35 years ago today - Nov 13, 1983-Sunday

[Leonard Arrington]
I learned this morning from Brent Metcalfe's stake president, David Grant, that he (Prest. Grant) regretted very much the firing of Brent by Church Security. He said that Brent had a fine attitude and spirit and a firm testimony, and that it was not improper for young people like him to speculate on doctrinal and historical matters. He said he had discussed the matter with President [Gordon B.] Hinckley and that President Hinckley had written Brent a personal letter apologizing to him on behalf of the Church, for what seemed a precipitous and unfair action. President Grant said that he (Grant) thought Church Security did him a favor by firing him, for Brent is too smart and well educated a person to spend his life working for Church Security.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

45 years ago today - Nov 13, 1973-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
The Personnel Division proposed a reorganization of the Historical Department ...

Personally I could not accept the idea. I protested that we were getting along fine and why change our present structure. I also raised questions about having Earl as my superior, fearful that he might interfere with our programs of writing and research through his administrative superiority, but Earl gave strong assurances, as did Don Schmidt and as did Brother Anderson, and it looks like it is going through regardless. It seems it will be going through so it is now my intention to attempt to get some written qualifications introduced that will protect my position as the reorganization takes place.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

65 years ago today - Nov 13, 1953

[Stephen L. Richards]
[Ten years to the day after his excommunication for adultry, former Apostle] Richard R. Lyman Dr. Lyman came in to confer with President Richards concerning his petition for reinstatement in the Church.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah 2015, Appendix 2, The Diaries of Marion G. Romney, 1941-1961, Abridged]

140 years ago today - Nov 13, 1878

Three unidentified men attack John C. Young, editor of the anti-Mormon Salt Lake Tribune, as he leaves its office near midnight and breaks his nose with "brass knuckles." On 12 Feb. 1878 Deseret News reported Counselor George Q. Cannon's statement about Young: "I consider the fellow without character, who deserves kicking, and who would not resent the insult if kicked."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Nov 13, 1858

[Heber C. Kimball:] We have the true Masonry. The Mason[ry] of the day is received from the apostasy which took place in the days of Solomon and David. They know[,] now and then[,] a thing that is correct[,] but we know the real thing[;] but how many comprehend it and see the propriety of being true to each other[?]

[Journal History, Nov. 13, 1858, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

160 years ago today - Nov 13, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
I met in the evening at President Young with the Legislature. An arangement was made by the members to assemble at the social Hall on the 2d Monday in Dec & organize & adjourn to Fillmore. This was done to sustain our own acts. Then at Fillmore we would organize to Accomodate Gov Cummings as he Considered that the Seat of Government. Then we would adjourn back to Great Salt Lake City to spend the session to accomodate all parties.

Gov. Cummings thought our adjournment to Great Salt Lake City was illegal because it was done by a Joint resolution of both Houses in Joint Session. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Nov 13, 1853 (Sunday)

The mail train was attacked by Indians six miles from Laramie, and three men were killed. C.A. Kinkead, of G.S.L. City, was robbed of $10,500.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Nov 13, 1838

Sampson Avard testifies the First Presidency directed Danite activities. Other prosecution witnesses include John Corrill, Reed Peck, W. W. Phelps, George M. Hinkle, Burr Riggs, and John Whitmer.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

185 years ago today - Nov 13, 1833

[Joseph Smith Diary]
November 13th Nothing of note transpired from the 4th of Nove[m]ber u[n]til this day. In the morning at 4 Oh clock I was awoke by Brother Davis knocking at /my/ door saying "Brother Joseph come git /up/ and see the signs in the heavens." I arrose and beheld to my great Joy the stars fall from heaven. Yea they fell like hail stones. A litteral fullfillment of the word of God as recorded in the holy scriptures and a sure sign that the coming of Christ is clost [close] at hand.

Oh how marvellous are thy works Oh Lord and I thank thee for thy me[r]cy u/n/to me thy servent. Oh Lord save me in thy kingdom for Christ['s] sake. Amen.

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1832-34, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

10 years ago today - Nov 12, 2008

San Diegans protested outside the Mormon Temple near La Jolla, angered over reports that the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints contributed millions in support of Prop 8. The Mormon Church released a statement saying, in part, "It is wrong to target the church and its sacred places of worship for being part of the Democratic process."

[Prop 8 Timeline, NBC San Diego, http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/politics/Proposition-8-Timeline-History-California--138796454.html]

75 years ago today - Nov 12, 1943

[George Albert Smith] Dreamed I was with [apostle] R[ichard] R L[yman] in his car. ... Went to Temple at 2 10 of 12 Present Including R[ichard]. R. L[yman]. [Charles A.] Callis & [Ezra Taft] Benson absent. Charges [of adultry] admitted by Richard. A sad occasion He made no defense admitted more than known before. I am shocked and grieved. R[ichard]. R. seemed not to realize his wrong. All brethren in tears. Excommunicated R[ichard]. R. Decided to publish notice in [Deseret] News.

[Spencer W. Kimball] It was a terrible experience that came to me today. I think I can never forget the scene. We were called to a special meeting of the Council of the Twelve Apostles. Earlier in the day when I asked Bro[ther]. Lee if it was a report meeting he solemnly told me that it was not and that I should get my feet firmly on the ground anticipating it. The next two hours were filled with wonder and fear. ... The slow, deliberate and saddened approach of some of the brethren as they came to the Temple presaged something ominous was ahead of us. As soon as we were all seated the meeting was called to order and announcement was made by Pres[ident]. George Albert Smith who was almost overcome, that there was a very serious charge against one of our brethren. He then directed that the charge be read. Our hearts stood still as we heard that Richard R. Lyman, for 26 years a member of the Council of the Twelve was accused of immorality. His written confession was read and he being present did not deny the accusation nor the confession. He told also of the situations. He had little to say. He was as pale as could be. He minimized his act and seemed to feel that it should be overlooked but showed no repentance and no expressed sorrow for his sin. He tried to link his sin with polygamy but the evidence gave no corroboration to the story. It was a terrible ordeal. To see great men such as the members of this quorum all in tears, some sobbing, all shocked, stunned by the impact was an unforgettable sight! No tears from him but plenty from the rest of us and what a heart-rending experience. After considerable discussion a motion was made, seconded and we voted unanimously to excommunicate him from the Church. When he retired he said goodbye and shook hands with each of us and left the Temple, his quorum, his Church. Still stunned almost beyond recovery, the members seemed to be yet unable to believe the terrible truth.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015; Spencer W. Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Nov 12, 1888

Jacob Spori is appointed the first principal (president) of the Fremont or Bannock Stake Academy (the forerunner to Ricks College, later BYU-I) in Rexburg, Idaho.

160 years ago today - Nov 12, 1858

Brother Wall related a Circumstance of an officer of the Armey who ask him if he was a Mormon. Yes. I suppose you are an out & in mormon Just as it suits you? I am a thorough mormon. I believe in all their principles. What poligamy and all? Yes. How many wives have you? I have three & Twelve Children. How do you suppose those Children will look upon you when they get Grown up? I will tell you how they will look upon me. They will point to me & say theire is my Father who has raised me fed, Clothed & Educated me and owned me through persecution oppression & scorn and I will own honor & obey him, while your Children at Fort Levensworths St Louis & all places whare you have been which you will not own nor provide for they will not own you & their mothers will point to you as they see you pass & will say there is your father but dont say a word about it for the world. Those Children will both Hate & despise you & the vary Ground upon which you tread. Capt Wolf replied scratching his head By … that is true but I never looked upon it in that light. [The ellipses are Woodruff's.]

"What would you do if the Government should give orders to put you to death if you did not put away your wives? I would take my wives & children & go to some secluded spot of Earth whare I Could enjoy my wives & Children & liberty. "What if the Government should pounce onto you & not give you the privilege? Then I would take my family into the mountains & I would fight you over evry hill & dale as long as I lived. Capt Woolf replyed I will not shoot at you.

Capt Woolf said Governor Young ought to be the next President for He is the smartest man in the United States. He has been playing a game of Ucre with the United States and has beat them. He had gained five points while the United States has ownly had a march & he ought to be president & I would vote for him.

The man who was a waggon master of the train which Lot Smith burned said Capt Smith & his men were Gentlemen. It was the best thing for me & your people that Could have been done. It released me & sent me back to the States or I should have suffered with the rest in the mountains And it was well for the mormons for if this train had not been burned the Armey would probably have pushed on had a fight & blood been spiled.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Nov 12, 1848

Oliver Cowdery: Rebaptized by Orson Hyde 12 November 1848 at Kanesville, Iowa.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Nov 12, 1843

[Anointed Quorum]
Sunday evening prayer Circle; second anointing "at S.E. Room, Joseph's old house" for Reynolds and Thirza Cahoon, and for Lucy Mack (Smith) and her deceased husband Joseph, Sr., by proxy, .

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Nov 12, 1838

Judge Austin A. King holds a court of inquiry on the so-called Mormon War in Missouri. Following the hearing, some sixty-four Mormon defendants are examined. Five (including Parley P. Pratt) are committed to the Richmond Jail, and six (Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, and Alexander McRae) are committed to the Liberty Jail while they await further trial.

10 years ago today - 10 years ago - Nov 11, 2008

Holocaust survivors said they are through trying to negotiate with the Mormon church over posthumous baptisms of Jews killed in Nazi concentration camps, saying the church has repeatedly violated a 13-year-old agreement barring the practice. Leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints say they are making changes to their massive genealogical database to make it more difficult for names of Holocaust victims to be entered for posthumous baptism by proxy, a rite that has been a common Mormon practice for more than a century.

But Ernest Michel, honorary chairman of the American Gathering of Holocaust Survivors, said that is not enough. "We ask you to respect us and our Judaism just as we respect your religion," Michel said in a statement. "We ask you to leave our six million Jews, all victims of the Holocaust, alone, they suffered enough." Posthumous baptism by proxy allows faithful Mormons to have their ancestors baptized into the 178-year-old church, which they believe reunites families in the afterlife.

[washingtonpost.com, "Jewish Group Exhorts Mormons"; A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

70 years ago today - 70 years ago - Nov 11, 1948

Belle Smith Spafford, general president of the Relief Society, is elected vice-president of the National Council of Women. Subsequent LDS vice-presidents are Florence Smith Jacobson, formerly the general president of LDS Young Women (1974) and Elaine Anderson Cannon, general president of the Young Women (1982).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - 75 years ago - Nov 11, 1943

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
At 6 p.m. I was engaged with Brother Harold B. Lee and others including officers of the law which resulted in bringing charges against [apostle] Richard R. Lyman of a most serious nature [adultry].

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - 115 years ago - Nov 11, 1903

[Marriner W. Merrill]
We had our family Reunion, 35 of my own children present and 126 grandchildren ... this being the 50th anniversary of our wedding day caused the occasion.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Nov. 11-28, 1838

Over 50 Latter-day Saint prisoners are kept in the Richmond jail, chained together in an unroofed courthouse. Sidney Rigdon gets very sick from exposure and loses his powers of reasoning. One night during this time the guards blaspheme and boast about their treatment, rapings, and murder of the Saints, and Joseph arises in his chains and rebukes the guards with might and power, causing them to quail and beg before him.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Nov 11, 1838

[Abraham O. Smoot]
He married his first wife, Margaret Thompson McMeans Adkinson, on 11 November 1838 in Missouri.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Abraham O. Smoot, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

120 years ago today - Nov 11, 1898

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill]
Friday. Richmond. I left home at 6:10 a. m. and had a cold ride to Logan. I went down and paid my County, State and School taxes amounting to $619.16.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

75 years ago today - Nov 11, 1943

Joseph Fielding [Smith] and H[arold] B Lee called at home ... reported findings.

[George Albert Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

10 years ago today - Nov 10, 2008

Jewish group wants Mormons to stop proxy baptisms

NEW YORK - Holocaust survivors said Monday they were abandoning negotiations with the Mormon church over its posthumous baptisms of Jews who were killed in Nazi death camps.

Survivors claim elders of the Salt Lake City-based Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints have refused to systemically search for and remove the names of Holocaust victims from their master genealogical database and have failed to prevent "zealots" from adding thousands of new Jewish names to the list in recent years - including thousands lifted from Yizkor books of Jews massacred at Berdichev in Ukraine.

"We are not going to continue meeting with the Mormon Church," said Auschwitz survivor Ernest Michel, head of the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, who has spearheaded efforts to scrub the Mormon lists since discovering in the 1990s that his parents were among 380,000 Holocaust victims having been baptized into the Christian faith.

Gary Motokoff, a Jewish genealogist who participated in meetings with Mormon leaders, described the negotiations as "fruitless." ...

["Jewish group wants Mormons to stop proxy baptisms, "Allison Hoffman, Jerusalem Post Correspondent, New York, THE JERUSALEM POST; A chronicle of the Mormon-Jewish controversy; The LDS Agreement: A JewishGen InfoFile, http://www.jewishgen.org/infofiles/ldsagree.html]

95 years ago today - Nov 10, 1923

Relief Societies across North America collect and repair clothes and shoes, to ease the distress the Latter-day Saints in Germany were facing, after World War 1.

[Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, United Kingdom, "On This Day," https://www.lds.org.uk/show_oda.php]

115 years ago today - Tuesday, Nov 10, 1903

[John Henry Smith]
Word was received to night a writ had been issued to arrest heber J. Grant before he leaves for his mission. He left tonight.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

125 years ago today - Nov 10, 1893

[Franklin D. Richards]
Bro[ther]. John Rushton favored me with a view of the 'Seer Stone' which he became possessed of in Nauvoo [Illinois] & related how & where he found it. Says it is part of one of the stones that Jared's brother 'Mahonri Moriancumr' asked the Lord to touch that theymight give light to those in the Barges while they should cross the Sea.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Nov 10, 1888 (Saturday)

In the First District Court, at Provo, William R. Webb, of American Fork, was sentenced by Judge Judd to 18 months' imprisonment, for adultery.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - Nov 10, 1873

[John D. T. McAllister]
... It is my desire to be buried in the garments and Robes of the Holy Priesthood, everything pertaining thereto properly made and put on my body. [I] do not want any extravagance, a medium coffin[,] no expense for funeral clothing such as the gentiles mourn in. [I] would like my Brethren of the Priesthood to dictate [to] my family in this matter, and see me buried as I ought to be, that my body can rest in peace. [I] do not want my coffin short or too long, deep enough to lay in without mashing my nose, and cramping my arms or crushing my stomach, a good strong one that it will hold together. I pray that I may so live that the Holy Priesthood will feel it a pleasure to put me away, and a pleasure to receive me in their society in the morning of the glorious resurrection.

[John D. T. McAllister, statement dated Nov. 10, 1873, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

180 years ago today - Nov 10, 1838

The other 56 prisoners are put in Richmond jail with Joseph and his fellow prisoners. Joseph learns that during the mobbings about 30 Saints were killed, many more were wounded, 100 are missing, and approximately 60 prisoners are waiting trial at Richmond for an unknown charge. In Adam-ondi-Ahman a three-day board of inquiry concludes, Adam Black having been judge, and all Saints are honorably acquitted. General Wilson orders every family out of Adam-ondi-Ahman within ten days. He gives them permission to go to Caldwell County until spring, but says they must leave the state by then or be exterminated.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - 11/9/2008

[Proposition-8]
Peaceful protesters gather in front of the Oakland temple [after passage of Prop-8].

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

40 years ago today - Nov 9, 1978

Latter-day Saints missionaries enter the African republic of Nigeria for the first time.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

75 years ago today - Nov 9, 1943

[George Albert Smith]
R[ichard] R Lyman called to my attention. Shocked. [It was discovered that Apostle Lyman was having an affair with another woman.]

[George Albert Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

80 years ago today - Nov 9, 1938

Nazis in Germany being Kristallnacht ("Night of Broken Glass") in which they pillage Jewish businesses, burn synagogues, and arrest thousands of Jews. Max Reschke, a non-Jewish Mormon in Hannover, rescues some Jewish friends from armed guards and helps the family escape to Switzerland. However, as an example of the polarization of German Mormons about "the Jewish question," one Hamburg branch president prohibits Jewish Mormons from attending LDS services, while another Hamburg branch welcomes these rejected Mromons, defies the Gestapo (Nazi secret police), and give religious encouragement to a Jewish Mormon who refuses to wear the yellow Star of David. Later imprisoned for hiding a Jew in his home, Reschke survives the Nazi regime.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Thurs., Nov 9, 1893

[Abraham H. Cannon]
Pres. Woodruff told of himself and David Patten being in Tennessee on a mission. While there Bro. Patten had a journey of 40 miles to make one day, but when he went out to get the mule he had procured for this labor, he was on the ground nearly dead with the colic. Bro. Patten said: "See here, old fellow, this won't do! You have got to carry me 40 miles today, and with these words he stepped up to the animal, laid his hands on the animal, and blessed him. The mule immediately arose, and made the journey. Pres. Woodruff said that was the only time in his life when his faith had been tried, but he thought it strange for an Elder to administer to a mule, and thus do what seemed sacrilege in his mind at that time.

Bro. Joseph F. Smith told of his mother having one of her oxen become sick when she was coming to the valley with her family. The captain of the company said the animal would die, but she got out a bottle of consecrated oil, and got two of the brethren to administer to the ox, and it recovered.

Father also had one of his cattle healed by the laying on of hands by himself. The animal accidentally got its leg badly hurt, and it looked as though it could no more travel, but Father slipped out after dark and administered to it, and it recovered and made the journey home.

Bro. J. F. Smith told about David Patten having seen and walked with Cain. Cain is described as being a very large man, his head being even with that of David Patten when the latter was seated on his animal. I always entertained the idea that Cain was dead, but my attention was called to the passage of scripture concerning the curse of God which should fall upon whoever should slay Cain. I supposed this meant whoever should kill his seed.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

150 years ago today - Nov 9, 1868

Unable to work with the grand Lodge of Nevada over Mormon admittence to lodges, Obed F. Strickland and Reuben H. Robertson, looked elsewhere for authorization. They applied, unsuccessfully, to Colorado and Montana. Finally, they turned to Kansas and received a dispensation, and later a charter on 9 November 1868. This aroused nationwide criticism for the Kansas Grand Lodge, but the furor subsided.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Freemasonry in Utah, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

160 years ago today - Nov 9, 1858

On 9 November 1858, amid gun fire and patriotic music, the soldiers of Camp Floyd, Utah Territory, raised the United States flag above their newly completed garrison. Named for Secretary of War, John B. Floyd, the post housed the largest concentration of U.S. troops to that time, in what immediately became the third largest city in Utah.

[Utah History Encyclopedia: Camp Floyd, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

165 years ago today - Nov 9, 1853

[Patriarchal Blessing of Sophia Pollard] ... You shall have faith to heal the sick in your own house and among your sex ... [you] shall live to see the winding up scene, see your Redeemer descend in the clouds of heaven, fly to meet him in the cloud and enjoy all the blessings and glories of his Kingdom with all your father's house. Even so, Amen.

[Patriarchal Blessings]

180 years ago today - Nov 9, 1838

Joseph Smith and fellow prisoners arrived at Richmond, MO, and put in chains. Joseph rebuked guards.

[Ludlow, Daniel H. editor, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Macmillan Publishing, Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Vol. 4, Appendix 2: A Chronology of Church History, http://amzn.to/eG0DIp]

25 years ago today - Nov 08, 1993

The First Presidency announces TempleReady, a software program designed to speed up the process of clearing names obtained from family history research for temple work. Also, "A Member's Guide to Temple and Family History Work" is introduced to general and local Church officers.

80 years ago today - Nov 8, 1938

Culbert L. Olson is elected Calfornia's governor, the first Mormon governor outside the state of Utah. Other governors with a Mormon background: Idaho's Arnold Williams (1945-47), California's Goodwin J. Knight (1953-59), American Samoa's H. Rex Lee (1961-67), Michigan's George W. Romney (1963-69), Idaho's John V. Evans (1977-87), Arizona's Evan Mecham (1987-88), and Massachusettes' Willard Mitt Romney (2003-07). Knight does not claim Mormonism as a politician, and in 1952 the Church News retracts its statement that he is an LDS governor. LDS Luis Alberto Ferrizo is elected to Uruguay's equivalent of governor (1990), and Jien-Nien Chen is elected as governor in Taiwan (1993).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

80 years ago today - Nov 8, 1938

[George F. Richards]
Last night I had a remarkable dream which left upon my mind a good and wonderful impression. I dreamed that I and a number of other men of non German extraction were gathered in a group for some unexplained purpose where were the German Keiser or Ruler, no name attached, and a number of uniformed German soldiers. They seemed to be engaged in sharpening their swords and otherwise preparing for war or executions or something of the sort. They fell in line and marched round in a large circle. Then we non Germans were marched in a smaller circle before them, and as they marched one after another chopped out of the circle and I was one of them. If it was for execution or what not I did not know, but I walked straight toward the Keiser who was sitting apart from the other soldiers. He seemed to be well uniformed and a very dignified personage. I addressed him as if I had an appeal to make to him though I had no fear, and he gave me attentive audience. While I do not remember the exact words I used and I do not remember that he said a word, I addressed him as follows. I am your brother. In the Spirit world you were a son of God. I also was His Son. We lived together in the same heavenly family. We loved each other as brothers. As I spoke feelingly and deliberately, I seemed to feel that his feelings were touched so that he believed my words, and that [he] believed and felt as I did a real brotherly love for one another. It became so intense that we embraced each other and kissed each other on the lips a brotherly kiss or kiss of affection. Then I saw these soldiers marching again, and the Keiser stepped out of line as he passed, and again kissed me on the lips. This ended the dream, and I was left with the thoughts, Why can we not feel thus toward all men for we are really and truly brothers. I was made to realize as never before that the commandment to love our neighbor as ourselves and to even love our enemies is possible and the command is consistent. Were we living together in such brotherhood, the Evil One would have no power to divide us, through bearing false witness, evil speaking, back-biting, exhagerating the weaknesses of others, cheating, stealing from another or any other unchristian like conduct towards others. We do not knowingly injure one we love.

[George F. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Nov 8, 1General

First Presidency and Twelve discuss a payment ranging from $10,000 to $25,000 to Frank Dyer, receiver in church suits. Dyer wanted $25,000 in compensation, and church leaders were afraid that not compensating him enough would result in further harassment of Mormons in the form of anti-polygamy law enforcement. Several of the brethren felt this requested compensation was a form of blackmail. Rumors suggest Dyer is compensating deputies for each arrest they make.

[First Presidency Office Journal, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Nov 8, 1888

[David H. Cannon]
In such sacred matters as second anointings it must be understood that those only who are quite aged, and whose life and labors in the Church entitles them to this blessing shall be recommended by the Presidency of the Stake... Wilford Woodruff to Charles Sperry, Oct. 24, ... if we see a person who we think is here to take another wife, we should not talk about it for there is [a] danger of him doing so. At the time the Tucker Edmunds bill became Law, President [John] McAllister sent me to Salt Lake City to see President [John] Taylor and learn what we should do as the penalties were very heavy for the person who performed an illegal Marriage and this class of cases would be illegal under this new law. The President of the Church said, There must be no more Plural Sealings in the Temple and we will leave the responsibility upon our enemies and I can give you my word that the instructions then given ha[ve] been faithfully carried out. Keep a correct Record of all the work you may do here today. ...

[David H. Cannon, Temple Minute Book, St. George, Nov. 8, 1888, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

175 years ago today - Nov 8, 1843

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Guardianship Announced -- Hyrum Smith -- announced that he has been appointed guardian of Joel Bulard of Nauvoo, who was considered by the court to be insane.

[http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

180 years ago today - Nov 8, 1838

General Wilson surrounds Adam-ondi-Ahman, Adam Black convenes a court of inquiry. Joseph and other prisoners in Independence start for Richmond with three guards who get drunk. Prisoners take their arms and horses but apparently do not attempt to escape.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

185 years ago today - Nov 8, 1833

[Joseph Capron (neighbor to the Smiths)]
... The family of Smiths held Joseph Jr. in high estimation on account of some supernatural power, which he was supposed to possess. This power he pretended to have received through the medium of a stone of peculiar quality. The stone was placed in a hat, in such a manner as to exclude all light, except that which emanated from the stone itself. This light of the stone, he pretended, enabled him to see any thing he wished. Accordingly he discovered ghosts, infernal spirits, mountains of gold and silver, and many other invaluable treasures deposited in the earth. He would often tell his neighbors of his wonderful discoveries, and urge them to embark in the money digging business. ...

The sapient Joseph discovered, north west of my house, a chest of gold watches; but, as they were in the possession of the evil spirit, it required skill and stratagem to obtain them. Accordingly, orders were given to stick a parcel of large stakes in the ground, several rods around, in a circular form. This was to be done directly over the spot where the treasures were deposited. A messenger was then sent to Palmyra to procure a polished sword: after which, Samuel F. Lawrence, with a drawn sword in his hand, marched around to guard any assault which his Satanic majesty might be disposed to make. Meantime, the rest of the company were busily employed in digging for the watches. ... the devil came off victorious, and carried away the watches. ...

[Eber D. Howe, Mormonism Unvailed (Painesville, Ohio: E. D. Howe, 1834), 258-60., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Capron Statement]

10 years ago today - 11/7/2008

[Proposition-8]
[After passage of prop-8] Protesters march peacefully around Salt Lakes Temple Square

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

35 years ago today - Nov 7, 1983-Monday

[Leonard Arrington]
This morning I went through a "live" endowment ceremony at the Salt Lake Temple. I went at the invitation of a very close friend [Brook Bowman] who wanted to go through for her own endowment and who wanted me to go through with her.

I was dismayed to find how little of the ceremony I remembered. It must have been years since I went through an endowment session. ... Certain things still irritated me. The repeated use of "It is well." Also the preoccupation with the signs of the penalty. Certain other things have now been eliminated, e.g., the elimination of the flaming sword, and the elimination of the Protestant hymn we always used to sing. I keep thinking that so many beautiful things could be said to make the ceremony more memorable and beautiful and substantive. I think of many people that I would not encourage to go through the temple, who would be turned off by it, who would not get the spiritual lift that it promises. The building is beautiful-the rooms, the paintings, the hallways, the woodwork and painting and art work. The uniform [white robes] impresses me as being quite Arabic-or perhaps ancient Greek. The hat, the robe, the apron, all look quite Greek, except for the length of the robe. The ceremony is also quite masonic, and could be improved to make it less so. Even the prayer circle, which I have remembered as a poignant moment in the ceremony, seemed this time to be mostly a preoccupation with ritual and ceremony, tokens and signs. The prayer seemed to be an afterthought, subsidiary to the principal part which was the performance of the various signs. I had remembered it as a splendid and intimate fellowship in which we joined hands in a solemn beseeching on behalf of the sick. It did not seem that way this time.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

160 years ago today - Nov 7, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
An opposition paper is being published in this City by Kirk Anderson. It is Called Kirk Andersons valley Tan. The first peace strikes out against Polygamy in Strong terms.

They are seting at liberty a thousand or more teamsters at Col Johnsons Camp which are filling our Cities & towns with rowdyism & Crime to get up a fuss with the Saints.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Nov 7, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]
Election. This day decides who is Elected President of the United States for the next four years to come. I have not cast A vote for A President since this nation Shed the Blood of the Prophets Joseph And Hiram Smith Neither do I expect to. I spent the day at home while most men went to the Election.

The Electric telegraph has become so perfect And universal through the United States that citizens of New York recieved the returns of many of the States of the Union before they did the returns of the City itself, And before the papers went to press next morning after the Election, returns had been recieved enough to show that Gen Taylor was Elected President of the United States by an overwhelming majority.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Nov 7, 1843

According to the NAUVOO NEIGHBOR (Nov 8) August Cobb Young's child, Brigham Cobb, dies at age 5 months. This was five days after her plural marriage to Brigham Young on November 2, 1843. Augusta was still legally married to the father, non-Mormon Henry Cobb.

[Nauvoo Neighbor (Nov 8)]

185 years ago today - Nov 7, 1833

[Parley P. Pratt]
"About two o'clock the next morning we were called up by the cry of signs in the heavens. We arose, and to our great astonishment all the firmament seemed enveloped in splendid fireworks, as if every star in the broad expanse had been hurled from its course, and sent lawless through the wilds of ether. Thousands of bright meteors were shooting through space in every direction, with long trains of light following in their course. This lasted for several hours, and was only closed by the dawn of the rising sun. Every heart was filled with joy at this majestic display of signs and wonders, showing the near approach of the coming of the Son of God."

[Autobiography of Parley Parker Prat, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

185 years ago today - Nov 7, 1833

The Saints are driven from Jackson County to Clay County, Ray County, Van Buren County (and from Van Buren County to Lafayette County). On both sides of the Missouri River, 1200 homeless Saints gather, destitute, camping out in tents.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

55 years ago today - Nov 6, 1963

Congressman Harding wrote that "prospects in the Church do look brighter with the assignment of Ezra Taft Benson to Europe."

[Ralph Harding to Richard D. Poll, 6 Nov. 1963. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

120 years ago today - Nov 6, 1898; Sunday

[Heber J. Grant]
... B H Roberts' reply to Gov[ernor]. [Heber M.] Wells in this morning's [Salt Lake] Herald disgusts me almost if not quite as much as the Governor's speech did. Politics is a good thing to have nothing to do with. ... I met Apostle Brigham Young [Jr.] ... and we chatted together on the political situation. He agreed with me perfectly that Bro[ther] Wells had made a great mistake and that Bro[ther] Roberts had done equally as bad in replying the way that he had. ...

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

160 years ago today - Nov 6, 1858

Kirk Anderson's Valley Tan begins in Great Salt Lake City – Deseret News' first opposition paper. It ran for 16 months.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

180 years ago today - Nov 6, 1838

General Clark addresses the Saints in Far West, telling them that it is only out of kindness that he is allowing them to leave the state instead of murdering them, and that "as for your leaders, do not once think—do not imagine for a moment—do not let it enter your mind that they will be delivered, or that you will see their faces again, for their fate is fixed—their die is cast—their doom is sealed." He then takes the new prisoners from Far West and heads for Richmond under a large guard.

The brethren were compelled to sign deeds of trust for paying the expense of the mob. About sixty men were retained as prisoners, and the remainder of the Saints ordered to leave the State, according to the exterminating order of Gov. Boggs.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

10 years ago today - 11/5/2008

[Proposition-8]
[The day after Prop-8 passes] Proposition 8 opponents file the first lawsuits questioning the legality of the proposition's passge. Ruth Youth proclaim International Mormon Appreciation Day

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

105 years ago today - Nov 05, 1913

Ground is broken for the Alberta Temple (later the Cardston Alberta Temple), the first temple outside of the United States.

115 years ago today - Nov 5, 1903 (Thursday)

The authorities of the Church purchased the old Carthage jail in which the Prophet Joseph Smith and Patriarch Hyrum Smith were assassinated. The cost of the building and the grounds (two acres) was $4,000.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Nov 5, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
Elder Clawson said that he had been approached by a bishop who wanted to know the view of the council in regard to the Word of Wisdom, as to whether it was now binding upon the church as a commandment, as thus saith the Lord. Pres. Smith replied that it is so regarded. Benediction.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

115 years ago today - Nov 5, 1903; Thursday

[Anthony Ivins]
When someone wanted to move from one ward to another, they were supposed to obtain a "recommend" from their bishop indicating their standing in the church, which they could carry with them to their new bishop. The Deseret News Press had apparently just printed the new forms.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

175 years ago today - Nov 5, 1843

Joseph Smith becomes violently ill at dinner and assumes that his wife Emma has poisoned him due to her opposition to polygamy. At the prayer circle meeting that evening Joseph Smith accuses her, and Brigham Young regards her shocked silence as proof of her guilt.

[Joseph Smith Diary] [Joseph] Was taken suddenly sick at the dinner table. Went to the door and vomited /all [his] dinner/. [His] jaws [were] dislocated and raised fresh blood. Every symptom of poison. [several lines left blank]

Prayer Meeting eve at the Hall over the store. <Joseph did not dress [in robes of the priesthood, as customary], nor Emma> [several lines left blank]

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power;Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1843-44, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

180 years ago today - Nov 5, 1838

Joseph and the other prisoners are kept under a small guard. Parley P. Pratt escapes; but fearing reprisals against Joseph and the others, he decides to return voluntarily. General Clark arrives in Far West to arrest 56 additional prisoners.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Nov 5, 1833

Early in the morning A. S. Gilbert, Isaac Morley, and John Corrill are taken to prison and shot at on the way. Rumors spread that Lt. Gov. Boggs is behind the mob. Rumors also spread that the three prisoners will be shot, and 100 Saints gather to protect them. Before a full-scale war breaks out, however, the Saints decide to surrender their arms if the Missourians also promise to disarm. The Mormons later discover that the leaders of these harassers seem to be Lt. Gov. Boggs, the Rev. Isaac McCoy, Judge S. D. Lucas, and almost every other local government official. In the evening of November 5 and 6 about 150 women and children flee to the prairie with only six men to protect them.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - 10 years ago - Nov 4, 2008

California voters adopted the constitutional amendment [Prop-8] outlawing same-sex marriage, overturning the state Supreme Court decision just months earlier giving gay couples the right to wed.

[Prop 8 Timeline, NBC San Diego, http://www.nbcsandiego.com/news/politics/Proposition-8-Timeline-History-California--138796454.html]

120 years ago today - 120 years ago - Nov 4, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
Long chat with Pres Snow on the financial condition of the Church ... Called on John M. Cannon and had a chat with him in regard to N W Clayton's claim against [member of the Twelve] A[braham] H Cannon's estate. F M Lyman, J F Smith & Jas H. Moyle claim. chat with Bros Lyman & Smith and suggested that I arrange the payment of their donation to the Utah Loan and Trust Co. by their paying party and cancelling their claims against A H Cannon's Estate and they were glad to do this. I explained that John M. Cannon administrator was on hand to make an extra payment of 4000 to Ogden Bank on this basis.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Nov 4, 1838

If I do not meet you again in this life may God grant that we may somehow meet in heaven.- Letter to Emma from Carthage Jail

[The Temple Timeline (Masons, Ancient Temples, Garments and a Lot More), http://www.exploringmormonism.com/the-temple-timeline-masons-ancient-temples-garments-and-a-lot-more/]

180 years ago today - 180 years ago - Nov 4, 1838

General Clark arrives in Far West with 1600 men and 500 more on the way. (Six thousand men had thus visited Far West within a week, when it only had 500 men to defend it.) Clark forbids anyone to leave the city, and the starving Saints are forced to live on parched corn. Joseph and the other prisoners arrive in Independence. One lady asks which of the prisoners is the one the Saints worship as Lord and Savior. When Joseph replies that he is nothing but a man sent by Jesus Christ to preach the gospel, he is able to preach a sermon to the lady and the others, thus fulfilling his own prophecy of a few months previous that an elder would preach a sermon in Jackson County before the close of 1838.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - 185 years ago - Nov 4, 1833

In compliance with the Aug revelation, Mormons engage in their first war-like confrontation in the so-called "Battle of Blue River," near Independence, Missouri. Led by Book of Mormon witness David Whitmer, the Mormons kill two mobbers. Of the one Mormon death during battle, the official History of the Church calls Andrew Barber "the first direct martyr to the cause," despite the previous murder of missionary Brackenbury.

The mobs, 40 or 50 with guns, begin their destruction. They meet 30 Mormons, with 17 guns, led by David Whitmer. At sunset there is a battle, and two of the Missourians are killed (including one who had claimed, "With ten fellows, I will wade to my knees in blood, but that I will drive the Mormons from Jackson County"). Andrew Barber is also shot and dies the next day. Philo Dibble is wounded and lies dying for several days until Newel Knight administers to him; then Dibble immediately vomits up several quarts of blood and the bullet with which he was wounded. That evening the Gilbert and Whitney store is totally demolished, and several of the Saints are advised to go to jail, as that is the only safe place in town. Later that night, however, they return home.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

70 years ago today - Nov 4, 1948

Mission president Frederick S. Williams baptizes Avelino Juan Rodriguez and his wife, Maria Esther, the first converts in Uruguay.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

75 years ago today - Nov 4, 1943

I attended the council meetings of the Twelve and later the First Presidency. With Brother Lee and others later in the evening.

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

10 years ago today - Nov 4, 2008

Prop 8 passes in California

[History of The Proclamation on the Family, https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/e/2PACX-1vRDUS68wfgWtZqdNv67AqfYGGfHrJiZi-B6dlDhDClQOatExFZDFt73srGQoul3U4_iXiTuYIqW57gs/pubhtml]

40 years ago today - Nov 3, 1978

Democratic president Jimmy Carter signs the repeal of the provision in the 1862 Morrill anti-polygamy law which prohibits the church from owning more than $50,000 worth of real estate in U.S. territory. LDS leaders ask Congressmen to enact this as a protection for the LDS temple in American Samoa, yet one of the bill's Democratic co-sponsors is Roman Catholic Dennis Deconcini of New Mexico.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Nov 3, 1908

George Reynolds is legally committed to the Utah Insane Asylum, the first Mormon general authority to be hospitalized in a mental institution. The previous June, the First Council of the Seventy recommended that Reynolds be sent to the Oregon "sanitarium" because of his "physical and mental condition." It is unknown if he actually spent time in the Portland asylum, but Reynolds is a patient in the Utah asylum until 7 Feb. 1909. He dies six months later.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - Nov 3, 1888

Apostles Francis M. Lyman and John W. Taylor begin meetings with members of Canada's parliament and cabinet and with Premier John A. Macdonald himself. Canadian government informs them that it doesn't care if Mormon settlers are polygamists, but a man can have only one wife in Canada. Apostles agree to this condition.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Nov 3, 1843 (Friday)

Knowlton F. Hanks, one of the missionaries to the Pacific Islands, died. He was the first Latter-day Saint Elder who died and was buried at sea.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Nov 3, 1838

Joseph prophesies to Parley P. Pratt: "The word of the Lord came to me last night that our lives should be given us, and that whatsoever we may suffer during this captivity, not one of our lives should be taken."

[Parley Parker Pratt, Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt 192; Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - November 2

[Proposition-8]
Mormons end services with "keys of the priesthood" prayer for the passage of Prop 8, an extremely unusual act that causes some controversy in congregations.

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

40 years ago today - Nov 2, 1978-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
... William R. [Palmer] was a close friend of J. Golden Kimball, who usually stopped at his home on the way south and back. On one occasion Elder Kimball was assigned to St. George, and complained in the pulpit about the hot weather. His complaints were so pointed and straightforward that the people were offended. The stake president wrote President [Heber J.] Grant and told him not to assign J. Golden to St. George Stake again because the people had been offended by his remarks about their climate. President Grant put it off as long as he could, for several years, and finally he couldn't avoid it any longer. In order not to offend Elder Kimball, he had to assign him to St. George Stake. Once again he was there in August. It was very hot and humid. He arose in stake conference, took off his coat, wiped his brow, and said, "I was told that you people were offended by the remarks I made the last time I was here about the hot weather. Well, I might say that I understated the situation. It is hotter than ever. I don't see how you all stand it. If I owned hell and St. George, I'd live in hell and rent out Washington County." When Elder Kimball stopped at Brother Palmer's home on the way back to Salt Lake, he told about this and said, "The people in St. George have no sense of humor. You can't joke with them about St. George."

The Palmers said that there was a certain teenage girl in Parowan where they grew up who began to play very loose with the boys. She was very permissive and promiscuous and rather took pride in helping the boys lose their virginity. After this had gone through several of the young men in Parowan, they got together and decided she'd have to go. It would go badly against them if she didn't. They drew straws among themselves to determine who would do away with her, and finally it was determined that a Chamberlain boy would have to do it. So he took her up to a place on the mountain and pushed her off. That's one of those faith-promoting stories which comes out of small Mormon towns-at least in folklore.

There was also a certain Indian figure that they remembered who always walked into town from the reservation in a slow manner involving sort of a swinging of the hips, and sort of bow-legged. They said there was an explanation for that. When he was younger he started playing loose sexually with the Indian wives and maidens. He was warned several times by the chief and elders of the tribe that he must stop, but he didn't. So finally one day they grabbed him, attached a wire to his scrotum, and attached the other end to a tree and let him swing loose. From that point on he walked bow-legged.

A third story relates to a prominent family in Parowan. The old man was an important Church official in the community, stake president or bishop or counselor or high councilman or something. Anyway, his daughter married a young man and the father-in-law, the Church official, noted on several occasions that the young man had stolen his water. That was something one did not do in Southern Utah where water is so scarce. He warned the young fellow and warned him, but for some reason he was persistent and continued to take the water without authorization or permission. One day when he was riding down the street, the father-in-law shot him in the leg; and so he limped the rest of his life from that wound.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

160 years ago today - Nov 2, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
President Young said while speaking of the Indian war that it was better for us not to fight them but feed them well treat them kindly & they would kill far less of our people & die much Faster themselves than they would to fight them & drive them to subsist upon their former living upon roots & herbs. ...

The Brethren then went to Willow Creek to Settle a Difficulty with Elder A Cordon the President & Bishop Dives. There were three or Four Charges brought against Brother Cordon but when they were all investigated they did not amount to any thing as a fault. All the Branch voted to sustain him as Presidet the Bishops Councellor for the men who accused him four of his accusers were cut off from the Church. The people did not like to vote for Bishop Dives unless he would go by the Council given him.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Nov 2, 1843

Nauvoo Masonic Lodge met to discuss the Grand Lodge's revocation of its dispensation. It voted to continue to meet and work as a lodge.

[Homer, Michael W., Joseph's Temples: The Dynamic Relationship between Freemasonry and Mormonism, Chronology]

175 years ago today - Nov 2, 1843

Brigham Young (aged 42) marriage to Augusta Adams (1802-1886) (aged 40) married to non-Mormon Henry Cobb (divorced in 1847) Young later married her son's ex-wife, Mary Van Cott Cobb (No. 51). Grandmother of architect Henry Ives Cobb.

Brigham Young (aged 42) marriage to Harriet Elizabeth Cook (1824-1898) (aged 19) first marriage 1 child.

Joseph has Brigham Young seal him to Brigham's fifty-six-year-old twice-widowed sister, Fanny Young Carr Murray. She is the stepmother of Heber C. Kimball's wife Vilate and apparently Joseph's last-married plural wife.

Marriage - Joseph to Fanny Young Murray, age 56, already married. Fanny was already married to a living husband, Roswell Murray. Brigham Young reported the marriage of his sister to Joseph Smith in the Journal of Discourse:

"Now, don't talk to me; when I get into the celestial kingdom, if I ever get there, I shall request the privilege of being a ministering angel; that is the labor I wish to perform. I don't want any companion in that world; and if the Lord will make me a ministering angel, it is all I want." Joseph replied, "Sister, you talk very foolishly, you do not know what you will want." and then turned to Brigham, "Here, Brother Brigham, you seal this lady to me." Brigham said that Fanny submitted to Joseph's impromptu proposal and he "sealed her to him."

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives;Joseph Smith Polygamy Timeline, http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm;Journal of Discourses, vol. 16, pg. 166-167)]

180 years ago today - Nov 2, 1838

Sampson Avard is captured and begins to testify that Daniteism is an order from the Church. Joseph and the other prisoners are taken into town to bid a quick goodbye to their wives and children. The Saints are ordered to surrender all arms and sign away all possessions. Hyrum, who is very sick, is forced to march with the other prisoners. General S. D. Lucas writes the details of the conquest to Gov. Boggs. Prisoners are then put in covered wagons for a 60-mile journey to Independence, where they are to be sentenced.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Nov 2, 1833

The Saints in Independence move a half mile away from the city into the wilderness and camp there in groups of 30. Another mob attacks the Saints located on the Big Blue River, six miles from Independence. David Bennett, who has been sick in bed, is beaten terribly, and one of the mob receives a bullet in his thigh.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

100 years ago today - Nov 1, 1918

Joseph F. Smith dictates a "thus saith the Lord" revelation concerning the disbursement of tithing funds. This revelation is not presented to a meeting of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve until 8 Apr. 1943. Text available but never published or canonized.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

105 years ago today - Nov 1, 1913

[George F. Gibbs]
What are known as temple ages are 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys; that is, when boys and girls have attained these years they are eligible to receive their endowments, provided of course they bring to the temple regular temple recommends.

[George F. Gibbs, Letter to Mrs. M. E. Corbet, Nov. 1, 1913, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Nov 1, 1893

[John M. Whitaker]
The growing difference between President B. H. Roberts and the First Presidency represented by President F[rancis]. M. Lyman, as to which is greater the High Priest or the Seventy, Brother Roberts holding that the Seventy is an Apostle in authority, as held by Joseph Young First President of the Seventies when organized, is assuming a rather dangerous condition in their correspondence, Brother Lyman claiming opposite views, Brother Roberts says he will hold that his views are correct until the First Presidency settles the matter. Then there is another great question that has been brewing ever since statehood between Brother Roberts and Moses Thatcher, on the one hand and F[rancis]. M. Lyman and John Henry Smith on the other, on the question of Church and State, and the First Presidency having stated that all members of the Church have the perfect freedom to vote as they please on all political matters, and Brother Roberts and Thatcher are taking exceptions to what they call church influence, and some of the brethren interfering with the agency of members of the Church, while F[rancis]. M. Lyman, John Henry Smith and John Morgan are going around trying to get Democrats to become Republicians, or getting Democrats to vote for certain Republicans, and this has created a very bitter controversy increasing the differences already existing, and the Brethren are writing in the Press and saying many unkind things against the general Authorities interfering with members, and this is called church influence, and all this is boding no good for the church.

[John M. Whitaker, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

165 years ago today - Nov 1, 1853

First issue of British Mission's Journal of Discourses, most famous collection of Mormon sermons which had been published previously in Deseret News.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Nov 01, 1843

Joseph Smith republishes in the Times and Seasons an earlier 1831 revelation, which includes these commandments: Smith republishes condemnation of adultery. "Thou shalt not lie; he that lieth and will not repent shall be cast out. Thou shalt love thy wife with all thy heart, and shall cleave unto her and none else; and he that looketh upon a woman to lust after her, shall deny the faith, and shalt not have the spirit, and if he repents not he shall be cast out. Thou shalt not commit adultery; and he that commiteth adultery and repenteth not, shall be cast out but he that has committed adultery and repents with all his heart, and forsaketh it, and doeth it no more, thou shalt forgive; but if he doeth it again, he shall not be forgiven, but shall be cast out. Thou shalt not speak evil of thy neighbor, nor do him any harm. Thou knowest my laws concerning these things are given in my scriptures: he that sinneth and repenteth not, shall be cast out."

[Times and Seasons, Vol.4, No.24, p.369; Joseph Smith Polygamy Timeline, http://www.i4m.com/think/polygamy/JS_Polygamy_Timeline.htm]

175 years ago today - Nov 1, 1843

[Anointed Quorum]
Prayer circle at the Mansion House in the evening, "29 present," anointing and endowment for Mercy R. Fielding (Thompson Smith), Jennetta Richards (Richards), Leonora Cannon (Taylor), Mary Ann Angel (Young), and Vilate Murray (Kimball) . Mercy, Hyrum Smith's secret plural wife, is often confused in references to "Sis Fielding" with Hannah Greenwood (Fielding) whose husband would not join the quorum for five weeks. Emma Hale Smith performed the washings and anointings for the women.

Brigham Young records in his journal: "Mary A. young admited in to the piest orderer Priesthood"

This is the last known occasion in which Emma Smith performs the washing and anointing for women receiving the endowment ceremony.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Signature Books, 1994, Appendex: Meetings and Initiations of the Anointed Quorum, 1842-45, http://amzn.to/origins-power; Brigham Young Journal #3, typescript; Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

180 years ago today - Nov 1, 1838

Hyrum Smith and Amasa M. Lyman are added to the group of prisoners. A long court-martial is held, which lasts until midnight. During this time, the militia goes into various Mormon settlements, robbing, destroying, ransacking, and raping at will. After the court-martial, General Lucas orders Brigadier General Doniphan to "take Joseph Smith and the other prisoners into the public square of Far West, and shoot them at 9 o'clock tomorrow morning." Doniphan answers, "It is cold-blooded murder. I will not obey your order. . . . If you execute these men, I will hold you responsible before an earthly tribunal, so help me God." [Doniphan had previously been hired to be Smith's lawyer.]

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Nov 1, 1833

On this Friday night, a mob moves to attack the Colesville Branch, which is located on the prairie about 13 miles west of Independence. Two advance spies contact Parley P. Pratt and hit him on the head with their guns, drawing blood. The other Saints are aroused and capture these two, keeping them for the night. This causes the rest of the mob to postpone their attack. Violence breaks out against the Saints' homes in Independence. The home of A. S. Gilbert is destroyed. The Gilbert and Whitney store is destroyed; goods are thrown everywhere. Other houses are attacked and windows are broken, with Saints whipped and driven into the wilderness.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

195 years ago today - Nov 1, 1823

Alvin Smith, Joseph Smith's older brother, comes into the house in great pain. He is taken sick and dies 18 days later after an "emetic" administered by a local doctor substituting for the family doctor lodges in his digestive tract. This complicates things for Joseph as he claimed he had been instructed by an angel to bring Alvin to the Hill Cumorah to receive the plates.

210 years ago today - Nov 1, 1808

John Taylor, later the third President of the Church, is born in Milnthorpe, England.

[LDS Daily, www.ldsdaily.com]

5 years ago today - Oct 31, 2013

Meridian Magazine ("LDS Magazine") publishes an online article, "Are You a Liberal Mormon?" by Joni Hilton. Due to a large number of complaints, the article was pulled from Meridan's website. An official from Meridan Magazine called the artcle "extremely offensive" noting that "James E. Faust was a liberal Mormon too." Of liberal Mormons, Hilton said:

They decided which aspects of our faith to accept or reject, from honoring the Sabbath to wearing less than modest clothing. Basically, it described people who were members of convenience. When they didn't like something the Prophet said, they felt perfectly fine skirting around that one, and writing their own rules.

... Jack Mormons are obvious about it, too—you see them staggering out of a bar, or heading into the shopping mall on Sundays.

Liberal Mormons are more slippery. They often attend church, but they're the ones who dodge Gospel Doctrine class because the teacher is "so by-the-book." ... why should I attend a class taught by someone so narrow-minded?...

They disagree with several points in the Proclamation to the World (sic), say no to callings that insult their intelligence, and create their own spin on how God will ultimately judge us (very leniently, usually). ...

Invariably liberal Mormons do not read their scriptures every day. They do not attend the temple, they do not show up to help someone move, and they do not Home Teach or Visit Teach with regularity. They view those who do as quaint minions who never question authority and who follow the rules like mindless sheep. ...

Former Young Women President, Elaine Cannon, once said, "When the Prophet speaks, the debate is over." This is because the prophet is speaking for God and telling us what He would have us hear. He is not just the president of a corporation, giving us his personal views. ...

[Meridian Magazine (LDS Magazine), "Are You a Liberal Mormon"]

55 years ago today - Oct 31, 1963

The Missionary Training Institute president (a son-in-law of Apostle Harold B. Lee) expressed concern about covert efforts to convert LDS missionaries to the Birch Society. He indicated that "he will resist efforts on the part of some of the young zealots among the missionaries to indoctrinate their colleagues in political extremism."

[Reported in Richard D. Poll to Ralph Harding, 31 Oct. 1963. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

100 years ago today - Oct 31, 1918

[James E. Talmage]
Today President Smith who is still confined to his home by illness, sent to the Brethren the account of a vision through which, as he states, were revealed to him important facts relating to the work of the disembodied Savior in the realm of departed spirits, and of the missionary work in progress on the other side of the veil. By united action the Council of the Twelve, with the Counselors in the First Presidency, and the Presiding Patriarch accepted and endorsed the revelation as the word of the Lord. President Smith's signed statement will be published in the next issue (December) of the Improvement Era, which is the organ of the Priesthood quorums of the church. [This would later be incorporated into the D&C as section 138.]

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

125 years ago today - Oct 31, 1893

First counselor George Q. Cannon "holds that [apostolic] seniority rests with Apostles who have not been of the Twelve as well as the Twelve." Second counselor Joseph F. Smith disagrees. By Cannon's definition, John W. Young outranks both Cannon and Smith. This would make Young the church's presiding apostle after President Snow's death in 1901, even though Young has never been a member of the Twelve. Lorenzo Snow rules in 1900 that apostolic ranking is by entry into the Twelve and not by ordination date as an apostle. This ends the possibility of Young's presidency, but not his hopes.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Oct 31, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
We were informed that M. C. Donald who murdered Brother Cook while on duty as a policeman has been killed at Green River under the following Circumstances: A man Called Sooty a mountain [man] while going with the mail said if He saw MCDonald He Should take him. He was to go east to the Devils gate & return but he met the Eastern mail & returned with it. While at Green river stoped to Camp & said that MCDonald had Committed Murder & he should arest him. MCDonald herd of it & went to him & drew his revolver & shot at Sooty. The ball passed through the upper part of his sholder. Sooty then shot M. C. Donald through the neck & he fell dead.

It was said that Sooty scalped him & gave it to a Friend to keep as a testimony that he had done the deed. Some people who were in favor of MCDonald drove of[f] Scoties squaw & horses.

A man that was a Mormon was shot with 3 balls on dry Creek for his money. The murderer is still at large.

I Called upon President Young & spent the afternoon with him and H C Kimball D H Wells A Carrington G A Smith & others. Brothers Jeremiah Hatch & William Miles arived from Sanpete with word from Arrowpeen. He says that it was Tamoke a young Indian the son of Uinta who killed Brother Brown. Then Brother Josiah Call shot Tamoke through the hips who has since died. The indians followed Brother Call & shot him. The Indians said they did not wish us to be mad about it.

Arrowpeen wished to know if he must shake hands with the armey. He says that all the Indians want to fight with the army for they have killed one of our best men & the Indians are mad, and they are gathering together to fight & Arrowpeen wants to fight & he will not be Controlled by any man but Brigham Young. They say that Mr Hurt the Indian Agent & other officers have told them that the United States Armey have Concocked a plan to send all their teamsters among the Mormons & to distribute the soldiers among the Mormons and when the Snows fall to Block up the Canyons they will fall upon the Mormons & kill Brigham Young his Councellors The Twelve and all the Chiefs of the Mormons in all this Territory and if the mormons would not fight now they will fight when their Blood mingles with the Blood of the Indians and the indians want to go to war.

They all acknowledge Arrowpeen as their Chief & he will fight unless Brigham Stops him. All the tribes in this region will Come together hold a Council & Join in the war. He says the /Sanpitch Peo[...] parvantes/ Piedes, Utahs, Shushonies, & Navahoes will all Join together to fight the soldiers. This is what they want.

They say that men appear to them in their Meetings. Come up out of the ground & talk to them & tell them they must not kill the mormons for the mormons are good & will soon be one with the Indian. The persons who appear to the Indians say they are their Brother. They said one man had a red pistol & if he shot it it would blow the mountain to peaces.

The Indians said that Judge Eckels had advised Col Johnson to place a part of the armey at Bridger a part at Cedar valley & some south so that when they make an attack upon the Mormons they Could kill them & they could not get out of the valley. Col Johnson has done as Judge Eckles advised him. This is the Indians Statement.

President Young wrote a Letter to Arrowpene by Brother Hatch & told him it was not good to shed blood. This places President Young in a vary singular position. While President Buchannan with the Congress and Armies of the United States are all laying plans to take the Life of President Young and the Indian Agents are trying to stir up the Indians to kill him then when the Indians turn round & wish to fight the United States President Young through his influence has to hold back the instruments of Death from killing the vary men who are seeking his own life. But the Lord will reward him for his patience long suffering & forbearance & he will also reward all his Enemies.

Presidet Young said he believed this war Cloud would blow over. The time would Come when these things would Come to pass but he was satisfied the time was not now. Arrowpeen said that Forney was a Fool that he had a small heart but it was as black as night. President Young had a great heart & it was as white as snow. When the Lords time Come for war the Indians will not feel like holding back neither shall I but that time has not Come now.

I met with the Twelve in the prayer Circle. Brother C C Rich opened by Prayer. F. D. Richards was mouth in the Circle. We Consecrated a Bottol of Oil.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Oct 31, 1848

[Wilford Woodruff]
... [July 9th letter from SLC states that] there Harvest of wheat came in full & heavy. They had wheat Enough Alone to last the Encampment two years. Also that they had large crops of corn & was doing well. That it was Also Healthy. This was certainly Glorious news to us.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - (Wed) Oct 31, 1838

In the evening George Hinkle persuaded Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Parley P. Pratt, and George W. Robinson to talk with the Missourians. They are seized and made to surrender to General Samuel D. Lucas.

That night Joseph Smith and Lyman Wight are sentenced by a court-marshall to be shot the following day by Alexander Doniphan's troops,

[Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

185 years ago today - Oct 31, 1833

A mob of 50 attacks houses west of the Big Blue River, whipping and stoning women, men, and children.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

35 years ago today - Oct 30, 1983

The Church News reports that 70 percent of Gallup Survey respondents have "a highly favorable" view of LDS, and only 10 percent have "a highly unfavorable opinion."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Oct 30, 1978

First Presidency announces emeritus status for general authorities due to age, physical infirmity, or other reasons. Members of First Quorum of Seventy are first general authorities to receive this retirement.

45 years ago today - Oct 30, 1973-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
This morning at 9:00 a.m. the executives of the Historical Department were invited to meet with the First Presidency on the matter of exchanging documents with the RLDS Historian's Department. ... Earl [Olson, RLDS] will furnish Brother McConkie with xeroxes of the Kirtland Book of Revelations and xeroxes of other revelations which have been printed but are not in the Doctrine and Covenants. ... Brother McConkie said, "This opens the door I have looked forward to; namely, the opportunity of considering additional revelations in a new edition of the Doctrine and Covenants." He specifically mentioned two or three that he knew about that he has long felt should be included in the D&C and this will give him an opportunity of making a recommendation of that to the First Presidency. ...

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

55 years ago today - Oct 30, 1963

Joseph Fielding Smith ... wrote to Senator Harding on 30 October: "I think it is time that Brother Benson forgot all about politics and settled down to his duties as a member of the Council of the Twelve." Smith concluded this letter, "He is going to take a mission to Europe in the near future and by the time he returns I hope he will get all of the political notions out of his system."

[Smith to Harding, 30 Oct. 1963, photocopy in folder 2, box 4, King Papers, and in folder 22, box 5, Buerger Papers. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - Oct 30, 1963

Student conflict erupted at the University of Utah over Ezra Taft Benson's speech to the New Orleans Stake against federal integration of schools. One of Benson's defenders accused the university's newspaper of an "anti-rightist crusade." For almost a month the Utah Chronicle's editorial page was dominated by the Benson controversy, until President John F. Kennedy's assassination in November finally superseded it.

[Clark King and Richard Littlefield in Daily Utah Chronicle, 30 Oct. 1963, 4, answered by Frank G. Adams and Gary Henrichsen (who used the phrase) in 4 Nov. 1963, 2, rebutted by King and Littlefield in 6 Nov. 1963,4, who were in turn rebutted by Corydon Hammond in 8 Nov. 1963, 4, who was answered by King and Littlefield in 14 Nov. 1963,: 2. Editorially, the Daily Utah Chronicle published a cartoon (31 Oct. 1963,4) which depicted Benson's mission assignment as a banishment by Uncle Sam, not the LDS church presidency, which Gary Henrichsen then criticized in his letter to the editor of 4 November. In response the editors published an even more insulting cartoon of Benson (21 Nov. 1963, 2). From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

120 years ago today - Oct 30, 1898 (Sunday)

Elders B.F. Duffin and Chas. A. Haacke were taken out of the Methodist Episcopal church at Henry, Coddington Co, S.D. (where they were sleeping during the night), by a mob of five men, led by Quin McMullen. The Elders were followed out of town, threatened with tar and feathers and otherwise abused. The night was a bitterly cold one, and the Elders nearly perished through exposure.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Oct 30, 1843

Brigham Young's diary states: "Monday evening Baptized Sisters Cuoub [Auga Adams Cobb] & Hari[e]tt Cook." Two days later Joseph Smith marries these two women to Young. Auga Adams Cobb married Henry Cobb of Boston, Mass., in 1822. She left him five of her seven children to join with the Mormons. Her husband divorced her in 1847- four years after she married Brigham Young.

He baptized Sister Cobb and Harriet Cook, possibly in preparation for his plural marriage to them two days later.

[Quinn, D. Michael, "The Practice of Rebaptism at Nauvoo," BYU Studies (1978), 18:2:226]

180 years ago today - Oct 30, 1838

Haun's Mill Massacre. At about four P.M. approximately 240 men ride up to the small community of Haun's Mill (which has fewer than 15 buildings) and open fire on a flag of truce. Many of the Saints gather in the blacksmith's shop; guns are stuck through the cracks in the logs and fired until most in the building are dead. A few escape across the river into the hills. By the end of the massacre, 1600 rounds of ammunition have been fired at 40 people; 18 or 19 have been killed, and about 15 wounded. Among those killed are boys under 10 and men over 75 years old.As soon as Governor Boggs's exterminating order is received, General Atchison withdraws from the army at Richmond, Mo. At evening a state militia force of about 2,000 approaches and surrounds the city of Far West. They are led by General Lucas. The Saints spend the night building up fortifications and preparing for a massive battle in the morning.

Thomas McBride, the oldest victim, is "cut to pieces with a corn cutter...literally mangled from head to foot." Sardius Smith, one of the youngest victims, begs for his life from a militiaman who put "his rifle near the boy's head, and literally blowed off the upper part of it." Although her son Sardius and husband are dead, Amanda Barnes Smith is preoccupied with one of her surviving sons, because "the entire hip joint of my wounded boy [Alma] had been shot away." She reports obtaining "a vision" from God about the way to care for the injury and tells her son that "the Lord will make you another hip." She would later write: "It is now nearly forty years ago, but Alma has never been the least crippled during his life."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

65 years ago today - Oct 29, 1953

President McKay mentioned another matter which he said is one of great importance, and that is the new method of presenting the Endowment in our Temple that will be constructed in Europe. There will be no change in the endowment ceremonies but instead of having the members move from one room to another, we will bring the rooms to the people. He explained that that involves a great deal of study and preparation, and it will all have to be done here, undoubtedly in this [Salt Lake] temple before we introduce it there. The First Presidency feel that a committee should be appointed, who will be recommended by the Temple Committee ...

[Minutes, meeting of the First Presidency and Quorum of Twelve, Oct. 1, 1953, included in David O. McKay diary, Oct. 29, 1953, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

95 years ago today - Oct 29, 1923

[George F. Richards]
I spent the day at the Temple. Jos[eph] F. Smith Jr. & Stephen L. Richards spent two hrs. with me in the Temple going over the Temple ordinances, considering proposed changes. Adjourned until 2 P.M. tomorrow.

[George F. Richards diary, Oct. 29, 1923, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

120 years ago today - Oct 29, 1898

[J. Golden Kimball]
Bro[ther] [Heber J.] Grant told me how Rudger Clawson was called to the Apostleship. The Apostles handed in names to fill vacancy. The Presidency considered these names. It is thought that his name was not mentioned by the Apostles. Pres[ident] [Lorenzo] Snow suggested Bro[ther] Clawsons name and said it was the will of the Lord and all united in accepting him. I can readily see that if the Prophet of the Lord suggests a man to fill any vacancy, it is the will of the Lord, yet I am in doubt that a direct revelation was given.

[J. Golden Kimball, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Oct 29, 1893

[James E. Talmage]
This is the appointed day for the organization of the Theological Class in connection with the Church University. ... So many applicants had to be denied admission that it was decided on the recommendation of Prest. Angus M. Cannon to adjourn the class at its close to meet next Sunday in the Stake Assembly Hall.

The work outlined for the class is the consideration of the "Articles of Faith" of our Church: the Presidency having directed that I present to the class in the form of lectures the matter which I am preparing with a view to eventual publication as a text book for the theological organizations of our church schools, and such classes. May divine blessings rest upon the effort.

[The Journals of James E. Talmage—Excerpts, Compiled by J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dOE6pgN6OkBJIq-X73JGpCdt0p5b8_UdfTfLREz4uTg/]

130 years ago today - Monday, Oct 29, 1888

[John Henry Smith]
It was learned our brethren were withdrawing from the church in Idaho in order to vote. After consideration it was concluded we could do nothing and they better go on and vote.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

175 years ago today - Oct 29, 1843

Brigham Young wrote that Thirza Cahoon, Lois Cutler, and Phebe Woodworth were "taken into the order of the priesthood."

[Brigham Young Diary, Weber State Archives, as quoted at http://ordainwomen.org/quotes. See Quinn, "Mormon Political Conflicts" for full cite and context.]

10 years ago today - 10 years ago - 10/28/2008

A surge of donations from Texas, New Mexico, Idaho and Illinois begins flooding into protectmarriage.com's bank accounts following a $1,000,000 donation by Mormon Alan Ashton (who contributed a sum to match Bruce Bastian's $1,000,000 earlier donation to the No on 8 side). [Aston and Bastian co-created the popular Wordperfect software.]

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

120 years ago today - Oct 28, 1898

Lorenzo Snow opposes plural marriage. President Cannon says "Prest Snow had decided that Plural marriages must cease throughout the entire Church and that was absolute and affected Mexico as well as elsewhere". President Snow almost always opposed plural marriages, but administratively it was very tough to stop.

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

55 years ago today - Oct 27, 1963

In an address to southern whites of the New Orleans Stake on 27 October, [Ezra Taft Benson] condemned U.S. presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy for sending federal troops to aid school integration of African-Americans in the South. Then the apostle praised the Birch Society to the Louisiana conference.

["Stake Conference Assignments," Deseret News "Church News," 19 Oct. 1963, 4; "Benson, Graham Rip Wheat Sale," Deseret News, 28 Oct. 1963, A-6; "Benson Says Black is Red," Daily Utah Chronicle, 29 Oct. 1963,1. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

120 years ago today - Oct 27, 1898; Thursday

Elder Brigham Young feared that the business of running the College [in Logan] and the B[righam]. Y[oung]. Academy [in Provo] had been left too much with the Presidents of those institutions, and this had resulted in extravagance. He feared also that the spirit of rivalry between the two schools was indulged in to the detriment of the students and at a sacrifice of their faith. This was contrary to the spirit of the deed of trust given to those institutions. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

180 years ago today - Oct 27, 1838

A funeral is held for David Patten. Joseph testifies, "There lies a man that has done just as he said he would—he has laid down his life for his friends." Governor Boggs's exterminating order is issued. Hearing the many rumors of the destruction and insurrection of the Saints, Boggs orders that "the Mormons must be treated as enemies and must be exterminated or driven from the state, if necessary for the public good. Their outrages are beyond all description."

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Oct 26, 1843

Joseph Smith seals Dr. John M. Bernhisel to his deceased sister Maria Bernhisel.

180 years ago today - Oct 26, 1838

A mob of almost 2,000 begins to camp at Richmond, Mo.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

40 years ago today - Oct 26, 1978

The Missionary Training Center in Provo, Utah, previously the Language Training Mission constructed in 1976, began training all missionaries.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

10 years ago today - October 25

[Proposition-8]
Media reporting that due to criticism, the LDS church pulls the plug on out of state phone banks.

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

55 years ago today - Oct 25, 1963

Hugh B. Brown warned a BYU audience against "extremists and self-styled patriots who label all those who disagree with them as Communists." Then in a more obvious allusion to Benson, he said that the First Presidency "deplore any attempt made by individuals to ascribe to the Church personal beliefs which they entertain." Newspapers observed that Brown's "remarks were taken as a rebuff to Mormon apostle Ezra Taft Benson who has repeatedly expressed his admiration for the John Birch Society and its founder, Robert Welch."

["Church Leader Rebuffs Self-Styled Patriots," Ogden Standard-Examiner, 26 Oct. 1963,9; also "President Brown Supports U.N., Hits Extremists," Deseret News, 26 Oct. 1963, B-l. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - Oct 25, 1963

U.S. under-secretary of state W. Averill Harriman asked Hugh B. Brown how long [Ezra Taft] Benson would be on this European mission. Brown reportedly replied: "If I had my way, he'd never come back!"

[Brown statement to Harriman and Richard D. Poll in Salt Lake City, 25 Oct. 1963, quoted in Poll's letter to D. Michael Quinn, 13 Aug. 1992. For the visit of Harriman, Brown, and Poll in Provo, see photograph in Provo Daily Herald, 27 Oct. 1963, 3. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

115 years ago today - Oct 25, 1903

Issue of the New York Times: "The imprisonment of Jacob Cochrane [sic] checked the spread of his dogma, but as the time of his release drew near his disciples grew rampant and received a new command to take "spiritual wives"... There were a few divorces, some marriages, and several elopements of spiritual partners, and finally emigration to Salt Lake City. Cochrane returned to his legal wife, broken in health and spirit, a "back number." One of Brigham Young's first "plurals," Augusta Adams Cobb (1802-1886) was a former Cochranite, or was influenced by the teachings of that sect, prior to her 1843 elopement with Brigham. Other prominent early Mormons who were possibly influenced by Cochranism include Mary Bailey (1808-1841) who married Elder Samuel H. Smith, and (even more likely) Agnes Moultin (1811-1876) who married Samuel's brother, Elder Don Carlos Smith.

[Brooke, John L. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology, 1644-1844. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1994. p.282; http://www.truthandgrace.com/1828polygamy.htm]

120 years ago today - Oct 25, 1898

[Eight and ten years after the Manifesto] Apostle George Teasdale, married 5th wife, Marion E. Scholes. 1900 May 17: married 6th wife, Letita Thomas. Marriage to Marion performed "upon the high seas" by Apostle Anthon Henrik Lund.

[Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

125 years ago today - Oct 25, 1893

[Francis M. Lyman]
Pres[ident] Cleveland signed the Bill to return the personal property of the Church, $300,000. This sounds like a little justice ... At 7:30 P.M. attended the citizens rally at the Theatre. I was fairly good but not near enthusiastic as I thought it would be.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Oct 25, 1838

The Battle of Crooked River. Rumors spread throughout the state that the Mormons are fighting back in strength. Citizens organize a militia under Samuel Bogart, who rides to drive the Mormons from the southern part of Caldwell County. When Captain David Patten (known as Captain Fear-Naught) hears this, he assembles 70 elders [Danites] and marches to Bogart's camp on the Crooked River. At dawn they attack and Bogart's men flee across the river. The Saints take the supplies left behind by the Missourians, but seven Saints are wounded and three eventually die, including Patten himself, the first martyred apostle.

Apostle Parley P. Pratt kills a militiaman, and wounds another who (while unconscious on the ground) is mutilated by enraged Danites.

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

10 years ago today - October 24

[Proposition-8]
Salt Lake Tribune states "literature written by Proposition 8 proponents is freely distributed in Mormon wards, giving the impression the church approves it, but much of it is "misinformation," said Morris Thurston, an LDS attorney in Orange County. Thurston has circulated a point-by-point refutation to an anonymously authored document that has been widely disseminated by Mormons, "Six Consequences . . . If Proposition 8 Fails." Thurston argues that most of its arguments are either untrue or misleading."

[Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]