30 years ago today - Aug 20, 1988

A First Presidency statement condemns the Hollywood film 'The Last Temptation of Christ.' The opening of the film in Salt Lake City is delayed when an unknown person(s) use a knife to rip the theater screens to shreds.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Aug 20, 1843. Sunday.

[William Clayton]
M[argaret] came up stairs to me ...P.M. I went to Sister Booths and had some conversation about S[ara]h A[nn] at Sister B's request. I have evidence that S[arah] A[nn] is true to me and desire to receive her [via plural marriage]. I also had talk with M[ary] Aspen who is in trouble. P[arley] P. P[ratt] has through his wife made proposals to her but she is dissatisfied. Sister P[ratt] is obstinate. When P[arley] went away Sister P. cautioned A. against me and said the Twelve would have more glory than me &c. I tried to comfort her and told her what her privilege was.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

180 years ago today - Aug 20, 1838

[Missouri War]
One hundred armed men ride into DeWitt and threaten Mormons.

[Source: LeSueur, Stephen C., The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri, Appendix: Chronology of Events in Missouri, 1838-1839]

10 years ago today - August 19

[Proposition-8]
The controversial authors name is stripped from "nine consequences" and an anonymous document, called "Six Consequences if Prop. 8 Fails" begins circulating the internet, mostly on Mormon-related blogs. The document was filled with dishonest claims that are later rebutted for the few who would listen. Some blogs reference that it was provided by Mormon Gary Lawrence, the California "LDS Grassroots Director" for Prop 8. "Six Consequences" also starts to become widely available within Mormon congregations and as handouts during canvassing.

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

85 years ago today - Aug 19, 1933

Mary Ellen Wood (Smoot), later the thirteenth general president of the Relief Society, is born in Ogden, Utah.

130 years ago today - Aug 19, 1888

[Abraham H. Cannon]
"Had quite a time with Junior (his son of Sarah), who refused to say "Amen" after I had asked the blessing. After whipping and scolding him for about 20 minutes, he yielded and obeyed. He shows great firmness in his resolves, which will, I hope, always be good."

[Source: Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

175 years ago today - Aug 19, 1843 - Saturday

[Joseph Smith]
<about> 200 citezins assembled in Carthage to consult about the Mormons. [[This "great meeting of anti-Mormons . . . without distinction of party" had been called the previous Saturday to consider whether Mormons who had been elected to various county offices should be allowed to retain those offices.]]

[Source: "President Joseph Smith’s Journal," Journal, 4 vols., Dec. 1842â€"June 1844 (Williard Richards)]

175 years ago today - Aug 19, 1843

[Brigham Young]
Brother George A. and I stayed overnight with Brother Atkinson, who lived in a very large frame house, said to have stood 150 years, which was so infested with bedbugs that we could not sleep. Brother George A. Smith gave it as his legal opinion that there were bedbugs there which had danced to the music at the Battle of Trenton, as their heads were perfectly grey. We took our blankets and retreated to the further end of the room, and, as the bugs followed us, I lit a candle, and as they approached, caught them and burnt them in the candle, and thus spent the night.

[Source: Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Aug 18, 1978-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
Earl Olson telephoned this morning to say that Elder Boyd Packer had telephoned him to say that he had read the Primary manuscript, thought it was fine, but did have one principal concern, which was that we need to suggest or to say throughout that the Primary operated under the guidance and direction of the priesthood. I told Earl I would take care of it, and I told Carol [Cornwall Madsen] to put at least one phrase to that effect in every chapter in the book. She agreed to do so. Usually when people keep wanting things like this to be said in a secular institution, this would suggest a certain insecurity. Maybe the priesthood do feel insecure about innovations being made and policies being determined without explicit recognition of the role of the priesthood in doing so.

Swearing Elders-Reminiscences

... Sometime in the late 1940s, possibly about 1949, Sterling McMurrin and some friends at the University of Utah began meeting once a month at lunchtime to talk about the Church. Since the Church does not have an avenue for intellectual discussion about the gospel in Sunday School or priesthood or sacrament meetings, they simply got together to discuss their research and writing and thought about theology, history, practice, and other aspects of Mormonism. Above all, they wished to provide an opportunity for people writing master's and doctor's theses and books and articles to present these, or summarize these, before a group of interested peers.

... I did not see this group as anti-Mormon or anti-gospel or anti-religion in any sense. To me, the discussions provided intellectual support for our traditional beliefs and practices. To say this another way-and it may sound incredible-my own testimony was bolstered as the result of attending these sessions. I found there was an intellectual side to Mormonism and took pleasure in learning more about it. I learned much from these brethren. ... One member of the Quorum of the Twelve, Elder Adam S. Bennion, knew of the group and was sympathetic with it, and I remember one glorious evening when he agreed to meet with us and give us a talk. He chose to build bridges between some members of our group and some of the more critical "orthodox" Brethren. As to the name "Swearing Elders," I think that was simply a joke. The notices of meetings which I received used the term "Mormon Seminar." Some people referred to it as McMurrin's Seminar, since he was either the original organizer or a leading member. I think the term "Swearing Elders" was probably a take-off on an expression which had been used in Mormon folklore for a long time, "Smoking Deacons." ...

As the years passed by, the major concern of these people seemed to be the problems which arose out of the denial of priesthood to blacks. This certainly was a preoccupation of McMurrin and Lowell Bennion. This, as I recall, was in the late '50s. At any rate, I do not know that the group continued into the '60s. It served its purpose at the end of World War II, and as the years went by some dropped out of the Church, some moved away, some came to hold administrative offices and couldn't spare the time; then of course Dialogue was founded and provided a forum without these meetings. Similarly the Mormon History Association was organized. I do not know of any meetings of this group after, say, 1965. ...

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - 40 years ago - Aug 18, 1978

Mormon feminist Sonia Johnson cables Utah Senators Orrin Hatch and Jake Garn: "Since you have announced your intention to filibuster when the ERA extension bills comes before the Senate, I am announcing my intention to begin fasting on the Capitol steps in Washington as soon as the filibuster begins-a genuine Mormon fast, without food or liquid-and to continue until you stop talking or I die." Johnson later applies for a permit to stand on the front steps of the Capitol building. "Mormons Against ERA" in reply announce their intentions to hold family home evening on the Capitol steps. Garn and Hatch decide not to filibuster. Johnson writes "I rather think that neither the church nor the Utah senators were willing to chance the sensational headlines: 'Mormon Woman Dies of Mormon Senator's Prolixity.'" Fifteen months later Johnson is excommunicated.

In a talk at BYU Apostle Bruce R. McConkie discusses the recent revelation granting "all worthy males" the priesthood. "The Lord could have sent messengers from the other side to deliver it, but he did not. He gave the revelation by the power of the Holy Ghost. Latter-day Saints have a complex: many of them desire to magnify and build upon what has occurred, and they delight to think of miraculous things. And maybe some of them would like to believe that the Lord himself was there, or that the Prophet Joseph Smith came to deliver the revelation (see Time, 7 Aug. 1978, p. 55), which was one of the possibilities. Well, these things did not happen." He further states, "Forget everything that I have said, or what President Brigham Young or President George Q. Cannon or whomsoever has said in days past that is contrary to the present revelation. We spoke with a limited understanding and without the light and knowledge that now has come into the world. We get our truth and our light line upon line and precept upon precept. We have now had added a new flood of intelligence and light on this particular subject, and it erases all the darkness and all the views and all the thoughts of the past. They don't matter any more. It doesn't make a particle of difference what anybody ever said about the Negro matter before the first day of Jun of this year."

110 years ago today - Aug 18, 1908

[George F. Richards]
At this meeting the place of burial of Joseph & Hyrum Smith was discussed. Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith said they were first buried in the Nauvoo House or Mansion, I do not just know which not having been there, They were afterward at the instance of _________ moved to the old Smith Home/basement Lot. Afterward at the instance of Emma Smith they were moved to a grove some distance either up or down the river I forget the name of the grove & whether up or down the river. Hibbard grove. They were afterward moved back to the Smith Lot where there are others of the family buried. pres[ident]. Smith's mother was an eye witness to the burial moving of the bodies from the Smith Lot to the Hibbard grove mentioned which event took place in the night. Emma had told the Patriarch's wife that she intended to have it done that night and the day previous told her it would not be done but about eleven o'clock that night the Patriarch's wife, Jos[eph]. F. Smith's mother felt impressed & following those impressions went to the spot and found them in the act of removing the bodies. The following day Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smith then a boy went to the place and found the open graves of as I remember it Don Carlos Smith. A corner of the lid was broken in and he looked into the casket and saw the face and the worms crawling. Some years ago when Jos[eph]. Smith [III] the Son of the Prophet and head of the Re-organite Church moved to Independence he wrote to John Smith the Eldest living Son of the Patriarch Hyrum stating his intention to move his father's bones to Independence [Missouri] and asking permission to move Hyrum's remains. John & Jos[eph]. F. [Smith] half brothers conferred to-gether and answered that if he Joseph wished to move his father they supposed he had a right to but that he was not to move the remains of their father but should he Joseph decide to move his father's remains they desired to be notified for the time that they might have a representative there and they would move the remains of their father Hyrum to Utah. Nothing more came of it. At the time of Emma Smith's burial a certain man, I forget his name, said he saw Joseph slip off the distances to determine where the Prophet was buried and when they came to dig the grave they dug too close the Prophet's grave and uncovered a part of the casket. All this shows the buried to be at that place in Nauvoo [Illinois]. The purpose of Emma having the bodies of the Prophet and Patriarch moved from the Home lot to the grave and of deceiving the wife of the Patriarch was to keep the knowledge of the whereabouts of their burial from the Twelve.

[Source: George F. Richards, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

175 years ago today - Aug 18, 1843. Friday.

[William Clayton]
President Joseph instructed S[amue]l James in the order of the Holy Priesthood [IE plural marriage] ... I had some conversation with Brother [Newel] Whitney and have learned that Farrs family are conspiring with Walkers boys and girls and they with E[mma Smith] to accomplish my downfall. I find they are my secret enemies but I fear them not for God who knows the secrets of all hearts knows mine also. I told M[argaret] of this and ascertained that she had acknowledged to A[aron] that I had slept with her and if it never had been done (our union) it should not be. This of course has given him a plea and a weapon against me. [William had taken Aaron's finance' Margaret as a plural wife while Aaron was on a mission.]

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Aug 18, 1843

Joseph Smith instructs Samuel James in the principle of plural marriage.

[Source: Hales, Brian C., Joseph Smith's Polygamy: History and Theology, 3 vols., Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2013 (www.JosephSmithsPolygamy.com)]

10 years ago today - August 17

[Proposition-8]
A somewhat mysterious and hard to decipher group called the Eagle Foundation joins the Prop 8 forces. It apparently is the evolution of the Eagle PAC which was formed to get Mormons financially involved in politics. One of the main players in Eagle, Bart Marcois, founded and chaired the RNC Advisory Council on LDS Outreach, and was responsible for massive volunteer surge team deployments nationwide in the 2004 and 2006 campaign cycles. He apparently used his talent for grass-root Mormon organizing for the Prop 8 campaign. The Prop 8 campaign reportedly paid Eagle $130,000 in October.

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

35 years ago today - Aug 17, 1983-Wednesday

[Leonard Arrington]
This summer Carol Lynn arranged for [her 15-year-old daughter] Emily to spend a week with some church young people in Provo Canyon, a little beyond Sun Dance. A good experience. Then Carol Lynn joined her for Sunday-a worship service They had Elder Hartman Rector to speak to them. It proved to be a disaster. He gets up to speak and tells them about all the evil forces, Satan's way: abortion, birth control, homosexuality. These are all Satanic. No birth control except willpower for birth control. Satan himself is a homosexual and homosexuality is peculiarly satanic for that reason. And so on. Emily [whose father is gay], who was sitting with other girls, got rigid, then ran over to sit by her mother and started sobbing. Her mother suggested they leave, but she wouldn't. Insisted on staying through it, sobbing. Her mother, after the meeting, tried to talk to her, explaining that Elder Rector was not necessarily preaching church doctrine, but giving his own view, etc. Her daughter finally calmed down.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Aug 17, 1978-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Yesterday afternoon Alice Smith, our friend of many years from Logan (Mrs. W. Whitney Smith) spent a full hour talking with me about women in the Church. She has been a member of the General Board of the Relief Society for about 18 years and is fairly sure that she will be released in the near future because of this long service. She came in to see me, I suppose, because we were personal friends and because she knew I was interested in the history of women in the Church.

Alice had just returned from regional meetings in Roanoke, Virginia. This plus things she has heard the Brethren say and things she has read give her great anxiety. She is very discouraged and doesn't see any reason for hope about the future role of women in the Church. She is surely not a feminist; she is very much a traditionalist. But the tradition as she understands it gives women an equal, though not similar, role with men-equal but different. She has read through many times the early minutes of the Relief Society in which Joseph Smith made comments. She is also aware of the changes in these minutes that were made by George A. Smith in the 1850s. And it is this revised form that has been published by the Relief Society ever since. It is that revision which the Brethren have read and which they quote from. There are significant differences. [[For instance, George A. Smith changed Joseph Smith's statement to the Relief Soci- ety in April 1842, "I turn the [priesthood] key to you" to "I now turn the key in your behalf." ]] She sees the role of women being constricted from the 1850s up to the present. She thinks Joseph Smith's vision of woman and her role is what should be our guide, and she wishes somehow we could give that particular emphasis.

Alice says that we are gradually losing our women. She says this was clear in Virginia, where the attendance of women at Relief Society meeting and at Sacrament meeting is dropping substantially. She has obtained statistics for the whole church which show the same thing happening. Attendance of women at Relief Society is considerably lower than attendance at Priesthood meeting, and attendance of women at Sacrament meeting is lower than for men. Whereas men run around 40-45 percent, women are now averaging about 35 percent. This is compared with, say, 45 percent five years ago for the women. She attributes this to the Relief Society in particular and the Church in general not meeting the needs of the women. I asked her for particulars on this, and she feels it is not a result of particular things as much as the general attitude of women feeling inferior. Item: Women are not now permitted to pray in Sacrament meeting. Ten years ago women were permitted to close Sacrament meeting while a man was supposed to open it. Item: Women used to be permitted to bless other women. This [was] particularly true of midwives who were permitted-indeed, encouraged-to administer to women who were about to undergo childbirth or who had other illnesses. This has not been true for 30 or 40 years. Item: Few if any bishops or stake presidents would permit a woman to join or to stand as observer at the blessing of her baby. This was once permitted where the woman requested it. Item: The women once had their own magazine and therefore an avenue of communicating with each other. This has not been true since 1970. Item: The women once had their own money and therefore had a certain autonomy in what they did. It was hard to get the money; they had to hold bazaars and sponsor stands at fairs and put on plays and musicals and solicit donations, but at least they were permitted to do this and had a certain independence because they controlled their money. They have not had this privilege in the last ten years. Item: Once upon a time women were invited to speak in General Conference. No woman has been invited in recent years to speak in the open sessions; and despite the importance of women in the Welfare program, only one woman is permitted to speak in the Welfare session of General Conference; namely, the [Relief Society] president, who has seven minutes. Everybody knows that the influence of women on children and young people is stronger than that of men simply because they are around them more. Everybody knows that if the father is inactive and the mother is active, the children will be active, whereas if the father is active and the mother inactive the children will rarely be active. The influence of the mother on children and the youth is determining. If we are denigrating women and their position we will soon lose the youth, and when we lose the youth our future is dim. Sister Smith hoped that I could give her just one example of some action in recent years which has raised the position of women in the Church. If I discover any such thing now or in the days to come she wants me to write her. Some of the General Authorities are quoting statements by Brigham Young which suggest the inferiority of women. Alice says that President [Harold B.] Lee, under whom the magazine and the money were taken away from the Relief Society, was accustomed to using a quotation from President Joseph F. Smith about woman and her role, and she said that if he had used the paragraph which follows that quotation the net effect of the quotation is nullified. [[Lee believed women should support their husbands and raise children. See, e.g., "Maintain Your Place as a Woman," Ensign, Feb. 1972.]] She suggests that Belva Ashton is equally concerned on these matters but that neither Alice nor Belva have any effective voice. She says that neither the presidency nor the board members have access to the First Presidency nor to the Quorum of the Twelve. The advisors to the Relief Society now are this General Priesthood Committee with Dean Larsen as chairman and with Brother Worthlin [Joseph B. Wirthlin] as the particular Relief Society coordinator or advisor. Brother Worthlin presumably has access to Brother Larsen. Brother Larsen presumably has access to some member of the Twelve, and that member of the Twelve presumably has access to the Twelve as a group, which in turn has access to the First Presidency. But relatively speaking, things do not work that way. Brother Wirthlin passes on to Brother Larsen what he feels Brother Larsen wants. Brother Larsen passes on to the member of the Twelve what he feels the Twelve want, and the result is that what the Relief Society really wants is never seen by the First Presidency. Nor are the Relief Society presidency permitted to make an end run around to the First Presidency. There is the strongest admonition that they must not do that. The result is that the First Presidency are asked to approve policies for the Relief Society on the assumption that they are approved by the Relief Society presidency when as a matter of fact they have been watered down and are not at all what the Relief Society presidency wants. I asked Alice why it was that the Relief Society presidency did not feel like they could go directly to the [First] Presidency on some matters that they feel strongly about and let the Presidency know how they really feel. I said, "I feel sure that Belle Spafford did this." She said that is true; Belle did. She said Sister Spafford was a strong personality; she made her desires known, and she got away with it. That, however, is not the characteristic of the three members of the presidency. Janath Cannon is scared to death; Sister [Marian Richards] Boyer is not sharp enough to see all the problems and to be articulate in expressing them. Barbara Smith just is not the kind of a strong personality. Her husband [Douglas] is a strong personality and high in the circle of influential persons in the Church. And he would not be able to understand this problem

with respect to women. As for Barbara, she senses it, she feels it, but she was trained in her home and in her marriage with the idea of women being submissive and obedient. It just would not occur to her to be pushy.

I asked Alice what we could do to improve this situation-to have a helpful influence. She said that it would be helpful if we continue to stress in our historical writing the broader and more influential role of women in early Church history and the views of the Prophet Joseph Smith. But she is impatient and does not think that influence will be very strong or very immediate. What else? Well, nothing really. I guess she hoped that I would have conversations with people and might express a concern, but she surely does not realize how little influence we have in that way. Alice says that she hasn't lost her testimony in any way, but she feels depressed about the future of the Church because of the way they are treating women as inferior beings or second-class citizens. I tried to bring up the positive role of Exponent II, and she said that it has so few readers. She said the Relief Society board members were not permitted to subscribe to Exponent II, and so she and a few others who want to subscribe do so under the names of their husbands.

Alice loves the Church too much to be unconcerned about this matter. When she is released from the board, which she thinks will be soon, she then wants to publish two or three things, possibly in Exponent II, that will help to call attention to these concerns.

Alice is not at all exercised over the "priesthood question;" that, is she has never thought that women ought to hold the priesthood, and thinks that that is an extraneous issue. She thinks not [m]any women want to hold the priesthood. It is just that they be regarded as equals-as not inferior. It is just that women ought to participate in the decision-making process that affects them. They ought to have some say in the direction of the ward, the stake, and the Church generally. There is a statement which Susa Young Gates made in the Relief Society Bulletin-the predecessor of the Relief Society Magazine-in which she says, "Women do not hold the priesthood. They ought to face this calmly and express it thoroughly and calmly to their daughters."

Whatever problems the Relief Society has today, they are probably not equal to those of the 1920s when they were under the Presiding Bishopric. That, according to Jill [Mulvay Derr], who has studied that period of Relief Society history, was the most frustrating of all-worse than the situation today where they don't have direct access to the Twelve or the First Presidency. [[For more, see Beecher and Anderson, eds., Sisters in Spirit.]]

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

65 years ago today - Aug 17, 1953

[J. Reuben Clark]
Richard G. Grant, son of Walter A. Grant who works in the PBO, called about a subject that is worrying him a great deal: woman's position in the home, in life, towards authority and toward polygamy; he cannot understand the inequality toward woman; that she cannot hold the Priesthood; whereas man can have more than one wife sealed to him, a woman can only have one husband. ...

Bro. Grant said he had worried about it until it is affecting his sanity, that he had talked it over with his bishop and others and they had not been able to satisfy them, and he just did not think it was just. Pres. Clark asked him if that was the only injustice in the world.

To the specific question of "why", Pres. Clark said: "I do not know. I do not think anybody else knows. The Lord did not set it up that way. Why he did not, you can theorize about it, but you won't get anywhere on it ... I do not worry about things that I can't understand or explain and I do not worry about things I can't change."

Bro. Grant said, "I guess that is the answer."

In the evening, Pres. Clark said that Bro. Grant had called on Luacine, that he was a friend of hers, that his problem seemed to be that he wanted to get married but the girl won't marry him, because she is afraid he will have another wife in the Hereafter besides her.

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

125 years ago today - 17 August 1893 ¿ Thursday

[George Q. Cannon]
[A man from Provo] desired to see me, Brother Lyman communicating his wishes. He is in transgression. A young woman that he wanted to marry, but was prevented from marrying by the issuance of the Manifesto, he has become too intimate with, and she is now pregnant. We gave him counsel what to do. He expressed himself willing to make any confession that was required and to do anything, to any extent, for he truly repented of what he had done. ...

In the evening I had a meeting with my family and laid before them a little of my financial situation, and told them that I had been forced to the conclusion, owing to my financial straits, to stop the dining room and the employment of the help needed there, and for each branch of my family to do their own cooking and supply themselves, excepting flour and vegetables. ... I had regretted it exceedingly, for several reasons, but particularly because of the work that it imposed upon them, which I had been desirous to save them from and also the loss of the opportunity of meeting together morning and evening and having family prayers.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

160 years ago today - Aug 17, 1858

[Hosea Stout]
... Was invited by Judge Eckles to day to his room[.] He gave me a letter from one Wm R Yancey to him stating that one John Beal had been castrated in Ogden lately for adultery with E. Lishs wife. He requested me to make the proper inquiry and ferrit the matter out and have the parties engaged in it brought to justice[.] He also spoke of several other cases of larceny which he wanted hunted up and punished

[Source: Diaries of Hosea Stout]

160 years ago today - Aug 17, 1858

Apostle George A. Smith, after extensive consultation with leaders of Mountain Meadows Massacre, writes official account which details their movements on day of massacre but not their participation in it. Begins conspiracy to obstruct justice.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

180 years ago today - Aug 17, 1838

It is stated in the Canton, Ohio, Repository, that this people to the number of about 200, with 57 waggons filled with furniture, cattle, &c. have left Geauga [county, Ohio], on their way to the "promised land" in Missouri. They pitch their tent in the open field at night after the manner of the ancient Israelites.

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

10 years ago today - August 16

[Proposition-8]
"The First of three Saturday precinct walks are to be held under the direction of the Regional Directors." Jeff Flint, a strategist with Protect Marriage, spoke about this period after the campaign, estimating that Mormons made up 80 percent to 90 percent of the early volunteers who walked door-to-door in election precincts. [ProtectMarriage coalition says 15,000 first weekend; second weekend 25,000 door-to-door walkers were out.]

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

130 years ago today - Aug 16, 1888

He [Joseph Smith] had a large roll of paper rolled up in a valise which he carried with him, which he claimed to [Joseph] Knight was a translation from these plates and constituted the revelation. He farther showed this manuscript to Knight, which he claimed was translated by himself by looking through the Urim and Thummim while he sat behind a blanket hung across a room in order that the sacred records might be kept from profane eyes, and read off the "Book of Mormon," or Golden Bible as he sometimes called it, to Oliver Cowdery who wrote it down. He showed the certificate to Knight, which was attached, and read it to him as follows. ... After reading this off to Knight[,] Smith saw he had made a convert to his new religion. He took up the silver bows and looked in them steadily for a few minutes when he says: "Lo! I see feathers! I see feathers, a stump, a fence, a field. Yes, indeed, between this and Jericho is a stump covered with feathers, at the south east side of which is a pot of gold. Perhaps the treasure was buried there by Captain Kidd." ... Well, Smith and Knight arranged to get a neighbor or two and go up there and get the treasure on the following morning. Little sleep was found in that house the remainder of that night and in the morning Knight had his men with shovels, picks and bars ready for the crusade. Before leaving Smith gave his charge to all the men, that not a word must be spoken while they were digging nor within 10 rods of the place where the treasure was, else it would vanish. They went toward Jericho, and when about three fourths of the way along Smith stopped his horse and said to the men, "This looks like the place." Knight climbed up on the fence and looking off toward the woods said, "I see a stump with feathers on it." Smith then told him "This is the place." They dug around the stump all that day but found no treasure to satisfy their craving natures, but went home tired and jaded. The following morning they returned to the toil when about noon one of the men struck his pick on something hard that gave a sound like the lid of a pot. Without consideration he said "I have struck it," when Smith exclaimed: "Fool! thou art, the pot of gold was there but thy voice hath caused it to vanish." And so as Smith said no gold or pot was found and the men returned home to reflect, not on the impossibility of gold not being there, but upon the foolishness of the neighbor.

[Source: "Impressions of the Work and Teachings of Joseph Smith, the Morman [sic], at Nineveh," Bainbridge (NY) Enterprise, 16 August 1888., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Bainbridge (Ny) Enterprise]

140 years ago today - Aug 16, 1878 (Friday)

The tower of the St. George Temple was struck by lightning and slightly damaged.

[Source: Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Aug 16, 1868

[Brigham Young]
said that the word Gentiles did not apply to Evry body out of the Church. It applyed to those who were rebellious against God & his gospel. There were many honorable men of the Earth who were not in the Church it did not apply to.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Aug 16, 1858

[Wilford Woodruff]
Furguson said that forty men went out under Lieut Lee to Chastize the Indians from Fort Bridger.

President Young said the Indians will ketch it yet. I want Enmity put between the wicked & the wicked. I do not Care one Groat about the whores who will go to the armey. They will not serve God or keep his laws and they may go to Hell. The people will prove themselves to be either good or Bad before the Lord.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 16, 1843. Wednesday.

[William Clayton]
This A.M. Joseph told me that since E[mma] came back from St. Louis she had resisted the P[riesthood] in toto and he had to tell her he would relinquish all for her sake. She said she would [have] given him E[liza] and E[mily] P[artridge], but he knew if he took them she would pitch on him and obtain a divorce and leave him. He however told me he should not relinquish anything. O God deliver thy servant from iniquity and bondage.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

180 years ago today - Aug 16, 1838

Announcement that the Kirtland temple to be leased by Mr. Slater to be used as a Temple of Science. When the man backs out of the lease, Oliver Cowdery fills it, being opposed to Joseph Smith at this point

[Source: Kirtland Timeline â€" Kirtland Safety Society, the Bank of Monroe, Temple Dedication, Consecration, and significant historical events related, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/kirtland-timeline-kirtland-safety-society-the-bank-of-monroe-temple-dedication-consecration-and-significant-historical-events-related/]

180 years ago today - Aug 16, 1838

Judge Morin and a sheriff come to arrest Joseph. He says he is always willing to submit to the laws of the land, but asks not to be tried in Daviess County because of his many enemies there. The sheriff decides not to serve the writ. Lyman Wight, however, defies the sheriff's authority, and when the story is published, state officials take immediate action against the Saints.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

1988 Mid-August

100 millionth endowment performed for the dead.

[Source: Hemidakaota, "Church Chronology from 1800-2000," http://lds.net/forums/topic/10668-church-chronology-from-1800-2000-part-1/]

Aug 15, 1978-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
I learned today that our archives has received some of the papers of A. Hamer Reiser who was formerly secretary of the First Presidency of the Church. ... Brother Affleck suggests that "It would be conservative to say that the $26 million-plus was spent on purchases and services in the communities of Utah to an additional 2,000 persons or firms." In other words, he summarized, "at least 3,000 persons and firms in Utah did business with the Church in 1960 for a total of $44,847,000."

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

Aug 15, 1973-Wednesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Brother Anderson came into my office for a few minutes this morning. He said that President [Heber J.] Grant told him that Joseph F. Smith told President Grant about an informal, friendly conversation he had in Independence with Joseph Smith III [RLDS President]. Joseph Smith III leaned over to President Smith and said, "You know, I wish I knew for sure which one of us is right," and President Joseph F. replied, "I thank the Lord that I do know which one is right."

A close friend of Frederick M. Smith was Dr. Henry Russell. Dr. Russell told President Grant in the presence of Elder Anderson that he had said to Frederick M., "Do you mind if after you die I do your temple work for you?" President Smith hesitated a moment and said, "No, I guess that would be all right."

President Grant was talking with Frederick M. Smith one time and President Smith asked President Grant if he had ever seen the Lord. President Grant said no, but he had felt the presence of the Holy Spirit of the Lord after his call to be an apostle. At that time the Holy Spirit assured him that his call was from the Lord and after that experience he was reassured that he should be an apostle.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

Aug 15, 1903; Saturday

[John Nuttal]
At the office obtained Pres[ident]. Jos[eph]. F. Smiths signature to the applications for Trade mark for the Garment labels.

[Source: L. John Nuttall, Diary]

Aug 15, 1883; Wednesday

[Anthony Ivins]
I went to Chalco today and after talking with the Judge secured Bro [Lino] Zarates release by paying a fine of $15.00 and promising that he would either provide bondsmen within 15 days or move away from Ozumba. [August 18, 1883: Saturday] This afternoon [Rafael] Martinez the man who had formerly came in from the state of Hidalgo with the letter from a Protestant congregation in that state returned ^and stated^ that six of the members of their congregation had been ar- rested and imprisoned on the charge of being connected with the society of the Black Hand. They were held two days and released on bonds. Bro. Martinez brought in a letter from the brethren which declared their intention to press forward.

[Source: Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

10 years ago today - 8/14/2008

[Proposition-8]
ZIP Code Supervisor Jack Slade writes: "I (Jack Slade) have been asked by my bishop to be a zip code supervisor in my area to organize volunteers to identify voters in my area who are voting in favor of this proposition. I learned during training sessions that the LDS church is the only member of the Protect Marriage group that will be performing this initial door-to-door voter identification. It is a solemn duty that we have been called to perform."

[Source: https://island.byu.edu/content/protect-marriage-yes-ca-prop-8; Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

80 years ago today - Aug 14, 1938

The first Deseret Industries store opens with its dual purposes of providing low-cost used items as well as employment for disabled and elderly persons. Orson H. Hewlett patterns this after Goodwill Industries.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - 14 August 1893 - Monday

[George Q. Cannon]
In the afternoon I attended a lawn fete, which was given by the Woman's Suffrage clubs at Sister Dye's gardens-a very beautiful spot in the 20th ward. Among other, I gave an address, having been advertised to do so. My wife Carlie was there and we rode home together.

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

145 years ago today - Aug 14, 1873

[Wilford Woodruff]
... we took Cars on the Utah southern rail road & rode to the Junction of the narrow gage to Granite. We there took a car rode up the Mountain to the Granite Station & there saw 75 or a 100 men splitting up into Blocks large Granite bolders 30 feet high & all these bolders when split up were loaded on to flat cars & landed in the Temple block in Salt Lake City a distance of some 20 miles.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

10 years ago today - 8/13/2008

The unsigned "Divine Institution of Marriage" document released via LDS Church newsroom. ... The document suggests that domestic partnerships would be okay, a shift from the prior position stated in the 2006 LDS Public Affairs interview with Dallin Oaks and Lance Wickman.

[Source: Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

10 years ago today - 8/13/2008

A note preceding the article [in Meridian Magazine about Proposition-8] advises that the Family Leader Network is still looking for "people who do not live in California who would be willing to create calling teams to help educate people in California regarding the importance of this marriage protection amendment."

[Source: Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

40 years ago today - Aug 13, 1978

BOISE IDAHO STATESMAN article: "BYU Clarifies Dress Code to Allow Women to Wear 'Female-Cut' jeans."

75 years ago today - Aug 13, 1943

Setting of the draft age at eighteen years of age for young men for military service brought about certain considerations on the age at which young men should be ordained elder in the Melchizedek Priesthood. On the basis of individual worthiness young men might now be ordained elders at the age of eighteen. The former recommended age was nineteen years of age.

[Source: 1943-August 13-Original circular letter, L.D.S. Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

115 years ago today - Aug 13, 1903; Thursday

Brother John Henry Smith said that on Sunday, in company with President [Jospeh F.] Smith, the Patriarch and others, he attended the ceremonies of laying the corner stone of what is known as the orthodox Jewish Synagogue in this city. President Joseph F. Smith and he delivering addresses ...

[Source: First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Monday Aug 13, 1883

[John Nuttle]
Prest Taylor & party drove to the [Salt Lake] Temple and examined the whole building gave directions (sic) the Presidency gave directions in regard to the Seats in the Stands in the upper Room

[Source: Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 13, 1843

[William Clayton]
He [Joseph Smith] then showed that Sidney Rigdon had bound himself by an oath to Governor Carlin to deliver J[oseph] into the hands of the Missourians if he could & finally in the name of the Lord withdrew the hand of fellowship from him & put it to the vote of the people. He was cut off by an unamous vote & orders to demand his license. [Rigdon is later reinstated.]...

At night my wifes mother went into the garden to pray just as we were going to bed. Margaret and Lydia went out & found her on her knees. She was deranged.... From her conversation with Lydia this afternoon it seems she took Prest. J-'s remarks very deeply to heart & that with her fears for [Clayton's plural wife] Margaret overwhelmed her.

[Source: The Nauvoo Diaries of William Clayton, 1842-1846, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - Aug 13, 1843

Joseph Smith accuses First Presidency member Sidney Rigdon of conspiring with John C. Bennett and other anti-Mormons, and a Church conference temporarily disfellowshipps him.

180 years ago today - Aug 13, 1838

Committee of Carroll citizens orders the Saints to leave the county.

[Source: LeSueur, Stephen C., The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri, Appendix: Chronology of Events in Missouri, 1838-1839]

105 years ago today - Aug 12, 1913

Forenoon was occupied in committee meeting of the Twelve called by President [Francis M.] Lyman, particularly to consult with the Presidency of the Nebo [Utah] stake relative to the activity of Bishop John H. Koyle, of Leland ward. Brother Koyle is the instigator of the excitement and agitation relating to his so-called 'Dream Mine.' It appears to me necessary that he be relieved of his bishopric.

[Source: James E. Talmage, Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

125 years ago today - Aug 12, 1893

[Marriner W. Merrill]
Attended meeting in President Woodruff's office at 1 p. m. with the Presidents of Stakes when President Woodruff spoke of the financial condition of the Church and asked help from all the Stakes in loans and the prompt payment of all tithings due from all tithe payers. The Presidents of Stakes voted to do all they could to relieve the Church, and meeting adjourned. I went out to Saltair bathing resort at 3:45 p. m. and returned at 5:10 p. m. and took train at 8 p. m. for home.

[Source: Notes from the Miscellaneous Record Book, 1886-1906: Selected diary notes from the journal books of Marriner Wood Merrill, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Aug 12, 1893

[Francis M. Lyman]
At 1 P.M. met with the Presidency and Twelve and Presidency of Stakes as follows [32 names] The financial embarrassment of the Church were laid before us by Pres[iden]ts Woodruff, Smith and Cannon. Will the Saints who are able come to the rescue of the Church credit by loaning money or security and by coming forward with their tithes and temple offerings? was the question. All present felt they would with all their ability. This was decided by unanimous vote. The straightened circumstances of the people were referred to. Very little talk was done. The Church will pay 10% per annum and give Trustee in Trust notes payable in one year. The prospect does not look very favorable as the Saints are just as pinched as the Church.

[Source: Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 12, 1843

Polygamy was announced in the Nauvoo High Council, read by Hyrum Smith. No wording exists. Hyrum stated in June 8, 1844:

"[The revelations given to Joseph] was in answer to a question concerning things which transpired in former days & had no reference to the present time."

As curiously noted, "Hyrum Smith married four plural wives in 1843. It's clear that Hyrum Smith had rationalized that it was OK to mislead. As a result, Austin A. Cowles resigned from the High Council.

[Source: Dayne, More Wives Than One, p 33; Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

175 years ago today - Before Aug 12, 1843

Lucy Walker Smith Kimball recalls Joseph Smith saying about her ailing sister, ["]I am under the greatest obligations to look to her welfare and have come to take her home with me, where I can look after her myself,["] instead of taking her into the house he told the boys to drive down to the Mississippi River, then took her in his arms and baptized her, then brought in Sister Emma, Noble woman that she was, helped change her clothing - and all that loving hearts and willing hands could do, was done but a few days only she lingered, then joined her dear mother in the spirit world and we were left more lonely than before."

[Source: Stapley, Jonathan and Wright, Kristine, '"They Shall Be Made Whole": A History of Baptism for Health,' Journal of Mormon History, Fall 2008]

40 years ago today - Aug 11, 1978-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
Haybron Adams took me to his office and sa[i]d, "I would like to show you a letter which somehow came into my hands." It was a xerox of a letter from Ezra Taft Benson to a Brother Huerder (I think) [Buerger]. ... Based on the response one supposes that this "Brother Huerder" [Buerger] had written Brother Benson about Story of the Latter-day Saints and about the article in Dialogue two or three years ago by Duane Jeffrey on "Seers, Savants, and Evolution." At any rate, Brother Benson replied rather tersely, essentially as follows: "In reply to your question about Story of the Latter-day Saints, let me say that it will never be republished. In reply to your question about 'Seers, Savants, and Evolution,' I very much regret its publication. It is an attempt to discredit Joseph Fielding Smith. There are inaccuracies in fact and interpretation of the Church's doctrine with respect to evolution."

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

80 years ago today - Aug 11, 1938

THE BIRTH OF THE DESERET INDUSTRIES AS A UNIT OF THE CHURCH WELFARE PROGRAM

... In a further effort to provide opportunities for individuals to become self-sustaining, there has been organized in the Salt Lake Region of the Church Welfare Plan a project known as Deseret Industries.

We see great promise for this project if Stake and Ward workers will cooperate fully in stimulating an interest on the part of every homeowner within each Ward, member and non-members, to such an extent that they will be willing to give liberally of those articles that might have value in the Deseret Industries but of little value to the present owner. ...

Sincerely yours, LEGRAND RICHARDS HEBER J. GRANT M. O. ASHTON J. REUBEN CLARK JR. JOSEPH L. WIRTHLIN DAVID O. MCKAY The Presiding Bishopric The First Presidency

[Source: 1938-August 10-Deseret Industries pamphlet, 1951, in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

125 years ago today - Aug 11, 1893

[Wilford Woodruff to William Evans]
[I see] that your father died without having heard the gospel, and that your mother, in 1872, was sealed to him; and that in 1889, desiring the ordinance of adoption attended to, she wanted to be sealed over again, and that Pres[iden]t [Daniel H.] Wells said it could not be done, and advised that your mother be sealed to some good man, and her children adopted to him, etc. In regard to this I would say that I take it for granted that you fully appreciate the risk which a woman runs in being sealed to a man, who is dead, who had not received the gospel; and appreciating this I feel to allow your mother her own choice in the matter, but I see no reason whatever for a repetition of the sealing ordinance. In the event, however, of her allowing the sealing to remain uncancelled and you being adopted to your father I would advise that you, immediately after the adoption, have your father adopted to some good faithful man, dead or alive.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff to William H. Evans, Aug. 11, 1893, in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

125 years ago today - Aug 11, 1893

Due to the financial crisis, the Church Board of Education temporarily ceases financial support of the Church schools, and as a result approximately twenty stake academies are forced to close. In addition, "Young University" - which Talmage had been released from the Latter-day Saints University to oversee and which had been planned to open in the fall of 1893 - was postponed indefinitely, despite the building and preparations being planned.

[Source: Chronology of the Life and Work of James E. Talmage, J. Trevor Antley, https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MJsHY83JZL_n6CjWq11y1trT_CVXMMXAx2uYOWAwn0c/edit#heading=h.2zfdaoa]

155 years ago today - Aug 11, 1863

According to [Edmund C.] Briggs Young blamed Emma for the establishment of the Reorganized Church and said so in graphic terms.

"Emma Bidamon is a wicked, wicked, wicked woman and always was and she is at the bottom of this whole matter - Joseph [III] is led by his mother and is now acting under the direction of Emma"

[Source: Avery, From Mission to Madness, 73, quoting Journal of Edmund C. Briggs, August 11, 1863, in Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

175 years ago today - Aug 11, 1843. Friday.

[William Clayton]
A.M. To the Temple office. P.M. President Joseph came to my house and I went home with him and took dinner with him. In our conversation about Judge [James] Adams Joseph made this remark "No man can put forth his hand to steady the ark but God and his servant Joseph." ... Joseph told me to day that [William?] "Walker" had been speaking to him concerning my having taken M[argaret] [as a plural wife] away from A[aron] [to whom she was engaged] and intimated that I had done wrong. I told him to be quiet and say no more about it. He also told me Emma was considerably displeased with it but says he she will soon get over it. In the agony of mind which I have endured on this subject I said I was sorry I had done it, at which Joseph told me not to say so. I finally asked him if I had done wrong in what I had done. He answered no you have a right to get all you can.

[Source: George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://bit.ly/WilliamClayton]

175 years ago today - Aug 11, 1843

Hyrum Smith polygamous marriage to Mercy R. Fielding (Thompson)

[Source: Smith, George D (Spring 1994), "Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-46: A Preliminary Demographic Report", Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27]

85 years ago today - Aug 10, 1933

[J. Reuben Clark]
[In speaking with a woman who sought the support of the First Presidency to convince Senator King to support a program of birth control information for women not physically capable of bringing healthy children to birth:] I told her that so far as I knew the Church had never officially taken a position upon the question of birth control though all of our teachings were against it. ...

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

155 years ago today - Aug 10, 1863

CHICAGO TIMES notes, in an article about the newly opened Chicago Museum: "There are the two mummies which in the hands of Joe Smith were made to give a revelation and still they bear the original tablets with the cabalistic or coptic characters thereon."

180 years ago today - Aug 10, 1838

William P. Peniston swears out a warrant to Judge Austin A. King against Joseph and Lyman Wight stating that they have an army of 500 armed men, and with a force of 120 have threatened the life of Justice Adam Black and forced him to sign the affidavit of August 8.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - Aug 10, 1833

Oliver Cowdery writes Missouri brethren: ... tribulation "would not have come uopn Zion had it not been for rebelion"--rebellion against Joseph and all officers down to the least. ... therefore, brethren purge them out, & have no confidence in any except as such as will lay down their lives for this sacred cause for none others are worthy of it. ... there was no other way to cleanse the church. ... yet the elect will be saved, & Zion will be the joy of al saints & they will possess her forever & ever; ...the Son of righteousness will soon appear with healing in his wings ...

[Source: Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

10 years ago today - August 9

[Proposition-8]
An article written by Glen Greener, a Mormon with a controversial past ("citygate") in Salt Lake City government, and posted to the Mormon oriented Meridian Magazine website, claimed nine consequences if proposition 8 fails. The questionable claims in the writing are soon edited and distributed by Mormons in the campaign.

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

45 years ago today - Aug 9, 1973-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
President Lee ... told me about the welfare program in the Pioneer [Utah] Stake. He said they had a number of managerial executive-type persons in the stake who were disemployed during the depression. They set them up as executives of a stake organization which made negotiations with local farmers and manufacturers to exchange labor for produce and goods which would help supply the people with the basic needs. The program worked well and this eventually led to President Lee being called in by the First Presidency of the Church and asked to establish a Church Welfare Program. President Lee was overwhelmed by the assignment and prayed earnestly for support and help. He said he went out into a grove area to think and contemplate and pray and while there he received the voice of the Holy Spirit that this was a Priesthood function and it could all be organized under the Priesthood. "We didn't have to set up anything new. We already had the ideal organization for carrying it out." He said this was not a revelation-he did not hear an audible voice, but he felt that the message had got through to him from the Lord....

President Lee continued to stand and talk with me calling me "Leonard" almost fondly. He began talking about the problem of having committees read books by Church authorities. He said that he had served as a member of a committee (I gather as chairman of a committee) to read works by the General Authorities. He said they had had problems only with two authors or books-one of them was a book by Brother Ezra T. Benson. The reading committee made a number of suggestions and President Lee said when the book came out it did not incorporate a single one of any of the suggestions. In connection with this, President Lee in mentioning Brother Benson said, "Of course you know that he has been involved with the John Birch Society," which leads me to believe that it is a book which carries the John Birch line.

The other book he mentioned was [Deseret Book 1964 publication] The Fallacy by President Alvin Dyer. President Lee said he had the impression that the book came out too strongly and violently against the RLDS. Basically, I suppose, the reading committee felt that it should not reprint and that was the way the First Presidency finally decided, largely because it was more antiRLDS than it was a scholarly treatment of historic facts.

President Lee said that the RLDS have now been conducting an active missionary work in Belgium and elsewhere against our church and have made a number of converts. President Lee now wonders whether it is wise for us to try to bend over backwards in being friendly to the RLDS leaders. ...

As I was about to go President Lee said, "You are a fine writer, Leonard, and I appreciate what you have done. Let me say again that I thought Great Basin Kingdom was a magnificent work of research and writing. ...

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

115 years ago today - Aug 9, 1903

Apostle John Henry Smith attends and President Joseph F. Smith speaks at the cornerstone-laying ceremony for the orthodox Jewish synagogue Montefiore in Salt Lake City. Two months later the First Presidency donates $650 toward its completion.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - 9 August 1893 - Wednesday

[George Q. Cannon]
There was a meeting of Zion¿s Savings Bank & Trust Co. this morning, and Brothers Spencer Clawson and C. S. Burton of the State Bank were invited by Brother Joseph F. Smith to attend, and they spoke to us. Brother Clawson arose and commenced criticizing my views, did not agree with them at all, as I had expressed them at a former joint meeting of the two banks. He thought it was very well to trust in the Lord, but we ought to do some work; seeming to convey the idea that I was in for laying back and letting the Lord do everything and do nothing myself. Then he proceeded to criticize Geo. M. Cannon for the indifference he had shown about a proposition that had been made to solicit the depositors who were drawing the money out of the bank to let it remain. I interrupted him and asked him some questions, and I said to President Woodruff that I did not think it was an appropriate thing for Brother Clawson to com[e] here and deliver a lecture to the directors of the bank concerning their duty and what they should do and what they should not do. I felt quite stirred up by his remarks. I thought they were impertinent, and I told him he did not understand what he was talking about; that Geo. M. Cannon had been instructed what to do and had been doing it, and what he did was in full accord with our views. As for myself, I had expressed my views that I would not expose the condition of our banks to Gentile bankers. This was the proposition that he had found fault with; he thought we ought to do it. ...

[Source: The Journal of George Q. Cannon, Church Historian's Press, https://churchhistorianspress.org/george-q-cannon]

150 years ago today - Aug 9, 1868

[Brigham Young]
Just ask yourselves, historians, when was monogamy introduced on to the face of the earth? When those buccaneers, who settled on the peninsula where Rome now stands, could not steal women enough to have two or three apiece, they passed a law that a man should have but one woman. And this started monogamy and the downfall of the plurality system. In the days of Jesus, Rome, having dominion over Jerusalem, they carried out the doctrine more or less. This was the rise, start and foundation of the doctrine of monogamy; and never till then was there a law passed, that we have any knowledge of, that a man should have but one wife.

[Source: Journal of Discourses 12:262; WikiQuotes: Brigham Young, http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Brigham_Young]

175 years ago today - Aug 9, 1843

[Nauvoo Neighbor (Mormon newspaper)]
Story: "Is it true!" -- Editorial -- Describes the city of Nauvoo from the perspective of someone who is not a member of the church. He states that there are about 15,000 persons in Nauvoo, and about 1/3 of which are not members.

[Source: http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

40 years ago today - Aug 8, 1978-Tuesday

[Leonard Arrington]
Elder [G. Homer] Durham came in today to say that he had his monthly meeting with Elder [Gordon B.] Hinckley and Elder [Boyd K.] Packer from the Quorum of the Twelve. ... Elder Durham discussed with them the Relief Society history and they discussed two alternative procedures. (a) Having us write it with the assistance of the Relief Society; (b) Having the Relief Society assigned to write it with our assistance. If the latter should be determined, they recommended Belva Ashton to do it. ...

Elder Durham also brought up the matter that I had taken to him earlier about the passage in Nephi in the Book of Mormon which in the first and second editions used the phrase "white and delightsome" and in the third edition "revised by the prophet" [Joseph Smith] used the phrase "pure and delightsome." [[The verse (2 Ne. 30:6) refers to people in the Book of Mormon who had been "dark and loathsome" (1 Ne. 12:23) prior to their conversion to the ancient-American version of Jesus' gospel.]] Elder Packer was delighted to note this as did Elder Hinckley, and they both plan to take it to the Twelve and see if the Twelve would agree to making that change in the current edition of the Book of Mormon.

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

40 years ago today - Aug 8, 1978

TIME magazine reports a ninety-minute interview with President Spencer Kimball. The article reports that President Kimball's version of the process leading to the change [allowing Blacks to hold the priesthood] was much more "matter of fact" than the sensational speculations circulating in Salt Lake City: "I spent a good deal of time in the temple alone, praying for guidance, and there was a gradual and general development of the whole program, in connection with the Apostles." The article says that President Kimball "says flatly that Mormonism no longer holds to . . . a theory" that blacks had been denied the priesthood "because they somehow failed God during their pre-existence."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

75 years ago today - Aug 8, 1943

[Joseph Fielding Smith]
I attended the High Priests' meeting in the Garden Park Ward and set them straight on some doctrine.

[Source: Joseph Fielding Smith Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

140 years ago today - Aug 8, 1878

[John Nuttle]
Also Sister Rice as Midwife & nurse for the Orderville Ward was blessed to this appointment by Prest Snow --

[Source: Diary Excerpts of L. John Nuttall, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Aug 8, 1838

Joseph and the others [including Danites] meet with Adam Black, justice of the peace, and ask him to sign a letter stating that he had nothing to do with the mobs at Gallatin. Black later testifies that he was forced to sign the documents under threat of violence, and others state that Sidney Rigdon pulled a sword on Black.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

10 years ago today - August 7

[Proposition-8]
Local Mormon leaders continue soliciting donations. A Mormon blogger on nine-moons.com reports that the previous night he had a call from his Stake President, a high level regional Mormon leader over multiple local congregations. "We knew it was going to be about California's Proposition 8 - that's all the stake's been talking about for the past month." The leader asked "about making a contribution- a rather sizable contribution. He already had a figure in mind." The blogger made the donation the next morning, and an hour later their realtor called to say that they got the dream house they had made an offer on. The blogger called this "an amazing testimony of obedience" in his post.

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

10 years ago today - Aug 7, 2008

The LDS Church launched its own YouTube channel "Mormon Messages" to share inspirational videos with the world.

[Source: The Mormon Channel: The Broadcast and Media History of the LDS Church Timeline, http://radio.lds.org/eng/about/media-timeline]

85 years ago today - Aug 7, 1933

Wesley P. Lloyd, later dean of BYU graduate school, writes in his journal of a three-and-a-half-hour conversation with his former Mission President B. H. Roberts: "The conversation then drifted to the Book of Mormon and this surprising story he related to me.... a Logan man by the name of Riter persuaded a scholarly friend who was a student in Washington to read thru and to criticize the Book of Mormon.... Riter sent the letter to Dr Talmage who studied it over and during a trip east ask Brother Roberts to make a careful investigation and study and to get an answer for the letter. "Roberts went to work and investigated it from every angle but could not answer it satisfactorily to himself. At his request Pres. Grant called a meeting of the Twelve Apostles and Bro. Roberts presented the matter, told them frankly that he was stumped and ask for their aide in the explanation. In answer, they merely one by one stood up and bore testimony to the truthfulness of the Book of Mormon. George Albert Smith in tears testified that his faith in the Book had not been shaken by the question.... No answer was available. Bro Roberts could not criticize them for not being able to answer it or to assist him, but said that in a Church which claimed continuous revelation, a crisis had arisen where revelation was necessary. After the meeting he wrote Pres. Grant expressing his disappointment at the failure... It was mentioned at the meeting by Bro Roberts that there were other Book of Mormon problems that needed special attention. "Richard R. Lyman spoke up and ask if they were things that would help our prestige and when Bro Roberts answered no, he said then why discuss them. This attitude was too much for the historically minded Roberts... "After this Bro Roberts made a special Book of Mormon study. Treated the problem systematically and historically and in a 400 type written page thesis set forth a revolutionary article on the origin of the Book of Mormon and sent it to Pres Grant. Its an article far too strong for the average Church member but for the intellectual group he considers it a contribution to assist in explaining Mormonism. "He swings to a psychological explanation of the Book of Mormon and shows that the plates were not objective but subjective with Joseph Smith, that his exceptional imagination qualified him psychologically for the experience which he had in presenting to the word the Book of Mormon and that the plates with the Urim and Thummim were not objective. "He explained certain literary difficulties in the Book... "These are some of the things which has made Bro Roberts shift his base on the Book of Mormon. Instead of regarding it as the strongest evidence we have of Church Divinity, he regards it as the one which needs the most bolstering."

[Source: On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

125 years ago today - Monday, Aug 7, 1893

[John Henry Smith]
I was in company most of today with the Presidency. Money matters are simply desperate. No person seems to know how to turn in order to meet their obligations.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

155 years ago today - Aug 7, 1863

[R.L.D.S Church]
Briggs and McCord arrived in Salt Lake City on 7 August 1863 after a thousand-mile trek by wagon. The men immediately set to work preaching in the streets of the city, calling on the Mormons to "Arise, shake off your sins; turn once again to the Lord and serve him with all your might and strength." But this did little to endear them to the church leaders in the city, and soon it provoked action to stop the missionary work.

[Source: Utah History Encyclopedia: R.L.D.S Church, http://www.uen.org/utah_history_encyclopedia/]

165 years ago today - Aug 7, 1853

J[edediah] M Grant spoke ... the main reason why Jesus & the Apostles was persecuted & put to death was because they had a plurality of wives & brought testimony to prove it. ...

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Aug 7, 1843

The state elections are held. The Saints accept Joseph's word that, although he is voting for Walker, they should follow Hyrum's example and vote for Hoge. Hoge gets 2,000 Nauvoo votes and wins by only 700 statewide. It is thus the Nauvoo vote that elects Hoge, and the Saints as well as their enemies begin to realize that they can have enormous influence in state politics. Walker and the Whigs are, of course, furious with Joseph, having presumed that when he promised his own vote he would also deliver the whole Mormon vote. The Democrats also become suspicious of the Mormon strength in Illinois. Enemies outside Nauvoo begin to realize that something must be done about the Mormons.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

180 years ago today - Aug 7, 1838

Joseph Smith leads one hundred fifty Danites to Adam-ondi-ahman to protect the Saints. Mormons threaten judge Adam Black and others suspected of anti-Mormon activities. Reports of Mormon "invasion" spread through upper counties.

[Source: LeSueur, Stephen C., The 1838 Mormon War in Missouri, Appendix: Chronology of Events in Missouri, 1838-1839]

10 years ago today - August 6

[Proposition-8]
whatisprop8.com is registered and a site is launched by Mormon Kenny McNett where he teaches young Mormons how to spam blogs. He later is featured in videos produced by the Mormon church and the church is later accused of not reporting contributions such as these production and video distribution efforts.

[Source: Latter-Day Army: Details of Mormons and Prop 8, http://www.stopthemormons.com/?p=486]

30 years ago today - Aug 6, 1988

Salt Lake Tribune reports that [Mark] Hofmann was plotting to have members of the Utah Board of Pardons killed.

[Source: Whittaker, David J., The Hofmann Maze, A Book Review Essay with a Chronology and Bibliography of the Hofmann Case, BYU Studies Vol. 29, No. 1, pg.80,]

80 years ago today - Aug 6, 1938

The first letter to the First Presidency from Nigerian S. G. Bada, a Baptist minister who for the next year requests church publications and information. He is interested in Mormonism because in other Christian church Nigerian polygamists "are not to be regarded as full members at all." The First Presidency politely informs him of the church's current ban on polygamy and sends him publications. When he announces that he has resigned his pastorate and desires LDS baptism and ordination, the First Presidency again sends him publications but does not inform him of the church's refusal to ordain black Africans to the priesthood.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

115 years ago today - Thursday, Aug 6, 1903

[Rudger Clawson]
Elder Merrill attended fast meeting at home. Elder Merrill said that he received a message from Clarkston last Monday to the effect that a young brother there had committed suicide, and the bishop [John Ravsten] desired to know what kind of a funeral should be held in his case. He replied that he should be buried quietly and without display. He did not know, he said, what the rule is, but this was the advice given.

Pres. Smith remarked that the policy heretofore followed respecting suicides is that they should receive a speedy and unceremonious burial. This policy was reaffirmed upon motion of Elder Clawson, except in cases where it is clearly shown that the suicide was out of his mind.

Elder Jno. H. Smith said that in his judgment the question of maintaining national lines among the Latter-day Saints needed serious revision. He called attention to the fact that many of our emigrants upon arrival here receive little or no care or attention. There is a neglect somewhere, said he, and it should be corrected.

Pres. Smith said that the rule governing in this matter is that none should emigrate, except those who have relatives or kindred to receive and take care of them. However, in all other cases it is clearly the duty of the Presiding Bishop to give the proper attention. The clerk was instructed to write Bp. [William B.] Preston regarding this matter.

Some of the brethren spoke of the tendency among our people to move out of the state to the injury of the cause politically and otherwise. Pres. Smith deprecated this tendency and said that it should be discouraged, and he further remarked that our people should be encouraged to learn trades and prepare themselves to take the positions requiring skilled labor that are constantly open to us.

[Source: Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

135 years ago today - Monday, Aug 6, 1883

[John Henry Smith]
[Schauffhausen, Switzerland] I drank a glass of wine tonight for the purpose of finding what the people use.

[Source: Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

160 years ago today - Aug 6, 1858

[Mountain Meadows]
George A. Smith, one of the twelve apostles in the LDS Church, begins drafting an apostolic report on the massacre. The report blames the emigrants for inciting Indians. It also places John Lee at the scene, thus identifying him as the best possible Mormon scapegoat for the crime. (Historian Juanita Brooks believes [him] to be the person ultimately responsible for the massacre, having told Dame to issue the order that all the emigrants be killed.)

[Source: Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

175 years ago today - Aug 6, 1843

Joseph makes some comments about the election; he says, "The Lord has not given me a revelation concerning politics. I have not asked Him for one. I am a third party, and stand independent and alone." Joseph then says that Cyrus Walker is a good man and that he will vote for him, as promised. However, he also states, "Brother Hyrum tells me this morning that he has had a testimony to the effect it would be better for this people to vote for Hoge; and I never knew Hyrum to say he ever had a revelation and it failed. Let God speak and all men hold their peace. I never authorized Brother Law to tell my private feelings, and I utterly forbid these political demagogues from using my name henceforth and for ever."

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

175 years ago today - Aug 6, 1843

[Brigham Young]
... remarked in Conversation or inquired who had the Melchezedek priesthood. That if any in the Church had it he did not know it. For any person to have the fulness of that priesthood must be a king & a Priest. A person may have a portion of that Priesthood the same as Governors or Judges of England have power from the King to transact business but yet he is not the king of England. A person may be anointed king & priest before they receive their kingdom &c.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Aug 6, 1838

A fight breaks out when the Mormons are prevented from voting in the election at Gallatin (near Adam-ondi-Ahman). Because of the rumored activities of the Danites, and because of the pamphlet publication and circulation of Rigdon's Fourth of July speech, anti-Mormon feeling had been building once again in Missouri. Two weeks before the election, Judge Joseph Morin warned Mormons that William Peniston, an anti-Mormon candidate, had threatened to use force to keep Mormons from voting against him. When several Saints come to Gallatin to vote, they are attacked and a fight breaks out. Although Gallatin, the Daviess County seat, has only ten houses and three saloons, rumors spread that two Mormons have been killed and that thirty Saints have beat off a mob of two hundred. Other rumors of both Mormon and mob vengeance circulate rapidly.

[Source: Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology]

185 years ago today - (Tue) Aug 6, 1833

Joseph Smith claimed to receive a divine revelation instructing the Mormons to "renounce war and proclaim peace" and to allow their "enemies" to "smite" them as many as three times without their seeking revenge. [D&C 98]

[Source: Broadhurst, Dale R., Mormon Chronology, http://olivercowdery.com/history/morchrn2.htm]

Aug 5, 1978

UPI story about Sonia Johnson's appearance before U.S. Senate committee hearing on Equal Rights Amendment: "Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, clashed Friday with a woman of that faith who claimed a substantial number of female members are opposing the church's mandated opposition to the Equal Rights Amendment. She questioned how Mormon leaders, in their official statement opposing the ERA, can talk about the 'exalted role of woman in our society' and yet follow policies in the church that push women into secondary positions. 'Where equality does not even pertain, the word 'exalted' is a mockery,' she said. 'One wonders if the leaders of the church would gladly exchange their sex and become so exalted.'"

Aug 5, 1953

[J. Reuben Clark]
[In conversation with the stake presidents of Hurricane and St. George ...] Pres. Clark added that as the conversation progressed they seemed apprehensive that the Short Creek situation [raid on the FLDS community] might have stirred up the people and they might be suspicious of them, and they might not be kindly received. Pres. Clark told them that the Church had had nothing to do with the matter, that it had been handled by the Governor of Arizona, and he, himself, had not known anything about it until about 10 days before.

[Source: The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

President David O. McKay breaks ground for the Swiss Temple (later the Bern Switzerland Temple), the first temple to be built on the European continent.

[Source: Aug 05, 1953]

Aug 5, 1873

African-American Samuel Chambers tells a meeting of Salt Lake Stake deacon's quorum: "as I have been appointed a deacon I feel to fulfill my mission" On 8 Dec. 1874 he says that the gospel "is not only to the Gentiles but also to the African, for I am of that race." Denied priesthood ordination by LDS president from 1852 to 1978, some LDS African-Americans in Utah are officially appointed as "acting deacon."

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

Aug 5, 1843

Two days before the election and three weeks after Joseph's comments about Hyrum's taking over as prophet, Hyrum Smith announces to a large assembly that it was the will of God that the Saints should vote for the Democratic candidate. The next day, before the election, Joseph Smith preaches at the Sunday gathering and says, "Brother Hyrum tells me this morning that he has had a testimony to the effect that it would be better for the people to vote for Hoge; and I never knew Hyrum to say that he had a revelation and it failed. Let God speak and all men hold their peace." Joseph had promised his support to the Whig party but had changed his mind. The Mormon vote allowed Joseph Hoge to win a close race without Joseph, technically, breaking his promise.

Aug 5, 1838

[Wilford Woodruff]
I preached two discourses in the town house in Camden to a large congregation but the people do not realize it to be a day of warning and not of many words. This is the last time I shall lift up my voice unto this people, and when the wars and troubles come upon this eastern country they will find the servents of God have told them the truth.

[Source: Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

110 years ago today - 4-Aug 7, 1908

Debate between RLDS and LDS members illustrates the discussion between Brigham and Joseph Smith III and the need to "prove" polygamy and sexual polygamy explaining the motive for the affidavits since 1860

[Source: Exploring Mormonism: Polygamy Timeline, http://www.exploringmormonism.com/polygamy-timeline/]

130 years ago today - Apr 8, 1888

Zina D. H. Young was sustained as general president of the Relief Society at the church's general conference.

[Source: Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

135 years ago today - Aug 4, 1883; Saturday

[Anthony Ivins]
On Wednesday, Aug. 1. Bro. [Milson] Pratt went from Bro. Za- rates house in Ozumba to the principle plaza with the intention of preaching to the large number of people who were gathered there, it being market day. Bro. Zarate warned him not to do so, as it is against the law to have any religious ceremony outside of a house of worship, but to no avail. Finding that he was determined to go Bro. Lino went with him. Arrived at the plaza bro. Pratt, standing before the door of the Catholic Church began to preach. A tumult was created and the brethren were driven away with stones several of which struck them. Bro. Pratt was arrested and taken to prison and later Bro. Zarate was also imprisoned. They were kept in prison two nights and a day at Ozumba and then taken to Chalco where we found them. The only offense committed by bro. Lino was having Bro. Pratt in his house and being present when the latter preached, but notwithstanding this, and the fact that the judge was quite will- ing to release Bro Pratt on payment of a fine, he absolutely refused to release Bro. Lino on any terms.

[Source: Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

150 years ago today - Apr 8, 1868

Brigham Young called again for the organization of ward Relief Societies. Around this same time, Young commissioned Eliza R. Snow, one of his plural wives, to assist in reestablishing local societies. Through writing, speaking to local wards, and other efforts, she emphasized the importance of the Relief Society and provided guidance on how societies should be organized.

[Source: Matthew J. Grow, Kate Holbrook, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Jill Mulvay Derr, The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women's History, Chronology. https://churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/events]

165 years ago today - Aug 4, 1853

Apostle Amasa M. Lyman begins acting as medium in spiritualistic seances in San Bernardino, California. After being dropped from Quorum of Twelve in 1867 and excommunìcated in 1870, in seances with such prominent Mormons or former Mormons as T. B. H. Stenhouse, E. L. T. Harrison, William S. Godbe, Wilìiam H. Shearman, Henry W. Lawrence, Theodore Turley, Sarah B. Pratt, Andrew F. Cahoon, Arthur Stayner, John V. Long, Nathan Tanner, Sr., and Emma Brown Teasdale (wife of future apostle George Teasdale). Founding prophet's son David H. Smith also joins some of these seances while visiting Utah.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

180 years ago today - Aug 4, 1838

Stake president John Smith writes that "the Danites met the third time in Adam on diahman [Adam-ondi-Ahman, Missouri] since the 22 Jul." His first counselor Lyman Wight is a Danite colonel.

[Source: Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, Appendix 7: Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-47, http://amzn.to/origins-power]

190 years ago today - Aug 4, 1828

Anti-Masons hold a fourth convention in Le Roy, New York. Dissatisfied with both parties, they form the Anti-Masonic Party. (McCarthy 1903, p. 379).

[Source: Wikipedia: Chronology of Mormonism, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_Mormonism]

190 years ago today - Aug 4, 1828

Alexander Campbell describes to his readers his ecstatic experience of seeing three "kingdoms" of individuals who have received God's blessings.

[Source: Mark Lyman Staker, Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith's Ohio Revelations: A Selective Chronology of Significant Events in Ohio's LDS History]

40 years ago today - Aug 3, 1978

Two days after the suicide of Mormon schismatic Immanuel David due to the collapse of his sect, his wife Rachel throws each of their seven children off the eleventh floor of the Salt Lake City hotel, and then jumps herself. She and the sex children die in front of dozens of horrified witnesses on the street, while her fifteen-year-old daughter is paralyzed.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

45 years ago today - Aug 3, 1973-Friday

[Leonard Arrington]
Ron Esplin showed to me the suicide note which Orson Pratt wrote in 1842. This was shortly after his return from his mission to England. He had heard about the flirting and sexual immorality of his wife Sarah. [Sarah Marinda Bates] In confronting her with it, she had told him that Joseph Smith had made advances toward her and that she had attempted to evade him. This had made him so despondent that he could not see any reason for living. On the one hand, could he believe Joseph Smith in whom he had had faith for twelve years? On the other hand, could he doubt his wife whom he loved very much and was devoted to? Apparently a number of people in Nauvoo had heard of his despondency and were concerned about him. Missing him, they looked all over for him and finally located him down at the edge of the river as if he were about to jump in. We have in our archives a number of signed statements by individuals in a position to know, testifying as to Sarah's immorality and questionable behavior with John C. Bennett while Orson Pratt was on his mission in England. These were some people like Daniel H. Wells and others who were not members of the Church but who had seen Bennett and Sarah in a compromising position and had observed Bennett's comings and goings to her apartment. They deported themselves as man and wife. Apparently this evidence and the integrity of those giving it finally persuaded Pratt that his wife was not trustworthy. This led him to come back into the church and to become reconciled with the brethren. On the other hand, he may have felt guilty leaving his wife behind as he went on his mission to England and may have forgiven his wife Sarah. That explains his remaining with her and bringing her with him to Utah. Sarah, of course, later became divorced from Orson and she continually told as if true the story of the Joseph Smith importunities. In this she was, of course, encouraged by the apostates and anti-Mormons. [[Later historians would wonder if these statements against Sarah were reliable. An attempt to discredit her and other women who had talked about polygamy is evident in a circular issued by the Times and Seasons titled Affidavits and Certificates, Aug. 31, 1842, a replica typescript by H. Michael Marquardt available at Internet Archive, archive.org; for details about the Sarah Pratt incident, see Bergera, Conflict in the Quorum, 7-51.]]

[Source: Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

95 years ago today - Aug 3, 1923

[Heber J. Grant]
President Moroni Lazenby of the North Sevier Staked called and discussed sending young men on missions who were users of tobacco, believing that they would reform in the missionfield. I told him I doubted the advisability of taking chances on their corrupting the good lives of those who were observers of the Word of Wisdom; told him, however, if he would write me a letter suggesting that we call young men subject to their first reforming, that perhaps we would do this.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

125 years ago today - Aug 3, 1893

[Francis M. Lyman]
The burden of our prayers was for the relief financially so that Z[ions] S[avings] B[ank] and Trust Co[mpany]. and State Bank may not have to close their doors. We freelyacknowledged there is no human ability can save those institutions except the Lord guide them. ... Pres[ident] [George Q.] Cannon then reported fully his efforts in London to raise money and was unsuccessful. The fact that Cannon Grant and Co[mpany]. are staggering under the weight of the sugar factory with fair prospects that they would succumb. It was asked that the Trustee and Trust take up the load as it was shouldered by Cannon Grant and Co[mpany]. to raise the money to build the factory when it could not be raised by the church. I moved that the Trustees in Trust relieve Cannon and Grant & Co[mpany]. by taking up the lead and giving Trustee in Trust notes secured by Sugar Factory notes. Seconded by Pres[ident] L[orenzo]. Snow and carried unanimously. If this can be properly done it may save Cannon Grant & Co[mpany]. who have jeopardized all they have on earth to carry out the inspiration of the Lord through President [Wilford] Woodruff and his Counselors.

[Source: Francis M. Lyman Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Aug 2, 1913

"Warning Voice" in the August 16, 1913 issue of the Deseret News. ... The "Warning" was directed particularly at dream mines and their operators. The First Presidency requested the letter to be read in church meetings.

[Source: Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

120 years ago today - Aug 2, 1898

[Heber J. Grant]
At ten attended a meeting in the President's office of some of the leading men of the Church, and there was some talk on political matters. The feeling of all present was that it would be wise for our people to remain true to their political parties in the coming State election unless they felt to combine because of silver or some other item of this kind. None felt that it would be wise for us to have a nonpartisan party for a State ticket.

Personally I am in favor of Bro B H Roberts running as Representative to Congress and I hope sincerely that it is what will please the Presidency and that he will get the office.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

125 years ago today - Aug 2, 1893

[Heber J. Grant]
I have and do pray with all my heart and soul that the Lord will keep our Banks from failing. I feel that nothing but His power can do it.

[Source: The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

135 years ago today - Aug 2, 1883

John Taylor and several apostes state their preference for conferring only the Aaronic priesthood part of the endowment ceremony on newly endowed adults. No decision is made.

[Source: The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

175 years ago today - Aug 2, 1843

[Nauvoo Neighbor]
Letter to the Editor: -- Recommends voting against Cyrus Walker for the US Congress because he charged Joseph Smith $500 for legal services.

[Source: http://boap.org/LDS/Nauvoo-Neighbor]

185 years ago today - Aug 2, 1833

Joseph Smith receives two revelations (D&C 94 & 97) urging the creation of a city plat by "laying out and preparing a beginning." If the saints are obedient in building a temple, the City of Zion (in Missouri) will prosper and become glorious, and Zion cannot be "be moved" out of its place. It will "become glorious, very great and very terrible ... Surely Zion is the city of our God, and surely Zion cannot fall, neither be moved out of her place ..." The saints did not build a temple as commanded, and were subsequently driven out of Missouri by the Extermination Order.

[Source: D&C 94 & 97]