10 years ago today - Sep 25, 2007

After a trial in St. George, Utah, Warren Jeffs is found guilty of being an accomplice to rape for performing a wedding between a man, 19, and a 14-year-old girl. Under Utah law, a 14-year-old can consent to sex in some circumstances. But, sex is not considered consensual if a person under 18 is enticed by someone at least three years older.

[Source: Gartner, Hana, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Timeline: History of Polygamy]

85 years ago today - Sep 25, 1932

The New York Times reports that David Abbott ("Ab") Jenkins has set the land-speed record during a twenty-four hour period, on of the many world records in his "Mormon Meteor" cars. He single-handedly turns Utah's Bonneville Salt Flats into a national speedway.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Sep 25, 1907; Wednesday

The 10 o'clock meeting of the First Presidency and Apostles was held this morning at the temple.

Present: Pres[iden]ts. [Joseph F.] Smith, [John R.] Winder, [Anthon H.] Lund and [Francis M.] Lyman, Elders John Henry Smith, Heber J. Grant, Rudger Clawson, Hyrum M. Smith, George Albert Smith, George F. Richards, Orson F. Whitney, David O. McKay and the Patriarch. ...

Brother McKay informed the council that leading educators of the country were beginning to express themselves in favor of introducing the reading of the Bible into our public schools; and that this matter had received the attention of the Sunday School Union Board, who were ready to advocate it; but before taking any steps in this direction, the Board wished to know the mind of the Council of First Presidency and Apostles regarding this matter.

It was the sense of the Council, on motion of Brother Clawson, seconded by Brother Whitney, that the Sunday School Union carry out its wishes and intentions by making a suitable petition to the Legislature. ...

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

115 years ago today - Sep 25, 1902; Thursday

The speaker drew attention to the condition of Tuba [Arizona] Ward. It seems that the limits of the Indian reservation have been so increased as to almost surround this little settlement, and the Indians appear to be very saucy towards the settlers. He understood that the government had appropriated enough money to buy out the holdings of the people of the entire ward, but that Bishop Brinkerhoff had the idea that he had been called there and could not leave or sell without that permission to do so. Bro[ther]. Cowley learned that unless the offer of the government were accepted it was very likely to be withdrawn, which would leave the people in a very embarrassing position and he recommended that the people be advised to sell out to the government and move elsewhere. They were laboring, he said, under one great disadvantage, that is, on account of their isolated condition they were living apparently within themselves, not able even to attend conference meetings in consequence of the great distance to travel. ...

Bro[ther]. [Rudger] Clawson said he attended the dedicatory services of the tithing office building last Thursday night at American Fork [Utah], Bro[ther]. [Abraham Owen] Woodruff and Bishop [Orrin P.] Miller being present also. The building had been erected out of tithing means at a cost of $3,800. It is the intention to use part of it for Stake purposes, such as High Council meetings and prayer circle. Bro[ther]. Clawson offered the dedicatory prayer.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Sep 25, 1882 • Monday

[George Q. Cannon]
T. O. Angell Jr., Archetect of the Logan Temple, submitted his drawings of the Melchesedec Stands of the Logan Temple. Prest. Taylor desired Bro. Jos. F. Smith, Bro. Woodruff and myself to examine the matter. While we were together the color which the woodwork of the Temple was to be painted was decided upon. I proceeded in company with the brethren to the Assembly Hall and the large Tabernacle to make measurements of the stands. The main object that I thought ought to be kept in view in constructing stands is to have them so arranged that those seated in the stands will not be entirely hid by the front stand from the Congregation. I think this is a grave defect, especially would it be in the Temple where the impressiveness of a small Assembly would be lessened if the men occupying the stand were hidden from the view of the Congregation.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

140 years ago today - Sep 25, 1877

[John Taylor]
Your favor of the 22nd, inst.[,] asking the form of ceremony you ought to use in rebaptizing persons who wish the ordinance, and also the form of ceremony in confirming the same, has been received. Your letter was read to the Council, and it has been decided that the proper form to be used in rebaptizing persons who have not been cut off the Church or dealt with for their fellowship is as follows: the person who has authority from the Lord to baptize shall go down into the water with the person to be baptized, and shall say, calling him or her by name, "Having been commissioned of Jesus Christ, I baptize you for the remission of your sins, and for the renewal of your covenants, in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. Amen." In confirming[,] it is proper to reconfirm the members of the Church and to seal upon them all the former baptisms, confirmations, ordinations, patriarchal blessings, and if they have had their endowments, their washings, anointings and their sealing ordinances.

[Source: John Taylor to Moses Thatcher, Sept. 25, 1877, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

150 years ago today - Sep 25, 1867

Zion's Camp-- ZION'S CAMP.

The Annual Re-union of the surviving Members of Zion's Camp will be held at the Social Hall, the day after the close of Conference, 4 P.M, under the direction of Bishop Hunter.

All Members of said Camp are respectfully invited to attend. By direction of the First Presidency, BRIGHAM YOUNG, HEBER C. KIMBALL, DANIEL H. WELLS. G. S. L. City, Sept. 19, '67.

[Source: 1867-September 25-DN 16:308 (September 25, 1867), in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

170 years ago today - Sep 25, 1847

[Hosea Stout]
At 2 oclock The council met again on Daniel Russells case. It appeared that he had went to President Harris for council & he told him how to confess humbly and then with dray[w] from the council as the best means to save his credit which he agreed to do but today when he was called on to do it he partly confessed but did not say anything about withdrawing from the council and so President Harris manifested his dissatisfaction at what Russell had said and signafied that it was not in conformity to his previous council whereupon the council called upon him to declare to them what his council was which he did and an on being closely pressed he also declared him unqualified to sit in council as he had lost his privy members & was an eunech.

This threw a new shade on the case and the council hardly knew what to do. The cas was argued considerably on both sides but no decision given and so that matter rested for the present. But Russell said not one word on that subject and afterwards we went on with our reports on his case untill time to adjourn

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

170 years ago today - Sep 25, 1847

Brs Young & Kimball went to the fort. ... Brs Young & Kimball made a purchase of some 50 Buffalo robes which were some damaged & un-merchantable. They everaged about $1.50 each. They also bought 3 Cows at $15 each.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

85 years ago today - Sep 24, 1932

[Letter from First Presidency]
Baptismal water not to be dedicated-- September 24, 1932.

[Source: Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

120 years ago today - Sep 24, 1897

It having come to the knowledge of the First Presidency that children and adults who had not received their endowments had been permitted to witness the marriage ceremony of their friends in one of the temples, the propriety of this was considered by the council of First Presidency and apostles; and I was instructed to request the president of temples to strictly forbid any person who had not received his or her endowments from witnessing the sealing ordinance.

[Source: George F. Gibbs to Marriner Wood Merrill and David H. Cannon, Sept, 24, 1897, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

175 years ago today - Sep 24, 1842

The QUINCY WHIG editorializes: "If [Joseph Smith] will listen to word from us, we would advise him to locate his new Jerusalem, away to the far West, in the Oregon country and there-govern the Saints in his own way-he would procure peace and quietness [without] molestation in the enjoyment of their peculiar notions in that distant country;-to the Government, the location of [the Mormons] would be an advantage, because it greatly needs settlers in that region; and doubtless, Government would do something right handsome for Joseph, in the grant of a gift of lands, etc., if he would guarantee the emigration of any number of settlers-"

190 years ago today - 24-Sep 27, 1827

Joseph Sr. spies on a neighbor, Samuel Lawrence, and others and discovers that they have hired a conjuror to find the plates. Emma is sent to retrieve Joseph Jr. from Macedon. Joseph Jr. goes into the woods to get the plates from their hiding place and on return is attacked and dislocates his thumb . Josiah Stowell said he was the "first person" who took the plates out of Smith's hands "the morning [he] brought them in" . William and Katharine Smith lifted and felt them through an old frock coat . Willard Chase said Smith worked in Macedon about ten days before Emma went after him , but Lucy Smith says it was only "a little while" or the "next day" before he returned. Knight said that he and Stowell stayed in Manchester for "several days" . Considering that they arrived on 20 September and were preparing to leave on the morning of the 22nd, it seems unlikely that Stowell and Knight would still be at the Smith home ten days later. The low-end date is determined by adding a minimum of one day in Macedon. The high-end date is determined by subtracting three days from end of month when Smith hides the plates in his father's cooper shop "a few days after" bringing them home.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

190 years ago today - 24-Sep 30, 1827

Joseph Jr. hides the plates across the road in the cooper's shop. During the night the box is found and destroyed by enemies. Smith explains that he had removed plates from the box and placed them in the loft. Lucy Smith says that this event occurred "a few days after" Joseph brought the plates home, and Martin Harris says it was before 1 October.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

190 years ago today - 24-Sep 27, 1827

Alvah Beaman, who was visiting the Smiths from Lavonia (NY), helps hide the plates under the hearth.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

185 years ago today - Sep 23, 1832

"The Lord chided Church members for not valuing the Book of Mormon sufficiently." Statistics for Joseph Smith show "... in the 173 discourses given in Nauvoo, Illinois for which contemporary records exist, Smith himself paraphrased the Book of Mormon only twenty-three times but quoted or paraphrased the Bible more than six hundred times. ... Although he described the Book of Mormon as more correct than any other book and as 'the keystone of our religion,' there is little evidence that he ever took time to study its contents as he did the Bible's."

[Source: Rick Grunder, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source; Phillip Barlow, 'Mormons and the Bible,' citing D&C 84:54-57]

185 years ago today - Sep 23, 1832

Joseph Smith received ... scripture in poetic form called the new song of Zion.

[Source: BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

190 years ago today - After Sep 23, 1827

10-12 money-diggers are clubbed with Willard Chase (a Methodist Class leader) who send for their own conjuror (Samuel Lawrence) to determine where the plates are hidden. Joseph Smith, Sr. investigates and finds the group at Lawrence's house.

[Source: Mormon Chronology, N. R. Tidd, http://www.exmormon.org/mhistory.html]

190 years ago today - 23/Sep 30, 1827

Lorenzo Saunders and others go to the Manchester hill [Cumorah] in an attempt to locate the hole from which Smith might have taken the plates but cannot find one.

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

50 years ago today - Sep 22, 1967

David O. McKay: after being asked by Benson for McKay's permission to address the subject of civil rights and communism, McKay recorded: "He briefly talked about the plight of the Negroes in this Civil Rights Issue, and how the Communists are using the Negroes to further their own schemes to foment trouble in the United States. He said that he would talk on this subject from the viewpoint of bringing peace in our country instead of uprisings of the Negroes in riots, etc. I told Brother Benson that under these circumstances, he may go ahead with his subject."

[Source: David O. McKay diary as referenced in Gregory A. Prince and Wm. Robert Write, David O. McKay and the Rise of Modern Mormonism. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press (2005)]

70 years ago today - Sep 22, 1947

J. Reuben Clark: "I told him [George Albert Smith] that according to a report from Bro. Babbel, the Quakers had made perhaps 100 times more [relief] shipments to Europe than we had, with half the church membership; ...thought we might wish to be a bit careful about our statements as to the great work we were doing for the Saints in Europe."

[Source: Clark Diary, September 22, 1947 as cited in Gary James Bergera, "Ezra Taft Benson's 1946 Mission to Europe" Journal of Mormon History 34:2 (Spring 2008)]

95 years ago today - Sep 22, 1922

Apostle Melvin J. Ballard preaches in the Ogden Temple: "Now, my brothers and sisters, I would like you to understand that long before we were born into this earth we were tested and tried in our pre-existence and the fact that of the thousands of children born today, a certain proportion of them went to the Hottentots of the south seas, thousands went to the Chinese mothers, thousand to Negro mothers, thousands to beautiful white Latter-day Saint mothers. Why this difference? You cannot tell me that the entire group was just designated, marked, to go where they did. That they were men and women of equal worthiness. There are no infant spirits born. They had a being ages before they come into this life. They appear in infant bodies, but they were tested, proven souls. Therefore, I say to you that long before we came into this life all groups and races of men existed as they exist today. Like attracts to like. Why is it in this Church we do not grant the priesthood to the Negroes? It is alleged that the Prophet Joseph said-and I have no reason to dispute it-that it is because of some act committed by them before they came into this life. It is alleged that they were neutral, standing neither for Christ nor the devil. But, I am convinced it is because of some things they did before they came into this life that they have been denied the privilege. The races of today are very largely reaping the consequences of a previous life."...

"The nature of the offspring is determined by the nature of the substance that flows in the veins of the being. When blood flows in the veins of the being, the offspring will be what blood produces, which is tangible flesh and bone, but when that which flows in the veins is spirit matter, a substance which is more refined and pure and glorious than blood, the offspring of such beings will be spirit children. By that I mean they will be in the image of the parents. "

[Source: The Three Degrees of Glory; Melvin J. Ballard; (Deseret Book Co.: Salt Lake City, Utah); pp. 10-11; Discourse given in the Ogden Tabernacle; September 22, 1922 ]

120 years ago today - Wednesday, Sep 22, 1897

[John Henry Smith]
Mrs. Merrit [?] was sealed to Joseph the Prophet, I representing the Prophet and Martha Sister Merrit.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

120 years ago today - Sep 22, 1897 (Wednesday)

Elder Janne M. Sjodahl had an audience with King Oscar of Sweden, at Stockholm; and his majesty was presented with a copy of the Book of Mormon in an onyx box, as a present from Scandinavians in Utah.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

135 years ago today - Sep 22, 1882 • Friday

[George Q. Cannon]
The first Presidency set apart Sister Zina D Young and Emeline B. Wells to go down to the Women's Convention at Omaha. Prest. Taylor was mouth in blessing Sister Young, and I was mouth in blessing Sister Wells. $200 was appropriated for their expenses.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

185 years ago today - September 22 and 23, 1832

Kirtland, Ohio. Doctrine and Covenants 84. Building Zion and its temple, lineage of the Holy Priesthood , priesthood of Aaron , greater priesthood and seeing God , lesser priesthood and John the Baptist , appendages (offices) to the priesthoods , sons of Moses and Aaron , linkage of Father, Son, priesthood, covenant , linkage of truth, light, and Spirit of Christ , linkage of apostles, high priests, friends , signs follow believers , non-believers damned , Saints must repent , Lord's friends travel without purse or scrip , cleanse feet against those who reject testimony , donations to missionaries and poor , lesser priesthood support missionary work , high priests, elders, priests, bishop travel , missionaries reprove world and Lord will shake heaven and earth.

[Source: Kenney, Scott; Saints Without Halos, 'Doctrine and Covenants,' http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/s/_dc.phtml]

190 years ago today - Sep 22, 1827

Heber C. Kimball is awakened by a neighbor, John P. Greene, to see a manifestation in the sky: "It was one of the most beautiful starlight nights, so clear that we could see to pick up a pin. We looked to the eastern horizon, and beheld a white smoke arise toward the heavens; as it ascended it formed itself into a belt, and made a noise like the sound of a mighty wind, and continued southwest, forming a regular bow dipping in the western horizon. After the bow had formed, it began to widen out and grow clear and transparent, of a bluish cast; it grew wide enough to contain twelve men abreast. In this bow an army moved, commencing from the east and marching to the west; they continued marching until they reached the western horizon. They moved in platoons, and walked so close that the rear ranks trod in the steps of their file leaders, until the whole bow was literally crowded with soldiers. We could distinctly see the muskets, bayonets and knapsacks of the men, who wore caps and feathers like those used by the American soldiers in the last war with Britain; and also saw their officers with their swords and equipage, and the clashing and jingling of their implements of war, and could discover the forms and features of the men. The most profound order existed throughout the entire army; when the foremost man stepped, every man stepped at the same time; I could hear the steps. When the front rank reached the western horizon a battle ensued, as we could distinctly hear the report of arms and the rush. No man could judge of my feelings when I beheld that army of men, as plainly as ever I saw armies of men in the flesh; it seemed as though every hair of my head was alive. This scenery we gazed upon for hours, until it began to disappear."

190 years ago today - Sep 22, 1827

Very early in the morning just after midnight) Joseph and Emma take Knight's wagon and drive it toward the Hill Cumorah. Joseph Smith later tells Henry Harris that he used the seer stone upon instructions from an angel to find the plates. Joseph Smith says, while Emma prayed (staying with the wagon), he retrieved the gold plates. Joseph is given the plates, Urim and Thummim, and the breastplate. Meanwhile, Joseph Smith Sr. and Josiah Stowell were digging for money (per Martin Harris). Joseph hides the plates in a fallen hollow birch log and returns home in the morning.

After breakfast he tells visiting Joseph Knight "It is ten times Better then I expected. Then he went on to tell the length and width and thickness of the plates and, said he, they appear to be gold. But he seamed to think more of the glasses or the urim and thummim than he Did of the plates for says he, I can see anything. They are Marvelous."

Lucy sends Joseph Jr. to a cabinet maker, probably Willard Chase, to make a chest in which to put the plates. Chase says this occurred in the "fore part" of September ...

A few days later Joseph brings the plates home and devises several hiding places inside the house. When unfriendly visitors surround the house, the Smiths charge out of the house at night shouting military orders, as if the militia was present, to scare off the intruders.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology; Palmyra Magic Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/palmyra-magic-timeline/; Mormon Chronology, N. R. Tidd, http://www.exmormon.org/mhistory.html; Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

40 years ago today - Sep 21, 1977

Joyce McKinney, 27, of Minneapolis, North Carolina, and Keith Joseph May, 25, of Los Angeles, California are formally charged in London, England, with "kidnapping, unlawful imprisonment, and possessing an imitation firearm with intent to commit an offense." They abducted LDS missionary Kirk Anderson, shackled him to a bed, and Miss McKinney, a former beauty pageant contestant, forced him to have sex with her.

125 years ago today - Sep 21, 1892 • Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
Sisters Zina D. Young, Isabella Horne, Bathsheba Smith, S. M. Kimball, Jane Richards and E. B. Wells called upon us, with Attorneys F. S. Richards and LeGrand Young. The latter had prepared articles of incorporation for the Relief Societies in such a manner that they could connect themselves with the National ladies society as a benevolent institution, and not have our relief societies appear as denominational. The question as to whether by doing this our relief societies would lose the character that was given to them by the Prophet Joseph came up and was fully discussed. Sisters Young and Horne seemed to have objections to this proposed incorporation, lest it would take from the relief societies the character which they had heretofore possessed. President Woodruff and myself did not look at it in that light, neither did Brother F. D. Richards, who was present. We thought that the end could be accomplished without in the least detracting from the character of the societies; at the same time by effecting the incorporation our sisters could have some voice in the national and international conventions.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - Sep 21, 1872 (Saturday)

Miss Phoebe W. Couzins, of St. Louis, and Miss Georgie Snow, daughter of Judge Zerubbabel Snow, of Salt Lake City, were admitted to the bar in the Third District Court—the first ladies thus admitted in Utah.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - Sep 21, 1857

At weekly circle of Samuel L. Sprague: "Br. P[hineai]. Richards [a member of Council of Fifty] spoke of coming in contact with our enemies. We have covenanted to avenge the blood of the Prophets and Saints. Why, then, should we hesitate to go forth and slay them-shed their blood-when called upon. Pres. Sprague spoke a few words in answer to the inquiry made by br. Richards; that the Lord had said 'vengeance is mine.' Nevertheless, we shall have blood to shed."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

185 years ago today - Sep 21, 1832

A meeting of the Executive Committee of the American Temperance Society designates Tuesday, February 26, 1833 (the day before the Word of Wisdom was received) as a national temperance day set aside for simultaneous meetings "in all the cities, towns and villages throughout the United States" hoping that "persons of all denominations, sects, and parties, can cordially unite."

A severe cholera epidemic swept the nation in 1832-33. Sometimes referred to as 'the destroying angel' it was thought that drinking greatly increased ones chances of death by cholera. The Executive Committee felt that through temperance, cholera, "that scourge of the nations ... would be nearly, if not altogether unknown" and "ever-growing light, purity, and joy, under the means of divine appointment, with all who obey the divine will, would universally prevail."

[Source: Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

190 years ago today - Sep 21, 1827

Around midnight Joseph Smith asks his mother, Lucy Mack Smith, if she has a box with a lock on it. She says she doesn't and Joseph says, "Never mind, I can do very well for the present without it-be calm-all is right." Minutes later Joseph's new wife, Emma, passes through the room in her bonnet and riding dress, and Lucy hears the two of them drive off in Joseph Knight's wagon-borrowed without permission-to get the gold plates from the Hill Cumorah.

100 years ago today - Sep 20, 1917

James H. Moyle is appointed as Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, serving to 1921, and again from 1939-40. He is the first Mormon to achieve a sub-Cabinet appointment in the U.S. government. Appointments of similar rank for other Mormons are the Assistant Attorney General Frank K. Nebeker (1919-21), Under-Secretary of State J. Reuben Clark (1928-30), Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Marriner S. Eccles (1934-36), Assistant Secretary of Commerce Robert H. Hinckley (1940-42), Assistant Secretary of the Treasury David M. Kennedy (1953-54), Assistant Secretary of Labor Esther W. Eggertsen Peterson (1961-69), Assistant Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare Rodney Brady (1970-72), Assistant Secretary of Interior Jack W. Carlson (1974-76), Assistant Attorney General Rex E. Lee (1975-76), Assistant Secretary of State Gregory J. Newell (1982-85), Under-Secretary of Commerce Sidney L. Jones (1984-86), Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services James O. Mason (1989-93), Assistant Secretary of Treasury Sidney L. Jones (1989-93). Clark is an LDS general authority in 1933; Mason in 1994. Mormons with equivalent of sub-Cabinet positions in non-U.S. governments are Tevita Mapa as secretary to Tonga's Premier; Alexander B. Morrison as Canada's deputy minister of National Health and Welfare (1972-84). Morrison becomes LDS general authority in 1987.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Sep 20, 1897

[John M. whittaker]
On the 20th, had an interview with President Jos[eph]. F. Smith of the Law of Tithing, United order and Order of Enoch, and invited me to come to his office ... and here for a long time the brethren explained, Tithing, United order, The Law of Consecration and the Order of Enoch. The Presidency believes that the Law of Consecration is the highest law of all.

[Source: John M. Whittaker, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

160 years ago today - Sep 20, 1857

John Lee leaves for Salt Lake, where he will provide Young with a detailed account of the [Mountain Meadows] massacre. According to Lee, Young first expresses dismay and concern that the massacre will damage the LDS reputation. The next day, however, Young tells Lee, "I asked the Lord if it was all right for the deed to be done, to take away the vision of the deed from my mind, and the Lord did so, and I feel first rate. It is all right. The only fear I have is from traitors."

[Source: Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

160 years ago today - Sep 20, 1857

Ten days after the Mountain Meadows massacre Heber C. Kimball preaches in Salt Lake City: "Do I want to shed the blood of my brethren and sisters, or to see it shed? No: and neither do you, unless the Holy Ghost dictates for us to shed the blood of our enemies; then it is just as right as it is for us to partake of the sacrament. But I wish they would take the hint, and go the other way, and not attempt to come here. We do not want to hurt them; but if they come upon us, and we have to repel them by the force of arms, God Almighty will give us the power to do it: now, mark it."

The next speaker, President Brigham Young, begins his sermon with "Brother Heber wants to know whether he has said anything wrong. So far as I am concerned, and so far as the truth is concerned, he has not."

190 years ago today - Sep 20, 1827

Josiah Stowell and Joseph Knight, Sr, arrived in Manchester and stayed with the Smiths for several days -- probably in anticipation of Joseph Smith, Jr.'s receiving the supposedly ancient record on the eve of the fall equinox.

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Oliver Cowdery Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/Cdychrn1.htm]

25 years ago today - Sep 19, 1992.

Victims: The LDS Church and the Mark Hofmann Case, authored by Richard Turley, managing director of the LDS Historical Department, is published by the University of Illinois Press. Turley claims "unprecedented access" to church officials and "previously unavailable documents." He acknowledges that "a substantial amount of writing was done on church time."

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

40 years ago today - Sep 19, 1977

British police arrested Joyce McKinney, 27, of Minneapolis, North Carolina, and Keith Joseph May, 25, of Los Angeles, California. The two Americans had arrived in England in Aug, sometimes identifying themselves as husband and wife and used a variety of assumed names. They are charged on Sep 21 with "kidnapping, unlawful imprisonment, and possessing an imitation firearm with intent to commit an offense" in the abduction and of 21-year-old LDS missionary Kirk Anderson of Orem Utah. McKinney, a former Miss USA contestant and BYU graduate student in drama, was in love with Anderson, traveled to England, abducted him, shackled him to a bed, and forced him to have sex with her. Formal charges are made two days later.

55 years ago today - Sep 19, 1962

The First Presidency rules that a prominent Egyptian polygamist can be baptized because polygamy is legal in Egypt. This is in reference to "an earlier ruling in the matter of Indians who had married more than one wife and it was decided that they may be baptized, if they were legally married according to their tribal customs." The First Presidency agrees that such legal polygamists cannot be sealed in temples, to avoid confusing the LDS policy toward Mormon Fundamentalists. With regard to black Africa, President David O. McKay says it "is a cruel thing" to require Nigerian polygamists to cease their legally polygamous marriages, yet the Presidency decides to forbid the baptism of black African polygamists (who are also denied priesthood ordination by LDS policy for all persons of black African descent). By contrast, the Egyptian polygamist, a Coptic Christian, is baptized in London in February 1963 and ordained an elder.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

120 years ago today - Sep 19, 1897

[George Q. Cannon]
Attended meeting in the Tabernacle at 2 o'clock. A great dread came over me about having to speak. I had not met with the saints here but once or twice since last General Conference, and I felt that I ought to say something; but I wanted to have one of the Elders break the ice, and so told my brother Angus, who was presiding. There was no one, however, suitable that he could see, and at his request I arose, but was very much frightened. ...

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon]

135 years ago today - Sep 19, 1882

Patriarchal Blessing of Samuel RosKelley by John Lyman Smith ... thy Guardian Angel hath watched over thee and whispered over thee words of comfort to thine heart and warded off distruction [destruction] and death from thy path, and will continue to do so until thou shalt accomplish a mighty work in Israel, and become a mighty man in Zion, thy wives and thy children shall not be few ... the destroyer shall flee at thy command, streams break forth on dry places to water thy people, mountains remove hence, prison doors open and the captive sent free, and when thou shalt return from thy speedy mission to the Ten Tribes thou shalt travel as upon the wings of thw [th]e wind. ... and many will fall down and worship thee except thou tellest them to worship the Lord. ... Thou shalt stand on the Earth, thy wives and children will be with thee a great army and meet thy Redeemeer [Redeemer], A Saviour on Mount Zion with the Hundred and forty and four thousand having the fathers seal in thy forehead. ...

[Source: Patriarchal Blessings]

160 years ago today - Sep 19, 1857

"The Mormon" ceases publication (New York City); John Taylor, editor. Began publication in 1855.

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

80 years ago today - Sep 18, 1937

A Deseret News Church Section full-page article "The Eleusinian Mysteries," which continues as another full-page article on 25 Sept. This is 100 years since an LDS periodical at church headquarters first described the Eleusinian Mysteries. Through 23 Oct. there are weekly full-page discussions of "The Mysteries of Bacchus" in two parts, "Orphic Reincarnation," and finally "The Mysteries Of The Great Mother."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

85 years ago today - Sep 18, 1932

The church's Adult Aaronic Priesthood program begins as a local innovation in the Salt Lake 28th Ward. It becomes a churchwide program the next year.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

110 years ago today - Sep 18, 1907

Front-page headline of 'The Logan Republican:' "Bear Lake Monster Appears: Leviathan Comes from Lake and Devours Horse While Men Shoot At It."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Sep 18, 1892

First Presidency Secretary L. John Nuttall writes in his diary: "I went on the 8 a.m. train for Provo. Found all well. This afternoon Mr. M. M. Warner called on me and requested permission to keep company with my daughter Eleanor. I explained to him my reason for my objections to her doing so, and to his keeping company with her with a view to marriage. . . . I told him I wished him to not keep her company at least until I had more proof of his intentions to settled down as a Citizen, and show by his acts of his honorable intentions, &c., also that I did not want him to come to my house to visit my daughter, but to treat her as any other lady but not anything further. Which he promised to do. He then asked my permission to come to the house this evening, which I granted. "This is a matter which has caused me much grief and sorrow. For I cannot consent for any one of my daughters to marry an outsider, and my daughter Eleanor seems almost determined to keep Mr. Warner's company, which is very strange to myself as also her mother. I walked out with my wife Elizabeth this evening for an hour and we talked over this matter. She is also much opposed as her feelings to Eleanor's wishes. I went to bed early, before which I went to the Lord in prayer and asked for the guidance of His spirit, and asked forgiveness for allowing Mr. Warner to even spend this evening at my house, for it is so repugnant to my feelings."

130 years ago today - Sep 18, 1887

[Moses Thatcher to Heber J. Grant]
Dear Brother Grant,

... Just previous to the time when George Q. could not 'remember whether he said it or not' would have been a more favorable time to act than the present. We live in an age when fixing, scheming and wire working often overreach even moral courage of the 'first water.' However I will see what can be done. And whether George's statement be confirmed or otherwise, it is true all the same And if it only leads to a full ventilation and reopening of other matters of vital interest to God's people, then shall I feel grateful.

This issue should surely come, perhaps the sooner the better. We can never claim the blessings of heaven, the approval of God or the companionship of the Holy Ghost while things remain in our Quorum as they are: for while the head is feverish the whole body must be sick. We cannot expect union in the body where the head is divided; nor confidence among the people where it does not exist among their leaders. 'A house divided against itself cannot stand.'

...With love to the brethren Yourself included I remain, Your brother in the Covenant, Moses Thatcher

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

165 years ago today - Sep 18, 1852. Saturday.

[William Clayton]
A very singular incident transpired this morning, which I will here record. The circumstances occurred with Chauncy G. Webbs team as they were ascending the hill near where we camped last night. ...

"As we were rising a sharp, but short hill, a ring which fastened the stretchers to the tongue of the wagon gave way, and our lead horses being under good speed, drew the lines from the driver, and started off on a fast gallop. They had not proceeded but a few yards, when the whipple trees, from some unseen cause, were instantly detached from the traces. ..."

This circumstance caused the hearts of the brethren to rejoice, and all who were acquainted with it could see that the angel of the Lord freed the horses from the whipple trees; because being fastened by steel springs, it was utterly impossible for them to become unloosed by accident; and the fact that the four became unhooked at the same instant, proves beyond a doubt that some unseen power was present to perform such an act so speedily. ...

This is not the only instance that the brethren have had, that the Angel of the Lord guards us by night and by day, and the hearts of the brethren are made to rejoice continually. ...

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

190 years ago today - Sep 18, 1827

Joseph Sr. buys lampblack and other painting materials ($2.44) for his "son". [In a few days, Joseph Smith Jr. would dress in black as instructed by the guardian, to obtain gold plates and other objects buried in the Hill Cumorah.]

[Source: Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, Appendix B: Chronology, 1771-1831, http://amzn.to/T5nY8w]

35 years ago today - Sep 17, 1982

Mark Hofmann interviewed by Peggy Fletcher, editor of Sunstone. The interview is published in Sunstone Review 2. Hofmann admits in the interview that with the high prices being paid for Mormon documents "there may be some temptation to forge." Later in the interview he says, "I'm in this for the money."

[Source: Whittaker, David J., The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case, BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80,]

75 years ago today - Sep 17, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
... I have known of course the feelings of some of the brethren to the effect that the great grandson of Patriarch John Smith should be made the Patriarch, and I have tried to feel that he was the right man. I have prayed earnestly to the Lord that if he were the right man the Lord would give me a manifestation to that effect, and I have never received it. Just recently I assured the Lord that I was very anxious that something be done and that I had made up my mind if the brethren were a unit in favor of this young man I might surrender and put him in, but I would not give my approval. ... Every time I have tried to appoint this young man [Eldred G. Smith] I have had a stupor of thought, and I could not do it. It breaks my heard for the sake of his mother and brother to have to tell them or ask someone else to do so, and I know it will almost kill them because they feel the boy ought to have the position. I have spoken to all the brethren and told them that if I named a man I would like them not to tell anybody he was not their choice, because we admit no man to our Council except that he understands that when we discuss a subject and the Council approves of it that a man, although he may have the opposite view, is expected to surrender that view and to be one with the majority. I realize that there never was a day when we could quite seem to be united as one on this man.... I have talked this morning with Brother Lee, he is the last to whom I have spoken, and all the brethren have manifested a very fine spirit in having him as their choice, and I nominate for your approval Brother Hyrum M. Smith's son, a grandson of the Prophet Joseph F. Smith'Brother Joseph F. Smith the third.

On the matter being put to a vote all the brethren voted unanimously in favor of the nomination. ...

I feel very happy with the selection and the voting, and I feel that it is worth a lot. My recollection is that it was very often talked of that Brother Brigham tried to get Joseph F. to take the two offices, but he was so loyal to his older brother he would not take the office of Patriarch. Brother Brigham felt he ought to be both an Apostle and a Patriarch. That was when I was a young man.

[Source: Minutes (Present: Presidents Heber J. Grant, J. Reuben Clark, Jr., Rudger Clawson, Elders George F. Richards, Joseph Fielding Smith, Richard R. Hyman, John A. Widtsoe, Charles A. Callis, Albert E. Bowen, Sylvester Q. Cannon, and Harold B. Lee), as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

75 years ago today - Sep 17, 1942

Heber J. Grant had called Joseph Fielding Smith on the phone, the Apostle on the phone, and told him that all of the other Apostles were in agreement to calling Joseph Fielding rather than Eldred [G. Smith] to the office and would he go along. Joseph Fielding replied, what about [George Albert] Smith, is he going along with this? Heber J. Grant said yes and that Joseph Fielding Smith was the only one yet that was not going along with it and he said well, he wasn't going to be'he wasn't going to hold it up if he was the only one that was objecting and to go ahead with it. He then'Joseph Fielding Smith, as he hung up the telephone, thought it rather strange that George Albert Smith would have agreed to this since he had been so much against it in the past and so he decided to call and ask him why he decided to change his mind, and so he picked up the telephone and called him and the line was busy, and he called several times and the line was busy. Then finally, he got through to him and he asked him the question and George Albert Smith said that he had just got off the phone with Heber J. Grant and that Heber J. Grant called and told him that George Albert Smith was the only one that had not yet agreed to having Joseph Fielding Smith put in as the next Patriarch, and he had asked whether Joseph Fielding the Apostle had gone along with this, and he said yes, that George Albert was the only one that was holding up. George Albert indicated that if he were the only one and if Joseph Fielding was going along with it, then he would'indicating that Heber J. Grant had'that each of them thought the other one was giving in and it was on that basis that they had agreed to the compromise choice of Joseph Fielding as Patriarch, when in fact, neither was the case until after the fact.

[Source: 'Conversation between E. Gary Smith and Eldred Smith on April 11, 1983,' April 12, 1983, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - Sep 17, 1902

Emmeline B. Wells, editor of 'Woman's Exponent' and later president of the Relief Society, writes, "Sister Walden told Em's [Emmeline B.'s granddaughter] fortune in her hand also Anna Henderson's."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

140 years ago today - Sep 17, 1877 (Monday)

The corner stones of the Logan Temple were laid.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

180 years ago today - Sep 17, 1837

At evening conference of elders, ... Over a hundred missionaries are given assignments. General conference of elders in Kirtland appoints Joseph and Sidney to visit Far West and locate gathering places "for a refuge and safety, in the day of the wrath of God which is soon to burst upon the head of this generation, according to the testimony of the prophets; who speak expressly concerning the last days."

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

95 years ago today - Sep 16, 1922

[George F. Richards]
I spent the day at the Temple where I read carefully all the ordinances used in the temples as changed and corrected and noted 18 times [where there are issues] which I think need changing. It is my intention to present these to the [First] Presidency for their consideration. I also detected 7 errors in copying the ordinances.

[Source: George F. Richards diary, Sept. 16, 1922, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Sep 16, 1892 • Friday

[George Q. Cannon]
The First Presidency went down to Mr. Dallin's studio, at his request, where we found Capt. Willard Young. Our purpose was to examine a statue of President Young which Mr. Dallin had nearly finished. It is 10 feet in height, and will stand on a pedestal 21 feet high. On one side of the pedestal will be an Indian, on another will be a trapper, on another will be an emigrant, and on another will be a beehive with an eagle upon it. These figures are to represent the condition of the Territory—first the Indian, next the trapper, next the settler. President Young stands with a cane in his right hand and his left hand extended. I criticized the eyes somewhat. Both appeared to me to turn in a little too much. The nose also was not as aquiline as the President's nose in life. Otherwise the statue I think is very fine.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon]

130 years ago today - Sep 16, 1887

[Heber J. Grant to Moses Thatcher]
Moses Thatcher Esq.

Logan Utah

Dear Brother:

Will you do me the favor of learning from Bro Merrill and the other members of the Logan Temple Corporation Directors, that is one or two of them whether they heard Angus M. Cannon say that his brother George Q. told him that he should have pulled my coattail.

It certainly looks to me as though someone had told a lie over this little matter and I would like to 'nail it.'

Erastus has informed George Q. that Grant, Thatcher & Lyman lacked confidence in him and that Grant had called him a liar. George declines to act on any Committee until these matters are all straightened up. I want us one and all to have the moral courage to tell all we have in our hearts against George Q. when this matter comes up again and not say we are satisfied with his explanations unless we are. I am ashamed of my part of the acceptance of his explanations on the John Q. matter. Come prepared to say all you wish to, and let us hope & pray that George Q. can straighten out matters so that we will have confidence in him hereafter and if he can't that we will say so. With assurances of confidence & esteem, I remain, Your Brother in the Gospel, Heber J. Grant

Be prepared to come down a day or two in advance of our meeting as I am inclined to think Prest Woodruff will want a meeting with us.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Sep 16, 1882

[Charles Lowell Walker]
St. George President of the Seventy "Spoke of the persecutions of the Saints in Missouri and Illinois, and the duties of the Seventies and the great things that would transpire before the winding up scene in 1891."

[Source: Larson and Larson, Diary of Charles L. Walker, p. 586 http://rationalfaiths.com/even-fifty-six-years-wind-scene/, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

135 years ago today - Saturday, Sep 16, 1882

[John Henry Smith]
Today Judges Hunter and Emerson decided in favor of the woman suffrage act.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - Sep 16, 1877

[Wilford Woodruff]
I will say here, before closing, that two weeks before I left St. George, the spirits of the dead were gathered around me, wanting to know why we did not redeem them. Said they, "You have had the use of the Endowment House for a number of years, and yet nothing has ever been done for us. We laid the foundation of the government you now enjoy, and we never apostatized from it, but we remained true to it and were faithful to God." These were the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and they waited on me for two days and two nights. I thought it very singular, that notwithstanding so much work had been done, and yet nothing had been done for them. The thought never entered my heart, from the fact, I suppose, that heretofore our minds were reaching after our more immediate friends and relatives. I straightway went into the baptismal font and called upon Brother [John D. T.] MacAllister to baptize me for the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and fifty other eminent men, making one hundred in all, including John Wesley, Columbus, and others; I then baptized him for every President of the United States, except three; and when their cause is just, somebody will do the work for them.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff discourse, Sept. 16, 1877 , Journal of Discourses, 19:229-30, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

140 years ago today - Sep 16, 1877

Wilford Woodruff preaches: "But when we came to this country, what did we find here? A barren desert as barren as the Desert of Sahara; and the only signs of life were a few black crickets, some cayote wolves, and a few poor wandering Indians." However his journal for Jul 24, 1847 reads: "We gazed with wonder and admiration upon the vast rich fertile valley which lay for about 25 miles in length & 16 miles in width Clothed with the Heaviest garb of green vegetation . . ."

160 years ago today - September 16 or 17, 1857

Brigham Young hears his first reports concerning Mormon participation in the massacre at Mountain Meadows.

[Source: Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

160 years ago today - Sep 16, 1857

[Utah War]
Capt. Van Vliet wrote his report to Gen. Pleasanton of his mission to SLC. He relayed Mormon belief that the Army's purpose was to continue previous religious persecution and would resist to the death the Army's entrance into SLC. If the Army were too large to resist, the Mormons would burn everthing and flee to the mountains. He wrote of his kind and hospitable treatment and his regret that he could not dissuade the determination to resist the Army.

[Source: Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

160 years ago today - Sep 16, 1857

[Wilford Woodruff]
Some indians called upon President Young. The Chief of the Bannocks was among them. Brother Hamlin was here with the Chief of the D[esert?] Pi[edes?] Totsigauah [Tutsegabits]. He was ordained an Elder. He called to see me & my garden. I gave him some peaches & peach pitts to take home & plant.

Presidet Young said He w[anted/ished?] the Elders to marry the squaws of the Tribes to fulfill the commandment of God &c.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

25 years ago today - Sep 15, 1992

Avraham Gileadi, LDS scholar who had published commentaries on Isaiah, is excommunicated for apostasy. He is reportedly told he was excommunicated for teaching false doctrine, being predatory in teaching his theology, and for believing dead prophets over living ones.

40 years ago today - Sep 15, 1977

LDS missionary Kirk M. Anderson, 21, of Orem, Utah, disappears on from the village of Epsom, twenty miles south of London. The disappearance sets off a two-day nationwide search by Scotland Yard. Two days later Anderson is released. He had been held, handcuffed and shackled, in a rented vacation cottage on an isolated farm. Two days after Anderson's release police arrested Joyce McKinney, 27, of Minneapolis, North Carolina. It is later revealed that McKinney, former Miss Universe contestant, manacled Anderson to a bed and forced him to have sex with her.

160 years ago today - Sep 15, 1857

Gov. Brigham Young issued a proclamation: "Citizens of Utah - We are invaded by a hostile force" without any investigation by the government. He declared his actions justified by "the great first law of self preservation and put the Territory of Utah under martial law, forbidding the troops to enter Salt Lake Valley. He ordered large numbers of armed militia to Echo Canyon and other points to intercept the soldiers and prevent their access to the Valley.

[Source: Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

75 years ago today - Sep 14, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
Had a chat with George F. Richards and then one with Joseph Fielding Smith. I tried Saturday last to see Joseph Fielding Smith. He has been very strongly in favor of supporting Eldred Smith for Patriarch. After my talk today he assured me he was delighted with the choice I had decided to make and with all his heart could support him. I feel very glad to have this message from him. I had feared that he might still stand out for the appointment of Eldred Smith. He said the man I have nominated'Joseph F. Smith III., now teaching in the University, was worthy of it and he could with all his heart approve of him, and that he had felt that he was worthy to be one of the Apostles.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

Sep 14, 1897

[Franklin D. Richards]
There are said to be 3 or 5 detectives from the East in Utah seeking out our condition as to Polygamy & illegal cohabitation.

[Source: Diary Excerpts of Franklin D. Richards, 1887-1897, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Sep 14, 1887

[Wilford Woodruff]
I decided to Give Hannah Grover her 2 Anointing to D H Wells. She had been Anointed once to Thomas Grover but through bad treatment she was liberated from Thomas Grover got Divorce and [was] sealed to D H Wells. This is the first time I Ever gave Concent for a woman to twice have second Anointing.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Sep 14, 1857

Mormon leader Brigham Young tried to prevent U.S. troops from entering the territory of Utah, when President James Buchanan sent them into to impose federal law. The Mormons attacked the federal troops' supply lines, burning Fort Bridger, and setting fire to the plains to deprive the advancing army of forage for its horses. At the same time, he readied a plan to evacuate and destroy Salt Lake City, should the federal troops get through.

[Source: Legends of America, Old West Timeline, http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-TimeLine2.html]

160 years ago today - Sept 14. 1857

Ira Hatch and others kill the last of the Fancher party messengers. (note: Undertaking to cover sins?) Brigham Young writes to Dame that martial law is enacted. Individuals are instructed to do everything with peace.

[Source: Exploring Mormonism: Mountain Meadows Massacre Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/mountain-meadows-massacre-timeline/]

165 years ago today - Sep 14, 1852

Deseret News—Extra edition (a 48-page pocket-sized pamphlet) makes ―the first public announcement of the Church teaching of plural marriage, including Orson Pratt's discourse on the subject at a special conference of the Church on August 29, 1852.

[Source: Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

175 years ago today - Sep 14, 1842

The SANGAMO JOURNAL carries the following notice: "We, the undersigned, feeling ourselves aggrieved by the conduct of Joseph Smith, and others of the leaders of the Church of Latter Day Saints-and feeling that we have been most scandalously imposed upon in matters and things of a Divine character, wish publicly to withdraw from said Church, and no longer claim allegiance thereto." It is signed by ten people.

180 years ago today - Sep 14, 1837

"To the Saints scattered abroad, the Bishop and his Counselors of Kirtland send greeting. "Whereas… The church of Kirtland has, therefore, required at the hand of our beloved brethren Joseph Smith jun. and Sidney Rigdon Presidents, whom God has appointed to preside over the whole church, and the persons to whom this work belongs, that they should go forth, and lay off other stakes of Zion or places of gathering, so that the poor may have a place of refuge, or places of refuge, in the day of tribulation which is coming swiftly on the earth. N. K. WHITNEY, R. CAHOON, V. KNIGHT. Palmyra Portage Co. Ohio, Sept. 14th, 1837."

[Source: THE LATTER DAY SAINTS' MESSENGER AND ADVOCATE, Vol. III, No. 12, KIRTLAND, OHIO, SEPTEMBER, 1837. http://www.centerplace.org/history/ma/v3n12.htm, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

60 years ago today - Sep 13, 1957

While Benson was Secretary of Agriculture, BYU's president observed: "Apparently, however, Benson stands aloof from all his advisors, and they are afraid to tell him what they think.

[Source: Wilkinson diary, 13 Sept. 1957. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

75 years ago today - Sep 13, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
I had a long talk with him [George F. Richards] and he is very anxious that I nominate someone to be the Patriarch of the Church. He feels that a mistake has been made in waiting ten long years since Brother Hyrum G. Smith died. I assured him that I had made up my mind to appoint some person to the position. He expressed his pleasure and assured me that whomever I named he would heartily support.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

80 years ago today - Sep 13, 1937

Con Bluth, later the Disney animator for such classics as Sleeping Beauty (1955) and Pete's Dragon (1977) and director of An American Tail (1987) and Land Before Time (1987), is born in El Paso, Texas.

130 years ago today - Sep 13, 1887 • Tuesday

[George Q. Cannon]
Tuesday, Sept. 13/87. I did not sleep very much last night in consequence of a communication which was made to me concerning the feelings of some of the brethren of the Twelve in regard to myself. The communication was made in confidence and the party making it did not wish his name mentioned in connection with it. I have felt for some time that there is some influence at work which is not of the Lord. We have had more division and feelings among us than I think is profitable. In fact, I have lost confidence in the State movement, because of these manifestations of feeling that I have witnessed, and for some reason I have been made in part the object of (at least, it seemed to me so) manifestations of feeling. The acts of the First Presidency which have not been agreeable to some of the brethren of the Twelve, I find that I am blamed with. I am credited with having had great influence with President Taylor and that through this influence measures were adopted that, in some instance, were not pleasing to the brethren of the Twelve. I have learned that Bro. H. J. Grant particularly had made expressions that I considered very unsuitable for a man in his calling to make concerning another. But I learned that Bros. M. Thatcher and F. M. Lyman had also expressed themselves concerning me. I was very much grieved to hear this, because I have met with these brethren before President Taylor died and supposed that everything was pleasant and harmonious; but they have concealed their feelings from me; and even now, after we have had one meeting in which explanations were made, they seem still, so it appears, to entertain feelings that I think improper. ...

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

150 years ago today - Sep 13, 1867

President Young said when we get ready to Go to Jackson Co. we shall leave the Strength of Israel here in these Mountains.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Sep 13, 1857

James Holt Haslam arrives in Cedar City from Salt Lake City two days after the Mountain Meadows Massacre with orders from Brigham Young to let the emigrants pass unharmed. When Isaac Haight reads Young's letter he says, "Too late, too late," and "cried like a child." At Sunday services in Cedar City Patriarch Elisha H. Groves speaks"upon the principles of the gospel, and of the Lamanites [being] the battle axe of the Lord." "John D. Lee, with a large band of Indians loaded with loot from the massacre, arrive back at Fort Harmony. Entering the gates, they ride around the center of the fort, their tinware jangling and the bundles of clothing tied awkwardly; they ride around once and stop while the Indians give their whoop of victory, and Lee declares loudly, 'Thanks be to the Lord God of Israel, who has this day delivered our enemies into our hands'" Meanwhile in Salt Lake City Apostle George A. Smith preaches that there is "a spirit in the breasts of some [at Parowan, southern Utah] to wish that their enemies might come and give them a chance to fight and take vengeance for the cruelties that had been inflicted upon us in the States."

160 years ago today - Sep 13, 1857

Presidet Brigham Young ... said that he had had the persecutions of the saints before him all the morning that He was righteously angry. He was so angry he could not preach. But He did preach in the power of God & told the people his Feelings. ...

... President Young was now to have his last interview with [Captain Van Vleit] ...

If the government of the United States perish in sending Armies to destroy us in the name of the Lord we shall Conquer them. If the Government Calls for volunteers in Calafornia & the people turn out to come to destroy us they will find their own buildings in flames before they get far from home & so throughout the United States. Again if they Commence the war I shall not hold the Indians Still by the fist any longer for white men to shoot at them but I shall let them go ahead & do as they please and I shall Carry the war into their own land and they will want to let out the Job before they get half through.

And even should an Armey of 50,000 men get into this valley when they got here they would find nothing but a Barren waste. ...

Again you may tell them they must stop all emigration across this Continent for they Cannot tread in safety. The Indians will kill all that attempt it. ...

Capt Van Vleit said that if Our Government pushed forward this thing & made war upon us He should withdraw from the Army for he would not have a hand in sheding the blood of American Citizens.

After closing His remarks Presidet Young said God had set up his kingdom upon the Earth & it was here & the Lord would sustain that kingdom & he would destroy all that fought against it And if the Armies of the United [States] Came against us the Lord would permit them to be destroyed.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Sep 13, 1842

Fanny Brewer records about Fanny Alger [considered to be Joseph Smith's first wife by many historians] in John C. Bennett's exposé, History of the Saints

"There was much excitement against the Prophet, on another account, likewise,– an unlawful intercourse between himself and a young orphan girl residing in his family, and under his protection!!!"

[Source: Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

180 years ago today - Sep 13, 1837

Patriarchal Blessing of Phinehas Richards given by Joseph Smith, Sr. ... thou shalt lay hold of the power of God So that mayest turn rivers out of their courses if thou like Moses be encompassed about by thine enemies If thou art im[m]ured in dungeons & prisons they shall not hold thee. for at thy bidding prisons walls shall fall down, gates & barrs [bars] Shall give away and not hold thee, Thou Shalt Stand in the [illegible] to Which thou art called, till the great work of God is done and till the winding up s[c]ene of this generation till the Savour [Savior] Shall come in the clouds of heaven with power & great glory, thou shalt see the heavens unveiled & see the great things of God, ... Thou shalt have the riches of earth the blessings of heaven shall rest on thy posterity Thy children shall be blessed from generation to generation as long as the earth Shall Stand, This is thy blessing it is given thee on condition of keeping the commandments and the words of wisdom, I seal it on thy head, I seal thee up to eternal life; Amen

[Source: Patriarchal Blessing Book 1:133-134, in Early Patriarchal Blessings of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Joseph Smith Sr. (Author), H. Michael Marquardt (Editor), http://amzn.to/rCBHVe]

55 years ago today - Sep 12, 1962

Ernest L. Wilkinson, President of BYU, met with BYU general counsel Clyde Sandgren, the new Dean of Students, J. Elliott Cameron, and Apostle Spencer Kimball and Mark E. Petersen "on the question of homosexuals who might possibly be part of the student body." They developed a cooperative system where Mormon General Authorities and other Church administrators would give BYU any information they obtained about homosexuals on campus and BYU would give Church administrators information about homosexual church members. They decide, "as a general policy that no one will be admitted as a student at the BYU whom we have convincing evidence is a homosexual."

[Source: Timeline of Mormon Thinking About Homosexuality, http://rationalfaiths.com/timeline-of-mormon-thinking-about-homosexuality/]

115 years ago today - Sep 12, 1902

At a meeting of the Stirling Ward, Canada: "Apostle Taylor said he had decided to let the people write the name of the man they desired to act as Bishop of the Ward. Bro. Taylor wished them to write 3 names after which a selection would be made. Bro Taylor said that though the people had had a chance to make their choice he wished the final vote to be unanimous." This is also the practice of Apostle Francis M. Lyman in choosing new bishops.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Sep 12, 1857

At Jacob Hamblin's ranch, 4 miles from the Mountain Meadows killing field, John D. Lee (sleeping on his saddle blanket with his saddle for a pillow) is awakened by an argument between Col. William Dame and Lt. Col. Isaac Haight. After breakfast they continue on to Mountain Meadows to secure property and supervise burial of the dead. Upon seeing the sight Dame and Haight argued over whether Dame ordered it or not. The bodies are stripped of any valuables but many bodies are either left unburied or buried so shallowly that animals dig them up and wild animals and buzzards eat flesh from their bones. Stake President Haight told the men, "thay had been priveleged to keep a part of their covenant to avenge the blood of the prophets." The men then held a prayer circle (left hand on shoulder of man next to him, right arm to the square) with John Higbee, Isaac Haight, John D. Lee, and William Dame in the center, facing the four points of the compass. Stake president Haight led the men in a solemn oath never to discuss the matter and "to help kill all who proved to be traitors to the Church or people in this matter."

160 years ago today - Sep 12, 1857

We got in an express this morning saying that there was some 900 troops on the way this side of Laramie & some 12 government Baggage trains.

Capt Van Vleit Came into the office & President Young had a good deal of Conversation with him. He said to him I do not want to fight the United States but if they drive us to it we shall do the best we can & I will tell you as God lives that we shall Come off Conquerer for we trust in God. ... But for the Government of the United States to array their armies against us it is to despicable & damnable for any honorable Nation & God will have them in derission for doing it. ...

We are the supporters of the United States Constitution & we love the Constitution & Laws of the United States But it is the Corrupt Administration of those Laws which we are suffering under & not the Laws. If the Laws had been Carried out in Missouri it would have hung Gov Boggs Between the heavens & the Earth and all his friends who was in the murdering & expelling the Saints from the states. They shot down the mormons whenever they could. ... / It will be so with the United States if they insist in whiping us they will get awfully whiped.

... I Carried a large Bowie knife with me and I said that any man that laid hands upon my Sholder and said Mr Young you are my prisioner I would send that man to hell across lots & I have said that all the time since and I say it now. I have broaken no law neither will I be taken by any United States officer to be killed as they have killed Joseph. ...

Capt Van Vleit said that I do not think that it is the intention of the Government to take you but to instill a New Governor in this Territory.

President Young said I Believe that you tell the truth that you believe this but you do not know their intention as well as I do.... The people have all the time accused [us] of Colleagueing with the Indians against the Government & they were much afraid that Joseph Smith would go among the Indians & they watched to keep him away from them. But now they have driven us into their midst and now I want you to watch the signs of the times & you will see that God will work against that Nations who are trying to destroy both the Indians & Mormons. The Government has become Corrupt & they are the ones who are breaking the Constitution of the United States & if it is ever saved it will be saved by the Mormons who are the Elders of Israel.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Sep 12, 1852

The first branch is organized in British India at Poonah.

165 years ago today - Sep 12, 1852

Parley P. Pratt preaches: "At what speed would the Saints travel? We are told that light is the power that governs all things. If the Saints travel as fast as light they would go at the rate of 200,000 miles in a second. God can go as fast as light and He has made the Saints And I am led to conclude that they can travel as fast as light for they have got to go on missions to far distant worlds and if they did not go as fast as light they would be a long time on their way spending their time without doing any good."

170 years ago today - Sep 12, 1847. Sunday.

[William Clayton]
...Our bread stuff is now out and we have to live solely on meat the balance of the journey [back to Winter Quarters]. John Pack has got flour enough to last him through. We have all messed together untill ours was eat up, and now John Pack proposes for each man to mess by himself. He has concealed his flour and beans together with tea, coffee, sugar &c. and cooks after the rest have gone to bed. Such things seem worthy of remembrance for a time to come . . .

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

205 years ago today - 1812. September 12

(John D. Lee) : Born John Doyle Lee in Kaskaskia, Illinois. He married Agatha Woolsey in 1833 and eventually married eighteen plural wives, including three sisters and their widowed mother. Lee fathered sixty children. He gave his youngest wife a divorce so she could marry one of his sons by another wife. Eleven of his nineteen wives left him.

[Lee's life would end when he was executed for the Mountain Meadows Massacre]

[Source: Van Wagoner, Richard and Walker, Steven C., A Book of Mormons, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

75 years ago today - Sep 11, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
Called on Don B. Colton and talked with him about the second son of Hyrum G. Smith. This son had made a statement to Brother Colton that while looking at his father's picture in the temple it was as though a voice had said to him, 'The Presidency has done the proper thing in not appointing your brother as the Patriarch.' I was glad to get that word. The young man had said that he felt quite grateful for that impression. I have not been able to make up my mind in favor of letting the oldest son of Hyrum G. Smith become the Patriarch of the Church.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Sep 11, 1902

Pres. [Joseph F. Smith] Smith incidentally remarked that he had been visited by Pres. A[ngus]. M. Cannon, who complained that a personal difficulty had arisen between himself and Brother B. H. Roberts, and asking an investigation by the First Presidency. Unless some immediate action was taken Brother Cannon could not, he said, sustain Brother Roberts at the general conference, when his name should be presented. ... If no objections were offered by the council, he would instruct Pres. Cannon to go to Brother Roberts and endeavor to adjust matters, which up to this time he had not done. The brethren concurred with Pres. Smith.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Sep 11, 1902

[John Henry Smith]
I went up to Ogden to attend the Republican State Convention and was made its chaplain.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

125 years ago today - Sep 11, 1892

St. George, Utah stake leaders proudly report that only 20 percent of its young men smoke tobacco. Apostle Francis M. Lyman preaches to the St. George stake conference: "in Prest Brigham Young's time an effort was made to make a certain man as Bp of the 3rd Wd Salt Lake City. Bro Young named him and would not have him and he was not their President. Prest. Woodruff felt desirous to having a certain man ordained a Patriarch in Parowan Stake but the people did not want him and would not and did not have him. This indicates the liberty of the Latter Day Saints."

At priesthood meeting, Lyman "referred to the disappointment of Pres Woodruff on discovering that there was not influence enough with the Presidency and Twelve to put one Republican in the Legislature. I felt the time would come when we would wish that we were not so fanatically Democratic."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Sep 11, 1857

Members of Parowan's militia participate in killing 120 men, women, and children in Mountain Meadows Massacre. This is largest massacre of wagon train in American history and is unparalleled because killing begins as "whites" are escorting emigrants under flag of truce. After holding prayer circle, local LDS leaders decide not to await word from Brigham Young about whether to help Indians destroy emigrants. At pre-arranged signal, most Mormon participants dutifully kill unarmed emigrant waìking beside each militiamen, while some Mormons fire their weapons in air, and a few kill as many emigrants as they can. They spare eighteen small children. Apostle Amasa M. Lyman crosses the Meadows on route to Salt Lake City from California and meets militia as it returns from burying murdered emigrants. "The twilight had commenced and he knew many of them, but none of them spoke to him or his company." His son says, "The stench was nearly unbearable, and the cattle were nearly crazy smelling blood. . . . it was the most hideous sight he has spent." Decades later participants acknowledge various motivations for destroying this Missouri and Arkansas group which antagonized both Mormons and Indians of southern Utah: war hysteria that belligerent emigrants might incite California to send military force to combine with "invasion" from east by U.S. army; fear that Indians would attack isolated settlements if they didn't assist; "avenging the blood" of Missouri expulsion of 1838 and of Apostie Pratt's recent murder; desire to pìunder wagon train's property, which included 1,000 head of cattle, according to Church Historian's Ofïice on 28 Sept.. 1857; and intimidation by some Mormon firebrands who threatened to "blood atone" LDS militiamen who didn't want to participate. Brigham Young gives unsuccessful order to prevent massacre but becomes accessory after fact. He later tells participants that he approves of the massacre and lets them know he expects them to exonerate each other in court of law. He publicly intimidates anyone who is inclined to give evidence against Mormon participants. He refuses to give federal authorities information that would implicate nearly all adults of small Mormon community in massacre and division of victims' property. Then when total denial becomes impossible, Young scapegoats three men through excommunication and arranges for participants to testify (and jurymen to convict) only John D. Lee, Brigham Young's adopted son and Council of Fifty member.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

75 years ago today - Sep 10, 1942

[Heber J. Grant]
At 9:45 met with a committee of five or six of the Apostles, and we discussed the question of appointing a patriarch. It is ten years since Hyrum G. Smith, the Presiding Patriarch, died. The brethren made a report that the Twelve had met twice in the Temple in the last week discussing the matter. I told them the Presidency would talk it over later and make some recommendations. I think that at the next General Conference we should appoint a Patriarch. I had no recommendation to make today.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Sep 10, 1887 • Saturday

[George Q. Cannon]
There was one recommendation which did not strike me favorably, but which I saw the members of the committee favored very much, that was the recommendation to sell what are called "the underground outfit". These were the teams used by President Taylor and myself in our seclusion to carry the mail backward and forward, and to use in our service. ...

We had a conversation in the Council with the architects, Bros. W. H. Folsom and T. O Angell, Jr., and Bro. Amos Howe concerning an iron roof for the Temple, which the latter had been instructed to obtain estimates for. ...

Bro. C. H. Wilcken took me down to my home this evening; but extra care had to be taken, as six marshals had been searching the house of my wife Emily on Thursday last for me, and had examined the house from the cellar to the garret, and even opened boxes and lifted mats to find secret hiding-places. I learned afterwards that the information had been communicated by Dr. Taggart to the Marshal's Office, that he had seen me go in there, and they immediately proceeded to the house expecting to find me there.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

150 years ago today - Sep 10, 1867

[Wilford Woodruff]
The Twelve held a Meeting in the Evening at 6 oclok. W Woodruff spoke his feelings. O. Hyde spoke his feelings & said Presidet Young told me in 1850 that my views on the Baby resurrection was not true, that I might Believe what I pleased if I would not Preach fals doctrin. But I am ready to follow in the beaten tract. Brother Young said no man Could know much about the resurrection untill he passed through the resurrection & had the keys of it. For that reason I have been silent upon the subjet & I have not heard any of the Twelve preach upon it that I recollect. I have not Contemplated for years the resurrection in any other light than you do. The subject has died within me years ago."

Social Conversation ensued upon this Subject even the Godhead. O Pratt said that He did not worship Atributes asside from the Personage of God But Believed that God was an organized Being the same as Man & that Man possessed the Atributes of God & would become a God if he kept the Celestial Law.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Sep 10, 1862 • Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
... we all partook of some wine punch and cakes...

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - Sep 10, 1857

James Holt Haslam arrives in Salt Lake City just after daybreak. Within fifteen minutes he is in Brigham Young's office. He gives Young Isaac Haight's letter and is told to take a little sleep and return at 1:00 P.M. When Haslam returns at 1:00 he is given Young's reply to Haight, a chatty update on the arrival of an advance scout for Johnson's army and an optimistic assessment of the situation. Toward the bottom it said, "In regard to the emigration trains passing through our settlements, we must not interfere with them until they are first notified to keep away. You must not meddle with them. The Indians we expect will do as they please but you should try and preserve good feelings with them. There are no other trains going south that I know of. If those that are there will leave, let them go in peace." His instruction to Haslam is "to start and not spare your horseflesh, but to go down there just as quick as possible."

At Mountain Meadows the Santa Clara band of Indians along with the Tonaquints mounted another unsuccessful attack on the wagon train. Many of the Tonaquints had had enough and were so enraged "that they left for home that day and drove off quite a lot of cattle with them." In the Morning John D. Lee climbed a ridge west of the wagon train to survey the situation. "As soon as they saw I was a white man they ran up a white flag in the middle of their corral." By noon Mormon militia reinforcements arrived at the meadows and some of the men passed the time shooting at the emigrant camp. It was clear now that the Emigrants knew that there were white men among the attackers.

In nearby Cedar City the Cedar City Relief Society members are encouraged by Annabella Haight, wife of Cedar City Stake President Isaac C. Haight to "teach their sons and daughters the principles of righteousness, and to implant a desire on their hearts to avenge the blood of the Prophets."

25 years ago today - Sep 9, 1992.

A revised form for researchers at the LDS Church Historical Department Archives to sign alters the requirement to seek permission for all direct quotations from archival materials. The crucial provision now reads: "Any publication, reproduction, or other use of archival material that exceeds the bounds of fair use requires the prior written permission of the Church Copyrights and permissions Office, as well as any other individual or institution that may have rights in the material."

[Source: Anderson, Lavina Fielding, "The LDS Intellectual Community and Church Leadership: A Contemporary Chronology," Dialogue, Vol.26, No.1]

40 years ago today - Sep 9, 1977

An entrepreneur purchases the only LDS chapel in Washington D.C. from the Church for $300,000 and the same day, sells the building Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church for $475,000. The building, dedicated in 1933 by Heber J. Grant, had been abandoned for two years. Local church leaders felt the building was too costly to refurbish. Rev. Moon, who is accepted by his followers as the new messiah, "sanctifies" the building on Sep 12.

120 years ago today - Sep 9, 1897 • Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]
There was an interchange of views as to the propriety of admitting persons who had not received their endowments into the Temple to witness marriages. On this point the Prophet Joseph was exceedingly particular. The temple clothing was not to be shown to those who had not received their endowments; but it has become so great a habit to expose the dead to the public gaze that the sacredness of this requirement has faded away. I have for years protested against the exposure of our deceased brethren and sisters dressed in their temple clothing, and we have succeeded at last in stopping these public exhibitions at the meeting houses and confining them to the homes of the deceased persons, and then with the understanding that the clothing shall be covered up. In relation to the question before us we all felt that there was an impropriety in persons, especially adults, being admitted to the Temple who had not had their endowments, when the marriage ceremony is being performed or on other occasions.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

120 years ago today - Sep 9, 1897; Thursday

The subject of filling vacancies in the Council of the Twelve and Seventies was considered, and it was decided to notify all the Apostles to come to the City to attend the regular meeting on the 30th inst., to counsel on this subject. Pres[ident]. Geo[rge]. Q. Cannon expressed the desire that in filling the vacancies nothing should intervene of a personal or partisan character, to prevent the mind and will of the Lord being carried out in the selections that would be made. Pres[ident]. Snow stated that applications were being made by Saints coming from a distance to view the interior of the Temple. It was decided that persons who had received their endowments might be permitted to see the Temple when it was not being used for the endowments.

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Sep 9, 1887

[Heber J. Grant]
[At meeting of apostles, Presiding Bishop, and church attorneys:] 3rd recommendation'books be placed in hands of Auditing Committee. ...

F. M. Lyman felt the books of the Church should be placed in the hands of the Auditing Committee.

Franklin D. Richards did not want as one of the Auditing Committee to be placed in possession of the books. He did not want any knowledge of the books in case he is called into the Courts.

Moses Thatcher was opposed to one man in this quorum knowing where the Church books were and that information being kept from others. He wanted the books in the hands of the Auditing Committee. He would rejoice when the day came that there were not so many secrets among us.

Joseph F. Smith did not want to know where the books were, nor did he want any of his brethren to have this information for fear of their being placed in contempt by the Courts. He thought we had better pass recommendation No. 3. ...

Erastus Snow felt that the Committee should be in a position to report to the people. If we excuse ourselves from being prepared to Audit the books then we must place the responsibility upon Prest John Taylor or his immediate associates. He was not desirous of getting the secrets of his brethren. ...

Motion to adopt #3 was then carried. ...

I did not like the spirit manifested today by Bro Cannon he was angry that the brethren had talked as they had regarding the books, or I misjudge him.

Bro Franklin raised no objections to the motion the minute Bro. Cannon said he had none & it looked to me as though Bro Cannon did not want the Auditing Committee to get the books and when he found it could not be avoided then he said there was no objections. Had he spoken an hour sooner I would have felt more faith that he really did want the Committee to get the books.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

130 years ago today - Friday, Sep 9, 1887

[John Henry Smith]
The Committee on Wages reported and the report was read and received. Bp. W. B. Preston made a recommend that the Twelve be put on the same footing as to pay. After consideration, the allowance for the Twelve and Bishopric was fixed at $3,000.00 each. The whole report was considered and some of the recommendations were adopted and some laid over for the time being.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

160 years ago today - Sep 9, 1857-13

[Utah War]
Meetings were held with Cap. Van Vliet. He requested help with provisions for the troops and informed Brigham Young that an army station was to be established within 30 miles of SLC. He presented Brigham Young with a July 28 letter from Gen. Harney which announced that the purpose of the Army was to establish a new military district in Utah Territory. This was the first official notification of the impending Army presence, coming four months after Pres. Buchanan's decision and two months after the first troops left Ft. Leavenworth for SLC.

[Source: Hale, Van, Mormon Miscellaneous, Utah War Chronology, http://www.mormonmiscellaneous.com/utahwar/id2.html]

160 years ago today - Sep 9, 1857

Emigrant George Powers meets William H. Dame (Colonel in Mormon militia) at Parowan and asks if he could not raise a company to relieve the besieged train at Mountain Meadows. Dame, the senior Mormon military officer in southern Utah replies, "that he could go out and take them away in safety, but he dared not; he dared not disobey counsel." Mormon militia Lt. Col. Isaac C. Haight dispatches troops from Cedar City to Mountain Meadows where most of the Paiutes have left.

At night the besieged emigrants devise a plan to alert the outside world to their plight. They send William Aden on horseback through enemy lines to get help. Aden is shot down by Mormons after approaching their campsite.

Courier James Holt Haslam (carrying a letter from Haight to Brigham Young asking for orders) reaches Nephi. He pauses for breakfast and will stop again at Payson, Provo and American Fork to change horses.

Brigham Young walks with U.S. Army Captain Van Vliet through Albert Carrington's garden and orchard. Van Vliet asks Mrs. Carrington "if she was willing to Cut down her fine peach orchard for her faith & Religin. She said yes and would set up nights to do it if it became necessary."

170 years ago today - Sep 9, 1847

[Brigham Young]
If you catch a man stealing - see what Moses did - if I catch a man stealing I'll kill him - ...- if a man steals give him forty lashes save one, well put [-], and if he persists in it [-] him down - lay him away safely they are rigid laws

[Source: Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; General Church Minutes. Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 1 (2002), in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

120 years ago today - Sep 8, 1897

Apostle John Henry Smith "blest four sisters and set them apart as Midwives."

125 years ago today - Sep 8, 1892

[John H. Gilbert]
In the forepart of June, 1829, Mr. E. B. Grandin, the printer of the "Wayne Sentinel," came to me and said he wanted I should assist him in estimating the cost of printing 5000 copies of a book that Martin Harris wanted to get printed, which was called the "Mormon Bible." It was the second application of Harris to Grandin to do the job.--Harris assuring Grandin that the book would be printed in Rochester if he declined the job again.

Harris proposed to have Grandin do the job, if he would, as it would be quite expensive to keep a man in Rochester during the printing of the book, who would have to visit Palmyra two or three times a week for manu=script, &c. Mr. Grandin consented to do the job if his terms were accepted.

A few pages of the manuscript were submitted as a specimen of the whole, and it was said there would be about 500 pages. ...

When the printer was ready to commence work, Harris was notified, and Hyrum Smith brought the first installment of manuscript, of 24 pages, closely written on common foolscap paper,;--he had it under his vest, and vest and coat closely buttoned over it. At night Smith came and got the manuscript, and with the same precaution carried it away. The next morning with the same watchfulness, be brought it again, and at night took it away. This was kept up for several days. The title page was first set up, and after proof was read and corrected, several copies were printed for Harris and his friends. On the second day--Harris and Smith being in the office--I called their attention to a grammatical error, and asked whether I should correct it? Harris consulted with Smith a short time, and turned to me and said; "The Old Testament is ungrammatical, set it as it is written."

After working a few days, I said to Smith on his handing me the manuscript in the morning; "Mr. Smith, if you would leave this manuscript with me, I would take it home with me at night and read and punctuate it, and I could get along faster in the day time, for now I have frequently to stop and read half a page to find how to punctuate it." His reply was, "We are commanded not to leave it." A few mornings after this, when Smith handed me the manu=script, he said to me:--"If you will give your word that this manuscript shall be returned to us when you get through with it, I will leave it with you." I assured Smith that it should be returned all right when I got through with it. For two or three nights I took it home with me and read it, and punctuated it with a lead pencil. This will account for the punctuation markes in pencil, which is referred to in the Mormon Report, an extract from which will be found below.

Martin Harris, Hyrum Smith and Oliver Cowdery, were very frequent visitors to the office during the printing of the Mormon Bible. The mansucript [manuscript] was supposed to be in the handwriting of Cowdery. Every Chapter, if I remember correctly, was one solid paragraph, without a punctuation mark, from be=ginning to end.

Names of persons and places were generally capitalized, but sentences had no end. The character or short &, was used almost invariably where the word and, occurred, except at the end of a chapter, I puncutated [punctuated] it to make it read as I supposed the Author intended, and but very little punctuation was altered in proof-reading. The Bible was printed 16 pages at a time, so that one sheet of paper made two copies of 16 pages each, requiring 2500 sheets of paper for each form of 16 pages. There were 37 forms of 16 pages each,--570 pages in all.

The work was commenced in August 1829., and finished in March 1830,--seven months. Mr J. H. Bortles and myself done the press work until December taking nearly three days to each form. ...

Joseph Smith Jr had nothing to do whatever with the printing or furnishing copy for the printers, being but once in the office during the printing of the Bible, and then not over 15, or 20 minutes. ...

Sometime in 1828, Martin Harris, who had been furnished by someone with what he said was a fac-simile of the hyroglychics [hieroglyphics] of one of the plates started for New York. On his way he stopped at Albany and called on Lt Gov Bradish, --with what success I do not know. He proceeded to New York, and called on Prof C[harles]. Anthon, made known his business and presented his hieroglyphics.

This is what the Professor said in regard to them:--1834--

"The paper in question was, in fact, a singular scroll. It consisted of all kinds of singular characters, disposed in columns, and had evidently been prepared by some person who had before him at the time a book containing various alphabets; Greek and Hebrew letters, crosses and flourishes, Roman letters inverted or placed sidewise, arranged and placed in perpendicular columns, and the whole ended in a rude delineation of a circle, divided into various compartments, arched with various strange marks, and evidently copied after the Mexican Calendar, given by Humboldt, but copied in such a way as not to betray the source whence it was derived. I am thus particular as to the contents of the paper, in as much as I have frequently conversed with my friends on the subject since the Mormon excite=ment began, and well remember that the paper contained anything else but "Egyptian Hieroglyphics."

Martin returned from his trip east satisfied that "Joseph" was a "little smarter than Prof Anthon."

Martin was something of a prophet:--He frequently said that that "Jackson would be the last president that we would have; and that all persons who did not embrace Mormonism in two years time would be stricken off the face of the earth." He said that Palmyra was to be the New Jerusalem, and that her streets were to be paved with gold.

Martin was in the office when I finished setting up the testimony of the three witnesses,--(Harris--Cowdery and Whitmer--) I said to him,--"Martin, did you see those plates with your naked eyes?" Martin looked down for an instant, raised his eyes up, and said, "No, I saw them with a spir[i]tual eye."

[Source: John H. Gilbert, "Memorandum, made by John H. Gilbert Esq, Sept[ember]. 8th, 1892[,] Palmyra, N.Y.," Palmyra King's Daughters Free Library, Palmyra, New York., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: John H. Gilbert Memorandum]