10 years ago today - 3/20/2009

[Same-Sex Marriage]
Fred Karger and Californians Against Hate ask for expansion of FPPC investigation into LDS Church Prop 8 involvement. Expansion is based on new information Karger receives, some of which includes several letters between Loren C. Dunn and other Church officials during the Hawaii marriage campaigns. Karger posts the scanned letters at mormongate.org.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

75 years ago today - Mar 20, 1944

[Marion G. Romney]
President Clark called again, and cautioned me about taking care of my health. He said that he was calling me pursuant to the instructions of the 121st Section of the Doctrine and Covenants, which says:

"No power or influence can or ought to be maintained by virtue of the Priesthood, only by persuasion ...."

Evidently, he thought he had spoken harshly last night when he called me.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

135 years ago today - Mar 20, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
Attended a lecture at the Academy of Music on the Negro and Indian Problem.

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

175 years ago today - Mar 20, 1844

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Reprinted Story: "A New Candidate for the Presidency" -- Several Newspapers -- Articles announcing the candidacy of Joseph Smith for President.

- Story: "Virtue Will Triumph" -- Emma Smith -- Preamble and resolution read and accepted by the Relief Society, includes disdain for polygamy and "Spiritual Wifery"

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

175 years ago today - Mar 20, 1844

Articles begin to appear in several newspapers commenting on Joseph's candidacy for the U.S. Presidency.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Mar. 20-25, 1839

Between these dates Joseph writes a long letter to Bishop Edward Partridge in particular and the Saints in general. Parts of the letter are later extracted and form what is now D&C 121, 122, and 123. Besides these sections, the letter also encourages the Saints to have love, fellowship, and compassion on the orphans and the widows; expresses thanks for the letters he (the Prophet) has received; explains the reasons why the Lord tries his Saints; warns the Saints against pride; encourages the Saints to become friends with Isaac Galland; encourages abiding the law.

[He prophecies that "not many years hence ... [his enemies] and their posterity shall be swept from under heaven, saith God, that not one of them is left to stand by the wall". D&C 121:11]

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Mar 20, 1834

Took dinner at Brother Joseph Holbrook's. [At] night we tryed three times to git keept in the name of Deciples and could not be keept. After night we found a man who would keep us for mon[e]y. Thus we see that there /is/ more place for mon[e]y than for Jesus' /Deciples or/ the Lamb of God.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

45 years ago today - Mar 19, 1974-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Reed Durham was in the office this morning to see my Mormonism and Masonry file. It turned out that he has seen everything that is in my file. He is giving his presidential address to the Mormon History Association at Nauvoo [Illinois] on the subject of Mormons and Masonry. He says the whole Kingdom of God concept elaborated by Klaus Hansen is a Masonic concept and that the flag of the Kingdom of God about which Mike Quinn wrote his article is a Masonic flag. He thinks the whole political Kingdom of God developed in Nauvoo in 1842 and 1843 and stems from Joseph Smith's Masonic associations.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

125 years ago today - Mar 19, 1894

[Wilford Woodruff]
I had a Dream in the night. I met with Benjamin Franklin. I thought He was on the Earth. I spent several hours with him And talked over our Endowments. He wanted some more work done for him than had been done which I promised him He should have [.]) (2d <anointing>). I thought then He died and while waiting for burial I awoke. I thought vary strange of my Dream. I made up my mind to get 2d Anointing for Benjamin Franklin & George Washington.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Mar 19, 1889

[Wilford Woodruff]
Your letter of Feb. 27th, asking certain questions pertaining to Temple ordinances, has been received and considered. In regard to your last question, pertaining to a woman having been sealed and anointed [second anointing] to her husband, but subsequently divorced from him, he continuing a faithful, good man, etc, is she to be anointed to a second good man as though she never had been anointed? I answer, No. In such a case it will not be proper for the sister to be again anointed. Your second question as to my having any word for you in relation to adoption I would say it will be well to leave the matter of adoption for the present as they have been, and not make any changes. This will also answer your question in regard to going back as far as records can be obtained correctly in adoptions.

[Wilford Woodruff to John D. T. McAllister, Mar. 19, 1889, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

165 years ago today - Mar 19, 1854

[Brigham Young]
The people need instructing on the things around them. I wish to cheer the saints. I can give you revelation now and say: Verily, Verily, thus saith the Lord: Cease you wickedness. Cease speaking evil one of another. Love the things of God. Go to now with all your might and love his kingdom better than anything else. The people want chastisement and will get it. ...

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

170 years ago today - Mar 19, 1849

William Smith: Began ordaining apostles 19 Mar. 1849

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Mar 19, 1844 • Tuesday

[Council of Fifty]
E[lde]r Hyrum Smith followed the chairman and said that the time was at hand when the prophecies should be fulfilled, when the nations were ready to embrace the gospel and when the ensign should be lift up and the standard to the people and he believed if we will set up the standard and raise the ensign the honest in heart of all nations will immediately begin to flock to the standard of our God. ...

The name of the council was also read and unanimously accepted. after which Er John Taylor addressed the council ... [with] a view of the positions and prospects of the different nations of the earth. He referred especially to the United States England, Ireland, Scotland, France, Poland, Switzerland, Germany &c. ...

Er Willard Richards presented the following resolution for the consideration of the council— "Resolved that a "communication be made immediately to the General Government through our representative, Mr [John] Wentworth, specifying that General Joseph Smith will protect the Texas and Oregon from all foreign invasion if the General Government will authorise him to raise volunteers in the United States for that purpose" ...

On Monday the 11th. it was Resolved to draft a constitution which should be perfect, and embrace those principles which the constitution of the United States lacked, and on motion John Taylor Willard Richards, Wm W. Phelps and Parley P. Pratt were appointed a committee to draft a constitution and present it to this council for their approval or disaproval.

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

135 years ago today - Mar 18, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
My Hashish eating friend gave me further details at odd times today. Three of us in the University have entered upon the study of the Narcotics in use.

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

170 years ago today - Mar 18, 1849

[Hosea Stout]
... John Taylor who in the course of his remarks deprecated the practice of swearing & called on all who would agree to flog any one whom they heard to swear to raise their hands whereupon many did while many did not vote either way. I suppose they rightly considered that it would be rather a fast way of getting into business. This was my feelings.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

185 years ago today - Mar 18, 1834

Joseph Smith secretly ordains Lyman Wight as "Baneemy" which Wight understands as a military calling.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Mar 17, 1979

In one of his nationally syndicated essays, political conservative William F. Buckley praises the LDS missionary program as "a kind of privately financed peace corps."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

50 years ago today - 50 years ago - Mar 17, 1969

First Presidency Letter: "Where the military regulations are of a character that "hinders", that is, makes impossible the wearing of the regulation garments, either in training on the drill grounds or in combat zones, effort should be made to wear underclothing that will approach as near as may be the normal garment. Where military regulations require the wearing of two-piece underwear, such underwear should be properly marked, as if the articles were of the normal pattern. If circumstances are such that different underwear may be turned back to the wearer from that which he sends to the laundry, then the marks should be placed on small pieces of cloth and sewed upon the underwear while being worn, then removed when the underwear is sent to the laundry, and resewed upon the underwear returned. . . . Every effort should be made to protect the garments from the gaze and raillery of scoffers. . . . If the scoffing became unbearable and the wearer should decide that the Lord would consider he was really "hindered" by the scoffers from wearing the garments, and if he should therefore lay them aside, then the wearer should resume the wearing of the normal garment at the earliest possible moment. A certain amount of curiosity and light comment may be frequently expected, wherever, for one cause or another, the garments are brought into view, but this is not the "hindering" of which the Lord spoke as excusing obedience."

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - Mar 17, 1884

Future apostle James E. Talmage, at Johns Hopkins University, writes in his journal: "Mar 17. I have been engaged some time in the study of the effects of Narcotics upon the system, i.e. studying the same theoretically only. Today I found a gentleman who works in the same Laboratory as I, and who has for 2 years been addicted to the habit of eating Haschich or extract of Cannabis Indica. He was very willing to give me any data from his own experience; and gave me such." Five days later he includes himself as a subject by taking "Cannabis Indica" himself.

175 years ago today - 175 years ago - Mar 17, 1844

[Brigham Young]
William and Wilson Law and Robert D. Foster were cut off from the Church.

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Mar 17, 1839 (Sunday)

Thomas B. Marsh, formerly President of the Twelve, Wm. W. Phelps, Frederick G. Williams, George M. Hinkle and others were excommunicated from the Church at a conference held at Quincy, Ill.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Mar 17, 1839

[Brigham Young]
A letter was read to the people from the committee in behalf of the Saints at Far West, requesting teams and money to be sent back to remove fifty families of the Saints, who were left destitute of the means to move with, from there to Quincy. Though the brethren were poor and stripped of almost everything, yet they manifested a spirit of willingness to do their utmost, offering to sell their hats, coats and shoes to accomplish the object. We broke bread and partook of the sacrament. At the close of the meeting $50 was collected in money, and several teams were subscribed to go and bring the brethren. Among the subscribers was widow Warren Smith, whose husband and son had their brains blown out, and another son shot to pieces at the massacre at Haun's Mill. She sent her only team on this charitable mission.

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

170 years ago today - Mar 17, 1849

Brigham Young instructs Council of Fifty regarding two imprisoned men: "He would show them he was not afraid to take their Head but do as you please with them." Council allows them to live.

120 years ago today - Mar 17, 1899

[Brigham Young Jr.]
God is blessing the people. I pray Him earnestly to open the way the Pres[ident] [George Q.] Cannon may go to the Senate for I believe he is the man that God wants there to defend His people from the assaults of of lunatic religionists and people here who are robbers and have one desire to drive us out & have our warm places.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

5 years ago today - 2014-03-17

Church PR Department rejected Ordain Women's Ticket Request

The Church PRDepartment published a letter in the Deseret News rejecting Ordain Women's request for 250 tickets to the Priesthood Session of Conference. The letter states that the press will be barred from Temple Square and states the Ordain Women should be relegated to the "Free Speech Zones" located outside of Temple Square. "

[Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

55 years ago today - Mar 16, 1964

Sharlene C. Wells (Hawkes), later the second Latter-day Saint to be crowned Miss America (1985), is born in Asuncion, Paraguay.

70 years ago today - Mar 16, 1949

The Church News reports that a paraplegic convert Mrs. Luett J. Standliff has been baptized while strapped to a stretcher in the Salt Lake Tabernacle baptistery.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Mar 16, 1909; Tuesday

[Heber J. Grant]
4:20 had a long talk with Brother A[lpha]. J. Higgs regarding the manifesto issued by the Church. I learned that some people think that there is a chance for plural marriages to be performed, notwithstanding this manifesto and all the declarations that have been made by the Presidency and the Apostles. Brother Higgs assured me that he would use his influence to correct any such impression as this.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

115 years ago today - Mar 16, 1904

Carl A. Badger, secretary to Apostle and U.S. Senator Reed Smoot writes a letter to a friend: "The people at home may be proud of the showing we have made here, but I am not. It was with humiliation that I heard the brethren acknowledge that the[y] had broken the law of God and of their country. I know that it is folly to condemn individuals when we all are in the same muddle. Public sentiment, the sentiment that you and I have helped create, has sustained them in what they have done. The great wrong is in an attempt to continue what we have promised to give up [polygamy]. I for one hope that the whole truth will come out; I am not in a mood to hide a thing."

115 years ago today - Mar 16, 1904

[John W. Taylor to Joseph F. Smith]
I received telegram and letter about going to Washington [D.C.] for the purpose of testifying in the [Reed] Smoot case [Senate hearings], and I think I fully appreciate what you say upon the subject, and, I must ask you to excuse me from complying with your request in this respect, both on account of my business interests and my own positive disinclinations to do so. ...

[John W. Taylor, Letter to Joseph F. Smith, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 16, 1899

Pres. Jos. F. Smith said a question had been asked in reference to baptism for the dead. Read from Alma (Book of Mormon), Chap. 34, Verses 32, 33, 34, and 35. How can these passages, it was asked, be reconciled with [the] principle of the baptism for the dead? After a few moments of animated discussion, the idea seemed to prevail among the brethren, that, at the time of uttering those words, Amulek could not possibly have been acquainted with the principle of baptism for the dead.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Mar 16, 1894

[James E. Talmage]
After the Legislature cuts the University of Utah's allocated budget by half, Talmage writes the following in his journal:

Personally, I have never had a desire for the presidency of the institution, and I am loath to step on deck just in time to marshal all hands as the vessel goes down. […] Did I think that the actions of the last Legislature represented the voice and wishes of the people, I should despair of the University's life; but I am convinced that the people have its interests at heart. the University of Utah, under name of the University of Deseret, was founded by Latter-day Saints in the earliest days of the settlement of Utah, in the days of the people's direst poverty. I have faith that it will live. [Journal]

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

135 years ago today - Mar 16, 1884

[James E. Talmage]
"In the course of my studies I have naturally been brought face to face with the alleged atheistic tendency of scientific thought and the conflict usually said to exist between Science and Religion. Now, I have felt in a dilemma—and begin now to fancy I see a way out. I have been unable to see the point of conflict myself:—my belief in a loving God perfectly accords with my reverence for science, and I can see no reason why the evolution of animal bodies cannot be true—as indeed the facts of observation make it difficult to deny—and still the soul of man is of divine origin. The dilemma which has troubled me is this—being unable to perceive the great difficulty of which Scientists, and Theologians, and Scientific-theologians refer—I have feared that my investigation of the subject was highly superficial, for when such great men as most of the writers upon this subject are—find a puzzle, it would be high egotism for me to say I find no puzzle. And the fancied exit which I see has appeared from my reading some of John Stuart Mills' writings and I feel—that if I had none other idea of a Deity that those men have, viz., that of an unknown being, whose acts as Mill says "contrary to the highest human morality"—I too would hail atheism with delight. I could never believe in such a God as theirs, not though one should rise from the grave to declare Him to me. And just as certainly do I perceive that there can be no antagonism between the true science as revealed and made easy by the Priesthood, and the God whose attributes and passions of love and mercy are also declared by that same Priesthood [...]"

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

140 years ago today - Mar 16, 1879

[John Gilbert]
... I asked [Martin] Harris once if he had really seen the plates with his naked eyes?--his reply was, No, but with spiritual eyes. ...

[John H. Gilbert to James T. Cobb, 16 March 1879, Theodore A. Schroeder Papers, Rare Books and Manuscripts Division, New York Public Library, New York, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: John H. Gilbert To James T. Cobb]

175 years ago today - Mar 16, 1844

The last Relief Society meeting in Nauvoo is held. The Relief Society doesn't officially meet for ten years. Emma says "if thier ever was any authourity on the Earth she had it— and had yet." She has the sisters vote to sustain Joseph Smith's "Voice of Innocence," which promoted sexual fidelity, and that she wanted "to examin the conduct of their Leaders of this Society— that you may sit in judgement on their heads". Some of the leadership of the society were secretly married to her husband Joseph.

John Taylor later gave the reason that Joseph's wife Emma "made use of the position she held [Relief society president] to try to pervert the minds of the sisters in relation to [plural marriage]."

180 years ago today - Mar 16, 1839

[Wilford Woodruff]
... I Concluded to go & spent the night with Brother Hale & we had an interesting time together in talking about our travels together upon the Islands of the Sea & also Br Hale gave me an account of his sufferings & those of his family & all the Saints in Missouri during the past winter. For they have suffered much from the inhaditants of Missouri who have turned mob with Governour Bogs at their head. They came upon the Saints from time to time in battle aray. They shot the Saints down like wild beasts & butcherd others in cool blood &nocked the brains out of some after they [had] taken them prisioners. The soldiers shot down the cattle cows & hogs of the Saints for the purpose of destroying them.

The Saints at times stood in their own defence & some of their enemies fell befor them & In consequence of which the Governour Issued orders for the final extermination of the Saints out of the State & sent a general after his own heart to execute his orders forthwith ...

Elder David W. Patten one of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints Chosen to bear the keys of this last kingdom was one of the marters of the persecution in Missouri in the winter of 1838 he sealed his testimony with his Blood. He died strong in that faith that he had boldly declared through the U.S.A. for the last 7 years of his life &c.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

10 years ago today - Mar 15, 2009

HBO TV program "Big Love," about a Mormon Fundamentalist plural family, shows a dramatization of LDS temple Endowment ceremony. Photos of actors in Temple robes are printed in TV guide concerning the program. "Tokens" and veil ceremony are shown in detail.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

40 years ago today - Mar 15, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Alice Smith telephoned this afternoon to say that she had changed her mind about the advice she gave me a month or so ago. At that time she had said that women's affairs in the Church in general and the Relief Society in particular were in such a bad state that she did not think it would be desirable to write a history of the Relief Society at this time. It would be too negative. Alice says that she has changed her mind. She thinks women's affairs in the Church have been down for three or four years but she thinks the pendulum has swung the other way. She had received some confidential information which she cannot reveal to me yet but will later, which suggests that things are on the up in women's affairs. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

65 years ago today - Mar 15, 1954

O. Meredith Wilson is appointed as president of the University of Oregon. Other Mormons appointed as university presidents outside of the intermountain states are Vern O. Knudsen (UCLA, 1959), G. Homer Durham (Arizona State University, 1960), O. Meredith Wilson (University of Minnesota, 1960), Stanford Cazier (California State University at Chico, 1971), E. Gordon Gee (West Virginia University, 1981), David P. Gardner (University of California system, 1984), E. Gordon Gee (University of Colorado, 1985; Ohio State University, 1990), V. Lane Rawlins (Memphis State University, 1990).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Mar 15, 1949

Thirty-one-year-old Harold Brown arrives in Buenos Aires as the new president of the Argentina Mission. He is a former FBI agent with experience as a U.S. Vice-Consul in Uruguay. Suspicious Argentine authorities arrest him temporarily on 9 Sept. This is the beginning of strategic church assignments given to Mormons with training in U.S. intelligence and security services.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

85 years ago today - Mar 15, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
Had a splendid night's sleep and awoke at 4:45. After my usual forty-five minutes of exercises in bed, which I take nearly every day of my life ... Talked some letters to my dictaphone before getting out of bed.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Mar 15, 1889

[Franklin D. Richards]
Apostle John W. Taylor is wrestling with an article for publication in the News'-making acknowledgments for his outlandish talk [that polygamy would not be abandoned] in Nephi [Utah] at conference on 3d inst.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

175 years ago today - Mar 15, 1844

Joseph H. Jackson, R. D. Foster, William and Wilson Law, and Chauncy Higbee hold secret meetings opposing Joseph Smith.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - Mar 15, 1844

Hyrum Smith, in TIMES AND SEASONS, publicly rebukes the Saints in China Creek, Hancock County: "some of your elders say, that a man having a certain priesthood, may have as many wives as he pleases, and that doctrine is taught here: I say unto you that that man teaches false doctrine, for there is no such doctrine taught here; neither is there any such thing practiced here. And any man that is found teaching privately or publicly any such doctrine, is culpable, and will stand a chance to be brought before the High Council, and lose his license and membership also: therefore he had better beware what he is about."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

190 years ago today - Circa mid-March 1829

Lucy Harris brings suit against Joseph Jr. at Lyons (NY), during which Martin Harris and others testify. Case dismissed.

[Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

190 years ago today - about Sunday, Mar 15, 1829

Translation of the Book of Mosiah is complete.

[Watson, Elden, Approximate Book of Mormon Translation Timeline, http://www.eldenwatson.net/BoM.htm]

110 years ago today - Mar 14, 1909; Sunday

I attended the regular conference of the Salt Lake Stake, and spoke 50 minutes, principally on Prohibition ... Some of my remarks were rather caustic with reference to the attitude of the federal officials, and their fight against prohibition.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Mar 14, 1899; Tuesday

The First Presidency received a call from Sisters Elmina S. Taylor and Maria Y. Dougall, who bore letters from Sister Susa Young Gates, informing them that Mrs. May Wright Sewall, President of the National Woman's Council of America, had invited Sister Gates to become a delegate to the Quinquennial International Council of Women, to be held in London [England] next June. Sister Gates and Sisters Taylor and Dougall as well, desired to know the mind of the Presidency upon this point. They felt that Sister Gates should accept the appointment. The subject assigned her is the same on which she spoke at the Trans-Mississippi Council of Women, namely, Household Economics, and because of the able manner in which she handled it on that occasion, Mrs. Sewall wanted her to speak upon it at the London Council. ...

Sister Anna, a Sandwich Island girl, who went to Washington [D.C.] with other sisters to attend the Council of Women, called and thanked the Presidency for sending her. She brought a message from Queen Lil- ex-monarch of Hawaii, who wished her to say to the Presidency that her presence and her speech in the Council had done more good for the Sandwich Island people than anything else on that occasion.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

140 years ago today - Mar 14, 1879

[Wilford Woodruff]
14 We drove to Lees Ferry and Crossed. I here left Br Johnson who was the ferryman and at home. We then Crossed the Mountain Called Lees Back bone which we named the Hogs Back. It was the worst hill Ridge or Mountain that I Ever attempted to Cross with a team and waggon on Earth. We had 4 Horses on a waggon of 1,500 lb weight and for two rods we Could ownly gain from 4 inches to 24 with all the power of the horses & two men rolling at the hind wheels and going Down on the other side was still more Steep rocky and sandy which would make it much worse than going up on the North side.

I visited the Great Colorado for the first time in my life whare I went to the River. I found it runing between two Stone walls some 2,000 feet high perpendicular. The river itself looked small being such distance from the top of the Earth. We drove to the Navajos Spring watered our horses and drove mile and Camped. 16 M.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 14, 1844 • Thursday

[Council of Fifty]
This day the council was together all day again, and the same subjects continued in discussion: as previously. The name of the council was discussed and the Lord was pleased to give the following Revelation; "Verily thus saith the Lord, this is the name by which you shall be called, The Kingdom of God and his Laws, with the keys and power thereof, and judgement in the hands of his servants.

Ahman Christ."

This was read to the council and a vote taken whether the members would adopt that as their name. the vote was unanimous in the affirmative. When this was given there was a general feeling of joy and gratitude ran through the brethren, every heart was satisfied and we had a season of rejoicing before the Lord. It was considered wisdom to burn the minutes in consequence of treachery and plots of designing men.—

[Joseph Smith Papers: Council of Fifty, Minutes, March 1844-January 1846]

175 years ago today - Mar 14, 1844

Lucian Woodworth, a gentile member of the Council of Fifty and Nauvoo House architect, is dispatched to Austin, Texas to begin negotiations with the Texas government over a place for Mormons to relocate.

175 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 14, 1844

[Benjamin F. Johnson]
About this time was organized his private council of Fifty,-the embryo kingdom of God upon the earth-an organization distinct from the Church, a nucleus of popular government which will exist for all people when heathen are given [up] for an inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth as a possession "to Him whose right it is to reign"; a government formed of representatives from every nation, principality or tribe upon the earth; a government of God for the people and by the people, in which man will be taught to know his origin and to govern himself, which will continue through the millennial period as the outer wall or government around the inner temple of priesthood, until all are come to the knowledge of God.

[Benjamin F. Johnson autobiography, 87, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

130 years ago today - Mar 13, 1889

At the First Presidency residence, Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon, Joseph F. Smith, Franklin D. Richards, John Henry Smith, Moses Thatcher, and Heber J. Grant met to reprimand John W. Taylor for making public remarks that polygamy was not a dead issue and would not be abandoned. Confronted by Wilford Woodruff, Taylor insists that anyone who claimed that polygamy was not mandatory misunderstood the principle. Taylor makes a number of other accusations, but under pressure from colleagues he eventually agrees to make things right. In light of recent federal legislation the church was trying to eliminate public acknowledgment of new plural marriages. President Wilford Woodruff and counselor George Q. Cannon visits the Utah Territorial Penitentiary, "There were over 100 of the Saints there including a Dozon Bishops. They all looked Clean & Comfortable for a Prision."

160 years ago today - Mar 13, 1859

Two members of the Twelve, Charles C. Rich and Wilford Woodruff assist a team of doctors in removing a gall stone. "Cloriform at 7 minutes before 3 oclock. We first Consecrated a bottle of oil & administered it to him by laying on of hands. We gave him an ounce of Cloriform & some 3 oz of Either [ether]. We were 45 minutes giving him the Cloriform. . . . They run a tube up the penus into the bladder, then Cut into the body by the side of the tube in the bladder. He was 10 minutes cutting to the Stone & 14 minutes taking it away making 24 minutes in the operation. The stone was of a dark sand stone Couler, vary rough surface."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Mar 13, 1849

Apostle George A. Smith writes sixteen-year-old Joseph Smith III, asking him to come to Utah, with or without his mother.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Mar 13, 1844

The Council of Fifty appoints Amos Fielding as theocratic ambassador to England. Ambassadorial appointments to the Republic of Texas, the United States, France, and Russia soon follow.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

195 years ago today - Mar 13, 1824

Large revivals in Palmyra area – Lucy Mack Smith, Hyrum, Sophronia and Harrison join Presbyterians.

[Natural Born Seer, Richard Van Wagoner p. 208; Chronology of Mormon History, http://followtheprophets.com/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

35 years ago today - 35 years ago - Mar 12, 1984

BYU's DAILY UNIVERSE letter to the editor concerning four drawings by undergraduate artist Bob Adams which were removed from a student art exhibition by officials as being "potentially offensive:" "LDS artists cannot and should not ignore the [human] figure, for that would be admitting that the body is evil. . . . If the viewer sees [the drawings] as [erotic, suggestive, or pornographic], perhaps she should examine her own thoughts"

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

35 years ago today - 35 years ago - Mar 12, 1984

BYU's DAILY UNIVERSE letter to the editor concerning four drawings by undergraduate artist Bob Adams which were removed from a student art exhibition by officials as being "potentially offensive:" "LDS artists cannot and should not ignore the [human] figure, for that would be admitting that the body is evil. . . . If the viewer sees [the drawings] as [erotic, suggestive, or pornographic], perhaps she should examine her own thoughts"

130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Mar 12, 1889 (Tuesday)

In the First District Court, at Provo, Thos. Didriksen, of Spanish Fork, was sentenced by Judge Judd to 65 days' imprisonment, and Hans Nielsen (who had just served a term in the Penitentiary, for u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]) to 125 days' imprisonment, for "adultery." Nielsen petitioned for a writ of habeas corpus, representing that he was being punished twice for the same offense. The writ was refused, and the case appealed to the Supreme Court of the United States.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - 140 years ago - Mar 12, 1879

[Joseph F. Smith]
Council of apostles agree to have Orson Pratt publish new edition of Doctrine and Covenants in English with margin notes and index.

[Joseph F. Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

165 years ago today - 165 years ago - Mar 12, 1854

After the funeral of Second Counselor Willard Richards, Heber C. Kimball councils the family: "He advised the family all to hold together & remain as they were on his inheritants & not marry again but to keep themselves for him . . ." Richards was survived by eleven widows. Richards is the first member of the Twelve Apostles or First Presidency to die of natural causes. The first General Authority to die of natural causes was Patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Mar 12, 1844

The Council of Fifty meets

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

170 years ago today - Mar 12, 1849

Disregarding the newly created Constitution of the State of Deseret, the Council of Fifty holds elections with a slate of unopposed candidates. The Church paper the MILLENIAL STAR reports: "The Election Came off to day and resulted in the unanimous choice of Brigham Young as Governor, Willard Richards Secretary, N[ewell] K. Whitney Treasurer, H[eber] C Kimball Chief Justice, John Tailor and N[ewell] K. Whitney Associate Judges, Daniel H. Wells Attorney General Horace Eldridge Marshall, Albert Carrington Assessor and Collector Joseph L Heywood surveyor of Highways And the Bishops of the several wards as magistrates."

75 years ago today - Mar 12, 1944

[David O. McKay]
At the request of Mr. Ab. Glassman, editor of the Standard Examiner, I went to hear the records which he had. There were present, besides Mr. Glassman, President Dye, President Paul, and his two counselors (A. Walter Stevenson and Orson Whitney Young) and the Secretary of the Ogden Chamber of Commerce. There in private conference Sunday night between 5 and 8 we listened to the records of conversations held between Kent Bramwell, a Mr. Meyer, and others representing the gambling interests of Ogden City.

I said to Mr. Glassman: 'What are we going to do?'

Mr. Glassman: I have a bear by the tail, and I don't want to let loose of it.'

Mr. Glassman further remarked: 'If he, Mayor Bramwell, will resign, join the Army, and get out of the town, nothing will be done about it.'

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

30 years ago today - Mar 11, 1989

The Salt Lake Tribune reports that several Mormon men have telephoned death threats to Edwin B. Firmage for publicly advocating the ordination of LDS women to priesthood office. Two days earlier the Tribune reported that those remarks by Firmage, University of Utah law professor, former bishop, and grandson of former First Presidency counselor Hugh B. Brown. However, there are no church sanctions against Firmage.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

35 years ago today - Mar 11, 1984-Sunday

[Leonard Arrington]
Lester Bush talked to me on the telephone a couple of days ago. He said that he had become acquainted with a psychiatrist, non-Mormon, who had been invited by the Church some twenty years ago to go to SLC to study why so many returned missionaries, or missionaries, had come down with schizophrenia. He had felt it was because the pressure was on them to do a lot of baptisms and they couldn't take it. It was during the baseball baptism period of the 1960s. [[During that period some missionaries attracted teenagers to group sports and told them that baptism was an initiation to join a team.]] He had come to know President Hugh Brown, who he thought had ordered the study. Admired him very much. He was overseeing the study. Why so many had become homosexuals had been lumped with it.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

50 years ago today - Mar 11, 1969

David Ben-Gurion, Israel's former prime minister, tells Apostle Ezra Taft Benson: "There are no people in the world who understand Jews like Mormons." Benson replies: "Mr. Ben-Gurion, there are no people in this world who understand the world like the Mormons."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

115 years ago today - Mar 11, 1904 (Friday)

An anti-Mormon political meeting was held at Bamberger's Hall, Salt Lake City by a small number of disgruntled politicians and anti-Mormons. The object of the meeting was to organize for fighting the "Mormons."

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

130 years ago today - Monday, March 11th, 1889

Speaking of the sacrament he [George Q. Cannon] said he believed considerable of our sickness was due to our partaking unworthily of these emblems. He called upon the Stake Presidency and Bishops to refuse the sacrament to those whom they knew were not worthy to receive and told them that if they did not follow this counsel the sins of the unrighteous individual would follow them.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

165 years ago today - Mar 11, 1854

Willard Richards dies in Salt Lake City at age Wilford Woodruff writes, "He is the first man that has died a natural death in this Church & kingdom from the First Presidency or Twelve Apostles. All that have died before have been mart[y]red. Richards was with Joseph and Hyrum Smith at Carthage Jail when Joseph and Hyrum were assassinated. He was the only one of four Mormons in the jail that were not wounded or killed.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

170 years ago today - Mar 11, 1849

[Hosea Stout]
S. wind & cloudy & then snowed and quite disagreeable & muddy. At home. The 13 [American Indian] women & children which we left after Indian fight has arrived here prefering to abide with us it seems rathur than to live with the Utahs on the Provo.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Mar 11, 1844

Joseph Smith becomes the prophet, priest and king of newly organized Council of Fifty. Several accounts give a sense how different attendees perceived the meeting:

—Historian's Office history "Had a very interesting time, the Spirit of the Lord was with us, and we closed the Council with loud shouts of Hosanna!"

—William Clayton "We had a glorious interview. President Joseph [Smith] was voted our P[rophet] P[riest] & K[ing] with loud Hosannas."

—Brigham Young "we had an interesting time, & closed the Council with shouts of Hosannah."

Over time, the council was known by various titles, including the "Kingdom of God", "General Council", "Grand Council", "The Perfect Organization of the Church", "Council of the Kingdom", "Quorum of Fifty", "The Living Constitution", "Council of 50,000", "Council of Ytfif", "council of fifty princes of the kingdom", "Council of Elders", "Council of L", "Council of the Priesthood", and other titles. The lengthy revealed name was too long for practical use, leading to a multitude of nicknames, and gives a sense of how members of the council perceived themselves.

Virtually the entire First Presidency, Quorum of Twelve, and Presiding Bishopric were inducted into the council when it was first organized in 1844. Three-fourths of the male members of the Quorum of Anointed were also invited to become members. Perhaps most distinctively, three non-Mormons were also invited to join the council , making it clear that Joseph envisioned the council not as part of the Church, but an independent, male organization expanding beyond the Church. New members were anointed and taught a '"Charge," "The name," & "Key word," and the "Constitution," and "Penalty"' in a temple-like ritual. Members were considered the council's "living constitution" , transcending the U.S. Constitution . Despite its conspicuous overlap of highly placed members from other governing groups in the Church, it was considered distinct from the Church per se. Council member Joseph Fielding considered it "a Shield round about the Church".

Statements from quorum members give us insight into how Joseph and other quorum members viewed the role of the council:

Clayton felt they replicated "the Grand Council amongst the Gods when the organization of this world was contemplated".

Benjamin F. Johnson thought it would be the "the embryo kingdom of God . . . an organization distinct from the Church . . . formed of representatives from every nation . . . which will continue through the millennial period as the outer wall or government around the inner temple".

George Miller believed that if voters could be converted, and if they "elected Joseph President . . . the dominion of the kingdom would be forever established in the United States. And if not successful, we could but fall back on Texas, and be a kingdom notwithstanding".

Lyman Wight believed that the Fifty were "organized to bear off the kingdom triumphantly over the head of every opposition, and to establish Zion no more to be thrown down forever".

Orson Pratt considered the council as "the only legal government that can exist in any part of the universe" with all other governments "illegal and unauthorized".

Jed Rogers, editor of the Council of Fifty: A Documentary History concludes that they were "to establish a worldly kingdom that would usurp all others and receive Jesus at His Second Coming".

[Clair Barrus, Response to: "What Is This?: The Nauvoo Council of Fifty Minutes ...", https://www.academia.edu/34080046/Response_to_What_Is_This_The_Nauvoo_Council_of_Fifty_Minutes_]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 10, 1904

[Rudger Clawson]
Pres. [James G.] Duffin wrote that he was unable to get the temple lot at Independence for the sum of $24,500, which he had tendered, but he was still negotiating for same. There was no doubt, he said, that the purchase could be made for about $26,000. It became the sense of the council by vote that the purchase be made immediately at the best terms possible up to $26,000.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Mar 10, 1899

[James E. Talmage]
In this evenings issue of the "Deseret News" appeared the first public announcement of the prospective book on the "Articles of Faith." This first mention is made by the President of the Church ...

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

130 years ago today - Mar 10, 1889

As we drove home Father [First Presidency counselor George Q. Cannon] ... asked me what I understood concerning Mary conceiving the Savior; and as I found no answer he asked what was to prevent Father Adam from visiting and overshadowing the mother of Jesus.

'Then' said I, 'he must have been a resurrected Being.'

'Yes,' said he, 'and though Christ is said to have been the first fruits of them that slept, yet the Savior said he did nothing but what He had seen His Father do, for He had power to lay down His life and take it up again. Adam, though made of dust, was made, as Pres. Young said, of the dust of another planet than this.'

I was very much instructed by the conversation and this day's services. [Note: This excerpt was excluded from 'An Apostles Record: The Journals of Abraham H. Cannon']

[Abraham H. Cannon (Author), Edward Leo Lyman (Editor), Candid Insights of a Mormon Apostle: The Diaries of Abraham H. Cannon, 1889-1895, Signature Books]

170 years ago today - Mar 10, 1849

[Wilford Woodruff]
... [I] recieved the Herald N york weekly. It contained the Closing & breaking up of Congress which was A disgraceful scene. The member got drunk, fought, knocked each other down had bloody noses cursed damned &c which shows the state the Government is runing into. Elders J. C. Little & Whipple called upon me & spent the evening. I had a good time with them.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 10, 1844, Sunday

The philosophical roots for the organization of the Council of Fifty reached back many years, and were directly related to the millennial expectations of the church. The immediate impetus, however, came from two letters signed by Lyman Wight and four other brethern who were working in the church's lumber camps in Black River Falls, Wisconsin Territory. These were read at a special meeting of the Twelve, Bishop George Miller, and the Nauvoo Temple Committee on the evening of 10 March 1844. The letters proposed a grandiose plan for Mormon colonization in the Southwest, and led to an important discussion where, according to Clayton, ``many great and glorious ideas were advanced.''

[Joseph Smith Journal entry:] 4 1/2 P.M. I [Joseph Smith] met the 12 [apostles] Bishop [George] Miller, Temple Committee at Nauvoo Mansion. A Letter was read from Lyman Wight ... about removing [the saints moving] to the Table Lands of Texas ^Saxet^ &c. &c. ...

Joseph asked, ["]can this council keep what I say, not make it Public["] all held up their hands. Copy the Constitution of the U S. [Place it in the] hands of a select committee [to use as a guide for the Council of Fifty]. No laws can be enacted but what every man can be protected. Grant their petition, go ahead concern[i]ng the [mission to the] indians & southern states &c. Send 25 men by / the y^r^enip- through to Santa Fee ^Atnas Eef^ &c., and if Houston ^Notsuoh^ will embrace the gospel [we] can amend that constitution & make it the voice of Jehovah and shame the U. S. ...

[Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

175 years ago today - Mar 10, 1844

[Joseph Smith]
I attended meeting at the Stand by the Temple and preached on the subject of the spirit of /Elias/ Elijah, and Mesiah clearly defining the offices of the 3 personages. The Savior will not come this year /nor 40 years to come/ [as opposed to Millerite predictions for an imminent return]. The bow has been seen in the cloud and in that year that the bow is seen seed time and harvest will be, but when the bow ceases to be seen look out for a famine. ...

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1844, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

175 years ago today - Mar 10, 1844

Joseph ... talks about the impossibility of murderers receiving forgiveness without going through hell, and states, "The Lord once told me that what I asked for I should have. I have been afraid to ask God to kill my enemies, lest some of them should, peradventure, repent."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Before 10th of March, 1839

[Benjamin F. Johnson]
And often at Mother Huntington's did we have the most spirited and enjoyable testimony or prayer meetings. There the gift of tongues came to me in power, and never has it left me. To Sister Zina was both the gift of tongues and interpretation given, and under the influence of our spiritual enjoyment it seemed we formed a mutual attachment, which before I left Far West grew into feelings of reciprocal love, with hopes, which although not realized in full, did not hinder our being ever the warmest and truest of friends.

[Autobiography of Benjamin F. Johnson]

30 years ago today - Mar 9, 1989.

Edwin B. Firmage, a grandson of Hugh B. Brown and a professor of constitutional law at the University of Utah, states in a lecture at the Salt Lake City Cathedral of the Madeleine, "I long for that time when four black people, three of them women, will sit on the stand as general authorities."

[Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

120 years ago today - Mar 9, 1899; Thursday

Some voluminous correspondence, recently received from Elder F[erdinand]. F. Hintze in Turkey, was referred to Apostle Anthon H. Lund, who stated the substance of it to be: That the Protestant sects were concentrating their efforts against our people in Aintab and Aleppo, by getting their employers to either discharge them or reduce their wages. Three hundred dollars had been appropriated to help these people purchase looms and be independent of employers, and Brother Hintze now asked for an additional two hundred dollars. He also reminded the Presidency that the hall rent for a year would be due in May.

President Snow asked Brother Lund if these people had received a testimony for themselves, so that they might be relied upon to remain in the Church if assistance were withheld. Brother Lund answered that he regarded them as children but believed that they were growing stronger. Brother Hintze also asked for fifteen missionaries, but Brother Lund thought that five would perhaps be sufficient. The traveling expenses of each missionary would be about $800.

Nothing was done in relation to missionaries, but on motion of President Cannon the two hundred dollars asked for by Brother Hintze was appropriated, to help the Armenian Saints to be self-supporting. This amount on motion of President Richards, was subsequently increased to $340, the increased appropriation to meet hall rent.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Mar 9, 1899

[Rudger Clawson]
Today is the last day of the legislature and the members are trying hard to elect a senator. It requires 32 votes to elect. A[lfred]. W. McCune has received 29, and Pres. Cannon, whose name was sprung on Wednesday for the first time, received 13 and later 15 and 23 votes.

[No senator was elected, and Utah continued with just one senator]

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - Mar 9, 1884

Samuel W. Richards said whare a Man had 2 or 3 wives one After the other and did not have but one at a time He would Still be in Poligamy in the next world, the same as though He had them all at once.

Joseph F Smith thought Different from Br Richards. He thought in that way a Man would not be Carrying out the Patriarchal Law of marriage. If that would have answerd he did not see the necesity of the Lord Commanding Joseph the Prophet to take several wifes at the same time. An Angel of God Stood by him with a drawn Sword and told him he should be slain & Cut off from the Earth and the kingdom of God if he did not obey that Law.

G Q Cannon was of the same opinion, that A man must have more then one wife at a time in order to obey that Law. But He said He believed there would be men in the Celestial Kingdom that had but one wife and Some who had no wife and some who had several wifes would not get there at all. For good Men died without having the Privilege and men would be Judged according to their desires as well as their acts and those men who died without the gospel and would have received it if they had a Chance will receive it hereafter & be saved in the Celestial Kingdom. So with those who would have received the Patriarchal Order of Marriage if they had a Chance will be saved in the Celestial Kingdom.

W Woodruff agreed with Brothers Smith & Cannon in this principle. He spoke of the Temporal Blessings the Lord had poured out upon those who had Entered into it faithfully.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Mar 9, 1879

Bro W [Wilford Woodruff] related a circumstance of the Prophet Joseph Smith in relation to some Mounds, they found while traveling to Far West . . . Joseph had a vision which showed him this Mans Name was Zelph who lived in the days of Onandagus [he was a Lamanite & was white] he was a great Warrior.

[Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 9, 1844

General Relief-Society president Emma Smith preaches to the Relief Society:"it was high time for Mothers to watch over their Daughters & exhort them to keep the path of Virtue" She then asks "by vote, who would be willing to receive the principles of Virtue, keep the commandments of God and uphold the Prestss [Priestess?] in puting <down> iniquity." In a second meeting the same day she asks "all to take heed to their ways; and follow the teachings of Brother Joseph; and when he Preaches against Vice to take heed to it; and said, he meant what he said." Joseph's personal secretary, William Clayton said Joseph "was weeping and seemed very sorrowful."

Within a week the Relief Society meetings are discontinued as it is felt that Emma is preaching coded messages against her husband's secret practice of plural marriage. John Taylor later explained: "the meetings were discontinued" because "Emma Smith the Pres[ident] taught the sisters that the principle of plural marriage . . . was not of God."

115 years ago today - Mar 8, 1904

Apostle, and U.S. Senator, Reed Smoot's 25-year-old personal secretary, Carl A. Badger writes: "I believe, that we all feel that the case is much more serious than it was ever thought it would be. . . . " The Senate investigation on seating Smoot has just begun and lasts for three more years. Concerning Church President Joseph F. Smith's recent testimony before the committee Badger writes: "The admissions made by President Smith have aroused great newspaper indignation, . . ." President Smith had admitted to continuing to live with his plural wives after the manifesto in violation of both the laws of the land and of the church.

115 years ago today - Mar 8, 1904

[Reed Smoot hearings]
... Apostle [Francis M.] Lyman also testified in the forenoon meeting, and Bro[ther] Lyman was also kept on during the whole afternoon session. He seemed to get confused and his answers, especially his answers or endeavors to explain revelation.

[Andrew Jenson Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Mar 8, 1899; Wednesday

Brother Mons Peterson called and conversed with Apostle John Henry Smith regarding the obligation of $5,000, owing by him to the Church. He promised to pay the interest on the principal and as much of the principal as he possibly could this year, but he feared that he would not be able to pay as much as $1,000; but after this year he promised to pay $1,000 annually on the principal until it and the interest had been paid. His statement was reported to President Snow.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

150 years ago today - Mar 8, 1869 (Monday)

The Union Pacific Railroad was completed to Ogden, and a celebration held there in honor of the event.

The Utah Central Railway company was organized, with Brigham Young as president.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Mar 8, 1869 (Monday)

The University of Deseret was opened in the Council House, Salt Lake City.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Mar 8, 1844

The Times and Seasons publishes a carefully-worded denial of the practice of polygamy.

[Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - Mar 8, 1844

Anointed Quorum approves Joseph Smith's second choice for his vice-president, non-Mormon Solomon Copeland of Tennessee. Joseph's first choice, James Arlington Bennet, is removed from the ticket because he "was a native of Ireland and could not be Vice President."

180 years ago today - Mar 8, 1839

Alanson Ripley brings news from Joseph in Liberty jail that the Saints should sell all lands in Missouri, including the lands that they own in Jackson County. They make about $2700 from these sales, which greatly helps the poorer Saints in moving from Far West to Illinois.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

60 years ago today - Mar 7, 1959

The Church News, after twenty-eight years without advertisements, begins advertising for such diverse enterprises as music stores, mortuaries, furniture stores, insurance agencies, banks, savings and loans, camera stores, jewelers, car dealerships, travel agencies, television repair, optical shops, and movie theaters. As the largest single advertisement, American Motors president George W. Romney features himself in a one-and-three-fourths-page spread for Kelvinator appliances on 20 June 1959. The Commercial ads cease after 24 Sept. 1960.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Mar 7, 1944

Coordinated raid by FBI and local police to arrest polygamist men. Two heavily armed FBI agents and two Salt Lake City police enter Joseph W. Musser's home at 6 A.M. After placing Musser under arrest, they began to search his office for records. They present no search warrant but continue to search, despite Musser's numerous protestations to stop. Musser is taken to the county jail where he finds "a large congregation of my brothers. Of the Priesthood Council, were John V. Barlow, myself, Charles F. Zitting, LeGrand Woolley, Louis A. Kelsch, also Guy H. Musser and Rulon T. Jeffs." Musser is charged with federal conspiracy, state conspiracy, and cohabitation. Sixty years previously his father, Joseph White Musser joined the "honor roll" of Mormon men imprisoned for their belief in plural marriage.

The First Presidency issues a statement about the case: "We commend and uphold the federal government, in its efforts through the office of the United States district attorney and assisting agencies to bring before the bar of justice those who have violated the law." Apostle Hugh B. Brown writes of the case: "The Church has in fact assisted in obtaining the information leading to the indictments, and a 'Mormon Elder' is the prosecuting attorney"

130 years ago today - Mar 7, 1889

The New York Times gives its first theatre review for actress Maude Adams, born of "Gentile" father and Mormon mother. One of the era's most popular Broadway actresses, Maude Adams creates and repeats the title role of Peter Pan (1905, 1912, 1914, 1915).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Mar 7, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
I met in Council at the Endowment House and decided Concerning the sizes of the Altars in the Temple.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Mar 7, 1844

At a meeting at the Nauvoo Temple, William W. Phelps read Smith's presidential platform and he was "unanimously, with one exception" nominated as a candidate for President of the United States. Explaining his views on slavery and westward expansion, Smith said that he would free the slaves from a few states, compensate their owners, annex Texas, and settle the freed slaves in Texas, where they would act as a buffer of human flesh against the British, who were also attempting to gain control of Texas:

"British officers are now running all over Texas to establish British influence in that country.... It will be more honorable for us to receive Texas and set the negroes free, and use the negroes and Indians against our foes....How much better it is for the nation to bear a little expense than to have the Indians and British upon us and destroy us all.... The South holds the balance of power. By annexing Texas, I can do away with this evil. As soon as Texas was annexed, I would liberate the slaves in two or three States, indemnifying [i.e. compensating] their owners, and send the negroes to Texas, and from Texas to Mexico, where all colors are alike. And if that was not sufficient, I would call upon Canada, and annex it."

[LDS (or related) Documents on Walker Lewis, the Lowell, Mass. Branch of the Mormon Church and its missionaries and members, and the Priesthood Ban against Blacks, Compiled by Connell O'Donovan, http://people.ucsc.edu/~odonovan/Mormon_Chronology.html]

20 years ago today - 20 years ago - Mar 6, 1999

[Gorden B. Hinckley]
"It was here in Northern Mexico," he said in his dedicatory prayer for the Colonia Juarez Chihuahua Mexico Temple on March 6, 1999, "that Thou didst reveal the idea and the plan of a smaller temple, complete in every necessary detail, but suited in size to the needs and circumstances of the Church membership in this area of Thy vineyard. That revelation came of a desire and a prayer to help Thy people of these colonies who have been true and loyal during the century and more that they have lived here. They are deserving of this sacred edifice in which to labor for themselves and their forebears."

[http://www.ldschurchtemples.com/coloniajuarez/prayer/]

30 years ago today - 30 years ago - Mar 6, 1989

President Gordon B. Hinckley, First Counselor in the First Presidency, speaks at the Church's first fireside broadcast by satellite for single-adult members.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

50 years ago today - 50 years ago - Mar 6, 1969

[David O. McKay]
President [N. Eldon] Tanner called attention to a letter handed to him by Elder Howard W. Hunter to be handed to the First Presidency referring to a custom in the early days of the Church for a woman to be sealed to a good man in the Church, a General Authority or someone else who was still living, other than her deceased husband who died without accepting the gospel. The sealing was performed as an assurance for an eternal union in the hereafter. It is now recommended that inasmuch as President Wilford Woodruff received a revelation which altered this practice, that in such cases prior to 1890 when this ruling was made, if the woman was sealed to a deceased member of the Church or to a living member of the church but did not live with him as a wife, permission be granted for her to be sealed also to her nonmember deceased husband to whom she had been married in life. The original sealing will not, however, be cancelled....

[Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

60 years ago today - 60 years ago - Mar 6, 1959

David O. McKay rejects the suggestion of opening a LDS mission in Israel due to the Arab opposition to the state of Israel.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - Mar 6, 1884

[Wilford Woodruff]
6 I had an interview in Company with the Presidency & some of the Twelve with Adelna Patti, Represented as the greatest singer in the world. She never sings for less then $5,000 dollars a night. She visited the Big Tabernacle and Assembly Hall and was much Delighted with both. She then invited us to visit her private Car which we did. It was a small Car but Considered the most Costly Car in the world. $60,000 dollars had been Expended upon it. We visited Each departmet of her bedroom hot & Cold baths and all got up on the grandest stile imaginable. We all drank her health in a little Champagne.

I attended the Evening singing in the Theater. They were mostly Italians & Germans. The Main singer was Madam Gersler. She got $2,000 for her singing. Galassi gets $800 per night. The whole Recept for the night was $4,475 dollars but the Business Maniger said the Entertainment had Cost the Company $4,000.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - 160 years ago - Mar 6, 1859

The first Masonic lodge in Utah is organized at Camp Floyd, under the name, Rocky Mountain Lodge No. 205.

[History to Go, Pioneers and Cowboys, http://historytogo.utah.gov/timeline/pioneersandcowboys.html]

185 years ago today - 185 years ago - Mar 6, 1834

Joseph Smith writes, "We held another meeting at Brother Nickerson's. The few unbelievers that attended were outrageous, and the meeting ended in complete confusion.'

50 years ago today - Mar 5, 1969

[David O. McKay]
I gave direction to the matter that it is not necessary to bless Temple clothing. I also gave direction that it is permissible for individuals to be buried in laundered and clean temple clothing rather than to go to the expense of the purchase of entirely new clothing.

[David O. McKay diary, Mar. 5, 1969, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

55 years ago today - Mar 5, 1964

[Meeting of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve (minus Benson, who was in Europe]

[McKay:] "Before partaking of the Sacrament this morning, I should like to refer to an unfortunate incident which has occurred since the Council last met in this capacity." McKay was particularly upset at letters he had received stating that "a lack of harmony among the leaders of the church" was "creating confusion among members and friends of the Church."

He then put Joseph Fielding Smith on the spot: "I said that I should like to know today that there is no dissension among the members of this Council, and that we partake of the Sacrament in full fellowship and full support of one another. I mentioned that since President Smith's name is associated with Brother Benson, particularly in the matter of the John Birch Society, that I think it would be well for President Smith on this occasion to explain his association with the controversy."

Smith replied that "he was glad to do so." He acknowledged that "he did say that when Brother Benson comes home, he hoped he would not get into politics and would keep his blood pure." However, he did not intend his comments to be a personal attack on Benson, but rather as an acknowledgement "that in politics a lot of things are done that are somewhat shady. ...

McKay ... said that Elder Benson had full permission to give that lecture and he gave a good talk…. I further said that Brother Benson had said publicly that he was in favor of the John Birch Society, and that I had told Brother Benson that he could not, as one of the Twelve, join that Society. ... Brother Benson's call to preside over the European Mission had no relationship whatever to his desire to join that Society. I stated that so far as this Council is concerned, we have no connection whatever with the John Birch Society, no matter how good it may be and how noble its purposes; ...

Although McKay's defense of Benson was impassioned and unequivocal, it sidestepped the issue that had catapulted Benson's talk into the national spotlight, namely, Benson's implicit endorsement of Robert Welch's charges that Dwight Eisenhower, a close friend of McKay, was a tool of the Communists.

[David O. McKay diary ; Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

140 years ago today - Mar 5, 1879

[Minutes of the Seventies]
[African American] Bro Elijah Able gave an outline of his history and experiences during a period of forty years. Of his being in Kirtland. Of his appointment an [sic] ordination as a Seventy, and a member of the 3rd Quorum. He related some of the sayings of the prophet Joseph who told him that those who were called to the Melchisadec Priesthood and had magnified that calling would be sealed up unto eternal life. Spoke of his being appointed by the Prophet to the calling of an Undertaker in Nauvoo. Of his opportunities and conversations with the Patriarch Father Joseph Smith while watching at his bedside during his last sickness. He related one of the themes on which he dwelt at that time and predicted that the saints would go into the wilderness. Br Abel related many other items of interest.

[Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015, Appendix 1: Minutes of the Seventies, 1837-1933, Excerpts]

170 years ago today - Mar 5, 1849

A constitutional convention meets in Salt Lake City, where a constitution for the proposed state of Deseret is adopted. However, the U.S. Congress, in the famous Compromise of 1850, makes Utah a territory instead of a state, denying the Saints local home rule and leading to a nearly fifty-year struggle for statehood. 1902:

The name of the Smith Academy in Rexburg, Idaho, is changed to Ricks Academy in honor of Thomas E. Ricks, founder of Rexburg.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

170 years ago today - Mar 5, 1849

[Hosea Stout]
At the dawn of day our company was divided into 4 parties the better to surround the camp of Indians. I first started with a party to close in on the farthest side of them to prevent them from escaping to the mountains while another party under A. Williams marched into the mouth of the Cañon to keep them from escaping in that direction. Judson Stoddard with a few horsemen formed below on the creek to be ready to pursue them in case they attempted to escape into the valley while the fourth party under D. B. Huntington marched directly to their camp.

They discovered us about the time we had fairley surrounded them while it was yet twilight & attempted to escape in several different directions but found themselves surrounded whereupon they commenced a long & loud speech which I afterwards learned only consisted in telling us to go away or they would fire upon us while our interpreters also told them that we desired to see them and wished them to come out.

The Utah who was along with us also tried to persuade them to come out but all to no purpose.

Some time was spent in this way while they steadily refused to give up threatning all the time to fire upon us if we did not leave & when finding we were determined to have them the gave the war hoop & fired 3 guns upon. We also now fired in return. The battle now commenced in good earnest and in a few moments one of the Indians was killed and several wounded.

They soon took shelter in the creek which had perpendicular banks about 4 feet high thickly set with willow which so completely shielded them that we could not see them only when they raised up to shoot at us. We were about two hours engaged with them.

They fought with the most determined resolution to die rather than yield as they could often be heard to encourage each other.

Sometimes they would connence to sing as if they were gambling as a token of defiance to us.some 5 or 6 times during the engagement we ceased firing and both our interperters & the Utah tryed to persuade them to come out also to send out their women & children that they might be spared if they would not yield but all to no effect.

Some of the Squaws were at length found couch in the water under the thick brush & were induced to come out. They were in a most deplorable situation. Having been in the water about an hour & a half, they were nearley froze. We kindled up a fire for them which rendered them more comfortable.

By sending these back we soon prevailed on the rest to come out also and soon 13 women & children came out, among the rest a lad about sixteen gave up. He had fought manfully during the engagement.

Two of the women were wounded on the head with stones which we had thrown into the brush to ascertain where they were hid. Soon after they gave up we succeeded in killing two more men leaving only one more who immediately broke through the brush and tryed to escape to the Utah who was on the hill looking on. He was killed however before he ran far

Thus ended the battle without one of our men even being hurt although they shot hundreds of arrows at ussometimes at only a few yards distance. ...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

185 years ago today - Mar 5, 1834

[Greene M. Evan]
... we had a powerful time it was a prayer meeting and lasted verry late after it was dismissed it seemed as though the people could not go away and we got to talking and a Bro. brooke* into the gift of toungs* and then an other Bro . and then the spirit of interpertation* came upon me it was a powerful exhortation their neighbors [-] came forward to be baptised and in the morning Bro. H . waited upon them it being soon after his ordination and in the place of his residence he was blesse[d] much ...

[Greene, Evan Melbourne, 1814 –1882. Diaries, 1833 –1852]

90 years ago today - Mar 4, 1929

President Heber J. Grant meets with representatives of the Arizona State Legislature. Grant is in Arizona to lobby against naming a bridge over the Colorado River "Lee's Ferry Bridge" after John D. Lee. The Arizona Legislature had passed a bill naming the bridge three days earlier. The next day Grant addresses a joint session of the Legislature and argues for a name which is "distinguished and constructive." The newspapers agree, since advertising for the state would be better. His efforts prove successful, and the name is changed.

115 years ago today - Mar 4, 1904

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
The 'seige' in Washington [D.C.] continues with my father [i.e., Joseph F. Smith] on the stand [Smoot Hearings]. He has been forced to answer all kinds of questions with have been asked by moral lepers who are unworthy to unloose his shoes, and some of these vile creatures are, too, members of the Committee of privileges and elections.

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Mar 4, 1894

[Abraham H. Cannon]
Uncle Angus [M. Cannon] ... spoke very plainly upon the vices of the young, the evils of round dancing, masquerade balls, surprise parties, and other things. Some people felt he was too pointed in some of his expressions, but if good results from what he said, we may be thankful to the Lord.

[Abraham H. Cannon (Author), Edward Leo Lyman (Editor), Candid Insights of a Mormon Apostle: The Diaries of Abraham H. Cannon, 1889-1895, Signature Books]

140 years ago today - Mar 4, 1879

"Bro Elijah Able [sic] gave an outline of his history and experiences during a period of forty years. Of his being in Kirtland. Of his appointment an[d] ordination as a Seventy, and a member of the 3rd Quorum. He related some of the saying[s] of the prophet Joseph who told him that those who were called to the Melchisadec [sic] Priesthood and had magnified that calling would be sealed up unto eternal life." Elijah Abel was not allowed to take out his endowments or have his family sealed to him because of his African-American background.

170 years ago today - Mar 4, 1849

In SLC a committee was appointed to draft a constitution in hopes that Congress would create a Mormon state.

[Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

170 years ago today - Sunday, Mar 4, 1849

At 9, agreeable to adJournment, the council of Ytfif [Fifty] convened. The first buseness before House was the case of Ira E. West. The council al[l] agreed that he had forfeited his Head, but the difficulty was ho[w] he should be disposed of. Some were of the oppinion that to execut[e] him Publickly, under the traditions of the People, would not be safe; but to dispose of him privately would be the most practi[cable], & would result in the greatest good. The People would know tha[t] he was gone, in some strange manner, & that would be all they could sugest, but fear would take hold of them & they wo[uld] tremble for fear it would be their time next. Others thought to appoint a Supreme Judge & twelve counsellors or a Jury of twelve men, to try criminals['] offenses in public, & pass Sentances upon them; that it would meet the entir[e] approbation of the community at large, for it would be in accordance with the gentiles' customs of the Land; whereupon H[eber] C. Kimble was nominated for the office [o]f Supreme Judge, and after several counsellors had spoken on the Subject, it was voted that an Election be held on the 12th day of March in the city of the great Salt Lake for the purpose of Electing the following men to fill the different Stations in office. Namely: Pres. Brigham Young, governor; Heber C. Kimble, Supreme Judge; Willard Richards, Secretary of state; N[ewel] K. Whitney & John Taylor, associate Judges; ...

Pres. B. Young said to the Marshal, ["]take Ira E. West & Thomas Byrns into custody & put them in chai[ns], & on the day of the Election, there offer them for Sale to the highest Bidder. They have both forfeited thier h[e]ad[s] & shall loose them; and if this council wants me to shoulder it, I can do it, but to consent to do anything in the dark, I will not. There will not be half so much danger to Just declare the Sentance publically, but let those two cases pass until we have State officers, & should Ira E. West be miss[ing] on the day of the Election, I motion that we forgive him the debt.["] ...

[John D. Lee diary, 98–100, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

170 years ago today - Sunday, Mar 4, 1849

[Council of Fifty]
The hunting companies organized last December, under John D. Lee and John Pack, met and counted their game. ... Total killed by both companies, 2 bears, 2 wolverines, 2 wild cats, 783 wolves, 409 foxes, 31 minx, [erasure], 9 eagles, 530 magpies, hawks, and owls, and 1026 ravens. This hunt proved of great benefit to the territory, in the destruction of so much vermin, and also in furnishing quills for the clerks for several years.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Mar 4, 1844

Joseph Smith orders that the building of the Nauvoo House be suspended "and we will put all our forces on the Temple . . . When the Temple is completed, no man shall pass the threshold till he has paid $5.00 and every stranger shall pay $5.00. I will not have the house dirtied."

185 years ago today - Mar 4, 1834

... s/t/aid all night with a Brother McBride. [The] next morning [we] went 4 m[iles] to Br[other Freeman] Nicisons [Nickerson's], found him and his house hold full of faith and of the Holy Spirit.

We cal[le]d the Church together and Related unto them what had hap[p]ened to our Brethren in Zion. [We] opened to them the prophesyes and revelations concerning the order of the gathering of Zion and the means of her Redem[p]tion.

Brother Joseph Prophesyed to them and the spirit of the Lord came mightily upon them and with all re[a]dyness the yo[u]ng and mid[d]le aged volenteered for Zion['s Camp]. [The] same evening [we] held 2 meetings 3 or 4 miles Apart.

[The] next day, March 6th, [we] held another Meeting at Bro[ther] Nicisons [Nickerson's]. The few un Believers that attended were outragious and the meeting ended in compleet confusion.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

105 years ago today - Mar 3, 1914

[James E. Talmage]
Talmage attends a meeting in the Assembly Hall where Helen Keller and her teacher, Anne Sullivan, speak. Regarding Helen Keller, Talmage writes in his journal:

I feel there is no exaggeration in this statement that Helen Keller is in many respects one of the most interesting personalities upon this planet. ... Among the great lessons to be learned from [Helen Keller] [...] is this: That the mind can be lifted even from the depths of darkness, but an external saving power is requisite. To Helen Keller her teacher stands as a savior much as the Savior of all men stands to the race.

[Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa; MSS 229, Box 5, Folder 1, Journal 17]

115 years ago today - Mar 3, 1904; Thursday

President [John R.] Winder informed the Council of the conclusion arrived at by himself and President Anthon H. Lund, Brother Rudger Clawson and the Presiding Bishopric in regard to purchasing the temple lot property at Independence.

On motion of Brother George Albert Smith, this action was ratified by the Council.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Mar 3, 1889

THE POSITION OF ADAM AND NOAH IN THE PRIESTHOOD

The Prophet Joseph taught us that father Adam was the first man on the earth to whom God gave the keys of the everlasting priesthood. He held the keys of the presidency, and was the first man who did hold them. Noah stood next to him, he being the father of all living in his day, as Adam was in his day. THESE TWO MEN WERE THE FIRST WHO RECEIVED THE PRIESTHOOD IN THE ETERNAL WORLDS, BEFORE THE WORLDS WERE FORMED. They were the first who received the everlasting priesthood or presidency on the earth. Father Adam stands at the head, so far as this world is concerned. Of course, Jesus Christ is the Great High Priest of the salvation of the human family. But Adam holds those keys in the world today; he will hold them to the endless ages of eternity. And Noah, and every man who has ever held or will hold the keys of presidency of the kingdom of God, from that day until the scene is wound up, will have to stand before Father Adam and give an account unto the lord, of the principles that we have received when our work is done in the flesh.

[Deseret Weekly, 38:389, Wilford Woodruff, in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

135 years ago today - Mar 3, 1884

[J.D.T. McAllister]
Set women apart as midwives

drove to Toquerville. I set apart Susann A.S. Bringhurst. as a midwife. Bishop Wm A Bringhurst. Set apart Regula Benz Naegle. Bp Cannon. Set apart Mary L. Jackson. all for the same purpose.

[Diary Excerpts of J.D.T. McAllister, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Saturday, Mar 3, 1849

[John D. Lee, Council of Fifty meeting]
The forenoon was Spent in deliberating upon the case of Ira E. West, Thomas Byres, & others. An intermission of 1 3/4 of an hour was given. At 2 P.M. the council was called togeather & Some taul Speeches were made relative to the duties and Powers of this Council, by E[rastus] Snow & others.

Repeated the Name of this council (SS). ["]Verily thus Saith the Lord, by this Name ye shall be called. [']The Kingdom of god & its Laws and Justice & Judgement in my hands. Signed Ahman Christ.['"] Then said the verry Name of this Council is a louder text than any Elder can preach. Then can the members of this council suffer their sympathy to arrise to the extant that mercy will Rob Justice of its claims, Suffering infernals, thieves, Murders, Whoremongers & every other wicked curse to [exist], through mercy to live among us, adding sin to sin, crime to crime, corrupting the morals of the People when their Blood ought to floow to atone for their crimes. I want their cursed heads to be cut off that they may atone for their Sins, that mercy may have her claims upon them in the day of redemption. Pres. B[righam] Young said he did not feel much like talking here, as they were exposed to eaves dropers. It was then voted that the Marshal should recieve his comission from this council ...

[In Quorum of Twelve meeting minutes talking of the same meeting, Brigham is quoted: "I want their cursed heads to be cut off that they may atone for their sins, that mercy may have her claims upon them in the day of redemption'- He would show them that he was not afraid to take their head but do as you please with them." ]

[John D. Lee diary, 97–98, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Mar 3, 1844

Sunday evening prayer circle of "the quorum"; political meeting accepted Joseph Smith's nomination of his first choice as vice presidential candidate, Mormon James Arlington Bennet; "remarks from a number of the brethren." The female members of the Anointed Quorum apparently attended this meeting without voicing views on its political agenda. [Bennet is later dropped because he was born outside the U.S.]

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Mar 3, 1839

Joseph makes his second escape attempt from Liberty jail by digging through the wall. The tools break before the wall does, but he is pleased because, to fix the wall, he states, "cost the county a round sum."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

60 years ago today - Mar 2, 1959

A First Presidency letter: "A few years ago we authorized a few inter-stake missions to be set up on an experimental basis to carry the Gospel to the Jews." The letter explains that these "specially prepared missionaries" should not "confine their proselyting effort to searching out the Jews only."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

70 years ago today - Mar 2, 1949

[David O. McKay]
At 9:40 this morning Brother Harry Clarke called me by telephone and said he had been disturbed over the Editorial appearing in the Tribune paper Monday morning'Feb. 28. This editorial pertains to the high rate of divorce in Utah. Brother Clark said he felt that the editorial was prejudiced and that inasmuch as the Tribune is the 13th largest newspaper in the U.S. and that 'their editorials are potent,' we should do something about learning the real facts. I said we have no objection to the paper publishing the facts, and that they have the right to comment on anything that is News. ...

[David O. McKay Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Mar 2, 1904

[Andrew Jenson]
Pres[iden]t. [Joseph F.] Smith was put on the stand as the first witness and was kept on all day, both forenoon and afternoon. He was subjected to a most trying ordeal and seemed somewhat confused in giving some of his answers.

[He testifies: "I have never pretended to nor do I profess to have received revelations. I never said that I had a revelation except so far as God has shown me that so-called Mormonism is God's divine truth, that is all."

He also testifies that he is cohabitating with his plural wives and acknowledges that he is in violation of laws of both the church and of the state. Although he is truthful about his own illegal post-manifesto cohabitation he lies under oath about official church involvement in post-manifesto plural marriages. He is following advice he had given to others: "We should consider the interests of the Church rather than our own." He is the first LDS president to testify before congress.]

[Andrew Jenson, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

120 years ago today - Mar 2, 1899 (Thursday)

The mining town of Alta, situated at the head of Little Cottonwood Canyon, was destroyed by a snowslide. No lives were lost; the miners who were in the town took refuge in the mines.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

120 years ago today - Mar 2, 1899

Apostle Rudger Clawson records: "Pres. Snow reported at length what had been done respecting the matter of securing Pres. Cannon's election to Congress. A number of the legislators had been seen, and, while they were not asked to vote for Brother Cannon, the advantages that would arise from doing so were clearly explained to them. Everything, he said, seemed favorable at the present time. There were many difficulties in the way, but the Lord was helping him. He felt that the move was right for the reason, among other things, that our enemies are working for a constitutional amendment against polygamy, and if Pres. Cannon were in Congress, he would doubtless be able to exercise a powerful influence to defeat any such movement." First Counselor Cannon is elected by the state legislature but the U.S. Senate does not allow the polygamist to be seated.

130 years ago today - Mar 2, 1889

Grover Cleveland pardons Charles W. Penrose from arrest for unlawful cohabitation. Penrose is a Democrat and a special emissary of the First Presidency to Washington, D.C. John W. Young, a fellow Democrat and the Twelve's counselor, arranges this.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

140 years ago today - Mar 2, 1879

John Taylor stated:"…Joseph asked the angel which of the sects was right…the angel merely told him to join none of them…"

However, later the same day, he declared that the Father and Son appeared to Joseph:"When the Father and the Son and Moroni and others came to Joseph Smith, he had a priesthood conferred upon him…".

He also states: "I think full, free talk is frequently of great use; we want nothing secret nor underhanded, and I for one want no associations with things that cannot be talked about and will not bear investigation."

["Journal of Discourses", Vol. 20, p.167, 257; A Documented History of Joseph Smith's First Vision, http://beggarsbread.org/2013/04/01/a-documented-history-of-joseph-smiths-first-vision/]

145 years ago today - Mar 2, 1874 (Monday)

In the U.S. House of Representatives Geo. Q. Cannon introduced a bill for admitting Utah into the Union as a State.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - Mar 2, 1874

[Wilford Woodruff]
I visited 500 Head of Church Cattle under the direction of Bishop Sheets the Church had some 1,400 Head of Cattle in Cash valley & they were getting nearly out of Hay & Brother Sheets were moving them South to Eat the tithing Hay to save them.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Mar 2, 1864

DESERET NEWS headline: "GOLD! GOLD! GOLD!-GOLD IN THE MOUNTAINS! GOLD IN THE ROCKS!! GOLD IN THE SANDS!!! GOLD IN THE STREAMS!!!! GOLD IN THE CELLARS!!!!! GOLD IN THE STREETS!!!!!! GOLD IN THE GUTTER!!!!!!! GOLD EVERYWHERE!!!!!!!!" However the accompanying story says: "But stop, we wish the public to know things as they are. In sober earnest and truth, where is all this Gold? We presume, from what we hear, that it is still tolerably plenty in California, very plenty in Washington, Idaho, and Arizona Territories, and there is some in Colorado and Nevada Territories. But so far as Utah is concerned, after sifting all reports up to present date, it is only in the hands of Madam Rumor, who is lavishing her blandishments and loudly blowing her trumpet to deceive the thoughtless into a waste of time and means. "

165 years ago today - Mar 2, 1854

[Wilford Woodruff]
... One spoke in tongues & Brother Covington interpeted it. The following is the substance of it:

That you should not give heed to the medium & spirit rappers that are in the land. For when the Lord sent the Holy Ghost anciently to the servants of God it came in the form of a dove. And when the Holy Ghost came to Abraham while He was bound & about to be slain by the Priest of Elkena He came in the form of a Dove & so when He came to Jesus He came in the form of a Dove. We continued our meeting through evening & had a good time.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]