35 years ago today - Jul 1, 1980

Organization of Africa West Mission, first full-time mission directed specifically to black Africans, especially Nigerians.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - Jul 1, 1980.

It is announced that the History Division, renamed the Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Church History, will move to Brigham Young University. By February 1981 a sixteen-volume history of the church is canceled and the authors are paid for the proportion of work they have done.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

125 years ago today - Jul 1, 1890

U.S. Senate bill to deny all Mormons any right to homestead public lands.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Jul 01, 1880

Martha Hughes Cannon receives a medical degree from Michigan Medical School. In August 1878, she had been set apart by President John Taylor to obtain this training.

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of George W. Coray given by William Smith] ... thy forefathers were those that held the Priesthood and administered before the altar, they built temples and Sanctuary's, they offered Sacrifices upon the altar, many of whom were descendants of Abraham but in the early times of prophets departed from the faith, even leaving the tribe and seed of Joseph; and mingling among the nations of the earth until thy lineage is counted of the tribe of Judah but in thy veins there is a sufficiency of the blood of Joseph to number the[e] with the covenant seed of promise ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing of George W. Coray given by William Smith]

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

Apparently some Saints were questioning the right of the Twelve to replace the wooden font which had been built under Joseph Smith's directions. In the Times and Seasons Brigham Young explained the reason for erecting the stone font and he wrote that the Saints should not wonder at the decision. Just because Joseph Smith had built, a wooden font did not mean that it should be permanent. He stated that he wanted a font that would not "stink" and take so much time in keeping it clean.

[Source: Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

Apostle Parley P. Pratt, who had four wives at the time, writes to the MILLENIAL STAR warning English Mormons to "beware of seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils, as first introduced by John C. Bennett, under the name of 'spiritual wife' doctrine; and still agitated by the Pittsburg Seer, [Sidney Rigdon] and his followers under the same title." This is part of a pattern of false accusations against Sidney Rigdon who challenged the Apostles for leadership of the Church after Joseph's death. Rigdon had never advocated nor accepted polygamy.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Jul 1, 1845

[Hosea Stout] This day there was a grand concert for the Police at the Masonic Hallit commenced at ten oclock myself & wife & L. Fisher went we had also the 12 and other authorities with us, and was also provided with as much beer, wine, cakes &c as we could eat and drink. We had a very entertaining time all was peace, good feelings, and brotherly love no discord or contention among us. It lasted untill about 6 oclock P. M. when we dismissed I came home.

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - 1840: 1 July

[Patriarchal Blessing of Harriet Knowlton Given by Isaac Morley] ... thy descent is from Jacob (notwithstanding thou hast much of the gentile blood running in thy veins). ...

[Source: Typescript, William L. Knecht Family Records, Selected LDS Patriarchal Blessings, New Mormon Studies CD ROM, Signature Book, 2009, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jul 1, 1835

Patriarchal Blessing of Amos F. Herrick given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... you shall stand upon the earth and behold the winding up scene of this generation. And though you shall be old yet you shall retain your full strength, and your vigor of mind shall not be abated; yea, you shall stand, having been faithful, and shall receive an inheritance, even the blessing of eternal life in the presence of God. These blessings are sealed upon you and upon your posterity to the latest generation; even so. Amen.

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:20, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Jul 1, 1830

Joseph Smith arrived at Colesville, New York, about 25 June 1830 to baptize members of the Knight family and others on the following Sunday (27 June). However, baptisms were delayed a day when opponents destroyed the dam that had been constructed for this purpose. Moreover, Presbyterian minister John Sherer tried to prevent the baptism of one of his members, Emily Colburn. On 30 June, largely under the instigation of the Presbyterians, Smith was arrested by Constable Ebenezer Hatch for "disorderly conduct." On 1 July, Smith appeared before Justice Chamberlin for a pre-trial examination. Joseph Knight hired James Davidson and John Reed to defend Smith. While Smith claimed he was arrested "on a warrant, on charge of being a disorderly person; of setting the country in an uproar by preaching the Book of Mormon", more accurately, he was retried on the same charge he had narrowly escaped in March 1826. His preaching may have aroused his enemies, but it was not the legal basis for which he was arrested and examined. Joseph Knight remembered that he was arrested for "pertending to see under ground" and that his enemies had found "a little Clause ... in the [New] york Laws against such things." Reed added that his client had been arrested "for the crime of glass looking and juglin fortune telling and so on which the State of New York was against it and made it a crime and the crime was a fine and imprisonment". The warrant was initiated by Abram W. Benton, who wrote that during the 1830 trial "it was shown that the Book of Mormon was brought to light by the same magic power by which he [Smith] pretended to tell fortunes, discover hidden treasures, &c." According to Justice Noble, before whom Smith appeared the following day in Colesville, "Jo. plead in bar Statue of Limitations". Wesley P. Walters noted, "The law limited the time for prosecution of a misdemeanor to three years ..., while four had elapsed. The prosecution may have felt it still had a case since part of that time Joseph had been living in Harmony, Pa., and the law did not reckon the time spent outside the state as a part of the three year limitation". In other words, Benton and the others intended to finish the legal process begun in 1826 but not completed. Smith's defense proved successful. After the examination, which lasted an entire day, Smith was dismissed, then rearrested and taken to Colesville on the same charge. The trial was held on 2 July 1830 before Justice Noble, who also acquitted him. The following bill, submitted by Justice Chamberlin to the County Board of Supervisors for cases he examined or tried between 1 June and 20 October 1830, includes the first of Smith's two July 1830 court appearances.

[Source: Joseph Chamberlin, Bill of Costs, 1830, Clerk of the Board of Supervisors, Chenango County Office Building, Norwich, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Chamberlin Bill Of Costs]

80 years ago today - Jun 30, 1935

The Oahu Stake, the first stake outside of North America and the first stake in Hawaii, is organized, with Ralph E. Wooley as president.

125 years ago today - Jun 30, 1890

[Franklin D. Richards] The question of what course to take in relation to plural marriage came up for serious consideration this afternoon. President [Wilford] Woodruff has felt very clear that no plural marriages shall be solemnized in the Territory. He has not felt very favorable to marriages being solemnized at all, but has consented to some few being performed in Mexico. Soon after I returned from Washington [D.C.], Brother Joseph F. Smith informed me of the danger there was of something being learned concerning marriages of this character being performed at El Paso. He said that the last few who had gone down there to meet Brother Macdonald had attracted considerable attention, and some of those who were of the party thought it exceedingly dangerous and were afraid that the knowledge of these transactions would come to light. The question had also arisen whether there is not danger of international complications arising over it. All these matters were carefullyconsidered, and we concluded that, for the present, there should be no more marriages of this character solemnized, unless the women who enter into this relation remain in Mexico and take up their abode there.

[Source: Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Tues., June 30th, 1885

[Abraham H. Cannon] Attended court part of the day where Bro. F. A. Brown's case was called. The forenoon was occupied in getting a jury, and in the afternoon at his own request he was sworn as a witness. He was then permitted to read a paper in which he gave a short review of his past life, admitting his marriage with two women and saying that he would rather have his head severed from his body than to deny his religion and his God. After his testimony the case went to the Jury who brought in a verdict of guilty with a recommendation for mercy. . . . As I was returning home I went to the Co op store where a large crowd had gathered. By suggestion of some of our leaders the flags over which the "Mormons" had control were mostly placed at half mast in mourning for the sad persecution now going on in our midst. The flags at the city hall and court house had already been raised to the masthead at the command of a few anti Mormons, and now, at 5 p.m. they had assembled at ZCMI with threats of using force in hoisting the flag. The police were there in numbers, however, and no attempt at violence was made. Finally Wm. Jennings and Thos. G. Webber came and had the stars and stripes raised, to the utter disgust of the many staunch Saints. Threats were then made to raise the flags on the Gardo House, Presidents Office, Tithing and Es. News offices, the Temple and Tabernacle, but a number of friends assembled at my home and we had an exhibition of fireworks until quite a late hour. At the celebration in Ogden today Apostle Moses Thatcher threw a bombshell into the camp of the Liberals by reciting some of Utah's sufferings because of religious bigotry. His statements were too true to rest easy on the minds of the anti Mormons and he was reprimanded by Judge Powers, the orator of the day. Gentiles are really beginning to think that the Saints are in rebellion.

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

170 years ago today - Jun 30, 1845. Monday.

At 4.P.M. went to visit Mother Smith in company with President Young, H. C. Kimball, John Taylor, W. Richards, O. Pratt, A. Lyman, G. A. Smith, N. K. Whitney, G. Miller and R. Cahoon. ... Mother Smith ... said that although in her vision it was told to her that there was two men whose hearts were blacker than the rest, it was not any one who was then present.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

170 years ago today - Jun 30, 1845

[Patriarchal Blessing of Mary Maxwell (deceased) given to Delilah Maxwell (proxy) by William Smith] ... Beloved Sister- In the name of Jesus Christ I lay my hands upon your head and bless you with Patriarchal blessing, that this blessing may afford thee some comfort for the one intended for whom thou art now acting as proxy. that as her Representative, the true character and state of her condition may now be represented by a blessing upon thine head, that she who is dead in the flesh and yet alive in the Spirit may have sealed upon her according to the authority of the Holy Priesthood that sealing blessing that may bind her Salvation in heaven ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing for Mary Maxwell (deceased) given to Delilah Maxwell (proxy) by William Smith]

170 years ago today - Monday, June 30th, 1845

[John Taylor] In the afternoon went to Mother Smith's with a number of the Twelve and the Bishops, according to previous appointment, at the request of Mother Smith to settle some misunderstanding and difficulty that existed in her mind in relation to a vision that she had. When we were there, i.e., Elders Young, Kimball, O. Pratt, John E. Page, Willard Richards, George A. Smith, and myself of the Twelve together with Bishops Whitney and Miller, and Elder Cahoon one of the Temple committee, and some of her own family were present. We conversed freely with her, she stated however that she thought that we had not a correct copy of her vision; however we know that it is; but supported that the old lady was feeble and excited, and perhaps might not fully recollect what she had said.

Elder Young told his find freely about William, and stated that he was aiming at power, and authority, and priesthood that did not belong to him.

That the statement that was published in the paper concerning Patriarchs was correct; that he would sustain William in his office and calling; but would not allow him to tread upon his neck or any other man's.... Mother Smith said he did not want it, she did not profess to be a revelator only for herself and family, that she wanted peace, union, and harmony. The twelve all exprssed the same feeling and manifested the greatest kindness to Mother Smith together with the Bishops. William did not meet with us; but we received from him the following letter: Nauvoo, June 30th, 1845.

Elder Young, It has been my purpose from the first to do all I could for peace. I said in a short note to you the other day, that I would stand by you till death; but it might be asked upon what principle? I will answer on the principle that I am dealt justly by in the Church....

I am sick and tired of such partiality ... I claim to be Patriarch over the whole Church, this gives me my place and proper standing and what I inherit ...

My proposition is my share of the kingdom, and if you will publish in the Neighbor and Times and Seasons the true state of the case in regard to my office as Patriarch over the whole Church ...

Which we answered as follows: Nauvoo, June 30th, 1845.

Dear Brother William ... As to your requests in your letter ... there are some ordinances [giving patriarchal blessings] in the Church that cannot be administered by any person out of this place at present, but must be done here. As to your having the right to administer all ordinances in the world and no one standing at your head, we could not sanction ... But as to your right to officiate in the office of Patriarch, we say you have the right to officiate in all the world wherever your lot may be cast, and no one to dictate or control you excepting the Twelve ... P.S. ... I am sorry the old lady should be troubled, she is aged woman and has past through much trouble for the cause of truth, and has the respect and confidence of the whole Church.

[Source: 'The John Taylor Nauvoo journal, January 1845-September 1845,' BYU Studies 23:3 (1983) edited by Dean C. Jessee]

180 years ago today - Jun 30, 1835

[Patriarchal Blessing of Charles N. Baldwin given by Joseph Smith, Sr] ... Listen to thy teachers, and thou shalt be called to go forth and preach the gospel: angels shall instruct thee, and the Lord shall make thee mighty like unto Enoch,- and like him wafe thyself to the city of Enoch, if thou desire it; but if not thou mayest tarry to the coming of the Son of Man, and be caught up to meet him ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:22, quoted in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

185 years ago today - Jun 30, 1830

The Palmyra Reflector sarcastically proclaims that "[t]he age of miracle has again arived", noting that Martin Harris is telling the Palmyra neighborhood about how Smith has cast out a devil "of uncommon size from a miserable man in the neighborhood of the 'great bend' of the Susquehannah."

[Source: Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

185 years ago today - 1830 30 Jun-1 Jul.

Joseph Smith is acquitted in two trials at Colesville, New York, for using a treasure-digging "peep" stone and performing an exorcism.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]