10 years ago today - Jul 18, 2008

Utah is leading the world in genetic research because of the Utah Population Data Base (UPDB), a unique combination of state vital statistics, other medical profiles and genealogical records from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

[Source: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, United Kingdom, "On This Day," https://www.lds.org.uk/show_oda.php]

55 years ago today - Jul 18, 1963

President David O. McKay is visited by astronaut Edward White. McKay quotes the words to "If You Could Hie To Kolob" to astronaut White. White is so impressed he asks for a copy of the words to take with him to read and study at home.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

115 years ago today - Jul 18, 1903

[Joseph F. Smith Presidency]
In answer to the question, if members of the Church can enter the temple who do not keep the Word of Wisdom, we would say that that is a matter to be judged of by those who issue temple recommends. ...

[Source: Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund to Mrs. S. F. Zimmerman, July 18, 1903, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Jul 18, 1893 (Tuesday)

The Utah Commission adopted a resolution advising that amnestied polygamists be allowed to vote.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

165 years ago today - Jul 18, 1853

The Walker War, a conflict between the Latter-day Saint settlers and local Native Americans, begins near Payson, Utah.

175 years ago today - Jul 18, 1843

Patriarchal Blessing of Sarah Brown given by Hyrum Smith ... you shall be blest in the new & everlasting Covenant [in] Common with your husband, having a right unto the benefits of the Priesthood, which shall be allotted unto you, & signs & tokens of affirmation, that you be not deceived by those that Saith they are apostles, & are not apostles but are liars, & that you be not deceived in the Spirit but shall come forth with the wise & be numbered with the pe[ople] of the Covenant ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

25 years ago today - Jul 17, 1993

Counselor Thomas S. Monson presides at the memorial service for the reinterred bodies of former apostle Abraham Owen Woodruff and his first wife Helen Winters Woodruff. Removed from their original 1904 burial sites in Texas and Mexico, respectively, the couple is buried side-by-side in Salt Lake City. This is the first reinternment of a Mormon leader and wife since that of Joseph and Emma Smith in 1928.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Jul 17, 1978

John Singer marries a second wife, Shirley Black. She moves into his house along with her three children from a previous marriage. Shirley's ex-husband is granted custody of the children which John Singer refuses to allow. Six months later Singer is shot and killed after pointing a gun at police officers trying to serve an arrest warrant.

105 years ago today - Jul 17, 1913

[James E. Talmage]
... Bro[ther]. Talmage reported a visit made by him to the Dream Mine near Spanish Fork [Utah]. ... The shaft has been sunk between 1100 and 1200 feet at a cost of over $100,000. ... It was suggested that he express his findings to Bishop [John H.] Koyle, which he did in the presence of thirty workmen, telling them that if he were making a professional report he would advise those engaging his services not to put a penny into the mine, that from a geological standpoint there was no more promise of finding ore in that mine than there could be in a clay bank.

Bro[ther]. Talmage said he got the Bishop to tell his story as to how he came to open up the mine. He said that eighteen years ago he had a dream, and in his dream he found himself on that hillside, when it was made plain to him that there was a body of ore in that ground. He dreamed it a second time, also a third time, and then he said he was carried in the spirit into the mountain, and went on to describe the different stratas of material that he would strike before striking the ore, and the Bishop thinks now he is very near ore. ... He showed them that by going to the hillside and tunnelling in, they could easily have accomplished at an expenditure of $10,000 what had cost them over $100,000. But the Bishop explained that the shaft was sunk exactly where it had been shown him in his dream. The Bishop also remarked that it was made plain to him that they would have to work for a long period, and that only the faithful and those who remained true to the mine, would reap the benefits. President Smith now drew attention of the Council to what is called the Majestic Gold Mine near Brigham City [Utah], and suggested that Bro[ther]. Talmage and Bro[ther]. Fred J. Pack make it their business to examine that property, as he had reason to believe it was another such thing as the Dream Mine. ...

[Source: James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jul 17, 1893 (Monday)

The Utah Commission, in accordance with Pres. Harrison's amnesty proclamation, ruled that former polygamists, who, since Nov. 1, 1890, had not broken the Edmunds law, were entitled to vote at elections.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jul 17, 1843 - Monday

[Joseph Smith]
4 days- last past in [purgatory[?]] says [Wm]. [Clayton, referring to Emma's reaction to the plural marriage revelation.]

[Source: "President Joseph Smith’s Journal," Journal, 4 vols., Dec. 1842â€"June 1844 (Williard Richards)]

105 years ago today - 105 years ago - Jul 16, 1913

[James E. Talmage]
The purpose of my visit [to Spanish Fork] is to examine the 'Relief Mine,' commonly known as the 'Dream Mine.' Many rumors of this alleged mine have reached me and much has been said concerning supposed inspiration by which the work has been undertaken and prosecuted. ... I found thirty men engaged in the work, each of whom is working for stock in the company, all having faith in the divine direction by which they say the mine was located. ... The shaft penetrates the limestone of the region and is absolutely devoid of any evidence of mineralization in the mining sense of the term. ... I considered it would be well for them to abandon this work and to take themselves to useful and profitable labor. It is astounding to see the great effort they have made in what I believe to be an undertaking directed by the spirit of misguided zeal, which I believe to be the spirit of evil. Work has been in progress here for about 18 years, and on the statement made by the men themselves, the expenditure in labor and money is largely in excess of $100,000.00. ... The whole undertaking appeals to me to be lacking in the ordinary elements of common sense;...

[Source: James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Thursday, Jul 16, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
There was a little informal talk regarding socialism and the United Order. It was remarked by one of the brethren that the claim is made by many socialists that the acceptance of the doctrines of socialism would lead to the introduction of the United Order. It was asserted by one of the brethren that the socialists have many sympathizers among our people.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Jul 16, 1903

President Joseph F. Smith and First Counselor John R. Winder refuse to allow Approved Pattern labels to be used on Z.C.M.I. knitted garments. Garments made by The Salt Lake Knitting Company, of which Joseph F. Smith is president, contain a label saying, "Approved by the Presidency. No knitted garment approved which does not bear this label."

175 years ago today - 175 years ago - Jul 16, 1843. Sunday.

[William Clayton]
P.M. went to the Grove and heard President Joseph preach on the law of the priesthood. He stated that Hyrum held the office of prophet to the church by birthright and he was going to have a reformation and the saints must regard Hyrum for he has authority. He showed that a man must enter into an everlasting covenant with his wife in this world or he will have no claim on her in the next. He said that he could not reveal the fulness of these things untill the Temple is completed &c.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

185 years ago today - 185 years ago - Jul 16, 1833

An "Extra" edition of the Church's EVENING AND MORNING STAR states: "Having learned with extreme regret, that an article entitled, 'Free People of Color,' in the last number of the Star, has been misunderstood, we feel in duty bound to state, in this Extra, that our intention was not only to stop free people of color from emigrating to this state, but to prevent them from being admitted as members of the Church. . . . To be short, we are opposed to having free people of color admitted into the state; and we say, that none will be admitted into the Church; . . ." This "Extra," is printed in the form of a handbill and circulated as promptly as possible.

175 years ago today - Jul 16, 1843

Joseph Smith creates confusion by declaring that he "would not prophesy any more, and proposed Hyrum to hold the office of prophet to the Church, as it was his birthright" as Presiding Patriarch. Stake president and former Nauvoo resident Abraham O. Smoot would tell the Provo School of the Prophets in 1868 that HyrumSmith "used to say [about] prophecy if you hit once in 10 times that is alright." In the same sermon Joseph Smith also "showed that a man must enter into an everlasting covenant with his wife in this world or he will have no claim on her in the next. He said that he could not reveal the fulness of these things untill the Temple is completed &c." The temple was not completed until after Joseph's death.

75 years ago today - Jul 16, 1943

"I had a most pleasant conference with Pres. David O. McKay [second counselor] about various stake matters but particularly about conditions in Wash., D.C., ... It was a pleasure to be in his sweet inspiring presence. He is truly a great man. How I wish we had a man at the head of this great country of his stature and character. I am looking forward to dinner with Pres. McKay and family on July 26th at their home on my way east."

[Source: Ezra Taft Benson diary as quoted in Gary James Bergera, '"This Great Thing Which Has Come to Me a Humble, Weak Farmer Boy": Ezra Taft Benson's 1943 Call to the Apostleship', Mormon Historical Studies (Fall 2008, v.9)]

70 years ago today - Jul 16, 1948

Returning missionaries to be interviewed at stake conferences-- Salt Lake City, Utah.

Returning missionaries will now be interviewed by a General Authority of the Church at Stake Conference in the home stake of the missionary rather than the previous policy of having missionaries report to Church headquarters. Identical but separate letters were sent to Stake Presidents and to Mission Presidents bearing this date. {1948-July 16-Original circular letter, L.D.S. Church Archives,}

[Source: Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

25 years ago today - Jul 15, 1993

INSIDE RADIO reports: "New York's finest summoned to the mailroom [of station WABC] Tuesday morning. Somebody heard a beeping or ticking noise coming from a pouch. Played it safe and called the cops. Actual contents of the package: the latest PSA package from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons). Seems the press kit contained a chip designed to emit an attention-getting signal. It worked."

110 years ago today - Jul 15, 1908; Wednesday

A letter was read from President Serge F. Ballif, stating that he had that day received a telegram from the attorney employed by him at Bern, informing him that the Supreme Court of Switzerland had reversed the decision of the court at Chur, where our elders had been arrested and imprisoned on a charge of preaching immoral doctrine, that is, polygamy and emigration. ...

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

175 years ago today - Jul 15, 1843. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
Made Deed for 1/2 S[team] B[oat] Maid of Iowa from Joseph to Emma. Also a Deed to E[mma] for over 60 city lots... [This was three days after Emma angrily rejected the revelation on plural marriage, and two days after Joseph and Emma came to an agreement after a long, tearful discussion.]

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

185 years ago today - Jul 15, 1833

The vigilance committee of Jackson County residents openly advocates driving the Saints from the county. In a lengthy epistle they charge Mormons with a multitude of offenses, including religious fanaticism, introducing to Missouri the "dregs of that society from which they came lazy, [i]dle and vicious," tampering with slaves, and "enviting free negroes and mulatoes from other States to become Mormons, and remove and settle among us."

175 years ago today - Jul 15, 1843. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
Made Deed for 1/2 S[team] B[oat] Maid of Iowa from Joseph to Emma. Also a Deed to E[mma] for over 60 city lots... [This was three days after Emma angrily rejected the revelation on plural marriage, and a day after Joseph and Emma came to an agreement after a long, tearful discussion.]

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

185 years ago today - 15-Jul 20, 1833

The great haystack, common property of the church, set on fire. During the next few days dissension arose within the church between those who argued that the haystack was God's and He had allowed it to burn, and those who argued that if God couldn't protect his own haystack, what was the use of the members praying to Him for protection? As a consequence, some left the church.

[Source: Exploring Mormonism: The Law of Consecration Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/the-law-of-consecration-timeline/]

60 years ago today - Jul 14, 1958

Apostle Hugh B. Brown formally recommends that the First Presidency not ask Salt Lake City Public Library to remove books on a list. Brown notes: "Many of the books on this list are only mildly critical or objectionable from the Church standpoint." In 1954 the First Presidency assigned Apostle Adam S. Bennion, another well-known liberal within the Twelve, to assess this list of books. He delayed fulfilling the assignment until his death in 1958. Joseph L. Wirthlin of the Presiding Bishopric sent the original 1953 list of books "not favorable to the Church" to the Presidency, "pursuant to your request."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jul 14, 1898; Thursday

Pres[ident]. Cannon was administered to by the brethren, Elder Lyman being mouth. He promised Pres[ident]. Cannon that his life should not be cut short, and that he should be fully restored.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

120 years ago today - Jul 14, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Met at 10 talk was excellent on spiritual matters, what were our ideas on former lives. Bro[ther]. [Francis M.] Lyman said we were always men never had a beginning of existence. So we all think but not quite so pronounced as Bro[ther]. L[yman]. The conversation opened our eyes a little. ...

[Source: Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Friday, Jul 14, 1893

[John Henry Smith]
Prest. Wilford Woodruff said to me today that if he was to be adopted [by] any man aside from his own father that man would be George A. Smith as he was the most fully honest man he ever knew and that he was a virtuous man in every respect.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

155 years ago today - Jul 14, 1863

General Patrick Edward Connor and Federal Indian superintendent James D. Doty meet with the Southern Utes. After the chiefs had expressed some apprehensions, Connor is able to dissuade them from the idea that the army wanted to fight or exterminate them. The Utes had been told this by Mormon leaders.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jul 14, 1843

"4 Apr[il] [18]42 Marinda Johnson [Hyde] to Joseph Smith 1843" {Listed Marriage}. [This is one of two possible dates for this marriage.]

[Source: Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

180 years ago today - Jul 14, 1838

Carroll citizens meet to oppose Mormon settlement at DeWitt [Missouri]. Meetings and threats against Mormons at DeWitt continue throughout the summer.

[Source: LeSueur, Stephen C., The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri, Appendix: Chronology of Events in Missouri, 1838-1839]

175 years ago today - Jul 13, 1843

Joseph Smith writes in his diary: "I was in conversation with Emma most of the day." The previous day Joseph's brother Hyrum had presented Emma with the revelation on plural marriage. Emma "said she did not believe a word of it and appeared very rebellious." On This Day William Clayton records: " This A.M. Joseph sent for me and when I arrived he called me up into his private room with E[mma] and there stated an agreement they had mutually entered into. They both stated their feelings on many subjects and wept considerable. O may the Lord soften her heart that she may be willing to keep and abide by his Holy Law-" Three days later Joseph's diary records that he "preached . . . concerning a mans foes being they of his own house"

120 years ago today - Jul 13, 1898

[Apostle Brigham Young Jr.]
Met at 10 a.m. Still we are talking on financial matters and the burden of it is Presidency should trust the Twelve just as I have felt all the time. 2 p.m. Our talk was on love for each other and our determination to sustain the presidency but we do desire them to be a .

[Source: Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

60 years ago today - Jul 13, 1958

[J. Reuben Clark]
Came in from Grantsville. Had lunch'felt bum'Called Dr. Reiser who came in late. Went over me thoroughly. Have "summer flu." A bit of water in lower lungs Gave me penecillin'double dose'Some swelling in feet. He telephoned his father that there was nothing serious. I had a temp. of 100 . Heart "fluttery." (a little worse "missing" than usual). Gave me something to eliminate water.

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

175 years ago today - Jul 13, 1843

Joseph Smith writes in his diary: "I was in conversation with Emma most of the day." The previous day Joseph's brother Hyrum had presented Emma with the revelation on plural marriage. Emma "said she did not believe a word of it and appeared very rebellious." On This Day William Clayton records: " This A.M. Joseph sent for me and when I arrived he called me up into his private room with E[mma] and there stated an agreement they had mutually entered into. Property held by Joseph is deeded into Emma's name. They both stated their feelings on many subjects and wept considerable. O may the Lord soften her heart that she may be willing to keep and abide by his Holy Law-" Three days later Joseph's diary records that he "preached . . . concerning a mans foes being they of his own house"

185 years ago today - 1833 July [13]

The July issue of the Evening and Morning Star contains a controversial article by W. W. Phelps quoting Missouri state law and constitution regarding freed blacks entering the state and freedom of religion.

--

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

15 years ago today - Jul 12, 2003

The SALT LAKE TRIBUNE reports, "Utah ranks among worst in forcible rape-The report and rankings from the Charleston, S.C.-based National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center put Utah No. 1 in the continental United States for its estimated percentage of rape victims - 20.6 percent of the state's adult female population-.The only state ahead of Utah was Alaska, where 20.9 percent of the state's female population are estimated to have been rape victims, according to the rankings."

40 years ago today - Jul 12, 1978

Elaine Anderson Cannon is called as the eighth general president of the Young Women, with Arlene Barlow Darger and Norma Broadbent Smith as counselors.

125 years ago today - Jul 12, 1893

[Heber J. Grant]
[Letter from Joseph F. Smith:] For the first time, this month the Church could not pay its employees, not the Presidency and Twelve. Well do not think I have lost hope'for I have not. I believe that Providence has something better in store for us than bankruptcy and ruin, but it will be a close shave in my opinion. May the Lord help us!

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jul 12, 1898

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Meeting of Twelve at 10 a.m. at Temple. Pres[ident] [Lorenzo] Snow opened with stormy refference to our financial Condition. Others followed in same line. Pres[ident]. [George Q.] Cannon is feeble but he will not trust the Twelve in financial matters. Bro[ther]. [Abraham] Owen Woodruff asked the Quorum to take action in behalf of his father that his name might not rest under this load of in-debtedness of which he was innocent.

While we all bel[ie]ve in the integrity of Pres[ident]. Geo[rge] Q. Cannon still we bel[ie]ve that he has nearly ruined the credit of the church with schemes which have failed, and the responsibility rest upon Pres[ident]. [Wilford] W[oodruff]. Poor man, his faith is unbounded in Bro[ther]. Cannon, but we now find ourselves with a very aged man at the head and a badly paralyzed man to arrange all his public affairs. ... Now it seems to me that the saf[e]ty of his own health and the welfare of the church demanded his complete isolation from all business cares and a strong hand to guide church business considering Pres[ident]. Woodruff's enfeebled condition. The Twelve should now enter fully into the councils of the First Presidency It has been delayed too long and now necessity demands that, this reform be inaugerated.

[Source: Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jul 12, 1893

[Apostle, and Logan Temple president Marriner W. Merrill]
At a Quorum meeting in the Salt Lake Temple today President Woodruff and President Joseph F. Smith, after Temple ordinance matters were discussed, ruled that the Endowment House and St. George Temple practices should prevail in all the Temples, viz., that those persons, male or female, who had not been sealed for themselves could represent the dead in being sealed for them. I demurred against the ruling as I do not think it right, but will adopt it in the Logan Temple on the responsibility of the Presidency. It was moved by President Joseph F. Smith and carried unanimously that Lorenzo Snow and M. W. Merrill, Presidents of the Salt Lake and Logan Temples, should be the judges and decide whether women in the Church having husbands deceased out of the Church should be sealed to said husbands.

[Source: Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - July 12th 1843

D&C 132 repeatedly conferred divine immunity upon Joseph Smith for any "sin" or "transgression" he had committed in the past regarding other women. The document simply mentioned them as "all those that have been given unto my servant Joseph" (D&C 132: 52), but repeatedly introduced these unnamed women within the context of "wives and concubines" (D&C 132: 1, 37, 38, 39). The revelation also conferred divine immunity from sin, transgression, or earthly condemnation for anything Joseph Smith might do with other women after July 12th 1843. ...

[Source: "Evidence For The Sexual Side of Joseph Smith's Polygamy," Comments by D. Michael Quinn on Session #2A "Reconsidering Joseph Smith's Marital Practices," Mormon History Association's Annual Conference, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 29 June 2012 (unabbreviated version, revised during July)]

175 years ago today - Jul 12, 1843, Wednesday

[William Clayton]
On the morning of the 12th of July, 1843, Joseph and Hyrum Smith came into the office in the upper story of the `brick store,' on the bank of the Mississippi River. They were talking on the subject of plural marriage. Hyrum said to Joseph, ``If you will write the revelation on celestial marriage, I will take it to Emma, and I believe I can convince her of its truth, and you will hereafter have peace.'' Joseph smiled and remarked, ``You do not know Emma as well as I do.'' Hyrum repeated his opinion and further remarked, ``The doctrine is so plain, I can convince any reasonable man or woman of its truth, purity or heavenly origin,'' or words to their effect. Joseph then said, ``Well, I will write the revelation and we will see.'' He then requested me to get paper and prepare to write. Hyrum very urgently requested Joseph to write the revelation by means of the Urim and Thummim, but Joseph, in reply, said he did not need to, for he knew the revelation perfectly from beginning to end. ...

Hyrum then took the revelation to read to Emma. Joseph remained with me in the office until Hyrum returned. When he came back, Joseph asked him how he had succeeded. Hyrum replied that he had never received a more severe talking to in his life, that Emma was very bitter and full of resentment and anger.

Joseph quietly remarked, ``I told you you did not know Emma as well as I did'' ... [additional copies of the revelation are made] ... Two or three days after the revelation was written Joseph related to me and several others that Emma has so teased, and urgently entreated him for the privilege of destroying it, that he became so weary of her teasing, and to get rid of her annoyance, he told her she might destroy it and she had done so, but he had consented to her wish in this matter to pacify her, realizing that he knew the revelation perfectly, and could rewrite it at any time if necessary. ...

After the revelation on celestial marriage was written, Joseph continued his instructions, privately, on the doctrine, to myself and others, and during the last year of his life we were scarcely ever together, alone, but he was talking on the subject, and explaining that doctrine and principles connected with it. He appeared to enjoy great liberty and freedom in his teachings, and also to find great relief in having a few to whom he could unbosom his feelings on that great and glorious subject.

[Source: Fillerup, Robert C., compiler; William Clayton Nauvoo Diaries and Personal Writings, A chronological compilation of the personal writings of William Clayton while he was a resident of Nauvoo, Illinois. http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/clayton-diaries]

130 years ago today - Jul 11, 1888

Patriarchal Blessing of Theodore Martineau given by William McBride ... Evil spirits shall flee from before thee, and thou shalt cause springs to break forth from the desert if it be necessary to quench the thirst of the house of Israel; and rivers shall be turned out of their courses an[d] will lead them over dry shod.

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

130 years ago today - Jul 11, 1888

Patriarchal Blessing of George Albert Martineau given by William McBride ... thou shalt be a mighty instrument in the hands of the Almighty in restoring peace to the earth and turning the government into the hands of the just: for unto this end wast thou born ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

130 years ago today - Jul 11, 1888

Patriarchal Blessing of Dora Martineau given by William McBride ... for thou art of the blood of Ephraim, who is the first born, according to the priesthood which belongeth to thee according to thy sex. Thou shalt do much in blessing and comforting thy father's house, in bringing about the salvation and exaltation of the same. ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

195 years ago today - Jul 11, 1823

An opposition faction of the First Baptist Church of Pittsburg excludes Pastor Sidney Rigdon for teaching heresies. Three months later Ridgon is released as pastor.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

10 years ago today - 7/10/2008

[Proposition 8]
Letter about "raising as much money as we can in July" read in [Relief Society] and [Priesthood] meetings in California: "President Monson has asked that we, as members of the church in California, do all we can to support the California Protection of Marriage initiative on the November ballot. He has asked our Stake President to recruit one couple from each ward to assist in this endeavor." "We have been given permission to use the Ward list and to spread literature at church, but we cannot collect money on church property. However, we have been told that we can collect money at a church function that is not at the building." "We can accept checks or credit cards only - no cash contributions. Checks should be made payable to "ProtectMarriage.com" and more information can be obtained at the www.protectmarriage.com website."

[Source: Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

40 years ago today - Jul 10, 1978-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
Ron [Walker of the church history department] said that Elder Hinckley could be a good champion for us [church historians] if he finally came to know us. He is the only one of the brethren, he said, who has a listed phone number. Because of that he receives many crank calls but feels he needs to do it. He feels at least one of the brethren should have a listed number so that people can find someone to "tell off" or to express their feelings to. This says a lot about Elder Hinckley. Ron said that he thought he told Brother Hinckley that he would like to chat with him for a half hour about some of the problems we face in writing history. "We just can't write the way the brethren used to write fifty years ago. We just have to be more honest."

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jul 10, 1978

PEOPLE magazine runs a three-page article: "A feminist studies Mormon polygamy and, remarkably, finds that it liberated the wives." Dr. Vicky Burgess-Olson was quoted as saying that of the 341 Mormon women she studied between 1847 and 1885, most (54%) had fulltime jobs outside the home. "When the husbands were away visiting other wives in other houses, the wives they left behind ran farms, ranches or silkworm operations. . . . If the families shared the same house, the women had different assignments and could do what they liked best."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Jul 10, 1883 â␦¢ Tuesday

[George Q. Cannon]
A most shocking affair occurred this afternoon about 4 oclock. David P. Rich, a son of Brother Charles C. Rich, and Rudolph Smith (as he is called, an adopted son of Judge Elias Smith) entered Zions Savings Bank and with an iron rod struck the cashier, Bro. B. H. Shettler over the head and stunned him after which they stole some money and escaped. David P. Rich struck the blow, and had he struck Brother Shettler further back the blow would have killed him. As it was the rod glanced over the forehead inflicting a wound nearly to his eyebrows. There has been no crime committed in this city for a long time which has created the excitement that this has in consequence of the inoffensive character of Bro. Shettler and the daring nature of the attack and also because of the parties implicated, both being connected with two of our most respectable families. They with other young men have been drinking for some time.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

135 years ago today - Jul 10, 1883

Joseph Smith III writes to an apostle of the RLDS church: "I have been ambitious of but one thing, so far as human ambition is concerned, and that was to prove by the logic of conduct that my father [Joseph Smith] was not a bad man." Joseph Smith III had been trying to prove that it was Brigham Young and not Joseph Smith who had introduced the practice of polygamy.

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Jul 10, 1853

Apostle Parley P. Pratt preaches: "If we have no one new principle in our religion, why are we considered innovators, and opposed to Christianity? And why is Christianity in the world in danger if 'Mormonism' prevails? It is because that floating Christianity, called so by the world, is a spurious one; they have departed from the doctrine of the Apostles. Then, I ask again, why say, 'If Mormonism prevails Christianity is in danger?' for if it is a false Christianity, the quicker it falls the better."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Jul 10, 1843

Heber C. Kimball writes in a letter to his wife and daughter, Helen: "Let us seek to be true to our integrity, wherever we shall make vows or covenants with each other. Then we have got in that narrow way that leads to eternal life. Now let us be careful that we do not make a breach, but let us learn by the things that we see others suffer, and not have to pass through them ourselves. . . . Now, Helen, study to be a comfort to all who are connected to us by the ties of nature, . . ." Two months previously fourteen-year-old Helen had become a plural wife of Joseph Smith

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

180 years ago today - Jul 10, 1838

Joseph visits Adam-ondi-Ahman with several others. When the Saints are slow to consecrate their lands to the Church, he proposes an alternate plan wherein the Church would lease the property from 10 to 99 years without interest.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - about Jul 10, 1833

Kirtland, Ohio. Joseph Smith clarified to the Saints that the -"hot drinks-" spoken of in the Word of Wisdom included tea and coffee.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

15 years ago today - 15 years ago - Jul 9, 2003

The Apia Samoa Temple was destroyed by fire, marking the first time in Church history an operational temple has burned. The First Presidency announced July 16 that the temple would be rebuilt.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

55 years ago today - 55 years ago - Jul 9, 1963

Joseph Fielding Smith, president of the Quorum of the Twelve, openly criticizes "the spending proclivities of President [Henry D.] Moyle, also concerning the unorthodox way with which youngsters had been baptized in the Church. . . ." This last part refers to the "kiddie-dip" program in which missionaries baptize children as part of initiation onto a sports team.

65 years ago today - 65 years ago - 9 July 1953

The Church announces the organization of the United Church School System (the forerunner to the Church Educational System), with Ernest L. Wilkinson as administrator.

[Source: LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Thursday, Jul 9, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
Pres. [Joseph F.] Smith spoke at some length of the practice among our people of playing cards. If it could be said that there is nothing wicked in a game of cards, it could also be said that there is nothing good in it, and it was a practice that might easily lead to evil. What surprised him most was that some of our prominent brethren engage in this pastime and defend it in public talk. He referred to one of the Seven Presidents of Seventies [B. H. Roberts], who advocated it as a means of keeping his children at home. Brother Smith said that he was opposed to card playing, which to say the least is a great waste of time. He knew a bright young brother who believed in cards, and from time to time, while engaged in the festive game, indulged in the use of beer, and from beer went to wine, then to strong drink, and then to jail. His downfall could properly be attributed to the practice of playing cards. ... He wanted to know how the brethren felt in regard to this subject. Pres. Lund thought card playing in our homes a very dangerous thing. It often times led to gambling. There was less objection in his opinion to a game of checkers or chess. ...

Elder Clawson ... In speaking of checkers said that many years ago he became so infatuated with the game that he sometimes sat playing until two and three o'clock in the morning to the injury of his health. There were also other evils. Said that he had been informed that a member of the general board of the Y.M.M.I.A. had installed a billiard table in his home, thus affording young men who go there an opportunity to learn how to play, which might lead later to saloon playing and saloon drinking. With such examples at the head, it is difficult to correct these evils in the church. ...

Elder Cowley felt that card playing is not in harmony with the spirit of the gospel. He also pointed out some evils connected [with] the social clubs among the women of this city. He said that we have been warned in the scriptures to "beware of the leaven of the gentiles" [cf. Matthew 16:6] and would do well to heed the counsel.

Elder M. W. Merrill said ... He could count on his fingers half a dozen families who had been ruined by card playing. He was opposed to the practice.

Elder Teasdale was opposed to card playing. In early life he was somewhat given to chess playing, but it worked upon his nervous system to that extent that he thought it wise to desist.

... Elder Clawson moved that it be the sense of the council that we discourage the practice of card playing in our homes, among our kinfolk, and among the Latter-day Saints generally. Carried by unanimous vote. ...

In speaking of the moral status of the world, Elder Clawson spoke of a statement made by Prof. [John M.] Mills, just returned from attendance at the University of Chicago, to the effect that it was claimed, if not actually conceded, that 85% of the students of the institution of learning consort with fast women. He further stated that one of the professors in addressing about two hundred of the students surmised that they had all indulged in intercourse with women, but if not he would advise them do so at the earliest opportunity. The only further advice he had to offer in the matter was that they go to a first-class house and thus guard against loathsome diseases. A young man at the university, who is studying for the ministry, admitted to his fellow student that he had refrained from illicit intercourse with women for three weeks but could stand it no longer.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Jul 9, 1903

The First Presidency and Twelve agree that it would be "a disastrous thing for the country, should the time ever come when Senators would be elected by popular vote. The popular vote is a very uncertain quantity." Their primary concern is preserving the hierarchy's influence on senatorial elections by Utah's legislature. The amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1913 requires that U.S. Senators be elected directly by U.S. citizens, but by that time Apostle Reed Smoot is in his second term as U.S. senator.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - Jul 9, 1883

[A letter to the Bishops of the Church setting them straight on their lack of authority over Relief Society wheat and its disposition.] ... "No Bishop has any right, because of his authority as a presiding officer in the ward, to take possession of this grain. It belongs to the [relief] societies who have collected it, and it is their province to dispose of it for the purpose for which it has been collected, and it should not be appropriated or disposed of by any Bishop for any other object. JOHN TAYLOR, GEORGE Q. CANNON, JOSEPH F. SMITH,

[Source: "To the Bishops of Wards" First Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. {1883-July 9-Woman's Exponent 12:4, p. 28 (July 15, 1883)} in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

175 years ago today - Jul 9, 1843

[Joseph Smith]
"Why is it this babler gains so many followers and retains them?" because I possess the principle of love. All I can offer the world [is] a good heart and a good hand. Mormons can testify whether I am willing to lay down my life for a Mormon. If it has been demostrated that I have been willing to die for a Mormon, I am bold to declare /before heaven/ that I am just as ready to die for a Presbyterian, a Baptist, or any other denomination. It is a love of liberty which inspires my soul. Civil and religious liberty were diffused into my soul by my grandfathers while they dandled me on their knees and shall I want friends? No!

"Where in do you differ from other[s] in your religion views?" In reality and essence we do not differ so far in our religious views but that we could all drink into [from] one principle of love. One [of] the grand fundamental principles of Mormonism is to receive truth. Let it come from where it may.

[Source: Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

60 years ago today - Jul 8, 1958

Hugh B. Brown was invited to give the keynote address at the Utah Democratic state nominating convention. He met with McKay and "asked if it would be in keeping with the policy of the Church and his office as an Apostle to accept the invitation." McKay responded: "Since some think we are one-sided in politics (having a member of the Twelve as Secretary of Agriculture during a Republican administration) it might be a good thing for him to accept this assignment and let the members of the Church know that both political sides are represented in the Church."

[Source: David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

155 years ago today - Jul 8, 1863

[Brigham Young]
We believe in God the Father and in Jesus Christ our elder brother. We believe that God is a person of tabernacle, possessing in an infinitely higher degree all the perfections and qualifications of his mortal children. We believe that he made Adam after his own image and likeness, as Moses testifies; and in this belief we differ from the professedly Christian world, who declare that '"His center is everywhere, but his circumference is nowhere.'" Their God has no body nor parts; our God possesses a body and parts, and was heard by Adam and Eve '"Walking in the garden in the cool of the day.'"

[Source: Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:229-232; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

180 years ago today - Jul 8, 1838

D&C 118 (Far West): John Taylor, John E. Page, Wilford Woodruff, Willard Richards to replace apostles John F. Boynton , Luke and Lyman Johnson, and William E. McLellin, who had been excommunicated in 1837. The Twelve are to depart for England on April 26, 1839 from the temple site.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

180 years ago today - Jul 8, 1838

Joseph Smith records the revelation (in Section 119 of the Doctrine and Covenants) that formally institutes the law of tithing among Latter-day Saints. Church members are instructed to pay "one-tenth of all their interest annually," with the stipulation that "this shall be a standing law unto them forever." The revelation also instructs that all tithing shall be put "into the hands of the bishop of my church in Zion."

A second revelation (in Section 120 of the Doctrine and Covenants) recorded the same day creates the Council on the Disposition of the Tithes to oversee the management of funds and property accrued from tithing.

[Source: http://www.heraldextra.com/content/view/282148/]

205 years ago today - Jul 8, 1813

Joseph Smith's sister Katharine is born at Lebanon, New Hampshire.

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

60 years ago today - Jul 7, 1958

Barton Kay Kirkham is executed for double murder in Utah. Before his execution he writes in a letter: "The Doctors said I felt justified when I killed those people and they are right. I did. It was revenge I was after. The love that I was denied because my parents spent so much time doing church work and they still do, and forcing me to stay home and lead the life they wanted me to live. I got my revenge and I am not sorry now and never will be-. I've had enough of it, I want to die. I'm fed up with it all. I did kill those people to hurt my parents and their good standing in the church."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

10 years ago today - July 7

Mormon Gary Lawrence, the California "LDS Grassroots Director" for Prop 8 and father of a gay son, writes in the online LDS oriented Meridian Magazine and compares opponents of Proposition 8 to those who sided with Lucifer against Jesus in a pre-mortal battle that is part of Mormon doctrine. His son later resigns from the church.

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

40 years ago today - Jul 7, 1978-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
... When they were doing the Nibley book they gave it the title "The Nibley Legacy." The book had already been printed and was in galley proofs. The title had been put on the cover and on the spine and dust jacket, and Truman went with it to Nibley. Nibley hit the ceiling. Absolutely refused to have that title. He and Truman each thought of an alternative title after a wait of a few days, and Truman discovered that to change to another title would cost $1,140. Truman went to Nibley and said, "It will cost $1,140 to change it. Why don't we leave it the way it is?" "Absolutely not," said Nibley. "I insist that it be changed." Truman: "Does a change in title mean that much to you?" Nibley: "No, it is just that royalties mean that little!" There are no royalties on any of the five books in the series.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jul 7, 1978

NEW YORK DAILY WORLD prints an article about the previous month's LDS announcement granting Blacks the priesthood: "Scrapping a 148-Year Old Racist Tradition."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

45 years ago today - Jul 7, 1973-Saturday

[Leonard Arrington]
Clare [Middlemiss, secretary to David O. McKay] was so protective of President McKay that she even went so far as to prevent certain members of the Quorum of the Twelve from seeing him or having access to him, permitting it however to others. ... My friend says Clare told him that she was fired the day after President McKay's funeral, and was very bitter about it. Bitter especially against Presidents [Harold B.] Lee and [N. Eldon] Tanner. She says she left, in the vault in the basement just below her office, 80 volumes of President McKay's diary, all annotated, indexed, etc., and 130 scrapbooks of clippings, also indexed and annotated. Presumably they are still in the vault.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

60 years ago today - Jul 7, 1958

Ernest L. Wilkinson, Brigham Young University's president, wrote that Benson "espouse's certain principles which are utterly inconsistent with the feeling of the Brethren."

[Source: Wilkinson Diary, 7 July 1958. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

115 years ago today - Tuesday, Jul 7, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
Spoke of the feelings of bitterness that have been aroused among the Swedish people of the church. It had been a question in his mind whether it was good policy to encourage a spirit of nationalism among the people of God. It seems to beget a spirit of clannishness, and there is some danger of these various nationalities - namely, the Danish, Swedes, Germans, and Swiss - breaking up into factions. It is certainly a matter that should receive careful and serious consideration.

Elder Hy. M. Smith followed. ... Many of the employees of Z.C.M.I. are non-Mormons, and many of the [Mormon] employees are weak in the faith. Deprecated the spirit of faultfinding against the priesthood, which he has met in the church. Considerable fault had been found with Pres. Smith, his father, because of his remarks at the last conference in reference to lawyers, which remarks were misunderstood. Desired to see the spirit of union among the saints.

Elder Clawson ... Said that the practice of self-abuse existed to an alarming extent among the boys in our community who attend the district schools, and also, he doubted not, the church schools. He felt that the boys and girls should be properly instructed in regard to this evil. The matter could be mentioned to good advantage at our priesthood meetings.

Elder Abraham O. Woodruff felt that this question of national lines among our people [was] very important. He had noticed that the saints in the German organization were drifting into a spirit of indifference. The matter needs looking into. ...

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

125 years ago today - Jul 7, 1893

First Counselor George Q. Cannon sends a telegram from England to Salt Lake City with the single word "UNSUCCESSFUL" for the message. Cannon had met with Baron Rothschild, his brothers, and other leading financiers in search of a long term loan for the Church, but the prevailing American panic and the European ignorance of Utah affairs made a loan impossible. After reading the telegram Apostle Francis M Lyman writes: "This word is very discouraging. Money matters are very tight, banks and mercantile institutions are going broke on every hand." In Provo, Utah Apostles John Henry Smith and Brigham Young Jr. assist a stake high Counsel in deciding the Case of Williams Vs. Jones. Apostle Smith writes "It was decided that S.S. Jones pay Williams $700.00 in full of all accounts."

140 years ago today - Jul 7, 1878

Apostle Joseph F. Smith preaches from the Tabernacle pulpit: "Some people have supposed that the doctrine of plural marriage was a sort of superfluity, or non-essential to the salvation or exaltation of mankind. In other words, some of the Saints have said, and believe, that a man with one wife, sealed to him by the authority of the Priesthood for time and eternity, will receive an exaltation as great and glorious, if he is faithful, as he possibly could with more than one. I want here to enter my solemn protest against this idea, for I know it is false. . . . Therefore, whoever has imagined that he could obtain the fullness of the blessings pertaining to this celestial law, by complying with only a portion of its conditions, has deceived himself. He cannot do it."

[Source: Journal of Discourses, Vol.20, p.31, Joseph F. Smith]

155 years ago today - Jul 7, 1863

I [Wilford Woodruff] walked through the [Salt Lake] Temple Block with President Young. He gave his views of the Temple in Jackson County M[iss]o[uri] According to his view at present it will be composed of 12 Twelve Temples ['] a tower upon Each than a main high Tower in the center & in the centre of the Square would be a place for the people to meet & a dore through the wall of Each Temple so that those at work in the Temple could go through the door of any one of the Temples & meet with the congregation ['] He spoke of having gardens gardens on the top of the Towers with fruit & flowers growing thereon.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff, Historian's Private Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

190 years ago today - ca. Jul 7, 1828

Joseph goes to Manchester and learns that Martin Harris has lost the 116 transcribed pages. The Urim and Thummim are taken from him but returned a few days later. Joseph receives two chastising revelations (D&C 3 and D&C 10; the latter is dated as late summer 1828 in HC and as May 1829 in the Book of Commandments).

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, Editor, Lucy's Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith's Family Memoir, 2001, Signature Books, http://bit.ly/lucys-book]

70 years ago today - Jul 6, 1948

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
... President George Albert Smith asked us to come over to his home ... The purpose of this request was that certain questions on Church history had arisen in a discussion with members of President Smith's family and members of the Prophet's family who are not in the Church, but bitterly opposed to it. My presence was desired in order to consider some of the questions. We were there until 10 p.m. ...

[Source: Joseph Fielding Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

180 years ago today - July 6-Oct 4, 1838

[Exodus from Kirtland]
The Kirtland Camp of Saints travels from Kirtland to Adam-ondi-Ahman, Mo. On March 6, 1838, a meeting of the seventies in the Kirtland Temple had decided to move the Saints from Kirtland to Missouri. On July 6, 1838, a wagon train, over a mile long with over 500 Saints, leaves Kirtland for Missouri. Because of great suffering and discouragement, by the time the group reaches Springfield, Ill., about halfway, only 260 are left. They reach Adam-ondi-Ahman on October 4, 1838.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

40 years ago today - Jul 5, 1978-Wednesday

[Leonard Arrington]
This afternoon Paul Anderson came into the office to talk some other business and said he would be glad to share with me what he and [wife] Lavina had heard about the revelation of June 9. Lavina had heard it from Jay Todd. Jay Todd had heard it from Joseph Fielding McConkie and Oscar McConkie, both of whom had talked with Jay by telephone shortly after they had heard Bruce McConkie tell about it at a family reunion. ...

For several months the Twelve and the First Presidency have discussed the problems created by the denial of the Priesthood to blacks. Three persons were appointed to prepare memoranda on the subject: Bruce McConkie, Boyd Packer, and Thomas Monson. They had discussed these matters as a quorum and in smaller committee groups. And President Kimball and the First Presidency had prayed earnestly about this matter-for several months. He (they) had received no direction on the matter. On June 1, President K. had asked the Twelve to remain in the temple with the First Presidency. President K. then told them that, while he had not received direction on the matter, he felt impressed that they must pray this day and that the answer would come this day. Whereupon President Kimball led them in prayer.

President Kimball asked for a manifestation of the Lord's will on this matter. During the prayer, the Brethren felt the spirit of Pentecost. There was felt (by some at least) the rushing of winds and the burning of fire. The Prophet Joseph Smith appeared. He showed them what must come to pass. He gave them a vision of events to come, of problems and their solutions and consequences. The giving of the Priesthood to the blacks was only one aspect of the understanding they were given. There were other personages present, but whether they were recognized was not mentioned by Elder McConkie. At least they played no important role in the communication which took place.

... In one of the meetings at which the giving of the priesthood to the blacks was discussed by the Quorum of the Twelve in a preliminary way, Elder McConkie felt impressed to intervene in the discussion and speak, out of turn. In this he was inspired to discuss the last days, to review the scriptures which told of the Second Coming, and to say that the priesthood must be granted to the Negro before the Second Coming. He said it must be done in preparation.

Two other members of the Twelve arose, out of turn, to give their own feeling about the necessity of giving the Priesthood to the Negro at this time. Elder McConkie, finally, is the person telling of the pentecostal spirit on June 1. Is it possible that only he felt the rushing of wind and the fire? Is it possible that only he saw the Prophet Joseph Smith? Is it possible that only he saw the vision which was presented by the Prophet? Elder McConkie, Elder Packer, and President [Marion G.] Romney have been appointed to discuss the revelation in October conference, this fall. The story, as it was told to me, has one other aspect, and this may arise from confusion or it may be based on fact. This is that when the First Presidency were earnestly praying, one day prior to June 1, they were visited, in turn, by each of the previous presidents as witnesses that they approved the measures about to be taken. The trouble with this story is that it suggests that the decision was tentative before June 1-a fact that all stories deny. Second, it may confuse the visitations of June 1. Third, it may be based on the fact that researchers had been going over carefully the statements of previous prophets and that this labor may have involved "visiting" with them, and embellished by tellers. ...

Max Caldwell was a professor in the Institute of Religion at Logan teaching courtship and marriage, classes in marriage counseling, and so on. He also served as a counselor to President Charles Hyde of North Cache stake. He made a talk at a stake conference session and said that as he came into the building that day he had a personal revelation that he should tell the people that it was completely wrong to use any form of birth control except abstinence. Even in case of rape, even in case of the probability of a malformed child. These spirits needed those bodies even if they were incorrectly formed. There should be no sexual intercourse except with birth as the intention and end result. ...

Many couples in the stake were upset since this represented something different than the teachings of President [Spencer W.] Kimball and in particular of President [David O.] McKay. ...

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

145 years ago today - Jul 5, 1873 (Saturday)

Zion's Savings' Bank and Trust Company was organized; Brigham Young, president.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

170 years ago today - Jul 5, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]
During the evening A hard thunder Storm was Approaching us. My Mules were tied to A large oak tree on the opposite side of the street. I felt impressed to move my Mules away to another place. I did so. I also removed my Children out of the carriage & made them a bed in the house. I also moved my Carriage one rod down to the house in which Mrs Woodruff myself & one child slept. We had Just retired to bed when the storm reached us with great fury. In A moment the large oak tree came thundering to the ground with A mighty crash. Had I not have moved my Mules it probably would have killed them. Had I not have moved my Carriage it would have crushed it to atoms And killed us dead for the body of the tree fell whare my Carriage stood & Just missed Br Kingleys waggon. I Considerd it an interposition of Providence to save our lives.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jul 5, 1843

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
"An Ordinance Concerning Bathing and Swimming" -- Daniel H. Wells -- People must not bathe in public sight within city limits.

[Source: http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

70 years ago today - 70 years ago - Jul 4, 1948

The Church News refers to three significant developments in LDS missionary work. First, the report of success of two missionaries "tracting without purse or scrip" in Texas-Louisiana Mission. This practice is newsworthy because it has become so rare and is later prohibited by LDS headquarters. Second, E. Hyde Dunn, age nineteen, has left for a special mission in which he volunteers to be a construction missionary in Tonga. His voluntarism inspires headquarters to adopt this as a regular program for the South Pacific. Third, a report that missionary Richard L. Anderson's teaching "plan" is now in use by all missionaries of the Northwestern States Mission. The fourteen-lesson "Anderson Plan" is soon adopted by many LDS missions as a non-memorized outline for teaching investigators. Anderson later becomes a distinguished professor of religion at BYU.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - 130 years ago - Jul 4, 1888

First joint celebration of Independence Day by prominent Mormons and anti-Mormons. Presided over by non-LDS governor Caleb W. West, the ceremonies have LDS participation by Arthur Stayner, Orson F. Whitney, and James E. Talmage, with anti-polygamy leaders: Judge Charles S. Zane, Judge Goodwin, and Commissioner Norrell.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

135 years ago today - 135 years ago - Jul 4, 1883 â␦¢ Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
President Taylor desired myself and Bro. Wells to accompany him this morning to Camp Douglas to make apology for not being present at the celebration at that place, for which General McCook, commanding officer, had made extensive preparations, and written an invitation to President Taylor to attend. ... We were treated with great respect at the Camp. Several bottles of wine were opened with which we wet our lips and drank the General's health.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - 145 years ago - Jul 4, 1873

First Mormon Tabernacle Choir concert presented in the Tabernacle.

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

150 years ago today - Jul 4, 1868 (Afternoon)

Elder O. Pratt made full confession before the School of his error in opposing doctrines revealed [Brigham Young's Adam-God doctrine];...he asked forgiveness of Prest. Young, of the Twelve and of the whole School. Prest. Young expressed his satisfaction with Elder Pratt's confession & preached in relation to Adam &c. &c. -- Salt Lake City

[Source: Historians Office Journal, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM.; Journal History of the Church, Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 2 (2002), in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jul 4, 1843

Wilford Woodruff writes in his diary: "As the Romans took particular notice of any singular event as ominous of good or evil so I will record a sma11 circumstance that took place in my house this morning. Soon after I arose in the morning on this 4th Day of Jul my Sword while hanging in its usual place unsheathed of itself & the scabbard droped upon the floor leaving the bear blade suspended from the peg upon which it hung."

180 years ago today - Jul 4, 1838

In the Jul issue of the Elder's Journal, the prophet writes: "But we do not believe in setting the Negroes free."

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - (Wed) Jul 4, 1838

Sidney Rigdon, in his infamous public speech, threatened a "war of extermination" upon the non-Mormon Missourians, saying: "...that mob that comes in us to disturb us, it shall be between us and them a war of extermination; for we will follow them til the last drop of their blood is spilled, or else they will have to exterminate us; for we will cary the seat of war to their own houses and their own families, and one party or the other shall be utterly destroyed..." After Rigdon ended this speech, Joseph Smith shouted "Hosannah!" [This would later become known as the "Mormon Declaration of Independence".]

The cornerstones were laid for Mormon Temple at Far West. Smith said that a divine manifestation informed him that the building of the structure would be underway within a year, and that it must be completed quickly. It wasn't.

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

190 years ago today - Jul 4, 1828

The 'Convention of Seceding Masons' (LeRoy New York), describes a Royal Arch Degree ritual of retrieving lost artifacts from the Ark of the Covenant found beneth the temple. Included are "the book of the law ... Long lost, now found, Holiness to the Lord;" and Aaron's rod [see D&C 8]

[Source: Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

10 years ago today - 7/3/2008

Newport Beach stake "talking points" circulate [regarding fighting against Proposition 8 (same sex marriage)], telling members to familiarize themselves with, among other things, the Proclamation on the Family, the 1P letter and scriptures to better understand doctrines and principles of marriage and family.

[Source: Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

100 years ago today - Jul 3, 1918

[Heber J. Grant]
At 10 attended meeting of the Presidency and Apostles in the Temple. This morning, before going to the Temple, Joseph F. Smith, Jr., David O. McKay, and I called on President Lund and Penrose, and stated to them that we understood that Brother Hyrum G. Smith, the Presiding Patriarch, held the idea that he was, in case of the death of President Smith, the presiding authority in the Church. We announced to the brethren that all of the Council of the Twelve differed with Brother Hyrum G., and we did not care to have any controversy with him at all over a matter of this kind. I read to the brethren a letter written to me by the President Wilford Woodruff, dated at St. George March 28, 1887, bearing upon this subject, and announcing that without a direct revelation from the Lord, who had organized the Church of Christ of the earth, that he did not believe that the day would ever come when the President of the Twelve Apostles would not succeed to the Presidency of the Church. The brethren expressed their pleasure at my having such a letter from the late President Wilford Woodruff, and said they did not think, in view of President Smith's ill health, that it would be a wise thing to bring this matter up for discussion before him.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Tuesday, Jul 3, 1883

[Commitee of Seven]
... The following ruling of the Commissioners was read: ... To the Honorable Utah Commission ... Will [the combination of] voting for, at next general election in this Territory, candidates for the offices of Territorial Treasure, Auditor of Public Accounts, Superintendent of District Schools and Commissioners to Locate University Lands, upon the same ballots with candidates for members of the Legislative Assembly and county and precinct officers[,] invalidate such ballots entirely...

The following reply has been received: ... I am directed by the Utah Commission to state that ballots voted at the coming election (August 6th, 1883) containing the names of candidates for other offices than those designated to be filled by the Commission will be rejected and not counted for any purpose...

[Source: Committee of Seven minutes, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

155 years ago today - Jul 3, 1863 (Wednesday)

The Indians attacked Canyon Station, near Deep creek, 150 miles west of G.S.L. City, killing four soldiers and Wm. Riley, the station keeper.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jul 3, 1843

Joseph meets with the Twelve to call about 100 elders to go on special missions throughout Illinois to counteract the widespread negative feelings resulting from Joseph's escaping his arrest. Charles C. Rich and 25 others return to Nauvoo having traveled 500 miles in seven days looking for Joseph during his kidnapping.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

115 years ago today - Jul 2, 1903; Thursday

Brother Reed Smoot briefly mentioned the subject of insurance, remarking that a great deal of money was going out of the country for life insurance, that it seemed that nearly everybody nowadays was taking out life insurance; and he thought it would be a good thing if [a] life insurance company could be started in which the Church should be largely interested, so as to be in a position to offer cheap insurance to our young people as an offset to the inducements offered them to join secret societies.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Jul 2, 1888

[Heber J. Grant]
It is one of the untold mysteries to me that George Q. Cannon will employ such men as Alexander Badlam to work in the interests of our people in their efforts for Statehood, and trust his with the secret workings of our efforts and not be willing to trust the members of our Quorum. W. Woodruff, George Q. Cannon and Jos F Smith are a Committee having in charge the expenditure of all moneys for Statehood and from my information Badlam is the head man in spending money to secure the influence of the leading news papers of the country in our behalf. ...

I shall hail the day with unbounded delight when the members of our quorum shall be of such a character that there will be perfect confidence so that the combined wisdom of all may be had in each and every effort for the advancement of the people. ...

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

155 years ago today - summer of 1863

[R.L.D.S Church]
The Reorganized Church sought to maximize the potential by sending two of its most outstanding preachers to Utah in the summer of 1863. Edmund C. Briggs, heading the missionary team, was a recently ordained apostle who had achieved dazzling success among other Mormon factions in Iowa in the earliest years of the Reorganization, baptizing over 100 new members and organizing six church branches. He brought an unusual blend of religious conviction, missionary skill, and administrative ability to the mission. His associate was Alexander McCord, a member of the early Mormon church and veteran of the Mormon Battalion who had settled in Utah after mustering out of the U.S. Army only to become disillusioned and bitter about what he considered the excesses of church government under Brigham Young.

[Source: Utah History Encyclopedia: R.L.D.S Church, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

175 years ago today - Jul 2, 1843 (Sunday)

Joseph Smith had a pleasant interview with several Pottawattamie chiefs who had come to visit him, and a very good impression was made upon the Indians.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

185 years ago today - Jul 2, 1833

Smith declares JST Bible retranslation "finished" and "correct." Several passages, including critically important Malachi text, would be changed years later. The complete JST has never been published. [Smith alters more than 3,400 verses and adds new passages.]

[Source: This is My Doctrine: The Development of Mormon Theology, Charles Harrell p. 76, 99; Chronology of Mormon History, http://followtheprophets.com/chronology-of-mormon-history/]

190 years ago today - Early July 1828

Martin Harris confesses that he lost the translation manuscript.

Joseph returns to Harmony, where the angel takes back the plates and Joseph loses the seer's gift for a season. Smith says that the angel returned the Urim and Thummim to him "immediately" upon his return from Manchester and that he received a revelation condemning Harris (D&C 3), then both plates and Urim and Thummim were again taken.

Joseph's history says the plates were returned to him after "a few days" . However, Lucy Smith claimed that they were returned to him on 22 September 1828 , while David Whitmer said they were returned after three months. Joseph says that he "did not however go immediately to translating, but went to laboring with my hands upon a small farm ... in order to provide for my family." Still, by the time Lucy and Joseph Sr. visited Harmony in early September , some translation had been done, with Emma as scribe.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

230 years ago today - Jul 2, 1788

THE COLUMBIAN MAGAZINE in Philadelphia Reprints John Smith's letter about Hebrew among the Indians and Charlevoix's Journal of Travels in North America (1761), which states Indians are similar to Jews

10 years ago today - July 1

[Same-Sex Marriage]
A letter later reports some of Mormon efforts during the coming month. "Congregations of LDS all having been taught the doctrine in July so that they may see the importance of fundraising and grassroots participation. Some Stakes have called all Stake Council and wives as well as several folks who may be able to contribute not on the Council. The Stake President, in that Cottage Meeting, has asked for their support. A great part of a fund raising effort, accomplished in one night."

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

40 years ago today - Jul 1, 1978

Spencer W. Kimball dedicates the Relief Society Monument to Women at Nauvoo, Illinois, and the assistant to the governor formally apologizes for the role of the Illinois government in expelling Mormons in 1846.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Jul 1, 1943

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
President Grant also presented the name of a brother to fill one of the vacancies in the Council, but at this time we are not at liberty to reveal it. I will merely say that it came as a surprise to me. He [i.e., Spencer W. Kimball] is from one of the stakes of the far south.

[Source: Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary (an eradicated entry, reading, in part), as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jul 1, 1893

The Church fails to meet its payroll, forcing General Authorities to draw their living allowances in tithing commodities. Economic depression hits Utah hard and has First Counselor George Q. Cannon meeting with financiers in London (including Baron Rothschild) and Apostle Heber J. Grant meeting with bankers in New York to secure a loan to see the Church through the hard times. The First Presidency writes: "Every day urgent demands for cash are made of us, which we cannot meet for the simple reason that we have no money. . . . We never saw such a time of financial stringency as there is now."

145 years ago today - Jul 1, 1873

Brigham Young's son Willard is the first Mormon admitted as a cadet in the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. He graduates on 16 June 1875, "second in discipline" and "fourth in over-all standing" within his class. Second Mormon at West Point is Brigham's nephew Richard W. Young in 1878. After two years as the first Mormon at the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, Brigham's son Feramorz L. Young resigns "in good standing" in December 1876 because he decides against a military career. In the twentieth century, hundreds of Mormons graduate from U.S. military academies.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Jul 1, 1858

First Presidency and others return to homes in otherwise-deserted Salt Lake City.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Summer 1843

Olive Grey Frost (single, age 27) marriage to Joseph Smith.

After Smith's death, Frost would remarry, becoming the eighteenth plural wife of Brigham Young. They married in 1844, and she bore him no children. (24 July 1816 in Bethel, Maine - 6 October 1845 in Nauvoo, Illinois).

[Source: Wikipedia: List of the Wives of Joseph Smith, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_the_wives_of_Joseph_Smith]

195 years ago today - 1823 summer

Ethan Smith finished writing his book View of the Hebrews in Poultney, Rutland, VT and had it published on the press of the Poultney Gazette, (after Dec. called the Northern Spectator. It is possible that Oliver Cowdery was employed at the Poultney Gazette as a printer's devil or assistent type-setter during 1822 and early 1823.

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Oliver Cowdery Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/Cdychrn1.htm]

90 years ago today - Jun 30, 1928

The death of ex-governor John C. Cutler from a self-inflicted gunshot. He declined the First Presidency's call in 1887 to become a counselor in the Presiding Bishopric. The Bishopric's second counselor now describes Cutler as "one of the Church Officers," apparently because he has been an auditor of the general church funds. Utah's chief executive from 1905 to 1909, Cutler is the only Utah governor to commit suicide.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Jun 30, 1898; Thursday

The following case was presented by Elder Lyman: Sidney R. Burton, an apostate, died out of the Church, and is supposed to have committed suicide, though this is uncertain. He left a wife and children in the Church. His widow now desired permission to have his Temple work done (He had not received his endowments) and be sealed to him. Brother Lyman favored the granting of the request, as it might be the means of her holding her children together. Elder Young took the opposite view, holding that such leniency might be regarded by them as a licence and do them more harm than good. Pres[ident]. Smith thought it a waste of time as well as an improper proceeding to seal a woman to such a man. He believed in giving a woman the largest liberty possible in such a case, and would even strain a point by granting her request; but at the same time he would advise her against it. Pres[ident]. Snow agreed with Pres[ident]. Smith. Pres[ident]. Woodruff thought that we should not defile our Temples and altars by acting in such cases, but leave them in the hands of the Lord. Brother Lyman agreed with the views of the other brethren, but thought that as there had been so much leniency shown in such cases of late, he would satisfy Sister Burton's feelings by bringing the matter before the Council. It was finally decided that the case be laid over for further inquiry. ...

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

125 years ago today - Jun 30, 1893

Apostle Heber J Grant, in New York seeking a loan for the church receives a letter from Second Counselor Joseph F. Smith: "This is the end of the month and not a dollar to pay anybody with not even Pres[iden]t Woodruff and the Twelve. We have sent out or caused to be sent, circulars to the Presidents of Stakes to dispose of anything on hand in their stakes, in the shape of stock-produce or other property, cheap for cash and send the same to us at once. There is nothing doing-no tithing coming in-or means stirring and everybody seems paralized as well as business."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

145 years ago today - Jun 30, 1873 (Monday)

Salt Lake City was first lighted with gas.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - Jun 30, 1858

The announcement was made in Provo that all who wished to return to Salt Lake City were at liberty to do so. [Salt Lake had been vacated as Johnston's army approached.]

[Source: Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

175 years ago today - Jun 30, 1843

Joseph Smith returns to Nauvoo. He learns of Hyrum's sealing of Parley and Mary Ann Pratt and cancels the ordinance, instructing Hyrum that he had no authority to perform the marriage.

[Source: Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

175 years ago today - Jun 30, 1843

Joseph and the company arrive in Nauvoo triumphantly about noon [from his arrest]. The whole town turns out to give them a hero's welcome, including a brass band, cannon fire, a line of decorated carriages, and streets lined with cheering people. Joseph has a feast at his home with fifty friends. He seats Reynolds and Wilson [who had arrested him] at the head of the table. The Nauvoo Municipal Court convenes that afternoon, and Reynolds is forced to turn over his prisoner, Joseph, to the city marshal. At 5 P.M., 10,000 people assemble at the grove to listen to Joseph's tale of the adventure. Joseph exuberantly states, "I feel as strong as a giant. I pulled sticks with men coming along, and I pulled up with one hand the strongest man that could be found. Then two men tried, but they could not pull me up, and I continued to pull mentally, until I pulled Missouri to Nauvoo. . . . Thank God, I am now a prisoner in the hands of the municipal court of Nauvoo, and not in the hands of Missourians. . . . But before I willbear this unhallowed persecution any longer - before I will be dragged away again among my enemies for trial, I will spill the last drop of blood in my veins, and will see all my enemies in hell! To bear it any longer would be a sin." ["I wish the lawyer who says we have no powers in Nauvoo may be choked to death on his own words. Don't employ lawyers, or pay them money for their knowledge, for I have learnt they don't know anything. I know more than they all. . . . You speak of lawyers; I am a lawyer too, but the Almighty God has taught me the principle of law; . . ."] He claims that the Nauvoo court has power to free him, and while he is speaking, Reynolds and Wilson leave for Carthage, threatening to raise a militia to again arrest him.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - 6/29/2008

Letter read in most California wards and branches while gay pride day parades were underway. Local LDS leaders (temple presidency members, mission presidents) act as spokesmen (no spokeswomen in NorCal) with CA media. The letter was addressed to "General Authorities, Area Seventies, and the following in California: Stake and Mission Presidents; Bishops and Branch Presidents." Some wards and branches in other states heard the letter read over the pulpit as well, and some California congregations heard the letter on a different day due to local scheduling requirements. Some bishops remind members that there may be press attention or protests resulting from the letter, and that members should conduct themselves with dignity and Christ-like love. [The letter states in part: "We ask that you do all you can to support the proposed constitutional amendment by donating of your means and time to assure that marriage in California is legally defined as being between a man and a woman."]

[Source: Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

25 years ago today - Jun 29, 1993

The government of Mexico formally registered the LDS Church, grant-ing it all the rights of a religious organization, including the right to own property.

[Source: Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

40 years ago today - Jun 29, 1978-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
James [Allen] ... told us he has learned the nature of the manifestation in the temple that led Church officials to refer to the "revelation" on the Priesthood. He said he learned this information from [religion professor] George Pace [... who ...] learned it from Elder Bruce McConkie...// ... During that prayer there also appeared some of the past presidents of the Church as witnesses that they approved. [For more info, see http://www.todayinmormonhistory.com/2018/06/40-years-ago-today-jun-27-1978-tuesday.html] ...// So this was the nature of the manifestation. If I ever hear more of this, I shall of course place it in my diary for the benefit of future historians. ...

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

120 years ago today - Jun 29, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
I feel to thank the Lord that Jos. Hyrum Grant Jr. is now a sane man, and it is one of the marvels of life that his is so seeing that he was once in the asylum, but he was healed by the power of God in fulfillment of a promise made to his father by apostle John W. Taylor.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

145 years ago today - Jun 29, 1873

First Counselor George Q. Cannon preaches: "The temptations that we are exposed to are the result, in a great degree, of the false organization of society. I believe there are thousands of men in the Christian world, who are adulterers to-day, who would not be adulterers if they knew more and could practice the system of marriage which God has revealed."

Brigham Young follows him and preaches: "Brother George Q. Cannon says the sisters have borne a great deal. So they have, but if they could only stand in the shoes of their husbands who are good, true and faithful, they would know that they are by no means free from perplexities. Just fancy a man with two, three, or half a dozen of his beloved wives catching him on one side, and before he can take three steps more, catching him on the other, and "I want this," "I want that," and "this is not right," and "that is not right," and so on; their minds just pulled to pieces. I say if the hair is spared on their heads they may consider that they have got blessed good wives. I have as many wives as many other men, and I keep my hair yet."

90 years ago today - Jun 28, 1928

President Heber J. Grant wrote to a mission president in 1928 that there was " no rule in the Church " that only priesthood bearers could carry the sacrament to the congregation after it was blessed.

[Source: Heber J Grant Letterbook, LDS Archives, as quoted at http://ordainwomen.org/quotes. See Quinn, "Mormon Political Conflicts" for full cite and context.]

175 years ago today - Jun 28, 1843

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
... Story: "Free Masons" -- Editorial -- Worshipful Master Mr. H. Smith laid the Corner Stone while Mr. J. Taylor offered the oration during the Masonic Temple Corner Stone Celebration. ...

- Announcement: Kinderhook Plates Facsimile -- Editorial -- A Facsimile of the Kinderhook Plates is announced for sale at the printing office. Price: 12.5 Cents each, or one Dollar per dozen. ...

[Source: http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

180 years ago today - Jun 28, 1838

Adam-ondi-Ahman is formed into a stake and thus a gathering place for members of the church. It is the third stake established in the church.

[Source: Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

190 years ago today - Circa Jun 28, 1828

Joseph Smith withdraws from the Harmony (PA) Methodist class ...

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

205 years ago today - 1813. June 28

Orrin Porter Rockwell was born in Belcher, Massachusetts. By 1830 the Rockwells were living one mile from Joseph Smith's family in Manchester, New York. Porter was baptized shortly after the Church was organized. His 1832 marriage to Luana Beebe ended in separation ten years later, and he married Mary Ann Neff, Christine Olsen, and a Mrs. Davis. He was the father of fourteen children.

[Source: Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

25 years ago today - Jun 27,1993

Counselor Gordon B. Hinckley dedicates former Hotel Utah as new Joseph Smith Memorial Building to serve primarily as additional office space for LDS central bureaucracy. Its large theatres also begin showing devotional film, "Legacy" (about Mormon pioneers), scripted by Academy award-winner Keith Merrill according to Hinckley's instruction: "I want them to leave the theatre crying."

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

35 years ago today - Jun 27, 1983-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
When we came to SLC in 1972, I operated under the assumption that Church leaders talked things through, then agreed, and then supported the programs and policies thus decided upon. I found out that this was not necessarily or always the case. I discovered a number of instances in which church leaders agreed upon a policy and then one or more of the Twelve immediately began to sabotage it. ... within a year [after approval of the Church History department], Elders [Boyd K.] Packer and [Mark E.] Petersen immediately began to fight against us and the program. Examples: We were instructed by President [Harold B.] Lee not to submit anything to Correlation-that we were the Correlation Committee for our work. But when we published Brigham Young's Letters to His Sons, edited by Dean Jessee, Elder Packer wrote to the First Presidency with criticisms of it, and has been criticizing it ever since. In particular, the mention of one of BY's sons taking drugs and BY cautioning his son Brigham Junior not to smoke on his mission. Elder Petersen began to undermine us by circulating that scurrilous paper of Steve Marshall ["The New Mormon History"], without even talking to any of us. Elder Packer's letters to the First Presidency about our sesquicentennial history project, leading eventually to its discontinuance. Elder Petersen cancelling the review of The Mormon Experience to appear in the Church News. Elders Benson and Petersen refusing a second printing of Story of the Latter-day Saints. Canceling Friends of Church History.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Jun 27, 1978-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Notes on a conversation between [Ensign editor] Jay Todd, 26 June 1978, and Joseph Fielding McConkie, reported by Jay Todd, combined with notes on a conversation between Oscar McConkie and Jay Todd, 27 June 1978. (Material by JFM in parentheses.) [[At the family gathering, apostle Bruce R. McConkie discussed how the decision to grant blacks the priesthood was reached. ... Some of the content was later repudiated by apostle Gordon B. Hinckley, who said: "There was not the sound 'as of a rushing mighty wind,' there were not 'cloven tongues like as of fire' as there had been on the Day of Pentecost. ... But the voice of the Spirit whispered with certainty into our minds." President Kimball went so far as to instruct McConkie to "revise" his public comments "to avoid possible misunderstanding" about an alleged "audible voice speaking specific words."... ]]

Subject: The circumstances of the revelation to grant the priesthood to all worthy male members of the Church, discussed "last week" at a family gathering by Elder Bruce R. McConkie.

The First Presidency had been interested in the topic for years, President [Spencer W.] Kimball especially, and "had felt a message coming through." Last June several of the apostles were invited to submit memos on various implications of the question-historical, medical, sociological, doctrinal, etc., among them Elders [apostle] Packer, Monson, and McConkie. The First Presidency had made the question a matter of formal prayer in the [Salt Lake] temple a number of times and had received no revelation, no answer. (JFM had not been present at the family gathering but had contacted his father in a phone conversation later and apparently received the same information and the addition of some other details. He said, at this point, that at one meeting-unclear whether it was all the Twelve or just the First Presidency-that someone commented, "The former presidents of the Church are here," and President Kimball confirmed it. On a second occasion, one of the men said, "President So-and-So is here," and President Kimball again confirmed that impression.)

On 1 June 1978, the General Authorities in town, including the patriarch, presiding bishopric, and seventies, held their joint meeting in the temple. It was an "average meeting, neither better nor worse than they usually had" but at the end, President Kimball did an unusual thing. He asked the Twelve to return, which had never occurred before in BRM's experience. Ezra Taft Benson was already out of earshot and had to be fetched back.

President Kimball then reviewed the situation, told the feelings of the First Presidency, explained what they'd been doing for the past times, and asked for responses. BRM, in an unusual breach of protocol, immediately arose and delivered a ten-minute lecture on why the blacks must receive the priesthood before the Millennium. He was followed by Boyd K. Packer, who spoke for ten minutes, bringing up different but equally persuasive reasons, and then by Elder Monson. The remaining General Authorities present except two (Elder Petersen and Elder Stapley were not present but in South America and ill, respectively) all spoke extemporaneously and gave their strong reasons. All took totally different points, and all were highly persuasive. President Kimball asked Howard W. Hunter and the other apostle who had not spoken to respond, and they responded very positively. They did not bring up new arguments, simply expressed agreement.

President Kimball then said that as a First Presidency they had prayed many times and had received no answer. He had also prayed many times in the temple alone and had received no answer. "We are all united in feeling; we are going to get an answer-yes or no." He must have felt assured of that by the Spirit. In his humble way, he asked, "Would you mind if I were mouth for this prayer?" They entered into the true order of prayer [a prayer circle], and as President Kimball began praying, "The Lord took over and directed his requests. It was obvious that it was an inspired prayer from the language." Up to that point (apparently prayers had been offered with the Council of the Twelve before or Elder McConkie would not have been able to report this) President Kimball's language had been very circumspect: "Would it be proper for us to ask this question?" Now he was direct, communicating on a different level.

At the end of that prayer, a Pentecostal experience occurred. All thirteen experienced and saw "just the way it was at Kirtland." BRM used that phrase several times in answering specific questions put to him by family members. The rushing of a great wind? "Just like Kirtland." Angelic choirs? "Just like Kirtland." Cloven tongues of fire? (Elder McConkie reportedly said that during this experience he came to understand, for the first time, just what was meant by "cloven tongues of fire." LJA.) "Just like Kirtland." Visitors from across the veil? "Just like Kirtland." They had "an incredible experience." No matter how his family phrased the question, he [Bruce R. McConkie] refused to say who had come from the other side. One family phrased a question about the presidents of the Church, that he sidestepped; and his sister, who had started to write down their names, began crossing them out. He stopped her: "I didn't say they didn't come, May. I just said I wasn't telling." (JFM reported that Joseph Smith had come to instruct them in the doctrine and that a great portion of the time was taken up with matters "pertaining to futurity and the course of the Church in the future," not related to the priesthood issue directly.)

By the end (no indication of how long it lasted), everyone was weeping.

BRM: "President Kimball has had many, many revelations. He is the preeminent seer since Joseph [Smith]. And he said it was the greatest spiritual experience of his life." Marion G. Romney has had many revelations, and Ezra Taft Benson has seen many, many visions. All agreed that it surpassed any previous experience. When BRM was called as a General Authority he had an "incredible experience" that he has shared with family members but forbidden them to tell. His sister, who had asked four years ago if anything had equaled it and had been told no, asked him to compare the two. "There was no comparison," he said.

Did they see the same things? If it was "just like Kirtland" they saw and reported different things and concurred in the seeing.

President Kimball's grandfather came [appeared] to him at the time he was called [to be a church apostle]. He had the experience of seeing his posterity as yet unborn down through the generations. [And yet] he said that this was the "preeminent religious experience of his life."

All were weeping and embracing at the end. President Kimball went around the room and embraced every man there. The Twelve normally have their own meeting afterward, but were "unable to continue." They were completely overcome. President Kimball collected his counselors, though, and said, "We have work too," and held the First Presidency meeting, going through a complete agenda.

A family member asked BRM: "Why did you all see it? Why didn't just President Kimball receive it and you receive confirmation of it?" He answered, "Because it will take all thirteen to witness of it in the kinds of changes that will have to take place."

Nothing happened for a week, then at the Thursday temple meeting on June 8, they discussed how to announce it. Some wanted to wait until October conference, others for the mission presidents' seminar the following week. BRM argued strongly for immediate release for two reasons: it'll leak, and "we have to beat Satan. He'll do something between now and then to make it appear that we're being forced into it." This course was adopted. Both Elder McConkie and Elder Packer were asked to submit drafts of the announcement. [When] Elder Packer told Elder McConkie that "they chose your draft[,]" Elder McConkie said, "It was the First Presidency's letter."

On June 9, the other General Authorities were asked to come to an early meeting, fasting, to the temple. President Kimball told them the decision and asked for responses. Franklin D. Richards spoke first as senior president of the quorum [of the Seventy], followed by BRM again giving an impassioned extemporaneous lecture on the relevant scriptures, and by President Romney: "I have a confession to make. Whenever we've discussed this question, I've assured President Kimball that I would support him fully, but if the decision had been left to me, I would have felt that we've always had that policy and we would stick to it no matter what the opposition. I have now changed my position 180 degrees. I am not just a supporter of this decision. I am an advocate." Every one of the Seventies spoke. According to Dean Larsen, they voiced approval to a man. Marion D. Hanks was reported so overcome that he could not speak.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]