45 years ago today - Apr 25, 1970

CHURCH NEWS has headline reference to recently sustained LDS president as "The Prophet," which is repeated in May 9 article "A Tribute To The Prophet." Joseph Fielding Smith is first LDS president identified by CHURCH NEWS headlines as "The Prophet" throughout his administration. This practice intensifies for his successors.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

65 years ago today - Apr 25, 1950

Ezra Taft Benson was sealed in marriage to his recently deceased cousin, Eva Amanda Benson (July 6, 1882–August 10, 1946). Eva was the never-married daughter of Benson's uncle Frank Andrus Benson. Benson's wife Flora had first suggested acting as proxy for Eva, then did so during the vicarious ordinance performed by Elder Joseph Fielding Smith in the Salt Lake Temple. "I have never witnessed a more unselfish act on the part of any person," Benson recorded, "and I love Flora all the more because of it. The Lord will richly bless her for this act of unselfish love for Eva and me and the Kingdom. Flora is one of the choicest daughters of our Heavenly Father."

[Source: Ezra Taft Benson, Diary, April 25, 1950; Gary James Bergera, "Weak-Kneed Republicans and Socialist Democrats": Ezra Taft Benson as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1953-61, Part 2, Dialogue : A Journal of Mormon Thought, (Winter 2008, vol 41)]

120 years ago today - Apr 25, 1895

The First Presidency and Twelve meet in the Salt Lake Temple and "we took up the sub[c]jet of H B [B. H.] Roberts & M[oses] Thatcher Advocating Subject in the [statehood] Convention against our interest." Wilford Woodruff states that B.H. Roberts "had done the saints more harm in his Speeches in the Convention than all the liberal element in the city." Roberts had vigorously opposed women suffrage which was favored by the First Presidency.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

130 years ago today - Apr 25, 1885

Mormon colonists in Mexico are ordered by the chief magistrate of Casas Grandes to leave the country by this date. Church leaders appeal to Mexican President Porfirio Diaz who has already decided to let the Mormons stay and has fired the official who issued the expulsion order.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

155 years ago today - Apr 25, 1860

[Brigham Young] ... There is another vary important subject which I wish to speak of & that is the Temptation you will have From women. This has Caused the down fall of more Elders in this Church than any other thing. There is some Elders who go on there missions all there lives and keep themselves Clean & pure all there lives. Others Comes home and are shady. There Countenance Falls. They Cannot look you strait in the Eye. They [have] fallen in the snare.

Joseph Said in speaking to the First Twelve that they would have to watch against this snare For they would have more trouble From this source than any other. Now let evry woman alon while you are gone. Dont lay your hand upon any woman, but keep yourselves Clean. Some have to bring a group of women with them. They have to get a new dove into there house while they are gone. Let those things alone while abroad. But what is done upon that subject let it be done here....

[Source: Brigham Young remarks as quoted in Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Apr 25, 1855

[Brigham Young ] Evening attended the [first meeting of] '"Deseret Theological Institute'" in the Social Hall and heard an address by President B. Young who stated that the whole object of the Institution was comprehended in these words. To know the only wise God and Jesus Christ whom he has sent, which is Life Eternal. Spoke of Adam being a God and head of the human family. to know him was to learn his true character. He spoke for more than an hour. -- Salt Lake City

[Source: Sermons and Writings of the Restoration. 4 Vols. Ogden Kraut, ed. Pioneer Press, 1994, quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Apr 25, 1845

James H. Monroe, a convert and school teacher in Nauvoo who taught the children of Joseph Smith and Brigham Young, writes in his diary: "My time was spent, when not occupied with my school, in reading Fowler's Phrenology, a very valuable work in my estimation, and containing much information of especial benefit to me in my present capacity, as it enables me to form a better opinion of the tastes, feelings, and powers of my little protiges and thereby suggests the proper mode of education, and tells me which faculties are necessary to be cultivated. I think I must make out a chart of their heads with a description of their character as shown by the development of their organs, and then concoct a plan for their education in accordance with those principles." Four days later he complete's the phrenology chart of Joseph Smith III's head, "which [was] admitted to be correct by his mother "

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

Apr. 1830

Joseph Smith visits the Knights in Colesville, N. Y. After several meetings, Newel Knight cannot bring himself to pray vocally. He returns from the woods, where he attemptedâ€"unsuccessfullyâ€"to pray, and his limbs and face become very distorted; he is tossed around the room under the power of Satan. Joseph lays his hands on him and rebukes the devil in the name of Christ, and Newel is healed miraculously in the presence of eight or nine neighbors. This is the first miracle in the Church.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

120 years ago today - Apr 24, 1895

[Brigham Young Jr.] Loafed around the office for want of something better to do. Have read Bro[ther] [Apostle] M.[oses] Thatcher's speech on the Convention and disapp[r]ove of it, he is out of order-- abusive, he is not united with his quorum. Learn that certain are employing spotters to catch leading men on Unlawful Cohab. The cloven foot is coming out gain the Repub[lican], organ is firing big gums at Church authorities. The "Lib" Party begins to wriggle & spit venom.

[Source: Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Apr 24, 1890

[Brigham Young Jr.] Presidency cannot Consent to have our people promise to obey the 'law,' repudiate all wives but one, tho' some of the brethren who are actually obeying the law want to know what the difference is. In our circle meeting this afternoon I had a strong intimation or impression, I thought of the spirit, that Joseph F. Smith & myself will wear this anti Polygamy law out, and ere long we shall ride in these streets with our wives and children.

[Source: Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Apr 24, 1885 (Friday)

Bishop Hiram B. Clawson, of Salt Lake City, was arrested on a charge of u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife], and placed under $1,500 bonds.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Apr 24, 1845

Emma Smith argues that the Nauvoo high council is the presiding authority of the church and that William Marks is the lawful successor to her husband. She bases this on an 1835 revelation (D&C 107). Brigham Young writes a letter to U.S. President James K. Polk asking, "Will it be too much for us to ask you to convene a special session of congress and furnish us an asylum, where we can enjoy our rights of conscience and religion unmolested?"

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - Apr 24, 1835

Smith, the Mormon Prophet, was recognised, on Wednesday last, by Justice Miller of this village, for his appearance at the next Court of Common Pleas, to answer to a charge of Assault and Battery committed upon the person of his brother-in-law. [The hearing is postponed when the brother-in-law leaves the state for a time.]

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

30 years ago today - Apr 23, 1985

Alvin Rust advances Hofmann $150,000 to purchase "McLellin Collection" in New York City. Hofmann later tells Rust that he has sold the McLellin Collection to the LDS church for $300,000.

[Source: Whittaker, David J., The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case, BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80,]

55 years ago today - Apr 23, 1960

THE CHURCH NEWS quotes First Presidency Counselor Reuben J. Clark: "I am not a strict constructionalist, believing that we seal our eternal progress by what we do here. It is my belief that God will save all of His children that he can; and while, if we live unrighteously here, we shall not go to the other side in the same status, so to speak, as those who lived righteously; nevertheless, the unrighteous will have their chance, and in the eons of the eternities that are to follow, they, too, may climb to the destinies to which they who are righteous and serve God, have climbed to those eternities that are to come"

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

65 years ago today - Apr 23, 1950

[Spencer W. Kimball] A MIRACLE Certainly it was a miracle when my voice cleared up so nearly immediately after administration by Elders Lee and Pres. Clark and Elder Moyle. People calling me on the telephone (Ida Romney and others) who heard me answer were almost shocked. Pres. Clark was overjoyed when he heard my voice. Since the blessing it has been strong and not too harsh. For ten days prior thereto I could hardly make a sound that could be heard more than a few feet. How grateful I am the Lord [?]. I am positive that nothing that the Doctors were doing had or did affect that change.

[Source: Spencer W. Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Apr 23, 1900

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill] Monday. Richmond. I attended Priesthood Meeting at 10 a. m., about 65 of the Brethren present. Bishop Skidmore resigned as Bishop and the resignation was accepted, and Thomas Hazen Merrill was chosen by 33 persons to fill his place. There were 35 names presented, ranging from 1 to 33 votes; 33 for T. H. Merrill was 12 more than any other one got. Alma Merrill got the next highest vote, 21, and August Schow and James Funk got the next highest, 15 and 12 each, and they were chosen Counselors to the Bishop. In the afternoon a full congregation was in attendance of all the people and the action of the Priesthood Meeting was ratified.

[Source: Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Apr 23, 1890

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon] I listened this forenoon to a narration by Bp. Timothy Winters of Rexburg [Idaho] of the course of [Stake] Pres. Thos. E. Ricks of the Bannock Stake. Bro. Winters has received notice to prepare for a mission to New Zealand in August next, and he believes that Pres. R. has been instrumental in having him called through spite because their views have not been alike. I learned through Bp. Winters, whom I am at liberty to quote as authority, that Pres. R. is very arbitrary in his way thus creating a feeling against him among the people. He also drinks and has been seen more than once in a drunken condition. About five weeks ago as he was returning from Salt Lake he joined some of the Home Missionaries who had been laboring in Eagle Rock and Pocatello and rode with them to Market Lake. At the latter place as they were waiting for a team to convey them to Rexburg, he invited these brethren and some strangers who were present to step up to the bar and drink with him and then play cards. The brethren refused to drink, but indulged in card-playing. He, however, drank until he was intoxicated and also played cards. These matters are talked about in the stake and are sure to injure his standing. ...

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon (Author), Edward Leo Lyman (Editor), Candid Insights of a Mormon Apostle: The Diaries of Abraham H. Cannon, 1889-1895, Signature Books]

170 years ago today - Apr 23, 1845

[Nauvoo Neighbor] Letter: Letter to John Taylor about the Whistling and Whittling Brigade [a group that intimidates critics] -- Signed, "A.H." -- Describes some recent actions taken by the whistling and whittling brigade.

- Story: Rigdon Forms New Church Leadership -- Signed, "Pelagaram" -- Announces Sidney Rigdon's appointment of a new quorum of Twelve and Seventy....

- Announcement: Sale of Some of Joseph Smith's Estate -- Emma Smith -- Emma signs as "Guardian," and offers some of Joseph's Land for sale.

[Source: http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

170 years ago today - Apr 23, 1845

[Wilford Woodruff] I looked over Elder Lorenzo D. Barnes Trunk. ...I carefully filed them all with his own compositions & Journals Patriarchal Blessings [and other items] of which I carefully put in a package & sealed it with wax & stamped it with a large Masonic Stamp ...

After I retired to rest at night I fell asleep And had the following dream: I was in company with a number of the Twelve & other Brethren. I thought I had Just returned to Nauvoo from my English mission. We met with Br Joseph Smith the Prophet. I shook hands with him And asked him if he & his family were well. He said they were. I Thought the endowment had been given & he was counciling us about taking a mission abroad some portion of the time. While talkinghe sat in a Chair & leaned upon my breast. He said he was going to take a mission to India & pointed out the man to go with him but I cannot now call him by name. G. A. Smith asked liberty of Joseph to become better acquainted with me or to spend more time with me that we might be prepared to take a mission together. It was granted him. O Pratt had his mission appointed I do not know whare. Lyman Wight was spoken of. Do not recollect what was said. We had an interesting time together. All seemed happy to once more see the Prophet.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]