75 years ago today - Jan 17, 1946

[J. Reuben Clark]
Brother Lee and Brother Romney came to see me on three matters ... (2) We discussed the matter of shipments of meats to Europe, they having learned that it would be impossible to ship

meat to Europe without violating the law unless it had the Federal stamp for the killing and the Federal stamp for the packing. It was agreed that Bro. Romney should see the packing houses here and learn whether or not, in view of the destination of the meat, they would pack it for us at cost. (3) It was agreed that the Welfare would get a car loan of food stuffs packed already for shipment to Europe and that then they would bring the matter to the attention of the First Presidency.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

120 years ago today - Jan 17, 1901

[Abraham Owen Woodruff]
At 6 p.m. I called at the Beehive House and had a long talk with Pres[iden]t. Snow. He told me to take hold of [Thomas] Kearns campaign and do all I could to aid him. I promised him I would do so. Had along interview with Tho[ma]s. Kearns and begun to lay some plans. [Kearns is nominated & elected Senator six days later]

[Abraham Owen Woodruff, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

160 years ago today - Jan 17, 1861

The President [Brigham Young] remarked that the People were very unwilling to pay taxes, and men that ought to know better felt this also. ... `The neglecting the payment of taxes would run a nation into barbarism observed the President, The destitute and degraded condition of the Lamanites was through their fathers being opposed to principles of tithing and taxation.

[Brigham Young Office Journals, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

John D. Lee receives his second anointing in the Nauvoo Temple. He records in his diary: "Thus we were conducted to Room No 2 where we received our anointings yea, Holy anointings in the Temple of the Lord under the hands of Elder Orson Hyde this certainly produced more joy comfort and pleasure & reconciliation of feeling than could possibly have been imagined."

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Sarah Arm Prichard, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Five children: Elisa Sarah, Sylvia, Lorenzo, Parintha, and Laurin Alvirus.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Mary Adaline Goddard, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Three children: Rosetta, Oliver, and Isadore.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Harriet Amelia Squires, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Five children: Abigail, Lucius Aaron, Alonzo Henry, Amelia Henrietta, and Celestia Armeda.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 17, 1846

Lorenzo Snow: Married Charlotte Merrill Squires, Nauvoo Temple sealing 17 January 1846. Two children: Leonora Charlotte and Roxcy Armatha.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

185 years ago today - Jan 17, 1836

while the First Presidency, the Twelve, the Seventy, and the Councilors of Kirtland and Zion are gathered together in conference, "the gift of tongues came on us also, like the rushing of a mighty wind". Five days later the gift of tongues again comes to this group "in mighty power".

40 years ago today - Jan 16, 1981

President Jimmy Carter awards the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom to Esther W. Eggertsen Peterson, a national consumer rights advocate and consumer affairs advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson. She is the first Latter-day Saint to be so honored.

55 years ago today - Jan 16, 1966

In January 1966 Benson endorsed the Birch Society and its program at stake conferences and at the LDS institute in Logan, Utah.

["LDS Apostle Backs Up Birch Group," Salt Lake Tribune, 16 Jan. 1966, B-14; "Speak Up! Says Ezra to Save Your Soul and Maybe Your Country," Fact Finder 24 (28 Feb. 1966). From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

55 years ago today - Jan 16, 1966

Benson says "I know their [John Birch Society] leaders, I have attended two of their all-day Council meetings. I have read their literature. I feel I know their program." [September-October 1959] Benson took Thomas J. Anderson with him as a member of his entourage on an official trip to Europe, including a visit to the Soviet Union. At that time, Anderson was publisher of Farm and Ranch magazine as well as an influential member of the new Birch Society. By the time he accompanied Benson on a trip to the Far East in November 1960, Anderson was a member of the national governing council of the Birch Society.

["Benson Took Birchite on Tours," Washington Post, 12 July 1961, D-ll; "The Council," Vie John Birch Society Bulletin (Feb. 1960): 2. From D. Michael Quinn, Ezra Taft Benson and Mormon Political Conflicts, Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 26:2 (Summer 1992), also in Quinn, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power Salt Lake City (Signature Books, 1994), Chapter 3.]

70 years ago today - Jan 16, 1951

An explanation is given that the age for missionaries had been lowered to nineteen because of complaints of the Selective Service that experienced men in 22-26 range were being called as missionaries and therefore not subject to the draft when needed.

[David O. McKay, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

90 years ago today - Jan 16, 1931

[Heber J. Grant]
President Clawson reported regarding the discussion between Joseph Fielding Smith and B. H. Roberts [regarding "pre-Adamites" / life before the fall]. We decided that the Twelve should hear the case before reporting to us. As Brother Roberts had appeared before the Twelve and stated his case it is only fair that they should hear Brother Smith also.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jan 16, 1896

Objection made to the exhibition, in a show window in this City, of photographs of the art glass windows of the interior of the Temple. Surprise was expressed that it had been photographed, and it was decided that it should be withdrawn from public exhibition.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Jan 16, 1886 (Saturday)

Apostle Lorenzo Snow was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment, $900 fine and costs, for u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]... Lorenzo Snow was given ten days in which to prepare his appeal, being placed under $15,000 bonds.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - Jan 16, 1881

Apostle Wilford Woodruff tells the conference of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association in Ogden, Utah that "there were thousands of young men living among this people now that would live to see the Savior come to the earth." He adds that they will "be changed to immortality in the twinkle of an eye without tasting death."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

185 years ago today - Jan 16, 1836

Upon complaints by the Quorum of Twelve Apostles, the First Presidency formally apologizes for not showing them due respect. Oliver Cowdery records in his journal: "met in the evening with bro. Joseph Smith, Jr. at his house, in company with bro. John Corrill, and after pure water was prepared, called upon the Lord and proceeded to wash each other's bodies, and bathe the same with whiskey, perfumed with cinnamon. This we did that we might be clean before the Lord for the Sabbath, confessing our sins and covenanting to be faithful to God. While performing this washing unto the Lord with solemnity, our minds were filled with many reflections upon the propriety of the same, and how the priests anciently used to wash always before ministering before the Lord. As we had nearly finished this purification, bro. Martin Harris came in and was also washed."

125 years ago today - Jan 15, 1896; Wednesday

Considerable excited comment followed the open letter on the Senatorial question by President George Q. Cannon, and much regret was expressed that he did not see his way clear to the acceptance of a nomination. ...

The following letter was received by the Presidency:

Washington, D.C. Jan[uary] 11th,

President Wilford Woodruff:

Dear Sir: -- The Republican Party in its present platform of 1895, asked the return of the real property escheated to the U.S. under the Acts of Congress heretofore passed upon this subject. The demand was made in response to the prevailing sentiment of the people of Utah irrespective of Church relations. I think I am within the fact when I assert that the Gentiles of Utah never favored the Legislation which deprived your Church of its property. Elected upon that platform and also believing that this demand was grounded in justice, I stand ready to do all in my power to accomplish the end sought. Therefore I would suggest that you have your Attorneys prepare a bill which shall meet the case in every particular, and forward the same to me and I will introduce the same and push it so far as I may be able. I had intended to draft a bill for this purpose myself, but upon mature consideration it seemed better to call your attention to the matter, and proceed as I have suggested.

Yours truly,

Clarence E. Allen.

Brother F[ranklin]. S. Richards, Attorney for the Church, was instructed to draw up a measure to meet Mr. Allen's suggestions.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

145 years ago today - Jan 15, 1876

Andrew J. Allen reported that two elders told a congregation in one of the Salt Lake Valley wards to avoid the gentiles and their dress, and to "look forward to the time when the saviour would come on the earth which would be soon not more than sixteen years according to the revelations Joseph Smith had received."

[The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

145 years ago today - Jan 15, 1876

In the evening J. F. Smith gave a lecture upon the history of Joseph Smith the Prophet. He said in 15 years the time would be up when the Lord told Joseph that he should see him, but it must be by him going to him in the spirit world.

[Diary Excerpts of Henry Ballard, Signature Books Library, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 15, 1851

First of Brigham Young's formal divorces from plural wives. He is only one formally dívorced while serving as church presídent. Joseph Smith informally ended several plural mariages, and four LDS presidents are formally divorced as apostles (John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, Lorenzo Snow, and Joseph F. Smith).

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

[Hosea Stout]
I Stopped at home & put on an under garment for the first time to wear it& then met the Lodge at six it was a Regular Communication then went to the Temple & Staid all night

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

Mary Fielding Smith, widow of Hyrum Smith and Mother of Joseph F. Smith, sixth president of the church and grandmother of Joseph Fielding Smith, tenth president of the church, is sealed to Heber C. Kimball as a plural wife "for time" in the Nauvoo Temple. She had married him in Sep of 1844 (his eighth wife) but the marriage was not "sealed" at that time.

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Olive Andrews (1818-?) (aged 27) posthumous plural wife of Joseph Smith, Jr. sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for time

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

175 years ago today - Jan 15, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Emily Haws (1823-?) (aged 22) widow of William Whitmarsh

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

180 years ago today - Jan 15, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]
I fell a sleep & dreamed of Cetching fish many large ones with my hands. I thought I told my Dream to a man who was putting up a gate post & he told me the interpretation was for me to make hast & Baptize as many as I Could in London, & organize & set in order the Church, Seal up my testimony in the City & return home in the Spring.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Jan 15, 1841

[Heber C. Kimball]
She [Mrs. Sangivanah] gave me 2 silk Hankerchief one fore me the other to Elder W. We felt to say in the name of the Lord She shall Recieve an hundred fold in this life and Eternal life which is to come. We also ask The[e] O Lord in the name of Jesus Christ to open hur way that she may obay Thy gospell and be gethered to Zion with they peopl, and let us see it and Thy name shall have all the glory amen and amen.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

190 years ago today - Jan 15, 1831

[W. W. Phelps (while investigating the church)]
... [Martin Harris] is honest, and sincerely declares upon his soul's salvation that the book is true, and was interpreted by Joseph Smith, through a pair of silver spectacles, found with the plates. The places where they dug for the plates, in Manchester, are to be seen. When the plates were said to have been found, a copy of one or two lines of the characters, were taken by Mr. Harris to Utica, Albany and New York; at New York, they were shown to Dr. Mitchell, and he referred to professor Anthon who translated and declared them to be the ancient shorthand Egyptian. So much is true. The family of Smiths is poor, and generally ignorant in common learning. ...

[W. W. Phelps to E. D. Howe, 15 January 1831, in Larry E. Morris, I Should Have an Eye Single to the Glory of God: Joseph Smith's Account of the Angel and the Plates]

190 years ago today - Early 1831

John Whitmer said Satan "took a notion to blind the minds of some of the weaker ones, and made them think that an angel of the Lord appeared to them and showed them writings on the outside of the Bible, and on parchment, which flew through the air, and on the back of their hands, and many such foolish and vain thingsothers lost their strength, and some slid on the floor, and such like maneuvers, which proved greatly to the injury of the cause."

[F. Mark McKiernan and Roger D. Launius, eds., An Early Latter Day Saint History: The Book of John Whitmer, Kept by Commandment (Independence: Herald House, 1980), 36, in Dan Vogel and Scott C. Dunn, '"The Tongue of Angels": Glossolalia among Mormonism's Founders,' Journal of Mormon History Vol. 19, No. 2, 1993]

190 years ago today - about Jan 15, 1831

Fayette, New York. Joseph Smith reportedly saw in vision the face of Newel K. Whitney, who would later receive him and his wife, Emma Smith, in Kirtland, Ohio, on February 1.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

150 years ago today - Jan. 14th 1871

... Elder Sutton inquired if the fact of no issue justified divorcement giving his opinion that it did not.

Prest. Rich said in case of impotency in the man it is sometimes the practice for a woman to obtain a divorce and none of us he thought had the authority to say it is wrong. ...

[Paris ward - Bear Lake Stake - School of the Prophets minutes 1869-72, typescript by Michael Nielsen]

45 years ago today - Jan 14, 1976

Church president Spencer W. Kimball and other officials learn of the discovery of a 150-pound set of brass plates, bound by rings, that a man in England claims were brought from South America by his grandfather. The man, Bert Fuchs, also claims to have some parchments from ancient Hawaii (which had no written language), a sword with a jeweled handle, and an odd pair of spectacles. The artifacts are given to the Church. Fuchs and his family are baptized, later move to the United States, meet with President Kimball and are sealed in the Salt Lake Temple. Paul Cheesman, a BYU religion professor interested in Book of Mormon artifacts, goes to England to collect the relics for investigation and brings them to Salt Lake City. The investigation of the relics is kept secret even from the Church Historian's Department and their existence is never announced publicly. After it is found that the supposed relics are fraudulent, modern creations, Fuchs is excommunicated.

60 years ago today - Jan 14, 1961

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
Why did Adam come here? Not subject to death when he was placed upon the earth, there had to come a change in his body through the partaking of this element---whatever you want to call it, fruit---that brought blood into his body; and blood became the life of the body instead of spirit. And blood has in it the seeds of death, some mortal element. Mortality was created through the eating of the forbidden fruit, if you want to call it forbidden, but I think the Lord has made it clear that it was not forbidden. He merely said to Adam, if you want to stay here this is the situation. If so, don't eat it.

[Address given at LDS Institute of Religion; Joseph Fielding Smith; Salt Lake City, Utah; January 14, 1961, in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthly Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

65 years ago today - Jan 14, 1956

[David O. McKay]
At 4 p.m. went to the Salt Lake Temple where I went over the temple ceremony in the master book and also the various parts used by those taking part. Gord[o]n Hinckley who is getting a book ready for the Los Angeles Temple called my attention to minor discrepancies between the master book and the parts used by the various participants. Found that a few errors have been made in re-typing the parts.

[David O. McKay diary, Jan. 14, 1956, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

75 years ago today - Jan 14, 1946

European relief and call of Ezra Taft Benson as European Mission President...

In this position Elder Benson will attend to the spiritual affairs of the Saints in Europe as well as direct the work to make available food, clothing, and bedding for the members of the Church in these distressed areas. In excess of thirteen thousand packages have been shipped by the Church Welfare Program during the past several weeks. Plans are now being effected to send articles in carload quantities. Elder Benson takes to Europe his experience gained as secretary of the National Council of Farm Cooperatives.

[1946-January 14-Improvement Era 49:67, February, 1946, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

100 years ago today - Jan 14, 1921

[James E. Talmage]
In addition to other committee work I attended an afternoon session of the Book of Mormon committee, at which preliminary arrangements were made for hearing some of the proponents of different views on Book of Mormon geography. Many varied and conflicting views concerning the location of Book of Mormon lands have been advocated amongst our people; and not a few maps have been put out. With all the precautions taken to make plain the fact that these maps have been intended as suggestive presentations only, we find some people accepting one map and others another as authoritative. The matter was brought before the Council through the receipt of a communication from Elder Joel Ricks of Logan, who several years ago published a map, of which over 6000 have been disposed of. Brother Ricks and several other good brethren have voiced a sort of complaint that they have had no opportunity to present their views, with the fulness they would desire, before the Church authorities. The entire matter was referred to the Book of Mormon committee; and today appointments were made for the beginning of the series of hearings.

[James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

135 years ago today - Jan 14, 1886

Had an important meeting at Bro[ther] Jos[eph] F. Smith, Pres[iden]t Cannon & Woodruff, E[rastus]. Snow, F[ranklin]. D. Richard Richards B[righam]. Y[oung]. [Jr.] M[oses]. T[hatcher]. F[rancis]. M. L[yman]. J[ohn]. H[enry]. S[mith]. H[eber]. J. G[rant]. Jno. [John] W. Taylor talked business of saving church property from Gov[ernment] thieves.

[They decide "it was best to get rid of the Church property." Subsequently church property throughout Utah was put into newly formed corporations to avoid seizure by the federal government.]

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

160 years ago today - Jan 14, 1861

Brigham Young's office journal records: "Bp Edward E. Hunter asked the President if he did not think our dancing parties were Kept open too late. The President said he should say no more about it. He formerly had wished the Bps to close early and he had always left the dances early by way of example of himself but he did know that a Bp knew a word about it."

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1846

[Hosea Stout]
... Just as dinner was ready an express came from the Temple for me forthwith whereupon Scott and I went immediately with out waiting for dinner. I was there notified by President B. Young to send spies out in different parts of the country to watch and report the proceedings of the mob –

I committed the business of sending spies out in Iowa to Sanford Porter who lives in Iowahe was to send some three or dour in different directions to watch their movements and let us know when anythings is going on among them against us...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1846

John Taylor: Nauvoo Temple sealing to Elizabeth Kaighin (born 1811 in Isle of Man) 14 January 1846.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

175 years ago today - Jan 14, 1846

Brigham Young (aged 44) marriage to Margaret Alley (1825-1852) (aged 20) first marriage 2 children

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

185 years ago today - Jan 14, 1836

Joseph Smith writes of performing a marriage ceremony after which "We then took some refreshment and our hearts were made glad with the fruit of the vine. This is according to pattern Set by our Saviour himself and we feel disposed to patronize all the institutions of heaven."

160 years ago today - Jan 13, 1861

In speaking of the Government President Young said the United States Goverment was in the fix that the man was that had to swim a river or meet a Lion. If He swam the river He would drown. If he met the Lion he would be devoured. So with the United States they are bound to be destroyed. Those things which [they] wished to bring Upon us shall Come upon them.

...President Young spoke of one Bally who Cursed Joseph Smith & the God that Called him to be a prophet & the man was taken Crazy on the Ground was taken home & died insane.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jan 13, 1856

[Wilford Woodruff]
On the return of the brethren from meeting they informed me that President Brigham Young had preached one of the greatest sermons he had ever deliverd on earth.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Jan 13, 1856

Brigham Young preaches: "The Lamanites on this Continent are Manassehites almost exclusively. There is but little of the seed of Ephraim among them. They are counted as the seed of Abraham and they must be saved or they would not have become so loathsome as they are. They are punished in the flesh to make attonement in the flesh for their sins & transgressions . . . The seed of Abraham has not been counted for many years NOR NEVER WILL BE AGAIN. If an Angel as to commence now to number them all when he had got the numbers together before they could be compiled there would be a great number more born during the time of there numeration so they could not be numbered & this is the reason why his seed Cannot be numbered. . . . We will administer in the Temple which we have now begun & that is one point gained & we will seal men to men by the highest keys of the Holy Priesthood. This is the highest ordinance. It is the last ordinance of the kingdom of God on the earth and aboe all the endowments that can be given you. It is a finall sealing an Eternal Principle and when once made cannot be broaken by the Devel."

175 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan 13, 1846

Nauvoo Temple Attic

said that ["]the saying of the Prophets would never be verified unless the House of the Lord be reared in the Tops of the Mountains & the Proud Banner of Liberty wave over the Valley's that are within the Mountains & I know where the spot is & I know how to make the Flag. Jos[eph Smith] sent out the coulours (colors)-& said where ever the coulours settled there would be the spot. There is another thing that I wish to say to this council[,] let an influence go out = we intend that every worthy man will recieve his endowment if not here [Nauvoo] he will have it in the wilderness.["]

[John D. Lee diary, "1844 Supplement", as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

175 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan 13, 1846

Nauvoo Temple Attic

A council was held in the Temple. The Captains of Fifties and Tens made reports of the number in their respective companies, who were prepared to start West immediately, should the persecutions of our enemies compel us to do so: one hundred and forty horses and seventy wagons were reported ready for immediate service.

[Historian's Office history, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

185 years ago today - Jan 13, 1836

Joseph meets in council with the Missouri and Kirtland stake presidencies. Various changes in assignments in priesthood are made at this time; vacancies are filled. New officers are then set apart. Sidney Rigdon is administered to and healed from an ailment. Sidney then speaks on the subject of endowment and the meeting is concluded. Joseph records, "This has been one of the best days that I ever spent." (History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (7 volumes) 2:364-68.)

[Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

190 years ago today - Jan 13, 1831

Missionaries arrive at Independence. Peter Whitmer works as a tailor and Ziba Peterson as a teacher to support the mission while Oliver, Parley, and Frederick cross into Indian territory to convert the Lamanites. (They are expelled in a few days by an Indian agent enforcing federal laws prohibiting unauthorized whites in the territory.)

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

55 years ago today - Jan 12, 1966

[David O. McKay]
Consideration was given to a letter from H---- B---- de E----, also a letter from Bishop K----F-------- S----- and Counselors * , these letters having reference to the problems involved in this sister's marriage to a Negro. She became a member in 1961, received her endowments in 1963, and was divorced from her former husband in 1965. She has subsequently married a Negro non-member, and has been told by the Bishopric that no further Temple visits would be allowed her, and that because of her marriage to a Negro her Temple endowments are ineffective. It was decided to write the bishopric asking that they inform this sister that the fact of her marriage to a Negro does not cancel her endowments; that, however, under the circumstances she should not be recommended to the Temple for further ordinance work. The Bishopric also are to be told that any children born of this marriage cannot hold the Priesthood; however, there is no reason why she cannot be active in the Ward and Stake.

[David O. McKay diary, Jan. 12, 1966; hyphens added to conceal names, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

135 years ago today - Wednesday, Jan. 12th, 1886

[General Authority Abraham H. Cannon]
Bro. Thatcher prophesied that if the people would do right they would be prospered here and would. . .

I dwelt on the return of the Saints to Jackson Co. and their final destiny. I felt quite free after getting started and several of the brethren said they were glad I had touched upon the subjects I did, for many of the Saints are beginning to lose sight of the fact that we are to return to Jackson Co. and there build up the Center Stake.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

140 years ago today - Jan 12, 1881

[Franklin D. Richards]
J[oseph]. F. S[mith]. Prayed and appointed next Wednesday to meet and wash our feet against certain of our enemies, and bearing witness against them before the Lord.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

170 years ago today - Jan 12, 1851

President Brigham Young, preaching against "swareing or takeing the name of God in vain," says "the time might Come when the Lord would require him & the Elders of Israel to sharpen up their swords & go fourth & hew down the wicked in their midst. He said any Righteous man that Herd any one of his Children take the name of God in vain that He might whip them until He was satisfied."

[Wilford Woodruff Journal Vol 4, pg 3, also http://ogdenkraut.com/Wilford%20Woodruff%20Journal%20Excerpts.htm quoted here , [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

170 years ago today - Jan 12, 1851 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young]
"I think more of men who are polite and do not come into the church - than those who do come in "

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Jan 12, 1846

[Hosea Stout]
This morning about 2 oclock A. m. I was awoke by Joseph Taylor who had come from the Temple to let me know that the troops from Carthage were coming in and I immediately arose and went to the Temple and found some of the guard present[.] The Twelve were some of them up and on the ground and so I sent out spies to see where they had gone to. Near daylight I was informed that they had taken Andrew Colton and sent him to carthage and a party remained till day for what we knew not. In the mein time I had sent for all the guard to be called together at the Temple and there be ready for an emergency...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 12, 1846

Apostle Parley P Pratt: accused by Apostle Orson Pratt the 12 Jan. 1846 before Twelve that while on mission he (Parley P Pratt ) would "seduce girls or females and sleep & have connexion with them contrary to the law of God," Parley P Pratt said this was a misunderstanding of cohabiting with plural wives, though he did not inform Brigham Young of an unauthorized relationship with Phoebe Soper

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 6, Biographical Sketches of General Officers of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - Jan 12, 1846

Young tells a temple congregation that General instructed him in the colors and design of a flag that he intends to unfurl in the "valleys that are within the Mountains." The Flag of the Kingdom of God proved to be similar to the American flag but with twelve white stars encircling one large star, and blue and white stripes.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

175 years ago today - 12 [Jan 1846]

[Brigham Young]
The remainder of the day I spent at the alter officiating in the ordinances of sealing -- In the evening Evan M. Greene: my clerk through sickness was compelled to retire from his labour Br. John D. Lee I appointed to take his place there being a few records to be kept sepperately & apart containing the first Sealings of the living & of Proxy of adoptions & also that of the 2nd anointings which I found to be quite a task for one man to perform therefore I employed Bro. Franklin D. Richard to assist in keeping those Records above aluded too- Such was the anxiety manifested by the Saints to receive the ordinances of Endowment & no less on our part to have them get the keys of the Priesthood- that I gave myself up entirely to the work of the Lord in the Temple almost night & Day I have spent not taking more than 4 hours upon an average out of 24 to Sleep- - - & but seldom ever allowing myself the the time & opportunity of going home once in a week---

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

180 years ago today - Jan 12, 1841

Joseph Smith teaches that not all sin is vice and that murders cannot be redeemed in this life.

[http://www.boap.org/LDS/Parallel/1841/12Jan41.html The McIntire Minute Book , [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

185 years ago today - Jan 12, 1836

The Kirtland High Council nominates a committee to draft rules for the soon-to-be-dedicated Kirtland temple. The committee consists of Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, W.W. Phelps, David Whitmer, and Hyrum Smith. The rules drafted include: "1st It is according to the rules and regulations of regular & legal organized bodies to have a president to keep order. "2nd The body thus organized are under obligations to be in subjection to that authority." ". . .No man shall be interrupted who is appointed to speak by permission of the Church, by any individual person or persons in the congregation, by whispering, by laughing, by talking, by menacing gestures, by getting up and running out in a disorderly manner, or by offering indignity to the manner of worship, or the religion, or to any officer of said Church while officiating in his office, in any wise whatever by any display of ill manners or ill breeding from old or young, rich or poor, male or female, bond or free, black or white, believer or unbeliever and if any of the above insults are offered, such measures will be taken as are lawful to punish the aggressor or aggressors and eject them out of the House. . . ." "6th All persons are prohibited [from] cutting, marking or maiming the inside or outside of the House with a knife, pencil or any other instrument whatever, under pain of such penalty as the law shall inflict. "7th all children are prohibited from assembling in the House above or below or in any part of it to play or for recreation at any time and all parents, guardians or masters shall be amenable for all damage that shall occur in consequence of their children. "8th All persons whether believer or unbelievers shall be treated with due respect by the authorities of the Church."

190 years ago today - Jan 12, 1831

Dispatched from New York in accordance with a now-unknown revelation, John Whitmer arrives in Kirtland with the newly revealed book of Moses and other revelations designating Kirtland as the eastern edge of the land of Zion—which extends to the Pacific Ocean—and directing the Saints not to sell their lands, but rather to purchase as much as they can.

[Painesville [Ohio] Telegraph, Eber D. Howe, ed.http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/OH/paintel2.htm#011831 copy here , [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

30 years ago today - Jan 11, 1991

The Church News publishes an official statement that in special circumstances LDS couples "should consider abortion only after consulting with each other, and their bishop, and receiving divine confirmation through prayer." This returns to the First Presidency's flexible policy on abortion prior to J. Reuben Clark's death thirty years ago.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

75 years ago today - Jan 11, 1946

Bro Hunter Has invitation from an historical society to review [Fawn] Brodie book ["No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith"}. Bro Smith asked me to talk with him which I did, giving some general ideas I had about the Prophet and his work.'Pres Smith suggested that we let Bro Hunter try his hands and see how it looked.

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

135 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan. 11th, 1886

[Abraham H. Cannon]
After supper and the presenting of our recommends, Bros. Snow and Thatcher went into the south room of Bro. Johnson's house and about 8:30 o'clock married D. C. Young and M. P. Hardy, after which M. E. C. and I were united in the holy bonds of matrimony by Apostle Snow. Bro. Thatcher acting as a witness. I gave the former $10.00 for his kindness. We then made our beds in wagons, as there was no room in the house for us, and my bridal chamber was Bro. Snow's light wagon which was made quite comfortable with a feather bed and the curtains being all fastened down. Altogether our union has been rather romantic.

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Jan 11, 1846

[Nauvoo Temple]
First sealings of children to parents administered, but only for the living.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Jan 11, 1846

Brigham Young receives second anointing from Heber C. Kimball

[The Temple Timeline (Masons, Ancient Temples, Garments and a Lot More), http://www.exploringmormonism.com/the-temple-timeline-masons-ancient-temples-garments-and-a-lot-more/]

175 years ago today - Jan 11, 1846

Sarah Pratt (legal wife of Orson Pratt) told Mary Ann Pratt (legal wife of Parley P. Pratt, Orson's brother) that Parley was the father of Belinda Marden's baby's. Belinda was living at the Pratt home and had been secretly sealed to Parley without Mary Ann's knowledge. Parley confronted Sarah during the temple session, accusing her of "influencing his wife against him, and of ruining and breaking up his family," as well as "being an apostate, and of speaking against the heads of the Church and against him." Orson strongly defended his wife and after a vote, they were both expelled from the temple.

[Richard S. Van Wagoner, "Sarah M. Pratt: The Shaping of An Apostate," Dialogue, Vol.19, No.2, p.85]

175 years ago today - Sunday, Jan 11, 1846

Nauvoo Temple Attic

About this time Brigham Young proposed leaving the United States, [saying] that if the Mormons were let [to] remain in peace, that he would leave the State, taking with him all the official members, and this exodus should begin before the springing of the grass in the ensuing spring. The remainder of the fall [winter] was taken up in negotiations with the people who wished us out of the country. From this time forward all was hurry and bustle, active preparations going on for the early exodus of the Saints from the city that the God of heaven had chosen to establish them in righteousness, if they would but keep his commandments.

[George Miller letter, Northern Islander, Michigan, 1855, as quoted in Jedediah S. Rogers (editor), The Council of Fifty: A Documentary History, Signature Books (2014)]

40 years ago today - Jan 10, 1981

Fawn McKay Brodie, niece of David O. McKay and author of NO MAN KNOWS MY HISTORY (for which she was excommunicated) dies of cancer in Santa Monica, California at age 65. During her last months she refuses pain medication fearing that it will interfere with her final work - a biography of Richard Nixon. She does, however, ask for and receive a blessing from her active, LDS brother. This later leads to the false rumor that she returned to the Church at the end. At the time she states, "any exaggeration about my requests for a blessing meaning that I was asking to be taken back into the Church at that moment I strictly repudiate and would for all time." Her remains are cremated and the ashes scattered to the wind over the Pacific Palisades area she loved and protected.

90 years ago today - Jan 10, 1931

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
At the H[istorian's] O[ffice] preparing reply to B H Roberts' paper on the Pre-Adamites.

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

115 years ago today - Jan 10, 1906

First Council of Seventy instructs B.H. Roberts to go to Los Angeles for "recuperation" from "a weakness for liquor that had fastened itself upon him." Roberts confessed his problem to the Council in 1901, and its senior president writes in 1908 that he "has been many times much the worse for Liquor in so much that his brethren of the Council have had to take up a labor with him."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Jan 10, 1901

Apostle Reed Smoot ... Referred to some of the fast meetings in Provo last Sunday and said the spirit and power of testimony rested upon the people and the gifts of the gospel were manifested. One brother spoke in tongues to the effect that the impressions given to Pres. Snow of late regarding the redemption of the center stake of Zion and the building of the great temple were from the Lord and such event would transpire much sooner than many supposed.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

175 years ago today - Jan 10, 1846

Two twelve year olds sealed together in Nauvoo Temple each married other spouses in Utah

"On about January 10, 1846, I was privileged to go in the temple… I was sealed to a lovely young girl named Mary, who was about my age, but it was with the understanding that we were not to live together as man and wife until we were 16 years of age. The reason that some were sealed so young was because we knew that we would have to go West and wait many a long time for another temple".

[Mosiah Lyman Hancock Autobiography (1834-1865), typescript, BYU-S; published version by Pioneer Press, Salt Lake City, undated, 20-21; Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

180 years ago today - Jan 10, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]
Sister Redman thinks it is the hand of God to bring her to London to help rool on the work of God in this city. She has tried to find us many days, but no one would tell her. On Saturday night she dreamed if she would go to Goswell Road she would see two women & if she followed them it would lead her to the place of meeting. She did so & herd my voice while I was speaking & came into meeting & communed with us. It was a joyful meeting indeed.

She had a vision a few nights since of being called before her Majesty, the Queen Victoria & confined in London Tower because of her religion.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

190 years ago today - Before Jan 10, 1831

John Corrill, later a convert, visited Kirtland where he said he heard Mormons "speak in tongues unknown to me," and was informed by some non-Mormons who were present "that the tongues were regular Indian dialects, which I was also informed, on inquiry, the persons who spoke had never learned."

[John Corrill, A Brief History of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints, (Commonly Called Mormons) . . . (St. Louis: John Corrill, 1839), 9; Dan Vogel and Scott C. Dunn, '"The Tongue of Angels": Glossolalia among Mormonism's Founders,' Journal of Mormon History Vol. 19, No. 2, 1993]

125 years ago today - Jan 9, 1896

[Marriner W. Merrill]
Thursday. I went to Savage's Art Gallery and paid $6.00 cash for a picture frame for my photo to hang up in the Annex of the Salt Lake Temple, the Twelve Apostles all having their photos there. I went to the President's office to get my over shoes, as President Woodruff had taken them in mistake and left his, which were too small for me. I found he had gone home and worn them, so I had to buy another pair at Z. C. M. I., which cost me $1.50.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Jan 9, 1896

Apostle John W. Taylor is assigned by the Quorum of Twelve to speak to fellow apostle Moses Thatcher "and talk over with him his condition or views on the question of insubordination in regard to running for office without an understanding with his brethren." Three months later Thatcher is dropped from the quorum for refusing to sign the "political manifesto" which requires every leading official to get permission from the proper authorities before accepting any position "political or otherwise." The "political manifesto" was seen as aimed at Moses Thatcher and B. H. Roberts, democrats, who had run for office without first getting permission from the brethren, while leaving certain other church officers free to engage in republican politics.

130 years ago today - Jan 9, 1891

Refutation of falsehoods appearing in the Illustrated American-- also Der Stern 21:97-116 (April 1, 1891).

This document or article is an answer to a series of articles which had appeared in the magazine, Illustrated American. The author of the articles (seemingly unsigned) claimed to be a "Mormon." Wilford Woodruff, as President of the Church, points out the historical inaccuracies and plagiarisms in the articles. The articles and President Woodruff's reply devote considerable space to the Mountain Meadows Massacre.

Salt Lake City, Utah, January 9th, 1891.

Editor Illustrated American:

My attention has been called to articles in your magazine of December 27th and January 3rd concerning the "Mormon" Church. I have neither the time nor the inclination to notice the numerous misstatements and vile aspersions that frequently appear in the public prints in reference to the "Mormons." ...

We do not believe, as stated by the pretended "Mormon," that divulging the secrets of the Endowment House, marital unfaithfulness on the part of the wife, leaving the Mormon Church, are unpardonable, or that "the only atonement that can be made for any of these offences is the atonement of blood." The statement that "this doctrine is part of our duty" is another proof that the writer is not a "Mormon," and that he does not understand, or else that he wilfully misrepresents the faith which he pretends to explain.

The connection drawn between this alleged doctrine and the murders committed at Mountain Meadows, also proves the falsity of the claim that the writer is a "Mormon," and demonstrates his misapprehension of his own subject. The company that fell victims to Indian ferocity and white vengeance and rapacity were not "Mormons." They had revealed no secrets, they had not left the Church, they had done nothing to justify their slaughter, even on the false theory of Blood Atonement copied by the writer in the American from old newspaper fiction. This should be evident even to the casual reader.

... There is no pretext for a collision between the Mormons and the government. The only dispute that has arisen of late years between them was a question of law. That has been settled by the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States and the action of the Church in general conference. Plural marriage has been judicially decided to be unlawful. The Church has accepted the decision as legally final, and by my official advice as President of the Church has in the most solemn and authoritative manner decided not to enter into any marriages in future that are contrary to the laws of the land. ...

WILFORD WOODRUFF. President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

[Typewritten letter, Church Historian's Library, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

130 years ago today - Jan 9, 1891

[Apostle Marriner W. Merrill]
I received from Samuel Roskelly, Temple Recorder, the yearly bulletin showing the amount of work done in Logan Temple for 1890, which is as follows: Baptisms, 30,788; endowments, 12,748; ordinations, 4,465; sealings, 3,831, children to parents, 1,492; adoptions, 53; second anointings, 207.

[Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

170 years ago today - Jan 9, 1851

Salt Lake City was incorporated.

[Richards, Franklin Dewey and Little, James A., Compendium of the Doctrines of the Gospel, Church Chronology, Ch.66, p.306, http://www.amazon.com/Compendium-Doctrines-Gospel-ebook/dp/B002LTY4Z0?ie=UTF8tag=mormonchronic-20link_code=btlcamp=213689creative=392969]

175 years ago today - Jan 9, 1846

[Hosea Stout]
When we came to the Temple some what a considerable number of the guard were assembled and among them was William Hibbard son of the old man Hibbard. He was evidently come as a spy. When I saw him I told Scott that we must "bounce a stone off of his head."to which he agreedwe prepared accordingly & I got an opportunity & hit him on the back of his head which came very near taking his life[.] But few knew any thing about what was the matter he left the ground out of his senses when he came to himself he could not tell what had happened to him &c

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 9, 1846

[Brigham Young]
I observed to the brethren that it was my wish that all dancing and merriment should cease, lest the brethren and sisters be carried away by levity; and that the name of the Deity should be held in reverence, with all the due deference that belongeth to an infinite being of his character.

[Elden J. Watson, ed. Brigham Young Addresses, 1801-1877: A Chronological Compilation of Known Addresses of the Prophet Brigham Young, 6 vols. (Salt Lake City: Privately published, 1971)]

185 years ago today - Jan 9, 1836

Saturday, 9th Attended School in the fore noon. At about 11 o'clock received the following note:

Thus saith the voice of the Spirit to me, if try Brother Joseph Smith, J[unio]r will attend the feast at thy house this day (at 12 o'cl[ock]) the poor and lame will rejoice at his presence and also think themselves honored.

Yours in friendship and Love,

N[ewel] K. W[hitney]

[Faulring, Scott (ed.), An American Prophet's Record: The Diaries and Journals of Joseph Smith: Joseph Smith Diary, 1835-36, http://amzn.to/jsdiaries]

50 years ago today - Jan 08, 1971

Lenora Taylor, post manifesto plural wife of faithful Apostle Cowley, passes away, officially ending LDS Polygamy. (in U.S., unsure about Mexico).

[Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

55 years ago today - Jan 8, 1966

In order that there may be no misunderstanding in regard to the matter of the sealing in the temple of children to persons other than natural parents, we are pleased to give you the following information for your guidance. Children who have not been born in the covenant or sealed to their natural parents may be sealed to a natural parent and stepparent. ... Children born in the covenant cannot be sealed to persons other than their natural parents. This rule is not altered by adoption, consent of the natural parents, or request of the child after becoming of age. Illegitimate children may be sealed to their natural mother and the husband to whom she is sealed without the consent of the natural father, and only the natural mother's consent is necessary for illegitimate children to be sealed to foster parents. No sealing of children to persons other than natural parents will be permitted except as set forth above without written authorization of the First Presidency.

[David O. McKay, Hugh B. Brown, N. Eldon Tanner, and Joseph Fielding Smith, circular letter, Jan. 8, 1966, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

65 years ago today - Jan 8, 1956

The first campus wards and stakes in the Church were organized at BYU.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

120 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan 8, 1901

Apostle Woodruff said that in their trip to Mexico, Pres. J. F. Smith counseled the saints everywhere not to sell to the gentiles.

...Apostle Grant spoke briefly and said he was contemplating a move to start a local life insurance company and would do so, if the idea met with the approval of the First Presidency and Twelve. Said that within the past three years using the property' he now owned, through the providences of the Lord, he had paid and would be able to pay off $100,000 of indebtedness.

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

120 years ago today - Jan 8, 1901

Presidents [Lorenzo] Snow and [Joseph F.] Smith were at the office. The Trustee-in-trust appropriated $102.25 towards assisting Marcus Lowell and a Mrs. Mathews and son to Honolulu [Hawaii]. Mr. Lowell has been experimenting on some of the natives of the Hawaiian Islands who are located at Iosepa Colony, in Tooele county [Utah] and are afflicted with the leprosy. His experiments were unsuccessful, and being without means the Church assisted him to this amount in order that he might go to Hawaii where he expects to benefit the lepers of the Islands. It was decided by the brethren today, that the Pearl of Great Price should be printed as arranged into chapters and paragraphs by Dr. James E. Talmage.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Jan 8, 1896

A telegram was sent by the First Presidency to William Thompson of St. George [Utah] in reply to a letter from him in relation to the bath tubs in the St. George Temple. They were getting almost beyond repair but a man of means had promised to donate new ones providing the Church would pay the freight. The offer was accepted.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jan 8, 1896; Wednesday

Obtained manifesto also the Governor's Message to the Secretary of the Interior for 1890 containing the manifesto so as to correct the error. Traced up the copy of the error to see if it was typographical; found it was in the Governor's type written duplicate. Called the attention of Pres[ident]. G[eorge]. Q. Cannon to the error.

[Charles W. Penrose, Diary]

125 years ago today - Jan 8, 1896

[Brigham Young Jr.]
Excellent feeling among the Twelve. I believe we are united except Bro[ther] Thatcher who ignores the Counselors of President & most of the Quorum.

[Diary of Apostle Brigham Young Jr., http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Jan 8, 1881

John Taylor preaches that "President Brigham Young had adopted the system of asking one-tenth of the property of the new comers in lieu of the surplus spoken of in the [1838] revelation." Taylor says that from now on tithing should be only "one tenth of our interest annually," and says local bishops must bear responsibility for giving temple recommends to non-tithers. A clerk in the Presiding Bishopric's office records that Taylor has a meeting vote to continue previous requirement of "one tenth of the property on entering the church." Thus a new convert is required to pay 1/10th of his/her property, but a new arrival in Utah is not required to repeat lump-sum tithing.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

140 years ago today - Jan 8, 1881 (Saturday)

Notwithstanding the fact that Geo. Q. Cannon was elected delegate to Congress with 17,211 majority, Gov. Eli H. Murray issued a certificate of election to the minority candidate, Allen G. Campbell.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Jan 8, 1846

[Hosea Stout]
This evening William Taylor came across the prairie from the North of Carthage & said he saw seven men going from towards Appanoose towards Carthage with a cannon and bearing a large red flag[.] The cannon was drawn by four horses.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 8, 1846

Assembled in President Brigham Young's room, no. 1: President Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Parley P. Pratt, Orson Pratt, John Taylor, Amasa Lyman, Newel K. Whitney, Vilate Kimball, Elizabeth Ann Whitney, Sarah Marinda Pratt, and Leonora Taylor.

Dressed themselves in holy robes.

The hymn, "Now Let Us Rejoice in the Day of Salvation," was sung, and Elder Heber C. Kimball offered prayer at the altar after offering up the signs of the priesthood.

President Brigham Young proceeded to anoint Brother Heber C. Kimball and Vilate, his wife, and pronounced the following blessings, namely:

Brother Heber Chase Kimball, in the name of Jesus Christ we pour upon thine head this holy oil, and we anoint thee a king and a priest unto the most high God, in and over the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and also Israel, in this, the holy temple of the Lord at Nauvoo, the City of Joseph, State of Illinois.

And I seal upon you power to bind on earth and it shall be bound in heaven, and whomsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven; and whomsoever thou shalt curse shall be cursed, and whomsoever thou shalt bless shall be blessed.

I anoint thine head, that it may be sound, and thy brain shall be quick to think and to regulate thy whole body; and thine ears to hear the cries of the poor and needy of thy brethren, who shall come to thee for counsel; and thine eyes, that thou mayest see and understand the things of God, and that thou mayest behold angels; and thy mouth, that thou mayest speak forth the great things of God. And I seal upon you all the blessings of thy progenitors, even Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and even as far back as the priesthood. And I say that thou shalt live to a good old age, even to threescore and ten and longer if thou desire it. And thou shalt have power to redeem thy progenitors, and thou shalt have power over thy posterity and shall save all of them and bring them into thy kingdom.

We also seal upon thee all the power and blessing of the holy resurrection, even to the eternal Godhead; and no blessing that thine heart can conceive will be withheld from you. And in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, amen.

He then anointed Sister Vilate Kimball a queen and priestess unto her husband (Heber C. Kimball), in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and in Israel, and pronounced all the blessings upon her head in common with her husband.

[Book of Anointings (reformatted for readibility)]

175 years ago today - Jan 8, 1846

Young anoints Kimball and his wife Vilate as the first couple to receive the second anointing in a temple, in which they are ordained as eternal "king and queen, priest and priestess unto God."

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - After Jan 8, 1831

Joseph Smith leaves for Ohio by sleigh, bringing a wagon of goods and copies of the Book of Mormon. Many of his companions hurry to Kirtland on horseback.

[Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

45 years ago today - Jan 07, 1976

The Religious Studies Center at Brigham Young University is established to publish scholarly work dealing with topics of interest to Latter-day Saints.

90 years ago today - Jan 7, 1931

B. H. Roberts defends his position which favors the theory of evolution and the existence of "preadamites" before a council of the Twelve Apostles. In a letter to Church President Heber J. Grant Roberts had previously criticized a dogmatic anti-evolution pronouncement by Apostle Joseph Fielding Smith: "If Elder Smith is merely putting forth his own position I call in question his competency to utter such dogmatism either as scholar or as an apostle. I am sure he is not competent to speak in such a manner from general learning or special research work on the subject; nor as an Apostle as in that case he would be in conflict with the plain implication of the scriptures, both ancient and modern and with the teaching of a more experienced and learned and earlier apostle [Orson Hyde], and a contemporary of the prophet Joseph Smith-whose public discourse on the subject appears in the Journal of Discourses and was publicly endorsed by president Brigham Young, all of which would have more weight in setting forth doctrine than this last dictum of Elder Smith." Two weeks later Joseph Fielding Smith presents his view, a defense of scriptural literalism: "The doctrine of organic evolution which pervades the modern day sciences proclaiming the edict that man has evolved from the lower forms of life through the Java skull, the Heidelberg jaw, the Piltdown man, the Neanderthal skull and last but not least the Peiping man who lived millions of years ago is as false as their author who lives in hell." The Apostles referred the matter back to the First Presidency noting only Roberts' language is "very offensive . . . failing to show the deference due from one brother to another brother of higher rank in the priesthood.- The First Presidency decides that "Neither side of the controversy has been accepted as a doctrine at all" but cautions that general authorities should be more careful when speaking publicly on controversial topics.

115 years ago today - Ca. Jan 7, 1906

[Apostle/Senator Reed smoot to President Joseph F. Smith]
... it was agreed that I should see President [Theodore] Roosevelt on my return to Washington [D.C.] and tell him that the quorum of Apostles had investigated [John W.] Taylor and [Matthias F.] Cowley's case and they had admitted taking plural wives since the Manifesto but it was done not in this country and they never considered the Manifesto applied to any place outside the US. To tend their resignations and ask his advise as to making them public and tell him the reason of the delay. ... The more I studied it and followed the action taken to its logical conclusion the more I became convinced I am either wrong in my conclusions of the Brethren were at home agreeing upon the policy adopted. I could not help but think if I went to President Roosevelt and told him Taylor and Cowley had admitted their guilt, the President in his blunt, honest, and personal way would immediately ask me whether they had been excommunicated, and if not, why not; that the action agreed upon would not have the desired result, but just the opposite. A mere resignation just before the resuming of the case would be looked upon as a mere subterfuge and worthy of the severest condemnation. ... The fact that they had admitted their guilt and the church knowing it and not excommunicating them would be proof positive of our undoing. ... I decided in my own mind rather than go to President R[oosevelt] I would first talk with George Sutherland and [bind] him to secrecy. I knew if I spoke to the President [he] would have to act and perhaps he would be displeased with our action in the matter.

[Reed Smoot, Draft of letter to Joseph F. Smith, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jan 7, 1896; Tuesday

Elder C[harles]. W. Penrose called the attention of the Presidency to a prediction concerning Statehood made by President Brigham Young forty years ago, and suggested its publication, as a refutation of assertions made by several persons that President Young had declared that Utah would never be a State in the Union. It was accordingly published in the Deseret Evening News of this date. ....

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Jan 7, 1886

U.S. Supreme Court sustains Utah judges' definition of "cohabitation" as not requiring proof of sexual intercourse but rather of marital relationship. Justices Miller and Field dissent on grounds that Congress intended law to prohibit "unlawful habitual sexual intercourse" with more than one woman. Justice Field is on a secret payroll of the First Presidency.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database (http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase)]]

175 years ago today - Jan 7, 1846

[Nauvoo Temple]
The first sealings of husbands and wives administered. Sealings were performed for living, as well as for the dead, but only where one spouse was living and the other was deceased.

[Brown, Lisle (compiler), Chronology of the Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple]

175 years ago today - Jan 7, 1846. Wednesday.

This morning there was an immense crowd at the reception room waiting for admission into the washing and anointing rooms. The brethren as they came along bearing Baskets, Pails and other vessels filled with all kinds of provisions, for the use of those who are attending on the ordinances of the Lord's House. The supply is much greater than the consumption . . .

This afternoon and evening the new altar was used, for the first time, and four individuals and their wives were sealed. The altar is about 2 1/2 feet high, and 2 1/2 feet long, and about one foot wide, rising from a platform about 8 or 9 inches high and extending out on all sides about a foot, forming a convenient place to kneel upon. The top of the altar and the kneeling place are covered with cusions of scarlet damask cloth. The sides of the upright part, or body of the altar are covered with white linen.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - 7 [Jan 1846]

[Brigham Young]
Spent this day also in assisting about the alter which completed & arranged my room. In the evening the council met after sing & prayers we put on our robes & proceeded to dedicate the alter and I pronounced the following dedication prayer, 7 Jan. 1846 Bro. H. C. K. and others received the ordinances according to the law of the Lord upon the alter followed by John Taylor and N. K. Whitney. [Taylor was married to his wife Leonora, and Whitney was married to multiple women].

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

180 years ago today - Jan 7, 1841

[Wilford Woodruff]
DREAM I fell asleep. Soon found myself in the wilderness of wild pair trees which were bending with wild pairs which were the most beautiful of all fruit I ever saw. I tasted of it & found it delicious, & while I was gazing with wonder & admiration upon it evry pare instantly turned into a nice fat dressed sheep hung on the limbs head downwards. I awoke & the spirit said this is a token of fruit among the Lamanites.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

15 years ago today - 2006-01-06

Founding of the Exponent Blog (http://www.the-exponent.com/2006/01/06/the-exponent-ii-blog-begins)//Building on the tradition of "The Woman's Exponent" and "Exponent II," Mormon feminists Caroline Kline, Jana Remy, and Deborah Kris start the blog to create an online presence for Mormon feminism.

[Mormon Women's History Timeline, http://www1.chapman.edu/~remy/MoFem/mormonwomen.html]

50 years ago today - Jan 6, 1971

Any temples now manufacturing ceremonial clothing or other items of clothing for temple wear are requested to discontinue doing so. Sewing rooms in temples should be maintained only for the repair or reconditioning of clothing.

[Joseph Fielding Smith, Harold B. Lee, and N. Eldon Tanner to temple presidents, Jan. 6, 1971, copy in Buerger Papers, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

95 years ago today - Jan 6, 1926

[Heber J. Grant]
Brother Adam Bennion called and we had a long confidential talk regarding the situation of the Church Schools. Brother Bennion is rather inclined to think that we should discontinue all church school education that is duplicated by the state. ... It is worthy of the greatest consideration whether we ought not to discontinue the Brigham Young University, Brigham Young College, and Latter Day Saints University in this city, and devote our entire educational work to having seminaries established in the vicinity of all the high schools and also in the vicinity of the University of Utah and the Utah Agricultural College. Brother Bennion feels that in the very near future we cannot maintain our present educational system short of a million dollars of Church funds each year, to say nothing of the tuition paid by the Saints who patronize the Church schools.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

120 years ago today - Jan 6, 1901; Sunday

[Fast meeting in the temple:] ...--Rev[e]l[a]t[ion]. on Plural Marriage--And as a servant of God I warn you not rej[ec]t this princ[i]p[le] or you will be damned & Jno. [John] Taylor has told me own lips that Jos[eph Smith] com[mande]d me to entd [enter] into plur[al marriage.]

As God is true as Christ is true as Jos[eph Smith] the prophet is true this principle is true--I warn u [you] not to rej[ec]t this princ[i]p[le]--if you do as God loves He will reject u [you]. Geo[rge] A Smith told me P[rophe]t Joseph [Smith] seemed to be impelled to ins[is]t this principle before his death--What God is doing in this world is not childs play. ...

Those women that God show[e]d the P[rophe]t that He had res[er]v[e]d to be his--Will be his through out all eternity & infamous to teach every man to have his mate & absurd to seal for time & eternity only to be dissolved in eternity.

--Sister Bathsheba [Smith] told that Jos[eph] P[rophe]t. said we were mated before we came into this temple.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Jan 6, 1901; Sunday

Elder John W. Taylor said: some strong minded women say every woman will have her own husband to herself which was the doctrine of Devils.

Elder H[eber]. J. Grant spoke feelingly of his motehr. A[nthon]. H. Lund bore testimony to the truth.

M[atthias]. F. Cowley & A[braham]. O[wen]. Woodruff each spoke also Rudger Clawson, of the Twelve. Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith bore a powerful testimony of Celestial Marriage and that any one rejecting it God will reject.

[Angus M. Cannon, Diary]

120 years ago today - Jan 6, 1901

Went to the Temple fast meeting at 10 a.m. Pres[iden]t. Jos[eph]. F. Smith and John W. Taylor denounced the doctrine that in Eternity one man will have but one wife [as] a 'Doctrine of Devils.' Elder John W. Taylor said: some strong minded women say every woman will have her own husband to herself which was the doctrine of Devils. ... Jos[eph]. F. Smith bore a powerful testimony of Celestial Marriage and that any one rejecting it God will reject.

[Abraham Owen Woodruff Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Jan 6, 1896

Apostle Brigham Young Jr. notes in his diary concerning Governor Heber M. Wells' inaugural address: "Polygamy was cuffed about too much in it and in my heart I said Can I take an oath to support a Constitution and men in office who stamp upon that sacred principle to support which I would give my life-at least I think so. That spirit does not harmonize with mine."

125 years ago today - Jan 6, 1896; Monday

President Woodruff was heartily congratulated today by Non-Mormons as well as Mormons, as the oldest living pioneer, in having lived to see and participate in the ceremonies of this glorious day. On leaving the office he said to those present, "Brethren I am happy, my cares do not worry me at all today".

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

160 years ago today - Jan 6, 1861

Bro. Brigham ... Said when our spirits came on this earth they were pure as the Gods and as the angels of heaven, but by reason of the fall we were subject to the weakness of the flesh; but it was for us to overcome and to bring our bodies in subjection to the will of the spirit and to have our whole soul, mind and will swallowed up in the will of Christ.

[Diary of Charles Lowell Walker, in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Jan 6, 1856

President Young spoke to the people ... if a man had the exact glory that Jesus had he would have to die in the same way & if a man passed through this world without passing through the dregs of poverty he would have to pass through it hereafter before he could be exhalted to Eternal riches in their fulness.

Their is no other way for men to get an exhaltation but to follow their file Leader. The Twelve have no right to ask the Presidency why they do this or that or why they tell the Twelve to do this or that ownly go & do as they are told & this same principle should go through evry quorum in the Church & kingdom of God on Earth & when this rule is observed then the kingdom will be ours.

...Lorenzo Snow spoke to the people first & was followed by president Young. Brother Snow spoke upon the subject of obeying Council & following their leaders without inquiring why they are called to do it.

...He was followed by J. C. Wright. ... He spoke of the Law of God. A woman was under the Law of her husband & no other. If she obeyed his Law she was under no transgression because her husband was her head & evry man & woman had a head. The Presidency of the church is the head of the Church on Earth & if we obey them we shall be saved.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jan 6, 1846. Tuesday.

...Elder H. C. Kimball came into the temple at 5 minutes before 11 o clock and in a few moments called upon all the others of the Twelve to unite with him in consecrating some oil for the anointing. ...

At 20 minutes past 11, President Young came in with Mrs. Young, his health not very good, but being quite comfortable. He slept at home and dreamed the same dream three times in the course of the night.

Elder Babbitt came in at 15 minutes before 12, bringing a letter, written by Gov. Thomas Ford, to J. B. Backenstos, dated Springfield, Dec. 29, in which he refers, among other matters to the probability that the U.S. Government would send a military force to Nauvoo to assist in arresting the Twelve, who are charged with counterfeiting...

The Quorum of Seventies, met in room No. 9 clothed, and offered up prayers for the preservation of the Twelve and all the different quorums, and for the continuation of the blessings of the endowment.

After the business of the day was over the brethren and Sisters, indulged in a dance. ... After dancing two figures, Joseph Young addressed the party at considerable length, and made a prayer in which all joined after which the music and dancing was continued to a late hour, say 12 o clock.

President B. Young returned to the Temple a few minutes after 10, and took part in the exercises. By his directions, Lucian R. Foster and Ann Maria, his wife, and Stephen Markham and his wife, danced a French four. This was the first time that L. R. Foster and his wife danced together.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Jan 6 [1846]

[Brigham Young]
1846 This morning I came to the Temple with my wife spent the day in assisting her about preparing the alter. In the evening met the council.

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

180 years ago today - Jan 6, 1841

[Heber C. Kimball]
In the evning we went to Deacons Spencers, and preached and was apposed by one Mr. Cammon a Minister, perssessed [possessed] with the devle.

[Kimball, Stanley B. ed, On the Potter's Wheel: The Diaries of Heber C. Kimball]

180 years ago today - Jan 6, 1841

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
... we cannot go to teach in the City of London but what the Devil comes also to oppose us. This accounts for my dreams about serpents.

I returned home fell asleep & again dreamed of vast Serpents both dead & alive. Some were of Antique turned into stone, & many were alive about 20 feet long & Pitched at me like Draggons & I fled from them & arose into the air & sailed a great distance with the greatest ease & delight singing Victory. I also saw large fruit. Tasted of it & it was good, & a man tried to set his dog on me, but he soon repented of his conduct. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - Jan 6, 1836

Joshua Seixas, author of "Manual of Hebrew Grammar for the Use of Beginners" (1833, second edition 1834) and former Hebrew instructor of Lorenzo Snow, is "hired" for a term of seven weeks, to teach "forty scholars," beginning in about fifteen days. It is reported that he will "give us sufficient knowledge during this term to start us in reading and translating the language." He does not actually arrive in Kirtland until Jan 26.

190 years ago today - Jan 6, 1831

The Palmyra Reflector writes of "Legends, or traditions respecting hidden treasures, with the SPIRIT, to whom ignorance has formerly given them in charge."

[Abner Cole, "Gold Bible," Reflector, (Palmyra, NY), 6 January 1831, as quoted in A Topical Guide of Treasure-Seeking Rituals From the American Northeast during the 18th and 19th Centuries, Compiled by Joseph T. Antley (2010)]

190 years ago today - Jan 6, 1831

Joseph Smith accused of using the sacrament to administer a visionary substance (Jan. 6, 1831 edition of the Palmyra Reflector)

[Kirtland Timeline – Kirtland Safety Society, the Bank of Monroe, Temple Dedication, Consecration, and significant historical events related, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/kirtland-timeline-kirtland-safety-society-the-bank-of-monroe-temple-dedication-consecration-and-significant-historical-events-related/]

110 years ago today - Jan 5, 1911; Thursday

Pres[iden]t. Lund reported that on Sunday the First Presidency met in the Beehive House, on which occasion Sister Emmeline B. Wells was set apart as President of the Relief Society, with Sisters Clarissa Williams and Julina L. Smith as first and second counselors. Sister Wells was set apart by President Smith, Sister Williams by President Lund, and Sister Smith by President John Henry Smith.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

115 years ago today - Jan 5, 1906

[Heber J. Grant to Joseph F. Smith]
... A Tribune came to the office the other day and never have I read anything like the vile attack on you and the charge that you are the one responsible for all the crime in Salt Lake. Your remark 'I am sorry for two of the brethren' [Apostles Cowley and Taylor] etc. has caused me a great amount of thought and much anxiety. When I wake up in the night I have thought of these brethren and your statement 'I scarcely see how they can escape,' has worried me. ... With all my heart I plead for these two brethren that they may be protected no matter what the enemy may ask. What they have done I also have done or intended to do, and in so doing I would have done what I thought had the approval of my brethren. ... But for my mission I had intended to get another wife and was going to ask no questions. Your Sec[re]t[ar]y. Gave me to understand that I was a fool, having no sons and with the great city of Liverpool [England] in which to hide a wife, if I did not get one. I had just come home from a mission and took it for granted he knew what he was talking about. One of the Apostles, old enough to be my father told [Abraham] Owen [Woodruff] and me in the Temple that we should not fail in laying the foundation of our Kingdom in this life. Before I went to Japan my President intimated that I had better take the action needed to increase my family. ... John W. [Taylor] stopped me and as an Apostle in the name of our Master promised that the Lord would deliver me from my financial troubles and that I would make money so rapidly I should be amazed. My tithing in four months was 4,650 dollars nearly 1,200 dollars a month.'the tithing alone being more than I had been making for years. It is no wonder I love John when I think of the blessings he has been the instrument in God's hands of bestowing upon me. It is very tiresome to write as I doing and I do not want to weary you, but from the bottom of my heart I plead for my brethren even if Reed [Smoot] has to resign, if that would do any good in their case. You are on the ground and I trust and sustain you fully in all you have done or may do, but with my love for my brethren I feel I would be untrue to my own heart if I failed to admit my debt to them, and also acknowledge that they have done no more than I intended to do.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to Joseph F. Smith, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

140 years ago today - Wednesday, Jan 5, 1881

Prest. John Taylor gave us some excellent advice in regard to the liberties of other men not of our faith and that we should protect them and theirs as our own. We should not find fault with other religions and from the pulpit rail out at public men, treat all with curtesey and Justice kindness and friendship.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - Jan 5, 1881

[Franklin D. Richards]
Council at 2'-John Henry Smith opened & F[ranklin]. D. R[ichards]. prayed at alter. Form for prayer & list of names of our persecutors read & considered with view to washing of Feet & presenting before the Lord according to Rev[elation]. ... Pr[e]s[iden]t. W[ilford]. Woodruff dedicated N[orth]. E[ast]. corner room for Council room of the 12 Apostles. I also attend[ed] the dedication of the council chamber of the Twelve. President [Wilford] Woodruff offered the dedicatory prayer and I read the 123 Section of the Doctrine and Covenants new edition.

[Franklin D. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

160 years ago today - Jan 5, 1861

He [Heber C. Kimball] said He had some wives who had never been subjet to his Council & will. Yet He took good Care of them & treated them kindly. <He had one woman that had committed adultery yet he fed her and took care of her but did not sleep with her as a wife.>

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Jan 5, 1846. Monday.

This was a pleasant morning, and many persons were early at the Temple to receive their washings and anointings. ... After the labors of the day were over, which was soon after nine o clock P.M. the violin and flute, played by brothers Hanson and Averett, in the east room, enlivened the spirits of the saints that were present, and they soon joined in the dance. ... Efforts were made to induce Brother George W. Harris to join in it also, but his great gravity and superior wisdom forbade him to do so, and he thought that as he had not yet danced in his life, he would not begin at the present time. After continuing the dance until about 12 o clock, all retired except the few who generally remain over night. ...

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

180 years ago today - 5Jan41

[Joseph Smith]
Description of Paul the Apostle

Public Speaking

World and Earth

Earth Formed from other Planets

Phrenology - Revelation

No Beginning No End Axiom - Ring Illustration

Eternal Principles are from God

Spirit of Man Eternal-Book of Abraham

Create = Formed

Father has a Body - Resurrected

First Step in Salvation

Grand Council

Purpose of Earth Life

Devil Wants a Body - Obey to Keep Devil at Bay

Earth Will Go Back to God

[The Parallel Joseph, http://www.boap.org/LDS/Parallel/]

180 years ago today - Jan 5, 1841

Joseph Smith organizes the Nauvoo Lyceum where men could give presentations on theology "for the benefit of the Elders who are calculated to proclaim the Gospel to this Generation." He also announces a revelation against phrenology, text unavailable. He also gives a description of the Apostle Paul: "He is about 5 foot high; very dark hair; dark complection; dark skin; large Roman nose; sharp face; small black eyes, penetrating as eternity; round shoulders; a whining voice, except when elevated and then it almost resembles the roaring of a Lion. He was a good orator, but Doctor [John C.] Bennett is a superior orator, and like Paul is active and diligent, always employing himself in doing good to his fellow men."

185 years ago today - Jan 5, 1836

Joseph Smith writes in his diary: "Attended Hebrew School [and] divided them into classes. Had some debate with Elder Orson Pratt. He manifested a stub[b]ourn spirit, which I was much grieved at." The next day he writes, "Spent most of the fore noon in set[t]ling the unple[a]sant feelings that existed in the breast of ElderO Pratt. After much controversy, he confessed his fault and asked the forgiv[e]ness of the whol[e] school and was forgiven by all."

190 years ago today - Jan 5, 1831 (Wednesday)

Oliver Cowdery and fellow-missionaries arrived in Jackson County, Missouri, where they commenced their mission among the Lamanites on its western border.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

85 years ago today - 1936 January 4

In a letter the First Presidency requested that local Priesthood and Auxiliary leaders reserve one day a month when no Church duties would be required of the members, so families could spend the time together.

[Correlation Timeline, Compiled by Lisle Brown]

125 years ago today - Jan 4, 1896

Article 3 Section 1 [of the Utah State constitution]: The following ordinance shall be irrevocable without the consent of the United States and the people of this State: First: -- Perfect toleration of religious sentiment is guaranteed. No inhabitant of this State shall ever be molested in person or property on account of his or her mode of religious worship; but polygamous or plural marriages are forever prohibited. (Utah Constitution art. III sec. 1)

[Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

125 years ago today - Jan 4, 1896

Democratic president Grover Cleveland proclaims Utah as a state. Only two members of U.S. House of Representatives voted against enabling act in 1893. It caps the end of a long struggle which included a federal occupation, crushing statutes, imprisonment of Church leaders, alteration of a Church doctrine and marital pattern, and the reformation of a party system. At about mid-day, Salt Lake City erupted into an enthusiastic celebration. A shotgun fired in front of the Western Union Telegraph office signaled that word had arrived from Washington, D.C., that President Cleveland had signed the proclamation making Utah the forty-fifth state. This set off a deafening clamor of shouts, fireworks, bells, and cannon salutes. A gigantic steam whistle especially provided for the occasion sounded incessantly for two hours from the tower of the Salt Lake City and County Building. The streets were thronged with people heartily congratulating each other.

125 years ago today - Jan 4, 1896

[Francis M. Lyman]
... President Grover Cleveland signed the proclamation giving Statehood to Utah. This is a glorious event which the People of Utah have been seeking for 45 years or more. ... There has been in the minds of many a feeling that we never would be admitted. That Pres[ident] Kimball or someone else had so prophesied. If such had been the case certainly Pres[ident] Woodruff and all the Apostles from the days of Pres[ident] Kimball would have remembered it was well as any others. Important prophesies have generally been written down. Nothing of that kind has been recorded in sermons or otherwise. ...

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Tuesday, Jan 4, 1881

[John Henry Smith]
In the evening I went to the City Council. ... After regular business we agreed by vote to sustain Justice Pyper in being more severe on our prostitutes and saloons by punishing by imprisonment as well as fine.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

170 years ago today - Jan 4, 1851

Attended County Court to day[.] The cases of Henry Shenk as principal and Phillip George as accessary before & after the fact in a charge for Larceny was taken up. ... This is the first indictment ever submitted to a jury in the State of Deseret

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

175 years ago today - Jan 4, 1846

[Joseph Fielding]
1846, January 4. Since the death of Joseph and Hyrum, the building of the [Nauvoo] temple has gone on rapidly and contrary to the expectation and prophecy of Sidney Rigdon and others. The roof has been put on, the spire put up and beautifully ornamented. The temple is indeed a noble structure, and I suppose the architects of our day know not of what order to call it, Gothic, Doric, Corinthian or what. I call it heavenly. The upper room is finished and about the beginning of December it was dedicated and the Twelve began to give to the Saints their endowment.

[Joseph Fielding, Diary (1843-1846), Church Archives in "They Might Have Known That He Was Not a Fallen Prophet"--The Nauvoo Journal of Joseph Fielding," transcribed and edited by Andrew F. Ehat, BYU Studies 19 (Winter 1979), http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JFielding.html]

175 years ago today - Jan 4, 1846. Sunday.

No public meeting was held in the Temple this day, on account of the floor being not stiff enough to support so large a company as would have come in, without swaying too much.

...Sisters Mary Ann Young, Viiate Kimball, Elizabeth Ann Whitney, Eliza R. Snow, Mary Smith, Mercy R. Thompson, and Sarah Ann Kingsbury were employed most of the day in working at the cushions for the new Altar.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

185 years ago today - Jan 4, 1836

Joseph Smith and associates begin their first day of "Hebrew School." However they receive a message from the teacher they had hired, Doctor Piexotto, that he will not be able to give his first lecture for two days. The school votes to drop Piexotto and to hire a new teacher. Joshua Seixas is hired two days later for "the term of 7 weeks for $320.00" to teach 40 students. Joseph Smith writes of Seixas, "He is highly celebrated as a Hebrew Schollar and proposes to give us sufficient knowledge in the above term of time to read and translate the language."

45 years ago today - Jan 03, 1976

Because of increasing numbers of missions, those called to foreign-language missions begin reporting directly to the Language Training Mission in Provo, Utah, instead of going to the Mission Home in Salt Lake City, Utah.

110 years ago today - Jan 3, 1911; Tuesday

[Heber J. Grant]
As plural marriage had been preached with much energy for ten years just before the Manifesto he was not at all surprised that there had been a few violations of the Manifesto.

[Heber J. Grant, Diary]

120 years ago today - Jan 3, 1901; Thursday

[Apostle Brigham Young Jr.]
I ought to obey the word of wisdom more carefully if I desire more perfect health. God help me to put away all my weaknesses. I joke to[o] much.

[Brigham Young Jr., Diary]

130 years ago today - Jan 3, 1891

In early 1891, Charles Lowell Walker of St. George wrote, "Some say and have written that great things are to happen . . . in this year 1891. Yea, dire and dreadful things are to transpire. Some even declare that Christ will come and the Millennial Reign inaugurated."

…Future apostle Franklin D. Richards, present in Nauvoo, recorded: "He is therefore now 37 years old last Dec, which leaves 48 years yet to transpire until the time of Promise that Joseph should see Christ."

[Charles Lowell Walker, Diary, Bottom of page 21,22 Needs transcribed, as quoted in The Last Days and December 1890 2nd Coming of Jesus Christ, y George D. Speer Sr., privately circulated]

140 years ago today - Jan 3, 1881

Patriarchal Blessing of George Albert Smith given by John L. Smith ...

George Albert, in the authority of the Patriarchal priesthood, I place my hands upon thy head ... Thy guardian angel hath and will watch over thee and whisper to thee the way in which thou shouldest walk in the right enabling thee to shun every trap and snare set for thy feet. The priesthood in fulness shall ere long be sealed upon thee with all the gifts, powers, and blessings pertaining thereto. The Lord hath in store for thee a mighty work to perform for thy kindred and friends. So speedy and important shall be thy mission that thou shalt travel as upon the wings of the wind. No miracle shall be too hard for thee to perform. ... The winds and the waves shall obey thy voice. The dead shall be raised at thy command if it be necessary for the prosperity of Israel. .

[Patriarchal Blessings]

145 years ago today - Jan 03, 1876

Warren N. Dusenberry begins his term as the first principal (president) of Brigham Young Academy, the predecessor of Brigham Young University.

170 years ago today - Jan 3, 1851 (Friday)

The first criminal trial by jury took place in the Provisional State of Deseret, in G.S.L. City.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

90 years ago today - Jan 2, 1931

[James E. Talmage]
Attended a 9:30 a.m. meeting of the Council of the Twelve hld in President Rudger Clawson's office. The purpose of this gathering was to consider a protest made by Elder Brigham H. Roberts, senior president of the First Council of Seventy against a discourse delivered by Elder Joseph Fielding Smith of the Council of the Twelve at a genealogical conference held in April last. The main point at issue is the affirmation by Elder Smith that prior to the Fall there was no death of either plants or animals upon the earth. At today's meeting Elder Roberts responded to an invitation and made an oral and extemporaneous address, supporting his protest. It should be said that what is herein called a 'protest' was simply a letter addressed to the First Presidency, later referred by them to the Twelve, asking whether the utterances of Elder Smith were to be considered as expressions of personal opinion or as authoritative statements sustained by the First Presidency and Twelve. By common consent and agreement Brother Roberts is to present his views in writing.

[James E. Talmage Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]