45 years ago today - Jul 18, 1974

AFRICA TODAY reports that BYU singing group "Brigham Young University Sounds" toured South Africa. The usual name of the group, "Sounds of Freedom" was changed for this trip. The white apartheid government of South Africa thought the word "freedom" might be too politically charged, since it is normally associated with the struggle for black majority rule. The group performed with the South African Defense Forces Band and proceeds from the concerts benefitted the South African Border Relief Fund and the Rhodesian Terrorist Victims' Relief Fund. According to AFRICA NEWS, "Both funds were set up by whites to support military efforts against African [black] guerrilla movements seeking majority rule."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

70 years ago today - Jul 18, 1949

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
I was in session with Elders Harold B. Lee, Marion G. Romney and Bishop Legrand Richards. The first two brethren and I are the members of the publication committee. Bishop Richards has written a book on Gospel principles which he desires to have published for the benefit of missionaries. Each member of the committee went over the manuscript separately and then made a report on the findings. This report contained many suggestions and corrections in the doctrine of this treatise. It took us four hours to consider these matters with the Bishop, some of our conclusions not pleasing him, some of which he felt were vital to his story. In most instances, after considerable discussion we convince[d] him, but in others he was not convinced, but in our united judgment he was in error.

[Joseph Fielding Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jul 18, 1894

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
We had a visitation by Cyrus H Wheelock who was Approaching Death by a Cancer on the Tongue & in the mouth. He was the Last Man that left Joseph & Hyrum Smith in Carthage Jail before their Martrdom. We laid hands upon him & Blessed him.

[Wheelock had smuggled guns to Joseph Smith in Carthage Jail]

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jul 18, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I Attended A Prysbeterian meeting. The priest sprinkled A Child & Called it baptism. It was an abomination in the sight of God.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 18, 1844

[Orson Hyde sermon]
... A word about Br Joseph being killed. Some have thought he could not be killed. But the Lord never said so neither did Joseph say so. ... But as I am in the midst of the Prophetic Editors like Saul I ketch some of the spirit of Prophecy, & so I will prophecy that instead of the work dying it will be like the mustard stock that was ripe that a man undertook to throw out of his garding and scattered seed all over it and next year it was nothing but mustard. It will be so by shedding the blood of the prophets. It will make 10 saints whare their is one now.

... The prophet Joseph may appear in this day to his brethren.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Jul 17, 1934

[John A. Widstoe]
We all recognize or should recognize at this time that the principle or law of evolution cannot be gainsaid. Whether in the operation of that law the body of man is a product of the same line of ancestry which lies back of other animal forms is of course quite another question. If it be accepted that the body of man came up through the evolutionary process, it still does not follow that al life upon the earth developed from a single germ, which so many rather careless thinkers have insisted upon as being the case, and thereby confuse the issue at stake. If in some other manner, the body of man was brought about the Almighty, I shall still be content. After considerable reading and study and thought, I have come to the conclusion that for one I must hold my judgment with respect to the origin of man in suspense. I am doing this not because of any fear of being in opposition to Church doctrine but candidly because existing facts do not satisfy my mind upon the subject.

[John A. Widtsoe, Letter to Sterling B. Talmage, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jul 17, 1894

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
17 July 1894 President Cleveland Signed the Bill this day which gave Utah admission into the Union as a State Government. This has been a hard Struggle for years as it had Seemed as though all Earth & Hell had been Combined against the Latter Day Saints Having a State Government. And now we have to Give God the Glory for our admission into the Union.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Jul 17, 1879

John Taylor, as president of Zion's Savings Bank and Trust, has the vice president of the bank destroy two notes for $50,000 (possibly of Taylor's personal indebtedness).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jul 17, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I have never shed a tear since I heard of the death of the prophets untill this morning but my whole soul has felt nerved up like steel.

/Elder B. Young arived in Boston this morning. I walked with him to 57 Temple st and called upon sister Voice. Br Young took the bed and I the big Chair, and I here veiled my face and for the first time gave vent to my grief and mourning for the Prophet and Patriarch of the Church Joseph and Hiram Smith who were murdered by a gentile mob. After being bathed by a flood of tears I felt composed.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

205 years ago today - Jul 17, 1814

William Clayton, hymn composer of "Come, Come, Ye Saints" and secretary to Joseph Smith is born in Penwortham, England.

120 years ago today - Sunday, Jul 16, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
Pres. Snow said that he was over 85 years of age and that the little children before him, if they would do right, could live to be 85, 95, 100 years and longer. ... Also spoke of the law of consecration and said that sooner or later—not today or tomorrow—we would have to observe that law. If it had been observed by the people of Jackson County from that day to this, we would now have power over the nations and would be the richest community on earth. There would not be a poor man or woman in the Church. The Church will never get out of debt, the Lord will not allow us to get out of debt, unless we pay a proper tithing. I say to you in the name of the Lord God of Israel that He will not let us pass along in relation to that law as we have done without bringing trouble upon us.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jul 16, 1894

Apostle John Henry Smith meets with Apostle Moses Thatcher and remarks that "Bro. Moses Thatcher been very poorly. He had up to ten p.m. last night not taken any Morphine for over one hundred and twenty hours." Thatcher, chronically ill, is trying to overcome morphine addiction.

Apostle Marriner W. Merrill performs the ceremony in the Logan Temple which marries his daughter Hattie L. Merrill as a plural wife to John William. Barnett. The authorization for this is signed by First Presidency Counselor George Q. Cannon on behalf of Church President Wilford Woodruff. This is the first post-Manifesto plural marriage performed in the United States by (verified) written authorization of First Presidency. Marriage occurs in Logan temple.

135 years ago today - Jul 16, 1884

Death by self-inflicted morphine overdose of Lavina Triplett Careless, famous Utah singer and wife of Professor George Careless, director of Mormon Tabernacle Choir.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

155 years ago today - Jul 16, 1864

Brigham Young writes to Daniel H. Wells who is in Liverpool: "A few days ago Bishop Sharp rented the store opposite the South Gate of the Temple Block to Capt. Stover, for the use of the Commissary Department, and on Sunday the 10th inst., while I was in Provo, a skeleton company of cavalry occupied it as Provost Guard. This move being entirely contrary to the purpose for which the building was rented and altogether uncalled for, caused a little excitement, which, however, allayed soon after my return." Young returned to Salt Lake City accompanied by a guard of over 1000 Mormons. Three days later Army leaders wired instructions to General Connor in Salt Lake City to remove the provost guard citing "much dissatisfaction [that] may result" due to its presence.

165 years ago today - Jul 16, 1854

[Heber C. Kimball]
". . . our females . . . are not unclean, for we wipe all unclean ones from our midst: we not only wipe them from our streets, but we wipe them out of existence...so help me God, while I live, I will lend my hand to wipe such persons out: and I know this people will."

"These are my views, and the Lord knows that I believe in the principles of sanctification; and when I am guilty of seducing any man's wife, or any woman in God's world, I say, sever my head from my body."

[Heber C Kimball (First Presidency), Millennial Star, vol. 16, p. 739; also printed in the Journal of Discourses, vol. 7, p. 19-20; Mormon Bookshelf: Blood Atonement, http://mormonbookshelf.com/wiki/Blood_Atonement]

170 years ago today - Jul 16, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I left Mr Eldridge & shouldered my travelling bag & walked and walked 7 miles to M C Cor-rells & waited 3 Hours for the Stage to go to St Johns. When it came along it was loaded down & Could not take me.

Here I was 42 miles from St Johns on foot & no Conveyance with A Heavy travelling bag with A vast burning forest to go through. I did not stop to meditate or complain of my situation but swung my carpet bag over my shoulder again & started on my journey on foot in good spirits. Most of the road was through dens forest rocky & poor soil. Many parts of the forest was inhabited by bears & wolves.

After travelling a few miles I overtook an Irishman on foot. We walked together several miles. A man Came in a waggon & took my bag & Carried it 4 miles for me to Mr McGowins which was great relief to me. On my Arival at McGowens I found my bag safe & got a Chance to send [it] on 15 miles further to Mr Tiltons, & was glad to get rid of the load if I had to walk myself. I took dinner here the Irishman left. I saw no more of him. I had now walked about 20 miles at 1 oclok besides waiting 3 hours for The stage. I had 15 m more to walk before I Could stop for the night.

I found the whole forest as I came along laid waste by the late fires which swept fences, dwellings, barns, Mills, lumber yard & evry thing els in its march & but few dwellings remaining. Although I began to be vary weary & lame yet I entered the dark forest before me And I found my last 15 miles A sore dreary road indeed. And it seemed as though I could not get through.

And when I did arive at Mr Tiltons I was so lame I could scearcely walk at all & was under the Necessity of going to bed without my supper. I washed myself in Cold water from Head to foot to take the soreness out of my cords & limbs & went to bed but was to weary to sleep much. I had walked this day 35 m A thing I had not done before in 10 years.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 16, 1844

[Brigham Young Manuscript History - constructed later from other sources]
While at Brother Bement's house in Peterboro', I heard a letter read which Brother Livingston had received from Mr. Joseph Powers, of Nauvoo, giving particulars of the murder of Joseph and Hyrum. The first thing which I thought of was, whether Joseph had taken the keys of the kingdom with him from the earth; Brother Orson Pratt sat on my left; we were both leaning back on our chairs. Bringing my hand down on my knee, I said the keys of the kingdom are right here with the Church.

Received a letter from Brother Woodruff confirming the news of the death of the Prophets. I started for Boston; stayed at Lowell all night.

His journal entry from that day reads: "tusday 16 started for Boston having heard of Bro J & H. Smiths deth-- came to Lowel stad all night --"

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

175 years ago today - Jul 16, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
... Mrs Woodruff wrote a few lines in it to me the first intelligence I had from her since I left home. She related the following dream that Joseph Smith had a few days before he sealed + his testimony with his blood, about Wm. & Wilson Law:

He thought they bound him and cast him into prision a pit or well as Joseph was anciently. He struggled hard & got up so he could look out & he saw the Laws a little distance off one of them in the hands /grasp/ of a tiger & the other a snake. They called to him to come & help them. He told them they had bound him & they could not. He thought a brother soon came along & took him out of the pit. +

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

20 years ago today - Jul 15, 1999

The American Society of Landscape Architects awards the Church a "once-in-a-century" medallion for its landscaping and gardens at Church headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah.

70 years ago today - Jul 15, 1949

[David O. McKay]
8:30 a.m.'William W. Seegmiller called by appointment at his request'discussed the liquor problem, and the question of reducing the price of liquor here in the State. Bro. Seegmiller reported that Chairman of the Liquor Commission said to him: 'The Governor won't do anything about it'I understand the Governor isn't going to commit himself until he consults McKay.' Bro. Seegmiller said he answered him: 'Do you mean President McKay?' The Chairman said 'Yes.' Bro. Seegmiller said he said: 'If that is the case, I am going to call President McKay right now and ask him when he has the appointment.'

Brother Seegmiller and I both look with disfavor upon the reducing of the cost of liquor: first, because it will increase consumption, and (2) it will in all likelihood decrease the revenue to the State.

I told Brother Seegmiller, I did not thing it would be wise for me to call the Governor on this matter, but if he (the Governor) calls me I should be pleased to discuss the question with him. ...

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

90 years ago today - Jul 15, 1929

The Tabernacle Choir started a weekly network radio broadcast on NBC [with Anthon Lund]. Richard L. Evans joined the program with his sermonettes in June 1930. "Music and the Spoken Word" eventually switched to KSL Radio on the CBS network, and has since become the longest continuing network radio broadcast in history.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

125 years ago today - Jul 15, 1894

Mormon outlaw Robert LeRoy Parker, also known as Butch Cassidy, is sentenced to two years hard labor in Wyoming penitentiary for horse theft. This charge is different than the one for which he was arrested two years previously. This is the only jail sentence Parker/Cassidy ever serves.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

155 years ago today - Jul 15, 1864

Assistant Adjutant General Richard C. Drum, staff officer of the Army of the Pacific, wires General Patrick Edward Connor, commander at Ft. Douglas: "The major-general commanding the department approves of your determination to avoid a conflict with the Mormons. Do so by all means. Is there not some other cause than the mere presence of the guard in the city? Examine closely. Remove the guards and troops rather than their presence should cause a war."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

50 years ago today - Jul 14, 1969

President N. Eldon Tanner of the first Presidency dedicates the Salt Palace in Salt Lake City, Utah.

70 years ago today - Jul 14, 1949

[Frank Evans]
Bishop LeGrand Richards phoned me re request of Willard's to put cigarette vending machine in bus station at Temple Square Hotel. No objection so long as hotel premises are free from 'contamination.'

[Frank Evans Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Jul 14, 1909; Wednesday

[Joseph F. Smith and John R. Winder letter to C. L. Olsen]
[W]e were reminded of the published utterances of the late President Brigham Young to the effect, that the spirit enters the body of the unborn child at the time of what is known as quickening; and the conclusion was therefore reached by us that until the Lord reveals something to the contrary, it would be well for us not to teach or publish anything having a tendency to conflict with the published views of President Brigham Young.

[Joseph F. Smith and John R. Winder, letter to C. L. Olsen, Kenney Papers, original in LDS Archives]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 14, 1904

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
The clerk read a letter from Elder Nephi Pratt, pres. N.W. States Mission. ... The people in the N.W. States Mission, he said, were dead to the gospel. Baptisms for last year would scarcely average one to the elder. ...

Pres. [William A.] Hyde of the Pocatello Stake requested that the apostle attending the Blackfoot Stake in the near future be instructed to stop over at Pocatello and organize a prayer circle. Request granted...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jul 14, 1899; Friday

The sum of $600 was appropriated for Brother Andrew Kimball, as compensation for his services as Stake President.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Jul 14, 1894

President Grover Cleveland signed an act that provided for statehood for Utah. This culminated 47 years of effort on the part of Mormons in Utah to achieve this status.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

170 years ago today - Jul 14, 1849

Following the discovery of gold in California, Latter-day Saints at the site send gold dust to Salt Lake City as tithing.

175 years ago today - Jul 14, 1844, Sunday

[William Clayton Writings]
About the middle of July, the sisters of the branches of LaHarpe and Macedonia sent word to the temple committee and stated their anxiety to see this building progress still more rapidly.

They proposed if the committee would build another crane, they would furnish the means to build it with, and seemed wishful to go ahead with it immediately. The committed and recorder councilled on the subject and it was decided to comply with the wishes of the sisters.

Sister Clark, wife of Raymond Clark, was authorized to collect the contributions. She immediately started, and returned on the 29th with money and other property, amounting in the whole to $194, which was more than sufficient to build a new crane.

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 13, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
... The sacrament was then partaken of. Pres. Jos. F. Smith was mouth in blessing the bread and wine, which was supplied in sufficient abundance to satisfy all present. A very enjoyable time was passed at the table, after which an adjournment was taken, Pres. F. D. Richards offering the benediction.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

155 years ago today - Jul 13, 1864

General Patrick Edward Connor, commander at Fort Douglas, telegraphs his superiors: "Encouraged by the unfavorable news from the East, the Mormons are assuming a very hostile attitude. They have about 1,000 men under arms and are still assembling, and threaten to drive my provost guard from the city; alleged excuse for armed demonstration, the presence of the provost guard in the city. My command is much scattered, having only 300 men at this camp. If conflict takes place, which I will endeavor to avoid, can hold my position until re-enforced from neighboring Territories."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

160 years ago today - Jul 13, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
President Young invited me to meet at his House at 2 oclok as He was going to have an interview with Horace Greely.

I met agreeable to invitation. I Found Mr Greely A Singular looking man. He was midling well dressed white but bald Headed. His head vary dirty. Looked as though He had not washed his Head since He Came off the plains. He had quite a feminine soft green appearance. He asked many Question.

Questions Asked By Horace Greely & Answered

By Brigham Young

At 2 oclock P.M. The following Persons met at President Youngs upper Room Lion House in the Mansion: B Young H. C. Kimball D H. Wells J. M. Bernhisel W Woodruff S M Blair H Stout A Carrington J. Ferguson Elias Smith, & Horace Greely Editor of the Tribune when the following Conversation took place after the Company was introduced to Mr Greely by the Hon J. M. Bernhisel. Also Joseph & Brigham Young jr. was introduced But they soon left.

Mr Greely asked Presidet Young what is the difference between your religion & Church from the Christian world?

B.Y. The difference between us is that we believe that No Church is the Church of God, who has not the Holy Priesthood. We have the Priesthood & the sects of the day have not got it. The Lord has delivered the Priesthood unto us & without the priesthood no man has authority to administer in the ordinances of the gospel.

G. Do you believe in faith & what is it?

B.Y. We do. Paul said it was the substance of things hoped for the evidence of things not seen.

G. What do you Believe about slavery?

BY. We believe what the Bible sayes about it. There was a Curse put upon Cain & his seed & that Curse will remain untill it is taken off. They were to be servants.

G. Is this a slave territory or are there slaves here?

Y. There is slaves here or have been from time to time.

G. Then this would become a slave state would it not if it was admitted?

Y. No the Climate & situation would not admit of it. Slavery is a thing I do not want any thing to do with it. I Consider it more of a Course to a man to have slaves than a Blessing.

G. So I think. Do you tithe the people if so what for?

Y. Yes one tenth to Build Temples, & to Feed the poor and I want you to understand one thing & I want you to write it just as I tell you & that is I do not have so much as one Cabbage or ear of Corn of the tithing ownly what I pay for.

G. Do you have a salary?

Y. No sir not one cent.

G. Then how do you get your living?

Y. I would think myself a poor financeer if I Could not work for Nothing & keep myself. There is No man from the Highest to the lowest in the Church that Has a salary. The Presidency, Twelve Seventies & all the Elders who labour for the interest of the Church do it without a salary. The Elders travel the world over as it were & go without purse or scrip or money & all preach without a salary.

While building a Temple in Kirtland we had a Committee of three who spent there whole time. They were allowed $1 per day each man. We had a Committee of three in building the Nauvoo Temple. They had $2 per day each. I do not know of any other who have a salary. Joseph Smith one gave H. C. Kimball Credit of $2 on Book for some labour. Brother Kimball had it taken off. Said he would not have a Credit for it.

We have appointed a Committee of one Mr D. H. Wells to superintend the building of a Temple here. He has No salary. I prefer a Committee of one instead of any more to transact any kind of business if I want to do it with dispatch. Then he does not have others to Council but Can act upon his own judgment.

We hire men /& clerks/ to work in the Church who spend all there time as day labourers. We pay them wages.

G. Do not the Bishops have salarys?

Y. No Sir.

[G.] Are all the Mormons under obligation to gather together and upon what principle are they required to gather?

Y. Yes we Consider ourselves under obligation to gather together By the Commandments of God. The Bible teaches the subjet of the Gathering in the last days.

G. We have understood that the Bible teaches the Jews to gather to old Jerrusalem.

Y. Yes & it also teaches the Saints to gather to Zion.

G. Do you think there Can be any Collision between the Mormons & the United States?

Y. Not if they let us alone & do not persecute us more than we are able to bear, but they Can Croud us to a point which would make a Collission.

[G.] What was the Cause of so much oposition to Joseph Smith? They accused him of stealing Horses & Cattle & doing much Evil. Now the Methodist used to be much opposed & were vary unpopular. But I do not recollet of hearing them accused of such Crimes as the Mormons are. I am vary unpopular in my religion. I am a whole souled Universalist yet we are not accused of such crimes & I do not recollet that the Saints were in the days of Christ.

B.Y. I think sin. If you will look carefully at the History of Christ & the Apostles you will find that all manner of Evil was spoken against them falsly. As to Joseph Smth he was a good man & he was persecuted even unto death because he did do good. He passed through over 30 law suits got up by his enemies & it was shown in evry instance that He was innocent & it was got up through persecution.

G. What are the Danites and what information Can you give me Concerning them?

Y. I Cannot give you any information Conserning them. You will have to [be] enquiring of our Enemies & they can tell you all about it. We know nothing about any Danites. We have no such society or Company among us.

G. You are accused of many Crimes.

Y. And so were the saints in the days of Christ & the Apostles. Evry exertion has been made from the begining to Bring some accusation against us. While trying Joseph in Missouri before Judge A King He asked Joseph if he believed in the se[tling?] of the kingdom in the last days that the prophet Daniel spoke of. Joseph said he believed what the Bible said about it. The Judge said Clerk put that down. That is treason. Col Donaphen who was Josephs Lawyier said you had better make the bible treason & [be] don with it. In the days of Christ the Jews said if we let him alone he will Come & take away our state & Nation. That is what our enemies are afraid of now that we shall esstablish the kingdom of God.

G. Do you believe in infant sprinkling?

Y. No we baptize Believers By emersion.

G. Do you believe in any New doctrin?

Y. No none ownly what the Bible & Book of mormon teaches. Have you not read the Book of Mormon?

G. But vary little of it. How extensive are miracle in the Church & are they Confined to the leaders of the Church?

Y. They are as extensive as it is the will of God to give. They are not Confined to the Head But all Elders lay hands upon the sick when Called upon and the sick are often healed.

G. Yes but some die I suppose.

Y. Yes the saints & sinners have died in every age. Death has passed upon all mankind & they Cannot escape it.

G. Your doctrin of Polygamy is not that against the Bible? Paul said A Bishop should have one wife.

Y. That is Correct Doctrin. You should not take a single man for a Bishop. He should at least have one wife. But Paul did not say that he should not have but one. There is nothing in Pauls words against his having a dozen.

[G.] How many wives has any one man had in the Church?

BY. I suppose I have as many as any one man. I have some 15. I have some aged women sealed to me upon the principle of sealing which I no more think of making a wife of than I would my Grand Mother.

G. Has it been long that Poligamy has been practiced in the Church?

Y. It has been practiced for some 16 years. Have you not read the revelation given upon that subject?

G. I have not. I think it has not been published till late. Did Joseph Smith have more than one wife?

Y. The revelation was published in Aug 1852. Joseph Smith had more than one wife.

G. How do the women receive the Doctrin?

Y. Quite as well as the men. I do not think there is a woman in the Church that opposed it more than I did in my feelings. How many wives have you Mr Greely?

G. Ownly one.

H.C.K. How many Misses do you keep?

G. Not any.

BY. I do not think their is a member of the Church in this room that has had any Connexion with a woman except his wife. If Mr Greely Can say as much, then I think you are virtuous. (He did not answer it.)

G. I would like to visit your Schools while here. Do you have free schools? Do the Church pay for the schooling of all the Children?

Y. No all pay their own schooling at present.

G. I hear that the church is rich.

Y. The Church have some buildings here.

G. While Journeying here it was reported that the animals of the emigrating trains belonged to the Church.

Y. They are not Church animals. They belong to members of the Church probably.

G. Were not the leaders of the Church poor? You say you have no salary. You seem to be wealthy. I do not see how you get your property.

B.Y. I gathered some property in kirtland. I earned it with my hands except half of a pig which weighed 90 lbs which Joseph Gave me. We had to leave kirtland through persecution. I Came to Nauvoo with nothing. I there got a property through my labor & the Blessings of God.

We were driven from our property there & I had to Borrow to get here & now my Property I suppose is worth some three hundred thousand dollars. And you may ask any man in heaven Earth or Hell, if I have wronged him out of a dollar and if you Can find such a man I will make it right. I have wronged No man. I have paid for what I have had as I have said I do not have as much as an Ear of Corn out of the tithing office ownly what I pay for. I Borrowed money to help the poor when I Came here and I want you to write my statement as I give it for it is true as the son.

I financeer my affairs according to the wisdom God has given me & I trust to him & he alone gives me my increase. There are fears here that there will not any potatoes grow. I shall look for potatoes when it is time to dig them. I do so with all my business. The Lord kan make me rich or poor Just as he pleases. I Care not a groat for all the gold & silver in the world and Jesus Christ did not.

G. The leaders of the Church must have some advantage. The City lots here sold for some price. Did it not go to the leaders of the Church?

Y. No all the setlers paid for their City lots was $1.50. $1 to the Surveyor Mr Sherwood & 50 cts to Thomas Bullock the recorder.

G. How do you get farmes here?

Y. The land belongs to the United States and all the Claim setlers have is possession and improvements. When men take up unsurveyed lands they pay the surveyors fees & when they buy improvements they pay for them according to there value, & what they produce all men like to speculate more or less & men are apt to get what they Can.

G. I Calculate that I am about the ownly man who speculates who has not bought some land in the western Country, or a City lot. Many who have speculated in land have become poor. You have had two or three split off. How do you Consider them?

Y. The same as all apostates.

G. Do the Bishops make Bishops or how is itdone?

Y. The people meet in Conference and if they want a man to preside over them as a Bishop they vote for him and he is ordained a Bishop to preside over them.

G. Can the people reduce a Bishop to the laity?

Y. The people Can remove a Bishop from presiding over them by a vote & chuse the one they wish.

G. Who is the President of the Church?

Y. You know that I am the Presidet of the Church. I have my two Councellors. Mr Kimball & Wells here are my Councellors. Then we have Twelve Apostles & Seventies & various Quorums in our organization.

G. My neighbors religion does not trouble me any how & I see no particular harm in your religion and I am glad to learn so much from you about the rule management, & organization of your Church. I now know much more about your Church than I ever have before. How many Clergy men of other sects have Joined your Church?

Y. Not a great many & they are not often worth much when they do Join. For the Clergy men Doctors & Lawyiers make about as poor Saints as any Class of men we have for they do not like to work much & the mormons work for a living and I believe I am about the ownly man who does not work.

G. I think there is not many Editors Come among you by the looks of the papers published here.

Y. No and if they should we should be careful not to Employ them to publish for us.

G. I think it would be a good plan to sow the Canida thistle all over the sage plains & deserts. It would renevate the soil & make food for Cattle.

Y. If that is your opinion pray dont tell the people of it for you Could not introduce a worse plague. If the people was to introduce Canida Thistles it would Come Nearer to driving out the mormons from the Country than any thing els. They would ruin any Country.

G. O I think they would be a great Benefit & if they got into your grass & farming land you Can eisily kill them by mowing & salting them.

Y. I think not.

G. I think the Army was sent here esspecially for your Benefit & the Benefit of Wardle & Russel. You are getting rich through the army.

Y. The people are making money from that source. They introduce money, Cattle, waggons Horses & Mules. The people buy the waggons for the Irons for $15 or $20 of the largest Class, Containing some 6 or 800 lbs which is quite a help to the Country whare Irons is scearce.

G. The whole Country is lined with Iron. There is many miles of Chains & if I lived in the Country I would pick it up & Cash it.

Y. The Government would claim it.

G. I would give them so many days Notice then to take it out of the way & if they did not do it I would take it myself. There is more good timber in one of those large freight waggons than grows in this whole Territory. I dont believe in your having a Famine or that there is going to be any Famine.

Y. What do you refer to?

G. I see it published in the Deseret News.

Y. Yes you refer to Orson Hydes Famine sermon.

G. We had 2 frost in the states & it was reported that evry thing was killed on the 11 June in the North But I do not think that the frosted district was vary extensive.

[Y.] We are improving evry year in agricultural pursuits & when we get all the [Dr?] & Lawyiers to work we shall raise all you want. I dont think we shall have any Famine.

I have travelled through many parts of Europe. They are Capable of raising much food. I think Lombardy with its irrigation is the richest part of Europe.

[G.] Mr Young I shall have to state in my report that I Consider your system of poligamy is reducing the female Here to the oriental state. I see no Chance for the female here for her to develop herself. I see no Female signs out in this City. I see no Chance for a woman ownly to be a first or fifteenth wife.

Y. A woman here has all the Chance or liberty here to develop her talent or Capabilities of doing good & filling her sphere that she has in any Country But I do not want any woman to Council & dictate me in the direction of my affairs. If I did I should think I ought to have been made a woman.

G. I dont Care whether a person is man or woman. I think they should have the privilege of Developing their Talent. It is well enough for a woman to bear Children But I think they ought to rule when they are Capable of it. Queen Elizabeth was the grea[test?] Ruler England Had And Catherine was one of the greatest Soyreigns of Russia But Poligamy I think has a tendency to bury up the talent of women.

H.C.K. Is it worse to be a mans second wife than to be a whore?

G. I dont know that it is.

Here Mr Greely Closed his interigations, Took his hat Bowed to the Company & retired.

After Mr Greely left Conversation turned upon the opposition of our enemies. Presidet Young said the Lord has said he would fight our Battles & give us the victory & he has done it thus Far. Should the Lord say now draw the sword & fight many would Cut their way through an Enemy & turn around & fight over the spoil. This would gratify two many evil hearts and that would not do.

President Kimball said God holds Gov Cummings to do his will for us. If he was to let go of him he would be our bitter Enemy.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jul 13, 1854 (Thursday)

The Jordan river bridge, west of G.S.L. City, was crossed by teams and herds for the first time.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jul 13, 1844

[William Clayton]
Emma sent for me to enquire about the title to Snyders Lot. She talked much about Trustees being appointed & says if he is not a man she approves of she will do the church all the injury she can by keeping the Lots which are in her name.

[The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

95 years ago today - Jul 12, 1924

Apostle and Salt Lake City Temple president George F. Richards writes: "The Temple Committee have gone over the ceremonies of the Endowments with a view to more perfectly put them in proper form and we are still working on them and I am in hope that in due time these will be considered by the Presidency and as far as is right the suggestions will be approved and the ceremonies be re-written having all the written ceremonies appear in their most perfected form and regular order in the Presidents' Books and in the past books. I am delighted with what has been done thus far and am hopeful that the future will see the other changes made which are very much needed."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Jul 12, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
Apostle Lyman made some remarks on the Manifesto suspending plural marriage, showing that it was given by inspiration and that to his mind made it equivalent to a revelation.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jul 12, 1899

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
I attended meeting with my Quorum and First Presidency at the President's office at 10 a. m. Church attorneys also present. It was decided that President Angus M. Cannon better plead guilty to unlawful cohabitation and thereby save his wife and Brethren from going to court. Our Quorum after adjournment met at our room in the Temple at 11 a. m. [Cannon later served time]

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Jul 12, 1894

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill Diary]
Met at Temple with First Presidency at 2 p. m. I was instructed not to pay Temple employees for vacation but only for the time they work.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Jul 12, 1864

General Patrick Edward Connor, commander at Fort Douglas, reports to his superiors: "The people of this Territory, under the implicit guidance of Brigham Young, are steeped in disloyalty and omit no opportunity of making display of it and injuring the Government by every means in their power."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - Jul 12, 1844. Friday.

[William Clayton Journal]
Joseph has said that if he and Hyrum were taken away Samuel H. Smith would be his successor.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Jul 12, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball]
Elder White and my self went in to our closet and offered up the Singhn [signs] and praied that we might get some definite news pertaining the death of the Prophets. Toords [Towards] night one of the Brethren went to the office and got one leter from my wife up the [to] the 24 which day he gave Him Self up in company with Hiyrum, [Willard] Richards, and J. Tailor three days before they ware killed. This leter satisfide us that the Brethren ware dead. O Lord what feelings we had.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

180 years ago today - Jul 12, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
Assisted in looking over the proof sheet of the first number of the Times & seasons. ...

Joseph Called upon the Twelve to call & visit father Smith /is 68 years of age this day/ & lay hands upon him that he might be healed for he was sick & nigh unto death. We lade hands upon him & he received /[6 sick?]/ a blessing. The thought struck me that the Lord would add unto his life fifteen years, & to Close the scenes of this day, we received the glorious intelligence of the happy deliverence of PARLEY P. PRATT from Prision whare he had been Confined seven months for the cause of God. Brother Morris Phelps was also delivered with Parley. They delivered themselves on the fourth day of July above the setting of the Sun by running over the Jailor & esscaping out of thir hands by mounting some horses that were prepared for that purpose by Orson Pratt, Sister Phelps & others. They were closely persued by the mob & narrowly escaped by leaving behind them their horses Saddles bridles & hats & arived in Quincy on the 10th of July making six days on the road.

They are now all liberated but two persons viz King Follet & Luman Gibbs. King Follet got out of Prision with Parley but was retaken. May the remainder soon be deliverd I Pray. But Blessed be the Lord God for his mercy in delivering the Saints from prision. <Distance of the day> 8.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

120 years ago today - Tuesday, Jul 11, 1899

[Rudger Clawson]
Apostle H. J. Grant spoke of the prejudice that is being worked up by the Salt Lake Tribune against the Church. Didn't look upon it as being very serious. Said that Pres. Richard[s]'s prediction with reference to his getting out of debt is being rapidly fulfilled. Thought he would be out of debt in about 18 months, whereas it looked sometime ago as if it would take at least 10 years...

Apostle Merrill ... Predicted that the time would never be in this Church when children from plural marriages will not be born. Said he believed that the First Presidency had a right to counsel him in all things, both spiritual and temporal....

Apostle Cowley ... said he felt in his heart that the day is not far distant when the Lord will clean out Jackson County and open up the way for the redemption of Zion.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jul 11, 1894

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
Pres[iden]t Snow remarked that were growing every day and that Statehood would give us power.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Jul 11, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
If he [David MCKinzie] is guity [of bribery] he ought to be Cuffed for I have employed him for 2 years & paid him & helped his family & for such a man to ingaged in such a business I feel like spanking him...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

40 years ago today - Jul 10, 1979-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Richard Ellsworth, acting as editor of BYU Studies ... [said] that yesterday a person had come into his office to say the following: 1. The Brethren are very unhappy with [Arrington's] The Mormon Experience and objected strenuously to certain things that were in the book. 2. That Leonard's hands were slapped. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

55 years ago today - Jul 10, 1964

Apostle Spencer W. Kimball delivers a speech to a conference of the LDS church's seminary and Institute teachers assembled at Brigham Young University. His topic is homosexuality and he states, "we know such a disease is curable," and "We are told that as far back as Henry the VIII, this vice was referred to as `THE ABOMINABLE AND DETESTABLE CRIME AGAINST NATURE,' and some of our own statues [sic] have followed that wording."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

70 years ago today - Jul 10, 1949

The Chinese Mission is organized; it is discontinued in 1953.

80 years ago today - Jul 10, 1939

[J. Reuben Clark]
"I admonished President Grant that people were prone to say to him what people thought he wanted to hear."

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

80 years ago today - Jul 10, 1939

First counselor J. Reuben Clark "admonished President Grant that people were prone to say to him what people thought he wanted to hear."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jul 10, 1899; Monday

Presidents Lorenzo Snow, George Q. Cannon and Joseph F. Smith were at the office. ...

Bishop William B. Preston called and submitted a new form of tithing receipt, to take the place of the old form which omitted the word "tithing", left out by advice of the Church attorneys during the operations under the Edmunds law. The new form, with the word "tithing" added, received the sanction of the First Presidency.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

175 years ago today - Jul 10, 1844, Wednesday

[William Clayton Writings]
The day was saved by a self-appointed committee of nine women, including Mary Fielding Smith, wife of the martyred Hyrum Smith, and Leonara Taylor, wife of the wounded John Taylor. On the tenth they paid an unexpected visit to Foster, told him they would bear his insults no longer, and threatened that if he did not leave the city forthwith he would be visited by a stronger force the next day. ``The Dr was much frightened,'' recorded Clayton in a somewhat roguish tone, `` and looked every way for fear some one would be upon him. He is gone away and there are hopes that he will never return.''

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

175 years ago today - Jul 10, 1844

Samuel Williams, commanding officer of the Carthage Greys, writes a letter describing the happenings at Carthage jail. Williams says that when Joseph first arrived in Carthage and met with such an ugly reception, he "actually fainted." THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH denies a rumor that he had "fainted three times." but this may be consistent with him fainting once.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

215 years ago today - Jul 10, 1804

Birth of Emma Hale at Harmony, Pa.

[Proctor, Scott and Maurine Jensen, editors, History of Joseph Smith by His Mother: Revised and Enhanced]

105 years ago today - Jul 9, 1914

Bro[ther]. McKay said that on the 21st of June last he left for Chicago [Illinois], to attend the International Sunday School Convention, and was present at seventeen of the one hundred and fifty meetings of the convention. The Deseret Sunday School Union, he said, is not a part of the International Sunday School Convention, and he did not know that we want to be. He found that they are far behind us in Sunday School work, but he was satisfied that the Sunday school work is the best the sectarian churches can engage in, as it helps the churches, and is something all of them can unite on. ...

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Jul 9, 1904

We [i.e., the apostles] laid down the rule that no Apostle can be sustained in uttering sentiments among the Saints counter to the public pledges of the President and the Church before the Saints and the world. No man can be allowed to enter into or perform a plural marriage but by direct sanction of the only one man who holds the keys of that sacred order. Every member of our council must sustain the stand taken by President [Joseph F.] Smith and must not talk nor act at cross purposes with the Prophet. What has already been done is shaking the confidence of the Latter-day Saints. We are considered as two-faced and insincere. We must not stand in that light before the Saints or the world ... It is of great importance that as Apostles we shall each have the approval of our Council, of the First Presidency and of the Lord and the Saints. Without the support of these factors we are nothing. It has come to this juncture, that the Presidency hold me responsible to see to it that the members of our Council be thoroughly advised that we will not be tolerated in anything out of harmony with the stand taken by President Joseph F. Smith before the Senate Committee on the subject of Plural marriage. We must uphold his hands and vindicate the Church. The Lord requires all this of us. If any one of us go contrary to this it will be at his peril before the Church and the nation. Neither the Presidency nor the Church will carry the responsibility.

[Francis M. Lyman, Letter to George Teasdale, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Jul 9, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball]
The papers ware full of News of the death of our Prophet [Joseph Smith]. I was not willen to believe it, fore it was to much to bare. The first news I got of his death was on Tuesday morning in Salum of the 9. It struck me at the heart.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - Jul 9, 1844

[Brigham Young]
--9-- I heard today, for the first time, the rumors concerning the death of Joseph and Hyrum [Smith].

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

175 years ago today - Jul 9, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
.. about 2 oclok P.M. We obtained the Boston Times of July 9th Containing the solumn & awful information of the Death of President Joseph Smith the Prophet Seer & Revelator of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Also the Death of Hiram Smith his brother the Patriarch of Said Church. They were shot dead in Cartha[ge] jail by a company of anti mormons & a guard that Governor Ford placed over them /200 men American citizens painted like indians/.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

25 years ago today - Jul 8, 1994

Front page article by free lance writer Bill Gladstone, former president of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Canada. The article was also published in The Canadian Jewish News, the leading Jewish newspaper in Canada.

[The issue of posthumous baptisms of Jewish Holocaust victims now becomes a nationally publicized issue.]

[Jewish Forward, New York City; A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

70 years ago today - Jul 8, 1949

[George Albert Smith]
At ten o'clock President Clark, President McKay and I drove to the 'This Is the Place' Monument where we were joined by Governor J. Bracken Lee, Orval Adams, and John D. Giles. My Counselors and I arrived at the Monument five minutes or so ahead of time and spent this period in looking around the Monument for a short time; as I was going around the south end of the Monument, the care taker turned on the sprinkling system, and I was completely drenched by a large sprinkler head near the edge of the grass. It was a warm day, however, and my clothing soon dried out.

[George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

110 years ago today - Jul 8, 1909

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
[At meeting of Apostles] Brother Lyman called upon each and every one of the brethren to give him their aid in stopping plural marriages in the future.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

120 years ago today - Saturday, Jul 8, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
Pres. Snow made brief remarks. Said it was not only the privilege but the duty of the aged brethren and sisters present to live just as long as they can. They were entitled, he said, through faithfulness to have with them the Holy Spirit, which would strengthen their bodies and lengthen out their lives. ... It will not be long, he said, before the saints—many of them—will live 100, 105, 115, and 120 years old.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - Jul 8, 1884

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
Thank God Congress has adjourned and the [anti-polygamy] Hoar Bill has not passed and we have five more [months] of Breathing spell. The Lord has heard and Answered our prayers in this respect.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jul 8, 1849

Brigham Young preaches, "if any one was catched stealing to shoot them dead on the spot and they should not be hurt for it."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - ca. Jul 8, 1844

While walking over the prairie towards [Nauvoo] Parley P. Pratt received a revelation, and say unto my people in Nauvoo they shall continue to pursue their duties and take care of themselves, and not movement in Church government to or alter anything until the return the remainder of the quorum ...

[Lisle G Brown, compiler, "A Chronology of the Development of Apostolic Succession of the First Presidency, 1831-1848"]

65 years ago today - Jul 7, 1954

Second Counselor J. Reuben Clark gives an address titled "When are the Writings or Sermons of Church Leaders Entitled to the Claim of Scripture?" In it he states, ". . . even the President of the Church, himself, may not always be 'moved upon by the Holy Ghost,' when he addresses the people. This has happened about matters of doctrine (usually of a highly speculative character) where subsequent Presidents of the Church and the peoples themselves have felt that in declaring the doctrine, the announcer was not moved upon by the Holy Ghost'. . . . even the President of the Church has not always spoken under the direction of the Holy Ghost, for a prophet is not always a prophet . . . in our own Church, leaders have differed in view from the first. . . . not always may the words of a prophet be taken as a prophecy or revelation . . ." This may have been given in response to recent, public addresses by Joseph Fielding Smith which dogmatically labeled evolution as false.

110 years ago today - Jul 7, 1909; Wednesday

[Apostle Anthony Ivins Journal]
Bro. [Francis M.] Lyman said it was the duty of the 12 to instruct people where we visit that plural marriages have ceased.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 7, 1904

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary (quarterly conference of the Twelve)]
... Elder Hyrum M. Smith ... Regretted that the brethren of the quorum had differed somewhat in their views regarding a certain question. The church has been brought prominently before the world, and as to whether the hand of the Lord was in it all, he could not say. He thought that the members of the quorum who are absent should be asked to make a weekly report of their labors in writing. The apostleship should be regarded as of more importance than any other consideration, and those who hold it should not engage in business pursuits—at least that was his feeling. ... He wondered how far the apostles should engage in politics, if at all.

...The brethren now repaired to the Apostles' Room and partook of the sacrament, Pres. Lund being mouth in blessing the bread and wine. While at the table Pres. Smith arose and said that he had been impressed to name a certain brother to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Elder A. O. Woodruff and he now submitted for the consideration of the brethren the name of Chas. W. Penrose. Upon motion of Pres. Lyman, seconded by Elders Jno. H. Smith and R. Clawson, the nomination of Pres. Smith was approved by unanimous vote. Many expressions of satisfaction followed the said action. Brother Penrose was sent for. The brethren returned to the Presidency's Room, and when Elder Penrose entered, they sang, "Up, Awake, Ye Defenders of Zion"—a hymn composed by Brother P[enrose].

Pres. Smith arose and said that he had been impressed to nominate Brother Penrose to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Brother Woodruff, and although Brother Penrose was somewhat advanced in life (being a little past 70) yet the Lord in this selection recognized the faithfulness of his servant. Elder Penrose was asked to express himself regarding this call, and he said that he would accept it as coming from the Lord and his brethren and would do anything and everything in his power to assist in the upbuilding of the kingdom of God. He was then ordained under the hands of the brethren, Pres. Smith being mouth. Pres. Lyman was set apart as president of the Twelve, Pres. Smith being mouth. Under the direction of Pres. Smith, Pres. Lyman delivered the charge to Elder Penrose. (Elder Geo. A. Smith left the meeting before the brethren sat down to the table, having been called away to attend a funeral.) Meeting adjourned. Benediction by Jno. Smith.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

130 years ago today - Jul 7, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
I wish that I were a good writer and I would then write more to the papers of a disruptive nature as well as more in the Editorial line. I greatly feel the need of some more knowledge regarding grammar when I come to writing for publication, to say nothing about my greatest draw back spelling. I am going to keep writing once in a while for my own benefit more than on account of thinking that what I write will be of any great interest to the readers of the paper.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - July 7, 1844. Sunday.

[William Clayton Journal]
5 o'clock went to council with the Quorum on the subject of appointing a Trustee in Trust. I was told on the way that R[obert] D. Foster is in Nauvoo having a permit from the Governor to come and settle business. O[rrin] P. Rockwell, M[erinus] G. Eaton and Theodore Turley are raging and threaten his life if he tarry here, consequently the City Council have sent a guard to take care of him. I reasoned with Rockwell and tried to show him the folly of his conduct inasmuch as the Governor had said that if one of those men were assassinated the whole city would be held responsible, and that President Joseph gave himself up into the hands of his murderers for the express purpose of saving the City from being Massacred. But no reasoning seemed to touch him. He swore bitterly he would have revenge and that Foster should not tarry here. I feel grieved at this conduct, for there is now a little prospect that the public sympathy will turn in our favor if we keep still. I was late at the Council. The brethren had agreed not to appoint a Trustee untill the Twelve came home, and that I should act in the place of Trustee to receive property &c. untill one was appointed.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

180 years ago today - Jul 7, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff on the Twelve's mission to England]
REFLECTIONS Surely this is an important day to behold. A quorum of Twelve Apostles of the Lamb of God organized in these last days to go forth unto all the nations of the earth to prune the vineyard once more for the last time that the Saints may be prepared for the second [coming] of Christ, & that Israel may be gatherd & babylon fall & the earth once more clensed from its pollutions & wickedness swept from the face thereof.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jul 7, 1834

Twelve high priests organized into a high council in Clay County, Missouri, with David Whitmer selected as the council's president, and John Whitmer and William W. Phelps as counselors. During his ordination blessing Joseph Smith ordained David Whitmer a "Prophet, Seer and Revelator and Translator." After the blessing the Prophet explained that Whitmer "was to be a leader or a prophet to this church, which was on condition that he (Joseph Smith) did not live to God himself."

[Lisle G Brown, compiler, "Organizational Chronology of The Church of Christ, and The Church of the Latter Day Saints, 1829 - 1836"]

115 years ago today - Jul 6, 1904; Wednesday

[Francis M. Lyman speaking:] We are just now where the eyes of the people are upon us and in consequence we should be very careful in our conduct. He felt that the Manifesto of President Wilford Woodruff had releived [sic] us from further responsibility so far as plural marriages are concerned. He thought that what is said here, should be entirely confidential and should not be spoken of outside the council, and he did not talk of things said and done here, even to his family. In conversation with one of the brethren who was a practicing physician, he had learned of a number of girls who had been married in polygamy and this brother did not understand how it had been accomplished and still be consistent with the statement of the Presidency. President Lyman advised that such things could not be done by authority and such things should not have been done. It was not by sanction or approval of the President of the Church. He had himself interfered and stopped a number of prospective plural marriages. We must take a firm stand and be united against plural marriages that no more should take place in the future. The mind and will of the President of the Church should be followed, and if any of the Twelve were of a different mind they should place themselves in harmony with the Presidency of the Church. ...

Elder John Henry Smith said he had listened carefully to President Lyman's remarks and was of the same mind. While he had enjoined upon all the necessity of maintaining the families they already have, he had taught tha[t] none could marry or give in marriage plural wives. He felt that there were some of the people who believed, because of things they see and hear, that the leaders of the people were two-faced, and he wished to enter a solemn protest against any one driving the young people out of the Church by assuming an arbitrary stand against the authorities and falsely accusing them and also declaring that they could not engage in any business pursuits.

[Excerpt from the Minutes of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jul 6, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
The question of colonization, in a general way, was discussed at some length. Apostle J. H. Smith thought Nevada ought to be colonized by our people, and it would be but a short time, in his opinion, when the saints would control that state.

Pres. Snow expressed the view that we ought to colonize in places where the Church would acquire political power and influence, and thought Nevada was just such a place. Canada did not offer any opportunities to obtain political power and influence, and he was not, therefore, in favor of colonizing that country any more than was necessary to fill the contracts entered into by the First Presidency.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

15 years ago today - Jul 05, 2004

Abigail Radoszkowicz describes posthumous baptisms that are being performed, even for those without Mormon descendants. She writes that thousands of Jewish victims of the Holocaust have recently been baptized into the Mormon faith, including Anne Frank (who died young and had no descendants), as well as Golda Meir. She also noted that many non-Jews have been baptized, including the Shah of Iran and the Ayatollah Khomeini. ...

[Jerusalem Post, "Overzealous Mormons continue to baptize Jews", A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

45 years ago today - Jul 5, 1974

Sandra Haggerty, a black columnist and a frequent contributor to the LOS ANGELES TIMES writes: "Although I have met a few Mormons who attempt to use their religious stance to justify outright racist attitudes and actions, others are somewhat embarrassed by that portion of the doctrine and feel it should be reversed."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

85 years ago today - Jul 5, 1934

African American Elijah Abel, grandson of Elijah Abel, is ordained a priest.

[Crapo, Richley, Chronology Pertaining to Blacks and the LDS Priesthood, http://www.mormonsocialscience.org/node/62]

120 years ago today - Jul 5, 1899

The First Presidency were at the office, and President [Lorenzo] Snow there gave an audience to Sisters Mary Isabella Horne and Bathsheba W. Smith, upon the subject of the connection of the Latterday Saints Relief Society with the Women's Societies of the outside world. These sisters did not favor the amalgamation, from principle, and they were opposed to it from a financial standpoint, the alliance having already cost the Relief Societies the sum of $2,000. They felt that this burden was more than they were able to bear. They had been called upon, and were continually being called upon for means to send a few sisters to Washington, D.C., and some members of the Society were getting very tired of this, which appeared to them a needless expense. They felt that if the Church wanted these sisters to go East, the Church should defray their expenses, and not the Relief Society, as its means were collected and designed for purposes altogether different. The President deferred expressing himself until the question could be considered also by his counselors.

Elder David H. Cannon met with the First Presidency in relation to an appropriation of $1,800 for the per diem workers in the St. George Temple. The amount was appropriated for one year. ...

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

100 years ago today - Jul 4, 1919

William Harrison ("Jack") Dempsey is the first Mormon to be the Heavyweight Boxing Champion of the world, which title he maintains until 1926. LDS boxers of similar status are Gene Fullmer (Middleweight Boxing Champion, 1957), Don Fullmer (American Middleweight Champion 1965), Danny Lopez (Featherweight Boxing Champion of the world, 1976-80), Javier Flores (Super Bantamweight Champion of North America, 1978). Mormon inductees into the Boxing Hall of Fame are Jack Dempsey (1954) and Gene Fullmer (1974).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - Jul 4, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
A Table was set at Thomaston for 800 men to take dinner But I should feel more like fasting & praying on the 4th of July than making A display of Celebration untill the Latter Day saints And all people could Have the privilege of worshiping God according to the dictates of their own conscience without having there brains blown out for it. And now while I write A Company is passing my door in the street dressed in all the Horid form that the ingenuity of man could form up. One would suppose that the inhabitants of the bottomless pit had come forth in possession.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jul 4, 1854

Brigham Young preaches that U.S. Constitution is not complete, but "it is a progressive--a gradual work."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jul 4, 1844

There is no fourth-of-Jul celebration in Nauvoo. William Clayton writes: "Instead of celebrating with splendor with joy we celebrate her [the nation's] down-fall with grief and mourn for the loss of our prophet & Patriarch & pray to God to avenge their blood speedily." Through the "true order of prayer" during the regular Thursday meeting of the Anointed Quorum, "It seemed manifest" to William Marks, Alpheus Cutler, Reynolds Cahoon, and William Clayton that Nauvoo's stake president William Marks should be the Trustee-in-Trust and church president. Emma Smith agrees. In Springfield, Illinois, 100 miles from Nauvoo, the SANGAMO JOURNAL reports only rumors of troubles in Hancock County. The telegraph is still a few years away.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

180 years ago today - Jul 4, 1839 (Thursday)

After more than seven months' imprisonment without conviction, Parley P. Pratt and Morris Phelps escaped from the Columbia jail, Boone County, Mo. They arrived in Quincy, Ill., after days of dreadful suffering from hunger and fatigue. King Follett, who also tried to escape, was retaken.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jul 4, 1829

Martin Harris and W. W. Phelps both sign the so-called anti-masonic declaration of independence at Le Roy, N.Y. Both were third degree Masons.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

35 years ago today - Jul 3, 1984

Elder Neal A. Maxwell of the Council of the Twelve writes a memorandum to the Church Board of Education Executive Committee and the Special Affairs Committee that a scholarly defense of the historicity of the Book of Mormon should be prepared. Maxwell names BYU's John Sorenson as a possible author.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

115 years ago today - Jul 3, 1904; Sunday

[At fast meeting in the Salt Lake temple:] Pres[ident] [Joseph F.] Smith spoke a half hour at the last and said in regard to Apostle A[braham] O[wen] Wooduff and wife the Lord permitted their death but did not Foreknow their death not plan [sic] the same but they having placed themselves in the way of a d[e]structive element were overtaken and their lives sacrificed.

The Lord would no doubt overrule it for good but He was not responsible for their untimely taking off.

[Seymour B. Young, Diary]

130 years ago today - Jul 3, 1889

Apostle John W. Taylor prophesies about "the battle when the Negroes rise up against their masters which soon would be the case. The red men would stalk through the land as the battle axe of the Lord and after they had done this work they would be changed to a skin of whiteness in a day."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jul 3, 1844

William Clayton digs up the minutes of the Council of Fifty that he had buried at Joseph Smith's request a week earlier. He finds that they have been damaged by water while buried.

185 years ago today - Jul 03, 1834

Joseph Smith authorizes General Lyman Wight to give a discharge to every man of Zion's Camp who had proved faithful. Joseph also organizes the Clay-Caldwell Stake, the first stake in Missouri, with David Whitmer as president and William W. Phelps and John Whitmer as assistant presidents.

Later in the year Whitmer was ordained as Joseph Smith's successor "on condition that he [Joseph Smith] did not live to God himself."

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database' (defunct)]

40 years ago today - Summer 1979

Bush, Lester E., Jr. "Introduction [to issue on the priesthood revelation of 1978]," Dialogue 12 (Summer 1979): 9-12.

[Neither White nor Black: Mormon Scholars Confront the Race Issue in a Universal Church: Chronological Bibliography on the Negro Doctrine [1900-1983], Edited by Lester E. Bush, Jr., and Armand L. Mauss, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

105 years ago today - summer of 1914

[World War I]
In the summer of 1914, most Utahns were little concerned with the rumblings of war in Europe. Most felt that the fight had little to do with United States interests, advocated a strict policy of neutrality, and insisted that the United States not become embroiled in a European conflict. There were exceptions, of course, primarily among the Utah immigrant groups including the South Slavs, Germans, Greeks, Italians whose homelands had been caught up in the Great War. Utah German-Americans openly demonstrated their sympathy for Germany, held rallies, collected money for the German Red Cross, complained of the virulent anti-German propaganda in most English-language newspapers, and, in some cases returned to Germany to fight.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: World War I, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

120 years ago today - Jul 2, 1899

[J. Golden Kimball]
Leroy C. Snow a boy of Pres[ident] [Lorenzo] Snows was called up to speak. Some were amused and suprised. He is a son of a favored wife and his fathers pet. Men are sometimes great and mighty, and the Lord loves them, yet they will exhibit just such weaknesses, as was presented today. This young man will no doubt be an apostle, if Pres[ident]. Snow has his way. This part of the meeting was unpleasant to me. Although the young man may be favored of God.

[J. Golden Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jul 2, 1899

President George Q. Cannon also spoke on the law of tithing. Among other things he said, 'There are those in this audience who are descendants of the old Twelve Apostles'and, shall I say, yes, descendants of the Savior himself. His seed is represented in this body of men.' Following President Cannon, President [Lorenzo] Snow arose and said that what Brother Cannon had stated respecting the literal descendants among this company of the old apostles and the Savior himself is true'that the Savior's seed is represented in this body of men.

[Abraham O. Woodruff adds "Queen Victoria is a descendant of the Prophets."]

['Memoirs of the Life of Rudger Clawson Written by Himself', as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jul 2, 1899; Sunday

[Anthony Ivins Journal]
... [Lorenzo] Snow made preliminary remarks ... Within ten, fifteen or 20 years, perhaps sooner, we are going to Jackson County [Missouri]. If Latter-Day Saints had paid their tithing in the past we would have on hand today a million dollars and if this had been for ten years back we would have ten or twelve millions. The Lord has told me plainly and most distinctly that the law of tithing should be taught while we were at St George and He has made it just as plain that this is what I should say to you today. Bishop [William] Preston said one fourth of the Latterday Saints pay no tithing at all and many who have their names on the roll do not pay one fourth of what they should....

M[arriner] W. Merrill said non tithe payers were on the in- crease. This meeting has been called that there may be a reformation. ...

Heber J. Grant had always paid his tithing with pleasure. Two Dollars is spent in breaking the Word of Wisdom for every dollar paid in tithing. Sacrement was administered ...

Prest. Snow ... The man who fails to pay his tithing hereafter I could not recommend to the House of the Lord. Let every President of a Stake pay his full tithing. Let every bishop do so. If people have been remiss in the past they may make it good if they desire but we shall not say anything about the past. The Lord will send Cyclones, Whirlwinds and devouring fire and the way will be prepared for the fulfillment of His purposes.

... Prest. Jos[eph] F. Smith read from the Bible. God once cleansed the earth with water. He will cleanse it with fire. Just as sure as we live, just as sure as you hear the sound of my voice unless we honor this law of tithing we shall never get back to Jackson County unless we go there as ancient Israel went into the promised Land, by the shedding of blood.

... Francis M. Lyman. There has never before been just such a gathering. It has fallen to the lot of Prest. Snow to announce that the time has come when the law of tithing must be observed in Zion. The time approaches when Zion is to be redeemed and the Temple built under the law of consecration. When the time shall come that Prest. Snow, if it is his good fortune, and I see no reason why it should not be, shall say the time has come for the redemption of Zion, we will be surprised at the thousands who will be ready. Pronounced his blessing on all present.

George Q. Cannon. There are men in this congregation who are descendants of the ancient Twelve Apostles, and shall I say it, of the Son of God himself, for he had seed, and in time they shall be known.

...Prest. Smith introduced a resolution endorsing the teachings of today in regard to tithing. Prest. Snow asked all who endorsed it to arise and with the right hand raised to say aye. The response was unanimous. The entire body of priesthood joined in shouting hosanna, sang the Doxology and were dismissed by Seymour B. Young. ...

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins. Formatting added.]

175 years ago today - Jul 2, 1844. Tuesday.

[William Clayton Journal]
A.M. went to see Emma. She is in trouble because Mother [Lucy Mack] Smith is making disturbance about the property in Josephs hands. Mother Smith wants Samuel to move into Nauvoo and take the Patriarchs office and says the church ought to support him. There is considerable danger if the family begins to dispute about the property that Joseph's creditors will come forward and use up all the property there is. If they will keep still there is property enough to pay the debts and plenty left for other uses. I had much talk with Emma on the subject.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

175 years ago today - Jul 2, 1844 (Tuesday)

[Severly wounded] Apostle John Taylor was brought home to Nauvoo from Carthage.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Jul 02, 1839

While instructing the Twelve, Joseph Smith teaches for the first time that the angel Gabriel was the ancient prophet Noah.

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database' (defunct)]

180 years ago today - Jul 2, 1839

Joseph Smith tells the Apostles and Seventies, "I will give you one of the Keys of the mysteries of the Kingdom. It is an eternal principle, that has existed with God from all eternity: That man who rises up to condemn others, finding fault with the Church, saying that they are out of the way, while he himself is righteous, then know assuredly, that that man is in the high road to apostasy; and if he does not repent, will apostatize, as God lives." This is often quoted to members who are critical of church leaders without mentioning that it was originally given to church leaders-to apostles and seventies-who were critical of church members.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

180 years ago today - Jul 2, 1839

[Wilford Woodruff Journal]
THIS was an interesting day. The First Presidency Joseph & his Council Came across the river to Montrose to spend the day with the Twelve to bless them & their families before they left for other Nations. ...

Joseph:

Ever keep in exercise the principles of mercy & be ready to forgive our brother on the first intimations of repentance ... let the Twelve be humble & not be exalted & beware of pride & not seek to excell one above another ...

Must the new ones that are chosen to fill the places of those that are fallen of the quorum of the Twelve, begin to exhalt themselves untill they get so high that they will tumble over & have a great fall & go wallowing through the mud, mire, & darkness Judas like to the buffating of Satan as several of the Twelve have done, or will they learn wisdom & be wise? (O God give them wisdom & keep them humble I pray.) ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Circa Jul 2, 1829

Eight witnesses see the plates in a grove near the Smith's Manchester (NY) residence. It is unclear if this experience is purely physical or visionary . Lucy says that the event occurred on a Thursday, perhaps 2 July , and David Whitmer says it was one or two days after the three witnesses saw the plates.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

30 years ago today - Jul 01, 1989

Rex E. Lee begins his term as the tenth president of BYU (1989–95).

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database' (defunct)]

60 years ago today - Wed Jul 1, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
I was greatly surprised to learn through my secretary . . . that Brother Nicholas G. Morgan, Sr., who employed Brother Ortho Fairbanks to do this bust of me, intends to have twelve busts finished in white Italian marble and one placed in each of the Temples of the Church. Of course, I feel very reluctant about this being done, but it seems that I shall have nothing to say about it as Brother Morgan, with the endorsement of President Henry D. Moyle, has already gone ahead with arrangements for this to be done.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

80 years ago today - Jul 1, 1939

Nazi Gestapo arrests two American LDS missionaries in Czechoslovakia and put them and two other missionaries into prison. Not released until Aug. 23.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

130 years ago today - Monday, Jul 1, 1889

[Apostle John Henry Smith Diary]
... All of the [Greenville] ward authorities were presented to the people and sustained. Bp. Morris confessed he had been intoxicated and was forgiven.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

135 years ago today - Jul 1, 1884

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Council met decided or it has been decided to incorporate under the law to hold our Temples. My mind is to keep our temples in our own hands and continue them as heretofore for the ordinances of the priesthood endowments etc and with the help of God maintain them inviolate if the whole U.S. backs the lawless spoilation of our enemies.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Jul 1, 1844

[Nauvoo City Council]
Resolved. For the purpose of ensuring peace and promoting the welfare of the County of Hancock and surrounding country, that we will rigidly sustain the laws and the Governor of the State so long as they and he, sustain us in all our constitutional rights.

...Resolved ... To further secure the peace, friendship and happiness of the people, and allay the excitement that now exists, that no we will reprobate private revenge on the assassinators of General Joseph Smith and General Hyrum Smith shall be made by any of the Latter Day Saints. That instead of an appeal to arms, we appeal to the majesty of the law, and will be content with whatever judgement it shall award. and should the law fail, we leave the matter with God. ...

[Nauvoo City Council Rough Book, http://amzn.to/uXAcJh%20]

175 years ago today - Jul 1, 1844

[Joseph Smith nomination for President - Heber C. Kimball diary]
A convention fore the perpus of chusen delagats fore [at]tending the Baltimore Convention [to nominate Joseph Smith for president on the Mormon ticket]. Elder B. Young was called to the Chare [chair]. The first cald on to speak was L. Wight, 2 was O. Hide, 3 Daniel Spencer,12 4 Wm. Smith, delagats chosen. At Half past 2 in the after noon, sevrel speeches from the Br. The meting well tended. ...

[Note: Heber C. Kimball, Brigham Young and other apostles attending this convention were unaware of the assassination of Joseph Smith]

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

175 years ago today - 1844 1 Jul.

Richards, Taylor, and W. W. Phelps announce they will await the return of the Quorum of Twelve before deciding the nature of the church's new leadership [after the death of Joseph Smith].

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]