40 years ago today - Jun 18, 1978-Sunday

[Leonard Arrington]
For a part of the trip, Gil [Warner] was able to sit next to Brother Packer. Gil asked him if he could share some of the experiences which led up to the announcement of the revelation on the priesthood for blacks. Brother Packer said he could share part of the experience, part of it he could not share. Brother Packer said President [Spencer W.] Kimball had felt it necessary to petition the Lord on this matter. And so, for the past two months he has gone daily to an upper room in the temple to pray specifically for that purpose. On the morning of Thursday, June 1, he decided to share some of his impressions with the Twelve [apostles]. He asked them, in advance, to fast for the purpose. He and they then spent some time discussing the problem in its various aspects. At a certain point in the discussion, President Kimball then asked if he might give a prayer on behalf of the group. So he went to the altar and prayed earnestly to the Lord. At a certain point in the prayer, Elder Packer stated, all present became aware of what the decision must be. He did not say what happened; this is no doubt the part which he was forbidden to tell. But there was some kind of manifestation, presumably which was plain to all those present. As Brother Packer referred to this he sobbed-something which he does not commonly do. Obviously, it was a tender experience. President Kimball finished the prayer. Then Elder [Ezra Taft] Benson said: "We all are aware of what has happened. Now what should we do about it?" President [Marion G.] Romney spoke up and said, "Let's take a week to formulate a statement to announce it to the other general authorities and to the Church." So in the subsequent week the statement which appeared in the papers was drawn up. Presumably it was read to the Twelve in their June 8 meeting. It was then read to all the general authorities. The authorities were then asked to comment on it, one by one. When every single one of them indicated their approval, it was then announced to the media, and to the Church as a whole. [[The announcement was later published in the LDS Doctrine 32 Covenants as "Of- ficial Declaration 2." It states that God "heard our prayers, and by revelation has confirmed that the long-promised day has come when every faithful, worthy man in the Church may receive the holy priesthood, with power to exercise its divine authority, and enjoy with his loved ones every blessing that flows therefrom, including the blessings of the temple."]] In the Priesthood meeting, when Brother Warner had finished telling this, Bill Pulsipher said that on the morning of June 9 he was meeting in a board of directors meeting with Elder Paul Dunn. Elder Dunn was late for the meeting, and as he came in, it was obvious that he had been crying. He then took a few moments to tell the group what had taken place. He emphasized that all at the meeting of the general authorities were certain that this was a revelation from the Lord. ...

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - Jun 18, 1973-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
Michael Quinn came in this afternoon to say that he had received a definite offer from the graduate school at Yale University ..... We all agreed that it is desirable for him and for us that he pursue the Ph.D. at Yale. It will add prestige to our division and department and will put him in line some day to become Assistant Church Historian. ...

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

85 years ago today - Jun 18, 1933

Nazi Party newspaper in Berlin publishes "Juden und Mormonen," which chritcizes Germans for belonging to LDS church which has "always been very friendly with Jews."

Church Section of the Deseret News, prints "official First Presidency statement" by J. Reuben Clark on John Taylor's 1886 revelation on polygamy: "the archives of the Church contain no such revelation; nor any evidence justifying a belief that any such revelation was ever given. From the personal knowledge of some of us, from the uniform and common recollection of the presiding quorums of the Church, from the absence in the Church Archives of any evidence whatsoever justifying any belief that such a revelation was given, we are justified in affirming that no such revelation exists." Clark's statement proves to be incorrect on virtually every point. Though church leaders did not have the original revelation, they owned the copy which John W. Taylor had given Wilford Woodruff in 1887. Furthermore, Heber J. Grant was in attendance at the 22 February 1911 Quorum of the Twelve meeting when the 1886 revelation was discussed and entered into the minutes.

115 years ago today - Jun 18, 1903

[Joseph F. Smith letter]
From the inquiries you make in relation to recommending for [a] second anointing, we take it for granted that you yourself have not received your second blessings. If we are correct we suggest that you receive these blessings in your own behalf before recommending others to receive them, and we extend the same invitation to your counselors. Please therefore make out recommends in favor of yourself and wife or wives, and the same for your counselors and their wives, and we will take pleasure in signing them.

[Source: Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund to Alonzo A. Hinckley, June 18, 1903, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

115 years ago today - Jun 18, 1903; Thursday

The subject of plural marriage was touched upon by President Smith, he bearing testimony to the fact that it was revealed to the Church and practiced by Joseph Smith; also that the endowments as given today, were revealed to the Prophet Joseph. These things, the speaker said, were also testified to by others, and particularly by Sister Bathsheba W. Smith, who said that she was a living witness of these things, she having received her endowments under the administration of the Prophet Joseph himself. ...

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Jun 18, 1888

[Marriner W. Merrill]
My son Marriner was released from the penitentiary today. Came home, met a grand reception, 140 persons took supper with him.

[Source: Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Jun 18, 1888

L. John Nuttall records: "It was a very warm day today. I have felt warm all through me and heavily oppressed. I was forced to take off my garments-they being woollen were too warm. I did not feel able to work. . . . I walked out this evening. Mrs. Caine let me have a pair of Bro. Caines light garments which I put on."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jun 18, 1843, Sunday

[William Clayton]
On the night of June 18, 1843, Clayton was visiting at the home of a Sister Booth, along with Ruth and her sister, Margaret {who had only recently become his first plural wife}. Suddenly William F. Cahoon rushed in, telling Clayton that Hyrum Smith wanted to see him at the temple immediately. Another writ was out for Joseph's arrest, but he was away with his wife and family, visiting Emma's sister, Elizabeth Wasson, who lived near Dixon. Clayton rushed to the temple where Hyrum met him and asked him to ride to Dixon immediately to warn Joseph. Clayton borrowed $120 for the trip, persuaded Stephen markham to go with him, and rode swiftly out of town at midnight on Joseph Smith's favorite horse, Joe Duncan. The two riders covered the 190 miles in sixty-four hours, with very little rest along the way. It is not suprising that Joe Duncan was do jaded at the end of the trip that he could not be ridden for several days.

[Source: Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

180 years ago today - Jun 18, 1838

Hyrum and Uncle John Smith, Sampson Avard, and 83 other Mormons sign an ultimatum directed at Oliver Cowdery, David and John Whitmer, Lyman E. Johnson, and William W. Phelps, warning them to leave the county immediately lest a "fatal calamity shall befall you."

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

35 years ago today - Jun 17, 1983-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
Statement submitted to 43rd edition of Who's Who:

A religious historian must be tenacious in preserving his bilinguality; he must attempt to speak with authority and excellence in addressing his professional colleagues in the language of scholarship and, in the language of faith seek to provide his fellow-communicants with another experience, another soul, new understandings of life. [[Arrington is musing over the contradictory, irreconcilable expectations of him, not that he actually sent this for submission in the Who's Who bibliographic dictionary.]]

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jun 17,1978

Church News headline "Interracial Marriage Discouraged" in same issue which announces authorization of priesthood for those of black African descent. Sources at church headquarters indicate that Apostle Mark E. Petersen requires this emphasis.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

85 years ago today - Jun 17, 1933

The First Presidency issues its most comprehensive and legalistic statement against post-Manifesto plural marriage and specifically denies the legitimacy of claims that John Taylor had an 1886 revelation on plural marriage. This statement causes a final break between the church and its Fundamentalists, who soon become true schismatics.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Jun 17, 1908

[Minutes of the Seventies]
[Seymour B. Young speaking:] Thursday, the 11th, agreeable with instructions from the First Council of the Seventy placed before the Presidency of the Church the physical and mental condition of Brother George Reynolds, giving reasons why the First Council thought he ought to be sent to the Sanitarium of Portland, Oregon, the Presidency of the Church approved of his being sent and made necessary arrangements for transportation and one-half of his expenses while at the Sanitarium.

[Source: Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 1: Minutes of the Seventies, 1837-1933, Excerpts]

115 years ago today - Jun 17, 1903; Friday

[Council of 70]
The General Secretary presented a condensed report of all the non-tithe payers in the Seventies Quorums of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints during the year 1901-02.

There are 143 Quorums

Twenty Quorums reported having no non-tithe payers.

Two Quorums failed to report.

No. non-tithe payers a/c neglect and carelessness,277

" " " " " indebtedness, 21

" " " " " Sickness and physical

disqualifications 30

" " " " " poverty, 83

" " " " " unbelief in tithing, 27

Missionaries returned home and were in debt, 18

No. that do not like manner of disbursing tithing, 10

No. of non-tithe payers disgruntled because of difficulties

existing between them and local Stake officers, 9

Bro[ther]. [B. H.] Roberts moved that the report be filed, Carried.

[Source: Excerpt from the Minutes of the First Council of the Seventy]

135 years ago today - Jun 17, 1883

Erastus Snow reported that the angel accused the Prophet of "being neglectful in the discharges of his duties [regarding polygamy]" and spoke "of Joseph having to plead on his knees before the Angel for his Life."

[Source: Erastus Snow quoted in A. Karl Larson and Katherine Miles Larson, Diary of Charles Lowell Walker, 2 Volumes, Utah State University Press, Logan, Utah, 1980, 2:611, entry for June 17, 1883, at Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

175 years ago today - Jun 17, 1843

[Heber C. Kimball]
Elder Snow and my self had a preshious time. On the 17[th] our minds were opened on things pertaining to our furture State. Sush as laying a good foundation fore here after and to do all things in view of Eternity. Fore all things that are only done [for] time will desolve when the body does. Tharefore our works will be veign [vain]. I feel a great Zeal this morning to press my way forward and have all things made shure fore time. O God the Eternal Father in the name of Jesus Christ of Nasreth wilth Thou fore give me all the sins that I have ever done since I have come here on this Thy foot stool, and let my heart be pure in Thy sight and my hands clean all the days I shall live in this probation, that my feet may never slip, that I may be filled with Zeal and that acording to /the/ knowledg and that knowledg that proceeds from the Father keep Thy servent from Evry veign thing, and as-sist me to be true to The[e] and to all that love Thy name that treacherry may never have a place in my heart or ever be known among my posturity. Let peas beat down upon my dear Vilate that sorrow may pass away, and pease take the seat. Let Health be and abide with them and all that belongs to me. Even so Amen.

[Source: Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

180 years ago today - Jun 17, 1838

[John D. Lee]
Lee and his wife were baptized on 17 June 1838 after meeting Joseph Smith for the first time. The experience of baptism was powerful enough to cause him to dedicate his life to the Mormon Church. As part of the work of building up the Kingdom of God, Lee eventually married eighteen more women and fathered sixty children. Lee became a member of the Danites, a secret fraternal order that was pledged to defend the rights of Mormons.

[Source: Utah History Encyclopedia: John D. Lee, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

180 years ago today - Jun 17, 1838

First Counselor Sidney Rigdon preaches his "Salt Sermon" as a warning against dissenters at Far West. Quoting the fifth chapter of Matthew ("Ye are the salt of the earth. If the salt has lost its savor, it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out and trodden under the feet of men." Matt 5:13) he explains when men embrace the gospel and afterward lose their faith, it is the duty of the Saints to trample them under their feet and calls on the people to rise en masse and rid the country of such a nuisance. Rigdon explains, "when a county, or body of people have individuals among them with whom they do not wish to associate and a public expression is taken against their remaining among them and such individuals do not remove, it is the principle of republicanism itself that gives that community a right to expel them forcibly and no law will prevent it."

175 years ago today - Jun 16, 1843

At night, Judge James Adams of Springfield sends an urgent message to Nauvoo that Gov. Ford plans to issue a writ to take Joseph back to Missouri, based on the requisition from the Missouri governor.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

50 years ago today - Jun 15, 1968

One of Ezra Taft Benson's 1968 talks on government was published by the influential periodical Vital Speeches of the Day. It was republished in an academic journal.

[Source: Benson, "The Proper Role of Government," Vital Speeches 24 (15 June 1968): 514-20, also reprinted in Agricultural Engineering 49 (Aug. 1968): 469-71. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

140 years ago today - Jun 15, 1878

[Wilford Woodruff]
I had a vary strange vision Copied in the office to day of a Desolating sickness which Covered the whole land.

A Vision

Salt Lake City, Night of Dec 16, 1877

I [ ] went to bed at my usual hour half past nine oclok. I had been reading the Revelations in the French Language. My mind was Calm, more so than usual if possible to be so. I Composed myself for sleep but Could not sleep. I felt a strange stupor Come over me and apparently became partially unconscious. Still I was not asleep, nor awake With a strange far away dreamy feelings.

The first I recognized was that I was in the Tabernacle at Ogden sitting on the back seat in the Cornor for fear they would Call upon me to Preach which after singing the second time, they did by Calling me to the Stand.

I arose to speak and said I did not Know that I had any thing special to say Except to bear my Testimony to the Truth of the Latter Day work when all at once it seemed as though I was lifted out of myself, and I said "yes I have sumthing to Say, it is this--some of my brethren present have been asking me what is Coming to pass, what is the wind blowing up. I will answer you right here what is Coming to pass shortly.

I was immediately in Salt Lake City wandering about the streets in all parts of the City and On the door of every house I found a badge of mourning, and I Could not find a house but what was in mourning. I passed by my own house and saw the same sign there, and asked "Is that me that is dead?" Sumthing gave me answer "No youll live through it all."

It seemed strange to me that I saw no person [on] the street in my wandering about through the City. They seemed to be in their houses with their Sick and Dead. I saw no funeral possession, or any thing of that kind, but the City looked vary Still and quiet as though the people were praying and had Controll of the desease what ever it was.

I then looked in all directions over the Territory, East west North and South, and I found the same mourning in every place throughout the Land. The next I knew I was Just this side of Omaha. It seemed as though I was above the Earth, looking down to it as I passed along on my way East and I saw the roads full of people principally women with just what they Could Carry in bundles on their backs travelling to the mountains on foot. And I wondered how they Could get there, with nothing but a small pack upon their backs. It was remarkable to me that there were so few men among them. It did not seem as though the Cars were running. The rails looked rusty, and the road abandoned, And I have no conception how I travelled myself.

As I looked down upon the people I Continued Eastward through Omaha and Council Bluffs which were full of disease, and women every whare. The States of Missouri and Illinois were in turmoil and Strife, Men killing each other, and women joining in the fight, family against family Cutting each other to pieces in the most horrid manner.

The next I saw was Washington, and I found the City a Desolation, The white House Empty, the Halls of Congress the same Every thing in ruins. The people seemed to have fled from the City and left it to take Care of itself.

I was next in the City of Baltimore and in the square whare the Monument of 1812 Stands, in front of St Charles and other Hotels I saw the Dead piled up so high as to fill the square. I saw Mothers Cut the throats of their own Children for the sake of their blood, which they drank from their veins, to quench their thirst and then lie down and die. The waters of the Chesapeake and of the City were so stagnant and such a stench arose from them on account of the putrefaction of Dead bodies that the vary smell Caused Death and that was singular again I saw no men except they were dead, lying in the streets, and vary few women, and they were Crazy mad, and in a dying Condition. Every whare I went I beheld the same all over the City, And it was horrible, beyound description to look at.

I thought this must be the End. But No I was seemingly in Philadelphia and there every thing was Still. No living soul was to be seen to greet me, and it seemed as though the whole City was without an inhabitant. In arch and Chestnut Street and in fact Every whare I went the putrifaction of the Dead bodies Caused such a stench that it was Impossible for any Creature to Exhist alive, nor did I see any living thing in the City.

I next found myself in Broad way New York and here it seemed the people had done their best to overcome the Disease. But in wandering down Broadway I saw the bodies of Beautiful women lying stone dead, and others in a dying Condition on the side walk. I saw men Crawl out of the Cellars and rob the dead bodies of the valuables they had on and before they Could return to their coverts in the cellars they themselves would roll over a time or two and die in agony. On some of the back streets I saw Mothers kill their own Children and Eat raw flesh and then in a few minuts die themselves. Whareever I went I saw the same scenes of Horror and Desolation rapine and Death. No Horses or Carriages, No busses or Street Cars, but Death and Destruction every whare.

I then went to the Grand Central Park and looking back I saw a fire Start and just at that moment a mighty East wind sprang up and Carried the flames west over the City, and it burned untill there was not a single building left Standing whole Even down to the wharfs. And the shiping all seemed to be burned and swallowed up in the Common destruction and left Nothing but a Desolation whare the great City was a short time before. The Stench from the bodies that were burning was so great that it was Carried a great distance across the Hudson River and bay, and thus spread disease and death whareever the flames penetrated. I Cannot paint in words the Horror that seemed to Encompass me around. It was beyound description or thought of man to Conceive.

I supposed this was the End but I was here given to understand, that the same horror was being enacted all over the Country, North South East and West, that few were left alive. Still there were some.

Immediately after I seemed to be standing on the west bank of the Missouri River opposite the City of Independance but I saw no City. I saw the whole States of Missouri & Illinois and part of Iowa were a Complete wilderness with no living human being in them. I then saw a short distance from the river Twelve men dressed in the robes of the Temple Standing in a square or nearly so. I understood it respresented the Twelve gates of the New Jerrusalem, and they were with hands uplifted Consecrating the ground and laying the Corner Stones. I saw myriads of Angels hovering over them and around about them and also an immens pillar of a Cloud over them and I heard the singing of the most beautif[ul] music the words "Now is esstablished the Kingdom of our God and his Christ and He shall reign forever and Ever, and the Kingdom shall never be Thrown down for the Saints have overcome." And I saw people Coming from the River and different places a long way off to help build the Temple, and it seemed that the Hosts of the angels also helped to get the material to build the Temple. And I saw some Come who wore their Temple Clothing Robs to help build the Temple and the City and all the time I saw the great pillar of Cloud hovering over the place.

Instantly I found I was in the Tabernacle at Ogden yet I Could see the building going on and got quite animated in Calling to the people in the Tabernacle to listen to the beautiful music that the Angels were Making. I Called to them to look at the Angels as the House seemed to be full of them and they were saying the same words that I heard Before "Now is the Kingdom of Our God Esstablished forever & Ever." And then a voice said "Now shall Come to pass that which was spoken by Isaiah the Prophet "That seven women shall take hold of one man saying &c.

At this time I seemed to Stagger back from the pulpit & F D Richards and some one els Caught me and prevented me from falling when I requested Brother Richards to apologise to the audience for me because I stoped so adruptly and tell them I had not fainted but was exhausted. I rolled over in my bed and heard the City Hall Clock Strike Twelve.

[The author was astrologer John Steele]

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Jun 15, 1873

[James E. Talmage]
During my eleventh year, in the Spring of 1873, I was stricken with a very severe illness; and, as my parents afterward informed me, my life appeared to be near its close. My father associated this illness with the fact that my baptism into the Church had been deferred beyond the time at which it should have been attended to. At that time Father was president of the Hungerford and Ramsbury branch of the Church.

As Father afterward told me, he made solemn covenant with the Lord that if my life should be spared he would lose no time in having me baptized after my recovery. ... Because of possible interference by persecutors of the Latter-day Saints it was necessary that baptisms be attended to only in the night-time. ...

On June 15, 1873, my father and Elijah Gilbert left our house shortly before midnight, traversed the Kennet bridge back and forth, looked around the neighborhood, and returned to the house telling us that all seemed clear, and that Ellen [also age 11] and I were to prepare to enter the water. In the interest of caution they went out once more, and returned with the same report. Ellen and I accompanied Father and Brother Elijah to the place selected in the mill race for our immersion.

I was to be baptized first. As Father stood in the water and took my hand, I being on the bank with Ellen and her brother, we were veritably horror-stricken by a combined shriek, yell, scream, howl -- I know not how to describe the awful noise -- such as none of us had ever heard. It seemed to be a combination of every fiendish ejaculation we could conceive of. I remember how I trembled at the awful manifestation, which had about it the sharpness and volume of a thunderclap followed by an angry roar, which died away as a hopeless groan.

... Father, who was also trembling, as were the others, then asked me if I was too frightened to be baptized; I was too much terrified to speak, so I answered by stepping into the water. I was baptized, and Ellen Gilbert was baptized immediately afterward. ...

[Source: CHL MSS 18191, fd. 1, Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

155 years ago today - Jun 15, 1863

Brigham Young writes to several Indian chiefs: "We have been informed that you have determined to take up the war hatchet, and to kill the whites who are peaceably traveling across the country; . . . It is better to suffer wrong than to do wrong. I have always been your friend and have endeavored to do you good, and you must abide my command."

190 years ago today - Jun 15, 1828

Emma Smith gives birth, but her infant son dies the same day . The Smiths named their infant Alvin . Sophia Lewis, who was present at the birth, says the infant was "still-born and very much deformed".

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

70 years ago today - Jun 14, 1948

[John A. Widtsoe]
... the Lord made the earth and in the making He may have done many things not according to my particular opinion, but whatever He did He had a right to do. If He chose to place man-like beings upon the earth before the days of Adam, I really have no right to find fault with that any more than with the placing on the earth of the great variety of life which we know lived there. There is nothing definite in the scriptures or in modern revelation as to the age of the earth. Personally, I take discoveries relative to hat subject at face value, and set aside for later consideration the theories of men. Often there are contradictory theories in men's interpretations of facts. I have often said, as you say in your letter, that Adam was no doubt upon this earth long before it had reached the condition to permit a Garden of Eden to be planted, for he was one of those, who under God's command, organized the earth. Neither am I upset over the statement that Adam's was the first flesh upon the earth, because it seems from the context and from common sense, for that matter, that that means the first flesh of Adam's kind. There is so much connected with these matter that we do not understand that I am willing to take what little we know of a factual nature without offering any interpretations that may mislead others.

[Source: John A. Widtsoe, Letter to Albert R. Lyman, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

95 years ago today - Jun 14, 1923

[First Presidency to Stake and Temple Presidents]
After careful and prayerful consideration it was unanimously decided that the following modifications may be permitted, and a garment of the following style be worn by those Church members who wish to adopt it, namely: (1) Sleeve to elbow. (2) Leg just below knee. (3) Buttons instead of strings. (4) Collar eliminated. (5) Crotch closed. It may be observed that no fixed pattern of Temple garment has ever been given ...

[Source: Heber J. Grant, Charles W. Penrose, and Anthony W. Ivins to Stake and Temple Presidents, June 14, 1923, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

105 years ago today - Jun 14, 1913

[George F. Gibbs to John W. Hart]
President [Joseph F.] Smith invites you with your wife to come to the temple to receive your second blessings. If you prefer to go to Logan, please let the president know and he will send you the usual recommend. These blessings are administered on Fridays in the Salt Lake temple.

[Source: George F. Gibbs to John W. Hart, June 14, 1913, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

145 years ago today - Jun 14, 1873

The DESERET NEWS publishes a sermon by Brigham Young chiding the saints for doubting his Adam-God doctrine: "How much unbelief exists in the minds of the Latter-day Saints in regard to one particular doctrine which I revealed to them, and which God revealed to me-namely that Adam is our Father and God. . . . Our Father Adam helped to make this earth. . . . He brought one of his wives with him. . . . Then he said, 'I want my children who are in the spirit world to come and live here. I once dwelt upon an earth something like this, in a mortal state. I was faithful. I received my crown and exaltation. . . . I want my children that were born to me in the spirit world to come here and take tabernacles of flesh that their spirits may have a house, a tabernacle, or a dwelling place as mine has,' and where is the mystery?" The sermon is published again four days later in the weekend edition.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Jun 14, 1828

Joseph Smith completes 116 pages (foolscap-size) of translation from the gold plates (the book of Lehi), with Martin Harris transcribing with a blanket stretched between them. Martin Harris repeatedly asks Joseph Smith to borrow the transcript. Smith refuses twice but relents (by revelation) on the third request but makes Harris agree to a covenant to show only his family. Harris brings the 116 page translation from the gold plates back to Palmyra and shows them to his wife, Lucy Harris, but he loses the transcripts (says they were stolen). Lucy Harris is suspected of hiding or destroying them.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - Jun 13, 1983.

President Gordon B. Hinckley, speaking at graduation exercises at BYU-Hawaii, comments: "We have those critics who appear to wish to cull out of a vast panorama of information those items that demean and belittle some of the men and women of the past who worked so hard in laying the foundation of this great cause. . . . They are savoring a pickle, rather than eating a delicious and satisfying dinner of several courses."

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

55 years ago today - Jun 13, 1963

President David O. McKay sets apart Ernest J. Wilkins as the president of the Language Training Mission (LTM), the forerunner of the Missionary Training Center (MTC). Spanish and Portuguese language missionaries attend as early as June 16, with German (1964), Navajo and French (1967), and Italian (1969) added later.

115 years ago today - Jun 13, 1903

In Mexico, Anthony W. Ivins performs a plural marriage ceremony for William A. Morton who has been sent to Ivins for this purpose by President Joseph F. Smith.

155 years ago today - Jun 13, 1863

Orson Pratt Jr. [son of Apostle Orson Pratt] writes to Brigham Young to refuse a mission call he had previously accepted: "During your recent visit to St. George, I informed you of the change that had taken place in my religious views, thinking that, in such a case, you would not insist on my undertaking the mission assigned me. You received me kindly and gave me what I have no doubt you considered good fatherly advice. I was much affected during the interview and hastily made a promise which, subsequent reflection convinces me it is not my duty to perform. . . . Should any thing hereafter occur to convince me that my present decision is unwise I shall be ready to revoke it." Pratt's "change . . . in my religious views" was that he did not consider Joseph Smith a prophet nor the LDS church true.

175 years ago today - 13 June-Jul 1, 1843

State officials in league with a Missouri sheriff and an Illinois constable conspire to arrest the Prophet at the home of his wife's relatives in Dixon Township, Illinois, intending to whisk him away to Missouri; his friends foil the plan, and the Prophet wins release in the courts.

[Source: Highlights in the Prophet's Life, Ensign, June 1994]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Friday, Jun 12, 1903

Sister Bathsheba W. Smith responded and said in substance. Pres. Smith has spoken the truth. I know that the endowments now given are the same as given by Joseph Smith, the prophet. He used to instruct us and tell us many things in relation thereunto and also with respect to our duty. I know that he was a true prophet and that he revealed the endowments and they did not come from Brigham Young. I know that he never taught a wrong principle, and if we will obey his voice. we will be saved; otherwise we cannot be. Pres. Woodruff and myself were the last to receive our endowments at his hands. Pres. Woodruff has gone and I am left. I was present at the organization of the first Relief Society by Joseph Smith. I testify that the principle of plural marriage was not revealed to the church by Brigham Young but by the Prophet Joseph. I have lived in it and know that it is true.

Pres. Jos. F. Smith ... Condemned the too frequent use of the terms: prophet, seer, and revelator, and apostle. These are sacred terms and should not be often used.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - 120 years ago - Jun 12, 1898

Second Counselor Joseph F. Smith preaches: "It is the command of the Lord that we shall meet together to transact the business of the Church, an important part of which is to sustain the authorities of the Church, thus renewing our covenant to uphold God's authority which He has instituted in the earth for the government of His Church. . . .The moment a spirit enters into the heart of a member to refrain from sustaining the constituted authorities of the Church, that moment he becomes possessed of a spirit which inclines to rebellion or dissension; and if he permit that spirit to take a firm root in his mind, it will eventually lead him into darkness and apostasy."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

140 years ago today - 140 years ago - Jun 12, 1878

[Wilford Woodruff]
I Also attended the funeral of Porter Rockwell at the 14 ward school house. Joseph F Smith preached the funeral sermon. I bore Testimony.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

150 years ago today - 150 years ago - Jun 12, 1868

Without trial, William A. Hickman is excommunicated about six months after he tries to extort money from Brigham Young with the threat of publishing his crimes.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

150 years ago today - Jun 12, 1868

[Wilford Woodruff]
Presidet Heber C Kimball had a paraletic Stroke to day so that his left side was useless. Was nearly deprived of speech.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jun 12, 1853

John Taylor: M-bM-^@M-^\If there is any truth in heaven, earth, or hell, I want to embrace it.M-bM-^@M-^]

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1843

<[Joseph Smith] married to Rhoda Richards and Willard Richards married to Susan[nah Lee] Liptrot>

[Source: Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

175 years ago today - Jun 12, 1843

Joseph Smith approves a decision two days previously by a "court martial" "That an arsenal be built in the city of Nauvoo, to be located in any part of the city where the lieutenant and major generals may direct, who are also authorized to make or cause to be made, a draft of the same, and also to purchase any piece of land for the aforesaid purposes which they may deem proper."

35 years ago today - Jun 11, 1983-Saturday

[Leonard Arrington]
I learn today that another person subjected to the inquisition of Elder [Mark E.] Petersen was Blake Ostler.

I learn also that Armand Mauss, when called in by his stake president, found him willing to talk about what he had been told by Elder Petersen. Elder Petersen asked the stake president to warn him that he should not be writing for such anti-Mormon and heretical publications as Dialogue. Obviously, Elder Petersen has not read enough of Dialogue to know whether it is anti-Mormon. Someone who he believes has been filling him full of this kind of crazy and misguided opinion. Tom Truitt? Roy Doxey? Calvin Rudd? Elder Packer? Elder Benson's son or sons?

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jun 11, 1978

Two days after the announcement that Blacks are no longer denied the priesthood based on race the SALT LAKE TRIBUNE editorial reads: "Granted, the church leadership was supposed to be merely speaking the revealed word of God and thus there should have been no quibbling before Friday's announcement. But as sure as God gave good, intelligent people a head and a heart, we all know many modern Mormons have privately found the exclusion of blacks from the Priesthood an uncommonly heavy cross. . . . But the LDS, young and old, their non-Mormon neighbors, and black Americans are now free-free at last of the cold-blooded curse of ancient attitudes."

45 years ago today - Jun 11, 1973-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
Davis, Jim, and I had lunch with Brian Kelly and Lowell Durham of the New Era, and we were interested in some of their experiences with regard to correlation and censorship. It appears that the cover of the December issue was most objected to by the secretary of Bruce McConkie. She took the liberty of tearing off the cover from the copies of the New Era on the desks and sofas in the general Church Administration Building, and she sent copies of it to members of the First Presidency and others with a letter asking, "Isn't this horrible?" Nobody knows whether she did this with or without the consent of Brother McConkie, but in any case she stirred up enough opposition that the editors of the New Era were called in and given a severe dressing down for running the cover even though Doyle Green had previously approved it.

In my article on Arizona women they had to change the word coffee grinder to small mill. They also had to change the word adultery to infidelity. [[Arrington's article appeared in the April 1974 issue of the New Era as "Latter-day Saint Women on the Arizona Frontier."]] In the special mission issue, they had hoped to run a splendid article on missionaries' experiences in the Philippines, and he had started out by saying he hadn't been prepared for the cockroaches. They had to eliminate that because nobody wanted the mothers to know that their missionary sons would be sent out where there were cockroaches.

They said Church News does not have to go through Church Correlation, so they are somewhat freer. They said they plan to run a review of Carol Lynn Pearson's book Daughters of Light. They said it is impossible to run an unfavorable review of any book. They try to do some selecting in advance of books which they would feel comfortable about having a favorable review. They cannot publish articles that discuss problems or conflicts although they say that they just got through correlation the use of the term braless in one of their articles, "To go braless is not healthful." That had originally been stricken, and they asked how they could say it any other way.

We also learned through Brian Kelly and Lowell Durham at lunch that the Church News a week ago last Saturday, June 2, had distributed a few copies of an issue then the copies were all pulled back and came out again a few hours later. One of those who kept a copy of the original compared it with the reissued copy and discovered the item omitted on page 13 was entitled "Which: Genesis or Geology?" by William Lee Stokes. Apparently when the issue was first distributed somebody saw this, objected to it, and it was eliminated, and two other items were substituted for it on the bottom of page 12.

...

Davis and Jim and I discussed for an hour or more the concerns we have with relation to Michael Quinn's thesis. It is an outstanding job of organization and research and writing. It features a historian at his best and its contributions include not only the insight he is able to provide on many aspects of Church history but also a first-time use of many heretofore restricted and unknown sources. He cuts right through the mass of evidence to come out with definite interpretations and insights. ... much intimate material appears which was previously not only unknown but no one would have dared publish it if it had been known. ...

Because of these concerns we are trying to work out some alternatives:

(1) Is it possible that the University of Utah will allow Mike to restrict the thesis so that no one can see it without his approval? ...

(2) Is it possible that Mike could be induced to delay the final completion of the thesis for a year or two until we can accustom the Mormon reading public to this kind of an approach and to the sources?

(3) Is it possible we could induce Mike to [go] with this material as the basis for a later book and use for his present thesis three or four essays which he has written or might in the future write?

(4) Is it possible Mike might be satisfied to get a master's degree without thesis as some have done at the university?

We feel reasonably certain that if the thesis is completed this September as Mike expects and if it is made immediately available, it will prove so shocking to historians, students-members and non-members alike ....

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - Jun 11, 1973

The First Presidency issued a letter approving the organization of three wards exclusively for non-student singles not living at home. This experiment was initially intended to involve only Salt Lake Valley residents. However, by 1976 permission to establish a singles ward was extended worldwide. To be considered the ward must have a membership potential of more than 200 singles between the ages of 18 and 35. In 1982 this requirement was modified to read: "if the population could assure the function of the ward would be carried out property."

115 years ago today - Thursday, Jun 11, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
... Elder Smoot drew attention to the fact that some move in his judgment should be made looking to the organization of a life insurance company. He said that it would be surprising to the brethren to know what large numbers of Utah peopleM-bM-^@M-^Tmany of them our young peopleM-bM-^@M-^Tare having their lives insured, and as a result sending thousands of dollars out of the state that might be kept at home. A great evil connected with this matter was, he said, that in many instances our young people are led away from the church. He felt that something should be done to meet the emergency. Elder Clawson reminded the brethren that Elder Heber J. Grant had called attention to this matter some two or three years ago and urged the importance at that time of immediate action, looking to the organization of a home life insurance company.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

140 years ago today - Jun 11, 1878

This was a great Day on the occasion of the old Folks Excursion. ...

Prizes were distributed as follows ... to 4 persons femals who had Yoked & unyoked 2 yoke of Oxen & driven them across the plains Also to 5 oldest persons who had drawn a hand Cart across the plains. The next prizes were to Old Ladies who had 20 Children & Ann Moses 65 years of age married 50 years had born 21 Children. Elizabeth Taylor had born 14 Children & had 600 Grand Children & Great Grand Children. P Green Taylor 51 years of age took the prize as having the most Children of any one man in the Company number 36. Wilford Woodruff took the prize as having Baptized & brought the most people into the Church numbering over 2,000.

A foot race was run By Wm. Barnes 89, Elias Adams 86, & Thomas Edwards 86, 100 yards. Thomas Edwards took the prize. ...

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Jun 11, 1858

Peaceful settlement to "Utah War" negotiated through efforts of Brigham Young, Governor Alfred Cumming, Thomas L. Kane, and government peace commissioners.

[Source: Ludlow, Daniel H. editor, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan Publishing, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History, http://amzn.to/eG0DIp]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1843

[Joseph Smith]
I [am] a rough stone. The sound of the hammer and chisel was never heard on me nor never will be. I desire the learning and wisdom of heaven alone. Have not the least idea but if Christ should come and preach such rough things as he preached to the Jews, but this Generation would reject him for being so rough. ...

Jesus did every thing possible to gather the people and they would not be gathered and he poured out curses upon them. Ordinances were instituted in heaven before the foundation of the world in the priesthood for the salvation of men, not [to] be altered, not to be changed. All must be saved upon the same principle.

[Source: Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

175 years ago today - Jun 11, 1843

[Joseph Smith]
... asked what was the object of Gathering the Jews together or the people of God in any age of the world. The main object was to build unto the Lord an house whereby he Could reveal unto his people the ordinances of his house and glories of his kingdom & teach the people the ways of salvation. ...

If a man gets the fulness of God he has to get [it] in the same way that Jesus Christ obtained it & that was by keeping all the ordinances of the house of the Lord.

... Any person that has seen the heavens opened knows that their is three personages in the heavens holding the keys of power. As the father hath power in himself so the Son hath power in himself. Then the father has some day laid down his body & taken it again. /So he has a bo[d?]y of his own./ So has his Son a body of his own. So each one will be in their own body.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

25 years ago today - Jun 10, 1993

BYU officials terminate five junior professors, including D. Michael Quinn, Cecelia K. Farr (pro-choice feminist) and anthropologist David Knowlton, who has published studies of Latin American terrorism against LDS buildings and missionaries. In an immediate response, more than 100 students rally to protest the lack of academic freedom at BYU, the first such student demonstration at BYU since 1911. Subsequent rallies include holders of the prestigious "Benson Scholarship," and developing-nation students who compare BYU's current situation with the repressive regimes these students have fled. This is reported at length in the 'Chronicle of Higher Education,' thus worsening BYU's reputation for academic freedom among administrators of the nation's universities and grant-giving foundations.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

35 years ago today - Jun 10, 1983-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
I should record in my diary that Brook told me earlier this week that she did not wish (at this time anyway) to be sealed to me in the temple. After four or five years of marriage, she said, she might want to do so. She did not feel confident about sharing me with Grace, and was afraid Grace might not appreciate sharing me with her. So the best arrangement, at least for the present, was marriage for time.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

135 years ago today - Jun 10, 1883 • Sunday

[George Q. Cannon]
The day has been a most interesting one. Prest. Taylor occupied the remainder of the forenoon and in the afternoon an affidavit of Bro. Thomas Grover by Bro. Arthur Stayner in which he swore to the fact that in 1843 M-bM-^@M-^S nearly a year before the Prophet JosephM-bM-^@M-^Ys martyrdom M-bM-^@M-^S Hyrum Smith the Patriarch read to the High Council by request of the Prophet the revelation which is now published in the Book of Doctrine and Covenants [D&C 132], & that upon a vote being called respecting its acceptance, nine of the Council voted to receive it, and three did not. The three were: W^m Marks, Austin Coles, and Lorin Soby. Of the nine High Councillors who were then present, Bro. Grover and Bro Chas. C. Rich, are the sole survivors. After the reading of the affidavit Bro. Grover bore a testimony to the statements made in the affidavit. Prest. Taylor then followed with a statement of the manner in which the revelation had been communicated to him. The Prophet Joseph had called President Young, H. C. Kimball, N. K. Whitney, Orson Hyde, and himself into his office in the part of the building known as JosephM-bM-^@M-^Ys Store in Nauvoo, and there communicated to them that God had revealed to him the doctrine of celestial marriage and reasoned at some length respecting it. They all received it though to use his words, M-bM-^@M-^\it was a bitter pill.M-bM-^@M-^] He did not obey it quickly, and he afterwards met the Prophet as he was riding out of Nauvoo and the Prophet was riding in on the road passing through the old grave yard, when the Prophet stopped him and told him that these things must be obeyed or the keys would be turned

Prest. Taylor was followed by Bro. Joseph B. Noble who testified to the conference that Joseph communicated to him this doctrine and told him that God had revealed it to him in Kirkland while engaged in the translation of the Bible, but had informed him that the time had not yet come for it to be put into practice, but that an angel of the Lord had commanded him to now enter upon its practice, and to those brethren in whom he could confide he communicated the doctrine, and that at JosephM-bM-^@M-^Ys request he married his wifeM-bM-^@M-^Ys sister Louisa Beman [Beaman] to him he repeating (in a whisper) the ceremony of marriage as Joseph gave it to him. He spoke also about the irreproachable and pure character of his wifeM-bM-^@M-^Ys sister.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

150 years ago today - Jun 10, 1868

Resolutions in favor of helping the Union Pacific Railroad build through Utah are passed during a mass meeting in Salt Lake City, Utah.

155 years ago today - Jun 10, 1863 (Wednesday)

"The stage coach was attacked by mounted Indians between Fort Crittenden and the Jordan river, Utah Co.; the driver and another man were killed and their bodies fearfully mutilated by the savages."

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

18580610

160 years ago - Jun 10, 1858

[Source: uwar]

180 years ago today - Jun 10, 1838

The "Danites" are organized during a clandestine meeting when Jared Carter, George W. Robinson, and Sampson Avard, "under the instruction of the [First] [P]residency, formed a secret military society, called the 'daughter of Zion.'" Avard instructs the newly inducted members: "As the Lord had raised up a prophet in these last days like unto Moses it shall be the duty of this band to obey him in all things, and whatever he requires you shall perform being ready to give up life and property for the advancement of the cause[.] When any thing is to be performed no member shall have the privilege of judging whether it would be right or wrong but shall engage in its accomplishment and trust God for the result[.]" The next month Joseph Smith's scribe writes in "The Scriptory Book of Joseph Smith, Jr.": "[W]e have a company of Danites in these times, to put right physically that which is not right, and to cleanse the Church of verry great evils which hath hitherto existed among us inasmuch as they cannot be put to right by teachings & persuas[ions]."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - Jun 9, 1983-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
I learned yesterday that there were at least two additional persons called in by their stake presidents in connection with the "inquisition" directed by Elder [Mark E.] Petersen. One was Tom Alexander, the other was (tho I did not hear it directly from him) probably Jim Allen. These two were "called in" before the public announcement of the inquisition in the Provo Herald. In neither case would the stake president say who had called him, but it was apparent that it was Elder Petersen. It was also apparent that they had been called in because they had contributed an article for Sunstone. So it was an inquisition of Sunstone more than of the individuals. In each case a number of questions had been asked about Sunstone and why they had contributed articles to it. ... Tom said he was upset about being called in and the stake president tried to reassure him that he would give back to Elder Petersen a very positive report. Tom said he would not hesitate, on this account, to continue to contribute articles to Sunstone and Dialogue.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jun 9, 1978

A First Presidency letter instructs that interviews of married persons "should scrupulously avoid indelicate inquireies," yet also emphasizes: "Married persons should understand that if in their marital relations they are guilty of unnatural, impure, or unholy practices, they should not enter the temple unless and until they repent and discontinue any such practices." This reverses the position of the First Presidency prior to Spencer W. Kimball's ascendancy.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Jun 9, 1978-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
[Regarding blacks receiving the priesthood] ... approximately six months ago Elder Neal Maxwell telephoned me on a confidential basis to ask if I could find for him the quote of Joseph Fielding Smith that "darkies are wonderful people."... Then about a month ago, quite by accident, I learned that it was in an article in Look [magazine] in 196[3].14 I hunted that article up, xeroxed the article and sent it on to Elder Maxwell. ... This suggests that Elder Maxwell, as chief planning officer, was actively working on a memorandum to President [Spencer W. Kimball] about the issue and wanted all the evidence he could find. ...

Chase Peterson, during the flight from Boston to SLC on May 14, showed me a letter he was in the process of writing to President Kimball about the issue. It was a wonderful letter, so well written and so sincere, and approached so well....

... Elder [G. Homer] Durham was in my office yesterday asking if I had evidence to show that Joseph Smith had been responsible for fastening the Priesthood denial to blacks upon the Church. He said that he was very concerned that this not be attributed to Brigham Young exclusively as had been done in Lester Bush's article. I told him that Newell Bringhurst was in my office just a day earlier to tell me that he had found sufficient evidence to suggest that Priesthood denial to blacks was fairly generally understood and accepted in the Church in 1843 in Nauvoo....

I have of course no idea as to whether the First Presidency and General Authorities made use of Elder Adam S. Bennion's report of about 1957 in which he indicated the denial of the Priesthood to blacks had no sound scriptural basis. ...

James called about dinner time to talk about the announcement. Said it was received joyously among students at BYU. He heard not a single adverse comment.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jun 9, 1978

In a letter dated June 8 and made public the following day, the First Presidency announces "priesthood now available to all worthy male members." First Presidency secretary Francis M Gibbons writes that this change "seemed to relieve them of a subtle sense of guilt they had felt over the years." The DESERET NEWS stops a press run to get the announcement in its first edition. By late morning the headline was on the newsstands-"LDS Church extends priesthood to all worthy male members." TIME and NEWSWEEK also stop press runs to get the story into their weekend editions. President Jimmy Carter implied acceptance of the revelation's divine origin. President Jimmy Carter sends a telegram to President Kimball: "I commend you for your compassionate prayerfulness and courage in receiving a new doctrine." The First-Presidency letter containing the four-paragraph statement becomes the most photocopied document in the history of the Church Office Building.

140 years ago today - Jun 9, 1878

[Orin Porter Rockwell]
Orrin Porter Rockwell died of natural causes on 9 June 1878 in Salt Lake City, while awaiting trial on Aiken murder charges. Rockwell's notoriety followed him to the grave, and grew, unencumbered by fact. The Salt Lake Tribune editorialized that he "participated in at least a hundred murders . . . ." He has remained in the eyes of the public one of the best known of the early Mormon settlers of Utah.

[Source: Utah History Encyclopedia: Orin Porter Rockwell, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

145 years ago today - Jun 9, 1873

Salt Lake City, School of the Prophets: President Young touched on certain principles and doctrines yesterday, particularly that doctrine pertaining to Adam being our Father and our God... He bore a powerful testimony to the truth of the doctrine remarking that if ever he had received a testimony of any doctrine in this church he had of the truth of this. The endowments plainly teach it and the Bible and other revelations are full of it.

The doctrine was approved or endorsed by Henry Grow, D. B. Huntington , and Joseph F. Smith. The latter read a portion of a revelation given to the church affirming that Michael or Adam is the Father of all - the Prince of all, and stated that the enunciation of that doctrine gave him great joy.

[Source: Discourses of Brigham Young]

115 years ago today - Jun 9, 1903

[J. Golden Kimball]
I am at present troubled regarding the principle of plural marriage, notwithstanding the 'manifesto' and the dangers that would come from rendering obedience to that principle. My wife is not converted to my obeying the law although it gave us an existance. I can appreciate the dangers of obeying it and yet I am troubled in my mind, and cannot free myself from the thought that I should in some inconceivable way obey the same. My father entered into that principle under very much more trying circumstances and why should I be cowardly and not meet death for that principle if necessary.

[Source: J. Golden Kimball Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

170 years ago today - Jun 9, 1848

Miracle of the Gulls occurs.

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

40 years ago today - 1978-06-08

Priesthood ban on black males abolished; no mention of black women

On June 8, 1978 President Spencer W. Kimball the First Presidency issued an official declaration that all worthy males could now receive the priesthood. There is no direct mention of women, no declaration of their newfound ability to enter into the temple and receive the blessings of eternal salvation. In the absence of an official statement regarding black womenM-bM-^@M-^Ys inclusion in temple rites, the assumption was made that black women could now participate. Following the announcement, President Spencer W. Kimball responded to an Associated Press query about the potential for the ordination of women by saying, "We don't expect any revelation about women and the priesthood."

[Source: Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

40 years ago today - Jun 8, 1978-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Elder Larson said that ... President Grant say on one occasion that some people were saying that J. Reuben Clark, Jr., was effective president of the Church at that time because of President Grant's age and disabilities. President Grant reacted negatively to this, insisted that he have the last word on all policy matters, and boasted that there were more new and fresh ideas generated by him during those last years than at any time in his life.

President Grant used to go riding in his car every Sunday afternoon. He hated to go to Sacrament meetings Sunday afternoon and evening. He would ask Brother Larson to drive him, and if they saw anybody he knew on the porch of the house or in the street he would invite them to go riding with him. On one such occasion they saw Ruth May Fox, president of the Young Women of the Church, and President Grant personally invited her to go riding with him, assuming she would be thrilled to do so. Sister Fox was a little indignant about the request and said that she was going to Sacrament meeting and she was surprised that he would be trying to take people away from Sacrament meeting by inviting them to ride with him instead of going where they ought to be going. ...

Elder Pinnock chose to travel tourist class with me rather than first class. He said that while there is a general rule that General Authorities ought to travel first class, he preferred to travel tourist class. For one thing, it was cheaper for the Church. For another he usually found better company; finally, by going in the no-smoking section he usually had better protection from cigarette smoke than in first class where anybody chooses to light up wherever he is regardless of the rules. ...

Somebody (possibly Elder Pinnock) told me that Steven L. Richards's brother was a high councilman in Hunter, Utah. About 1970 he died and they had his funeral.9 Somebody afterwards said that he had seen the deceased person at the family prayer. He mentioned this to another member of the family, and they decided that they should tell the mortician. They went with the mortician to the coffin and opened it and found the body gone and the clothes the body was wearing neatly folded. There was no explanation for all of this. Apparently, they concluded, there was a resurrection at the time. ...

On January 13, 1974, three missionaries in the Pennsylvania mission over which Elder Pinnock was a newly appointed president, were killed by a person under the influence of drugs. There was a trial on May 10, 1974. Just quickly looking I do not see anything under either of these dates or a few days before or after in the journal history clipping file, although there might be a news story under some other date. As Brother Pinnock related the story to me, it goes something as follows. A young white man, about 25, was a hippie type; he was unkempt in his dress and personal grooming. He occasionally used both liquor and drugs. He seemed to have some kind of a phobia about other young men who were dressed up neatly, well groomed, clean shaven, clean cut. Around Christmastime he saw a couple of missionaries driving and apparently bumped into them on purpose, and that had been dismissed as an effect of him being drunk or something. But on January 10 he saw these missionaries; he drove up alongside of them, yelled obscenities, used vulgar expressions. They didn't realize what was going on and simply drove on. He started to follow them. Wherever they went, in whatever lane, he followed them very closely behind. They sped up, he sped up; they slowed down, he slowed down. He kept yelling obscenities and making vulgar gestures. Finally he bumped into them very hard using the automobile as a weapon, and this caused the car to go in the path of oncoming traffic. There was a terrible accident. Three of the missionaries were killed. In the ensuing settlement with insurance companies he claimed that the missionaries were making obscene gestures to him. He acknowledged that he had hit them deliberately but he was simply responding in anger to their own expressions and gestures. His lawyer decided to sue the insurance companies of the missionaries and the mission president and the Church for damages. And this was on the grounds that they had led him to become temporarily insane through anger and that he had hit them accidentally during this period, and that he deserved to have his expenses taken care of by the missionaries. Before the matter came to trial the attorney representing him was disbarred, so the boy or his insurance company employed another lawyer and that lawyer accepted the boy's word privately from him that the boy had deliberately hit the missionaries. The trial went on for a few days, and of course the missionaries were exculpated and the matter ended.10 The father of one of the missionaries consulted Church people about suing this boy for a higher settlement. They discouraged him from this, but he indicated his desire to do so anyway. But the matter finally was withdrawn before another trial was held. Elder Pinnock said the Church did not suffer from this publicity because the newspapers presented it in a manner that made it unlikely that the missionaries had done these things. Mention was made in the paper of the missionaries' strict standards and this seemed to be accepted by the people. So the entire affair probably did not hurt the missionary effort. Elder Pinnock said that he made a full report to the missionary committee of the Church on the involuntary manslaughter charge, and presumably that report is in the files of the missionary committee. At Pittsburgh I was told by somebody, perhaps [mission president] Ken Godfrey, that there is a section in a book where a person who recites under deep hypnosis supposed she had lived in the time of Moroni and uses some Book of Mormon names. I checked on this after returning.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jun 8, 1978

BYU and the U. S. Justice Department sign an agreement resolving the alleged discriminatory housing practices of the university. The Justice Department will not oppose BYU's requiring all single students to live in university-approved housing. Non-student housing complexes or wings of complexes, however, must allow both male and female renters, while student housing complexes continue to be strictly segregated.

115 years ago today - Thursday, Jun 8, 1903

[John Henry Smith]
It was decided to allow the people of St. John and Snowflake stakes to move away if they wished to as so much damage had come to them in recent floods in the Little Colorado River.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

130 years ago today - Jun 8, 1888

Until December, 1884 the "Mormons" held control of public schools in Utah. On December 29, 1884 Governor Murray issued a proclamation appointing a prominent "Gentile" mining man, William M. Perry as the first non-Mormon Superintendent of Public Schools in the Territory of Utah although L. John Nuttall had been elected in the fall of 1883 for a two year term to the same office. Utah now had two Territorial Superintendents of Public Schools.

On July 23, 1885 the Utah Commission spread upon their minutes their request, to the Secretary of Interior and the Attorney General of the United States, for a ruling in this dispute. The Attorney General ruled that the office should be appointive and upheld Governor Murray.

On March 13, 1886, Governor Murray issued another proclamation appointing Parley L. Williams, another non-Mormon, to succeed William M. Perry. There was not another Mormon Superintendent of Public Schools for Utah until after statehood in 1896.

Under these circumstances the First Presidency had announced in their Epistle to the Church on October 6, 1886:

"Our children should be indoctrinated in the principles of the Gospel from their earliest childhood. They should be made familiar with the contents of the Bible, the Book of Mormon and the Book of Doctrine and Covenants. These should be their chief text books, and everything should be done to establish and promote in their hearts genuine faith in God, in His Gospel and its ordinances, and in His works. But under our common school system this is not possible."

[The Church General Board of Education sent a letter instructing each stake to establish an academy for secondary education. From 1888 to 1909, 35 academies were established in Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Arizona, Mexico and Canada. The academy in Rexburg, Idaho, later became Ricks College and then BYU-Idaho.]

[Source: Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes); Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]

135 years ago today - Friday, Jun 8, 1883

[John Henry Smith]
Liverpool

Scott Anderson confessed that he was guilty of self polution [masturbation] and asked to be re-baptised. I instructed Bro. Parkinson to attend to it for him.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - Jun 8, 1878

While under indictment for murder, Orrin Porter Rockwell dies of natural causes at age sixty-five. Rockwell, a boyhood friend of Joseph Smith, had been a member of the church longer than any other living person.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

145 years ago today - June 8th, 1873

. . . How much unbelief exists in the minds of the Latter-day Saints in regard to one particular doctrine which I revealed to them, and which God revealed to me--namely that Adam is our father and God--I do not know, I do not inquire, I care nothing about it. Our Father Adam helped to make this earth, it was created expressly for him, and after it was made he and his companions came here. He brought one of his wives with him, and she was called Eve, because she was the first woman upon the earth. Our Father Adam is the man who stands at the gate and holds the keys of everlasting life and salvation to all his children who have or who ever will come upon the earth. ...

[Source: Deseret News, Vol. 22, No. 308; Brigham Young; discourse delivered in the New Tabernacle, Salt Lake City; Sunday Afternoon, June 8th, 1873, in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

150 years ago today - Jun 8, 1868

Abraham B. Smoot:

... The doctrine preached by Pres. Young for a few years back, wherein he says that Adam is our God---the God we worship---that most of the people believe this---some believe it because the President says so---others because they can find testimony in the Book of Mormon and Book of Doctrine and Covenants. Amasa Lyman stumbled on this, he did not believe it---he did not believe in the atonement of Jesus---Orson Pratt has also told the President that he does not believe it. This is not the way to act. We should not suffer ourselves to entertain one doubt. We are not accountable on points of doctrines if the President makes a statement. It is not our prerogative to dispute it. He is only accountable in points of doctrine. I have heard President Young avow the truth of Adam being our Father and God but have never heard him argue the question at all.

A. F. McDonald:

I thought I would speak briefly in relation to Adam being our God. Since the year 1852 when the President first spoke on this subject, I have frequently endeavored to reconcile what I have read with regard to this matter. I believe what the President says on the subject although it comes in contact with all our tradition. I have not any doubt in my mind but that Adam is our God. Who his God and Father may be, I have no knowledge. President Kimball spoke on this question recently and very plainly illustrated the character and relationship of our Father and God.

George G. Bywater:

I am not disposed to question the discrepancies on this question of doctrine; if we live faithful all will become clear to us. We cannot become united only as we get united in understanding. When I first heard the doctrine of Adam being our Father and God, I was favorably impressed---enjoyed, and hailed it as a new revelation. It appeared reasonable to me, as the Father of our spirits that he should introduce us here. And what we do not see is only evidence that we have not the light necessary.

[Source: "Minutes of the School of the Prophets", pp. 37-42; Provo, Utah; June 8, 1868, in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

35 years ago today - Jun 7, 1983-Wednesday

[Leonard Arrington]
People in Logan knew little of the maneuverings of authorities with opposing points of view, of the irritating problems with which the Church was confronted, of the disagreements and occasional hostility within "the Church family." Just as stormy seas have the aspect of placidity when viewed from the height of an airplane, or from the distance of a mountain peak, so Salt Lake City, from the ninety-mile distance of Cache Valley, seemed to be a harmonious and unblemished community. ... We had the impression that people in the headquarters city were untroubled by doubts, were all firm in the faith, were blessed by God in solving their various problems.

As the General Authorities were zealous in promoting this image, they came to believe it so sincerely that some of them, at least, attributed all the problems of the Church to sinister influences from outside the Church. In-migrants from the East and Midwest, the pervasive influence of Californians, blacks, Mexicans, Greeks, Italians-these were the people who brought murder, rape, disease and pestilence. Strikers, conflict, delinquency-these were due to the impact of "foreign" professors at the University, outside interests, professional anti-Mormon agitators. The Mormon community, led by wise and imperturbable authorities, was harmonious, unruffled, tranquil, and serene. Outsiders used words like complacent, self-satisfied, smug, placid.

It was only when we moved to Salt Lake City in 1972 and worked at church headquarters did we see the illusory nature of this impression.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

35 years ago today - Jun 7, 1983

Before an audience of some 400 people, Eugene England, professor of English at BYU, and Rev. George Nye, senior minister of the First Baptist Church in Salt Lake City, debated the topic "Are Mormons Christian?"

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Jun 7, 1933

Heber J. Grant tells BYU's graduating class, "If every other state in the Union repeals the Eighteenth Amendment, I hope Utah is the one bright star that remains."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jun 7, 1898

[Wilford Woodruff]
At the regular meeting of the First Presidency and apostles on Thursday last, it was learned that a rule existed in the Logan temple, established by President John Taylor at the opening of that temple, permitting endowments to be given on behalf of deceased children who had attained the age of eight years before their death. At the opening of the St. George temple[,] this age was fixed by President Brigham Young at fifteen, and is still in force there, and the same rule was adopted by and is in force at the Salt Lake temple. That uniformity may obtain in all the temples, [and] I give it as my opinion that the age fixed by President Young should be adhered to, and this became the sense of the council by formal action.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff to Temple Presidents, June 7, 1898, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Jun 7, 1893

[Abraham H. Cannon]
At 5 o'clock I went to the Temple where I met my folks, we having received permission from Pres. Woodruff to receive our second anointings. Father was there to perform the ceremony. Bro. [Francis M.] Lyman was also there to be with his wife Susan D. Callister Lyman as she received this blessing. Father anointed and spoke the words, John D. T. McAllister held the horn, and Lorenzo Snow and John R. Winder were the witnesses. Sister Lyman was first anointed in the presence of us all, she thus being the first to receive this blessing in this [Salt Lake Temple] building. I then received mine, and my wives followed in the order of their marriages. I felt very much pleased to be thus favored. The ordinance of the washing of feet was explained by Bro. McAllister, after the anointings had been given.

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon (Author), Edward Leo Lyman (Editor), Candid Insights of a Mormon Apostle: The Diaries of Abraham H. Cannon, 1889-1895, Signature Books]

130 years ago today - Jun 7, 1888

[Wilford Woodruff]
In Company with G Q Cannon & F D Richards I visited Edward Isaacson who is a Converted Jewish Rabbi Now translating the Book of Mormon into the Jewish Language at the Historians office. I have Employed him to do this work. It is the first time any one has attempted to translate the Book of Mormon into the Hebrew or Jewish Language.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Jun 7, 1883 (Thursday)

Dr. J.B. Carrington, a non-Mormon, arrested for bigamy, was discharged by Commissioner Gilchrist, at Salt Lake City, notwithstanding the proof of his guilt. [This was during a time when Mormons were experiencing a heavy confiction rate for "unlawful cohabitation".]

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - Jun 06, 1878

George Albert Smith is baptized in City Creek in Salt Lake City, the third of four future Presidents of the Church to be baptized in the same location. (He is eight years old.)

140 years ago today - Jun 6, 1878 (Thursday)

From the church historian offial chronology: "Richmond, Ray Co., Mo., was partly destroyed by a cyclone, in which a number of the old anti-Mormon mobocrats were injured and others killed."

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Jun 6, 1853 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon]
... The small pox is spreading there [Honolulu]. [[On May 15, Benjamin F. Johnson at Honolulu ominously wrote in his diary, M-bM-^@M-^\The small pox is in town not far from our dwelling.M-bM-^@M-^] As the dreaded disease spread through Honolulu, yellow warning flags were raised everywhere the plague had struck, houses of victims of the disease were burned, travel in and out of the city was restricted, portions of the city were quarantined, and public gatherings were prohibited. During the smallpox outbreak, the Latter-day Saint missionaries at Honolulu were regularly called upon to bless the sick. M-bM-^@M-^\We made it a point to admin to all that asked it of us wether they belonged to the Church or not,M-bM-^@M-^] Lewis wrote in late June (Lewis journal, June 27, 1853). By July the missionaries had turned M-bM-^@M-^\their whole attention to visiting the sickM-bM-^@M-^] (Reddick Allred journal, July 23, 1853). While the missionaries escaped the effects of the epidemic in spite of their constant exposure to the disease, these administrations were not without incident. On July 1, while administering to a sick woman in Honolulu, Lewis and Farrer were physically attacked by a man named Turner, who repeatedly struck them and took their consecrated oil (sacred oil used when giving blessings to the sick) (Lewis journal, July 1, 1853; Farrer diary, July 1, 1853)...]]

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

110 years ago today - Jun 5, 1908

[Heber J. Grant]
We drove direct to the Logan Temple, where I met father's wife Sara Ann Thurston, who was born on the 26th day of May, 1835, at Adams, Ohio. She was annointed to my father, Jedediah Morgan Grant. I represented my father. Brother Thomas Morgan did the annointing, and was assisted by President William Budge. Samuel Roskelley acted as the recorder. It was a pleasure to me to be permitted to stand for my father and have one of his wives receive her second annointings.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

165 years ago today - Jun 5, 1853

Brigham Young preaches: "Let us hold before our mind the miser. If the people of this community feel as though they wanted the whole world to themselves, hate any other person to possess anything, and would hoard up their property, and place it in a situation where it would not benefit either themselves or the community, they are just as guilty as the man who steals my property. You may inquire-'What should be done with such a character?' Why, CUT HIM OFF FROM THE CHURCH. I would disfellowship a man who had received liberally from the Lord, and refused to put it out to usury. We know this is right."

170 years ago today - Jun 5, 1848

Brigham Young Company begins crossing plains [for a 2nd trip to the Great Basin].

[Source: Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847-1868, Chronological Company List, http://www.lds.org/churchhistory/library/pioneercompanylist-chronological/0,15765,3968-1,00.html]

185 years ago today - Jun 5, 1833

George A. Smith hauls the first load of stone for the House of the Lord, Hyrum Smith and Reynolds Cahoon commence digging the trench for the walls. (Hyrum's diary for June 7: "... commenced making Preparation for the Building the House of the lord...")

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

25 years ago today - 25 years ago - Jun 4, 1993

The Salt Lake Tribune reports that a University of Utah study shows that 61 percent of Utahn's "believe bad parenting is the cause of severe mental illness." Also, 29 percent of Utahns believe that mentally ill persons "would be helped if they repented."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

30 years ago today - 30 years ago - Jun 4, 1988

A postage stamp by the British Commonwealth government of Western Samoa commemorates one hundred years of Mormonism there.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Jun 4, 1978

Five days before the historic announcement extending the priesthood to all worthy male members, the Salt Lake Tribune publishes a poll of 600 adult Utahns. Over three-fourths say they perceive "none at all" or only "a little" racial discrimination in Utah. Interestingly, 40% of the non-Mormons "criticize discriminatory practices" in the state, while only 14% of the Mormons perceived discrimination as a problem.

95 years ago today - 95 years ago - Jun 4, 1923

... While minor modifications of the temple garment, it is said, have been made at various times during past years, the latest order in permission is regarded by younger members of the church as most liberal and acceptable. ... Some of the pioneer stock look upon any deviation from the old order as a departure from what they had always regarded as an inviolable rule. Others of long standing in the church accept the change as a progressive move intended to add to personal comfort. ... The garment itself was uncomfortably large and baggy. But despite these imperfections, the old-style garment is faithfully adhered to by many of the older and sincerely devout members of the church. These regard the garment as a safeguard against disease and bodily harm, and they believe that to alter either the texture of cloth or style, or to abandon the garment altogether would bring evil upon them. One good woman of long membership in the church, hearing of the change that has recently come about, went to the church offices and uttered fervid objection. "I shall not alter my garments, even if President Grant has ordered me to do so. My garments now are made as they were when I was married in the endowment house long before the temple was built. The pattern was revealed to the Prophet Joseph and Brother Grant has no right to change it," she said. Explanation was made that the first presidency had merely issued permission to those who so desired to make the modifying change... Formerly the sleeves were long, reaching to the wrists. While doing housework the women would roll up the sleeves. If sleeves were to be rolled up they might as well be made short in the first place for convenience, it was argued. ... The young of the gentler sex complained that to wear the old style with the new and finer hosiery gave the limbs a knotty appearance. It was embarrassing in view of the generally accepted sanitary shorter skirt. Permission is therefore granted by the first presidency to shorten the lower garment. Also buttons are permitted to take the place of the tie-strings.... The permission granted is hailed by them as a most acceptable and progressive one. Altogether, and except in few instances, the permissive modification is welcomed as a sanitary move and a change looking to the comfort and health of those who wear temple garments. ...

[Source: Temple Garments Greatly Modified, Church Presidency Gives Permission, Style Change Optional with Wearer, * Salt Lake Tribune, June 4, 1923, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

155 years ago today - 155 years ago - Jun 4, 1863

Passenger ship Amazon departs London with 882 Mormon emigrants aboard. British author Charles Dickens observes: "Now I have seen emigrant ships before this day in June. And these people are so strikingly different from all other people in like circumstances whom I have ever seen." He explains: "Nobody is in an ill-temper, nobody is the worse for drink, nobody swears an oath or uses a coarse word, nobody appears depressed, nobody is weeping... they established their own police, made their own regulations, and set their own watches at all hatchways."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - 185 years ago - Jun 4, 1833

Conference of high priests is unable to decide how to dispose of the French farm. D&C 96: Ahashdah [Newel K. Whitney] to take manage it; Zombre [John Johnson] is to be admitted to "the order," is promised eternal life, is ordained "and he shall seek diligently to take away incumbrances that are upon the house named among you, that he may dwell therein." ... John Johnson, is promised eternal life. He is to be ordained, pay mortgage.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

25 years ago today - Jun 4, 1993

The Salt Lake Tribune reports that a University of Utah study shows that 61 percent of Utahn's "believe bad parenting is the cause of severe mental illness." Also, 29 percent of Utahns believe that mentally ill persons "would be helped if they repented."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

30 years ago today - Jun 4, 1988

A postage stamp by the British Commonwealth government of Western Samoa commemorates one hundred years of Mormonism there.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Jun 4, 1978

Five days before the historic announcement extending the priesthood to all worthy male members, the Salt Lake Tribune publishes a poll of 600 adult Utahns. Over three-fourths say they perceive "none at all" or only "a little" racial discrimination in Utah. Interestingly, 40% of the non-Mormons "criticize discriminatory practices" in the state, while only 14% of the Mormons perceived discrimination as a problem.

95 years ago today - Jun 4, 1923

155 years ago today - Jun 4, 1863

Passenger ship Amazon departs London with 882 Mormon emigrants aboard. British author Charles Dickens observes: "Now I have seen emigrant ships before this day in June. And these people are so strikingly different from all other people in like circumstances whom I have ever seen." He explains: "Nobody is in an ill-temper, nobody is the worse for drink, nobody swears an oath or uses a coarse word, nobody appears depressed, nobody is weeping... they established their own police, made their own regulations, and set their own watches at all hatchways."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - Jun 4, 1833

Conference of high priests is unable to decide how to dispose of the French farm. D&C 96: Ahashdah [Newel K. Whitney] to take manage it; Zombre [John Johnson] is to be admitted to "the order," is promised eternal life, is ordained "and he shall seek diligently to take away incumbrances that are upon the house named among you, that he may dwell therein." ... John Johnson, is promised eternal life. He is to be ordained, pay mortgage.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

85 years ago today - Jun 3, 1933

The Deseret News Church Section reports that, "after years of effort," Mormons have equal rights with other religions in applying to be military chaplains. This is the decision of recently appointed Secretary of War George H. Dern, a non-Mormon and former governor of Utah.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Jun 3, 1893

[Marriner W. Merrill]
Attended lecture in the Temple at 2 p. m. Wm. J. Kerr gave the lecture on mathematics.

[Source: Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Jun 3, 1873

Salt Lake Stake Deacons Quorum Minute Book records: "Bro [Samuel D.] Chambers said It was a source of happiness to him to be here, feels to be the least of all the saints of God, but blest to be one of the number. It is joy to him to fill all calls made upon him. Asks an interest in our faith and prayers, that he may receive an exaltation in the kingdom of God." Chambers, a former slave, had been a Mormon for 29 years at this time.

175 years ago today - Jun 3, 1843. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
I immediately went to the Probate Judge and presented the papers which we had made out pertaining to the Lawrence Estate. He said he could do nothing with them. Upon enquiring what he wanted I finally made a new account which he accepted. I then went to the boat and President Joseph returned with me to make oath to the accounts. Balance in Guardians hands was $3790.89 3/4.

[After Solomon Lawrence died in 1840, Joseph Smith was appointed guardian of his estate and his daughters Sarah and Marie, whom he married in 1843.]

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

120 years ago today - Jun 2, 1898; Thursday

A discussion took place as to the proper age at which deceased children should be endowed in the Temples after attaining to the age of eight years. The rule established by Pres[ident]. Brigham Young at the opening of the St. George Temple was that such children might be endowed at or near the age of fifteen; but this had been departed from in the Logan Temple, where Pres[ident]. [John] Taylor had fixed the age at 8 years. It was Pres[ident]. Woodruff's view that the rule in the Logan Temple should conform to the rule established by Pres[ident]. Young in relation to this matter and which was observed in all the other Temples in Zion. This became the sense of the meeting.

An informal talk followed on the subject of the age of spirits before they appeared in the flesh. The idea conveyed was that all spirits before appearing in the flesh are of adult age, and that after the death of the body they appear in their natural adult size; but that such spirits, if death occurs in childhood, again enter the child bodies, which grow to the full stature of their spirits after the resurrection.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

175 years ago today - Jun 2, 1843

Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith paid Dan Jones $1,375 to become half-owner of the steamboat Maid of Iowa.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]