is still in possession of the Russians, and Brigham Young is Gov. of Utah. I have said this mildly and calmly, and if Bro. Kinney is here to hear it I am glad and he not try to deny what I have said. ... I say again so help me God we will cut their throats if they do here again as they did last winter; we will waste them away, and kill them in the streets at noonday, in the morning, and at night. I am Gov. here, and I want Bro. Kinney or any other man to write that and send it to the editors of papers in the United States if they think proper. If persons come here and behave like gentlemen they shall enjoy their rights, and we will enjoy ours or fight to the death... I have nothing to say against the most of the soldiers particularly, but against a good many of the officers, those poor miserable curses that were here last winter. We ought to have hung up their bodies as a public example and as a warning to others, or to have cast them over the city walls to the wolves, as I have felt sorry every since they went away that this was not done. I did not feel so keenly about it then as I have since they went away and the longer I live and the more I think about it I feel the more apprehension that I have not done right. But I will not let such another scene pass over, I think, unvisited by a just retribution. -- SLC Tabernacle

[Brigham Young Collection, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jul 8, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Alpheus L. Dillan given by William Smith on July 8, 1845 ... thou shalt be numbered with the house of Israel, and with the one hundred and forty four thousand, on Mount Zion, and of the promised seed shall thy name be reckoned, and thousands shall call thee blessed, thy days are not a few ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 8, 1845. Tuesday.

...President Young and Elder Richards came to the office and brought a bag containing $2599.75 in Gold. Joseph Toronto, an Italian, came to President Young and said he wanted to give himself and all he had to President Young. He had this gold which was carefully wrapped up in old rags, tin Books &c which he freely and voluntarily gave up saying he should henceforth look to President Young for protection and council.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

10 years ago today - 7/7/2010

Carlos Aguero, LDS public-affairs director for Argentina and a former Area Authority Seventy, attends meeting with leaders from several conservative Christian churches and traditional family organizations, according to a Buenos Aires newspaper. The meeting was apparently to plan opposition to a proposed bill which would allow Same-Sex Marriages in Argentina. "The [LDS] Church has made its support of traditional marriage clear but it does not involve itself institutionally in every same-sex election contest," Trotter said. "The church took no official position on the marriage legislation in Argentina and did not organize its members to participate in opposing the legislation."

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

130 years ago today - Mon. July 7th, 1890

At SS Union Board. Mtg. "The question was asked if partaking of the Sacrament would cause a forgiveness of sins. A question card used in Sunday Schools said it would. Father (Geo. Q. Cannon) said that partaking worthily of the Sacrament would gain for the Saint a forgiveness of sins, as well as a repentant spirit and humble prayer would bring the same blessing, yet this is not the ordinance instituted for the forgiveness of sins, and any question or answer which conveyed such an idea is incorrect."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

160 years ago today - Jul 7, 1860

Brigham Young's office journal records: "Bro. Greenwood called in and reported Bp. L. E. Harrington was very sick and had sent him up for counsel about Bro. Gordons first wife, and bro Smith as it was supposed there had been an improper intimacy. The Ward had cut them off. The President said her husband should divorce her, and Smith & her should be baptised and then they should marry."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Jul 7, 1855

Brigham Young attends a meeting, in Salt Lake City, of the Universal Scientific Society and hears an address "by Dr. Richardson, upon the Subject of Concubinage as related to the Patriarchs of old etc." Young afterward expresses "his approbation and the joy and pleasure he felt at what he witnessed."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jul 7, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of James Richardson given by William Smith]
... I seal thee up to eternal life against all sins and blasphemies except the sin against the the Holy Ghost which is the shed[d]ing of innocent blood which sin I do not say shall be forgiven in this world or in the world to come yet God knows the appointed time of redemption for all mankind and it is not revealed for man to know ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 7, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of Elisha Wilcox given by William Smith]
... thou shalt not suffer the pains of sin or the pains of death but inherit forever peace and rest ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 7, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Thomas Crompton given by William Smith .... and thy voice shall be as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of distant thunder[s] shall the great men of the earth hear it, fear and tremble and to them it shall prove a savior of life unto life, or of death unto death, for the [illegible] time has come ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 7, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Sarah Mackley given by William Smith .... in this blessing is thy lineage made known, thy fathers were of the Royal stock, they were those that had the Priesthood, and administered before the alter [altar], they offer[e]d sacrifices and made atonements for sins, the power of this Priesthood having been lost from thy progenitors, for many of them were holy and righteous men and begat to them a great name in their day, has been restored again and will be p[l]aced upon the head of thy posterity, and in this the seed of the house of Israel shall be made known, from among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the nations, no blessing or promise that was made to Abraham to be ansuered [answered] upon the heads of his daughters shall fail, of being fulfilled upon thee, ... and from bondage shalt thou be set free, for a friend shall be given thee who is mighty, and none shall surpass his glory in the Priesthood, his name shall be counted great and in thy lifetime shalt thou consider it and this blessing shall be fulfilled upon thine head. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 7, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Samuel Bell given by William Smith ... thou art a legal heir in the kingdom of God and to the holy Priesthood, thy fathers were of a mighty nation and administered before the alter [altar], and through faith were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, put to flight the armies of the aliens and escaped the edge of the sword, they were men of unyielding Spirits, and who in eternity Volunte[e]red to take upon them tabernacles to fight the battles of the Lord, and be his ministers. it is for this cause thou hast been spared to live to behold this day and the glory of Zion ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Jul 7, 1845

Patriarchal Blessing of Martha Tate given by William Smith .... thy name shall be written upon a Record this shall be done in the temple of the Lord then shall be revealed unto thee the destiny of thy forefathers they who were ordained unto the holy Priesthood and bore the ark of the covenant ... thy blood relatives shall be brought to inherit the celestial kingdom ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

180 years ago today - Jul 7, 1840

[Wilford Woodruff]
July 7th I met with the Twelve & many officers in council at the Star Office whare much important business was transacted & council given. ... we walk to a paper storehouse whare Elders Young & Pratt had made a Contract for Paper sufficent to Print 5,000 copies of the Book of Mormon. After seeing the Paper weighed & Paid for which amounted to £107 .

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jul 7, 1840 (Tuesday)

James Allred, Noah Rogers, Alanson Brown and Benjamin Boyce were kidnapped from Hancock County, Ill., by Missourians, and taken to Tully, Lewis Co., Mo., where they were imprisoned, whipped and ill-treated until nearly dead. Brown and Allred escaped a few days afterwards.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jul 7, 1830

The Palmyra Reflector continues with Chapter 2 of its satirical "Book of Pukei". The account describes the angel Moroni as "a little old man...clad, as I supposed, in Egyptian raiment, except his Indian blanket, and moccasins-his beard of silver white, hung far below his knees. On his head was an old fashioned military half cocked hat, such as was worn in the days of the patriarch Moses-his speech was sweeter than molasses, and his words were the reformed Egyptian."

[Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

80 years ago today - Jul 6, 1940

[J. Reuben Clark]
Sylvester Q. Cannon'Said Jos. E. Robinson former President of the California Mission was writing some lurid articles for newspapers. I suggested he get all the facts he could and then report.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

135 years ago today - Jul 6, 1885

[Wilford Woodruff]
I Blessed Mother Barry 82 years old. She had 3 sons & 1 daughter Martered 2 sons & 1 Daughter by Indian and 1 Son in Tennessee martered By Christians for preaching the gospel.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Jul 6, 1880

Deseret News reports on "the first non-Mormon Fourth of July celebration ever attempted in Utah." Its editorial the next day comments: "The 'Mormons' of Salt Lake City have not celebrated Independence Day in this fashion for several years... When we can celebrate the day as freemen, as other citizens of our common country celebrate," Salt Lake City "will again come to the front with her popular displays of patriotism."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Sunday, July 6th, 1845

[John Taylor]
... It has been remarked frequently that we are in eternity and that we have now begun to live for ever, A great many are at a loss to understand, how it is that we have begun to live for ever, and how we are counted with eternity. ...

[Sermon of John Taylor, recorded in 'The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]

180 years ago today - 1840: 6 July

[Patriarchal blessing of Arnold Stephens, given by Joseph Smith, Sen.]
... if faithful thou shalt see the sons of God come from the North Country, & thou shalt be crowned with them, and shall meet them in their armies as the Lord leads them by his Prophet, and when the highway is cast up thou shalt rejoice in the glory of God. ... his glory shall rest upon thee & thy face shall shine as the face of Mosses, & many will behold and tremble, & many cannot look upon thee for brightness. ... Thou art called to preach the Gospel and thou hast a great work to do thy mission is beyond the mighty waters thy call is in the East--West North & South even in South America and thou shalt not have passed over half the cities, till the son of man comes in the clouds of heaven, Angels shall minister to thee, the Nephites shall visit thee even the ancient fathers that tarried on the Earth--Thou shalt see the Revelator John, and shall stand upon the earth when he shall lead in his armies from the North ... thy privilege is to stand when the Savior comes and then be crowned in the blessing of Joseph and stand with the 144,000 upon Mount Zion-... I now seal thee up to eternal life and seal thee against the destroyer and the Devil and all abominations and confirm thee in the name of Christ and by the authority of my office--Even so--Amen."

[Typescript; William Smith Patriarchal Blessing Book, pp. 196-198, RLDS Archives, Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jul 6, 1835

Michael H. Chandler gives Joseph Smith the following certificate: "KIRTLAND, Jul 6, 1835. This is to make known to all who may be desirous, concerning the knowledge of Mr. Joseph Smith, Jun., in deciphering the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic characters in my possession, which I have, in many eminent cities, showed to the most learned; and, from the information that I could ever learn, or meet with, I find that of Mr. Joseph Smith, Jun., to correspond in the most minute matters. MICHAEL H. CHANDLER, Traveling with, and proprietor of, Egyptian mummies.'

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Jul 6, 1830

Priesthood restoration by Peter, James, and John occurs shortly after dawn near Harmony, Pennsylvania, as Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery are fleeing a mob at Colesville, New York.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

125 years ago today - Jul 5, 1895

[President Wilford Woodruff]
5th We received letters and telegram. Families all well at home. The sisters had a sewing bee in our rooms, making garments. I spent the time reading.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Jul 5, 1885

Plural wife of Miles P. Romney (great-grandfather of Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney), Annie, writes to her sister: "I would find it very lonesome here if I had any spare time, but I have too much to do to think about it very often. I generally feel worst when I try to write, for a long time I always had to have a good cry, but I am getting hardened now so that I don't mind it so much. . . ."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Sun., July 5th, 1885, 1885

[Abraham H. Cannon]
Bro. Jos. McMurrin was shot by a deputy marshal named Collins. It seems that there have long been ill feelings between the two because of the latter's sneaking around Agnes McMurrin's home to try and learn something about her actions, she being reported as a polygamist wife of Royal B. Young. These two met in the Social Hall lane first, when the deputy placed his pistol against Bro. M's abdomen and fired twice. Either one of the wounds would necessarily have been fatal. Bro. M. ran into the street before falling and was then conveyed to the City Hall where he was told he could not live more than 24 hours, and where he made his statement of the affair. Collins fled in the meantime to the U.S. Marshal who shielded and finally took him out to the "Pen," notwithstanding his solemn promise that he would bring the murderer to the City Hall and deliver him up to the proper officers. The deputy is to appear before Commissioner McKay on Monday. This sad event cast a gloom over all who heard it for the victim is a most estimable and brave young man.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

170 years ago today - Jul 5, 1850

[Wilford Woodruff]
5th Lucy Johnson Died this morning at 3 oclok & was buried before we left Camp. Susan Woodruff was taken sick suddenly with extreme pain in all her limbs & Could not move a hand or foot without her schreaming. We Administered to her & she was healed. Phebe was also taken sick. We Administered to her & she was healed.

Mrs Woodruff was also quite unwell. There is some sickness & death in all the Camps we have heard from.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 5, 1845. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
...At 4 P.M. met at Dr. Richards...We conversed till about 7 o clock and then clothed and offered up prayers for general subjects. It was decided that the Trustees give to President Young a deed for the S.W. 25 7 N. 8 W and S.W. fr 10 7 N. 8 W. free of charge.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Jul 5, 1845

[Anointed Quorum]
Prayer circle meeting at 4 p.m. at Willard Richards's office: "We conversed till about 7 oclock and then clothed and offered up prayers for general subjects" .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Jul 5, 1835

Joseph Smith writes: "Soon after this, some of the Saints at Kirtland purchased the mummies and papyrus, . . . I commenced the translation of some of the characters or hieroglyphics, and much to our joy found that one of the rolls contained the writings of Abraham, another the writings of Joseph of Egypt, etc., a more full account of which will appear in its place, as I proceed to examine or unfold them."

185 years ago today - Jul 5, 1835

[Brigham Young]
then then wee preached Simon Sniders house to an antentive congregation

except Daniel Perry made som destirbence and tride to brake up the meting but was e stoped by the oner of the house at intermison we cald upon the charity of the people to help ous on our Jurney old Mr Snider gave a york Shillen and a black man gave ten or eleven Cents, when I was apreachin the Sperit Came upon me to shake my garments in their presence and declare my self clar from their blood, we then left the nabor hood--

[Brigham Young Journal, 1832 Apr. 9-1836, Sept. 9, typescript]

35 years ago today - Jul 4, 1985

Six LDS chapels are bombed in Chile, apparently by the Frente Patriotico Manuel Rodriguez, Chile's most important armed opposition to the Pinochet dictatorship.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

45 years ago today - Jul 04, 1975

The Iran Tehran Mission is organized.

135 years ago today - Jul 4, 1885

[James E. Talmage]
Talmage arrives in Salt Lake City en route home after a trip to Idaho and discovers that a clash between the People's Party and the Liberal Party had occurred earlier in the day. In his journal Talmage writes the following:

We learned on inquiry that the United States' flag had been raised on several buildings at half mast [ordered by John Taylor], our people not feeling to rejoice on this the birthday of Independence, but rather to mourn for the death of Liberty in our midst. I feel sincerely to say "Amen" to the sentiment so expressed. We have true cause to regard Liberty as dead or dying in Utah; the oppressions and persecutions of late are exceedingly severe. The self-professed loyal citizens of the city chose to regard this act as an insult to the flag, and they tried with their usual feeling vindictiveness to incite a riot.

[MSS 229, Journal; Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

170 years ago today - Jul 4, 1850 (Thursday)

The general assembly of the State of Deseret held a joint session and passed an ordinance taxing the sale of liquor at the rate of 50 per cent. ad valorem.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Jul 4, 1850 (Thursday)

Parley's Canyon, Utah, was opened for travel under the name of the "Golden Pass"; Parley P. Pratt, proprietor. The toll was 75 cts. for each conveyance drawn by two animals, and 10 cents for each additional draught, pack or saddle animal, etc. The Newark Rangers, of Kendall County, Ill., was the first company to follow Apostle Pratt through the pass, which opened a new road through the mountains from the Weber river to G.S.L. Valley.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jul 04, 1845

Jennetta Richards, wife of Elder Willard Richards, passes away in Nauvoo and is buried the following day; she is apparently the first woman to be dressed in her temple clothing for burial.

175 years ago today - 1845 4 Jul.

A cannon explodes during an Independence Day celebration at LaHarpe, Illinois, maiming one man. Young's secretary confides that the cannon was sabotaged by a member of Council of Fifty.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jul 4, 1845

In Nauvoo the Nauvoo Legion marches in a parade along with the "Junior Legion" of some 250 boys who train every week during the summer of 1845; they march in white caps and pants trimmed in red.

180 years ago today - 1840: 4 July

[Patriarchal blessing of George Miller Given by Joseph Smith, Sen.]
... [thou] hast joined thyself to a harlot, but the Lord has now opened thy eyes. ... Thou shall see the Nephites, that remain in the flesh. The heavens shall be opened and thou shalt behold great things and the veil shall be rent, and thou shalt be permitted to look within the veil and behold that which thou wilt not be able to utter; thy life shall be long; thou mayst tarry until the winding up scene and then be numbered with the hundred-and-forty-and-four-thousand that stand upon Mount Zion; thou shalt have many blessings, that I cannot speak at this time; the lame shall leap as a hart, the blind shall see, the deaf hear, and the poor rejoice in the Holy One of Israel through thy instrumentality; thou shalt be useful, and shalt bring in thy thousands, through thy ministry, ... thou art a pure Ephraimite, and thou shalt have power over sickness, and death,

[From H. W. Mills: Mormon Bishop and His Son: "De Tal Palo Tal Astilla", Los Angeles, Historical Society of Southern California, 1917, pp. 91-92, quoted in Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - 1830 July [4-31]

John Whitmer assists Joseph arrange and copy what becomes Book of Commandments 2-27.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

190 years ago today - Jul 4, 1830

County of Chenango

To Ebenezer Hatch To Serving warrant on Joseph Smith & keeping him twenty four hours

$2.00 3 meals Victuel & 1 Lodging

.50 Suppoenying 5 witness

.62½

__------

$3.13½

75

______------

$2.37½ Dated at South Bainbridge July 4th 1830

{Editorial Note: Ebenezer Hatch was the constable for Chenango County. He arrested Joseph Smith on 30 June 1830, held him over night, and brought him before Justice Joseph P. Chamberlin on a charge of being a "disorderly person".

[Ebenezer Hatch, Bill of Costs, 1830, Chenango County Historical Society, Norwich, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Ebenezer Hatch Bill Of Costs]

190 years ago today - 1830 July [4-31]

D&C 25 (Harmony) Emma "an elect lady," not to murmur because of things she has not seen; comfort Joseph; be a substitute scribe while Oliver is gone; be ordained to expound the scriptures and exhort the church; compile a book of hymns.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

190 years ago today - July 4-31, 1830

Doctrine and Covenants 26. Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, and John Whitmer are to study the scriptures, preach, confirm members at Colesville, and farm as needed until the next conference. Church to be managed by common consent, prayer, and faith.

[Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

190 years ago today - July 4-31, 1830

Doctrine and Covenants 24. Joseph to write [begins compiling revelations this day]. Delivered from Satan [two arrests in the past week]. Stop sinning. Lord will curse those who don't accept Joseph. Full-time church service. No physical labors. Oliver to continue preaching , promised unprecedented strength. Don't require miracles except as commanded (casting out devils, healing the sick, power over serpents). Curse enemies, dust feet against them. Legal opponents to be cursed. Church to support financially.

[Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

135 years ago today - Jul 3, 1885

Apostle Heber J. Grant records that First Presidency authorizes half-masting of American flags on Salt Lake city hall, court house, and at church-owned ZCMI on Jul 4. This causes near-riot by non-Mormons.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

140 years ago today - Jul 3, 1880

Apostle Wilford Woodruff preaches: "When we came here thirty-three years ago we found this place a barren desert. There was no mark of the white man here- It was a desert indeed, hardly a green thing to meet the eye." However his diary entry for Jul 24, 1847 describes the Salt Lake Valley: "We gazed with wonder and admiration upon the vast rich fertile valley which lay for about 25 miles in length & 16 miles in width Clothed with the Heaviest garb of green vegetation . . . [a] glorious valley abounding with the best fresh water springs rivlets creeks & Brooks & Rivers of various sizes all of which gave animation to the sporting trout & other fish while the waters were wending there way into the great Salt lake." Woodruff continues his sermon: "Joseph and Hyrum, it is true, were called to lay down their lives. Why? I believe myself it was necessary to seal a dispensation of this almighty magnitude with the blood of the testator for one thing, and for another thing the people were worthy that put, him to death, and will have the bill to pay as the Jews had to pay for the blood of the Messiah."

150 years ago today - Jul 3, 1870

At 5 o'clock p.m. the First Presidency and Twelve met in the President's Bee Hive Mansion where Albert Carrington was ordained a member of the Twelve Apostles under the hands of Brigham Young, Geo. A. Smith, Daniel H. Wells, Orson Pratt, John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, Geo. Q. Cannon and Jos. F. Smith, Pres. Brigham Young being mouth. After this the brethren clothed and offered prayer in the usual order. [Carrington is the first general authority with B.A degree (Dartmouth College, 1834, Phi Beta Kappa). He is also first general authority who attended Ivy League school.]

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Jul 3, 1845. Thursday.

At 4 met [with the apostles]. We offered up our prayers for variety of subjects. ... It was decided to employ Brother [Isaac] Morley to make 100 barrels of wine for sacrament.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

180 years ago today - Jul 3, 1840

Joseph records that the Lord has begun to send plagues upon the nation because they are "guilty of murder, robbery and plunder, as a nation, because they have refused to protect their citizens, and execute justice according to their own Constitution." He goes on to list several hailstorms and other acts of God that are afflicting the nation at the present time.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology, History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 4:145.]

185 years ago today - (Fri) Jul 3, 1835

Michael H. Chandler arrived in Kirtland and began exhibition of his four Egyptian mummies. Joseph Smith reportedly deciphered the Egyptian "hieroglyphic characters" found on scrolls acompanying the mummies, and on July 6th Chandler provided Smith with a signed statement verifying the proper translation. [He sells the mummies and papyrus scrolls to Joseph Smith for $2400 who begins to translate them using his white seer stone. His translation is later published as the Book of Abraham.]

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

35 years ago today - Jul 2, 1985

Second counselor Gordon B. Hinckley dedicated temple near Stockholm, Sweden. On this date Swedish government issues postage stamp commemorating temple's dedication, and later this year Brazil's government issues stamp commemorating fifty years of Mormon proselytizing among Brazilians.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

55 years ago today - Jul 2, 1965

The NAACP in July 1965 passed a unanimous resolution asking all Third World nations "to refuse to grant visa to missionaries and representatives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints . . . until such time as the doctrine of non-white inferiority is changed and rescinded by that church and a positive policy of support for civil rights is taken."

["Critical of Church: NAACP Studies Action," "Benson Ties Rights Issue to Reds in Mormon Rift," Washington Post, 13 Apr. 1965, A-5; Seattle Times, 5 May 1965,13; "NAACP Asks Foreign Bar of Missionaries," Daily Utah Chronicle, 6 May 1965, 1, 3, 4; Journal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 6 May 1965, 6, Microforms, Marriott Library. Quinn could not find any reference to this in Deseret News or Salt Lake Tribune for May; The Salt Lake City chapter of the NAACP had called for the national resolution in apparent response to Apostle Benson's statement a month earlier that the civil rights movement was Communist and revolutionary. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

75 years ago today - Jul 2, 1945

Seventy-five-year-old Herbert S. Salisbury, grandson of Joseph Smith's sister Catherine Smith Salisbury, states: "Catherine Smith Salisbury, told me she was present at home when her brother, Joseph Smith, came in nearly exhausted, carrying the package of gold plates from which the Book of Mormon was translated. He was carrying the package clasped to his side with his left hand and arm, and his right hand was badly bruised from knocking down at least three men who had leaped at him from behind bushes or fences as he ran until out of breath. She said he entered the house running and threw himself on a couch panting from his extraordinary exertion. She told me Joseph allowed her to "heft" the package but not to see the gold plates, as the angel had forbidden him to show them at that period. She said they were very heavy."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Jul 2, 1935

Under separate cover we are sending you two pamphlets entitled 'Origin of the Reorganized Church' and 'Blood Atonement and the Origin of Plural Marriage,' from which I feel sure you will gain much information in anser to your inquiries in regard to some things that have been troubling you of late. Both of these pamphlets were given the endorsement of the First Presidency of the Church at the time of their publication.

[David O. McKay, Letter to W. I. Ghormley, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

85 years ago today - Jul 2, 1935

[David O. McKay letter]
Under separate cover we are sending you two pamphlets entitled 'Origin of the Reorganized Church' and 'Blood Atonement and the Origin of Plural Marriage,' from which I feel sure you will gain much information in anser to your inquiries in regard to some things that have been troubling you of late. Both of these pamphlets were given the endorsement of the First Presidency of the Church at the time of their publication.

[David O. McKay, Letter to W. I. Ghormley, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Jul 2, 1900; Monday

An order of $2,000. was also issued in favor of Heber J. Grant. Just before the late financial crisis in 1893, Brother Grant donated this amount in addition to some $5,000. or more, in favor of the Temple. Brother Grant gave his I.O.U. for this amount to Bishop [William B.] Preston and was credited on temple donation account. He became virtually bankrupt in consequence of the panic, on his representing to President Snow his inability to lift this obligation, and in view of the fact that he had already donated so liberally, President Snow forgave or cancelled the obligation; but as Bishop Preston had given Brother Grant credit for this amount this order is issued in favor of the Bishop's office to square his books.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Jul 2, 1885

[Wilford Woodruff]
I had 11 Dead persons Adopted to me. Betsey Cosset Dead was sealed to me to day.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Jul 2, 1860

The President [Brigham Young] made some remarks about the character of Senator Steven A. Douglass. The Pres[ident] observed Joseph Smith told him if he ever lifted his heel against the latter day saints he would never have the Presidential chair. At this time if you saw Douglass, along his musings would be, Joseph told me if I lifted my heel against the Latter Day Saints I should never prosper; but I will prosper and I will get to be President of the United States yet. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Jul 2, 1840

[Vision of Ann Booth]
I was informed of a remarkable vision of Sister Ann Booth which I have written on the following page. ...

A Remarkable Vision

I Ann Booth wife of Robert Booth of the Town of Manchester England had the following vision on the 12th Day of March in the year of our Lord 1840.

Being Carried away in a vision to the place of departed souls I saw {12} prision one above another vary large & builded of Soiled Stone. On ariving at the door of the uppermost prision, I beheld one of the 12 Apostles of the Lamb who had been martered in America Standing at the door of the prision holding a key with which he unlocked the door & went in & I followed him.

He appeared to be of a large size thick set, Dark hair Dark eyes & eyebrows of a smileing Countenance, & on his head was a Crown of Gold or sumthing brighter. He was Dressed in a long white robe with the sleeves plaited from the Sholder to the hand. Upon his breast were four stars + * * * apparrently like gold and a golden gridle about his loins. His feet were bear from above the ancles downwards, and his hands were also bear. As he entered the prision he seemed to stand about 3 feet from the floor (which was of Marble) as if the place was not worthy for him to stand upon. A vary brilient and glorious light Serrounded him while the rest of the Prision was dark. But his light was peculiar to himself & did not reflect upon others who were in the Prison who were surrounded with a gloom of darkness.

On the right hand near the door stood John Westley who on seeing the glorious Personage raised both hands & shouted Glory, honor, Praise, & Power be asscribed unto God & the Lamb forever & forever. Deliverance has Come. The Apostle then Commenced to Preach the Baptism of repentance for remission of Sins and the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, when the hunderds of Prisoners gave a shout with a loud voice Saying Glory be to God forever & ever.

The marble floor was then removed & a river of water Clear as Cristle seemed to flow in its place. The Apostle then Called to John Westley by name who came forward quickley and both went down into the water & he Baptized him & coming up out of the water he laid hands on him for the gift of the Holy Ghost at the same time ordaining him to the Priesthood of Aaron.

The Apostle then retired to the place whare he stood at first and John Westley then proceded to Baptize A man by the name of Killham the leader of the New Connection of Methodist and next John Madison & then Scott, & John Tongue. The three latter were Methodist Preachers with whom I had formerly been acquainted. The next he Baptized was my Grandfather (Edmund Whitehead) & the next was my uncle (John Whitehead) & the next was my sister (Elizabeth Oiland) & next Joseph Lancashire & next Samuel Robinson & then next was my own Mother. All these had lived & died Methodist & I had been personally acquainted with them all. And after this he Baptized all the prisoners amounting to many hundreds.

After they were all Baptized the Apostle laid his hands on them & Confirmed them evry one. Then instantly the darkness dispersed & they were all Surrounded & envelloped in A Brilient light such as surrounded the Apostle at the first & they all lifted their voices with one accord giving glory to God for deliverance.

My Grandfather then Came to me & blessed me saying the Lord bless the forever & ever. Art thou come to see us deliverd? My mother then came to me & clasped me in her arms & kissed me three times & said the Lord Allmighty bless thee forever & ever.

I then awoke out of the Vision & felt so happy & overjoyed that I knew not how to remain in bed. But waking my husband we arose & taking the Bible I opened Providentially to the text Isaiah 24th they shall be gathered together &c. More & more astonished, I again opened the Bible to the 1st of St John The light shineth in darkness &c. And again the third time I opened it & immediately cast my eyes upon the 3d chapter of Peter 18, 19, 20 speaking of the spirits in Prison. Being before ignorant of these texts & opening upon each Providentially I was asstonished beyound measure.

I would further state that at the time I had this vision I had never herd of the Death of David W. Patten whom I have since learned was one of the Twelve Apostles of the Latter Day Saints in America & was slain in the late persecution in the fall of 1838. But in the Vision I knew it was an Apostle who had been slain in America.

Perhaps many will think lightly of this vision But I hereby Sollemnly testify that I actaully Saw & herd in a vision what I have here related & I give my name & set my seal in witness to the Same well knowing that I must stand before the Judgment Seat of Christ & answer for this Testimony.

SIGNS IN THE LAST DAYS

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - 2/Jul 3, 1830

Joseph Smith appears before Justice Joel K. Noble in Colesville (NY) and is again defended by Davidson and Reed. Trial lasts 23 hours and involves 43 witnesses . Newel Knight is examined concerning Smith's exorcism. Josiah Stowell and Oliver Cowdery testify.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

40 years ago today - Jul 1, 1980

Organization of Africa West Mission, first full-time mission directed specifically to black Africans, especially Nigerians.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

110 years ago today - Jul 1, 1910

... a similar recommendation [to merge the Church's various magazines] was considered by the First Presidency and the Twelve during the lifetime of President [George Q.] Cannon, upon which occasion this question was thoroughly considered. And without any reference whatever to the conclusions of a former council, the same decision was reached by ourselves yesterday, which was in effect against attempting to merge the publications mentioned into one magazine, and among other reasons adduced why this should not be done was this, that for us to surrender the fields already occupied by these publications would be tantamount to an invitation on our part for others to step in and start rival publications, a thing without doubt would be done.

[First Presidency, Letter to Oleen N. Stohl and Counselors, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

40 years ago today - Jul 1, 1980.

It is announced that the History Division, renamed the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Church History, will move to Brigham Young University. By February 1981 a sixteen-volume history of the church is canceled and the authors are paid for the proportion of work they have done.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

80 years ago today - Jul 1, 1940

[J. Reuben Clark]
Donoher-Mr. (Dr?) Came in pursuant to telephone from Orval Adams. Came to tell me he had received word from very secret source that FBI people knew some of our German members were Hitlerites'Hitler spies. I explained our situation: the sympathy of our members; spoke of the foreign language meetings; the idle reports that were around about arrests e.g. Bp. Fetzer; read him from my conference talk in October lat (Germans vs Britons): our effort to keep our people (Germans) in line. etc. (I do not know why Donoher came to see me.).

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

130 years ago today - Jul 1, 1890

U.S. Senate bill to deny all Mormons any right to homestead public lands.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

140 years ago today - Jul 01, 1880

Martha Hughes Cannon receives a medical degree from Michigan Medical School. In August 1878, she had been set apart by President John Taylor to obtain this training.

175 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of George W. Coray given by William Smith]
... thy forefathers were those that held the Priesthood and administered before the altar, they built temples and Sanctuary's, they offered Sacrifices upon the altar, many of whom were descendants of Abraham but in the early times of prophets departed from the faith, even leaving the tribe and seed of Joseph; and mingling among the nations of the earth until thy lineage is counted of the tribe of Judah but in thy veins there is a sufficiency of the blood of Joseph to number the[e] with the covenant seed of promise ...

[Patriarchal Blessing of George W. Coray given by William Smith]

175 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

[Hosea Stout]
This day there was a grand concert for the Police at the Masonic Hallit commenced at ten oclock myself & wife & L. Fisher went we had also the 12 and other authorities with us, and was also provided with as much beer, wine, cakes &c as we could eat and drink. We had a very entertaining time all was peace, good feelings, and brotherly love no discord or contention among us. It lasted untill about 6 oclock P. M. when we dismissed I came home.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

Apostle Parley P. Pratt, who had four wives at the time, writes to the MILLENIAL STAR warning English Mormons to "beware of seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils, as first introduced by John C. Bennett, under the name of 'spiritual wife' doctrine; and still agitated by the Pittsburg Seer, [Sidney Rigdon] and his followers under the same title." This is part of a pattern of false accusations against Sidney Rigdon who challenged the Apostles for leadership of the Church after Joseph's death. Rigdon had never advocated nor accepted polygamy.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

Apparently some Saints were questioning the right of the Twelve to replace the wooden font which had been built under Joseph Smith's directions. In the Times and Seasons Brigham Young explained the reason for erecting the stone font and he wrote that the Saints should not wonder at the decision. Just because Joseph Smith had built, a wooden font did not mean that it should be permanent. He stated that he wanted a font that would not "stink" and take so much time in keeping it clean.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

180 years ago today - 1840: 1 July

[Patriarchal Blessing of Harriet Knowlton Given by Isaac Morley]
... thy descent is from Jacob (notwithstanding thou hast much of the gentile blood running in thy veins). ...

[Typescript, William L. Knecht Family Records, Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jul 1, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Amos F. Herrick given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... you shall stand upon the earth and behold the winding up scene of this generation. And though you shall be old yet you shall retain your full strength, and your vigor of mind shall not be abated; yea, you shall stand, having been faithful, and shall receive an inheritance, even the blessing of eternal life in the presence of God. These blessings are sealed upon you and upon your posterity to the latest generation; even so. Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:20, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

190 years ago today - 1830 Jul 1

Mob gathers at courthouse. Davidson reads the room and suggests Knight hire John Reed as well. Smith arraigned before Justice Joseph Chamberlin at 10am:

---------------------------------------------------------------

CHAMBERLIN V JOSEPH SMITH JR, A DISORDERLY PERSON - CHENANGO COUNTY

- Witness: Oliver Cowdery - BoM translated by spectacles in silver bow; he-s legit

- Witness: Josiah Stowell - Joseph is legit a prophet; I saw a corner of the plates, they ¿resembled a stone of greenish caste¿

- Witness: Addison Austin - Joe is a fraud, and he told me so

- Witness: Jonathan Thompson - Joseph Smith didn¿t take my oxen bcz of a revelation, he bought them

- Witnesses: Rhoda (25) & Miriam (23) Stowell - Joseph Smith is a perfect gentleman

- Witness: Newel Knight: Joseph cast a devil out of me!

- Verdict: Acquittal (statute of limitations?)

----------------------------------------------------------------

[https://docs.google.com/document/d/10ttN3vOzf2UcVhruCrvDf9pF27T0o0PP0Xj1X98tKBc/edit?fbclid=IwAR3HXLgL-X-M_c5LT2W-_F7AYqsqqaQ0yIhfNuyeFsX85irSPuEO6_Q993A]

190 years ago today - Jul 1, 1830

Joseph Smith arrived at Colesville, New York, about 25 June 1830 to baptize members of the Knight family and others on the following Sunday (27 June). However, baptisms were delayed a day when opponents destroyed the dam that had been constructed for this purpose. Moreover, Presbyterian minister John Sherer tried to prevent the baptism of one of his members, Emily Colburn. On 30 June, largely under the instigation of the Presbyterians, Smith was arrested by Constable Ebenezer Hatch for "disorderly conduct." On 1 July, Smith appeared before Justice Chamberlin for a pre-trial examination. Joseph Knight hired James Davidson and John Reed to defend Smith. While Smith claimed he was arrested "on a warrant, on charge of being a disorderly person; of setting the country in an uproar by preaching the Book of Mormon", more accurately, he was retried on the same charge he had narrowly escaped in March 1826. His preaching may have aroused his enemies, but it was not the legal basis for which he was arrested and examined. Joseph Knight remembered that he was arrested for "pertending to see under ground" and that his enemies had found "a little Clause ... in the [New] york Laws against such things." Reed added that his client had been arrested "for the crime of glass looking and juglin fortune telling and so on which the State of New York was against it and made it a crime and the crime was a fine and imprisonment". The warrant was initiated by Abram W. Benton, who wrote that during the 1830 trial "it was shown that the Book of Mormon was brought to light by the same magic power by which he [Smith] pretended to tell fortunes, discover hidden treasures, &c." According to Justice Noble, before whom Smith appeared the following day in Colesville, "Jo. plead in bar Statue of Limitations". Wesley P. Walters noted, "The law limited the time for prosecution of a misdemeanor to three years ..., while four had elapsed. The prosecution may have felt it still had a case since part of that time Joseph had been living in Harmony, Pa., and the law did not reckon the time spent outside the state as a part of the three year limitation". In other words, Benton and the others intended to finish the legal process begun in 1826 but not completed. Smith's defense proved successful. After the examination, which lasted an entire day, Smith was dismissed, then rearrested and taken to Colesville on the same charge. The trial was held on 2 July 1830 before Justice Noble, who also acquitted him. The following bill, submitted by Justice Chamberlin to the County Board of Supervisors for cases he examined or tried between 1 June and 20 October 1830, includes the first of Smith's two July 1830 court appearances.

[Joseph Chamberlin, Bill of Costs, 1830, Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, Chenango County Office Building, Norwich, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Chamberlin Bill Of Costs]

85 years ago today - Jun 30, 1935

The Oahu Stake, the first stake outside of North America and the first stake in Hawaii, is organized, with Ralph E. Wooley as president.

130 years ago today - Jun 30, 1890

[Franklin D. Richards]
The question of what course to take in relation to plural marriage came up for serious consideration this afternoon. President [Wilford] Woodruff has felt very clear that no plural marriages shall be solemnized in the Territory. He has not felt very favorable to marriages being solemnized at all, but has consented to some few being performed in Mexico. Soon after I returned from Washington [D.C.], Brother Joseph F. Smith informed me of the danger there was of something being learned concerning marriages of this character being performed at El Paso. He said that the last few who had gone down there to meet Brother Macdonald had attracted considerable attention, and some of those who were of the party thought it exceedingly dangerous and were afraid that the knowledge of these transactions would come to light. The question had also arisen whether there is not danger of international complications arising over it. All these matters were carefullyconsidered, and we concluded that, for the present, there should be no more marriages of this character solemnized, unless the women who enter into this relation remain in Mexico and take up their abode there.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - Tues., June 30th, 1885

[Abraham H. Cannon]
Attended court part of the day where Bro. F. A. Brown's case was called. The forenoon was occupied in getting a jury, and in the afternoon at his own request he was sworn as a witness. He was then permitted to read a paper in which he gave a short review of his past life, admitting his marriage with two women and saying that he would rather have his head severed from his body than to deny his religion and his God. After his testimony the case went to the Jury who brought in a verdict of guilty with a recommendation for mercy. . . . As I was returning home I went to the Co op store where a large crowd had gathered. By suggestion of some of our leaders the flags over which the "Mormons" had control were mostly placed at half mast in mourning for the sad persecution now going on in our midst. The flags at the city hall and court house had already been raised to the masthead at the command of a few anti Mormons, and now, at 5 p.m. they had assembled at ZCMI with threats of using force in hoisting the flag. The police were there in numbers, however, and no attempt at violence was made. Finally Wm. Jennings and Thos. G. Webber came and had the stars and stripes raised, to the utter disgust of the many staunch Saints. Threats were then made to raise the flags on the Gardo House, Presidents Office, Tithing and Es. News offices, the Temple and Tabernacle, but a number of friends assembled at my home and we had an exhibition of fireworks until quite a late hour. At the celebration in Ogden today Apostle Moses Thatcher threw a bombshell into the camp of the Liberals by reciting some of Utah's sufferings because of religious bigotry. His statements were too true to rest easy on the minds of the anti Mormons and he was reprimanded by Judge Powers, the orator of the day. Gentiles are really beginning to think that the Saints are in rebellion.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Jun 30, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of Mary Maxwell (deceased) given to Delilah Maxwell (proxy) by William Smith]
... Beloved Sister- In the name of Jesus Christ I lay my hands upon your head and bless you with Patriarchal blessing, that this blessing may afford thee some comfort for the one intended for whom thou art now acting as proxy. that as her Representative, the true character and state of her condition may now be represented by a blessing upon thine head, that she who is dead in the flesh and yet alive in the Spirit may have sealed upon her according to the authority of the Holy Priesthood that sealing blessing that may bind her Salvation in heaven ...

[Patriarchal Blessing for Mary Maxwell (deceased) given to Delilah Maxwell (proxy) by William Smith]

175 years ago today - Monday, June 30th, 1845

[John Taylor]
In the afternoon went to Mother Smith's with a number of the Twelve and the Bishops, according to previous appointment, at the request of Mother Smith to settle some misunderstanding and difficulty that existed in her mind in relation to a vision that she had. When we were there, i.e., Elders Young, Kimball, O. Pratt, John E. Page, Willard Richards, George A. Smith, and myself of the Twelve together with Bishops Whitney and Miller, and Elder Cahoon one of the Temple committee, and some of her own family were present. We conversed freely with her, she stated however that she thought that we had not a correct copy of her vision; however we know that it is; but supported that the old lady was feeble and excited, and perhaps might not fully recollect what she had said.

Elder Young told his find freely about William, and stated that he was aiming at power, and authority, and priesthood that did not belong to him.

That the statement that was published in the paper concerning Patriarchs was correct; that he would sustain William in his office and calling; but would not allow him to tread upon his neck or any other man's.... Mother Smith said he did not want it, she did not profess to be a revelator only for herself and family, that she wanted peace, union, and harmony. The twelve all exprssed the same feeling and manifested the greatest kindness to Mother Smith together with the Bishops. William did not meet with us; but we received from him the following letter: Nauvoo, June 30th, 1845.

Elder Young, It has been my purpose from the first to do all I could for peace. I said in a short note to you the other day, that I would stand by you till death; but it might be asked upon what principle? I will answer on the principle that I am dealt justly by in the Church....

I am sick and tired of such partiality ... I claim to be Patriarch over the whole Church, this gives me my place and proper standing and what I inherit ...

My proposition is my share of the kingdom, and if you will publish in the Neighbor and Times and Seasons the true state of the case in regard to my office as Patriarch over the whole Church ...



Which we answered as follows: Nauvoo, June 30th, 1845.

Dear Brother William ... As to your requests in your letter ... there are some ordinances in the Church that cannot be administered by any person out of this place at present, but must be done here. As to your having the right to administer all ordinances in the world and no one standing at your head, we could not sanction ... But as to your right to officiate in the office of Patriarch, we say you have the right to officiate in all the world wherever your lot may be cast, and no one to dictate or control you excepting the Twelve ... P.S. ... I am sorry the old lady should be troubled, she is aged woman and has past through much trouble for the cause of truth, and has the respect and confidence of the whole Church.

['The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]