55 years ago today - Apr 14, 1969

First Presidency makes official statement on birth control which omits any reference to their own feelings about birth control as "a personal matter," and states: "We believe that those who practice birth control will reap disappointment by and by," and repeated earlier letter's emphasis on "self control as a dominant factor" in marriage.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Apr 14, 1939

An article by West German Mission President Alfred C. Rees entitled "In the Land of the Mormons" appears in a special issue of the Nazi Party organ DER VOLKISCHE BEOBATCHTER. In the Editor's Preface to the article, President Rees is called "the representative of the Church in Germany," who "paints for our readers a portrait of Mormonism today, a church which views the New Germany with sympathy and friendship." Whether President Rees originally wrote the article in German or not, the language of the piece abounds in such loaded terms as Volk and Rasse (race); and a picture of Brigham Young bears the caption, "Fuhrer der historischen Mormonenpioniere." disturbing in hindsight is the way President Rees blatantly parallels Mormonism with Nazism. As Rees warms to his topic, Mormonism begins to sound like a fulfillment of Nazi teachings, providing "the practical realization of the German ideal: 'the common good takes precedence over the individual good.' " Rees concluded by assuring his
readers that "Mormons are people who put this healthy doctrine into action."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Apr 14,1904

[Utah]
First Presidency and apostles decide to resume sale of liquor at church resort of Saltair due to need for non-Mormon patronage.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 14, 1904

[Rudger Clawson Diary]
Pres. Smith announced that the Presidency had about completed a bargain for the purchase of 25 acres of the original temple lot at Independence, Jackson County, Mo.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Apr 14, 1904 (Thursday)

The Trustee in Trust of the Church purchased from Mrs. Maggie C. Swope 25 acres of land at Independence, Jackson Co., Mo. Part of the land was a portion of the 63 acres originally acquired for the Church by Bishop Edw. Partridge in 1831 and of which the Temple lot is a part. The new purchase lies adjacent to the Temple lot.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 14, 1904

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
Pres. Smith announced that the Presidency had about completed a bargain for the purchase of 25 acres of the original temple lot at Independence, Jackson County, Mo.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Apr 14, 1899; Friday

The following telegram was received this morning from Elder W. L. Worsencroft, President of the Samoan Mission: "Hold Elders; headquarters looted; gathering to Apia for safety. All well".

/... a graphophone, or talking machine, and that Brother Wood had already sent a message to the Samoan Saints through this machine, and these brethren now requested Presidents Snow and Cannon to send a few words of greeting to them. They consented, the machine was brought in, and after President Cannon had spoken, President Snow spoke as follows:

"My dear brethren and sisters in Samoa: -- I have just heard what President Cannon has said to you, and I hope you will not forget it. I should be pleased to have the privilege of seeing you, and talking to you face to face, but hardly expect to have this opportunity; but I say to you, if you will live faithful and keep the commandments of the Lord and follow the counsels of the Elders whom we send to you, I shall have the pleasure of meeting you and talking with you in the other life. The Elders we send to you you can trust; they will tell you what is for your best good, and you will be perfectly safe and be greatly blessed in following their counsels. We are very much pleased at hearing from you from time to time, and learning you are faithful in keeping the commandments of the Lord and treating his servants so kindly. I constantly keep you in my mind, and pray for you at the family altar; and hope to have your prayers and faith to sustain me in the high and sacred
position which the Lord has called me to occupy. God bless you. Amen."

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

145 years ago today - Apr 14, 1879 (Monday)

The corner stones of the Manti Temple were laid.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

195 years ago today - Apr 14, 1829

Harmony, Pennsylvania. Joseph Smith commenced the second week of dictating the translation of the Book of Mormon to Oliver Cowdery.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

125 years ago today - Apr 13, 1899; Thursday

... A question as to the proper use of the terms "ordain" and "set apart" came up and was discussed at length, the main speakers being Presidents Snow, Cannon and Smith, Apostles Richards, Lund, Smith, Woodruff and Clawson. The question was sprung by Brother Lund, who stated that on his arrival from Liverpool [England], homeward bound from Palestine, he received a message by cable, requesting and authorizing him to ordain Joseph W. Mcmurrin as one of the First Presidents of Seventies. He attended to the matter, but in the ordination the word "ordain" was not used, though the words "set apart" were, and all the rights, privileges and powers pertaining to that office were conferred upon Brother McMurrin. He had since learned that it was held, especially by the Seventies, that their presiding officers should be ordained, and some of them had queries in their minds as to whether or not this had been done in the case of Brother McMurrin. The latter being already a Seventy, at the time
of his call to be one of the Presidents over the Seventies, the thought had passed through the mind of Brother Lund that it was not necessary to ordain him to preside, and he had therefore used the words "set apart" instead of "ordain". He had since looked up the definition of the word ordain, and found that one of its definitions was "to set apart". He had concluded in his own mind that it was really not necessary to reordain Brother McMurrin, but he desired the mind of the Council upon the matter.

President Snow having asked the brethren to express their views upon the question, President Cannon referred to a remark which had been made to the effect that in organizing the Presidency of a Deacon's quorum the Presidents were not ordained but set apart to preside. He then said that in his opinion the case of a President of a Deacon's quorum and that of one of the First Presidents of Seventies were not parallel, for the reason that the latter was a prominent office and the other was not. He thought there was a difference between ordaining and setting apart, and that a President of Seventies, like Brother McMurrin, should be ordained to that office. According to all the views heretofore entertained, if such a thing should occur as the breaking up of the Quorum of the First Presidency and that of the Apostles, the authority of this Church would rest on the First Seven Presidents of Seventies, and no doubt they would proceed to organize the Church. Therefore, while the word
ordain meant setting apart, there was a distinction in our minds between the two proceedings. The ordaining of a man seemed to confer a more definite authority than the setting apart. Moses Thatcher had held that in the case of a Bishop all that was necessary was the setting apart, but from this view the speaker dissented. In the matter referred to by Brother Lund, President Cannon thought it would be unfortunate for Brother McMurrin's ordination to be questioned, as men upon whom the latter had laid his hands might question the legality of their ordination. President Cannon said that as Brother Lund's intent was to ordain Brother McMurrin and confer upon him all the keys of the office in question, it ought to cover the case and his ordination should therefore not be

questioned.

President Snow said that President Cannon had expressed his views exactly, although, after conversing with Brother Lund upon the subject, he had thought it better to bring up the matter before the council. He favored the use of the word ordain in Brother McMurrin's case, but at the same time he held that the conferring of all the rights, keys and powers of the office was equivalent to an ordination, and the term used really embodied all the meaning that the word ordain could convey. He thought that it would be very unwise to question the ordination.

President Richards moved that it be the sense of the Council that the action taken with Bro[ther]. McMurrin as to the office named was a competent act and that there should be no revision of it. The motion was seconded and carried.

President Cannon further remarked that when a man holds a Priesthood and he is called to labor within that Priesthood to preside, the words "set apart" should be used, but the office of President of Seventies being a prominent office the Word "ordain" should be used.

President Smith: The Presidency of the Church is a prominent office, but the First Presidency are not ordained.

President Cannon: They are already Apostles, and no new power is conferred upon them by reason of their calling to act in the Presidency.

President Smith thought that the words "set apart" used in the case of a President of Seventies were just as proper and appropriate as in the case of the Presidency of the Church, or in that of a Stake President, since it conferred no higher Priesthood upon either of them to call them to act in the Presidency of these several organizations.

President Cannon rejoined that he would not feel satisfied, if called to act as a President of Seventies unless the word "ordain" were used; that is, if it were intentionally omitted and the words "set apart" substituted; but if other brethren felt to use the words set apart instead of the word "ordain", he would not question their right to so express themselves. Yet if he were the subject for ordination, and Brother Lund, after this consideration of the question, were to ordain him and use the words "set apart" instead of "ordain", he would not feel satisfied with his action.

President Snow remarked that he would not feel satisfied either.

President Richards stated that the Josephites asked the question, by way of criticism, if Brigham Young was ordained to preside, holding that all such officers should be ordained.

President Cannon referred to the revelation providing for the Presidency of the Church, in which revelation the words "appointed and ordained" are used. He then said that in speaking to President Young, after he had selected additional counselors, he asked him if he was going to set them apart. The President answered No, that their priesthood, the Apostleship, entitled them to officiate without further action.

Brother Woodruff here remarked that there was an

understanding among the people that the word "ordain" should be used in all prominent offices, and the words "set apart" in case of temporary callings.

President Snow put this question: "Suppose a man were ordained an Elder in the following manner, `I appoint you to be an Elder, and confer upon you all the rights and keys of this office and calling in the Melchizedek Priesthood, etc.'; and this language were used with the intent of ordaining him an Elder. I hold that such a man would be in every sense of the word ordained."

President Cannon stated that he was told by the late Apostle Parley P. Pratt that the first Elders of the Church, in confirming new members, laid their hands upon them and confirmed them, but that the language was not spoken audibly, and that the prophet Joseph told them they had better speak audibly. But the people received the Holy Ghost all the same.

President Smith asked if the use of the word "ordain" should be confined to the First Seven Presidents of Seventies. A high Priest, he said, was called to preside over a Stake, but the word "ordain" as not used in setting him apart.

President Snow replied that he did not care particularly whether the word "ordain" were used or not, so long as other words were used bestowing all the rights, keys and powers of the office intended to be bestowed upon the person. Such language, with the intent, would in the judgement of the President be all sufficient.

President Smith remarked that this expressed his feelings exactly, and he further said that he was heartily in accord with the action taken upon the matter of the ordination of Brother McMurrin by Brother Lund. He did not believe it would be right to question that ordination. Brother Lund was an Apostle, and was authorized to ordain or set apart Brother McMurrin, and his intent was all right before the Lord, Even if he did not use all the words that some one else would have used, the act was just as acceptable before the Lord, and his mind was that no one should be permitted to call in question Brother McMurrin's ordination. This, he understood to be the substance of the action taken. He believed that the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. He did not favor a uniform ceremony any more than he favored a uniform suit of clothes for missionaries, so long as the language used in ordaining was that prescribed by revelation. In the sacramental prayer and in the form of
baptism the Church had a definite guide, but he did not think, even if we failed to confine ourselves strictly to those prescribed forms, that it would vitiate our actions, if the intent was pure; as the authority and intent would govern in such cases; still it would be better to be exact in all such cases. Referring to the Lord's prayer, President Smith said that he did not believe for a moment that it was the intention of the Savior to have the Apostles always using that exact form of prayer; but the object evidently was to impress upon them the need of simplicity and directness in presenting their petitions to the Father. Where this was done, and the dictates of the Spirit faithfully followed, all would be acceptable before the Lord. The

"Josephites" had compiled a book of rules, and the result was that they were all the time quarreling as to how things should be done. Referring to the ceremonies of the various sectarian churches, the speaker said he believed they were all of the devil. He regarded the man of authority as the constitution, and whatever he did by the promptings of the Holy Spirit would be acceptable to the Lord.

Brother John Henry Smith held in the main with President Smith, but it seemed to him that if the Church was to be run by the operation of the Spirit upon the Elders, or rather by what some of the Elders deem operations of the Spirit, the result would be a grand conglomeration of various views. He then went on to say that it was already understood that a Bishop should be ordained; this being so, why not determine which of the officers of the Church should be ordained, and which set apart, defining the distinctions between them. He held that if the Apostles were not united in such matters, confusion must result. Speaking of the ceremony of baptism, he said that it had gone out that the words "forgiveness of your sins" should be added to the ceremony, as published in the Doctrine and Covenants, but that had since been corrected. The speaker held that uniform views on all such subjects should exist in this council.

Brother Lund remarked that if Presidents of Stakes and all officers having special callings were ordained, the sacredness of the word "ordain" would be lost. It was only as to the Presidents of Seventies that the use of this word had been called in question, or rather the omission of it, and he did not think that any difficulty would arise from the present understanding.

President Snow expressed the belief that no further light would be obtained by discussing the question any longer at the present time, and remarked that if the Council preferred the First Presidency to further consider the matter, it would be done.

Brother Clawson moved that this be the sense of the meeting, and the motion was seconded and carried. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

145 years ago today - Apr 13, 1879

President John Taylor preaches, "I remember talking with some celebrated scientists from Europe some time ago, and I explained to them some of the principles relative to the heavenly bodies that were revealed through the Prophet Joseph Smith. They were astonished to know that ideas so grand could be developed through one that was comparatively unlearned. One of them remarked that they were the most magnificent principles he had ever heard of; . . ."

180 years ago today - Apr 13, 1844

[William Clayton]
A.M. at Prest Js recording Deeds. He prophecied the entire overthrow of this nation in a few years.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

180 years ago today - Apr 13, 1844

Several officers-of-the-law attend a meeting in Nauvoo. "Elder [John] Taylor gave them to understand that if they made an attempt to serve writs on him it would cost them their lives, . . ."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Apr 13, 1834

Joseph is sick and unable to attend his Sunday meetings.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

195 years ago today - Apr 13, 1829

'Light on Masonry' is published by an "anti-Mason Mason" or one who believed that original Masonry had been corrupted. "However holy our mysteries may have been, the lodges are now profaned and sullied. Brethren and companions, attired in your mourning robes, attend and let us seal up the gates of our temple, for the profane have found means of penetrating into them - they have converted them into retreats for their impiety, into dens of conspirators."

A full page engraving at the beginning of the book shows a man with sword in one hand and the decapitated head of William Morgan in the other with his body as his feet. [See 1 Nephi 4:18]

Details of the masonic ceremonies are given, including grips, special words, the tree of life, cherubims, Michael giving a "sign" to lodge members, Urim and Thummim, seven days of creation, a white and green apron, a sash with instructions on how it is worn, and the imparting of divine knowledge from God to Adam. ['Light on Masonry: A Collection of All the Most Important Documents on the Subject of Speculative Free Masonry,' (referred to as 'the Bible of Antimasonry')]

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

195 years ago today - Apr 13, 1829

'Light on Masonry' is published by an "anti-Mason Mason" or one who believed that original Masonry had been corrupted. "However holy our mysteries may have been, the lodges are now profaned and sullied. Brethren and companions, attired in your mourning robes, attend and let us seal up the gates of our temple, for the profane have found means of penetrating into them - they have converted them into retreats for their impiety, into dens of conspirators."

A full page engraving at the beginning of the book shows a man with sword in one hand and the decapitated head of William Morgan in the other with his body as his feet. [See 1 Nephi 4:18]

Details of the masonic ceremonies are given, including grips, special words, the tree of life, cherubims, Michael giving a "sign" to lodge members, Urim and Thummim, seven days of creation, a white and green apron, a sash with instructions on how it is worn, and the imparting of divine knowledge from God to Adam.

['Light on Masonry: A Collection of All the Most Important Documents on the Subject of Speculative Free Masonry,' (referred to as 'the Bible of Antimasonry'); Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

40 years ago today - Apr 12, 1984

Russell M. Nelson is ordained a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, replacing LeGrand Richards, who had passed away.

125 years ago today - Apr 12, 1899; Wednesday

Presidents [Lorenzo] Snow, [George Q.] Cannon and [Joseph F.] Smith were at the office. Among the callers of the day was Elder B. H. Roberts, who conversed with President Snow upon the prospect of his getting his seat in Congress. The President remarked during the conversation that it was not clear to him whether Brother Roberts would or would not secure his seat, but it was clear to him that the purpose of the Lord would be accomplished through his trying to get it.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Apr 12, 1894

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
Pres[iden]t Geo[rge] Q. Cannon said that he felt that there had been three agencies in the past which had done us as a people more harm than it was possible to estimate and that these were the Tribune, the Hotels and the Transfer business in connection with the Livery business and he felt very strongly that the Grant Bros. Co. should not be allowed to fail (in a war with other company?) Felt an assurance that the financial storm that was now passing over the people would pass away and that there was good times coming to us in financial matters. He was very hopeful and thought that if we would have faith in the Lord that He would open our way financially.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - Apr 12, 1874

[Brigham Young Sermon]
President Young showed very clearly that it was not a personal speculation; that himself with the rest would put in all he possessed for the accomplishment of the work he was engaged in, and it would all become common stock. The intention is to elevate the poor, and make them comfortable and happy as well as the rich. He wanted no poor in our midst, nor would there be any when the Order got fully established.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

190 years ago today - Apr 12, 1834

[Joseph Smith]
Saterday, 12th Went to the lake [Lake Erie] and spent the day in fishing and visiting the brethren in that place.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

50 years ago today - Apr 11, 1974

L. Tom Perry is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

[Wikipedia, 20th Century (Mormonism), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century_(Mormonism)]

95 years ago today - Apr 11, 1929

[Richard R. Lyman]
Two weeks ago tonight[,] Th[ursday][,] M[ar]ch 28, 1929[,] I met with my prayer circle for the last time and disbanded it. The [first] presidency & the Council of the Twelve decided March 28th that only official prayer circles be continued that is[,] circles which have other business to do as for example [the] high council & our weekly councils meeting. It is nearly 33 y[ea]rs since Francis M. Lyman invited me into the circle. President [Heber J.] Grant presided over it after the death of F[rancis] M. L[yman] until he became president of the church since then I have been its president. While I feel relieved[,] I hated to say good bye to those fine brethren. I have been associated with them so long. We all said good bye & God bless you but not without shedding some tears.

[Richard R. Lyman diary, Apr. 11, 1929, Perry Special Collections; emphasis in original as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

95 years ago today - Apr 11, 1929

[Apostle Richard R. Lyman]
Two weeks ago tonight[,] Th[ursday][,] M[ar]ch 28, 1929[,] I met with my prayer circle for the last time * and disbanded it. The [first] presidency & the Council of the Twelve decided March 28th that only official prayer circles be continued * that is[,] circles which have other business to do as for example [the] high council * & our weekly councils meeting. It is nearly 33 y[ea]rs since Francis M. Lyman invited me into the circle. President [Heber J.] Grant presided over it after the death of F[rancis] M. L[yman] until he became president of the church * since then I have been its president. While I feel relieved[,] I hated to say good bye to those fine brethren. I have been associated with them so long. We all said good bye & God bless you * but not without shedding some tears.

[Richard R. Lyman diary, Apr. 11, 1929, Perry Special Collections; emphasis in original as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

120 years ago today - Apr 11, 1904; Monday

[George F. Gibbs to Zina Young Card]
You will doubtless remember a conversation I had with you about the Zelph arrow head and seer stone presented by you to the President of the Church, also my suggestion that you see Sister [Emma] Woodruff in regard to these sacred relics.

I was exceedingly pleased today to learn that you had seen Sister Woodruff in regard to these things, and that Sister Woodruff had turned them over to you.

Now my dear sister, as I told you, I am witness to the fact that these sacred relics were presented by you to the President of the Church, to become the property of the Church and not the property of any individual, and I am writing now to express the hope that it is your intention yet to see that this is done, and that there shall be no misunderstanding as to their ownership.

Kindly let me hear from you in regard to this matter, and accept best wishes and brotherly love.

[George F. Gibbs, letter to Zina Y. Card, January 25, 1912, excerpt in Quinn Papers, original in LDS Archives]

120 years ago today - Apr 11, 1904; Monday

Some time ago Sister Zina Y. Card presented to the late President [Wilford] Woodruff the sacred relic, the arrow head of flint, in a buckskin case, which arrow head is referred to in the history of the Prophet Joseph Smith as having been taken from the remains of the white Indian Zelph, and which was the cause of his death. This arrow head was among the personal belongings of the late President Brigham Young, which were sold to members of his family, and Sister Zina purchased this relic, and presented it to President Woodruff. After President Woodruff's death it was among his personal property, and Sister Zina, who had intended it for the President of the church, had obtained it form President Woodruff, and now presented it to Pres[iden]t. [Joseph F.] Smith as President of the Church, to become one of the sacred relics of the Church. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Apr 11, 1904; Monday

[Angus M. Cannon diary]
I met the Presidency in company of F[ranklin]. S. Richards, and talked over the course I should p[e]rsue, when questioned by men in Washington [D.C. at the Smoot Hearings]. I was advised to listen to the attorneys, that the Church might not be brought in trouble, through my obstancy. I obtained a blessing under the hands of the Presidency.

[Angus M. Cannon, Diary]

130 years ago today - Apr 11, 1894

Apostle John Henry Smith writes in his journal, "Brigham Young [Jr.], George Teasdale and myself met with Prest. W. Woodruff, Geo. Q. Cannon and Jos. F. Smith and reported our labors in Mexico. The Mexican mission is a permanent one. Our people are to become citizens. Lands are to be deeded to the people. I am to go to Mexico."

A major reason for the "Mexican mission" was to have a place to continue polygamy without violating U.S. law.

175 years ago today - Apr 11, 1849

... O. P. Rockwells blessing [was given with] /Pres[iden]t/ H. C K[imball] [as the] moutn [mouth. He] said bro. P., we la[y] o[u]r hands on thee in [the name of] J[esus] C[hrist] of N[azareth] & [with the] H[oly] P[riesthood] in us asking H[eavenly] F[ather] in [the] name of [his] Son, J[esus] C[hrist], to 239 look on thy shortc[omin]g[s]., forgive [thy] sins & improprieties, [and] give Council to [thy] comp[anio]ns. [that they] will & enjoy Holy Sp[irit]. [And may] darkness leave [yo]ur eyes [blank] walk in humility & walk in riteousness [blank] to do most good [and] be blessed. [T]hyp[eo]pl[e]'- we la[y] [our] hands on P/orter /[?]/ lived /[?]/ [and we] ded[icate] & conse[cra]te him to thee in [ou]r G. C. & seal [upon thee] life & health. [May you be] filled with wisaidom & Co'-& [be a] bless[in]g. to bro A,'-& stand by him at all times & [in all] circ[umstanc]es & understand all things. [May he] escape [the] hands of his enemies & [that] they have no power over him,'-but [may]
thy serv[an]t. triumph over them. & perform his duties & ret[ur]n. in safety. [T]hou shalt go in peace & prosper[ity] & ret[ur]n. ag[ai]n. & if thy enemies lift their weapons /ag[ain]st. thee they/ shall not prevail. [T]hou shalt escape by the /power of the/ L[ord]. thy God. [G]o by faith & [the] Sp[irit] of God shall rest on thee & [thou shalt] accomplish thy desires. [T]hou shalt do ri[gh]t. & [be] insp[ire]d. by this bless[in]g. [And may this] seal[in]g. [bear] thee up to. Et[erna]l. life & all glory& honor will [we] give to the Fat[he]r. in the N[ame] of his Son, J[esus]. C[hrist]. even so. Amen. ...

[Blessing to Orrin Porter Rockwell as recorded in the as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

180 years ago today - Apr 11, 1844

Smith becomes Mormonism's theocratic king. The kingdom's clerk William Clayton wrote that during the 11 April 1844 meeting "was prest. Joseph chosen as our Prophet, Priest and King by Hosannas."

William Marks, who was present at the coronation, later stated that the Council of Fifty performed an ordinance "in which Joseph suffered himself to be ordained a king, to reign over the house of Israel forever."

A later revelation to the Council of Fifty affirmed that God called Smith "to be a Prophet, Seer and Revelator to my Church and Kingdom; and to be a King and Ruler over Israel."

In detailed minutes of this same ceremony years later, the Council of Fifty's standing chairman, John Taylor, was "anointed & set apart as a King, Priest and Ruler over Israel on the Earth."

In a veiled reference to Smith's kingship, Apostles Lyman Wight and Heber C. Kimball wrote in 1844 that "you are already President Pro tem of the world." Smith is anointed and ordained "King, Priest and Ruler over Israel on Earth" . PLACE: Council of Fifty Meeting in Masonic Hall, Nauvoo, IL

[The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, p.124 as referenced in "Joseph Smith Polygamy Timeline," http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm]

180 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 11, 1844

Masonic Hall, Nauvoo

Afterwards in the Council. We had a glorious interview. President Joseph [Smith] was voted our P[rophet] P[riest] & K[ing] with loud Hosannas.

[William Clayton journal, 129, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

185 years ago today - Apr 11, 1839

[Joseph Smith]
In Gallatin, indicted by grand jury for treason and other charges but granted change of venue.

[Jessee, Dean, Esplin, Ronald and Bushman, Richard Lyman (editors), The Joseph Smith Papers: Journals, Vol. 1: 1832-1839, Chronology for the Years 1832-1839, http://www.amazon.com/Joseph-Smith-Papers-Journals-1832-1839/dp/1570088497]

185 years ago today - Apr 11, 1839

Gallatin, Missouri. During the night, Joseph Smith saw in a vision a means of escape from his own unjust imprisonment and that Brother Stephen Markham, a witness for the defense, must flee for his life.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

20 years ago today - Apr 10, 2004

Despite a directive from Mormon leaders to stop the practice [of Baptizing holocaust victims for the dead] ... A New York Jewish organization was so outraged that it asked U.S. Sen. Hillary Clinton to intervene, prompting a meeting in early March between the former first lady and Utah Republican Sen. Orrin Hatch, an LDS church member, The Associated Press has learned.

However, Ernest Michel, chairman of the New York-based World Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, said he asked Clinton to intervene to force the LDS Church to abide by a 1995 agreement to stop the posthumous baptisms.

["Sen. Clinton joins effort to end Mormon baptism of Holocaust victims," Mark Thiessen, The Associated Press as quoted in A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

125 years ago today - Apr 10, 1899

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
Salt Lake City. I attended Priesthood Meeting at 10 a. m. which adjourned at 12 noon, and I am aimlessly around this town doing but little business.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Apr 10, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Editorial -- Speaks of Joseph Smith's platform concerning a National Bank

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

190 years ago today - Apr 10, 1834 (Thursday)

The United Order at Kirtland was dissolved.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

190 years ago today - Apr 10, 1834

The Missouri Saints send a petition to the president of the United States with 114 signatures asking redress for the Jackson County expulsion. Between January 9 and May 15, 1834, the Saints send literally dozens of petitions and letters to various U. S. government officials (in accordance with D&C 101:79-90).

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

120 years ago today - Apr 9, 1904; Saturday

[Joseph F. Smith]
I have only just received word from Elder [John W.] Taylor whose letter was written in Canada Mar[ch]. 16th but did not reach me until the 7th inst. His letter will speak for itself and I will forward it to you by this mail together with a letter received from Elder [Matthias F.] Cowley something over a week ago. You will see that they both refuse to voluntarily go before the [Senate] Committee. Elder Cowley Says if he is subpoenaed he will go but will not put himself in the way. I regret that these brethren have decided to do as they have. ... And you will pardon me if I say that after the scandalous treatment I have received from the public press on account of my testimony given before the Committee, I cannot blame these gentlemen for the conclusion they have reached half so much as I might have done under other circumstances and fairer treatment.

Of course you know how I have been horribly caricatured and made hideous in cartoons, and slandered and lied about most outrageously, and all for what? Well, I will not take time to answer here.

...In relation to what Mrs. Stanley intends to say to the committee, if put upon the witness stand, I can only say that if Lillian H. Cannon told her that She "was married to Abra[ha]m H. Canon by President Jos[eph]. F. Smith, at Sea &c." She simply lied! I dislike to say that any lady would lie. And I am loath to believe that Mrs. Cannon every told anybody any such thing, for I cannot conceive what object she could have in making such a statement if she made it at all. I have been told by one of her most intimate friends that she herself denies every having told such a story.

To you, I will say that my wife accompanied me on that trip. I cannot recall a moment when I was in the presence of Mrs. Cannon that my wife was not with us. ....

[Joseph F. Smith, letter to Reed Smoot, excerpt in Quinn Papers, original in LDS Archives]

130 years ago today - Apr 9, 1894

President Wilford Woodruff asserted that a woman could be a revelator for the entire church. In April 1894's general conference he said : "That hymn [ O My Father ] is a revelation ... given unto us by a woman — Sister Eliza R. Snow. There are a great many sisters who have the spirit of revelation. There is no reason why they should not be inspired as well as men." (Her revelation to the church is one of the earliest statements in Mormon theology on a Heavenly Mother.)

[The Discourses of Wilford Woodruff, as quoted at http://ordainwomen.org/quotes. See Quinn, "Mormon Political Conflicts" for full cite and context.]

130 years ago today - Mon., April 9th, 1894

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon Journal]
Some of us belonged to a Masonic Lodge in Nauvoo, but no good come of it. We found fellow members were plotting against the Church leaders, and seeking their death. We should not join the Masons, Odd Fellows or other such organizations,

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

180 years ago today - Apr 9, 1844

Pres[iden]t Young requested all who were in favor of electing Joseph to the Presidency to raise both hands which they [did] say 1,100 Elders and commenced clapping their hand[s] and gave many loud cheers. The opposite was called for and only one hand raised

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1844, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

180 years ago today - Apr 9, 1844

[Brigham Young]
There is no need of breaking the law of the land [IE polygamy] if you keep the law of the Lord. I want a wife that can take care of my children when I am away, who can pray, lay on hands, anoint with oil, and baffle the enemy; and this is a spiritual wife.

[Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

180 years ago today - Apr 9, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
B Young remarked ... When J. C. Bennet went forth to try to destroy the Saints A little company of us went before God and asked him to take away his power, and it fell like lightning from Heaven. We asked for Duncan not to be Govor-nor. He was not but he is now dead and damned. We asked for Reynolds to be taken away. He soon shot himself & went to Hell. Carlin is dead and so our enemies have fallen on evry hand. Whare is the officers of Government in washington? Seven were hurled into eternity in an instant by the bursting of a big gun. The bitter branches are beginning to be cut off. Take care O man how you oppose this work for their is a God in Israel. ...

A contribution was taken up for Joseph Smith to meet a debt. $100 dollars was donated another hundred loaned. Conference was Adjurned untill 2 oclok Saturday to hear a discourse from Elder Taylor on politicks. About three hundred Elders volunteered to go out preaching this season. Their names were taken to be published in the Times & Season.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Apr 9, 1839

Gallatin, Missouri. Joseph Smith's trial commenced before a drunken grand jury and judge.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

55 years ago today - Apr 8, 1969

[David O. McKay]
President Tanner thought we should advise all the stake presidencies and bishops to instruct their people when recommended to the temple to be sure their garments come below the knees.

[David O. McKay diary, Apr. 8, 1969 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

70 years ago today - Apr 08, 1954

George Q. Morris is ordained a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles at eighty years of age (making him the oldest man ordained an Apostle in this dispensation), replacing Matthew Cowley, who had passed away.

70 years ago today - Apr 8, 1954

World-class scientist (and father of future apostle) Henry Eyring writes to Apostle Richard L. Evans, "I never worry what the Brethren believe about my specialty today because it is part of the genius of the Lord's Church that both they and I will understand the entire situation better tomorrow." A general authority stated that Eyring "kept his knowledge of the revealed truths of religion and his organic evolutionary views in separate compartments."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Apr 08, 1939

The mission home of the Argentina Mission in Buenos Aires is overrun by police, who mistake it for a pro-Nazi meeting place.

125 years ago today - Apr 8, 1899

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
I feel annoyed at the position of Brother [Angus M.] Cannon regarding his nephews [sic] speech and unless I change my present opinion I shall not sustain Brother Cannon as one of the presidency of the Salt Lake Stake unless I am instructed so to do by the Presidency of the Church.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Apr 8, 1894

Wilford Woodruff tells General Conference of a revelation he had: "When I have the vision of the night opened continually before my eyes, and can see the mighty judgments that are about to be poured out upon this world, . . . We have fourteen million people on this earth, and over them all there hangs a cloud of darkness almost entirely upon their shoulders. Can you tell me where the people are who will be shielded and protected from these great calamities and judgments which are even now at our doors? I'll tell you. The priesthood of God who honor their priesthood, and who are worthy of their blessings are the only ones who shall have this safety and protection. . . .God has held the angels of destruction for many years, lest they should reap down the wheat with the tares. But I want to tell you now, that those angels have left the portals of heaven, and they stand over this people and this nation now, and are hovering over the earth waiting to pour out the judgments. And from
this very day they shall be poured out."

Afterwards, as Wilford Woodruff writes in his diary, "I drank some Hot Lemonade with a little brandy in it. Went to bed and soon to sleep."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Apr 8, 1849

Council met and talked about the necessary measures for extending the Church and power of the kingdom abroad. Instructed the twelve how to manage with their families when theywent abroad to take but one wife each and establish the rest here except Parley P. Pratt when he went to the Pacific Isles he might take all of his along as his prudence dictates as servants in different families etc. members spoke freely on the idea of establishing a settlement or stake on the bay of San Francisco. It was unanimously considered important to the enlargement of the work and C. C. Rich was unanimously voted to go preside in those regions.

[Record of the Twelve Apostles, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

180 years ago today - Apr 8, 1844

Joseph Smith preaches: "From hence forth the elders shall build churches where ever the people receive the gospel. [If there are] sufficient [numbers] then build stakes to this place," which is the first authorization for organizing stakes anywhere in the world.

Joseph also preaches: "You know there has been great discussion in relation to Zion-where it is, and where the gathering of the dispensation is, and which I am now going to tell you. The prophets have spoken and written upon it; but I will make a proclamation that will cover a broader ground. The whole of America is Zion itself from north to south, and is described by the Prophets, who declare that it is the Zion where the mountain of the Lord should be, and that it should be in the center of the lull." This is a change from the teaching that Zion was located in Jackson county, Missouri.

Hyrum Smith addresses conference "on Spiritual wife system. The first one we heard reporting such stories we will report him in the Time[s] and Seasons to come and give up his licence. He was decided against it in every form and spoke at length." Hyrum at this time was secretly living in polygamy.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

40 years ago today - Apr 7, 1984

Appointment of first general authorities to have stated time-limit on their service. Initially these temporary general authorities served in First Quorum of Seventy. Also Dallin H. Oaks is first general authority and apostle who has served as state supreme court justice. DIALOGUE: A JOURNAL OF MORMON THOUGHT (an independent scholarly publication with which Oaks had once officially affiliated) publishes survey showing that 88 percent of its subscribers attend LDS services weekly and that two-thirds regard BOOK OF MORMON as "an actual historical record of ancient inhabitants."

50 years ago today - Apr 7, 1974

Speaking of modifications to latter-day scripture, Elder Packer reports in General Conference: "Now, I add with emphasis that such changes ... have been basically minor refinements in grammar, expression, punctuation, clarification. Nothing fundamental has been altered. Why are they not spoken of over the pulpit? Simply because by comparison they are so insignificant and unimportant as literally to be not worth talking about. After all, they have absolutely nothing to do with whether the books are true."

[Ensign May 1974]

80 years ago today - Apr 7, 1944

Counselor J. Reuben Clark preaches that "in that inspired document, the Constitution, the Lord prescribed the way, the procedure by which the inspired framework of that Constitution could be changed. Whenever the Constitution is amended in that way, it will be an amendment that the Lord will approve."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

100 years ago today - Apr 7, 1924

Patriarch Hyrum G. Smith: Many of the Patriarchs have felt that they are not given the attention they are entitled to, in being placed before the people. Said he thought it a good policy for the presiding officers in the wards and stakes to point these brethren out and give them a place of honor in the midst of the people, and that occasionally a prayer be offered in the ward and stake for these men, that their work may be advertised before the people. Stated that during the year 1332 people have received their patriarchal blessings from him, while in the ninety stakes, 4931 blessings were given by over 200 patriarchs. Stated that he would prefer that more of the people go to the local patriarchs. The speaker said he was converted to the fact that there is but one patriarchal blessing to each person. ...

President Grant said that he was inclined to think that in future we would have to make a rule that no man can be a patriarch after he gets eighty years of age, because it is that kind of men who have been inveigled into the idea that they can perform plural marriages.

[Special Priesthood Meeting, Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Apr 7, 1914; Tuesday

Jos[eph] F. Smith--Solidly laid down the rule that there was were no plural marriages possibl[e] in the Church--Want men cut off the Church who are teachings [sic] that these marriages can be done. --Betray the Church--the Presidency & Apostles. ...

Ev[enin]g. an entertainment at Bishop's B[ui]ld[in]g given by the First P[residen]cy to men who had suffered by going to the "Pen[itentiary]" for plural marriage.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

130 years ago today - Apr 7, 1894

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
.... Joseph F. Smith took balance of time on various subjects, viz., card playing, round dancing, secret societies, etc., deprecating them all and counseling the Saints not to indulge in them.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Apr 7, 1889 - 2 September 1898

[1st Presidency Changes]
Wilford Woodruff George Q. Cannon Joseph F. Smith First Presidency reorganized after death of John Taylor

[Wikipedia, First Presidency (LDS Church), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Presidency_(LDS_Church)#Chronology_of_the_First_Presidency]

140 years ago today - Apr 7, 1884; Monday

[Anthony Ivins Journal]
Today attended meeting of the presiding priesthood. The subject treated upon was plurality of wives and the instruction given very pointed. The presiding priesthood were instructed to obey the order or the[y] could not be permitted to preside over their brethren.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013)]

180 years ago today - Apr 7, 1844

[William Clayton]
At the conference all day A.M. Er Rigdon preached. P.M. Prest Hyrum talked on spiritual wives & after Joseph discoursed on the dead.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

180 years ago today - April 7, 1844

Mary C. Westover recalled [of the King Follett Discourse] "The most striking thing I remember was a prophecy Joseph Smith made, which I saw fulfilled immediately. It was at the funeral service of King Follett, in the Nauvoo Grove. A heavy thunderstorm arose. The people became frightened and started to go home. But the Prophet arose and told the multitude that if they would remain still and pray in their hearts the storm would not molest them in their services. They did as they were bidden, and the storm divided over the grove. I well remember how it was storming on all sides of the grove, yet it was calm around us as if there was no sign of a storm." (Young Woman's Journal, vol. 17, 1906, also Journal of Amasa Potter, p. 494)

[A Timeline of Joseph Smith's Prophecies: His Prophecies Fulfilled (https://amzn.to/42s0h3I)]

180 years ago today - Apr 7, 1844

... having stopped in the middle of his sermon yesterday due to lack of lung power, completes his sermon this morning. During intermission 35 people are baptized. Hyrum Smith speaks, encouraging the rapid building of the temple, and says, "It is better not to have so much faith, than to have so much as to believe all the lies." Joseph Smith delivers the King Follett funeral sermon before 20,000 people. It is one of his greatest sermons. He goes back to the beginning, stating that "God himself was once as we are now, and is an exalted man, and sits enthroned in yonder heavens!" He says the Saints must understand how God came to be God. He once dwelt on an earth, the same as the Savior, because the Bible says that the Son has done only what he has seen the Father do. (John 5:19.) "You have got to learn how to be gods yourselves, and to be kings and priests to God, the same as all gods have done before you, namely, by going from one small degree to another."

He begins the discussion by interpreting the Hebrew for "In the beginning created God," in a manner only extant in the opening paragraphs of the ZOHAR, the classic text of the Jewish Kabbalah. Joseph Smith undoubtedly has learned this from the Jewish Convert Alexander Neibauer who published a Kabbalist treatise in the LDS periodical a year before, and with whom Joseph Smith's diary notes he is studying in 1844. Later in public-media interviews President Gordon B. Hinckley is evasive and dissembles on whether or not Mormons believe that God was once a man.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Apr 7, 1834

[Joseph Smith]
.... meet in the counsel room and bowed down befor[e] the Lord and prayed that he would furnish the means to deliver the [United] Firm from debt and /be/ set at liberty. Also that I may prevail against that wicked [Philastus] Hurlbut and that he be put to shame.

Accordingly on the 9th after an impartial trial the court decided that the said Hurlbut was bound over under 200 dollars bond to keep the peace for six month[s] and pay the [court] cost[s] which amounted to near three hundred dollars. All of which was in answer to our prayer for which I thank my Heavenly Father. ...

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

40 years ago today - Apr 7, 1984

Appointment of first general authorities to have stated time-limit on their service. Initially these temporary general authorities served in First Quorum of Seventy. Also Dallin H. Oaks is first general authority and apostle who has served as state supreme court justice. DIALOGUE: A JOURNAL OF MORMON THOUGHT (an independent scholarly publication with which Oaks had once officially affiliated) publishes survey showing that 88 percent of its subscribers attend LDS services weekly and that two-thirds regard BOOK OF MORMON as "an actual historical record of ancient inhabitants."

50 years ago today - Apr 7, 1974

Speaking of modifications to latter-day scripture, Elder Packer reports in General Conference: "Now, I add with emphasis that such changes ... have been basically minor refinements in grammar, expression, punctuation, clarification. Nothing fundamental has been altered. Why are they not spoken of over the pulpit? Simply because by comparison they are so insignificant and unimportant as literally to be not worth talking about. After all, they have absolutely nothing to do with whether the books are true."

[Ensign May 1974]

80 years ago today - Apr 7, 1944

Counselor J. Reuben Clark preaches that "in that inspired document, the Constitution, the Lord prescribed the way, the procedure by which the inspired framework of that Constitution could be changed. Whenever the Constitution is amended in that way, it will be an amendment that the Lord will approve."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

100 years ago today - Apr 7, 1924

Patriarch Hyrum G. Smith: Many of the Patriarchs have felt that they are not given the attention they are entitled to, in being placed before the people. Said he thought it a good policy for the presiding officers in the wards and stakes to point these brethren out and give them a place of honor in the midst of the people, and that occasionally a prayer be offered in the ward and stake for these men, that their work may be advertised before the people. Stated that during the year 1332 people have received their patriarchal blessings from him, while in the ninety stakes, 4931 blessings were given by over 200 patriarchs. Stated that he would prefer that more of the people go to the local patriarchs. The speaker said he was converted to the fact that there is but one patriarchal blessing to each person. ...

President Grant said that he was inclined to think that in future we would have to make a rule that no man can be a patriarch after he gets eighty years of age, because it is that kind of men who have been inveigled into the idea that they can perform plural marriages.

[Special Priesthood Meeting, Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Apr 7, 1914; Tuesday

Jos[eph] F. Smith--Solidly laid down the rule that there was were no plural marriages possibl[e] in the Church--Want men cut off the Church who are teachings [sic] that these marriages can be done. --Betray the Church--the Presidency & Apostles. ...

Ev[enin]g. an entertainment at Bishop's B[ui]ld[in]g given by the First P[residen]cy to men who had suffered by going to the "Pen[itentiary]" for plural marriage.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

130 years ago today - Apr 7, 1894

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
.... Joseph F. Smith took balance of time on various subjects, viz., card playing, round dancing, secret societies, etc., deprecating them all and counseling the Saints not to indulge in them.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Apr 7, 1889 - 2 September 1898

[1st Presidency Changes]
Wilford Woodruff George Q. Cannon Joseph F. Smith First Presidency reorganized after death of John Taylor

[Wikipedia, First Presidency (LDS Church), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Presidency_(LDS_Church)#Chronology_of_the_First_Presidency]

140 years ago today - Apr 7, 1884; Monday

[Anthony Ivins Journal]
Today attended meeting of the presiding priesthood. The subject treated upon was plurality of wives and the instruction given very pointed. The presiding priesthood were instructed to obey the order or the[y] could not be permitted to preside over their brethren.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013)]

180 years ago today - Apr 7, 1844

[William Clayton]
At the conference all day A.M. Er Rigdon preached. P.M. Prest Hyrum talked on spiritual wives & after Joseph discoursed on the dead.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

180 years ago today - April 7, 1844

Mary C. Westover recalled [of the King Follett Discourse] "The most striking thing I remember was a prophecy Joseph Smith made, which I saw fulfilled immediately. It was at the funeral service of King Follett, in the Nauvoo Grove. A heavy thunderstorm arose. The people became frightened and started to go home. But the Prophet arose and told the multitude that if they would remain still and pray in their hearts the storm would not molest them in their services. They did as they were bidden, and the storm divided over the grove. I well remember how it was storming on all sides of the grove, yet it was calm around us as if there was no sign of a storm." (Young Woman's Journal, vol. 17, 1906, also Journal of Amasa Potter, p. 494)

[A Timeline of Joseph Smith's Prophecies: His Prophecies Fulfilled (https://amzn.to/42s0h3I)]

180 years ago today - Apr 7, 1844

... having stopped in the middle of his sermon yesterday due to lack of lung power, completes his sermon this morning. During intermission 35 people are baptized. Hyrum Smith speaks, encouraging the rapid building of the temple, and says, "It is better not to have so much faith, than to have so much as to believe all the lies." Joseph Smith delivers the King Follett funeral sermon before 20,000 people. It is one of his greatest sermons. He goes back to the beginning, stating that "God himself was once as we are now, and is an exalted man, and sits enthroned in yonder heavens!" He says the Saints must understand how God came to be God. He once dwelt on an earth, the same as the Savior, because the Bible says that the Son has done only what he has seen the Father do. (John 5:19.) "You have got to learn how to be gods yourselves, and to be kings and priests to God, the same as all gods have done before you, namely, by going from one small degree to another."

He begins the discussion by interpreting the Hebrew for "In the beginning created God," in a manner only extant in the opening paragraphs of the ZOHAR, the classic text of the Jewish Kabbalah. Joseph Smith undoubtedly has learned this from the Jewish Convert Alexander Neibauer who published a Kabbalist treatise in the LDS periodical a year before, and with whom Joseph Smith's diary notes he is studying in 1844. Later in public-media interviews President Gordon B. Hinckley is evasive and dissembles on whether or not Mormons believe that God was once a man.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Apr 7, 1834

[Joseph Smith]
.... meet in the counsel room and bowed down befor[e] the Lord and prayed that he would furnish the means to deliver the [United] Firm from debt and /be/ set at liberty. Also that I may prevail against that wicked [Philastus] Hurlbut and that he be put to shame.

Accordingly on the 9th after an impartial trial the court decided that the said Hurlbut was bound over under 200 dollars bond to keep the peace for six month[s] and pay the [court] cost[s] which amounted to near three hundred dollars. All of which was in answer to our prayer for which I thank my Heavenly Father. ...

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

65 years ago today - Apr 6, 1959

President David O. McKay issued his famous "Every member a missionary" slogan.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

120 years ago today - Apr 6, 1904; Wednesday

At noon today, between the sessions of the conference, the First Council of Seventy met at the office of the First Presidency, also Thomas E. Bassett, President of the Fremont [Idaho] Stake, Moses W. Taylor, President of Summit [Utah] Stake, and Jesse N. Smith, President of Snowflake [Arizona] Stake, these being all the prominent presiding officers that could be reached handily. President [Joseph F.] Smith informed them that the Apostles met yesterday afternoon, also this morning at nine o'clock, for the purpose of considering the exigencies of the present, said to be existing in reference to alleged plural marriages having been solemnized; and he said that the First Presidency and Apostles had decided to issue an official declaration on the subject, which was then read to them. After which they were invited to support it at the conference this afternoon, if they felt they could do so, with the understanding that each person present was left free to express himself in regard to it.
Questions were asked which drew from President Smith the statement that this declaration was nothing more nor less than confirmatory of President [Wilford] Woodruff's manifesto of 1890; adding that if any plural marriages had been performed they were performed without his knowledge or consent, and that persons having entered into them, or solemnized them, must be held responsible for their acts to the law of the land, as well as the rule and discipline of the Church. With this understanding the position of the First Presidency was endorsed on motion of George Reynolds.

[The "Second Manifesto" denies there has been General Authority- sanctioned plural marriages since 1890 Manifesto and threatens excommunication for anyone entering plural marriage. Some apostles continue performing and entering new plural marriages for almost two more years. Joseph F. Smith would later sanction two additional plural marriages.]

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Apr 6, 1904

[Andrew Jensen]
The resolution in regard to polygamous marriages [2nd Manifesto] sent a thrill through the congregation; it was simply emphasizing what had been done before.

[Andrew Jenson, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Apr 6, 1889

The first Relief Society general conference was held in the Assembly Hall in Salt Lake City. Twenty stakes were represented.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

135 years ago today - Sat. April 6th 1889

(Gen. Conf.) "John W, Taylor then spoke on the subject of faith, and told the people when they did not have sufficient faith to have their sick healed, they should secure the services of a physician and not let their sick die through neglect and ignorance."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Apr 6, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
April 6, 1884 Sunday The Conference Met at the Big Tabernacle at 10 oclok the building Crouded to its utmost Capacity some thousands went away that Could not get Standing room in the Building. I should Judge there was 12,000 people present. ...

There arived in our midst this Morning seven Chiefs & Leading Men of the Maricopy and Pimos lead By Brothers Rogers & Ray had Come some 700 Miles to attend the Conference from Arizona. They were reporting of many thousands of the Lamanits. Cheroquas Erastus who I baptized ordained a seventy at St George was one of them. They were much interested in the great Tabernacle and Congregation.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Sunday, April 6th, 1884

[General Authority Abraham H. Cannon]
Last day of Gen. Conf. "At a Priesthood meeting held in the evening (after the Hall was cleared of all those who were not worthy of being present by arranging the brethren according to wards and stakes" the strongest language in regard to Plural Marriage was used that I ever heard, and among other things it was stated that all men in positions who would not observe and fulfill that law should be removed from their places. The Spirit of the Lord rested powerfully upon the First Presidency each of whom addressed the meeting. All present felt the force of the remarks made."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Apr 6, 1884

... At 7 PM. A meeting of the Priesthood was held in the assembly hall, President John Taylor, G. Q. Cannon, and Joseph F. Smith, occupied the time, till 10 PM, chiefly on celestial marriage, saying it was binding on all the Latter-day-saints, and that no man was entitled to the right of the Presiding, without abiding this law. They advised Presidents of Stakes, who have not obeyed this law to do so; or resign their positions as presidents. [John Taylor names three monogamous stake presidents.]

[John, David - Journal 1882-85, http://welshmormon.byu.edu/Resource_Info.aspx?id=4081 (accessed 10/2/2014)]

140 years ago today - Apr 6, 1884

James E. Talmage writes in his journal of his experiments with hashish: "Continued my experiment by taking 20 grains Cannabis Indica and the effect was felt in a not very agreeable way." Talmage lectures to the Brigham Young Academy faculty in Sep on "The Effects of the Narcotic Hashish on the Human System," but the Faculty Minute Book do not record whether he mentioned the source of his information.

145 years ago today - Apr 6, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
F[rancis]. M. [Lyman?] was the choice of the majority of the brethren who spoke on the subject [i.e., filling the vacancy in the Twelve following the death of Orson Hyde], but President [John] Taylor decided for Moses [Thatcher] and he was carried.

[Joseph F. Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

160 years ago today - Apr 6, 1864 (Evening)

[Brigham Young]
Priesthood meeting this evening President Young addressed the priesthood at some length and all were very much blessed. He exhorted the saints not to run after gold mines but pray that the precious ore might not be found ...

[Elijah Larkin Diary, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jun 4, 1854

Brigham Young, president of the church, advised Latter-day Saint women to organize into societies within local wards to assist American Indians and others in need.

[Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

170 years ago today - Apr 6, 1854

Jedediah M Grant: Ordained apostle but not to Quorum of Twelve 6 Apr. 1854, and ordained second counselor in First Presidency same day

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Apr 6, 1844

[Joseph Fielding]
I have attended the Grand Council [Council of Fifty], as I will call it. Elder Woodworth has returned from Texas. The prospect of our obtaining room to form a colony there is fair.

At the last Grand Council I attended, William and Wilson Law, R. D. Foster and those in connection with them were by the voice of the council delivered up to the buffetings of Satan, after having been visited in all kindness by two of the brethren.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

180 years ago today - Apr 6, 1844

... President Joseph Smith said ... He was not a fallen prophet, & never in any nearer relationship to God than at the present time...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

65 years ago today - Apr 6, 1959

President David O. McKay issued his famous "Every member a missionary" slogan.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

180 years ago today - Apr 6, 1844

First counselor Rigdon tells general conference: "There are men standing in your midst that you can't do anything with them but cut their throat & bury them."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

120 years ago today - Apr 6, 1904; Wednesday

At noon today, between the sessions of the conference, the First Council of Seventy met at the office of the First Presidency, also Thomas E. Bassett, President of the Fremont [Idaho] Stake, Moses W. Taylor, President of Summit [Utah] Stake, and Jesse N. Smith, President of Snowflake [Arizona] Stake, these being all the prominent presiding officers that could be reached handily. President [Joseph F.] Smith informed them that the Apostles met yesterday afternoon, also this morning at nine o'clock, for the purpose of considering the exigencies of the present, said to be existing in reference to alleged plural marriages having been solemnized; and he said that the First Presidency and Apostles had decided to issue an official declaration on the subject, which was then read to them. After which they were invited to support it at the conference this afternoon, if they felt they could do so, with the understanding that each person present was left free to express himself in regard to it.
Questions were asked which drew from President Smith the statement that this declaration was nothing more nor less than confirmatory of President [Wilford] Woodruff's manifesto of 1890; adding that if any plural marriages had been performed they were performed without his knowledge or consent, and that persons having entered into them, or solemnized them, must be held responsible for their acts to the law of the land, as well as the rule and discipline of the Church. With this understanding the position of the First Presidency was endorsed on motion of George Reynolds.

[The "Second Manifesto" denies there has been General Authority- sanctioned plural marriages since 1890 Manifesto and threatens excommunication for anyone entering plural marriage. Some apostles continue performing and entering new plural marriages for almost two more years. Joseph F. Smith would later sanction two additional plural marriages.]

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

185 years ago today - Apr 6, 1839 (Saturday)

Joseph Smith, jun., and fellow-prisoners were started from Liberty jail, to Gallatin, Daviess County, Mo., where they arrived on the 8th, and were again subjected to a mock trial before a drunken court and jury.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

120 years ago today - Apr 6, 1904

[Andrew Jensen]
The resolution in regard to polygamous marriages [2nd Manifesto] sent a thrill through the congregation; it was simply emphasizing what had been done before.

[Andrew Jenson, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Apr 6, 1889

The first Relief Society general conference was held in the Assembly Hall in Salt Lake City. Twenty stakes were represented.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

135 years ago today - Sat. April 6th 1889

(Gen. Conf.) "John W, Taylor then spoke on the subject of faith, and told the people when they did not have sufficient faith to have their sick healed, they should secure the services of a physician and not let their sick die through neglect and ignorance."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Apr 6, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
April 6, 1884 Sunday The Conference Met at the Big Tabernacle at 10 oclok the building Crouded to its utmost Capacity some thousands went away that Could not get Standing room in the Building. I should Judge there was 12,000 people present. ...

There arived in our midst this Morning seven Chiefs & Leading Men of the Maricopy and Pimos lead By Brothers Rogers & Ray had Come some 700 Miles to attend the Conference from Arizona. They were reporting of many thousands of the Lamanits. Cheroquas Erastus who I baptized ordained a seventy at St George was one of them. They were much interested in the great Tabernacle and Congregation.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Sunday, April 6th, 1884

[General Authority Abraham H. Cannon]
Last day of Gen. Conf. "At a Priesthood meeting held in the evening (after the Hall was cleared of all those who were not worthy of being present by arranging the brethren according to wards and stakes" the strongest language in regard to Plural Marriage was used that I ever heard, and among other things it was stated that all men in positions who would not observe and fulfill that law should be removed from their places. The Spirit of the Lord rested powerfully upon the First Presidency each of whom addressed the meeting. All present felt the force of the remarks made."

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Apr 6, 1884

... At 7 PM. A meeting of the Priesthood was held in the assembly hall, President John Taylor, G. Q. Cannon, and Joseph F. Smith, occupied the time, till 10 PM, chiefly on celestial marriage, saying it was binding on all the Latter-day-saints, and that no man was entitled to the right of the Presiding, without abiding this law. They advised Presidents of Stakes, who have not obeyed this law to do so; or resign their positions as presidents. [John Taylor names three monogamous stake presidents.]

[John, David - Journal 1882-85, http://welshmormon.byu.edu/Resource_Info.aspx?id=4081 (accessed 10/2/2014)]

140 years ago today - Apr 6, 1884

James E. Talmage writes in his journal of his experiments with hashish: "Continued my experiment by taking 20 grains Cannabis Indica and the effect was felt in a not very agreeable way." Talmage lectures to the Brigham Young Academy faculty in Sep on "The Effects of the Narcotic Hashish on the Human System," but the Faculty Minute Book do not record whether he mentioned the source of his information.

145 years ago today - Apr 6, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
F[rancis]. M. [Lyman?] was the choice of the majority of the brethren who spoke on the subject [i.e., filling the vacancy in the Twelve following the death of Orson Hyde], but President [John] Taylor decided for Moses [Thatcher] and he was carried.

[Joseph F. Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

160 years ago today - Apr 6, 1864 (Evening)

[Brigham Young]
Priesthood meeting this evening President Young addressed the priesthood at some length and all were very much blessed. He exhorted the saints not to run after gold mines but pray that the precious ore might not be found ...

[Elijah Larkin Diary, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Jun 4, 1854

Brigham Young, president of the church, advised Latter-day Saint women to organize into societies within local wards to assist American Indians and others in need.

[Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

170 years ago today - Apr 6, 1854

Jedediah M Grant: Ordained apostle but not to Quorum of Twelve 6 Apr. 1854, and ordained second counselor in First Presidency same day

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Apr 6, 1844

[Joseph Fielding]
I have attended the Grand Council [Council of Fifty], as I will call it. Elder Woodworth has returned from Texas. The prospect of our obtaining room to form a colony there is fair.

At the last Grand Council I attended, William and Wilson Law, R. D. Foster and those in connection with them were by the voice of the council delivered up to the buffetings of Satan, after having been visited in all kindness by two of the brethren.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

180 years ago today - Apr 6, 1844

... President Joseph Smith said ... He was not a fallen prophet, & never in any nearer relationship to God than at the present time...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Apr 6, 1844

First counselor Rigdon tells general conference: "There are men standing in your midst that you can't do anything with them but cut their throat & bury them."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - Apr 6, 1839 (Saturday)

Joseph Smith, jun., and fellow-prisoners were started from Liberty jail, to Gallatin, Daviess County, Mo., where they arrived on the 8th, and were again subjected to a mock trial before a drunken court and jury.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

90 years ago today - Apr 5, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
The Presidency discussed the question of filling the vacancy in the office of Presiding Patriarch, and we did not feel impressed to nominate Hyrum G. Smith's son, so we concluded to allow matters to continue as they are now with Nicholas G. Smith as acting patriarch.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

120 years ago today - Apr 5, 1904

Joseph F. Smith criticizes a ward bishop for giving a temple recommend to a friendly non-Mormon who uses it to receive the endowment ceremony.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Apr 5, 1899

[Franklin D. Richards]
During this closing quarterly Council Apostle [Heber J.] Grant & [Abraham Owen] Woodruff testified of fulfilment of prophecies uttered by me at our previous Council in their behalfs personally & several expressed themselves cordially in my behalf which encourages me.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 5, 1894

[John Henry Smith]
The Presidency and members of the Quorum of 12 met at 10 a.m. Prest. W. Woodruff announced the Doctrine of adoption to be that the members of famalies should connect their line just as far as possible and then join the whole to the Prophet. Wives in the church can have ordinances performed for their dead husband who were not in the church and be sealed to such husband.

We had a most happy day, all present endorsing this Doctrine. We partook of the sacrament. It was a most joyous day.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

130 years ago today - Apr 5, 1894

At meeting of First Presidency and apostles, Wilford Woodruff announces revelation which ends practice of adopting (sealing) men to LDS leaders. He instructs Mormons to seal each generation of ancestors to preceding generation. This results in program of genealogical research. His published sermon is only available text of the revelation. Old form of adoption ordinance continues sporadically in LDS temples with high of fifteen adoptions ceremonies in 1910. The revelation is never canonized.

On a different matter George Q. Cannon says, "I believe in concubinage, or some plan whereby men and women can live together under sacred ordinances and vows until they can be married," to which President Woodruff responds, "If men enter into some practice of this character to raise a righteous posterity, they will be justified in it." Woodruff adds, "The day is near when there will be no difficulty in the way of good men securing noble wives."

130 years ago today - Apr 5, 1894

[Regarding Wilford Woodruff's revelation on adoptions and sealings:] Brother [George Q.] Cannon has been baptized for Thomas L. Kane and for several congressmen which was approved. ... Elder Mar[r]iner W[ood]. Merrill said President [John] Taylor condemned adoptions as done in Nauvoo [Illinois] and directed that no adoptions be permitted except by special permission of the First Presidency and this course he had been governed by [as president of the Logan temple] ...

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Friday, Apr 5, 1889

[John Henry Smith]
[Meeting of First Presidency and Council of Twelve Apostles] W. Woodruff, L. Snow, F. D. Richards, G. Q. Cannon, B. Young, Jos. F. Smith, M. Thatcher, G. Teasdale, H. J. Grant. J. W. Taylor, L.J. Nuttall and myself being present. President W. Woodruff stated he felt it was time to organize the first Presidency. L. Snow spoke and moved that W. Woodruff be president and name his Councillors. All present spoke in favor of organizing the presidency and Bro. W. Woodruff was unanimously sustained. He chose for Councillors G. Q. Cannon and Jos. F. Smith. After a few explanations by some of the brethren they were both unanimously accepted.

Bro. L. Snow was made President of the Twelve and F. D. Richards Historian of the church.

There had been no first presidency for over nineteen months.]

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

135 years ago today - Apr 5, 1889

[Following Wilford Woodruff's announcement that the Lord had inspired him to call George Q. Cannon and Joseph F. Smith as his counselors] Moses Thatcher said that he was glad to hear that the Lord had manifested to Prest. Woodruff that Prest. Cannon should be one of his Counselors and that he regretted that he had not also manifested the same to him, but as he had had no manifestation he should accept the one to Prest Woodruff and Snow, and he hoped that he would get the manifestation for himself at some future time.

Said that there was some of the people that lacked confidence in some of Prest. Cannon's financial moves.

Lorenzo Snow said that he did not doubt the statement of Bro. Thatcher but that made no difference as the same feelings existed against the Prophet Joseph, against Brigham Young and every other man that done his duty. Wilford Woodruff will not escape as some of the people will be sure to find fault with his administration.

Geo. Q. Cannon said that the remarks made by Moses confirms me in my position that I should not be selected as one of the Counselors of Prest. Woodruff. ...

Wilford Woodruff said that he knew that Prest. Cannon had the confidence of the saints. We spent three days and nights about a year ago confessing brother Cannon's sins and nothing that was brought up against him stood and I dont feel like going over that ground again.

Brigham Young said that he could not understand the position of Bro. Moses as he had said that he acknowledged that the mind and will of the Lord had come to us through the President and then he had brought up things that were passed such an action on Moses' part hurt his feelings and were some thing that he could not understand.

Joseph F. Smith said that he felt a little childish and that it was hard for him to control his feeling (there were tears in his eyes and voice also as he spoke) so that he could express his sentiments. If he had the choice to go to China or to be one of the counselors of the President of the church he would prefer the mission to China. He did not want any position in the church, but he was willing to work he was satisfied that the Lord was with Prest. Woodruff in his selection of Bro Cannon and he could sustain him with all of his heart, and he was glad of the privilege to sustain both Bros. Woodruff and Cannon. Did not think that we should cast Moses out of our affections simply because he had not had the manifestation that Prest. Cannon was called of the Lord. ...

Heber J. Grant said that he did not think that brother Young was justified in making the remarks that he had done regarding Moses I did not think that there was any blame attached to a man simply because he did not have a manifestation of the Lord on some subject. ....

The vote on the counselors was put and unanimously carried.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

140 years ago today - Apr 5, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
Talmage ingested cannabis for the second time, increasing the dosage. Reports feeling no effects.

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

140 years ago today - Apr 5, 1884

John Taylor declindes to release the church's annual financial report because "it is none of the business of outsiders to know about our financial matters." This is due to the federal government's anti-polygamy campaign against the church.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

165 years ago today - Apr 5, 1859

Future Church President Joseph F. Smith marries his first cousin Levira Annette Clark Smith. Eight years later she divorces him charging that her husband had "been guilty of the crime of Adultery with several different women.".

175 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 5, 1849

The Council, on the 5th of April, appointed William Clayton and Thomas Bullock auditors of public accounts. A letter was written to Samuel Brannan, San Francisco, desiring him to forward, by Elder A[masa] Lyman, his tithing and $20,000 dollars in gold dust for me [Brigham Young] and the same amount for my counsellors.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

180 years ago today - Apr 5, 1844

[Wilford Woodruff]
I attended the dedication of the Nauvoo Masonic Hall which was truly grand and interesting the first dedication of the kind I ever attended. The procession was grand being Composed of about 500 members. [Hyrum Smith dedicated the Masonic temple, which Joseph Smith calls "the most substantial and best finished Masonic Temple in the Western States."]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

10 years ago today - 2014-04-05

Ordain Women Second Priesthood Session Action

... Ordain Women supporters entered the standby ticket line at the Tabernacle, and one by one requeste admission to the Priesthood Session of General Conference. All women were rejected and refused admission.

[Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

180 years ago today - Apr 5, 1844 - Friday

[Council of Fifty]
.... Er John Taylor explained further the views of—and the course pursued by the committee. He referred to the lack of power and correct principles in the various governments of the earth.

The chairman [Joseph Smith] explained the meaning of the word "Ahman" which signifies the first man or first God, and "Ahman Christ" signifies the first mans son. ...

Er R[eynolds] Cahoon considered the subject before the council ahead of every thing presented to his view ever before; that we were preparing a foundation for the fulfilment of the prophets; that the constitutions of the nations of the earth compared to the constitutions of Gods kingdom is like the skeleton of a horse head, compared to the head itself ...

Er Levi Richards has been extremely interested in the contemplations of the evening. Never had felt those lofty songs of freedom burn within him as on this evening. We want laws to govern us, which are, "thus saith the Lord. God has said of the last days that he would rule all nations with a rod of Iron which is the word of God. ...

Er H[eber] C. Kimball said he had sweat an hour, and wanted to say a few words. The spirit had been like fire in his bones, He said we must lay a foundation broad enough to reinstate all things which have not been made perfect. We must swallow the whole stream and then will have all power.

Er [Brigham] Young. said spirits had been more susceptible these few councils than ever before. ... No line can be drawn between the church and other governments, of the spritual and temporal affairs of the church. Revelations must govern. ...

Er E[rastus] Snow spake in favor of Moses' government.

Er D[avid] D. Yearsley spoke of his experience He had found since he had come into this church that we had got to be men. Never considered himself decently whip't until he was whipt with a rod taken out of his own hand, and many other good things. ...

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

15 years ago today - 4/5/2009

[Same-Sex Marriage]
Elder Dallin H. Oaks mentions Proposition 8 issues in Sunday afternoons General Conference session, noting that Latter-day Saints are renowned for their ability to unite in service toward a common goal, comparing the work of early pioneers, modern "Helping Hand" service and recent political campaigns to defend marriage which, for some, involved "great sacrifice and continuing personal pain." Members' work at Church teaches them how to benefit the larger community, so LDS volunteers are in great demand in many areas. "No outside copying of our organization and no application of blind obedience could duplicate the record of this Church or the performance of its members." He notes that those who fail to perform selfless service are perhaps caught in Satan's traps or focused on "things of the world" not the Lord's standards.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

185 years ago today - Apr 5, 1839 (Friday)

A company of about fifty men in Daviess County, Mo., swore that they would never eat or drink until they had murdered Joseph the Prophet.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

90 years ago today - Apr 5, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
The Presidency discussed the question of filling the vacancy in the office of Presiding Patriarch, and we did not feel impressed to nominate Hyrum G. Smith's son, so we concluded to allow matters to continue as they are now with Nicholas G. Smith as acting patriarch.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

195 years ago today - Apr 5, 1829

Young schoolteacher Oliver Cowdery arrives in Harmony and becomes a scribe for Smith as he resumes the translation of the gold plates. The two men finish work in June.

[Whitney, Helen, Timeline: The Early History of the Mormons, A Frontline and American Experience Co-Production,

www.pbs.org/mormons/timeline/]

120 years ago today - Apr 5, 1904

Joseph F. Smith criticizes a ward bishop for giving a temple recommend to a friendly non-Mormon who uses it to receive the endowment ceremony.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Apr 5, 1899

[Franklin D. Richards]
During this closing quarterly Council Apostle [Heber J.] Grant & [Abraham Owen] Woodruff testified of fulfilment of prophecies uttered by me at our previous Council in their behalfs personally & several expressed themselves cordially in my behalf which encourages me.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Thursday, Apr 5, 1894

[John Henry Smith]
The Presidency and members of the Quorum of 12 met at 10 a.m. Prest. W. Woodruff announced the Doctrine of adoption to be that the members of famalies should connect their line just as far as possible and then join the whole to the Prophet. Wives in the church can have ordinances performed for their dead husband who were not in the church and be sealed to such husband.

We had a most happy day, all present endorsing this Doctrine. We partook of the sacrament. It was a most joyous day.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

130 years ago today - Apr 5, 1894

At meeting of First Presidency and apostles, Wilford Woodruff announces revelation which ends practice of adopting (sealing) men to LDS leaders. He instructs Mormons to seal each generation of ancestors to preceding generation. This results in program of genealogical research. His published sermon is only available text of the revelation. Old form of adoption ordinance continues sporadically in LDS temples with high of fifteen adoptions ceremonies in 1910. The revelation is never canonized.

On a different matter George Q. Cannon says, "I believe in concubinage, or some plan whereby men and women can live together under sacred ordinances and vows until they can be married," to which President Woodruff responds, "If men enter into some practice of this character to raise a righteous posterity, they will be justified in it." Woodruff adds, "The day is near when there will be no difficulty in the way of good men securing noble wives."