40 years ago today - May 22, 1979-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Today I sat next to Laury Cracroft in Rotary. He told me a number of interesting things. In 1939 when Vardis Fisher's book Children of God first appeared, the editor of the Utah literary magazine, The Pen, thought the book should be reviewed and asked Laury [a student] to do it. It was depression time, but Laury managed to get some money and buy the book from the Paris [Salt Lake City department store] and proceeded to review it for the Pen. He stated that the book would not of course be well received in Salt Lake City and within the Mormon community. Having said that, he then proceeded to describe and summarize the book. The next day after it appeared, he was called in by the dean of men at the U of U and told that he would almost certainly be kicked out of the university. He was warned by two or three administrative officials and received some nasty phone calls. When the Pen put out a special centennial edition in 1950, they included articles that had appeared in the Pen by Bernard de Voto, Vardis Fisher, Wallace Stegner, Fawn Brodie, and one other person he couldn't recall, and himselfthis review. The next day after the Pen appeared there was [a] piece on the front page of the Deseret News-or maybe on the editorial page-criticizing strongly this edition of the Pen and using very strong language like "the U has no business publishing articles by all these apostates and anti-Mormons." [[Apostle Spencer W. Kimball "exploded" when he saw the Pen, according to Kimball and Kimball Jr., Spencer W. Kimball, 262.]]

Laury began to receive hostile telephone calls once more; in fact, many. He talked to one of his neighbors, Lou Callister, a prominent attorney. Lou said, "You have got a strong case, Laury. Clearly they have libeled you, and you have a good basis for suing. I wouldn't like to handle your case, but if you can't find anyone else, I'll do it." Laury's wife [Kathryn] complained so much about the telephone calls that she told him he should do something. So he went to Dr. [John A.] Widtsoe who was, he thought, a calm and reasonable man, and told him the story. Dr. Widtsoe said he would take up the matter with Deseret News and other officials and he thought they would work out something that would be satisfactory. Shortly thereafter persons from the Deseret News called him up and asked him to come over to discuss it. He said, "You're the ones that have given me the trouble; don't you think you ought to come to my office instead of yours? You're the ones that have caused it." So they came over to his office, and they agreed to run a retraction on the first page in the location near where the other was-or maybe on the editorial page-a retraction worded by Laury himself. They did run it the next day. Below it, however, they did try to give some explanation or justification for the same. But this satisfied Laury, and the matter was essentially closed. ...

There's one other aspect to the story. At the time the article was published-I think on the Tuesday following the Sunday on which it appeared-Laury was to be proposed to be a member of Rotary. Laury thought this might result in persons voting against him, so he phoned up his sponsor and asked him whether he thought it would be proper for him to resign. The

sponsor said, "Definitely, it would be in your interest to resign." So Laury was fully prepared to do that. He mentioned this when he had his conversation with Dr. Widtsoe. Shortly thereafter he received a telephone call from Richard L. Evans, who was president of Salt Lake Rotary at the time. Brother Evans said, "Your resignation from having your name submitted has not been accepted and will not be. Your name will be submitted as if nothing had happened. There will not be a single person vote against you. You will be approved, and I welcome you next week to Rotary as a full-fledged member." Laury said, "I know you have done wonders, Brother Evans, but you can't possibly promise all this. I know there are people who will vote against me on the basis of that editorial." Brother Evans replied, "Laury, this is a fix, and when I fix things, you can depend on the fact that they are fixed!" Laury said, "How can you possibly work it out?" He said, "There will be four people working until the next Rotary meeting and we will phone every single member of Rotary, and we will make sure that everyone votes for you. So don't worry about it." It happened, of course, and Laury was made a member and later became the president of the club.

I asked Laury who in the Deseret News had written the editorial making the libelous assertions. He said it was Mark Petersen, and Mark Petersen had always been against him in subsequent dealings that have taken place.

Two or three weeks ago in my Tuesday meeting with Elder [G. Homer] Durham, he started out by telling me that I had some special friend. He didn't know who the friend was, but it was a sister. The sister had written a letter to the First Presidency complaining that my picture was not with those of other Church Historians of the past. After Elder [Howard W.] Hunter there is a picture of Elder [Alvin R.] Dyer, and then Elder [Joseph] Anderson and then Elder Durham. The First Presidency had replied to this sister that they would investigate the matter. The First Presidency then wrote a letter to Elder Durham which verified that I had been selected as a Church historian, that I was a proper occupant of that office, and suggested to Brother Durham that either my picture ought to be put up or they would like a letter of explanation of why it shouldn't be. Elder Durham read the letter to me. He then said that it was the feeling that they should not put up my photo with the others but simply provide an explanation next to the exhibit which would explain that in 1972 when the Historical Department was organized, that the managing director-a general authority-was regarded as the proper successor to Howard Hunter as Church Historian and Recorder. He asked me if I had any objections to that. I assured him that I had none, that the least of my thoughts was having my picture on the wall, and that it didn't matter a bit to me and never would, and I thought what he planned to do was just fine. He said he would then write a letter to the First Presidency explaining what they had done and justify it and tell them that of course I agreed with this.

I learned today, from her, that the person who had written the letter was Julie Harris of our book acquisition and cataloging staff. She seemed rather proud of having done so, and said she still believes that my picture should be there.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - May 22, 1974-Wednesday

[Leonard Arrington]
I recognize also that there is not full agreement among Latter-day Saint leaders as to items that ought to be included in our books. Not long ago I was in a study group, made up of important Church leaders (but no General Authorities were present) in which there was a dispute over the wisdom of telling seminary students that Brigham Young once chewed tobacco. One person contended that the story of his victory over the habit was faith promoting, and besides the fact of his use of tobacco is so well known that the student will find it out sooner or later and he will have more confidence in the material presented if this is told to him in advance. Another person disagreed completely and said that students will use this knowledge as an excuse for their own sins. There are arguments on both sides of this and other questions. Whatever we do will not be accepted completely by everybody but we do seek for credibility and for general confidence.

To say this another way, I recognize that some of our history cannot and should not be told. Judgment and discretion should be exercised. I recognize also that our history needs to be told honestly so that our people will have confidence in reading it-we must allow for the human equation. I regret the widespread tendency of our fine members and their youth to read books like No Man Knows My History, Nightfall at Nauvoo, and 26th Wife under the assumption that they are getting the real lowdown on our history and that our own works do not carry conviction as being the real story.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

60 years ago today - Fri May 22, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
[Note by secretary:] It was very evident to all present that it was extremely difficult for the grieving President to conduct the funeral services. However, he brought his emotions under control, and handled the situation masterfully--the services proceeded smoothly and efficiently. His emotions, however, were near the breaking point when he publicly said farewell to President Richards. There was hardly a dry eye in the whole audience. General Authorities on the stand were seen wiping their eyes with their handkerchiefs as the President said: "Goodbye for the present, Stephen L, my beloved friend. We shall miss you--Oh! how we shall miss you! But we will continue to carry on until we meet again. God bless you, Irene, and your choice sons and daughters. During this inevitable separation may there ever echo in your hearts, as if they had come from the voice of your beloved husband and father, the words of the Savior to his disciples when he had to leave them =. . . ."

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

125 years ago today - Mon., May 22, 1894

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal]
Bro. Durrans; of Parowan received in a dream. H dreamed that he saw a Navajo blanket floating down a river, and as he watched it, he suddenly saw several Indians appear on it. They came to the shore where he stood, and one of them placed an instrument to his mouth something like a clarionet, on which he played the tune which was rendered, with the exception of one high note which he could not reach. Bro. Durrans arose and wrote out the piece, Some time thereafter a birthday party was given at his house when one of the brethren spoke in tongues. In the course of his remarks he said that this tune was the one used by the ancient Nephites, just before the last remnant was slain at the hill Cumorah about the year 421 A.D. It was a kind of lamentation.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

135 years ago today - Thursday May 22, 1884

[John Nuttle Diary]
President John Taylor directed the Temple Recorder to place on the records of the Temple as follows "That the Lord is well pleased and has accepted this House, and our labors in its Dedication, also the labors of the people in its building and beautifying - and whatever the Saints may feel to place into it, to ornament and embellish it, will also be acceptable. I state this as the Word of the Lord. ...

When President Taylor afterwards made pertinent remarks on the subject of adoption. said he had been considering this subject and had the matter and the Keys thereof before him, and in a short time he would make it plain to all, in that there need could (sic) be no misunderstanding. ... I feel like shouting Hallelujah, Hallelujah, Glory to God. For His Kingdom and people shall triumph I say it in the name of the Israels God. Amen - All present responded Amen - Prest. Taylor & Cannon & Elder Nuttall then proceeded up to the sealing room when Prest Taylor explained further in regard to the ordinance of Adoption and concluded to postpone any action on that ordinance for the present and until he shall he shall give further instructions pertaining thereto. Everything now being in working order at the Temple the President & brethren left & prepared for starting to Salt Lake this afternoon -

... it was rumored that Prest Jos F Smith & Coun D H Wells were wanted by the Grand Jury as witnesses in some Polygamy cases before them.

[Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - May 22, 1874

General Alexander W. Doniphan, a friend to the Mormons during the difficult days of persecution in Missouri, visits Salt Lake City and is greeted warmly by Church leaders.

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database,' http://www.woodlandinstitute.com]

150 years ago today - May 22, 1869

[Wilford Woodruff Journal]
I attended the school of the prophets. President Young G. A. Smith D. H. Wells W Woodruff G Q Cannon & G D Watt & president Joseph Young all spoke upon the Case of John Pack. Joseph Young sen did not vote to Cut off John Pack with th[e?] [rest]. Presidet B Young said that inasmuch as he did not vote that Cut the thread of union between those who did vote & him. (He required ie President B Young) that his Brother Phineas should give up his ticket & keep away from the school Because of trading with outsiders.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - May 22, 1859 (Morning)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
Jesus has been upon the earth a great many more times than you are aware of. ... there is no true government on earth but the government of God, or the holy Priesthood. Shall I tell you what that is? In short, it is a perfect system of government'"a kingdom of Gods and angels and all beings who will submit themselves to that government. There is no other true government in heaven or upon the earth. Do not blame me for believing in a pure and holy government. ... Every time you kick 'Mormonism,' you kick it up stairs: you never kick it down stairs. ...

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 22, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Story: State Convention Held -- Editorial -- Due to rain, many other groups were not represented at the convention. But the convention was successful, and Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon both were well received.

- Story: "Lynching and the Mormons" -- Editorial -- Describes a lynching, supposedly carried out by the Saints in Nauvoo, of a colored man. ...

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

50 years ago today - May 21, 1969

First Presidency letter allows LDS servicemen in Vietnam to dye the regular, one-piece, temple garment to match green color of military-issue underwear.

60 years ago today - May 21, 1959

Executive committee of Church Board of Education discusses "the growing problem in our society of homosexuality." Spencer W. Kimball reports that David O. McKay has said "that in his view homosexuality was worse than heterosexual immorality; that it is a filthy and unnatural habit."

60 years ago today - May 21, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
President McKay did not return to the office--was very shocked to learn that Sister Richards has suffered a mild heart attack--the shock of losing her husband has been too much for her.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

65 years ago today - May 21, 1954

[David O. McKay diary, May 21, 1954] At a meeting of the Salt Lake Temple Presidency with President [David O.] McKay[,] the following matters were discussed: Adoptions: Seal children of divorced couple (children not born under covenant) to the parent having legal custody & to companion of that parent without formality of legal adoption to the parent's companion. It was suggested by President [El Ray] Christiansen that [the] adoption ceremony seems incomplete and unsatisfactory. Matter taken under advisement by President McKay. Marriage: If marriage is to be deferred more than a week after couple goes to temple, the groom should not take the bride through the veil until they come for marriage. Going from Room to Room: Approval given by President McKay for men and women in passing from room to room to go together in double file.

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - May 21, 1904

DESERET SEMI-WEEKLY NEWS prints an essay against the idea of women in the workplace which claims, "The woman wage earner is under one aspect an object of charity, under another an economic pervert, under another a social menace." The NEWS concludes: "Women themselves are beginning to see a light, in which they may better appreciate their mission on earth."

120 years ago today - May 21, 1899

Margaret Cullen Geddes, widow of William S. Geddes who died ten years previously gives birth to a baby boy. Margaret is charged by local Mormon authorities in Plain City, Utah, with adultery. During the hearing before the bishopric, Margaret steadfastly refuses to give the name of the child's father, despite threats of excommunication. At this point, David Eccles, the child's secret father, who had taken Margaret as a plural wife the previous year, contacts George F. Gibbs, secretary to the First Presidency of the church. Eccles asks Gibbs to request that President Lorenzo Snow order Mormon leaders in Plain City to withdraw their charges. President Snow sends a letter to the Plain City bishopric telling them to accept Margaret's statements as sufficient, forgiving her with no further requirement. President Snow also advised that Eccles and Margaret move to Mexico. Thereupon, local church authorities dropped the case.

120 years ago today - Sunday, May 21, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson Diary]
7 p.m. Priesthood meeting in the tabernacle. Pres. [Christian D.] Fjeldsted ... spoke against mask balls....

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - May 21, 1884

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
21 I went to the Temple. M[arriner]. W. Merrill was Apointed & ordained & set apart to Preside over the Logan Temple. Presidet Taylor was Mouth. ... The first Baptisms in the Logan Temple was administered By David Cannon. F. D. Richards was the first Baptized for his health and the renewal of his Covenants. He was Confirmed By John Taylor & G Q Cannon. Sister Rachael Grant was Baptized for her hearing seven times. Many Endowmets were given during the day. Quite a Number of the young Brethren had a wife sealed to them among the number M F. Cowley.

Presidet Taylor officiated in sealing a wife to two of his Sons. W Woodruff gave 2d Anointing to Wm B Preston and wives and to L John Nuttall wife & 2 dead. J D T McAllister gave 2d Anointing to C O Card & wife. D H Wells sealed 19 Couple & J Taylor 2 & 9 Sealings for the Dead.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - May 21, 1884

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
[At Logan temple] A number of Batisms [sic] then followed for the living and dead, among the number was my mother, she was baptized seven times for her health and hearing. Prests Taylor and Cannon, Apostles Erastus Snow, Moses Thatcher and H.J. Grant confirmed mother. Prest Geo. Q. Cannon being mouth. Bishop David Cannon of Saint George officiated in baptizing. I never felt better in my life than while assisting in my mother's confirmation, and I am free to confess that as near as I can judge the testimony of the spirit it was that her hearing should be restored to her.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 21, 1854

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... We shall have to mingle this people [American Indians] until the whole house of Israel is gathered together and even the ten tribes come again to the earth and inhabit the land given to their fathers. We have a considerable pill to swallow but it is so. I am sure there are women present who have spoken in tongues that they would have to go among the Lamanites and instruct them to sew, to knit, to wash and perform all domestic works. ...

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 21, 1844

Lyman Wight: Given "white [seer?] stone" by Joseph Smith Jr. and ordained to be like Moses (between 14-21 May 1844)

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - May 21, 1844 (Tuesday)

Apostles Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball and Lyman Wight, and about a hundred other Elders, left Nauvoo, Ill., on political missions to the East. Apostles Wilford Woodruff and Geo. A. Smith and others had left on the 9th.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

185 years ago today - May 21, 1834

Heber C. Kimball writes: "I would here remark that notwithstanding so many threats were thrown out against us, we did not fear, nor hesitate to proceed on our journey, for God was with us, and angels went before us, and we had no fear of either men or devils. This we knew because they (the angels) were seen."

60 years ago today - May 20, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
The regular meeting of the First Presidency--the first without my dear friend, companion, and advisor--President Stephen L. I could not believe that he had gone, and kept looking for him to come in.

May 20, 1959: [This is a note by McKay's secretary.] President McKay is deeply grieved and shocked over President Richards' death--it is very noticeable that the passing of his beloved counselor and friend is weighing heavily on him.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

135 years ago today - May 20th 1884.

[Apostle Anthony W. Ivins Diary]
I qualified as City Attorney for St. George. I was set apart for the mission which I have just finished by Apostle Moses Thatcher, at the Council House, at Salt Lake, Utah, on the 10th of April 1882 as follows:

... thou shalt look into the hearts of men and read them. ... Thou shalt have influence with the officers of that government and with the prominent men of that nation, and thou shalt be enabled to establish the work of the Lord in the midst of that people. Thou shalt live to see a prophet raised up in their midst. Thou shalt live to see a perfect chain of communications from the mountains, from the Church and Kingdom of God and the people of Zion, down through the Republic of Mexico, through Central America, and through South America, and a great and important work shall be accomplished in thy day in the midst of the remnant of Israel. They shall come forth, many of them, and rejoice with thee in the knowledge of the Truth, and while the work may now seem difficult, let thy prayers ascend unto God, plead with Him by night and by day, for His eyes are upon that people, and the words of His prophets will not be unfulfilled, but they will be fulfilled, and thou shalt be an instrument in the hands of God of accomplishing a great and good work among them... thou shalt be preserved from disease and from death, and thy faith shall be mighty before the Lord. When thou layest thy hands upon the sick, the sick shall be healed ...

[Diary Excerpts of Anthony W. Ivins, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

50 years ago today - May 19, 1969

First Presidency publishes: "We make no statement on how this country can or should try to disengage itself from the present regrettable war in Vietnam. . . .We believe our young men should hold themselves in readiness to respond to the call of their government to serve in the armed forces when called upon." This is the first war in the twentieth century when the Church's DESERET NEWS does not editorialize in favor of option for conscientious objection.

60 years ago today - Tue May 19, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
The news of [Stephen L Richard's] passing was a terrible shock to me.

May 19, 1959: [Part of telephone conversation between McKay and Ezra Taft Benson:] Brother Benson: It [the death of Richards] is an awful shock, and I know what a shock it is to you! President McKay: He has been as close to me as a brother could be, a friend of the truest kind. He has been wonderful, and of great value to me. It is a great loss to the Church. He was a great intellect, a great soul. He was as loyal to me as his grandfather was to the Prophet and just as close.

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

125 years ago today - May 19, 1894

[Francis M. Lyman]
[Fillmore] I confidentially told them they [at Relief Society Conference] should not think that men committed sin if they did happen to associate with their plural wives.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - May 19, 1889

Apostle Francis M. Lyman teaches: "Whenever a false doctrine is presented to the Latter-day Saints, I will tell you one way by which you may know its falsity: it produces in the heart of every Saint, a question. There is uncertainty; there is something that disturbs the spirit of every Latter-day Saint. If they read an erroneous doctrine in the public prints; if they hear it in a discourse; if it is spoken to them in private, it does not seem to settle in their hearts as though it were a part of the plan of salvation; but it produces questioning, uncertainty, doubt and misgiving."

165 years ago today - May 19, 1854

[Brigham Young Sermon]
President Brigham Young spoke nearly as follows: The duties of the Missionaries here is to save the remnants of Israel. God planted us here in the valleys of Ephraim, we have been brought to these valleys for a good purpose, to save Israel. In all His dealings, He is wise. The white men of the east have driven the red men west, and those farther west ... The Spirit of the Lord said to me: '"Send missionaries to Israel amid these mountains, at home, not to farm exclusively, not to build fine houses and enclose large fields, but more especially to learn their language that you may be able to speak with them and understand them, and get to their understandings, their affections, if they go away in parties you are to go with them. ...

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - May 19, 1854

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
... Lorenzo Snow Young spoke & had the spirit of God upon him & profisied upon many things but ther was no reporting of any part of the meeting ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 19, 1849

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
Morning Papers say that half of the business part of the city of St Louis Mo is now lying in ruins by fire... Also several terrible ship wrecks & loss of life. Watertown New York is also burnt up. The Herald has the full particulars of the dredful riot & Bloodshed in New York. Also the Continued wars of Europe And the sweeping progress of the Cholera in America ... Pestilence is raging among the 25,000 gold seekers gatherd in Mo to go to the gold digings By the way of the Salt Lake. All the Earth seems to be in Confusion & Commotion with war savord, plague pestilence fire earthquakes & storms. The Bible Doctrin & Covenants, & Book Mormon are truly being fulfilled.

...A question Arose As to whether this people [an primitive tribe of Mandingo Indians] [an primitive tribe of Mandingo Indians] be not descendants of one the lost tribes of Israel. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - May 19, 1839

Popular author Edward Bickersteth preaches a series of sermons where he considers "the signs of these latter days, which are preparatory steps to the establishment of Christ's kingdom." Steps to this end are overcoming Catholic influence ... "that the mystical Babylon, or the Papal kingdoms, may fall, and the Jews return";

Preaching to the Gentiles. "The Preaching to the Gentiles fulfils that plain prophecy: 'I saw an angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting Gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, fear God and give glory to him, for the hour of his judgment is come, and worship him that made heaven and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.' And delightful, most delightful, is it, to witness the extended preaching of the Gospel through the world."

"The Preaching to the Jews... another sign of these times"



In subsequent sermons he talks of modern fulfillment of "the mind of Christ" from Isaiah. "The Gentiles, indeed, chiefly receive him and bring forth fruits, ... They are grafted into the Jewish olive-tree." ... "What are all the Churches of Christ among the Gentiles but the seed of Abraham? What is the Saviour's prayer for his people, both from [sic] Jew and Gentile? - that they all may be one. And when Israel is restored, and when the saints are gathered, and when the heavenly Jerusalem is completed, what will be the enraptured triumphs of the Jewish church, looking back on the time of its widowhood, and seeing that, in that very time, the Lord was doing so much for her!"



"...beginning to appear of the restoration of Israel. The silence of eighteen centuries is broken; the prejudices of eighteen centuries are giving way. Jews and Christians are beginning to sympathise in one hope"

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

10 years ago today - May 18, 2009

The LDS Church launched the Mormon Channel as the official radio station of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Mormon Channel broadcast 24/7 over the internet, HD radio and it has its own iPhone application.

[The Mormon Channel: The Broadcast and Media History of the LDS Church Timeline, http://radio.lds.org/eng/about/media-timeline]

35 years ago today - May 18, 1984

"Mike Hansen" [Hofmann alias] orders printing plates from Cocks-Clark Engraving in Denver, Colorado, for Deseret currency.

[Whittaker, David J., The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case, BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80,]

120 years ago today - May 18, 1899; Thursday

[In St. George, Utah:] Pres[iden]t L[orenzo]. S[now]. refer[r]ed to his sister Eliza R. Snow & her connection [marriage] with the Prophet Joseph [Smith]. No permission for plural marraiges in either Temple or any where else.

[Minutes, Franklin D. Richards Papers, LDS Archives]

125 years ago today - May 18, 1894

Jane Elizabeth Manning [James] (a Negro [woman])[:] Do you wish to be attached as a Servitor for eternity to the prophet Josep[h] Smith and in this capacity be connected with his family and be obedient to him in all things in the Lord as a faithful Servitor? (Answer[:] Yes.) Pres[iden]t Joseph F. Smith acting for and in behalf of the Prophet Joseph Smith: Do you wish to receive Jane James as a Servitor to yourself and family: (Answer[:] Yes.) By the authority given me of the Lord I pronounce you, Jane James, a Servitor to the Prophet Joseph Smith (President Joseph F. Smith acting for and an[d] in his behalf) and to his household for all eternity, through your faithfulness in the new and everlasting covenant, in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.

[Book of Temple Ordinances, May 18, 1894; pp. 33-34; citing Adoption Record A:26 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

135 years ago today - Sunday May 18, 1884

Just 7 yrs ago to day at 12 M the ground was dedicated & broken for this [Logan] temple. This morning at 9 O.C. I went to the Temple& prepared to receive the audience for the 2nd dedicatory Service and the Same Opening him was Sang& Same pray repeated. Choir Sang Apostle Erastus Snow Who related the Kind of Ordinances administered that was the anointing of heads & washing of feet by Quorims Spoke of the 3 Golden Keys presented in token of the Keys of the Priesthood. Spoke of an angel being Seated by the of father. Fred G. Williams during the offering of the prayer the Same place that Pres Taylor ocupies. Many Spoke in tongues and the congregation was filled with the Holy Ghost.

[Diaries of Ora Charles Card: The Utah Years 1871-1886 Edited by Donald G. Godfrey and Kenneth W. Godfrey]

135 years ago today - May 18, 1884

Apostles instruct stake leaders about President John Taylor's ruling that as payment for their services, bishops will receive 8 percent of tithing they collect, and stake presidents 2 percent of stake tithing.

175 years ago today - May 18, 1844

The Prophet first published in New York City; William Smith, editor. Published until May 24, 1845, when it was succeeded by the New York Messenger, which continued its voluming. Successive editors include Sam Brannan and Parley P. Pratt.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

65 years ago today - May 17, 1954

Counselor J. Reuben Clark writes U.S. senator Henry Dworshak: "I am impressed, as to Indo-China with this fact. . . .it is not worth spending our blood for it. . . Finally, while unalterably opposed to Communism, I can imagine that an enlightened Communism may be a whole lot better than a decrepit, deficient, corrupt colonial government [in Indo-China]. I feel that the principle could be applied to very much of the situation in the whole Far East. . . . In my personal view, our greatest danger and greatest handicap is the concept, not yet more than half-expressed, sometimes, perhaps, not even fully recognized that we are destined to dictate to and rule the world, though we have not enough sense to rule ourselves wisely." Indo-China soon becomes separate countries of North Vietnam, South Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, all of which are part of Vietnam conflict, longest war in U.S. history.

70 years ago today - May 17, 1949

[Dream Mine]
John H. Koyle died 17 May 1949 in Payson.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Dream Mine, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

125 years ago today - May 17, 1894

[President Wilford Woodruff Journal]
We met for the first time with Mr Perbeck. The Presidency & several of the Twelve went to the Pavilion with him. He is vary favorably impressed with our Affairs. I have felt that the President Lord had raised up that man to Assist Us in our temporal Deliverance.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - [circa 17-22] May 1884

[Revelation to John Taylor, Logan Utah]
... As thou hast asked me concerning this Temple, thus saith the Lord: I accept this house which thou hast built ... and inasmuch as it shall be preserved pure and not be defiled my presence shall be there even the power of my Spirit, - the Gift of the Holy Ghost; which shall in this house hereafter be more fully understood; and I will acknowledge the ordinances which shall be administered therein, both for the living and the dead ... many great principles pertaining to the past, to the present and the future shall be revealed and my word and my will be made known, and the laws of the Universe, pertaining to this world and other worlds be developed; for in these houses which have been buildt [built] unto me, and which shall be built I will reveal the abundance of those things pertaining to the past, the present, and the future, to the life that now is, and the life that is to come, pertaining to laws, order, rule, dominion and government, to things affecting this nation and other nations; - the laws of the heavenly bodies in their times and seasons, and the principles or laws by which they are governed, and their relation to each other, and whether they be bodies celestial, terrestrial or telestial, shall be made known as I will, saith the Lord; for it is my will and my purpose to place my people in closer communion with the heavens...

[Marquardt, H. Michael, http://www.xmission.com/~research/central/revel2.htm]

135 years ago today - May 17, 1884

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
May 17 I Met in the Temple at 10.30 in Logan to attend to the Dedication of the same. ... Doors were open + at 10 oclke and the people were permited to Enter upon showing a ticket of Admission. About 1,500 persons were admitted.

The Priesthood occupied the Stands. The first Presidency occupied the upper Stand in the west End G Q Cannon the North side J. F. Smith the south President Taylor the Centre. W Woodruff occupied the North seat with G Q Cannon L Snow the south by the side of J F. Smith. The quorum of the Twelve Apostles occupied the side seats North of the upper Stand The Patriarch the South the seventies the North of the Stand, below the Twelve. The Presidency of the Stake occupied the Stand Below the first Presidency. The Presidets of the Elders Quorum occupied the lower Stand at the west End. The Bishops & Aaronic Priesthood occupied the west Stand. Meeting Commenced at 10.30. Presidt John Taylor read the Dedicatory Prayer. Temple Hymn Sung. The Prayer is published in the various Papers of the day.

While attending the Dedication of this Temple, The reflection Came upon me of the many hours I had spent in Prayer in my Early manhood in Calling upon God to permit me to live in the Earth to see the Church of Christ Esstablished and a people raised up who would receive the Ancient Gospel and Contend for the faith once deliverd to the Saints. The LORD Promised me that I should live to find the People of God and have a Name & a place [within his] walls, & within his House, A name Better than of sons or of Daught[ers] a Name that should not be Cut off And I to day rejoice in having a Name with his people and assist in the Dedication of Another Temple to his most Holy Name. Praise be unto God and the Lamb forever. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - May 17, 1844

Nauvoo's political convention nominates Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon as presidential and vice-presidential candidates and appoints 344 delegates to campaign for their election in every state. All of the 26 states of the United States and ten Illinois counties are represented by delegates at the convention. Two non-Mormon delegates, Dr. G. W. Goforth and John S. Reid, have prominent speaking positions. Resolutions passed at the convention include: "4. Resolved, that to redress all wrongs, the government of the United States, with the President at its head, is as powerful in its sphere as Jehovah is in His." and "7. Resolved, that we will hold a National Convention at Baltimore on Saturday, the 13th day of Jul." The Baltimore convention was held but, due to the death of Joseph Smith adjourned sine die.

185 years ago today - May 17, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary (Zion's Camp)]
"... we camped for the Sabbath, having traveled forty miles that day; our feet were very sore and blistered, and our stockings were wet with blood, the weather being very warm. I walked most of the journey, letting the lame and footsore ride in my stead. I frequently invited the prophet to ride, seeing him lame and footsore; on such occasions he would bless me with a hearty good will. My team performed the journey very well.

"During the night a spy from the enemy attempted to get into our camp, but was stopped by the guard. We had our sentinels or guards appointed every night, on account of spies continually harassing us. This evening there was quite a difficulty between some of the brethren and Sylvester Smith, on occasion of which Brother Joseph was called to decide the matter. Finding quite a rebellious spirit in Sylvester Smith, and to some extent in others, he said they would meet with misfortune, difficulties and hindrances, 'and you will know it before you leave this place'; exhorting them to humble themselves before the Lord and become united, that they might not be scourged.

"A very singular occurrence took place that night and the next day concerning our teams. On the following morning when we arose we found almost every horse in the camp so badly foundered that we could scarcely lead them a few rods to the water. The brethren then deeply realized the effects of discord. When Brother Joseph learned the fact he exclaimed to the brethren that was for a witness that God overruled and had his eye upon them, that all those who would humble themselves before the Lord should know that the hand of God was in this misfortune, and their horses should be restored to health immediately; and by twelve o'clock the same day the horses were as nimble as ever, with the exception of one of Sylvester Smith's, which soon afterwards died. * * *

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

30 years ago today - May 16, 1989

Apostle Howard W. Hunter dedicated Brigham Young University's Jerusalem Center for Near Eastern Studies, despite years of protests by Israel's ultra-orthodox Jews against its construction. For decade Hunter privately urged First Presidency and Twelve to give greater attention to Muslim people through this project. BYU's president signed renewable forty-nine year lease for property on May 18, 1988.

40 years ago today - May 16, 1979

The DESERET NEWS reports that Utahns have a higher divorce rate than the national average, marry younger, and bear more children.

45 years ago today - May 16, 1974

Congress establishes Mount Olivet Cemetery in Salt Lake City as only civilian cemetery ever created by federal government. Although some civilians are buried in Washington, D.C.'s Arlington Cemetery, it is military cemetery. Congressmen do not trust Mormons to give proper respect to graves of non-Mormons.

50 years ago today - May 16, 1969

BYU officials tell undergraduates to remove peace signs from their dormitory windows with the curt explanation, "Just do it-you don't need a reason."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

90 years ago today - May 16, 1929

[George Albert Smith Diary]
Called on President Herbert Hoover who received me kindly. He feels that with the help of men like Reed Smoot his policies are likely to win. He feels that some of those he counted on to improve conditions are not playing fair.

[George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - May 16, 1884

Apostle Francis M. Lyman tells priesthood meeting that he "considered that the blood of Cain was more predominant in these Mexicans that that of Israel."

175 years ago today - May 16, 1844

Nauvoo convention resolves to support Joseph Smith for President of the U. S. and Sidney Rigdon as Vice President.

[Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology, Rev 01 Volume 01" http://bit.ly/tiddchron]

175 years ago today - May 16, 1844

Joseph Smith teaches that to obtain the highest degree of celestial glory, a couple must enter into the new and everlasting covenant of marriage.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

185 years ago today - May 16, 1834

(Zion's Camp) Joseph says he is very depressed in this place because he senses there was a great deal of bloodshed here at one time; he says, "Whenever a man of God is in a place where many have been killed, he will feel lonesome and unpleasant, and his spirit will sink." Many of the men worry about milk sickness. They pass through Dayton, Ohio; some people ask them who they are, and they answer very evasively: they are from the East, they are going west, sometimes one leads them and sometimes another! There is a court-martial that evening for Moses Martin. He is acquitted, but Joseph gives him a stern warning.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

80 years ago today - May 15, 1939

[President Heber J. Grant Diary]
Sister Amy Brown Lyman called, and she is very anxious that we make her son-in-law, Alex Schreiner, the organist of the Tabernacle, and Brother Frank Asper his assistant. She feels he is entitled to be the organist, that there is never the same harmony in any business where there is not a head, etc. I told her we had talked it over and over, and had made up our minds and had decided we were not going to make an organist. Alex is certainly a marvelous organist, but we feel that we can not afford to humiliate Brother Asper.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - May 15, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
... I think more of my credit than I do of my life ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - May 15, 1864

Brigham Young preaches, "I do not want 'Mormonism' to become popular; I would not, if I could, make it as popular as the Roman Catholic Church is in Italy, or as the Church of England is in England, because the wicked and ungodly would crowd into it in their sins. There are enough of such characters in it now."

175 years ago today - May 15, 1844

Josiah Quincy, a future mayor of Boston (1845–49), visits Joseph Smith in Nauvoo and later states: "It is by no means improbable that some future textbook . . . will contain a question something like this: What historical American of the nineteenth century has exerted the most powerful influence upon the destinies of his countrymen? And it is by no means impossible that the answer . . . may be thus written: Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet".

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database,' http://www.woodlandinstitute.com]

175 years ago today - May 15, 1844

Regarding his mummies and papyri, Joseph Smith tells Josiah Quincy, "I want you to look at that little runt of a fellow over there. He was a great man in his day. Why, that was Pharaoh Necho, King of Egypt! [Ezekiel, 27:13,15] ... That is the handwriting of Abraham, the Father of the Faithful,... This is the autograph of Moses, and these lines were written by his brother Aaron. Here we have the earliest account of the Creation, from which Moses composed the First Book of Genesis."

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

175 years ago today - May 15, 1844

The church's two newspapers, TIMES AND SEASONS and NAUVOO NEIGHBOR, publish this statement by Joseph Smith about Robert D. Foster: "When riding in the stage, I have seen him put his hand in a woman's bosom, and he also lifted up her [under] clothes." This is in reference to one of many trips undertaken with Foster from 1840 to 1843 with whom Smith maintained good fellowship until Foster joined William Law's dissension in Mar 1844.

175 years ago today - May 15, 1844

Josiah Quincy interviews Joseph Smith in Nauvoo. As a "Boston Brahmin" and soon-to-be mayor of Boston, Quincy is the first prominent American leader to request a meeting with and LDS president. In his 1883 FIGURES OF THE PAST Quincy writes: "What historical American of the nineteenth century has exerted the most powerful influence upon the destinies of his countrymen? and it is by no means improbable that the answer to that interrogatory may be thus written: 'Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet.'" Joseph Smith shows Quincy the Egyptian Papyrus and says, "That is the handwriting of Abraham, the father of the Faithful. This is the autograph of Moses, and these lines were written by his brother Aaron. Here we have the earliest account of the creation from which Moses composed the First Book of Genesis" When questioned about an illustration on the papyrus of a snake having legs Joseph replies, "Before the Fall snakes always went about on legs, just like chickens. They were deprived of them, in punishment for their agency in the ruin of man." After showing the mummies and papyri Joseph tells Quincy and his traveling companion, "Gentlemen, those who see these curiosities generally pay my mother a quarter of a dollar"

190 years ago today - May 15, 1829

Doctrine and Covenants 13: Ordination of Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery to the Aaronic Priesthood along the bank of the Susquehanna River, near Harmony, Pennsylvania, May 15, 1829. HC 1: 39-42. The ordination was done by the hands of an angel, who announced himself as John, the same that is called John the Baptist in the New Testament. The angel explained that he was acting under the direction of Peter, James, and John, the ancient apostles, who held the keys of the higher priesthood, which was called the Priesthood of Melchizedek. The promise was given to Joseph and Oliver that in due time the Priesthood of Melchizedek would be conferred upon them. See also Section 27: 7, 8, 12.

Keys and powers of Aaronic Priesthood are set forth.

[Doctrine and Covenants, http://amzn.to/DoctrineandCovenants]

90 years ago today - May 14, 1929

First verified date of Lorin C. Woolley's ordination of his priesthood "council of Friends," from which 90 percent of Mormon Fundamentalists derive authority to continue their "priesthood work." He claims he is last survivor of "Council of Friends" ordained by John Taylor on Sept. 27, 1886 to keep plural marriage alive. On Sept. 22, 1929 - Woolley signs detailed account of circumstances surrounding 1886 revelation.

175 years ago today - 1844 14 May.

The last initiation into Joseph Smith's Quorum of the Anointed is performed. This is probably the date Smith ordains Wight for his Texas mission and gives him "a white stone."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - about May 14, 1829

Harmony, Pennsylvania. Joseph Smith translated the account of the appearance of the resurrected Savior in 3 Nephi 11 in the Book of Mormon.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

60 years ago today - Wed May 13, 1959

[David O. McKay Office Journal]
[After courtesy meeting with Wilber M. Brucker, Secretary of the Army:] "I later remarked to the Brethren that I do not see any indication on the part of the Communists that they are modifying the original thought of Marx-- that the only way is destruction of capitalism, then they can build their hope for a millennium of Communism. In the present attempt, the same determination is shown to hold to that original thought; that for three days now the big powers have been in session, and have accomplished not a thing in their attempt at unification. Referring to present conditions and Communism, I said I thought it did not look very hopeful for peace. The Communists are getting stronger and stronger, and when they feel they are prepared to strike, I think they will strike. I do not like to express this thought, but that is my feeling. I hope that the nations will accomplish something in their present conferences in Geneva, but thus far they seem not to have accomplished much of anything. Let us hope and pray that they will show a spirit of yielding, but so far they have held to that abominable, demoniacal ideal, (atheist in the extreme) of Marx, who let his own wife and his children starve to death. It is the most atheistic, diabolical spirit of the devil that we have ever had in the world, and we are going to suffer from it."

[McKay, David O., Office Journal]

120 years ago today - Saturday, May 13, 1899

[Apostle John Henry Smith Diary]
Chicago

Matthias F. Cowley and I went out to Elgin and visited [Joseph Smith's son] David H. Smith at the insane Asylum. We spent several hours with him. He seemed somewhat dazed but talked quite freely.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - May 13, 1844

Joseph receives a letter from Orson Hyde in Washington and discusses it in general council. Orson Hyde writes that Joseph's proposal that he be empowered to raise 100,000 volunteers will probably not be passed. However, Orson Hyde does have several discussions with prominent legislators who give him good advice about the possibility of moving to Oregon or Texas, or even California. Unfortunately, however, since many Missourians are moving to Oregon, Hyde says that the move, if it is to be made, must be made at once. Hyde also describes his meeting with President Tyler, whom he describes as a "very plain, home spun, familiar, farmer-like man." Stephen A. Douglas recommends Oregon and says "he would resign his seat in Congress if he could command the force that Mr. Smith could, and would be on the march to the country in a month." Elder Hyde also hints of the probable coming war with Mexico, if Texas is admitted into the Union, and says that Orson Pratt and Elder Hyde himselfsubmitted a bill asking for $2 million in relief for the sufferings in Missouri. )

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - May 13, 1844

William Law, former counselor to Joseph Smith, writes in his diary: "[Joseph] ha[s] lately endeavored to seduce my wife, and ha[s] found her a virtuous woman." Law also notes in his journal his response to Sidney Rigdon concerning the terms he would need to forgo publishing the NAUVOO EXPOSITOR: "if they wanted peace they could have it on the following conditions. That Joseph Smith would acknowledge publicly that he had taught and practised the doctrine of plurality of wives, that he brought a revelation supporting the doctrine, and that he should own the whole system (revelation and all) to be from Hell."

65 years ago today - May 12, 1954

Appointment of A. Sherman Christenson as first active Mormon to be federal judge (U.S. District Court for Utah).

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

125 years ago today - May 12, 1894 (Saturday)

General Carter's "Industrials" captured a Union Pacific train at Lehi and proceeded as far as Provo, where the engine was ditched. Gov. West called out the militia, and deputy marshals arrested 27 of the "Industrials," including General Carter, and took them to the Penitentiary.

The Utah militia returned to Salt Lake City from Provo, and the "Industrial army" broke up.

[Wilford Woodruff writes: "12 J. F. Smith & myself went to the D. & R G to go to Manti to Attend the Conference. The marching Army under Carter had Stolen Carrs at Lehi & the Governor had gone Down to arange the Matter & after we waited two hours we got word that the train Could not Connect with the Manti train & we returned home."]

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - May 12, 1844

Joseph Smith teaches: "is not only necessary that you should be baptized for your dead, but you will have to go thro' all the ordinances for them, same as you have gone through, to save yourselves... I never told you I was perfect - but there is no error in the revelations which I had taught.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - 1844 12 May.

[Joseph Smith]
"about three hundred" people attend a meeting of William Law's Reformed Church in Nauvoo and listen to sermons against "the Spiritual wife doctrine" and "Smith's plan of uniting Church and State."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - May 12, 1844

Sunday. Joseph preaches on various topics, then says, "The Savior has the words of eternal life. Nothing else can profit us. . . . My enemies say that I have been a true prophet. Why, I had rather be a fallen true prophet than a false prophet. . . . False prophets always arise to oppose the true prophets and they will prophesy so very near the truth but they will deceive almost the very chosen ones. . . . I calculate to be one of the instruments of setting up the kingdom of Daniel by the word of the Lord, and I intend to lay a foundation that will revolutionize the whole world. . . . It will not be by sword or gun that this kingdom will roll on; . . . it may be that the Saints will have to beat their ploughs into swords, for it will not do for men to sit down patiently and see their children destroyed."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

195 years ago today - May 12, 1824

[Joseph Smith]
Local interest in fortune telling is sufficiently high that a Palmyra newspaper advertises two occult handbooks: The Complete Fortune Teller, and The Book of Fate .

[Wikipedia, Joseph Smith Chronology, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Joseph_Smith,_Jr.]

35 years ago today - May 11, 1984

At the Mormon History Association's annual meeting in Provo, Utah, Melvin T. Smith presents a paper titled "The Believing Mormon Historian's Dilemmas."

175 years ago today - May 11, 1844

The endowed quorum meets and two new members receive temple ordinances; Sidney Rigdon and John P. Greene. Sidney was invited by W. W. Phelps not Joseph Smith.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

180 years ago today - May 11, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
11th Resolved that the subject of Elder Rigdon's going to Washington be adjourned untill tomorrow.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - about May 11, 1829

Harmony, Pennsylvania. Joseph Smith translated the end of the book of Helaman and the beginning of 3 Nephi in the Book of Mormon.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

135 years ago today - May 10, 1884

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
Called on Prest Taylor this day and he advised me for the present to drop the Insurance Co and intimated that in the near future I might be called on a foreign mission. He advised me not to get too much interested in business matters as my duties as an apostle could not allow or admit of my time being occupied in that direction.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 10, 1854

[Brigham Young Sermon, Nephi UT]
... I want peace [with the Indians], don't you? I will tell you how to begin it. In the first place stop the boys and men fooling with the Indians and let the boys go to school, and let them learn good sense. Also let the Indians go to school and them be taught, and let the parents manifest good feelings towards the Indians, and the Lord will give us favor in the eyes of these Indians, and let them see that we want them to understand the things of God as they are, instead of wanting to slay them, you should pity them, but do not put yourselves on a level with them, but be above them and try to take a course to exalt them instead of decreasing? Yourselves to their level. Now go to work and raise train for them, also go to work and make a wall around your city so high that they cannot get over it. .... Now mark it, that if you do not do this, I will tell you that it will not be a many years until your throats will be cut and the Indians will take scalps enough to make a wick-a-up, and you will write this down as a prophecy, and write it down too, that if you will follow my counsel and do as I tell you and build your walls and forts as I direct you, not one of you shall be hurt. ... I have heard the people speak in tongues and prophecy and say I have got to go and teach the Lamanites and teach them to work and prepare them to receive the gospel, but as soon as they come among them, they want to kill them, but at the same time they will steal worse than the Indians. Now what should you do in such a case? Kill the Mormon thief and teach the Indian, for I have a thousand excuses for the Indians, to where I have one for the brethren in stealing from and killing each other. .... I expect you will soon come to my house and see a good squaw in my house. They are the seed of Israel. It will be but a very little while when they will be a white and delightsome people. This will come hard upon the women, but they must stand it.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - May 10, 1849

[Patriarchal Blessings]
[Patriarchal Blessing of Joseph Toronto on May 10, 1849]

... Thou shalt be endowed with power from on high and ... shall have power to do miracles before their eyes to astonish them, to heal the sick, cause the blind to see, and all other miracles, even to raise the dead, to rebuke the winds and the waves of the sea. All these miracles are to be done when it is necessary for the safety and salvation of thy people. ... You shall live to see the winding up scene of this generation, helping to build Zion with the saints ...

[Patriarchal Blessings]

175 years ago today - May 10, 1844

William Law distributes prospectus for NAUVOO EXPOSITOR newspaper. It advocates repeal of Nauvoo's charter and proposes to reveal "gross moral imperfections" in Nauvoo. Prospectus refers to Nauvoo's "SELF-CONSTITUTED MONARCH." Two days later Joseph Smith "called a meeting of the Kingdom," (Council of Fifty) during which the NAUVOO EXPOSITOR'S prospectus was a topic of discussion. Sidney Rigdon is authorized to visit Law and "negotiate terms of peace." Rigdon offers reinstatement of Law and his wife to "our standing in the Church and to all our offices, and they would publish it in the papers." Law counters with his own ultimatum: he demands that Joseph Smith publicly apologize for teaching "the doctrine of the plurality of wives." Rigdon "said he had not authority to go so far."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

180 years ago today - May 10, 1839

[Lucy Mack Smith]
Joseph Jr., Emma, and their four children move into the Homestead, a two-story, four-room log cabin purchased from Hugh White about a mile south of Commerce. Joseph Sr. and Lucy live in a lean-to built on this cabin.

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

180 years ago today - 1839 10 May.

Joseph Smith moves to the village of Commerce, Illinois, which he expands and renames Nauvoo in the new city plat on 30 Aug. By the end of 1845 the city's population would swell to 12,000, second only to Chicago in the state's urban population. Another 3,000 Mormons live in the surrounding area.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - May 10, 1839

[Joseph Smith]
When the Saints begin to move to the Iowa territory across the river from Commerce, they find that Dr. Isaac Galland, from whom they bought the land, did not have legal title to the half-breed lands. They are therefore eventually forced to move back across the river to Commerce.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

130 years ago today - Thursday, May 9, 1889

[Apostle John Henry Smith Diary]
Salt Lake City

Prest. W. Woodruff, G. Q. Cannon, J. F. Smith, L. Snow, F. D. Richards, F. M. Lyman, H. J. Grant and Myself met at the Gardo and dedicated a room for prayer and had a pleasant time.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

145 years ago today - May 9, 1874

General conference speakers promote establishment of communitarian "United Orders." Most successful and well-known is Orderville, Utah, where no one owns private property, clothing and houses are standardized, and everyone eats in common dining hall after food is prepared in communal kitchen. Orderville continues in this manner until dissolved in 1885 by instruction of Presidency and Twelve.

145 years ago today - May 9, 1874

George Q. Cannon set apart Assistant Counselor to President Brigham Young. Albert Carrington set apart Counselor to President Brigham Young.

[Wikipedia, Chronology of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_Quorum_of_the_Twelve_Apostles_(LDS_Church)]

185 years ago today - May 9, 1834

PAINESVILLE TELEGRAPH (Ohio) reports: "The Mormon war in Missouri is about to be renewed. Gen. Joe Smith took up his line of march from this country on Monday last, with a large party of his fanatical followers, for the seat of war. - This expedition has been a long time in active preparation. Soon after the outrages committed upon the members of the sect last Nov. in Missouri, the prophet here sent forth his general orders, which he pretended was a revelation from God, for all his able bodied men to repair to the scene of difficulty. His preachers were sent forth to all parts of the country among their proselytes, with a printed copy of the revelation in their pockets, reiterating and magnifying all the tales of woe which had befallen the church," in the "promised land." Like Peter the Hermit, in the days of the crusades, they have made every effort to stir up the holy zeal of the "warriors, my young men, and they that are of middle age also," to the combat. The[y] have been made to believe it was a direct command from the Supreme Being, which could not be disobeyed. For several months past they have been collecting munitions of war for the crusade. Dirks, knives, swords, pistols, guns, powder-horns, &c. &c. have been in good demand in this vicinity. Some have equipped themselves with four or five pistols. The prophet, it is said, has a sword over four feet long."

185 years ago today - May 9, 1834

(Zion's Camp) The Painesville Telegraph reports that Joseph has told his troops he is ready for martyrdom. The company reaches Wooster.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

155 years ago today - May 8, 1864

Apostle Erastus Snow writes that he "could not conscientiously, and in justice to the cause we are engaged in, refuse to Brother [Orson] Pratt [Jr.] the liberty to withdraw from the [High] Council as Brother Pratt's statements of his views, doubting as he does, the divinity of the calling of the Prophet Joseph Smith and the consequent building up of the Church" Orson Pratt Jr. had asked to be released but Erastus Snow had been trying to talk him out of it.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

175 years ago today - May 8, 1844

Joseph Smith states: "The only sin I ever committed was in exercising sympathy and covering up their [John C. Bennett and others] iniquities, on their solemn promise to reform, and of this I am ashamed, and will never do so again.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - May 8, 1844

Joseph is tried before the municipal court on Higbee's charge. He is acquitted, and Higbee pays the court costs.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - May 8, 1844

Forty-two-year-old Brigham Young takes sixteen-year-old Clarissa Caroline Decker as his fourth wife. Young had already taken Clarissa's sister Lucy as his second wife two years previously.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

185 years ago today - 1834 8 May.

Zion's Camp begins its armed march from Kirtland, Ohio, to Jackson County, Missouri, in obedience to a revelation of 24 Feb.: "the redemption of Zion must come by power...and ye shall avenge me of mine enemies."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

10 years ago today - May 7, 2009

... "With the revelation that Obama's late mother, Stanley Ann Dunham, was baptized by proxy last year in the faith's Provo temple, a spokesman for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints said it is "counter to church policy for a church member to submit names for baptism for persons to whom they are not related." ...

[The Salt Lake Tribune, Thomas Burr, "Obama's Momma Baptized", A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

135 years ago today - May 7, 1884

Pres[iden]t. W[illiam]. W. Cluffs [letter] was read wherein he tenders his resignation rather than to enter into plural marriage. refered to the 1st Presidency to decide.

[Franklin D. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

145 years ago today - May 07, 1874

During general conference, President Brigham Young organizes the united order in the Salt Lake City wards. Over the course of the following months, the order is organized in dozens of towns throughout the territory.

[The Woodland Institute 'On This Day Historical Database,' http://www.woodlandinstitute.com]

175 years ago today - 1844 7 May.

[Joseph Smith]
William Law and associates receive the printing press on which they plan to publish the Nauvoo Expositor.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

185 years ago today - May 7, 1834

"Once after returning from a mission, he [Zebedee Coltrin] met Bro. Joseph in Kirtland, who asked him if he did not wish to go with him to a conference at New Portage. The party consisted of Prests. Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Oliver Cowdery and myself. Next morning at New Portage, he noticed that Joseph seemed to have a far off look in his eyes, or was looking at a distance, and presently he, Joseph, stepped between Brothers Cowdery, and Coltrin and taking them by the arm, said, "lets take a walk." They went to a place where there was some beautiful grass, and grapevines and swampbeech interlaced. President Joseph Smith then said, "Let us pray." They all three prayed in turn--Joseph, Oliver and Zebedee. Bro. Joseph then said, "now brethren we will see some visions." Joseph lay down on the ground on his back and stretched out his arms and the two brethren lay on them. The heavens gradually opened, and they saw a golden throne, on a circular foundation, something like a light house, and on the throne were two aged personages, having white hair, and clothed in white garments. They were the two most beautiful and perfect specimens of mankind he ever saw. Joseph said, They are our first parents, Adam and Eve. Adam was a large broad shouldered man, and Eve as a woman, was as large in proportion."

[Salt Lake School of the Prophet, Minutes, 1883, pp. 69-70; CHO CR/390/1/Box 1, Oct 11, 1883]

165 years ago today - May 6, 1854

Patriarchal Blessing of Henry Augustus Martineau given by Elisha H. Groves ... Thou shalt be delivered by the Holy Angels like unto Moroni in the day of battle. The Angel of Venge[a]nce shall be with thee - shall strengthen and nurse thy sinews that thou mayest be able to avenge the blood of innocence upon those that dwell upon the earth. Wisdom shall be given unto thee, that thou mayest be able to fill any mission or station that shall be given unto thee in thy day. ...

Thou shalt behold the winding up scene - the coming of thy Redeemer - the reign of peace upon the Earth, delight thyself in the blessing of the fruit of the vine and the olive yard - receive receive thy enduement [endowment] and blessings in the temple in Zion, be anointed a king and a priest unto the most High God, receive thy crown, kingdom, power, dominion and eternal increase, be numbered with the hundred and forty-four thousand, reign with thy Redeemer upon the Earth. These blessings shall be sure unto thee. I seal them upon thy head in the name of Jesus of Nazareth, even so. Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

165 years ago today - May 6, 1854

[Brigham Young]
If the Lord should open the visions of the minds of the people that have gone to Calafornia so that they could see things as they are they would as soon cut their throats as to have done it but they dont see it. ...

We are approaching very swiftly the time when Jesus will come to see if we are of one heart & mind which the Prophet Joseph said would be in this generation & will manifest himself to the Saints & take up his abode with him. This was said 2 [.] years ago & in 26 years more if we are not prepared to meet Jesus [-] angels we shall be wiped out & sent to hell. We are fast approaching the time.

... What if the people in Jackson Co. had been good & been sanctified? What would have been the situation of the people? Why, the liars & goats would have had their heads cut off....

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - May 6, 1849 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
The President prophesied that we would have an abundant crop this year. Also that this was the only place on earth for the saints to gather and if we were driven from here there would be no place for us.

[The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - May 6, 1844

[Joseph Smith]
10 [A.M.] to 12 in council [with the Council of Fifty]. 2 to 4 1/2 P.M. in council. Voted Almon W. Babbit go on a [diplomatic] mission to France. L[ucien] Woodworth on a [diplomatic] mission to Texas and Sidney Rigdon be candidate for the Vice Presidency of the U[nited] States.

Had a warrant served on me from Circuit Court on complaint of F[rancis] M. Higbee. Dam[ag]e[s] $5,000. Petition for writ of Habeus Corpus. Writ issued by clerk of Municipal Court.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1844, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

175 years ago today - Monday, May 6, 1844

[George Miller]
In this council it was agreed upon that we would run Joseph Smith for President of the U.S. which we would certainly do, and also Sidney Rigdon for Vice President; and in case they were elected we would at once establish dominion in the United States, and in view of a failure we would send a minister to the then Republic of Texas to make a treaty with the Cabinet of Texas for all that country north of a west line from the falls of the Colorado River to the Nueces [River]; thence down the same to the Gulf of Mexico, and along the same to Rio Grand, and up the same to the U.S. territory, and get them to acknowledge us as a nation; and on the part of the church we would help them defend themselves against Mexico, standing as a go- between [for] the belligerent powers. And if successful in this matter we would have dominion in spite of the United States, and we would send the Black River lumber company to take possession of the newly acquired territory.-Lucien Woodworth was chosen minister to Texas.

[George Miller letter, Northern Islander, Michigan, 1855, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

180 years ago today - May 6, 1839

[Wilford Woodruff Journal]
Several of the Brethren attended this conference that was wounded by the Missouri mob one of which I will mention which was Brother ISAAC LEANY who was in company with about twenty others at Hawns mill in upper Missouri when a large armed mob fell upon them with loaded rifles & other weapons & shot down Seventeen of the Saints & murdered them in cool blood.

Brother Leany flead from the midst of this seanery & while fleeing the mob poured forth a shower of balls upon him which pierced his body through and through. He showed me eleven ball holes in his body. Their was 27 in his shirt, 7 in his pantaloons, & his coat literally cut to rags. One ball entered his body at one armpit & came out at the other. Another entered the back & came out at the breast. A ball passed through each hip through each leg & each arm. All this was while he was running for life & as strange as it may appear all those wounds with one broken rib did not lessen his speed in the least but he entirely out run his enemies & saved his life. We can ownly acknowledge it to be by the power & mercy of God.

Brother Joseph Young was among the number. He also fled & although the balls flew around him like hailstones yet he was not wounded. How marvelous are the ways of the Lord.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - May 6, 1834

Oliver Cowdery: -Within that house, God shall pour out his Spirit in great majesty and glory and encircle his people with fire more gloriously and marvelously than at Pentecost

[Letter of Oliver Cowdery to John F. Boynton at Saca, Maine, written May 6, 1834, at Kirtland Timeline – Kirtland Safety Society, the Bank of Monroe, Temple Dedication, Consecration, and significant historical events related, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/kirtland-timeline-kirtland-safety-society-the-bank-of-monroe-temple-dedication-consecration-and-significant-historical-events-related/]

185 years ago today - May 6, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary, Zion's Camp]
We were now reorganized in the following order: Joseph was acknowledged commander in chief; Lyman Wight was chosen general of the camp; then Brother Joseph chose twenty men for his life guard, I being one of the number; Brother George A. Smith was Joseph's armor bearer; Hyrum Smith was chosen captain of the life guard ...

[Whitney, Helen Mar, Jeni Broberg Holzapfel, and Richard Neitzel Holzapfel, A Woman's View: Helen Mar Whitney's Reminiscences of Early Church History, Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997]

85 years ago today - May 5, 1934

By authorization of President Heber J. Grant, all former priesthood and temple blessings are restored to William A. Hickman. He was excommunicated in 1868 for reasons not completely clear. Official Church records cite "apostasy," but Hickman declared it was because he left the territory "without permission." Hickman testified under oath that Brigham Young had "ordered" him to commit murder. In 1872 Brigham Young was indicted for murder based on Hickman's testimony. The charges were later dropped.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com, based on Michael Quinn's Mormon Hierarchy vols 1 & 2]

115 years ago today - Thursday, May 5, 1904

[Rudger Clawson Diary]
... The bishop of the 2nd Ward informed him [Elder Hyrum Smith], just as he stopped on the train to return home, that there is a patriarch [Rasmus Rasmussen] in the Cache Stake in Logan, who visits the saloon and who is guilty of stealing whiskey in small bottles from the saloon. The empty bottles had ben found in his home, and yet he is sustained in his position as patriarch. ...

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

115 years ago today - May 5, 1904; Thursday

[Abraham O. Woodruff]
I occupy a very delicate position in relation to Brother [Senator Elect, Apostle Reed] Smoot's case in view of the stand I took in regard to this matter when it came before our Council, which stand I do not believe he has ever quite excused. On account of this fact I should very much dislike to be called as a witness and be forced to say anthing detrimental to his cause. I gave my views honestly and because I feared his candidacy would bring trouble to the Cause and because I never have believed it a proper thing to sacrifice principle to the policies of ambitions of men, if Brother Smoot feels badly toward me for giving an honest expression of my views when I was invited to do so all I can say is that I am sorry that he feels so.

[Abraham Owen Woodruff, letter to Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund, LDS Archives]

160 years ago today - May 5-6, 1859

[Mountain Meadows]
The army and Judge Cradlebaugh inspect the massacre scene. Skulls, bones, masses of women's hair, and bits of clothing still litter the scene. Remains of the victims are buried by troops. Cradlebaugh follows up his visit with a letter to President Buchanan outlining his conclusion that the murders were committed "by order of council."

[Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

165 years ago today - May 5, 1854

[Brigham Young]
... The traditions of the people were so strong that they could not bear the Idea of having a Prophet dictate their temporal affairs.... Judge ye then why should it be thought a thing incredible or unjust for a profit [prophet] of God who is called to guide & controll us in all the weighty matters that consern us should also counsel us in those lesser matters of every day life? Now go to & build your wall around your City as you have been Commanded to do & the blessings of God will rest upon you. But if you refuse to follow the counsel given there is a rod preparing for you & it will be but a short time before you will see the law of God visible in the counsel that has been given to this people ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - May 5-Jul 3, 1834

The march of Zion's Camp from Kirtland to Missouri: This group of Saints marches about nine hundred miles in three weeks to protect the Saints in Missouri from the other Missourians if and when Gov. Dunklin restores them to their Jackson County lands. Beginning with about 100 men, the numbers eventually swell to 204 men, 11 women, and 8 children. Joseph divides them into companies of 12 men each, and each company has 2 cooks, 2 firemen, 2 tentmen, 2 watermen, 2 wagoneers and horsemen, 1 runner, and 1 commissarian. A man marches in front of the group carrying a white flag with the red letters PEACE on it. They take whatever old weapons they can get. Joseph has the best weapons of all, including a good sword, rifle, a very aggressive bulldog, and a fine pair of silver-mounted pistols with brass barrels, which were captured in the War of 1812. Joseph travels incognito, calling himself Squire Cook. Every morning at four o'clock and every evening a trumpet blast signals for the men tokneel for their prayers.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - May 5, 1834

[Heber C. Kimball diary - Zion's camp leaves Kirtland]
We started on the 5th of May, and truly this was a solemn morning to me. I took leave of my wife and children and friends, not expecting ever to see them again, as myself and brethren were threatened both in that country and in Missouri by the enemies, that they would destroy us and exterminate us from the land.

There were about one hundred brethren in our company who started for Zion. These brethren were all young men and nearly all elders, Priests, Teachers and Deacons.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

70 years ago today - May 4, 1949

[David O. McKay]
(9:30 a.m.) Brother Alexander Schreiner came in very much upset because Brother Asper had accused him of claiming to be 'head Tabernacle organist,' and Brother Asper said that if it ever happened again there would be 'fire works.' It has happened again, and Brother Schreiner says it is through no wish or action of his, but some magazine has referred to him as 'chief organist' in the Tabernacle. Others have referred to Brother Schreiner as 'Head organist.' Brother Schreiner said, 'I don't want to hurt Brother Asper and I do not know what to do.' I said 'Don't do anything, and when the 'fire works' come we shall see if we can distinguish the flame with some pacifying element.'

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - May 4, 1904

President Joseph F. Smith allows Francis M. Lyman, president of the Quorum of the Twelve, to send a letter on First Presidency stationery urging the apostles "in your private conversations and counsels" to avoid any "infractions of the law in regard to plural marriage." This is couched in the language of "advice" similar to the 1890 "manifesto" of Wilford Woodruff and does not specify that plural marriages are forbidden under any circumstance anywhere in the world.

115 years ago today - May 4, 1904

[Francis M. Lyman]
... I occupy a very delicate position in relation to Brother [Reed] Smoot's case in view of the stand I took in regard to this matter when it came before our Council, which stand I do not believe he has ever quite excused. On account of this fact I should very much dislike to be called as a witness and be forced to say anything detrimental to his cause. I gave my views honestly and because I feared his candidacy would bring trouble to the Cause and because I never have believed it a proper thing to sacrifice principle to the policies of ambitions of men, if Brother Smoot feels badly toward me for giving an honest expression of my views when I was invited to do so all I can say is that I am sorry that he feels so. Pres[iden]t Jos[eph] F Smith called in Bro[ther] [Charles] Wilcken & myself & stated he wished to call all our underground friends together at a Social to be held in the Bee Hive House next Thursday May 12th at 4 oclock p.m.

[Francis M. Lyman, Letter to 'Dear Brother', as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - May 4, 1884

[George Q. Cannon]
My brethren and sisters, it is a glorious truth that has been taught to us, that we are literally the children of God, that we are his literal descendants, as Jesus was literally descended from Him, and that He is our Father as much as our earthly parent is our father, and we can go to Him with a feeling of nearness, knowing this, understanding it by the revelations which God has given to us.

[J. D. 25:155; George Q. Cannon; Delivered in Salt Lake Tabernacle, Salt Lake Stake Quarterly Conference; Sunday Evening, May 4, 1884; Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

135 years ago today - May 4, 1884

Future apostle James E. Talmadge writes, "Have just returned tonight from service at the Westminster Presbyterian Church. The minister spoke against belief in Darwinism and like most ministers whose remarks I have heard or read upon this subject-showed his ignorance. He spoke much as an ordinary person would-"Darwin. Oh yes-says we come from monkeys"-then condemns. I certainly think 'tis the ministers themselves who have bred the disgust with which most scientific people regard them-because they will dabble with matters from which their ignorance should keep them at a safe distance. The speaker tonight brought out many noble principles, but in spite of his eminence as a preacher-self contradiction and inconsistency were apparent."

180 years ago today - May 4, 1839

Orson Hyde and William Smith (Joseph's brother) are dropped from the Quorum of Twelve. Smith is reinstated later in the month and Hyde is reinstated on Jun 27.

35 years ago today - May 3, 1984

Dallin H. Oaks is ordained to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles [replacing Mark E. Peterson].

[Wikipedia, 20th Century (Mormonism), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century_(Mormonism)]

40 years ago today - May 3, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
[USU professor] Hal [Harold W.] Bentley called to say that he had read through The Mormon Experience and that he thought it was a marvelous book. He doesn't understand how we were able to "get away with" all the things we did, considering the feelings of certain of the Brethren. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

105 years ago today - May 3, 1914

[Apostle Heber J. Grant Diary]
President [Joseph F.] Smith endorsed every word that Sister Cannon had said regarding the divinity of the principle of plural marriage, but stated that no man on earth has the right today to enter into plural marriage, and that no man on earth had the right to perform such a plural marriage.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - May 3, 1854

A month after Brigham Young publicly condemns and excommunicates lawyer Jesse T. Hartley, he starts for eastern states, apparently without Young's safe-conduct pass. William A. Hickman murders him during trip with Apostle Orson Hyde and Hosea Stout in the canyon. Stout's diary verifies Hìckman's later account of this.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

170 years ago today - May 3, 1849

On 3 May 1849 John M. Bernhisel left Great Salt Lake City with petitions asking Congress to create the Territory of Deseret, encompassing the Great Basin, the Colorado River drainage area, and a link to the Pacific Ocean around San Diego. Earlier, a slate of officers, all Mormon, had been endorsed in a mass meeting and the executive branch of Deseret had begun to function under "Governor" Brigham Young.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Deseret, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

175 years ago today - Before May 3, 1844

Augustine Spencer writes a letter charging Joseph Smith with drinking, swearing, carousing, and keeping six or seven young females as wives.

[Tidd, N. R., "Mormon Chronology, Rev 01 Volume 01" http://bit.ly/tiddchron]

175 years ago today - Friday, May 3, 1844

[Brigham Young to Reuben Hedlock]
All things are going on gloriously at Nauvoo. We shall make a great wake in the nation. Joseph [Smith] for President. Your family is well, and friends generally. We have already received several hundred volunteers to go out electioneering and preaching and more offering. We go for storming the nation. ... The Kingdom is organized; and although as yet no bigger than a grain of mustard seed ... Cousin Lemuel is very friendly, and cultivating the spirit of peace and union in his family very extensively. William and Wilson Law, R[obert] D. Foster, C[hauncey] L. & F[rancis] Higbee, father [Austin] Cowles &c., have organized a new church. (Laws and Fosters were first cut off.) William Law is prophet, James Blakesley and Cowels, counselors; Higbee and Foster of the twelve: ... 'Tis the same old story over again, "The doctrine is right, but Joseph is a fallen prophet." Your brethren in the New Covenant, Brigham Young, Willard Richards.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Friday, May 3, 1844

George Miller refers to the Council of Fifty as the "council (of fifty princes of the kingdom)".

[George Miller letter, Northern Islander, Michigan, 1855, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - May 3, 1844 • Friday

[Council of Fifty]
Elder [Lucien] Woodworth having returned from his mission, reported that in course of his travels he had visited Galveston in the Texas, and had an interview with President [Sam] Houston. He made some propositions to Houston, but at first he thought nothing could be done. There are two parties in Texas, about equal in power. Houston goes out of office in December 'Tis thought he will be re-elected. There are many speculators who wish to have the Texas annexed to the United States to raise the price of land. ... There are many speculators in New Orleans &c who married [carried?] their slaves to Texas. ... The Texian government offered England certain principles for protection. I made a proposition to General Houston to give or sell us a tract of land on the Rio Grande. President thought it doubtful whether Congress would grant it. Next day he thought Congress might grant the Saints a tract for a settlement. ... Houston asked if I had any books on our religion and was sorry I had not, so that he could read them. I told him I did not come to treat with him on religion. I told him if he did agree to give us a tract on which we might institute a government, we might try to get some other grant and assist them in their government. ...

The chairman [Joseph Smith] suggested to select 50 men aside from this council and organize them. Give each man his stint, to convert his equal in Texas at Galveston, and assist them in organizing a good government. ...

Er Hyrum Smith thought the first move ought to be to get a grant of land on which to colonize the poor of England &c. and the fame thereof will go abroad as a place of rest and safety, and the people may gather.

Dr. [John M.] Bernhisel approved of petitioning Congress of Texas for a grant of land. ...

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

180 years ago today - May 3, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff Journal]
We arived at his [Joseph Smith's] house & once more had the happy privilege of taking Brother Joseph by the hand. Two years had rolled away since I had seen his face. He greeted us with great Joy.

He had just received deliverance from prision & the hand of his enemies & returned to the bosom of his family & friends & also Hiram his brother & Lyman Wight & two other brethren. They had been confined in prison about six months & had been under the sentence of death three times. But yet there lives were in the hands of God & could not be taken by their enemies & they were now at home & we in their midst rejoicing together. Joseph was frank open & familiar as usual. Sister Emma was truly happy.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - May 3, 1834

More than 100 men gather in Kirtland to form an organization known as "Zion's Camp." They confirm Joseph Smith as "President of the Church of Christ" and identify the organization as the "church of Latter Day Saints" in a conference of elders.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

185 years ago today - May 3, 1834

A conference of elders renames the Church of Christ to the Church of the Latter Day Saints at Sidney's suggestion. Joseph calls volunteers in Kirtland together, speaks for a short time, and seals them up to eternal life: we ware all Sealed up to Eternal Life by Joseph and said they should come forth in the day of the Lord if they comited sins they would be delivereth over to the bufetings of Satan for the destruction of the flesh but they should come forth in of the day of the Lord Jesus.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

70 years ago today - May 2, 1949

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
Today I had an interview with Dr. Heber C. Snell, who is a teacher in the institute in Logan. He has not been sound in his faith and has been called in question repeatedly because of his doctrine. Elder John W. Widtsoe, I invited to be present and also Elder A. William Lund. I was convinced that Dr. Snell ... had been guilty of following, and believeing, the doctrines of the un-inspired teachers of the school of divinity at the Chicago University ... I showed him wherein his doctrines contradicted the teachings in the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants. He has written a book on the Old Testament, which, in my judgment, is destructive of faith... He professes to believe in the Book of Mormon and the mission of the Prophet, but he does not accept the miracles ... [that] the Bible has been a progressive development from a belief in a blood- thirsty tribal god to the loving and kindly Savior of the New Testament. In other words, that God, or the belief in God has been a progressive development. The ancient prophets, in fact, thought they received revelations to kill people and create war, etc. ...

[Joseph Fielding Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]