25 years ago today - Jun 26, 1994

[Nauvoo Temple]
The sunstone, which had been on display in the Nauvoo State Park, was relocated to the Temple Block, amid impressive ceremonies, under the direction of President Howard W. Hunter. The stone was encased in a special glassed-in case to preserve it from further deterioration.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

120 years ago today - Jun 26, 1899; Monday

At 12:30 P.M. the following telegram, signed by President Cannon, and in answer to the one sent to him on Saturday, "Will answer your inquiry as to liability when we get Banigan's reply".

The following telegram was received from Elder Joseph S. Horne, of the Sevier [Utah] Stake Presidency: "William S. Riley was cut off several years ago; we don't know whether former blessings have been conferred. Is it right and proper to bury him in Endowment clothes?" The understanding had concerning this matter was that the deceased was in full fellowship when he died, but it was not known for sure that his former blessings, those given prior to his excommunication, had been reconferred upon him at the time of his return to the Church. The following answer was sent: "It would be proper to clothe body in Temple clothes (Signed) Lorenzo Snow".

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

170 years ago today - Jun 26, 1849

[Joseph Young to Brigham Young]
the shooting of two Indians in this Neighborhood which took place on Saturday Saturday Evening a Little Before sunset May (26, 1849) the circumstances Related By a Number of the Brethren (Being absent Myself) are as follows[:] Some two or three Indians and about as Many Squaws and About the same Number of children Making in all from Eight to ten Persons were in and About this Neighbourhood and had Been for some weeks and as far as I have Learned were Peaceable and harmless[.] they Represented themselves as Pawnee fugatives from the Late senes [sic] of Masacres [sic] of the siou[x]s on that Nation[.] I Believe they had no guns nor Bows with them and were Begging such things as the Brethren saw fit to give them[.] it is said that one of them was an Indian who had helped Brother Egan in get[t]ing his Waggons through some Difficult places on the west Bank of Mosouria River and as a Reward he had given him a writing with his Name at Bot[t]om wishing to Be Kind to him &c[.] how far this is correct I could not say[,] But one thing is certain[:] there had Been no complaints By the people in this Place of the Loss of Property in any<thing> whatever[.] the Indians were camped in a Small wigwam about ten yards from the creek and About 12 Rods from the old Schoolhouse About and about 90 Rods from My house, the Report had of these Indians had gone to Kanesville By some gold Diggers and Being Previously Exitid [excited] By the flying Stories of Indian Outrages they had greatly Exagerated the Number and the Probable intention of the Indians to the People of Kanesvill[e.] you can guess how it took with some[.] It is said that Brother Hyde was consulted on the Matter who told the person who asked his councill he thought it well Enough to Drive or frighten the Indians away[.] consequently Joseph Worthen[,] William Hickman[,] a son of Brother Lamb[,] and a son of Moses Daily[â€"]these four men and some others whose Names I have not Learned[â€"]started for Cartersville[.] Bror Joseph Kelly who lives in thisNeig place and who had Run up to the Ferry on his Return home Rode up just as the Possey (as they called themselves) was Leaving and Being informed of what was going on took the Exitement [sic] they immediately put spurs o their Nags and Rode at the top of there Speed untill they Arrived on the high Bluffs which overlook the Mosquito Bottoms awhere thus far on the Rout[e] Brother Kelly informs me after Look<ing> over the Farms and fields and seeing the Brethren at work on their Different Plantations turns to the company and says Boys it is a Hoax there <are> no Indians here[.] But they Still Proceeded when they got to the Creek near the Bridge they asked Tunis Rappley if there were any Indians in the place on Being told there were a few as I have informer you they went forthwith to the place. here the first one who Accepted them as Brother Kelly States was Joseph Worthen who said PocRochee[.] they [the Indians] Probably thought this was a joke and when this was Repeated several times and did not take the Desired Effect the same <man> commenced Whip[p]ing them & swearing &c when the Indians Perceived there was something serious on hand they Broke in Diferent Directions the greatest part crossed the creek to its north Bank and hid themselves in the tall grass and Willow By this time the Noise and tumult had become so great as to call the Boys & others to see what was going on the Ralying of so many persons had Drove the Indians from the Bushes and taking to their heels one in his flight was Pursued By William Hickman who after he had Run him about half a Mile and striking him with his hic[k]ory at Every Leap of his Horse Drove him into a Lane Run[n]ing through Tho[ma]s Butterfields Farm the Indian it seems in o[r]der to Elude the Pursuit jumped over the Fence and Ran immediately into a pond of Water and Hickman seeing his Victim in the <Prospect> of Escape Brought his Rifle to a Level & shot him Down[.] Brother James who stood & looked on says he thought the Indian was Playing the pos[s]um untill he got up with much Difficulty and hob[b]led off and went to trading Point where it is said he Died of his wounds[.] HickmanRetreated Back and selected another Victim and Run him into the Lane as he did the other But this Indian Did not turn to the Right or Left But Plunged into the mud and Water Direct in the Road When Hickman found the object of his Pursuit too far into the mud and mire to admit of a safe charge of his horse he Drew a Pistol and Discharged its contents into the Body of the Indian[.] this Effect was Mortal[.] Brother Jones who witnessed this shot also saw the Indian Fall and Rise and fall again after some few moment had Elapsed he went to the spot where the Indian was lying the Dim shades of the Evening Twilight had was Brooding over the horizon and the Mud and Water which almost covered his Body and Rendered his wounds invisible[.] Brother Jones spoke to him the indian turned his Eyes towards him and Responded a groan[.] Brother Jones went to his house and ate his supper which he thinks took fifteen Minutes and Returned to the spot to Learn the Fate of the Wounded Man. he had drawn himself into the corner of the Fence his head Relcining [sic] on the second or third Rail from the ground and was Dead[.] Brother Jones and Tho[ma]s Butterfield Buryed him[.] thus I have given you as Briefly as possible the History of this Bloody Fray[.] it Reminds me of the tragical scene at Hauns Mill not as Extensive, But Equally as great an outrage on the principles of Humanity according to its Magnitude <and Every person in this county felt the Blush, for Humanity sake>. . . . it appears that this outrage was unprovoked on the part of the Idians Indians and without councill or Pretext for such cruelty Williamâ€"Hickman is a cold Blooded Murderer and as such he stands Before Every tribunal of Justice in Heaven & on Earth and when the Judge of all the Earth Makes inquisition for Inocent Blood it will Be found Driping from the hands of William Hickman) (Joseph Young)

I concur in in [sic] the above statements James. C. Snow

[Joseph Young to Brigham Young, June 26, 1849, 1â€"3, imgs. 20â€"22, https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE3979926)]

170 years ago today - Jun 26, 1849

John Smith also gave Emily Partridge Smith Young, a plural wife to both Joseph and Brigham, the following Patriarchal Blessing : "Sister Emily, by virtue of the holy priesthood, I place my hands upon thy head in the name of Jesus of Nazareth, and seal upon thee a patriarchal or father's blessing, for thou art ... a lawful heir to the priesthood, which shall be conferred upon thee in fullness in due time ."

[Later Patriarchal Blessings, p. 46-47., as quoted at http://ordainwomen.org/quotes. See Quinn, "Mormon Political Conflicts" for full cite and context.]

175 years ago today - June 26 1844

Smith sends secret orders to Major General Jonathan Dunham to attack Carthage with militia to free him.

[Chronology of Mormon History (Mormon Stories), http://www.mormonstories.org/truth-claims/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

175 years ago today - Jun 26, 1844

Dan Jones to visit Wales - "Soon after Dr. Richards retired to the bed ... and when all were apparently fast asleep, Joseph whispered to Dan Jones, "are you afraid to die?" Dan said, "Has that time come, think you? Engaged in such a cause I do not think that death would have many terrors." Joseph replied, "You will yet see Wales, and fulfill the mission appointed you before you die" -- Jones did visit Wales.

[HC 6:601; Wikipedia, Prophesies of Joseph Smith, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prophecies_of_Joseph_Smith,_Jr.]

175 years ago today - Jun 26, 1844

Joseph Smith, in Carthage Jail, sends a note to Governor Thomas Ford. Ford comes to the jail to meet with Joseph. Joseph tells him "the origin of the difficulty, the facts relating to the Expositor press, the course pursued by the City Council; the legality, as they thought, of their legislation; the pledges that he had made by letter and sent by expresses to his Excellency, that he was willing to satisfy all legal claims in case it should be shown that the City Council had transcended their legal bounds, etc., and that the Legion had been called out for the protection of the city, while it was threatened with immediate hostilities by an infuriated mob, until his Excellency could afford relief, and not for the purpose of invasion." William Clayton writes to Joseph " to inform you that Mr. Marsh, who lives down the river, and of whom you have had corn, pork, etc., has sent word if you want any bail he is ready for one to any amount; . . ."

185 years ago today - Jun 26, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary - Zion's Camp aftermath]
"From that time the destroyer ceased, having afflicted us about four days; sixty-eight were attacked with the disease. Fourteen members of Zion's Camp died, eighteen died altogether; the remainder recovered, as we found out an effectual remedy for this disease, which was, by dipping the person afflicted into cold water, or pouring it on him. Some of the brethren, when they were seized, plunged themselves into the stream and obtained immediate relief.

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

190 years ago today - Jun 26, 1829

The Wayne Sentinel publishes the Book of Mormon title page and mentions that the book will be published as soon as it is finished.

["Just about in this particular region, for some time past, much speculation has existed, concerning a pretended discovery, through superhuman means, of an ancient record, of a religious and a divine nature and origin, written in ancient characters, impossible to be interpreted by any to whom the special gift has not been imparted by inspiration. It is generally known and spoken of as the "Golden Bible." Most people entertain an idea that the whole matter is the result of a gross imposition, and a grosser superstition."]

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

135 years ago today - Jun 25, 1884

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
25 I held a Council with Brother Richards in the forenoon. Attended Council in the Afternoon and went to the Theater in the Evening. <I saw> 24 <pair of legs of women.> [Note: text in angled brackets are coded in shorthand].

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jun 25, 1864 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... The first cotton we raised in the region we call our '"Dixie'" cost us about $3.65 a pound; we proved that cotton could be raised there. The next season it cost $1.84, and the next season about 70 cents, and that is the way we proved to the people that we could raise cotton. The experiment cost us thousands of dollars, but now we have cotton. They have shipped cotton to California. We sent some to the States to show that we could raise cotton here, and it sold for some 70 cents a pound, not so much as it would have brought if it had arrived a few days earlier. We now have some cotton factories in operation... I now have machinery sufficient to keep thirty-five power looms going, and I wish I had them; but this will not supply the Territory. ... If we go to work and manufacture for ourselves, we can stop the continual drain upon us through purchasing the articles of clothing which we require. It has been said '"Cotton is king.'"

[Journal of Discourses, Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:332-334; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jun 25, 1844

... 3:00 P.M. Joseph asks several military officers if they think he looks like a desperate character. They answer that they cannot see into his heart. He replies, "Very true, gentlemen, you cannot see what is in my heart, and you are therefore unable to judge me. . . . I can see what is in your hearts, and will tell you what I see. I can see that you thirst for blood, and nothing but my blood will satisfy you. It is not for crime of any description that I and my brethren are thus continually persecuted. . . . You and the people thirst for blood, I prophesy, in the name of the Lord, that you shall witness scenes of blood and sorrow to your entire satisfaction. Your souls shall be perfectly satiated with blood, and many of you who are now present shall have an opportunity to face the cannon's mouth from sources you think not of. . . . They shall seek for peace, and shall not be able to find it. Gentlemen, you will find what I have told you to be true."...

5:00 P.M. Bail is set at $500 each ($7,500 total). The Saints claim that the judge is trying to set bail at a higher amount than they can afford, but the amount is paid, and the defendants are freed.

8:00 P.M. Constable Bettisworth arrives with a mittimus, a warrant committing Joseph and Hyrum to jail on a charge of treason (a different charge from the one for which they had paid bail). Joseph's lawyers, Reid and Woods, argue that such an order without a preliminary investigation or a possibility of paying bail is illegal. Woods requests that he be given time to appeal the order to Gov. Ford. Bettisworth says he will wait five minutes.

9:00 P.M. Woods returns from Gov. Ford, saying that Ford has told him that an executive cannot interfere in a civil judicial process; therefore he will not intervene. Robert F. Smith, who issued the illegal mittimus, is also a captain of the Carthage Greys ... Captain Dunn and 20 men escort Joseph and Hyrum together with Willard Richards, John Taylor, John P. Greene, StephenMarkham, and four others to jail.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jun 25, 1844

The general of the Carthage militia signs a secret order for a military attack against Nauvoo, with the march of forces to begin at Golden's Point at 2 p.m., Jun 27, 1844. In Carthage, Joseph Smith is charged with "crime of treason against the government and people of the State of Illinois aforesaid."

180 years ago today - Jun 25, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
... Orson Hide was one of the number, & a more humble & penitant man I never saw, & well he might be for in the time of the persecution in Zion or far west, he deserted the Cause, denyed the faith & betrayed his brethren, & assisted Thomas B. Marsh (the president of the Twelve Apostles) in jeperdizing the lives of Joseph & his Council & the whole church in Zion & the blood of the whole of them would have been shed if they had not been spared by the immediate hand of God. Brother Hide for several months past has had a deep scense of his high handed wickedness & the horrors of hell has roll'd oer his soul even to the wasting of his flesh & he has now humbled himself in the dust desiring to return to the Church.

The manner that O. Hide & T. B Marsh Jepopardized the Church was by bearing fals testimony against the presidency & the Church before the authorities of the State of Missouri which was a leading Cause of the Governour's calling out thirty thousand of the Militia against the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jun 25, 1834

[Zion's Camp]
Camp splits into small groups and are taken in by brethren living in the area. Joseph writes Col. Thornton, and attorneys Doniphan and Atchison, "to quiet the prejudices and fears of some part of the citizens of this county, we have concluded that our company shall be immediately dispersed, and continue so. till every effort for an adjustment of differences between us and the people of Jackson has been made on our part, that would in any wise be required of us by disinterested men of republican principle."

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

175 years ago today - 175 years ago - Jun 24, 1844

[Joseph Fielding]
On Monday morning, Joseph, his brother Hyrum, Willard Richards, John Taylor, the only two of the Twelve at home, with several others, started for Carthage, of course with solemn feelings, and it appears that Joseph in particular anticipated the fatal result in part, but said he wished at any rate that Hyrum might be saved to stand in his place. He expressed himself to this effect, that he should die for this people, and if so, he should be murdered in cold blood. Sometime before they reached Carthage, they met a company of men with orders from the governor of the state to take our public arms, i.e., the arms belonging to the state. ...

I was down in the city when they came in, and was in Brother Hyrum's company. In his own house, he was in better spirits by far than when he left. He told me he thought that all things would go well, etc. and as soon as the arms could be collected, they again took their leave of their wives and families, alas for the last time, and came to Carthage (from henceforth of cursed memory).

The governor, it appears, treated them respectfully and took them to his own lodgings until as he said, for fear of the people he desisted and after having had a trial in part, they were unexpectedly and unlawfully thrust into the jail. They went to Carthage on Monday evening, the 24th of June, 1844. On Thursday, the governor left them and with a company of men, came to Nauvoo, having left a guard at the jail, but of the Carthage Greys who had just before been in a state of mutiny. Yet as all the troops had pledged themselves to the governor to abide by the laws, these were entrusted with the care of the prisoners.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

35 years ago today - Jun 24, 1984

Members of the First Quorum of the Seventy were appointed to serve as area presidencies in 13 major geographical areas of the Church — seven in the United States and Canada and six in other parts of the world.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnews.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

80 years ago today - 24-Jun 25, 1939

[Nauvoo Temple]
Over 700 Latter-day Saints gathered in a conference at Nauvoo, under the direction of Byrant S. Hinckley (Northern States Mission President), commemorating the centennial of the city's founding, as well as the death of Joseph Smith and Hyrum Smith. The activities sparked a mission to restore Nauvoo.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Jun 24, 1844

Sidney Rigdon, having prophesied that Joseph Smith would die and Nauvoo would fall, leaves for Pittsburgh with his family.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - Jun 24, 1844

[Emma Smith]
Emma and Joseph see each other for the last time. [Joseph goes to Carthage]

[Emma Smith, Woman of Faith, http://emmasmithmormon.com]