40 years ago today - Oct 23, 1978-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
Saturday night Grace and I were invited to have dinner with Dean and Cheryll May. ... With respect to the revelation of June 9, Dean May mentioned an experience he had in England; or was this George giving the story? At any rate, he was present when Elder [Mark E.] Petersen made a visit to the European Mission. ... A new missionary asked him if he had ever seen the Saviour. The mission president was very embarrassed and started to explain to the missionary that that was not a proper question. But Brother Petersen calmed him and said he would be glad to give a response. Brother Petersen said no, he had never seen the Saviour, and this was not a source of disappointment to him. He said the Saviour had revealed himself to only a few people and that it was not necessary for an apostle to see the Saviour physically to be a witness for him. He did not know for certain the experience of all of the Brethren, but he knew that there were some of them who, like he, had never seen the Saviour. ...

Brother Durham said that he had been given an account of the June 1 experience from Jim McConkie, who had received it from Elder [Bruce R.] McConkie. It was very similar to the account that I had earlier heard. I had the impression that Jim McConkie had understood that the Holy Ghost had visited the Quorum of the Twelve and the First Presidency on June 1 and that there had been a rushing of winds, heavenly music, and some visions of Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, and perhaps other personalities and scenes as well.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

110 years ago today - Oct 23, 1908

[George F. Richards]
I spent about two hours with Pres[ident]. Francis M. Lyman at his home considering church history, most of which is not found in the regular history of the Church. I read a controversy had between B[isho]p. C[harles]. W. Nibley & B. H. Roberts over the latter's attitude toward Elder Reed Smoot's candidacy to succeed himself as U.S. Senator. Read a letter from Pres[ident]. Wilford Woodruff addressed to Elder H[eber]. J. Grant on Succession to the Presidency to the Church also minutes of a meeting of the First Presidency and the Twelve held in Pres[ident] Lorenzo Snows day in 1890 [sic; 1900] where the question of right of seniority between Jos[eph]. F. Smith and Brigham Young Jr. was decided. I also read a sermon in Millenial Star preached by Amasa Lyman in Scotland many years ago which lead to his excommunication from the Church. In this sermon Apostle Amasa Lyman denied the efficacy of the blood of the Savior to atone for sins repented of holding that repentance alone was necessary i.e. turning away from sin.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Oct 23, 1903

The name of the Church academy in Provo is changed from Brigham Young Academy to Brigham Young University (BYU).

130 years ago today - Oct 23, 1888

The question of the propriety of Bro[ther] John W Young being considered as authorized to act for and in behalf of the Church in financial, state and political matters with the Leaders of the Democratic National Committy and others in the East [for bribes] was talked over by Pres[iden]t Woodruff & Jos[eph] F. Smith and it was decided to send to Hon[orable] John T. Caine at New York $20,000.00 by telegraph tomorrow morning also to request him to inform the proper parties, who sends this money, and of the position of Br[other]. John W. Young as not being authorized to act for the Church &c.

[First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

165 years ago today - Oct 23, 1853

You believe Adam was made of the dust of this earth. This I do not believe, though it is supposed that it is so written in the Bible; but it is not, to my understanding. . . . I do not believe that portion of the Bible as the Christian world do. I never did, and I never want to. What is the reason I do not? Because I have come to understanding, and banished from my mind all the baby stories my mother taught me when I was a child.

[J.D 2:6; Delivered in the Tabernacle, SLC, Utah; Brigham Young; October 23, 1853; "Concepts Quotations Dealing With the Origin, Identity Position of Adam Eve"]

175 years ago today - Oct 23, 1843

[Brigham Young]
With Elders H. [Heber] C. Kimball and Geo. [George] A. Smith I visited the Prophet Joseph, who was glad to see us. We paid him every cent of the means we had collected for the temple and Nauvoo House. He taught us many principles illustrating the doctrine of celestial marriage concerning which God had given him a revelation, July 12th [1843] [D&C 132].

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

180 years ago today - Oct 23, 1838

Albert P. Rockwood writes, "the Mob disperse by hundreds on the approach of the Danites (Brethren)."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Oct 23, 1833

"A company of money diggers consisting of two men, a boy, and al old woman, armed with mining rods, crowbars, and the Bible, were employed on Saturday and Sunday nights in digging for money, over on Seavy's point."

"A huge misshapen ghost stood before him, as he says, at least 20 feet high. "... 'Dad,' said the courageous boy, 'maydn't I thow a stone at him?' But the old man silenced the boy, and with blanched lips and chattering teeth addressed the ghost in the name of the Lord Jesus and demanded to know how much he would take for interest in the money; the ghost replied in a very surly tone that he wouldn't soul out and was about to make a semonstration [sic] of his power when the money diggers gave way to their fears and fled, closely pursued by more than five hundred ghosts, leaving the Bible on the spot. The old man says next he'll have a 'clinch for it.' He begins to suspect the ghosts are made of tangible materials."

["Money Diggers," Eastern Argus, (Portland, ME), 23 October 1833, as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

25 years ago today - 25 years ago - Oct 22, 1993-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
We have been saddened by the excommunications. We simply cannot regard Lavina [Fielding Anderson] and Mike [Quinn] as apostates. Both are splendid, honest writers and historians, both have been active believers. We can't see the justice of excommunicating someone who writes honest, sincere, history. We were counseled by Presidents [N. Eldon] Tanner, [Harold B.] Lee, and [Spencer W.] Kimball to write honest history, and now two of us are excommunicated for doing what the Prophets have counseled us to do. I keep thinking that Bill Nelson will pull out my file and send it to my stake president one of these days.

I am beginning to feel old. I don't have as much energy as I used to have. I am not as enthusiastic as I used to be. I get depressed every time I read the newspaper-so much conflict, so much cruelty, so much evil. Maybe that's why I like [television courtroom drama] Matlock-he always finds the culprit and wins. Or opera, where depth of emotion is expressed in music in a way that creates catharsis and healing.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

50 years ago today - 50 years ago - Oct 22, 1968

The Church received official recognition in Spain. The first missionaries arrived in June, 1969.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Oct 22,1903

First Presidency and Twelve authorize purchase of twenty five acres of the original temple lot at Independence, Jackson County, Missouri. Purchase is complete on 14 Apr 1904. These purchases continue throughout twentieth century.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Oct 22, 1903

LDS President Joseph F. Smith receives a letter from a non-Mormon stating: "I find that Christ in quoting to the people on this side of the water, the third and fourth chapters of Malachi, quotes, according to the Book of Mormon, in the identical text of King James' version, not missing a word. I find chapters of Isaiah quoted practically in the same way. I find that in many instances, in his talks with the people, and to his disciples here, he used the identical language of King James' version, not omitting the words supplied by the translators. Now, I know that no two parties will take the same manuscript and make translations of a matter contained therein, and the language of the two translators be alike; indeed, the language employed by the two parties will widely differ. These translations are from different manuscripts, and from different languages, and still it appears in the Book of Mormon as King James' translation. I can conceive of no other way in which such a coincidence could have occurred, within the range of human experience, except where one writing is copied from another, and then it takes the utmost care to get them exactly alike, word for word, and letter for letter as this is." The letter is referred to B. H. Roberts. Roberts begins his multi-page reply: "The difficulty which you point out of course has been recognized by believers in the Book of Mormon, but I do not know that I can say that the Church as yet has settled upon any explanation which could be regarded as an authoritative view on the subject. Each one has been left to settle the matter upon the lines which seem most reasonable to him."

130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Oct 22, 1888

[Wilford Woodruff to Willard G. Smith]
Your pencil memoranda, dated Oct[.] 18th, showing a list of names of persons in Morgan Stake deemed worthy to receive their second anointings, came duly to hand. There seems to be some misunderstanding in these matters by you in sending such a formidable list, and in such a manner as the one received. In such an important matter as second anointings it is not expected that the Stake or the Wards are to be hunted over to find names to recommend for such an ordinance. It is only contemplated that we be furnished with the names of those who are deemed worthy by the Presidency of the Stake, and who are quite aged, and whose life and labors in the Church have been such as to entitle them to this blessing. When such names are submitted[,] the ages of the parties should be noted, and you will be informed as to their acceptance before the parties receive any information or their recommends are endorsed to go to the Temple.

[Wilford Woodruff to Willard G. Smith, Oct. 22, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

160 years ago today - 160 years ago - Oct 22, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
I traveled to Lehi & spent the night at Bishop Evans. I Collected 10 bushels of wheat which was due me for trees. Brother Evans treated me vary kindly. He showed me 500 bushels of tithing potatoes. He had about 1,000 Bushels of wheat of his own.

He said he had not sold a Bushel of any Grain to the armey. An Officer told him that A Council of Doctors had decided that the army was in an unhealthy situation & most of the officers were going to the states on furlough ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

195 years ago today - 195 years ago - Oct 22, 1823

The WAYNE SENTINAL in Palmyra, New York publishes an account of a vision "seen and received by Asa Wild, of Amsterdam, (N. Y.)" In the vision "the Great Jehovah" appeared and "He also told me, that every denomination of professing christians had become extremely corrupt; . . .He told me further, that he had raised up, and was now raising up, that class of persons signified by the angel mentioned by the Revelator XIV. 6, 7, which flew in the midst of heaven; having the everlasting gospel to preach, that these persons are of an inferior [social] class, and small learning; that they were rejected by every denomination as a body; but soon, God will open their way, by miracles, judgments, &c. that they will have higher authority, greater power, superior inspiration, and a greater degree of holiness than was ever experienced before . . ."

45 years ago today - Oct 21, 1973

A First Presidency letter urges 78,800 Mormons in Washington state to vote against a referendum to allow nineteen-year-olds to purchase and consume alcoholic beverages.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Oct 21, 1848

"Friends and brethren my name is Cowdrey, oliver Cowdery. . . . I wrote with my own pen the entire book of Mormon (save a few pages) as it fell from the lips of the prophet [Joseph Smith], As he trans=lated <<it>> by the gift and power of god, By [the] means of the urim and thummim, or as it is called by that book ["]holy Interpreters." I beheld with my eyes. And handled with my ha=nds the gold plates from which it was translated. I also beheld the Interpreters. That book is true.... I was present with Joseph when an holy angle [angel] from god came down from heaven and confered or restored the Aronic priesthood, And said at the same time that it should remain upon the earth while the earth stands. I was also present with Joseph when the Melchis=ideck priesthood was confered by the holy angles [angels] of god--<<this was the more [-] and in order that>> which we then confirmed on each other by the will and com=mandment of god. ...

{Editorial Note: At a special church conference held on 21 October 1848 at Council Bluffs, Iowa, and presided over by Apostle Orson Hyde, Oliver Cowdery spoke to the congregation expressing his desire for rebaptism....}

[Reuben Miller, Journal, 21 October 1848, 1:[12], LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah.]

170 years ago today - Oct 21, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]
Sister Tuttle recieved A Blessing by the laying on of hands. Most of her friends had expected she would die but she was healed by the laying on of hands. A number of Comforters like Jobs had called upon her And reproached her because she was sick inasmuch as she professed to believe in God And asked why [she] did not Call upon her Elders to heal her. This was done to reproach her. And she spoke out And said O that the Lord would send Br Woodruff here. It was but A few minutes before she recieve A note from me stateing that I was coming And when I laid hands upon her she was healed indeed And felt to Praise the Lord.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - (Mon) Oct 21, 1833

Kirtland Township Overseer of the Poor, Roswell D. Cottrill, began serving a writ of "warning out of town" upon 49 Mormon families in Kirtland. The process was not completed until Dec. 20. Among the first names on his list were Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith, and Sidney Rigdon

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

10 years ago today - 10/20/2008

[Proposition-8]
Yes on 8 sends out letters to several businesses that had donated to the No on 8 campaign, explaining that unless those businesses donated a similar amount to the Yes on 8 campaign, the ProtectMarriage.com website would have to assume that "it would be a clear indication that you are in opposition to traditional marriage.... The names of any companies and organizations that choose not to donate in like manner to ProtectMarriage.com but have given to Equality California will be published. It is only fair for Proposition 8 supporters to know which companies and organizations oppose traditional marriage."

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]