25 years ago today - 25 years ago - Oct 22, 1993-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
We have been saddened by the excommunications. We simply cannot regard Lavina [Fielding Anderson] and Mike [Quinn] as apostates. Both are splendid, honest writers and historians, both have been active believers. We can't see the justice of excommunicating someone who writes honest, sincere, history. We were counseled by Presidents [N. Eldon] Tanner, [Harold B.] Lee, and [Spencer W.] Kimball to write honest history, and now two of us are excommunicated for doing what the Prophets have counseled us to do. I keep thinking that Bill Nelson will pull out my file and send it to my stake president one of these days.

I am beginning to feel old. I don't have as much energy as I used to have. I am not as enthusiastic as I used to be. I get depressed every time I read the newspaper-so much conflict, so much cruelty, so much evil. Maybe that's why I like [television courtroom drama] Matlock-he always finds the culprit and wins. Or opera, where depth of emotion is expressed in music in a way that creates catharsis and healing.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

50 years ago today - 50 years ago - Oct 22, 1968

The Church received official recognition in Spain. The first missionaries arrived in June, 1969.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Oct 22,1903

First Presidency and Twelve authorize purchase of twenty five acres of the original temple lot at Independence, Jackson County, Missouri. Purchase is complete on 14 Apr 1904. These purchases continue throughout twentieth century.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Oct 22, 1903

LDS President Joseph F. Smith receives a letter from a non-Mormon stating: "I find that Christ in quoting to the people on this side of the water, the third and fourth chapters of Malachi, quotes, according to the Book of Mormon, in the identical text of King James' version, not missing a word. I find chapters of Isaiah quoted practically in the same way. I find that in many instances, in his talks with the people, and to his disciples here, he used the identical language of King James' version, not omitting the words supplied by the translators. Now, I know that no two parties will take the same manuscript and make translations of a matter contained therein, and the language of the two translators be alike; indeed, the language employed by the two parties will widely differ. These translations are from different manuscripts, and from different languages, and still it appears in the Book of Mormon as King James' translation. I can conceive of no other way in which such a coincidence could have occurred, within the range of human experience, except where one writing is copied from another, and then it takes the utmost care to get them exactly alike, word for word, and letter for letter as this is." The letter is referred to B. H. Roberts. Roberts begins his multi-page reply: "The difficulty which you point out of course has been recognized by believers in the Book of Mormon, but I do not know that I can say that the Church as yet has settled upon any explanation which could be regarded as an authoritative view on the subject. Each one has been left to settle the matter upon the lines which seem most reasonable to him."

130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Oct 22, 1888

[Wilford Woodruff to Willard G. Smith]
Your pencil memoranda, dated Oct[.] 18th, showing a list of names of persons in Morgan Stake deemed worthy to receive their second anointings, came duly to hand. There seems to be some misunderstanding in these matters by you in sending such a formidable list, and in such a manner as the one received. In such an important matter as second anointings it is not expected that the Stake or the Wards are to be hunted over to find names to recommend for such an ordinance. It is only contemplated that we be furnished with the names of those who are deemed worthy by the Presidency of the Stake, and who are quite aged, and whose life and labors in the Church have been such as to entitle them to this blessing. When such names are submitted[,] the ages of the parties should be noted, and you will be informed as to their acceptance before the parties receive any information or their recommends are endorsed to go to the Temple.

[Wilford Woodruff to Willard G. Smith, Oct. 22, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

160 years ago today - 160 years ago - Oct 22, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
I traveled to Lehi & spent the night at Bishop Evans. I Collected 10 bushels of wheat which was due me for trees. Brother Evans treated me vary kindly. He showed me 500 bushels of tithing potatoes. He had about 1,000 Bushels of wheat of his own.

He said he had not sold a Bushel of any Grain to the armey. An Officer told him that A Council of Doctors had decided that the army was in an unhealthy situation & most of the officers were going to the states on furlough ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

195 years ago today - 195 years ago - Oct 22, 1823

The WAYNE SENTINAL in Palmyra, New York publishes an account of a vision "seen and received by Asa Wild, of Amsterdam, (N. Y.)" In the vision "the Great Jehovah" appeared and "He also told me, that every denomination of professing christians had become extremely corrupt; . . .He told me further, that he had raised up, and was now raising up, that class of persons signified by the angel mentioned by the Revelator XIV. 6, 7, which flew in the midst of heaven; having the everlasting gospel to preach, that these persons are of an inferior [social] class, and small learning; that they were rejected by every denomination as a body; but soon, God will open their way, by miracles, judgments, &c. that they will have higher authority, greater power, superior inspiration, and a greater degree of holiness than was ever experienced before . . ."

45 years ago today - Oct 21, 1973

A First Presidency letter urges 78,800 Mormons in Washington state to vote against a referendum to allow nineteen-year-olds to purchase and consume alcoholic beverages.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Oct 21, 1848

"Friends and brethren my name is Cowdrey, oliver Cowdery. . . . I wrote with my own pen the entire book of Mormon (save a few pages) as it fell from the lips of the prophet [Joseph Smith], As he trans=lated <<it>> by the gift and power of god, By [the] means of the urim and thummim, or as it is called by that book ["]holy Interpreters." I beheld with my eyes. And handled with my ha=nds the gold plates from which it was translated. I also beheld the Interpreters. That book is true.... I was present with Joseph when an holy angle [angel] from god came down from heaven and confered or restored the Aronic priesthood, And said at the same time that it should remain upon the earth while the earth stands. I was also present with Joseph when the Melchis=ideck priesthood was confered by the holy angles [angels] of god--<<this was the more [-] and in order that>> which we then confirmed on each other by the will and com=mandment of god. ...

{Editorial Note: At a special church conference held on 21 October 1848 at Council Bluffs, Iowa, and presided over by Apostle Orson Hyde, Oliver Cowdery spoke to the congregation expressing his desire for rebaptism....}

[Reuben Miller, Journal, 21 October 1848, 1:[12], LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah.]

170 years ago today - Oct 21, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]
Sister Tuttle recieved A Blessing by the laying on of hands. Most of her friends had expected she would die but she was healed by the laying on of hands. A number of Comforters like Jobs had called upon her And reproached her because she was sick inasmuch as she professed to believe in God And asked why [she] did not Call upon her Elders to heal her. This was done to reproach her. And she spoke out And said O that the Lord would send Br Woodruff here. It was but A few minutes before she recieve A note from me stateing that I was coming And when I laid hands upon her she was healed indeed And felt to Praise the Lord.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - (Mon) Oct 21, 1833

Kirtland Township Overseer of the Poor, Roswell D. Cottrill, began serving a writ of "warning out of town" upon 49 Mormon families in Kirtland. The process was not completed until Dec. 20. Among the first names on his list were Joseph Smith, Jr., Hyrum Smith, and Sidney Rigdon

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

10 years ago today - 10/20/2008

[Proposition-8]
Yes on 8 sends out letters to several businesses that had donated to the No on 8 campaign, explaining that unless those businesses donated a similar amount to the Yes on 8 campaign, the ProtectMarriage.com website would have to assume that "it would be a clear indication that you are in opposition to traditional marriage.... The names of any companies and organizations that choose not to donate in like manner to ProtectMarriage.com but have given to Equality California will be published. It is only fair for Proposition 8 supporters to know which companies and organizations oppose traditional marriage."

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

40 years ago today - Oct 20, 1978-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
I sat across the aisle from a close friend, well along in years, and closely acquainted with high church and government officials. Here are some of his statements to me:

1. [Apostle] Jim Faust ... was a protege of President [Henry D.] Moyle, close to President [Hugh B.] Brown, to Franklin Richards, and to President [N. Eldon] Tanner. In short, well known by the Democrats. President Tanner, in particular, had proposed him for the apostle vacancy when Hugh Brown died, but Elder [Ezra Taft] Benson was opposed and Elder [David B.] Haight was sustained instead. This time, he was pushed again by Elder Tanner, and Elder Benson was not so vigorous, and so the appointment went through.

2. Elder Benson was brought into the Quorum [of Twelve] through the influence of President [J. Reuben] Clark, although President Clark did not like him, and distrusted him because of his support of [farm] cooperatives. He [Clark] regarded these as, somehow, one step in the direction of Communism. He was not close to Elder Benson and often argued with him. Elder Clark was a brilliant and persuasive man and, ultimately, may have won Elder Benson over to a conservative position. Brother Benson's swing to ultra conservatism after his service in the [Dwight D.] Eisenhower cabinet [as Secretary of Agriculture] was probably [due to] his disillusionment and disgust with the climate in Washington. He didn't like dealing with the blacks and the Jews, the Commies and ultra liberals and others. And thought their influence satanic and inordinately strong. He was deeply impressed with the revelations of the [Joseph] McCarthy era, and apparently believed most of the charges made by McCarthy, J. Edgar Hoover, and others. He'd seen enough of this sort of thing in Washington to believe it.

3. President Tanner says he is tired, tired, and would like to be released. My friend thinks there is good likelihood that Presidents Tanner and [Marion G.] Romney may be put on emeritus status at the next conference. [[Tanner remained a member of the First Presidency until his death in November 1982, Romney until two and a half years before his death in May 1988.]] Leave them in the Twelve to soften things a little.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

110 years ago today - Oct 20, 1908

[George F. Richards]
... I attended the wedding reception of my niece May Grover and one Mr. Nott ... The marriage ceremony was performed by B[isho]p. Morris of the 11th Ward, the ward in which Bro[ther]. Nott has his standing. They had requested me to perform the ceremony but the First Presidency had recently ruled that the Twelve should not solemnize marriages outside the temples I had to excuse myself.

[George F. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - Oct 20, 1903

Death of Green Flake [in Idaho Falls], African-American slave who drove Brigham Young into the Salt Lake Valley on Jul 24, 1847. Green was owned by Mormon James M. Flake who lent him along with a wagon and two mules to the Church for the 1847 trek west. Upon the death of James M. Flake in 1850 his widow moved to California, a free state, but before leaving gave her "Negro slave Green Flake" to the Church as tithing. Green worked two years for Brigham Young and for Heber C. Kimball, and was then granted his freedom. After his wife's death he moved to Idaho. He returned to Salt Lake in 1897 to attend the 50th anniversary "jubilee" celebration of the arrival of the pioneers, where he received a certificate honoring him as a surviving member of the Brigham Young pioneer company. He is one of three slaves listed on the plaque on the Brigham Young monument in downtown Salt Lake City under the category of "Colored Servants."

120 years ago today - Oct 20, 1898

The first plural marriage is performed in Salt Lake City by Apostle Matthias F. Cowley by authorization of Counselor George Q. Cannon who allows him to perform plural marriages in the U.S. for high-ranking church officers not required to travel to Mexico.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Oct 20, 1893

[Franklin D. Richards]
At 11-30 L[orenzo]. S[now]. F[ranklin] D R[ichards], F[rancis] M L[yman], J[ohn]. H[enry]. S[mith]. Geo[rge]. T[easdale]. A[braham] H Cannon'-met the 3 Presidency at their office. A telegram states that 5 persons therein named are reported up to the Attorney General with necessary proof offered of violation of Edmunds Tucker act & warning us to keep clear of any violation thereof. Decided to try & head off prosecutions even at heavy cost [bribing Utah's non-LDS attorney general to prevent indictment of general authorities] for varied & most important reasons of public importance. Spent till after 4. p.m. in considering condition & prospects of Mexican Colonies'-which number 2,008 souls.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Oct 20, 1843

William Clayton writes: "Joseph gave us much instruction, showing the advantages of the E[verlasting] C[ovenant]. He said there was two seals in the Priesthood. The first was that which was placed upon a man and woman when they made the covenant and the other was the seal which alloted to them their particular mansion. After his discourse B. F. Johnson and his wife were united in an everlasting covenant."

20 years ago today - 10/19/1998

BYU Prof Lynn Wardle writes memo to Elder Marlin K. Jensen (Chair, SGM Committee), David E. Sorensen, Loren C. Dunn, Lance B. Wickman (Office of Legal Services), and Richard B. Wirthlin regarding "A Proposal to Amend the U.S. Constitution to Prohibit Same-Sex Marriage" Wardle writes that hed attended a "strategic consultation" about same-sex marriage in which a bunch of anti-same-sex organizations were involved. "We heard very informative reports about the current situation in Hawaii (from Friz Rohlfing), Alaska (from Kevin Clarkson), Vermont (from Tom McCormick), and California (from Andy Pugno), and a summary of the pending lawuit[sic] in New York (from Bill Duncan). There were repeated expressions of appreciation from these persons for the leadership, support and efforts of the LDS Church in responding to the threat of same-sex marriage in those states." Wardle opposed the idea of a national amendment, but was not particularly well-received: "I was listened to politely, but little support (only from Andy Pugno) was expressed for my position." "If there is any bad news in November in Alaska (where things look very favorable at present, thanks largely to the Church's financial support) or Hawaii (where the matter was described as being very close),... or if same-sex marriage is legalized in any other state, some of our allies who oppose same-sex marriage may immediately call for a U.S. constitutional amendment to prohibit same-sex marriage. I thought that you should be aware of that and begin thinking about how the affected agencies and representatives of the Church might respond to that kind of a proposal."

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

130 years ago today - Oct 19, 1888

The following telegram was sent to him [i.e., John T. Caine] in cipher viz. 'John W. Young states leaders Democratic party think we should contribute twenty five thousand to the campaign. Pres[iden]t. [Wilford] Woodruff thinks he should have it direct from them or through one in whom he has more confidence regarding money matters. Pres[iden]t Woodruff absent will be home Monday, when conclusion might be reached. We think $25,000. is more than we can raise in present state of finances, owing to the suits, but are willing to do our best. Will you see what do they expect of us and let us know. Wait till Pres[iden]t Woodruff returns. Joseph F. Smith, James Jack.'

[First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - Oct 19, 1843. Thursday.

[William Clayton]
"[Joseph Smith] began to tell me that E[mma] was turned quite friendly and kind. She had been anointed and he also had been a[nointed] K[ing]. He said that it was her advice that I should keep M[argaret] [Clayton's plural wife who had become pregnant] at home and it was also his council. Says he just keep her at home and brook it and if they raise trouble about it and bring you before me I will give you an awful scourging and probably cut you off from the church and then I will baptise you and set you ahead as good as ever."

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

25 years ago today - Oct 17, 1993

The First Presidency issues a statement concerning procedures for disfellowshipment and excommunication. The 1995-1996 Church Almanac states that this was in response to "extensive publicity given to six recent Church disciplinary councils in Utah." Coordinated by instruction from the Strengthening the Members Committee and Apostle Boyd K. Packer to their stake presidents, six scholars and feminists had been excommunicated or disfellowshipped in September.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

50 years ago today - Oct 17, 1968

Belle Smith Spafford, general president of the Relief Society, is elected president of the National Council of Women in its eightieth anniversary year. She serves to 1970.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

80 years ago today - Oct 17, 1938

[Heber J. Grant Presidency]
[Heber J. Grant, J. Reuben Clark Jr., and David O. McKay to Stake and Mission Presidents, Oct. 17, 1938, in MFP, 6:60-61; emphasis in original] Some unfortunate and untoward incidents following the giving of endowments to wives of Church members who have not been through the temple, and to the wives of non-members, have brought this matter again in review by the Council of the First Presidency and the Twelve. ... Hereafter you will not give a recommend, under any circumstances, to a wife whose husband is not a member of the Church. ... You will give recommends to wives of members of the Church who have not had their endowments only if the husband is absolutely willing that the endowment should be given to his wife. You will therefore be expected personally to interview the husband in order to assure yourself that he has no objection whatever, and, in addition, he must express his willingness and consent in writing. This written consent must be attached to the recommend itself, which must be signed by the Bishop of the Ward and the President of the Stake, or, in the case of people living in the missions, by the President of the Branch and the President of the Mission. Unless these requirements are fully complied with, it will not be possible for the woman so recommended to go into the Temple. ...

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

120 years ago today - Oct 17, 1898

[Abraham Owen Woodruff]
Delivered the Seer-stone that was used by the Prophet Joseph [Smith] and handed down from him to Brigham [Young], John [Taylor] and then to my Father [i.e., Wilford Woodruff] to Pres[iden]t. Lorenzo Snow.

[Abraham Owen Woodruff Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Oct 17, 1893

[President Wilford Woodruff]
I Met with GQC. JFS with several of the Twelve & McCallister, D. H. Cannon M W Merrill who preside over the Three Temples & L Snow of Salt Lake Temple & spent three hours in harmanizing the Different M[ode?]s of Ceremonies in giving Endowments.

<I burned up> $10,000,000 Notes.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Oct 17, 1893

The Democratic Salt Lake Herald (of which Apostle Heber J. Grant is vice-president) reportsthe meeting of an "Afro-American Club, recently organized here for the purpose of promoting the social and political interests of the colored people of this city." The club's leader comments that "the [anti-Mormon] Liberal party had always treated the Afro-Americans WITH DISDAIN."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

180 years ago today - Oct. 17-19, 1838

A snowstorm hits Missouri. Col. Hinkle and his 100 men march to Adam-ondi-Ahman to join forces with Lyman Wight. There they hear that the nearby town of Millport has been attacked and several houses burned. General Parks of the state militia gives Lyman Wight official orders to disperse any mobs around Adam-ondi-Ahman and Millport. Lyman Wight and Captain David Patten each command a force of about 60 men, and Wight takes his and heads for Millport, while Patten heads for Gallatin. Patten's men find a cannon left by the mobs. Houses and stores are burned, the mobs blaming the Mormons and the Mormons saying the mobs burned their own houses in order to blame the Mormons.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

15 years ago today - Oct 16, 2003

Utah's Attorney General Mark Shurtleff, backed by the Peace Officer Standards and Training Council, announces his intention to investigate the Hildale police force and recommends decertification for all officers who have multiple wives.

[Gartner, Hana, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Timeline: History of Polygamy]

110 years ago today - Oct 16, 1908

[James Henry Martineau]
Attended a reunion of Temple workers, at which the wid. of W. W. Phelps was present and spoke in tongues.

[An Uncommon Common Pioneer: The Journals of James Henry Martineau 1828-1918, edited by Donald G. Godfrey XXX Rebecca S. Martineau-McCarty]

120 years ago today - Oct 16, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
"Related special manifestations to me at the time of my son Heber's death, also my wifes'."

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Oct 16, 1888

[Heber J. Grant]
... Prest Cannon's atty had a private interview with him and he was decidedly in favor of our aiding in the election of Grover Cleveland for President.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

150 years ago today - Oct 16, 1868 (Friday)

Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution commenced operation in Salt Lake City, with Brigham Young as president. Co-operative stores were shortly afterwards opened in most of the towns and settlements of the Territory.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

50 years ago today - Oct 15, 1968

[David O. McKay]
It was reported that requests have been received for permission to issue temple recommends to women to go to the temple to receive their endowments who are not divorced but have been separated from their husbands for some years and have not heard from them during that period of separation, nor do they know where they are. President [N. Eldon] Tanner said it was his feeling that where the law of the state where the parties reside says that a man who has deserted his wife and has not been heard of for a designated number of years is considered dead, that the woman in such a case should be given a recommend to the temple to receive her endowments. I concurred that under conditions of this kind the woman should be granted permission to go to the Temple to receive her endowments if she is otherwise worthy.

[David O. McKay diary, Oct. 15, 1968, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - Oct 15, 1903

Brigham Young Academy became Brigham Young University.

[Ludlow, Daniel H. editor, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan Publishing, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History, http://amzn.to/eG0DIp]

120 years ago today - Oct 15, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Had a private and pleasant interview with Pres[ident]. L[orenzo]. Snow on U[nited]. O[rder]. I bel[ie]ve the Lord has something for us concerning this principle for Pres[ident]. L[orenzo]. is well qualified to be the medium to His people in begin[in]g to establish this order preparatory to 'Redeeming Zion' God grant we may have a little of this principle as we can stand it, and work into it understandingly. How I long for this day to come when Zion shall be redeemed. God grant I may grow with it and be with the Redeemed of the Lord.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Oct 15, 1888

[Heber J. Grant]
This evening in company with Chas W. Penrose I called on Bro Joseph F. Smith and we talked with him regarding the necessity of our people paying $25,000 to the Democratic fund to aid in the election of Pres Cleveland. He was decidedly in favor of our doing so and suggested that I remain and make a second collection from our statehood funds instead of going to Emery County on Wednesday as per my former programme.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

145 years ago today - Oct 15, 1873 (Wednesday)

A.H. Brown, chief of police in Provo, was shot by Harrison Carter, a notorious renegade, who escaped, but was afterwards caught in Nevada, brought to Salt Lake City and imprisoned.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Oct 15, 1853

[Hosea Stout]
News from Salt Lake says the indians have killed two whites & still hostile. Salt Lake being walled in

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Oct 15, 1843

Joseph Smith preaches, "The only fault I find with the Constitution is, it is not broad enough to cover the whole ground. Although it provides that all men shall enjoy religious freedom, yet it does not provide the manner by which that freedom can be preserved, nor for the punishment of Government officers who refuse to protect the people in their religious rights, or punish those mobs, states, or communities who interfere with the rights of the people on account of their religion."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - (Mon) Oct 15, 1838

Joseph Smith formed a military company which marched to Daviess County under command of David W. Patten. Parley P. Pratt and others.

Battle of Crooked Creek between Mormons and Samuel Bogart's troop of State Militia. Three Mormons (David W. Patten, Gideon Carter, and Patrick O'Banion) were killed trying to rescue captives. One of Bogart's men was killed.

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

120 years ago today - Oct 14, 1898; Friday

[Brigham Young Jr.]
The gentiles are awfully made angry at me for preaching at Con[ference]. "beware of the leaven of the gentiles." and gentile leaven is like ink poured in pure water to the faith of the saints. My, what a row my sermon has created. If the brethren will keep their hand off me as true as the Lord liveth I will preach what He gives me.

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary]

180 years ago today - 14-Oct 15, 1838

Joseph Smith made his "... religion by the sword" statement at Far West, MO. Rigdon said that any Mormon who refused fight the Missourians should be forced to do just that, in the front ranks of battle.

He and Sidney Rigdon call upon Mormon troops to ride to Diahman to protect the Saints. Four hundred soldiers march to Daviess County.

[LeSueur, Stephen C., The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri, Appendix: Chronology of Events in Missouri, 1838-1839;Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

10 years ago today - October 13

[Propisition-8]
Sacramento Bee reports "[Mormon] Church members have donated about 40 percent of the $22.8 million raised to pass the initiative since July, according to Frank Schubert, campaign manager for ProtectMarriage.com, the primary backer of the "yes" campaign." Some have said that this article, and the Mormon couple interviewed, was a "wake up call" to the No on 8 campaign about the depth of individual Mormon participation.

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

10 years ago today - October 13

[Proposition-8]
Idaho television reports about organizing by the Mormon church in their area to operate phone banks to reach California voters.

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

145 years ago today - Oct 13, 1873

The Salt Lake City School of the Prophets discusses the practice of Patriarch John Smith and others who ordain infant boys to priesthood. Second counselor Daniel H. Wells "said some had ordained children when they thought they would die-this had been a comfort to some parents, though there was no law or revelation given for or against it, consequently he could not see any harm or wrong in having it done, neither could he think there was any particular virtue in it."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Oct 13, 1843

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith allowed Dr. Turner, a phrenologist, to examine his head for about an hour.

10 years ago today - October 12

[Proposition-8]
Mormon Jyl Holiday makes comment on blog that in her congregation "they have us knocking doors to warn people about it. Calling like telemarketers, and EVERY talk is about Prop 8, every RS, priesthood class is based around the proposition, it is starting to deterr members from even going to church. I TOTALLY see why the general presidency is asking for us to fight here in CA, but some of the members feel that it is just too much of shoving down the throught for them to handle."

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

25 years ago today - Oct 12, 1993-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Let me here record that I was told by an "insider" that Elder [Boyd K.] Packer, some time ago, had told Jon Huntsman, president of Monument Park Stake [Salt Lake City], that he must excommunicate a certain person. President Huntsman said he would not like to do it. They argued a little. Finally, insistent on having his way, Elder Packer told him, "Excommunicate that person or I will excommunicate you." President Huntsman held the trial and excommunicated him....

We had Mike Quinn for dinner at our house last evening and were assured that he will continue to work on his two books and on articles dealing with Mormon history. He did not seem to be upset particularly; he seemed to think it was inevitable. These excommunications are the worst examples of blaming the messenger for the message. What a perversion of apostasy, to regard as apostates individuals who are as loyal and believing as Mike, Lavina [Fielding Anderson], Paul [Toscano], and [Avraham] Gileadi. (I don't know [Lynne] Whitesides or Maxine Hanks enough to know what their beliefs are.) I feel like singing, "Oh Say What is Truth?"

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

55 years ago today - Oct 12, 1963

The Polynesian Cultural Center, located near the Church College of Hawaii and the temple in Laie, Hawaii, was dedicated.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

60 years ago today - Oct 12, 1958

Regarding suggestions that Benson run for President, McKay said "A Just keep on as you are, and we'll wait for the Lord to tell us what the future holds." "A Do not seek the candidacy; let them come to you and if they do, we shall consider it."

[Gary James Bergera, "Weak-Kneed Republicans and Socialist Democrats": Ezra Taft Benson as U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1953-61, Part 2, Dialogue : A Journal of Mormon Thought, (Winter 2008, vol 41)]

120 years ago today - Oct 12, 1898

[J. Golden Kimball]
At 6 P.M. met with the General Board of the Y.M.M.I.A. at the Presidents office. ... We got along very nicely, until Bro[ther Grant wanted his brother B[righam] F. Grant to be assistant manager of the 'Improvement Era,' and unintentionally said, if I can get him there, the Gen[era]'l Board will find him so useful that they will want him to be one of the General Board. B[righam] F. Grant was a wicked man about a year ago and because he has repented and is a brother to Heber J Grant we have to have him crowded on us, and hear of him on all occasions. My brother Solomon has repented for sixteen years and received no recognition at all.

[J. Golden Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Oct 12, 1888

Wilford Woodruff and apostles vote to allow Idaho Mormons to be excommunicated in order to vote. They regret this decision within three weeks.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Oct 12, 1883

[Wilford Woodruff]
This was a day of fasting and Prayer with the leaders of the Church. I took a Bath and wash in the Morning and went to the Endowment House at 9 oclok to receive the washing of feet as it was done in Kirtland 47 years ago By the Prophet Joseph Smith as an Initiatory ordinance into the school of the Prophets. Remarks were made By the Presidency & others. President John Taylor washed the feet of Zebedee Coltrin as He was the ownly man living that was in the first school of the Prophets organized by Joseph Smith in Kirtland /in 1833/. Then Zebedee Coultrin washed the feet of Presidet Taylor. Then Presidet Taylor washed the feet of his two Councillors & all the Twelve Apostles except C. C. Rich who was sick & John Henry Smith in England. He washed the feet of 38 in all. At the Close of this Ceremony we partook of Bread & wine as a sacrament as they did in the Temple in Kirtland which Closed the labor of the day.

[Heber J. Grant] At 9 A.M. met as per appointment in the Endowment House with the First Presidency, Twelve, Counselor Wells, Prests of Stakes & 4 others'we had met together fasting and for the purpose of organizing the School of the Prophets'Last evening or this morning all had taken a bath & put on clean cloth garments'excepting Bros Wells and Smoot, they knew nothing of this requirement. Prest Taylor requested them to bathe and change their garments.

[J.D.T. McAllister] President Taylor addressed us on the order of the School of the Prophets, and washed, our feet pronouncing us clean from the blood of this generation and sealing upon us all the rights powers and priveleges associated with this ordinance. we then partook of the Sacrement. bread and wine. enough to eat and drink. He went through the form of receiving the members of the School Himself Counselors G.Q. Cannon J F Smith chosen President. Teacher of the school and assistant retained to Moroni.

[George Q. Cannon diary, Church Historian's Press]: We all met fasting [148 words redacted relating to a sacred ritual]. The spirit of God was powerfully poured out, and all felt subdued and to rejoice. After this ceremony was finished, bread and wine were brought in. Prest. Taylor, myself, and Bro. Joseph F. Smith proceeded to break the bread, dividing a loaf into about three pieces, which Prest. Taylor invoked a blessing upon. Bro. Joseph F. Smith and myself distributed the bread to the brethren. After sitting [and] eating at the bread for a while, we then proceeded to distribute a gallon of wine for those who were present, there being thirty[-]eight of us. This gave each a small wine-glass-ful, upon which, also, President Taylor invoked a blessing. This is a day long to be remembered. I never had such feelings in my life. All felt the power of God to a wonderful extent. We felt linked together in the bonds of love, and that we were brethren united together by the holiest of covenants and the strongest of ties. After having partaken of the sacrament all the brethren withdrew into the celestial room with the exception of Prest. Taylor. We remained there about five minutes to give him time to offer up prayer, and then we proceeded up stairs and he delivered to us the salutation found in section 88 of the Book of Doctrine & Covenants with uplifted hands to heaven, and in response I, in behalf of the brethren, gave him the salutation with all our hands uplifted to heaven; after which we adjourned.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies;The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015;Diary Excerpts of J.D.T. McAllister, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies;The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

175 years ago today - Oct 12, 1843

Date given by William Law (on May 23, 1844) when indicting Joseph Smith as the beginning of adulterous relations between him and his plural wife Maria Lawrence. (The reason for choosing this date is unclear according to current research.)

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

185 years ago today - Oct 12, 1833

Perrysburg, New York. While at Freeman Nickerson's, Joseph Smith received Doctrine & Covenants 100, a revelation concerning his and Sidney Rigdon's missionary labors.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

25 years ago today - Oct 11, 1993

Steve Benson goes public concerning a conversation he had earlier with Apostle Dallin Oaks concerning Apostle Boyd K. Packer contacting Paul Toscano's stake president, Kerry Heinz, concerning Toscano's disciplinary council. Oaks had publicly stated that "if Elder Packer is having any conversation with" President Heinz, "it is contrary to what I know about Elder Packer and how he operates." Benson states that Oaks had previously told him that Packer had contacted Heinz and that, "You can't stage manage a grizzly bear," adding that "it was a mistake for Packer to meet with Heinz and a mistake for Heinz to ask for the meeting."

50 years ago today - Oct 11, 1968

Brother Garff [of the building commitee] mentioned that ... There are 30%, or 785,000 people who do not have access to a temple. ... Elder Garff said that he felt that what we should do is bring the temple to the additional membership of the Church. He said it was the committee's proposal that we buy a ship and outfit the ship and make it a temple ship and that we take this ship to the ports of the earth where our people are. He said that with a ship we could outfit a temple and take that temple to 30%. Included in the 30% would be people in the United States who are not accessible to the temple and those throughout the world. He said that this could be done for between a million and a half and two million dollars, that a ship could be purchased and remodeled and that we could get the crew and could sail the seas at about a half a million dollars a year. ... He said that such a ship could travel up the Mississippi and the Missouri rivers and that the entire inland part of the United States could be covered. ... He expressed the view that once every year or every eighteen or nineteen months we could touch all of these particular areas with the vessel. ...

Elder [Alvin R.] Dyer mentioned a matter that he said bothered him somewhat[,] and that was [that] in the very early days of the Church the Prophet Joseph had said that the waters would be cursed, that he did not know exactly what that might mean but that we should not be insensible to that. ...

The brethren said that they should not do this at the present time. The brethren were agreed that the matter was deserving of careful consideration.

[Alvin R. Dyer, minutes of a meeting with the First Presidency, President McKay's apartment, recorded in Elder Dyer's diary, Oct. 11, 1968, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

60 years ago today - Oct 11, 1958, at 8:00 am

Q: These interviews are important. In some instances while I was a stake president, applicants became very disturbed about the patriarch's interview and felt he was entitled to inspiration from the Lord. If there is anything to receiving inspiration, it seems to me that a patriarch should be careful of the questions he asks so he does not mislead them. Many times they came to me disturbed about the questions asked by the patriarch.

A: You don't need to question his morality. You can question about his family. If you know all about him, perhaps you don't need to interview him.

... Q: It seems a patriarch might be influenced by some of the answers to the questions.

A: He should be influenced. For instance, a man comes in for a blessing; he comes from the bishop who has given him a recommend for the blessing. That does not prevent the patriarch from asking him about his family or his ancestry. It does not prevent the patriarch from asking, if he holds the priesthood. There are many questions that the patriarch can ask. He doesn't have to quiz him regarding his conduct.

[Digest of the Minutes of the Meeting of the Patriarchs of the Church With the General Authorities Held in the Barratt Hall, Salt Lake City, Utah, Saturday, October 11, 1958, at 8:00 a.m.]

125 years ago today - Oct 11, 1893

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]
I taught Sister Mary Ann Price Hyde that is was not a sin but a virtue for a man to live with and have children by his plural wife. There was nothing wrong about it only in being caught by the law. A man should be brave enough to run some chances. She acknowledged she had taken the wrong view of it and gladly stood corrected. I did the same for Aunt Bathseba Smith.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 11, 1888

[John C. Whitmer]
"I have heard my grandmother (Mary M[usselman]. Whitmer) say on several occasions that she was shown the plates of the Book of Mormon by an holy angel, whom she always called Brother Nephi. (She undoubtedly refers to Moroni, the angel who had the plates in charge.) It was at the time, she said, when the translation was going on at the house of the elder Peter Whitmer, her husband. ... One evening, when (after having done her usual day's work in the house) she went to the barn to milk the cows, she met a stranger carrying something on his back that looked like a knapsack. At first she was a little afraid of him, but when he spoke to her in a kind, friendly tone, and began to explain to her the nature of the work which was going on in her house, she was filled with unexpressible joy and satisfaction. He then untied his knapsack and showed her a bundle of plates, which in size and appearance corresponded with the description subsequently given by the witness to the Book of Mormon. This strange person turned the leaves of the book of plates over, leaf after leaf, and also showed her the engravings upon them...

[Andrew Jenson, "Still Another Witness," Historical Record 7 (October 1888): 621, as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: John C. Whitmer Interview With Andrew Jenson And Edward Stevenson]

135 years ago today - Oct 11, 1883

[Heber J. Grant]
In the evening at 8 p.m. the First Presidency and our Quorum met in Prest Taylor's office and the revelation given to Prest Taylor last April was read for the benefit of those that did not hear it at our meeting Octr 4th. The Iron Mines The Beck Silver Mine and other matters were talked of.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Oct 11, 1883

[Woodruff account:] Zebedee Coltrin related a vision in the Temple in Kirtland After the school of the Prophets was organized. He said while sitting in Council a personage passed through the room dressed in usual Clothing. Joseph said that was the Savior. Soon another personage passed through the House Clothed in fire. His features & feet were visable but his body was wrapted in flames. Joseph said that was God the Father. He said He was with Joseph & another Man in the woods praying and Heavens was opened and they saw a Man sitting upon a Throne whose hair was white as wool & a woman sitting beside of him Both dressed in white. Joseph said it was Adam & Eve.

[Franklin D. Richards report:] ... in Kirtland [Ohio] in 1833'related visions of Father & the Son appearing to them'of seeing the Heavens opened & with Joseph [Smith] & Oliver [Cowdery] seeing Adam & Eve on a glorious throne also of Reynolds Cahoon transparency [sic?].

[Minutes: School of the Prophets:] Once after returning from a mission, he [Zebedee Coltrin] met Bro. Joseph in Kirtland, who asked him if he did not wish to go with him to a conference at New Portage. The party consisted of Prests. Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Oliver Cowdery and myself. Next morning at New Portage, he noticed that Joseph seemed to have a far off look in his eyes, or was looking at a distance, and presently he, Joseph, stepped between Brothers Cowdery, and Coltrin and taking them by the arm, said, "lets take a walk." They went to a place where there was some beautiful grass, and grapevines and swampbeech interlaced. President Joseph Smith then said, "Let us pray." They all three prayed in turn--Joseph, Oliver and Zebedee. Bro. Joseph then said, "now brethren we will see some visions." Joseph lay down on the ground on his back and stretched out his arms and the two brethren lay on them. The heavens gradually opened, and they saw a golden throne, on a circular foundation, something like a light house, and on the throne were two aged personages, having white hair, and clothed in white garments. They were the two most beautiful and perfect specimens of mankind he ever saw. Joseph said, They are our first parents, Adam and Eve. Adam was a large broad shouldered man, and Eve as a woman, was as large in proportion.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies;Franklin D. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015; Salt Lake School of the Prophet, Minutes, 1883, pp. 69-70; CHO CR/390/1/Box 1, Oct 11, 1883.]

180 years ago today - Oct 11, 1838

DeWitt falls to 400 vigilantes from Carroll and five other counties. Mormons flee to Far West. [During the siege some perished from starvation.]

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

115 years ago today - Oct 10, 1903

[Apostle Rudger Clawson]
[Thirteen years after the manifesto] Talks with Lydia about marrying plural wife and receives permission to do so.

[Larsen, Stan (editor), A Ministry of Meetings:The Apostolic Diaries of Rudger Clawson, Significant Mormon Diaries Series No. 6, A Rudger Clawson Chronology, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Oct 10, 1898

Lorenzo Snow is "set apart" (not ordained) as church president, and his counselors are also set apart. This is the first time that members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles are set apart for service in the First Presidency. Rudger Clawson is ordained an apostle, the first convicted felon to become a member of the Quorum of the Twelve.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Oct 10, 1898; Monday

[Heber J. Grant]
Pres[iden]t Jos[eph] F Smith then remarked that he felt that he wanted to testify that in the setting apart of the President and his counselors and the President of the Apostles that we had done the right thing.

Felt that in not doing it in the case of President [Wilford] Woodruff that we had failed to do something which he felt should have been done. ...

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Oct 10, 1898; Monday

Pres[ident]. Snow having previously expressed himself to the effect that he felt he should be set apart to preside over the Church, this was now done; ... Pres[ident]. Cannon spoke as follows:

["]Pres[ident]. Lorenzo Snow, we your fellow-servants of the Most High God, possessed of the Apostleship, which you have received through your Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, lay our hands upon thy head to bless thee and to set thee apart to preside over the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints; that in connection with thy counselors, thou mayest preside over the body of the Church, according to the revelations of the Lord Jesus Christ concerning his Church; and that thou mayest be filled by the power of God, and be entitled to the revelations of the Lord Jesus and give the mind and will of God to the Church; to impart unto them from time to time that knowledge concerning the will of God that shall be communicated to them. And every gift, every grace and qualification that has ever rested down upon a man chosen by the Lord to fill this exalted station, we seal upon thee at this time.

["]We reconfirm upon thee all thy former blessings, and all the powers and the authority and ordinations; and every power that pertains to the everlasting Priesthood and to the Presidency of the Church of Christ, we seal upon thee, and ask God our Father to confirm this sealing and this setting apart, that thou mayest be filled with the new power, yea with increased power, to go forth and magnify thy calling in the midst of the Church of Christ and among thy fellow-servants; and that the Lord will communicate with thee from time to time everything necessary for the perfect government of his Church; that thou mayest exercise all the keys and the authority that have been exercised heretofore by thy predecessors--by Wilford Woodruff, by John Taylor, by Brigham Young, and by Joseph Smith, and which he (Joseph Smith) sealed upon his fellow-Apostles.

["]We pray thee, O God our Eternal Father, to hear us thy servants and to look at our hearts and our desires and forgive our feebleness and imperfections; for we desire to bless this thy servant with every blessing that we have authority to invoke in his behalf, and we humbly ask thee to confirm this blessing upon his head, and to fill him with thy power from the crown of his head to the soles of his feet; that he may be set apart to this important office and

exercise all its functions to thine acceptance and to the satisfaction of his fellow-servants and of thy Saints.

["]All these blessings, Father, we seal upon him; and we say unto thee, Brother Lorenzo, receive thou the same, in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the authority of the Holy Apostleship, which we hold, even so, Amen.["] ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Monday, Oct 10, 1893

[George Q. Cannon] urged the brethren not to become heated in politics, but to be calm in all they do. ...

He believes the time will come when marriages will occur in our temples under the Aaronic Priesthood, instead of giving to young and inexperienced men all the blessings belonging to the Higher Priesthood. It is frequently the case now that unworthy persons go into the temples on recommends, which they should not receive, but it cannot well be prohibited them to enter, because of their family connections. ...

Men should not sell their honor, their wife's virtue or their inheritances. We should hold all of these sacred.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

130 years ago today - Oct 10, 1888 (Wednesday)

The hearing in the Idaho test case was commenced before Judge C.H. Berry, at Blackfoot, Idaho. The decision rendered the following day was practically to the effect that no "Mormons" hereafter could vote in Idaho.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

10 years ago today - 10/9/2008

[Same-Sex Marriage]
The Mormon Times reports about the Oct. 8th broadcast:... Elder Cook said ... [regarding the church's position on gay marriage], "There are (also) faithful, temple worthy members of the church who struggle with this great challenge, often in silence, fear and great pain."

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

30 years ago today - Oct 9, 1988

"A secret combination that seeks to overthrow the freedom of all lands, nations, and countries is increasing its evil influence and control over America and the entire world," Benson told October 1988 general conference.

[Benson, "I Testify," Ensign 18 (Nov. 1988): 87. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

120 years ago today - Oct 9, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
Gusta, my cousin Anthony W. Ivins and I chatted until 1115. Speaking of plural marriage he said there were quite a number of them being performed in Mexico. Said he was on hand and willing to take another wife if his brethren felt that it was the wisest thing to do under all the circumstances. He had no desire for another wife, but at the same time had a strong desire to [not] to fail in doing any duty devolving upon him and he wanted me and my fellow apostles to know that he was on hand to perform any and every duty required of him.

Had all his life accepted in his heart of plural marriage and was making an effort to get another wife when the Manifesto came along.

I was glad to have him say this much.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

120 years ago today - Sunday, Oct 9, 1898

[John Henry Smith]
... All [votes] were unanimous but in the case of John W. Taylor. Some few voted against him for remarks made on Friday about [the high level of fornication in the ] Kamas Ward and the Salt Lake Tabernacle Choir.

Bro. John W. Taylor at the close of the meeting met with the choir and arranged his trouble with them.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

125 years ago today - Oct 9, 1893

[Francis M. Lyman]
Pres[ident] Cannon ... spoke much and sharply against Christian science and the doctrine of reincarnation of the Styners. ... then we walked with bro[ther] Roberts to the Historians office. On our way I warned him it was dangerous to be too friendly with Maggie Ship. I said you have both been married and you should be very careful. Hence I felt I should warn you. He smiling said, if I would keep the secret he would tell me. I promised and he said, "we are married" I was very ready to say, "all right and the joke is on me."

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Oct 9, 1883

[Franklin D. Richards]
At 10 Attended meeting of the Pres[iden]ts. of Stakes Twelve & Pres[id]enc[. ]Subjects dwelt upon ... were heineousness of Adultery, Fornication, Masturbation, & concomitants'-and publication of the Excommunicated'... At 7-P.M. Met again as adjourned & heard further discussion of the same subjects & also of self-pollution of both sexes & excessive indulgence in the married relation necessity[ ]of recommends to Saints removing from one Ward to another also the sin of Saints Sending their children to Gentile Schools.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

150 years ago today - Oct 9, 1868

Brigham Young adjourns the Council of Fifty. He never reconvenes it again.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Oct 9, 1848

[Nauvoo Temple]
An arsonist set fire to the Temple. The Keoukuk Register reported that "Great volumes of smoke and flames burst from the windows, and the crash of falling timbers was distinctly heard on the opposite side of the [Mississippi] river. The interior of the building was like a furnace, the walls of solid masonry were heated throughout and cracked by the intense heat. The melted zinc and lead were dropping from its high block during the day." ...

Brigham Young later said of the arson, "I hoped to see it burned before I left, but I did not. I was glad when I heard of its being destroyed by fire, and of the walls having fallen in, and said, 'Hell, you cannot now occupy it.'"

[The ruins would be leveled by a tornado in 1850.]

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Oct 9, 1843

[Joseph Smith]
Could you gaze in[to] heaven 5 minutes you would know more than you possibly /would/ can know by read[ing] all that ever was written on the subject. We are one [and all] only capable of comprehending that certain things exist which we may acquire by certain fixed principles. ... The spirits of just men are made ministering servants to those who are sealed unto life eternal. It is through them that the sealing power comes down.

The spirit of Patriarch Adam now is /one of/ the spirits of the just men made [perfect] and if revealed now, must be revealed in fire. ...

Flesh and blood cannot go there but flesh and bones quickened by the Spirit of God can. If we would be sober and watch in fasting and prayer, God would turn away sickness from our midst, Hasten the work of the Temple, and all the work of the Last Days. Let the Elders and Saints do away [with] light mindedness and be sober.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843-44, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

55 years ago today - Oct 8, 1963

BYU professor of English [Ralph Britch] wrote: "Even my conservative friends on the faculty are disturbed by Elder Benson's Birch activities . . ."

[Ralph A. Britsch to Ralph R. Harding, 8 Oct. 1963, photocopies in folder 2, box 4, King Papers. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Oct 8, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
Pres. [Joseph F.] Smith withdrew with his counselors after instructing Elder Jno. H. Smith to deliver the charge to the new apostle. Elder Jno. H. Smith, addressing Elder Geo. A. Smith, said in part. You should understand that you are now wedded to a tie stronger than life or death. You are subject to the counsel and direction of the Presidency and your quorum, and your field of action is the whole world. You are to attend your quorum meetings regularly. It is presumed that you accept all the principles of the gospel and that you accept and sustain with your whole soul the First Presidency as now organized, and that you accept and sustain Francis M. Lyman as president of the quorum of the Twelve with the members thereof. You are to respond to the calls of the Presidency though it should take you from a sickbed, though it should cost you your life. The obligation is placed upon you to express when called upon clearly and boldly your views even though you may differ with your brethren, but you must in all cases submit to the decisions and judgment of your quorum. It is your duty to preach the gospel and lead an exemplary life. It is your duty to serve God and fear no man.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Saturday, Oct 8, 1898

At the request of Prest. [Lorenzo] Snow, the Apostles handed to him suggestions of brethren whom they would like to be chosen to fill the vacancy in the quorum of the Apostles. Prest. Snow and his Counselors then withdrew to consider the names. After their return I (Heber J. Grant) have recorded in my journal the following:

... Said: I know that we have the mind of the Lord, and I know it just as perfectly as I have ever Known anything. The man we have chosen, and upon whom we are perfectly united, is Rudger Clawson. Prest. Franklin D. Richards moved that we sustain the choice of the Presidency and the motion was unanimously sustained.

Prest. Snow then said he wanted to say something about Rudger Clawson. Said that when he was in the Penitentiary he became intimately acquainted with Bro. Clawson and learned his worth. ... When Bro. Standing was killed the man in charge of the mob ordered them to turn their guns on Bro. Clawson and fire. Bro. Clawson closed his eyes and waited for a moment or two, expecting to have the bullets of the assassins crash through his brain. When they did not fire, he opened his eyes and saw the guns were still pointing at him, but the leader countermanded the order to fire.

Brother Clawson during his long confinement in the "Pen" (3 yrs., I mo., 10 days) for plural marriage made a good record. ...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

130 years ago today - Oct 8, 1888

Nevada Supreme Court declares as unconstitutional Nevada's law which denies the vote to anyone "who is a member of or belongs to the 'Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints,' commonly called the 'Mormon Church'..."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Oct 8, 1883

[Heber J. Grant]
Yesterday morning I made it a subject of prayer as to who I should endeavor to secure for a second wife I felt that the time had come when I should again make an attempt to practice plural marriage.

I wrote a number of names on pieces of paper and on one 'neither'. I put the papers in my pocket and prayed earnestly th to my Heavenly Father that I might draw the paper from my pocket with the name of the Sister on it that He desired me to try and secure for a second wife and provided He did not wish me to try to get either of the persons whose names I had written I asked that I might draw the name paper with 'neither' written on it'I drew the paper with 'Miss Winters' on it 'Miss Winters is almost a stranger to me' I simply know her enough to speak when we meet, but my slight acquaintance has been enough to make me think her just such a person as I should like for a wife.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

145 years ago today - Oct 8, 1873

President Brigham Young pronounced the following benediction: According to the authority of the Holy Priesthood vested in me, I bless this congregation in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, the brethren, my counselors, and the Apostles, with all the officers of the Church and Kingdom of God. ... I bless you, my brethren and sisters, and all that pertain to you. And I bless the human family according to the authority that the Lord has bestowed upon me; and if it would do any good, I would ask the Father in the name of Jesus to make them honest, and to open their eyes and their ears and their hearts to receive the truth, that they might be messengers of salvation upon the earth and be prepared for a glorious resurrection. But they are as they are, and I bless them and pray that the Lord will bless them and have com- passion upon them who have not sinned against the Holy Ghost, that they may be saved in the kingdom or kingdoms of our God. You are dismissed. -- SLC Tabernacle

[Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City; 1850-current. 22:585, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

150 years ago today - Oct 8, 1868

At 7-30 p.m., the First Presidency and Twelve met this evening. This was the first time for thirty two years that the members of the quorum of the Twelve have all been together.

[Church's Historian's Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Oct 8, 1843

Patriarchal Blessing of William A. Martindale given by Hyrum Smith ... For behold thou art William and this is the name by which you will be called. Yet never-the-less there is a new name by which you shall be called, also, if you enter in through the gate into the city in the day of purification. When the sons of Moses and Aaron shall be purified.

For ye are of Aaron and of the lineage and loins of Levi and an heir unto that inheritance and your blessing cometh according to the Praphetic [Prophetic] Visions of your fathers... the Priesthood shall have there [the] honor and your name be peretuated [perpetuated] from generation to generations. ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - Oct 8, 1843

Sidney Rigdon: Formally charged with apostasy at general conference 6 Oct. 1843 where Joseph Smith Jr. recommended that he be rejected as counselor, but re-sustained by conference 8 Oct. 1843 (Joseph Smith Jr. had already anointed William Law and Amasa M Lyman as counselors in his place)

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

October 8th 1843

Spirits can only be revealed in flaming fire or glory. Angels have advanced further, their light and glory being tabernacled; and hence they appear in bodily shape. The spirits of just men are made ministering servants to those who are sealed unto life eternal, and it is through them that the sealing power comes down.

Patriarch Adams is now one of the spirits of the just men made perfect; and if revealed now, must be revealed in fire; and the glory could not be endured. Jesus showed Himself to His disciples, and they thought it was His spirit, and they were afraid to approach His spirit. Angels have advanced higher in knowledge and power than spirits.

["History of the Church, 6:51, Joseph Smith, Sunday, October 8th 1843; TPJS, p. 325; Concepts Quotations Dealing With the Origin, Identity Position of Adam Eve"]

10 years ago today - 10/7/2008

[Proposition-8]
"Ryan" who lives in Utah posts comment to blog and states he was in a propaganda video shot by the Mormon church with LDS leader Elder Bednar. He also says, "I live in Utah (though I'm from California) and the church has asked my stake to have 250 member ready to man a call center on the subject." There is no record that the Church paid for any phone banking from Utahns, but Lawrence Research (headed by Gary Lawrence) paid Voter Link of Highland, UT $20,495.38 for phone banking. The Melaleuca company in Rexburg, ID was also involved in phone banking, allowing Idahoans to use its facilities to call California voters.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

55 years ago today - Oct 7, 1963

Hugh B. Brown endorses "full civil rights for any person, regardless of race, color or creed."

["Give Full Civil Equality to All, LDS Counselor Brown Asks," Salt Lake Tribune, 7 Oct. 1963, 1; Hugh B. Brown, "The Fight Between Good and Evil," Improvement Era 66 (Dec. 1963): 1058; Sterling M. McMurrin, "A Note on the 1963 Civil Rights Statement," Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 12 (Summer 1979): 60-63. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - Oct 7, 1963

Dwight Eisenhower ... [praized Senator Harding's] criticism of the former president's cabinet member [Ezra Taft Benson - in a private letter to Harding]

[Eisenhower to Harding, 7 Oct. 1963, photocopy in folder 2, box 4, David S. King Papers, Western Americana, Marriott Library, and in folder 22, box 5, Buerger Papers. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

75 years ago today - Oct 7, 1943

[George F. Richards]
Pres. Grant ordained Spencer Kimball and Ezra T. Benson apostles and set them apart members of the quorum of the Twelve. We then repaired to the Temple excepting Pres. Grant & Pres. Clark, the latter being out of the State. By request of Pres. McKay, I instructed the brethren on the tokens &c.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

90 years ago today - Oct 7, 1928

Louise Yates Robison is called as the seventh general president of the Relief Society.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

120 years ago today - Oct 7, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
F D Richards ... In his opinion wars are necessary for the establishing of Gods work in the land ...

... [There had been a proposal that Lorenzo Snow put one of his sons in quorum; Grant opposed it.] ...

Anthony Ivins and I chatted until 11:15 Speaking of plural marriage he said there were quite a number of them being performed in Mexico, said he was on hand and willing to take another wife if his brethren felt that it was the wisest thing to do under all the circumstances. He had no desire for another wife, but at the same time had a strong desire to fail in doing any duty devolving upon him and he wanted me and my fellow apostles to know that he was on hand to perform any and every duty required of him [IE performing plural marriages]. Had all his life accepted in his heart of plural marriage and was making an effort to get another wife when the Manifesto came along. I was glad to have him say this much ...

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

120 years ago today - Oct 7, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
... Bro[ther] Jno [John W.] Taylor who made some very unwise remarks [that in one rural area, 80 percent of LDS marriages involve premarital sex]. Pres[ident]. [George Q.] Cannon stated Bro[ther]. T[aylor]. was wrong, had no right to speak on hearsay accusing innocent persons of immoral practices [i.e., accusing members of the Tabernacle Choir of immorality]; laid some of it to his zeal. Pres[ident] Geo[rge]. Q. C[annon]. was very kind to Jno. [John] and allayed feeling which was aroused against Jno. [John] W. T[aylor].

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

155 years ago today - Oct 7, 1863 (Afternoon, Conference)

[Brigham Young]
In the first place I will say to the saints that I know more about Joseph Smith, the prophet of the last days, and his family, than all the apostates that ever did or ever will leave this church. ... Joseph Smith [III] that now is living in the state of Illinois, the son of Joseph the Prophet, will never lead the Latter-day Saints; he may lead apostates, and will lead them to hell. ... Long before his death Joseph said to me, '"I shall have a son born to me and his name shall be called David; and on him in some future time will rest the responsibility that now rests upon me.'" This is Joseph's declaration to me and others some time before his death. ... There is now considerable whispering among us concerning the Josephites as they are called. What are they? They are apostates. Their preaching is scurrility and abuse and calling me the worst man in the world. ...

[Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 12-56-2, 15; Brigham Young Collection, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Oct 7, 1848

Brigham Young instructs his special counselor, Presiding Patriarch John Smith, to select men to go to California on "Gold Mission" for church. Among "Forty-Niners" who travel to California are about fifty gold-digging Mormon missionaries.

175 years ago today - Oct. 7-9, 1843

A special conference is held in Nauvoo. Joseph addresses the congregation to try to convince them that he is dissatisfied with Sidney Rigdon as counselor, and that he thinks Sidney has done a poor job in the management of the post office, has had secret connections with John C. Bennett, and conspired with ex-Gov. Carlin when Joseph was arrested and almost taken back to Missouri on June 23. Joseph says the rift between himself and Sidney has grown too wide, and he does not want him as his counselor anymore. Sidney Rigdon then stands and pleads his case in a highly emotional manner, claiming that he is innocent of any ill feelings toward Joseph, and has never conspired with either John C. Bennett or Gov. Carlin. The weather deteriorates and the meeting is adjourned until the next day, Oct. 8, when Rigdon continues his appeal, listing the many sufferings and trying experiences he and Joseph have gone through together throughout the history of the Church. Elder Almon W. Babbittand Joseph's second counselor, William Law, each speak in defense of Rigdon. Hyrum Smith also asks for mercy for Rigdon. Hyrum Smith seconds a motion by stake president William Marks that Sidney Rigdon be retained as counselor in the First Presidency. It is passed in spite of Joseph's objections. Joseph rises and says, "I have thrown him off my shoulders, and you have again put him on me. You may carry him, but I will not."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

55 years ago today - 55 years ago - Oct 6, 1963

First counselor Hugh B. Brown reads a statement in favor of full civil rights for all people. BYU's president comments, "This was obviously in response to request that had come to the First Presidency from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP]."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - 70 years ago - Oct 6, 1948

[J. Reuben Clark]
[Joseph Fielding Smith brings in Raymond Taylor to talk with Clark about the article by Sam Taylor which appeared in Holiday Magazine:] Taylor: I wonder if you would and give us your reaction.

Pres. Clark: I think you would be better off if I did not, for this reason, that there are things in there that are too sacred to be paraded to the public. I do not think they would please your mother if I told the truth and it would not be wise to tell the truth about it to her because it would hurt her.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Oct 6, 1903

[J. Golden Kimball]
I confess myself to be among that number. Bro[ther]. Jos[eph]. F. just placed his son Hyrum in the Apostleship, and to fill another vacancy with a Smith to me, was 'too much Johnson'. The president of his church has the right to do this, and God consents to it, but I question very much whether He approved of it. It is nepotism of the strongest kind since the days of President Brigham Young. The evil effects of family favoritism will be felt among many of our young people and there will be a falling away on account of these things. I confess that I am affected and can see the necessity of not trusting in man. Fathers family is entitled to recognition and the people or many of them feel the same way. We have boys just as good as Geo[rge]. A[lbert]. Smith and very much superior in many ways. From now on a man must be a Smith to get preferment.

[J. Golden Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Oct 6, 1903

[George Albert Smith]
Have had a busy day in the Land Office. At 3-30 P.M. I left for home to take my children to the

Was met at my door by sister Nellie C. Taylor who congratulated me with much earnestness. I was nonplussed at first but she soon told me I had been voted in that afternoon as a member of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles. I thought she was mistaken and told her so. She felt confused and returned to the Tabernacle to ascertain if she was wrong. Later I was met by her and others who corroborated the matter. I was completely dumbfounded and could hardly believe it possible at this time, although I felt that I might someday succeed my Father as my Patriarchal blessing under the hands of Zebedee Coltrin indicated that I might become an Apostle.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - Oct 6, 1883

King David Kalakaua speaks at an LDS conference in Laie, Oahu, Hawaii. He is the first reigning monarch to speak at a Mormon meeting. King Kalakaua's premier (1882-1887) is Walter Murray Gibson, former Mormon.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

145 years ago today - 145 years ago - Oct 6, 1873 (Evening, Conference)

[Brigham Young]
President Young spoke upon the Babylonian fashion in our Midst upon the Cooperative principles & the Tithing & the Temple. He said those who did not pay their tithing & sustain the cooperative Store would Apostatize. Write it down & watch the result. -- SLC Tabernacle

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal. 9 Vols. Scott G. Kenney, ed. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1983-85. 7:158, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

150 years ago today - 150 years ago - Oct 6, 1868 (Tuesday)

The general conference was commenced in Salt Lake City. It was continued three days. For the first time in Utah, a full quorum of the Twelve Apostles was present at conference. A number of missionaries were called to strengthen the southern settlements. On the 6th Geo. A. Smith was chosen as First Counselor to Pres. Brigham Young, in place of the late Heber C. Kimball, and Brigham Young, jun., was called to fill the vacancy caused thereby in the Council of Twelve Apostles.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - 155 years ago - Oct 6, 1863

Brigham Young prophesies to general conference: "Will the present struggle [of the U.S. Civil War] free the slave? No ... and men will be called to judgment for the way they have treated the negro." U.S. president Abraham Lincoln has already signed on 20 June 1862 the law which prohibits slavery in all federal territories, and this emancipates the few dozen slaves in Utah. On 1 Jan. 1863 Lincoln has also issued his proclamation which emancipated all slaves in the Confederacy but does not free slaves in Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri. The 13th Amendment legally ends slavery everywhere in the United States in 1865. ...

There are some of the sealing ordinances that cannot be administered in the house [Endowment House] that we are now using; we can only administer in it some of the first ordinances of the Priesthood pertaining to the endowment. There are more advanced ordinances that cannot be administered there; we would, therefore, like a Temple, but I am willing to wait a few years for it. I want to see the Temple built in a manner that it will endure through the Millennium. This is not the only Temple we shall build; There will be hundreds of them built and dedicated to the Lord. This Temple [in Salt Lake City] will be known as the first Temple built in the mountains by the Latter-day Saints. And when the Millennium is over, and all the sons and daughters of Adam and Eve, down to the last of their posterity, who come within the reach of the clemency of the Gospel, have been redeemed in hundreds of Temples through the administration of their children as proxies for them, I want that Temple still to stand as a proud monument of the faith, perseverance and industry of the Saints of God in the mountains, in the nineteenth century.

[Brigham Young, Oct. 6, 1863 , Journal of Discourses, 10:251]

165 years ago today - 165 years ago - Oct 6, 1853 (Thursday)

The general conference of the Church was commenced in G.S.L. City. It continued four days. Apostles Geo. A. Smith and Erastus Snow were called to gather fifty families to strengthen the settlements of Iron County, Wilford Woodruff and Ezra T. Benson fifty families to strengthen the settlements in Tooele, Lyman Stevens and Reuben W. Allred fifty families for each of the settlements in Sanpete, Lorenzo Snow fifty families to go to Box Elder, Joseph L. Heywood fifty families to Nephi, Juab Co., and Orson Hyde to raise a company to make a permanent settlement on Green river, near Fort Bridger.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - 170 years ago - Oct 6, 1848

William Smith: Excommunicated Brigham Young and seven other LDS apostles.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - 175 years ago - Oct 6, 1843, Friday

... the special conference was held in the temple. This was the first time a conference was held in the building.

At this conference charges were again preferred against the temple committee, and a public investigation was entered into; and it was again voted that the members of the committee should be retained in their standing. ...

He [Joseph Smith] stated that the Temple Apostles were not about to go East to raise means for the temple and also for the Nauvoo House. He suggested that they give bonds to the amount of two thousand dollars each; and that this rule be enforced upon all the Elders from this time forward. An action was taken by the Conference and it was decided by unanimous vote to carry this proposition into effect. ...

During this conference, also, Elder Sidney Rigdon was tried for his fellowship, charged with a long course of conduct which rendered him unworthy of a place in the Church. President Joseph told the Saints that he had carried Elder Rigdon long enough and that he should do so no more. But notwithstanding this, the Patriarch Hyrum pleaded for mercy in Sidney's behalf; and the conference voted to sustain Elder Rigdon in his position as counsellor to the First Presidency.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

70 years ago today - Oct 6, 1948

My nerves are giving me some discomfort as a result of exhaustion.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

20 years ago today - Oct 6, 1998

All endowed members were encouraged to have their own temple clothing. For those who do not own their own temple clothing, a substantial discount was to be provided to help members in acquiring their first set of temple clothing. Church just tribulations centers also had precut fabric from which temple clothing could be sewn. These materials replace all previous sewing patterns and instructions given to relief Society presidents. The sewing of temple clothing was to be done only by endowed members under the direction of the local Relief Society presidents.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

80 years ago today - Oct 6, 1938

[Heber J. Grant]
I then called Richard L. Evans to come to my office, and told him of his selection to be one of the Seven Presidents of the Seventies. I could see that he was very much disappointed. I had a confidential talk with him and learned that it had undoubtedly been suggested to him. He did not say. He said he told his brother the one and only place of authority in all the Church that he hoped he would never be called to fill is one for the Seven Presidents of the Seventies.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

5 years ago today - 2013-10-05

Ordain Women First Priesthood Session Action

Approximately 200 women and male supporters walk from City Creek Park to the standby ticket line at the Tabernacle on Temple Square to request tickets for admission to the Priesthood session. One by one the women asked and were refused admission.

[Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

105 years ago today - Oct 5, 1913

Heber J. Grant preaches: "I seldom hear a hymn written by Sister Eliza R. Snow sung in any of our meetings, or sing one myself, that I do not thank God for the gift of tongues to that noble woman. She gave to me a blessing when I was a child, predicting incidents in my life, promising me that I should grow to manhood and become one of the leaders in the Church of Christ, Sister Zina D. Young giving the interpretation."

120 years ago today - Oct 5, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Presidency came sacrament bread and wine all ate until they were filled. Some suggestions made to fill the quorum of 12. I seemed to have made a blunder in suggestion all things being equal I would love to see President [Lorenzo] Snow represented in the 12. Afterwards His Counsellors took me to task for such an unwise suggestion said it placed Pres[ident]. S[now]. in a very embarassing position. I could not see it.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Oct 5, 1893

[Franklin D. Richards]
Representatives in Congress passed the Bill to return to the Church the personal property which they plundered us of $450,000 dollars more or less. ... Pres[ident] [George Q.] Cannon prophesied that we would get through our financial troubles all right. To that we all said amen.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Oct 5, 1888

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Bro[ther] Jno. H. Smith came for me to attend a special meeting of Council with our lawyers at His office. The point in question, Shall we repudiate plural marriage to save the half Million dollars the U S. has seized or, give them pretext to seize it as fund which sustains polygamy. Every fiber in my body cried out, "we will sacrifice no principle to save property or life itself, God being our helper." I let others do the talking. So long as they go right I am satisfied, I would rather reach the point by much thinking than much talking, the younger members of our Quorum seem to think otherwise. Decided to let the lawyers do the best they could and we retain our honor before men, and our integrity to God.

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Oct 5, 1883

John Taylor: Elected president of ZCMI 5 October 1883.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Oct 5, 1843

Concerning "the doctrine of plurality of wives," Smith's manuscript diary reads: "Joseph forbids it and the practice thereof. No man shall have but one wife." History of the Church, 6:46 makes an addition which reverses this absolute denial.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

55 years ago today - Oct 4, 1963

Immediately after [Hugh B.] Brown was sustained as first counselor, Benson's conference sermon relayed a covert subtext to both supporters and detractors. On the surface, the talk referred to the excommunication of early church leaders and warned of the need to detect error today: "For even the Master followed the will of the Father by selecting Judas." In warning current Mormons not to be deceived, Benson quoted Brigham Young against deception by persons "speaking in the most winning tone, attended with the most graceful attitudes." Benson warned against those who "support in any way any organization, cause or measure which, in its remotest effect, would jeopardize free agency, whether it be in politics, government, religion, employment, education, or any other field." He then concluded with a long plea against the threats of socialism and Communism.

BYU's Ernest Wilkinson felt that the "Judas" reference specifically referred to Benson's "running controversy with President Brown." Brown was known as one of the most eloquent speakers in the church and as a defender of liberalism and socialism. Brown also recognized Benson's subtext. "I don't think I'm going to be excommunicated," the new first counselor told Wilkinson right after the conference session ended. Wilkinson saw Benson's October 1963 talk as further evidence of the animosity between Brown and Benson. "The feeling is very intense between them," BYU's president recorded; Brown wrote of being "surrounded by enemies or opponents."

[Benson, "Be Not Deceived," Improvement Era 66 (Dec. 1963): 1063-65; Wilkinson diary, 4 Oct. 1963; Brown to Gustive O. Larson, 2 Oct. 1963, copy in folder 15, box 11, Larson Papers, also copy in Campbell Papers. Aside from Benson, Brown resented the influence on President McKay by Clare Middlemiss and Thorpe B. Isaacson who shared much of Benson's philosophy. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - Oct 4, 1963

Thomas S. Monson is sustained to the Quorum of the Twelve at age thirty-six, the youngest man ordained an apostle since Joseph Fielding Smith at age thrity-three in 1910. Monson is the first World War II veteran to serve as an apostle and also the first general authority with a Master of Business Administration. Other general authorities with an MBA or other graduate degree in business are Henry D. Taylor (appointed 1958), Robert D. Hales (1975), Gene R. Cook (1975), John H. Groberg (1976), Ronald E. Poelman (1978), Henry B. Eyring (1985), Glenn L. Pace (1985), Helio R. Camargo (1985), Monte J. Brough (1988), Albert Choules Jr. (1988), Joseph C. Muren (1991), Stephen D. Nadauld (1991), Dallas N. Archibald (1992), John E. Fowler (1992), V. Dallas Merrell (1992), H. David Burton (1992), Richard C. Edgley (1992), Neil L. Andersen (1993), Dieter F. Uchtdorf (1994) (and likely many others).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

65 years ago today - Oct 4, 1953

General Conference is televised live from Salt Lake City to locations outside the Intermountain West for the first time.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

120 years ago today - Oct 4, 1898; Tuesday

[Heber J. Grant]
[At apostles' quarterly meeting:] Prayer by Brigham Young [Jr.]. Splendid prayer. .... Asked God to direct us politically and preserve the Saints from being led away from a right course by wicked men. Asked God to confound those who are running the [Salt Lake] Tribune. ...

[Franklin D. Richards:] When Bro[ther] [Brigham] Young died Counselor Daniel H. Wells said that Joseph F. Smith should be chosen to be the President of the Church, but the apostles did not accept of this and it was some time before there was a perfect union so that the Presidency could be organized. ...

There are men among us who would go in direct opposition to what the wishes of the Presidency were politically if they should learn their wishes, and yet these men claim to be in fellowship in the Church. I feel that such men are sure to lose the faith unless they repent and change their course of action. [Apostle] Marriner W. Merrill Expressed himself freely on political matters and said that while it might not be a wise thing to publicly say it yet, in his opinion it was the right of the Presidency of the Church to express their opinions on all matters, political as well as religious and what he wanted to know is what the Presidency desire and then he wanted to do it, and was only too willing to lay aside his own feelings if they were not in harmony with the feelings of the apostles.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

130 years ago today - Oct 4, 1888

[James G. Bleak]
... And when a man takes a wife they enter this sacred order and covenant to observe all the rites in this. The man covenants to take more wives, the woman covenants to do the part of Sarah and gives her consent for him to take more wives. Hoped the young people would understand these things. A covenant not kept is a covenant broken. When we enter that covenant we must continue in it. Still there is no one here who will say you shall take more wives, that is left entirely with yourselves. Said we ought to express ourselves freely upon these things here for no one dare say any thing about them on the outside of this house. You take upon yourselves covenants to not speak outside of what takes place here. It is a grand thing to have a little common sense to guide us in these things.

[James G. Bleak, in Temple Minute Book, St. George, Oct. 4, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

165 years ago today - Oct 4, 1853

... O[rson] Hyde opened on the subject of sending Missionaries among the Indians, & marry wives in different tribes want good men who will maintain their integrity

B[righam] Y[oung] wants 20 or 30 to go to Green River with Hyde next Spring to Pottawatamies, Cherokees, Choctaws, Sioux Crows, Blackfeet, instruct them in private ...

P[arley]. Pratt said the Indians Wives are heirs, & can not be got out of them, I would rather want to go to the Indians that raise grain, & not profess to be a Mormon until I learnt the language

B Y All the tribes North & South are ready, & want to have us among them Antaro wants up to marry with them suppose 20 or 30 men marry it will bring all the influence of the tribes the squaws will work & then the Indians will work it is our duty to do it to send our Missionaries to the House of Israel send to the Islands tell the Elders to marry the natives

... B Y Which of the 12 will set the 70 the example I never said go boys but come boys marry chiefs daughters

P Pratt I am on hand

O Hyde I will go to Green River or any other place

... B Y The time has come if you will find a man to preside I will go I say turn to the House of Israel [American Indians] now G. A. Smith We ought to go down South of the Settlements & mix with them get down as near Santa Clara as we can ...

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]