185 years ago today - Sep 23, 1832

"The Lord chided Church members for not valuing the Book of Mormon sufficiently." Statistics for Joseph Smith show "... in the 173 discourses given in Nauvoo, Illinois for which contemporary records exist, Smith himself paraphrased the Book of Mormon only twenty-three times but quoted or paraphrased the Bible more than six hundred times. ... Although he described the Book of Mormon as more correct than any other book and as 'the keystone of our religion,' there is little evidence that he ever took time to study its contents as he did the Bible's."

[Source: Rick Grunder, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source; Phillip Barlow, 'Mormons and the Bible,' citing D&C 84:54-57]

185 years ago today - Sep 23, 1832

Joseph Smith received ... scripture in poetic form called the new song of Zion.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

190 years ago today - After Sep 23, 1827

10-12 money-diggers are clubbed with Willard Chase (a Methodist Class leader) who send for their own conjuror (Samuel Lawrence) to determine where the plates are hidden. Joseph Smith, Sr. investigates and finds the group at Lawrence's house.

[Source: Mormon Chronology, N. R. Tidd, http://www.exmormon.org/mhistory.html]

190 years ago today - 23/Sep 30, 1827

Lorenzo Saunders and others go to the Manchester hill [Cumorah] in an attempt to locate the hole from which Smith might have taken the plates but cannot find one.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

50 years ago today - Sep 22, 1967

David O. McKay: after being asked by Benson for McKay's permission to address the subject of civil rights and communism, McKay recorded: "He briefly talked about the plight of the Negroes in this Civil Rights Issue, and how the Communists are using the Negroes to further their own schemes to foment trouble in the United States. He said that he would talk on this subject from the viewpoint of bringing peace in our country instead of uprisings of the Negroes in riots, etc. I told Brother Benson that under these circumstances, he may go ahead with his subject."

[Source: David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

70 years ago today - Sep 22, 1947

J. Reuben Clark: "I told him [George Albert Smith] that according to a report from Bro. Babbel, the Quakers had made perhaps 100 times more [relief] shipments to Europe than we had, with half the church membership; ...thought we might wish to be a bit careful about our statements as to the great work we were doing for the Saints in Europe."

[Source: Clark Diary, September 22, 1947 as cited in Gary James Bergera, "Ezra Taft Benson's 1946 Mission to Europe" Journal of Mormon History 34:2 (Spring 2008)]

95 years ago today - Sep 22, 1922

Apostle Melvin J. Ballard preaches in the Ogden Temple: "Now, my brothers and sisters, I would like you to understand that long before we were born into this earth we were tested and tried in our pre-existence and the fact that of the thousands of children born today, a certain proportion of them went to the Hottentots of the south seas, thousands went to the Chinese mothers, thousand to Negro mothers, thousands to beautiful white Latter-day Saint mothers. Why this difference? You cannot tell me that the entire group was just designated, marked, to go where they did. That they were men and women of equal worthiness. There are no infant spirits born. They had a being ages before they come into this life. They appear in infant bodies, but they were tested, proven souls. Therefore, I say to you that long before we came into this life all groups and races of men existed as they exist today. Like attracts to like. Why is it in this Church we do not grant the priesthood to the Negroes? It is alleged that the Prophet Joseph said-and I have no reason to dispute it-that it is because of some act committed by them before they came into this life. It is alleged that they were neutral, standing neither for Christ nor the devil. But, I am convinced it is because of some things they did before they came into this life that they have been denied the privilege. The races of today are very largely reaping the consequences of a previous life."...

"The nature of the offspring is determined by the nature of the substance that flows in the veins of the being. When blood flows in the veins of the being, the offspring will be what blood produces, which is tangible flesh and bone, but when that which flows in the veins is spirit matter, a substance which is more refined and pure and glorious than blood, the offspring of such beings will be spirit children. By that I mean they will be in the image of the parents. "

[Source: The Three Degrees of Glory; Melvin J. Ballard; (Deseret Book Co.: Salt Lake City, Utah); pp. 10-11; Discourse given in the Ogden Tabernacle; September 22, 1922 ]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Sep 22, 1897

[John Henry Smith]
Mrs. Merrit [?] was sealed to Joseph the Prophet, I representing the Prophet and Martha Sister Merrit.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

120 years ago today - Sep 22, 1897 (Wednesday)

Elder Janne M. Sjodahl had an audience with King Oscar of Sweden, at Stockholm; and his majesty was presented with a copy of the Book of Mormon in an onyx box, as a present from Scandinavians in Utah.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

135 years ago today - Sep 22, 1882 • Friday

[George Q. Cannon]
The first Presidency set apart Sister Zina D Young and Emeline B. Wells to go down to the Women's Convention at Omaha. Prest. Taylor was mouth in blessing Sister Young, and I was mouth in blessing Sister Wells. $200 was appropriated for their expenses.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

185 years ago today - September 22 and 23, 1832

Kirtland, Ohio. Doctrine and Covenants 84. Building Zion and its temple, lineage of the Holy Priesthood , priesthood of Aaron , greater priesthood and seeing God , lesser priesthood and John the Baptist , appendages (offices) to the priesthoods , sons of Moses and Aaron , linkage of Father, Son, priesthood, covenant , linkage of truth, light, and Spirit of Christ , linkage of apostles, high priests, friends , signs follow believers , non-believers damned , Saints must repent , Lord's friends travel without purse or scrip , cleanse feet against those who reject testimony , donations to missionaries and poor , lesser priesthood support missionary work , high priests, elders, priests, bishop travel , missionaries reprove world and Lord will shake heaven and earth.

[Source: Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

190 years ago today - Sep 22, 1827

Heber C. Kimball is awakened by a neighbor, John P. Greene, to see a manifestation in the sky: "It was one of the most beautiful starlight nights, so clear that we could see to pick up a pin. We looked to the eastern horizon, and beheld a white smoke arise toward the heavens; as it ascended it formed itself into a belt, and made a noise like the sound of a mighty wind, and continued southwest, forming a regular bow dipping in the western horizon. After the bow had formed, it began to widen out and grow clear and transparent, of a bluish cast; it grew wide enough to contain twelve men abreast. In this bow an army moved, commencing from the east and marching to the west; they continued marching until they reached the western horizon. They moved in platoons, and walked so close that the rear ranks trod in the steps of their file leaders, until the whole bow was literally crowded with soldiers. We could distinctly see the muskets, bayonets and knapsacks of the men, who wore caps and feathers like those used by the American soldiers in the last war with Britain; and also saw their officers with their swords and equipage, and the clashing and jingling of their implements of war, and could discover the forms and features of the men. The most profound order existed throughout the entire army; when the foremost man stepped, every man stepped at the same time; I could hear the steps. When the front rank reached the western horizon a battle ensued, as we could distinctly hear the report of arms and the rush. No man could judge of my feelings when I beheld that army of men, as plainly as ever I saw armies of men in the flesh; it seemed as though every hair of my head was alive. This scenery we gazed upon for hours, until it began to disappear."

190 years ago today - Sep 22, 1827

Very early in the morning just after midnight) Joseph and Emma take Knight's wagon and drive it toward the Hill Cumorah. Joseph Smith later tells Henry Harris that he used the seer stone upon instructions from an angel to find the plates. Joseph Smith says, while Emma prayed (staying with the wagon), he retrieved the gold plates. Joseph is given the plates, Urim and Thummim, and the breastplate. Meanwhile, Joseph Smith Sr. and Josiah Stowell were digging for money (per Martin Harris). Joseph hides the plates in a fallen hollow birch log and returns home in the morning.

After breakfast he tells visiting Joseph Knight "It is ten times Better then I expected. Then he went on to tell the length and width and thickness of the plates and, said he, they appear to be gold. But he seamed to think more of the glasses or the urim and thummim than he Did of the plates for says he, I can see anything. They are Marvelous."

Lucy sends Joseph Jr. to a cabinet maker, probably Willard Chase, to make a chest in which to put the plates. Chase says this occurred in the "fore part" of September ...

A few days later Joseph brings the plates home and devises several hiding places inside the house. When unfriendly visitors surround the house, the Smiths charge out of the house at night shouting military orders, as if the militia was present, to scare off the intruders.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; Palmyra Magic Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/palmyra-magic-timeline/; Mormon Chronology, N. R. Tidd, http://www.exmormon.org/mhistory.html; Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

40 years ago today - Sep 21, 1977

Joyce McKinney, 27, of Minneapolis, North Carolina, and Keith Joseph May, 25, of Los Angeles, California are formally charged in London, England, with "kidnapping, unlawful imprisonment, and possessing an imitation firearm with intent to commit an offense." They abducted LDS missionary Kirk Anderson, shackled him to a bed, and Miss McKinney, a former beauty pageant contestant, forced him to have sex with her.

125 years ago today - Sep 21, 1892 • Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
Sisters Zina D. Young, Isabella Horne, Bathsheba Smith, S. M. Kimball, Jane Richards and E. B. Wells called upon us, with Attorneys F. S. Richards and LeGrand Young. The latter had prepared articles of incorporation for the Relief Societies in such a manner that they could connect themselves with the National ladies society as a benevolent institution, and not have our relief societies appear as denominational. The question as to whether by doing this our relief societies would lose the character that was given to them by the Prophet Joseph came up and was fully discussed. Sisters Young and Horne seemed to have objections to this proposed incorporation, lest it would take from the relief societies the character which they had heretofore possessed. President Woodruff and myself did not look at it in that light, neither did Brother F. D. Richards, who was present. We thought that the end could be accomplished without in the least detracting from the character of the societies; at the same time by effecting the incorporation our sisters could have some voice in the national and international conventions.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - Sep 21, 1872 (Saturday)

Miss Phoebe W. Couzins, of St. Louis, and Miss Georgie Snow, daughter of Judge Zerubbabel Snow, of Salt Lake City, were admitted to the bar in the Third District Court—the first ladies thus admitted in Utah.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - Sep 21, 1857

At weekly circle of Samuel L. Sprague: "Br. P[hineai]. Richards [a member of Council of Fifty] spoke of coming in contact with our enemies. We have covenanted to avenge the blood of the Prophets and Saints. Why, then, should we hesitate to go forth and slay them-shed their blood-when called upon. Pres. Sprague spoke a few words in answer to the inquiry made by br. Richards; that the Lord had said 'vengeance is mine.' Nevertheless, we shall have blood to shed."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - Sep 21, 1832

A meeting of the Executive Committee of the American Temperance Society designates Tuesday, February 26, 1833 (the day before the Word of Wisdom was received) as a national temperance day set aside for simultaneous meetings "in all the cities, towns and villages throughout the United States" hoping that "persons of all denominations, sects, and parties, can cordially unite."

A severe cholera epidemic swept the nation in 1832-33. Sometimes referred to as 'the destroying angel' it was thought that drinking greatly increased ones chances of death by cholera. The Executive Committee felt that through temperance, cholera, "that scourge of the nations ... would be nearly, if not altogether unknown" and "ever-growing light, purity, and joy, under the means of divine appointment, with all who obey the divine will, would universally prevail."

[Source: Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

190 years ago today - Sep 21, 1827

Around midnight Joseph Smith asks his mother, Lucy Mack Smith, if she has a box with a lock on it. She says she doesn't and Joseph says, "Never mind, I can do very well for the present without it-be calm-all is right." Minutes later Joseph's new wife, Emma, passes through the room in her bonnet and riding dress, and Lucy hears the two of them drive off in Joseph Knight's wagon-borrowed without permission-to get the gold plates from the Hill Cumorah.

100 years ago today - Sep 20, 1917

James H. Moyle is appointed as Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, serving to 1921, and again from 1939-40. He is the first Mormon to achieve a sub-Cabinet appointment in the U.S. government. Appointments of similar rank for other Mormons are the Assistant Attorney General Frank K. Nebeker (1919-21), Under-Secretary of State J. Reuben Clark (1928-30), Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Marriner S. Eccles (1934-36), Assistant Secretary of Commerce Robert H. Hinckley (1940-42), Assistant Secretary of the Treasury David M. Kennedy (1953-54), Assistant Secretary of Labor Esther W. Eggertsen Peterson (1961-69), Assistant Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Rodney Brady (1970-72), Assistant Secretary of Interior Jack W. Carlson (1974-76), Assistant Attorney General Rex E. Lee (1975-76), Assistant Secretary of State Gregory J. Newell (1982-85), Under-Secretary of Commerce Sidney L. Jones (1984-86), Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services James O. Mason (1989-93), Assistant Secretary of Treasury Sidney L. Jones (1989-93). Clark is an LDS general authority in 1933; Mason in 1994. Mormons with equivalent of sub-Cabinet positions in non-U.S. governments are Tevita Mapa as secretary to Tonga's Premier; Alexander B. Morrison as Canada's deputy minister of National Health and Welfare (1972-84). Morrison becomes LDS general authority in 1987.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]