70 years ago today - Nov 12, 1949

[Former apostle Richard R. Lyman, Letter to Stephen L Richards (regarding his excommunication for adultry)]
Deep down in my heart I feel as if I had no trial. I think I was in the presence of the Brethren fewer than ten minutes. Brother Joseph Fielding [Smith] said 'We desire to give this serious matter as little publicity as possible' then came that terrible publicity the very next day that was read all over the world. My Michigan classmates (and I had been made president for life of the class of '95) heard it everywhere. My engineering friends, some of them the greatest engineers in the world, began discussing it.

Does it not appear to you to have been a strange way to treat a friend after being in session with him all day under such conditions that at the slightest whisper he could have been held and he would gladly and quickly have explained his conduct. I say does it not seem to have been most unkind to have sent after him, not an automobile full but a bus as large as a streetcar full of armed officers who split and [s]mashed down the door as if they were endeavoring to capture the worse kind of wicked armed and fighting criminal. The Chief of Police, Reed Vetterli, told me immediately afterward that if he had known that I was the one involved he would not have permitted the officers to do it to say nothing of his leading it himself as he did. He was only told that they were after a 'Big Shot.'

More than six years have not passed since this tragic affair happened. Many have forgotten it and I am treated by my school and engineering friends as if nothing had ever happened and many Church people, apparently thinking I was harshly treated, pay me more attention than they ever did before. I went to Midvale [Utah] today to the home of a friend who has lost his wife and the people flocked around like a long lost brother and one woman insisted on my going to her home to see her father and mother. I feel as if I cannot go to any chapel except in my own ward. I never miss my sacrament meeting but of course regret having to refuse to partake of the sacrament.

Now as to my offense. For reasons that seemed to me to justify it I agreed to regard that woman as my wife and she agreed to regard me as her husband. While no written note was made of this agreement at the time the date I feel sure was Nov[ember]. 9, 1925. This relationship had gone on for 18 years in a most quiet way before the publicity of more than six years ago. It seems to me therefore, now that I am nearly 80 years old, and since the Lord knows my heart and all the facts concerning my case, it may be wisest and best, as I stated above, and after these six long years, to wait and let the Lord over there give me what I deserve. ...

If anything could possibly be done, without publicity to induce the Brethren to extend to me the hand of welcome and friendship in the Church Office Building and in our various places of worship that would be the richest blessing I could ask. But having had another wife since Nov. 9, 1925, although not living with her, this is a something that I presume is impossible.

Please regard this letter as personal and confidential. Perhaps after reading it you may think it desirable for us to meet again and discuss some of these things further. Some one has said: 'If a man has not done anything for which he ought to be ashamed or sorry he is not a very bad man.' I hope this is the case with me. Can I ever be forgiven for saying that?

[Richard R. Lyman, Letter to Stephen L Richards, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Nov 12, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
This afternoon at 4 I attended a meeting at the Gardo House. The meeting was called to see what the best action to take would be to head off the efforts that were being made to prevent the members of the church from becoming citizens.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

135 years ago today - Nov 12, 1884

[Lorenzo Saunders Interview regarding Joseph Smith]
... I know it was before Jo. claimed to have taken the plates from the hill Cummorah. And there was some two or three of us traveled that ground over, & we could not find a hole. There was a great raft of them digging for money. E.L.K.

Who was at the head? Mr. S.

Jo. Smith with his peep Stone. I never saw Jo. Smith digging[.] ...

Mr. S.

(Excited) I tell you, sir, I am one of them that saw digging there & I will Swear to it. I am one of them that went & tore the door down to the cave. My Father was in possession & he ordered us to break that door down & put the hole up.--

Benjamin Tabor owned the land at that time. The cave was situated on the East side of the hill. ... I never Saw young Jo. Smith there by the cave. I will tell you I take the evidence from what the old man said respecting that; The old man said: what: Jo. could see in his peep stone what there was in that cave. & the old man said that Joseph could see. [p. 8] E.L.K.

Was it not an account of the stories of there being treasure hidden there by old Spanish Buchaneers? Mr. S.

Well I will tell you they did dig; Willard Chase & Alvin, the one that died. Willard Chase told me about a place; He said he & alvin Smith went there to dig & there was a chest there; and he said it was so large, & so wide (measuring with a cane) It was an iron chest. And he said they dug down & it only lay a little under the ground. I says how did this shovel become broken up like that? Willard Chase then told me; He says Alvin & I went down & found that chest. Willard Chase claimed his sister Sally had a peep stone. The Lord bless you I have seen her peep stone a hundred times; It was a little bit of a stone & it was green & she would hold it before light. After I left there, it was thirty years ago:--after I left there I can not tell you whether the peep stone was used or not[.] When men will come to me & tell me that men can pick stones out of this Earth [sentence incomplete]. as I told Jo. Smith when he dug one out of a well on Chases Farm in the Shape of a baby's foot. They dug that hole for money. Chase's & Smiths altogether was digging it[.] [p. 9] I knew all about the stone; Edmund Chase told me all about it, He lives here now, this side of Kalamazoo. He is a man older than I am[.] his name is Edmund Chase[.] I tell you when a man will come <<tell>> me that any one can get a stone, & see knowledge of futurity, I say that he is a liar & the truth is not in him. Steve Mungou lost his pocket book in the road with some $50. in money in it. He went right to Sally Chase to get her to look & see where it was; She went & looked. He was drawing wood out of the woods. She said that pocket book lays right at the side of a log in the woods where you loaded that wood. It lays right at the side of the log well we went & hunted & raked the ground over where she said but could not find it. It past along & finally one night got a paper from Canadagua [Canandaigua, New York], & in it was that a pocket book was found & taken to an old Ontario Bank[.] Took it there & the owner could come & describe his book. And he went & found his pocket book at the bank. I lost [a] drag tooth out of my drag, dragging on my brothers premises there; I says: Sally, tell me where is that drag tooth? She told me "it lays in a log heap." She says I think it lays a little past you will find it [p. 10]

I went & hunted & hunted but could not find it there. I afterwards found it away over in one corner of the field. Well I was going to tell you about Jo. We went to Smiths one day, it was a rainy day; We went into the old mans shop, he was a cooper, and the old man had a shirt on it was the raggedest & dirtyest shirt, and all full of holes. & we got Jo. Smith to look & tell us what color our Girls hair was. well you see by & by some of them says go to Jo. says he Jo. come look into futurity & tell us how it is there? Jo. says I can not do that, I can not look into futurity I can not look into anything that is holy. The old man stood there and says: "I guess he can not look into my shirt then["] E.L.K.

Do you remember whether Joseph Smith's wife was there when you saw Rigdon? M[r]. S.

I think she was. she used to be frequently at our house but I cant tell certainly for Jo. went down & married her in Penn. she used to be an awful fine pretty girl; she was an intelegent woman. My oldest sister & she used to be very intimate after Joseph was married. Right away after they was married she used to come to our house. My Father died in 1825. [p. 11]

Speaking of the Smith family I gave them credit for everything except Mormonism; They were good neighbors; They were kind neighbors in sickness; & Hiram Smith in particular when my father died he was at our house all the time. He <<& I>> had a brother died and he was as attentive then. They was always ready to bestow anything. The old man was always telling yarns, he would go to turkey shoots & get tight & he would pretend to put spells on their guns & would tell them they could not shoot a turkey. At the time the big hole was dug in the hill they was duped by one Walters who pretended to be a conjurer, I heard Willard Chase say that he was duped. They could not be deceived in it after he had gone through with a certain movements & [-] charged them $7. I seen the old man dig there day in and day out; He was close by. I used to go there & see them work. Joseph Smith never did work. They claim there in that book that Jo. Smith was a great worker. he was a lazy dog, I tell you the truth. He never worked for my brother; because I was there all the time. & Jo. Smith never worked there, & Jo. Smith was a fellow that would not form any acquaintance with anybody [p. 12] much & if he did he would get have conflict. Them days people drank liquor everybody drank whiskey & the Smiths with the rest ... L.S.



... I do not think Joseph Smith ever got any plates or ever had any plates. He got a glass box. I saw where the box was that was all. They claimed it was in that box. Now, if the plates was the thickness of tin the box could not hold one quarter of them. ... it was when Jo. Smith claimed to get the plates. Jo. Smith told the story but he told so many stories, it was a hard thing to get the fact in any way or shape. Now I can tell you what he told to our house respecting this revelation that he had in the very commencement before Alvin died, his brother; Sometime before this he claimed that he saw the Angel & that he was notified of these plates & all that & the time would be made known to him but it was not at that time made known to him but he must take his oldest brother & go <<to>> the spot & he could obtain them. Before that time his oldest brother died. Jo. Smith got that revelation a year or two before that. I do not know as I can tell what year Alvin died in[.] It was in the summer before Alvin died he told it at our house. perhaps Mrs. Smith has got the date of Alvins death in her record. After that Alvin died; Then Joseph said that he saw the angel again; The Angel told him he must go & get him a wife & then he could take his wife & go & get the plates. & he pretended he must get a black horse or a mule to go & get the plates[.] We went there & we examined the hill [p. 16] all over where he claimed to got the plates & we could not find a place that was broke & there was no plates on the ground where the hill was not broke. Robinson said he tried many times to find the hole where he took them out, that is on the west hill it was C cleared off E.L.K.

He claimed he threw it into a brush heap there is trees on the top of the hill & timber on the South side. ...

About the revelation that Joseph had that there was going to be a new Messiah brought into the world, I heard it intimated that Catherine was in a family way. I know nothing about it. I do not know anything about it, says I, this is a very delicate matter to meddle with female characters. E.L.K.

It is Catherine Saulbury now. L.S.



The time they lived there was 1830; She was quite a solid woman at that time. If you have read Tuckers book dont you know it is said that Martin Harris went through the streets claiming they had received a new [r]evelation there was coming out a new Jesus Christ Martin proclaimed one that would open the Eyes of the blind & cause the dum[b] to Speak. I never heard him say so. & on the way to Kirtland that child was born & it was a dead one & it was a she Jesus. It was implicated there at the time it Catherine & I told your brother so. says I it is intimated around that Sidney Rigdon was the origin of that [child][.] [p. 21] says I if you want to go into obscene matters I can tell somethings too. I went to Manchester at a Tavern. The old man Smith got tight there & Blue Brown. And they was always Contending to old Jo. that his Penis was 16 inches long. I told your brother that he climax was [once?][.] it was in a cold day & there their wives sat waiting outside for them & old Jo. & al measuring his drink. And then they had a square, & they measured; so old Jo. believed it was longer[.] so they pushed so hard they pushed it right through the seat of his breeches. I never believed about this there matter that Tucker put in the book, they claimed about the Wm Stafford black s[h]eep.

[Lorenzo Saunders, Interviewed by E. L. Kelley, 12 November 1884, 1-22, E. L. Kelley Papers, "Miscellany," RLDS Church Library-Archives, Independence, Missouri., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Lorenzo Saunders Interview]

145 years ago today - Nov 12, 1874 (Thursday)

Geo. Q. Cannon was arrested in Salt Lake City, on a charge of polygamy, and placed under $5,000 bonds.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

100 years ago today - Nov 11,1919

Apostle James E. Talmage attends Third Christian Citizenship Conference in Pittsburgh as delegate chosen by Utah's governor. Utah delegates are booed and hissed by 4,000 other delegates. Talmage hurriedly leaves after some delegates surround him and threaten to strip off his clothes in order to display his temple garments.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

165 years ago today - Nov 11, 1854 (Saturday)

Professor Orson Pratt discovered "a new and easy method of solution of the cubic and biquadratic equations."

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

10 years ago today - 11/10/2009

[Same-Sex Marriage]
LDS Church comes out in favor of anti-discrimination ordinances in Salt Lake City, Utah.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

10 years ago today - 11/10/2009

LDS Church comes out in favor of anti-discrimination ordinances in Salt Lake City, Utah.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

125 years ago today - Nov 10, 1894

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]
[Deseret] [Bishop Moody had been called to apologize for challenging Brother Western's vote at election because he was a polygamist living with his wives] [Conference] I taught them upon our status in relation to plural marriage. A man is not an adulterer because he lives with his plural wife. We must protect one another. Never betray a brother. All concluded to do right in the future ... Bro[ther] Grant spoke splendidly for an hour upon the Word of Wisdom and politics. There was much Republicanism in his Democracy.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Nov 10, 1894

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]
[Deseret] [Bishop Moody had been called to apologize for challenging Brother Western's vote at election because he was a polygamist living with his wives] [Conference] I taught them upon our status in relation to plural marriage. A man is not an adulterer because he lives with his plural wife. We must protect one another. Never betray a brother. All concluded to do right in the future ...

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

140 years ago today - Nov 10, 1879

I dreamed last night of seeing my Father. He was dressed in white robes. I was myself as were many others. I saw Thomas Bullock the [scribe?] and among other Persons I saw a Number of Gentiles who were our enemies in our midst and I thought they ought not to be with us. I have had a Number of Dreams Lately that seem to have some meaning to them.

I read the following in the Arizona Miner:

"Apostle Wilford Woodruff of the Latter Day Saints x x x recently unbosomed himself to the Mormon Church as follows:

"I will never dishonor my wives & children at the Demand of a Nation Steeped in Sin and ripe for the Damnation of Hell x x x. ..."

I glory in the Epistle & Testimony which I have bourn to all Nation and all the world from which that extract was made and God will hold up my testimony and the testimony of all the righteous. Though the heaven and Earth Pass away The Testimony of inspiration will not Pass away but will all be fulfilled as the Lord liveth.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

185 years ago today - 1834 November [10-20]

First issue of the Messenger and Advocate is published in Kirtland, Oliver Cowdery, editor, F. G. Williams & Co., publisher. Includes Oliver's letter to W. W. Phelps from Norton, Ohio, September 7, 1834, recounting translation of the Book of Mormon, angelic restoration of "the holy [Aaronic] priesthood" in the name of the Messiah; and Oliver's letter from Pontiac dated October 20, but referring to the company's arrival at Pontiac, November 8.

[Kenney, Scott, Saints Without Halos, "Mormon History 1830-1844," http://web.archive.org/web/20120805163534/saintswithouthalos.com/dirs/d_c.phtml]

190 years ago today - Nov 10, 1829

Masonry is referred to as a "secret combination" in the Palmyra Farmer

[Robert Hullinger - Joseph Smith's Response to Skepticism]

85 years ago today - Nov 9, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]
I went over to the Deseret Book Company and asked Brother Hooper, the Manager, what he thought would be a fair price to pay for a copyright of Brother Ivins' book 'Mormonism and Free Masonry.' He thought a thousand dollars would be about right. I told him I thought we ought to pay $2500.00. He said that would be a very liberal price. I explained to Ashby Snow that I thought we ought to buy the copyright and pay $2500.00 for it, and he said he thought that would be a very nice thing for Brother Ivins' widow and hoped we would do it.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

90 years ago today - Nov 9, 1929

[First Presidency Letter to President of the South African Mission]
We note what you say regarding the difficulties with which you are confronted pertaining to the colored race. You no doubt are aware of the position taken by the Church to the effect that the descendants of Ham are not considered as being entitled to the holy priesthood. This inhibition comes from the Lord and applies to very person whose veins are but slightly tainted with the blood of Cain, as well as to the full blooded negro. This inhibition on the race of Cain must remain unchanged until the Lord himself orders it otherwise. People whose veins are but slightly tainted with the blood of Cain must be classed as negroes for the reason that while they may distribute the taint in their blood among the white races by intercourse with them, it never can be eliminated while the curse placed on Cain stands unsatisfied. Those who join the Church and are obedient to the commandments, will certainly receive a far greater reward than they could obtain in any other way, eve though they ma not have the blessings of the priesthood conferred upon them ...

[First Presidency, Letter to Don Mack Dalton, President of the South African Mission, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

105 years ago today - Nov 9, 1914

[James E. Talmage]
Spent some time at the office of the First Presidency. During the afternoon attended a meeting of the First Presidency and certain invited members of the Deseret Sunday School Union Board. At this meeting I read aloud several chapters of the book, 'Jesus the Christ' now in process of preparation, the purpose being to ascertain whether the book would be properly suited for the lower or higher grades in the theological department. As was intended the work is being prepared for our people in general, and is not adapted for use as a text book for immature students. It was decided by the First Presidency that the work be completed of the same scope and plan as heretofore followed, and that the theological department of the Deseret Sunday School Union provide their own outline for the students of the first year's work in said department. In connection with the matter of the book it may be well to record here that since my beginning on the writing September 14th last, I have devoted every spare hour to that labor and have at present in written form though not all in revised condition, twenty chapters. According to present indications the work on the book will be interrupted through other appointments already made. The purpose is, however, to bring it to completion at the earliest possible time though with some relief from the intense pressure under which the writing has been heretofore done.

[James E. Talmage Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

120 years ago today - Nov 9, 1899

[Brigham Young Jr.]
This weather is too cold for me. I believe Pres[ident]. [Lorenzo] Snow ought to go to a warmer climate for the winter. His cold is a dangerous one I believe, but some warm atmosphere would bring him back to health.

[Brigham Young Jr. Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

135 years ago today - Nov 9, 1884

LDS political newspaper, the Salt Lake Herald reports that it was "a refreshing and pleasing sight to many" when Presiding Bishopric counselor John Q. Cannon assaulted a reporter for the anti-Mormon Salt Lake Tribune, then took out "a riding whip, and struck his victim a couple of times over the head. Then he knocked him down." A Mormon judge fines Cannon $15 for battering the reporter, described as "a diminutive individual, with a Hebraic cast of countenance."

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

130 years ago today - Nov 8, 1889

[Heber J. Grant]
This evening I went to Centerville on the train intending to spend the day there to morrow with [plural wife] Emily and the babies, but at the depot I was seen by Thos. Harris and I learned from Bro. Jno. Woolley that he is the worst person in Centerville to give our folks away to the Marshal and I therefore concluded that it would be better for me to change the location of the folks so I asked Bro Woolley to drive us to Woods Cross which he kindly did. I shall be glad when the day comes that I can repay some of the favors extended to me by my friends.

[The Diaries of Heber J. Grant, 1880-1945, Abridged, Digital Edition Salt Lake City, Utah, 2015]

175 years ago today - November 8, 1844. Friday.

[William Clayton]
...P.M. went to see Jane Hardman. She prefers me for a Saviour [husband] to anyone else, so she says.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

180 years ago today - Nov 8, 1839

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
I saw Mrs Woodruff in deep affliction in a dream at Montrose. I did not see Sarah Emma.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Wednesday, Nov 7, 1894

[Apostle John Henry Smith]
Salt Lake City

The internal interests are saved. The flag again floats for the American people. F[rank] J. Cannon is elected to Congress. My precinct has gone Republican. I am elected a delegate to the Constitutional Convention.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

135 years ago today - Nov 7, 1884

First anti-Salt Lake Tribune editorial appears in the Deseret News.

[Sherry Baker: Mormon Media History Timeline: 1827-2007, http://byustudies.byu.edu/showTitle.aspx?title=7984]

140 years ago today - Nov 07, 1879

The SS Arizona, a ship that carried more than 1,250 Latter-day Saints in nine crossings of the Atlantic, collides with a huge iceberg on its way from New York to Liverpool. Four Mormon missionaries are on board. The damage is extensive, but the ship makes it safely to a port in Newfoundland.

145 years ago today - Nov 7, 1874

[Mountain Meadows Massacre]
John Lee, a fugitive for fifteen years, is captured in a chicken coop near Panguitch, Utah. Soon thereafter, federal authorities arrest William Dame.

[Linder, Douglas, The Mountain Meadows Massacre Trials, http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTRIALS/mountainmeadows/leechrono.html]

175 years ago today - Nov 7, 1844

Brigham Young (aged 43) marriage to Olive Grey Frost (1816-1845) (aged 28) plural widow of Joseph Smith, Jr. sealed to Joseph Smith, Jr. for eternity and Young for life

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

25 years ago today - Nov 6,1994

Apostle M. Russell Ballard tells 25,000 students at BYU that general authorities "will not lead you astray. We cannot." This claim of infallibility is officially published, and he repeats it to another BYU devotional meeting in Mar 1996.

[Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996, http://amzn.to/extensions-power]

40 years ago today - Nov 06, 1979

John W. Welch files articles of incorporation for the Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies (FARMS), a nonprofit organization established to support and publish original research into the Book of Mormon and other Latter-day Saint scriptures. FARMS later becomes part of BYU (1999).

110 years ago today - Nov 6, 1909; Saturday

[Apostle Anthony Ivins]
Bro Richards asked the brethren [of the Stake] to express themselves as to their preference for a stake presidency by writing on a slip of paper the names of the present presidency or any oth- ers as they might prefer.

[Anderson, Elizabeth Oberdick, editor, Cowboy Apostle: The Diaries of Anthony W. Ivins: 1875-1932, Signature Books, Salt Lake City in association with the Smith-Pettit Foundation (2013) - http://bit.ly/AnthonyIvins]

125 years ago today - Nov 6, 1894

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]
We selected 17 brethren to form a prayer circle. When we talked with bro[ther] John C. Delaware he could not forgive Jos[eph] F. Smith for his political speech. If the Territory goes Republican that speech will be the cause of it said he. He seems about the crankiest man I have met.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Nov 6, 1864

President Brigham Young; Delivered in the Bowery; November 6, 1864. After quoting D&C 107:53-55, President Young continues:

So, in like manner, every faithful son of God, becomes, as it were, Adam to the race that springs from his loins, when they are embraced in the covenants and blessings of the Holy Priesthood; and in the lapse of eternity, and in the progress of eternal lives, every true son of God becomes a king of kings, and a lord of lords, and it may also be said of him, as it was written of Jesus Christ, "Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end."

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:353-357; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in Quotations Dealing with the Relationship of Our First Earthy Parents to Our Heavenly Parents (1830-1978)]

160 years ago today - Nov 5, 1859

In the evening Pres. Young came in and alluded to the character of most of the gentiles, saying they are dogs, some are hounds, some are bull terriers, and every other variety but still they are dogs. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.; Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; New Mormon Studies CD-ROM as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

165 years ago today - Nov 5, 1854 (Afternoon)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... And if I was to come out and tell you in the name of Israel's God, if this people do not tithe themselves, and pay better attention to the law of tithing that the Lord God Almighty will smite the earth they occupy and smite them. And some will turn round and say I wish to scare them. I am utterly opposed to threatening any person with God Almighty, or hell fire. I always shun that path. Some of the brethren get up here; for instance when brother Hyde wants to accomplish anything on this earth, has to threaten them with God Almighty, and hell fire, if they do not do so, and so....

Now I tell you again, if I am not mistaken, if I un1erstand the mind and will of the Lord concerning this people, in the midst of these mountains, instead of your being afflicted, instead of our being afflicted with crickets, and with grasshoppers we will be afflicted with that that is a thousand times worse. ...

Stop I always do my swearing in the pulpit; if that man comes up and says I don't want to pay tithing on that, then what the devil have you with my time, I own you, I paid you a thousand dollars a year; he is my servant and slave just as much as those blacks are in the south. he is my slave and he has not a right to one minute of my time, only by my permission. I have a right to walk into his garden and take his increase. ...

[Leonard J. Arrington Papers, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.. (A reference reading LJA 12-55-5, 10, means LJA Series 12, Box 55, Folder 5, page 10.) 12-55-7, 14; Brigham Young Collection, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah as quoted from The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Nov 5, 1844

[Heber C. Kimball marriage]
Wife #12, Ellen Sanders (Aagaat Ysteinsdatter Bakka), 1823-1871; 5 children, including Rosalia Kimball (Williams Gordon Edwards) and Jedediah Heber.

[His diary for that day is charactistic of others who enter into plural marriage, with no explicit reference to the marriage: "5 To [on] the 5 I took steam boat fore Quincy in company with my wife, Elder Babbit and wife. Crost over to Mont Rose [Montrose, Iowa], and went bord of St. Croix."]

[Hatch, Charles M. and Compton, Todd M. editors, 'A Widow's Tale: 1884-1896 Diary of Helen Mar Kimball Whitney' p. 37]

185 years ago today - Nov 5, 1834

Wilford Woodruff: Ordained priest 5 November 1834.

[Cook, Lyndon W., The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants, Seventy's Mission Bookstore, Provo UT, 1985, http://amzn.to/RevelationsofJosephSmith]

85 years ago today - Nov 4, 1934

[Heber J. Grant]
I confess I cannot make up my mind to appoint the young son of Hyrum G. Smith to become our Presiding Patriarch. I think there is a great deal of comment among the people as to why we cannot decide on a man to fill this position. I have read again what the brethren of the Twelve say in their report on the matter, but my spirit is not free regarding Hyrum G. Smith's son. I really feel in my heart that he is not the right man. I am sure if he were that the Lord would give me the impression in his favor. The impression to me every time that I think of it is that he hardly fills the bill'in fact does not anywhere near do so'and when I ask myself the question, 'Shall I recommend him; we might just as well call him now as wait for the next conference,' the impression to me is, no.

The impression to choose Willard Smith, my son-in-law, so far as his great ability is concerned, his humility, his knowledge, his force of character, is yes, every time I think of it. But on the other hand I am perfectly willing to keep him where he is, because he is working for a great bank. ... and the fact that he is my son-in-law might handicap him if he were called to be the Presiding Patriarch.

Then I go to President Smith's family, and his grandson [i.e., Joseph F. Smith], the son of Hyrum M., is an outstanding young man, a splendid man, very much like his father, the same forceful character as his grandfather, inclined to be a little harsh in his talk sometimes ...

I do feel almost impressed that when you come home next time we must come to a decision about the Presiding Patriarch, the three of us, and tell the quorum of the Twelve what to do. If we finally decide, after prayer and fasting, to appoint Hyrum G. Smith's boy, it will be all well and good, but if not, and we do not decide on someone else instead, in that case I am going to wait until another conference.

[Heber J. Grant, Letter to J. Reuben Clark, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

115 years ago today - Nov 4, 1904; Friday

Referring to yours of the 1st inst., recommending Sister Harriet B. Rowberry for second

anointing, we would say that a woman cannot receive those blessings except in connection with her husband; and a man so indifferent to the ordinances of the House of the Lord as to neglect doing his own temple work in his lifetime, although, as you say, he might have done so had he been so inclined, can scarcely be considered worthy of second anointing and we do not see how you can consistently recommend him to receive those blessings.

For these reasons we have withheld your endorsement from the recommend sent by you in favor of Sister Rowberry.

[Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund to Thomas R. Bassett, LDS Archives]

120 years ago today - Nov 4, 1899

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
I confessed to [a friend] that I felt that I had been neglectful of my duty as an apostle in the past and had devoted too much time to business affairs. I had deceived myself into feeling that I was doing my full duty because I attended as many if not more meetings in the different wards and stakes of Zion than any of the other members of my Quorum, except Francis M. Lyman. I explained that when I was chosen to be an apostle seventeen years ago to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Orson Pratt that I had not been impressed with the great labors which Brother Pratt had accomplished. He had died leaving his family destitute.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

160 years ago today - Nov 4, 1859 (Council Meeting)

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... The spirit world will be just as natural to us when we are there as this world is to us. If you grieve the spirit of a man it operates upon the body, and thus sickness and emaciation is produced. ... Our religion makes the whole world our enemies, but the time has come as the Savior observed, '"Let him who hath no sword sell his coat and buy one.'" and if we had not been able to help ourselves we should have been over-run with the enemies of this work. I told the mob that I was not as good a man as Joseph Smith and I would send to hell cross lots anyone that would attempt my life. I expect to see the time that the nations will have to come to me to get succor, for they will be in trouble. I had a dream I saw a mob, and I told them my bones ached to use them up, and that I would not have a thread of them. -- Salt Lake City

[Brigham Young Office Journals, Special Collections, Merrill-Cazier Library, Utah State University, Logan.; Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; New Mormon Studies CD-ROM -- quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

175 years ago today - Nov 4, 1844

[Hosea Stout (four months after presidential candidate Joseph Smith's murder)]
Nov 4 M. Today was the Presidential election and the brethren all concluded to vote for Polk and Dallas for President and Vice President of the United States however, it was with peculiar feelings that I went to the polls. I thought of the man whom we had elected as the man of our choice for president of the United States: our Beloved Prophet Joseph Smith whose voice seemed yet to sound in the air, teaching this nation the way they might be saved and the means to pursue to avoid a disunion and overthrow of our Government. ...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

110 years ago today - Nov 3, 1909; Wednesday

A letter was read from President Thomas E. McKay of the Swiss and German Mission, in which he speaks of the persecution and banishment of six elders from Berlin [Germany]. ...

Letters were read from Elders C. Fred Wilcox and Joseph Kuntz, missionaries in Switzerland, addressed to Elder James E. Talmage, in which reference is made to a probable opportunity of introducing the gospel into Russia. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

110 years ago today - Nov 3, 1909

[Apostle George Albert Smith]
- left SLC for St. George to rest, and "I remained in bed until about the 1st of May when I had my clothes brought to me and dressed for the first time in over five months. ...I had two or three bad sinking spells and was so weak at times that the exertion of arranging my bed clothes would cause a nervous chill." -returned to SLC ca May 8th, 1910

[Journals of George Albert Smith]

120 years ago today - Nov 3, 1899; Friday

President Lorenzo Snow was at the office, where he met a Mr. Smith, a correspondent of the Cincinnati Times ... President Snow told the gentleman that the Church had nothing whatever to do with the election of [B. H.] Roberts; and he also told him that the Church had ceased to solemnize plural marriages, that none had been performed by the Church, or with its sanction, since he became its President, and would not be.

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

135 years ago today - Nov 3, 1884 (Monday)

In the Third District Court (Judge Zane), Rudger Clawson was sentenced to four years' imprisonment and $800 fine for polygamy and unlawful cohabitation. The case was appealed, but bail was refused and Clawson taken to the Penitentiary. [Clawson would later be called to the Quorum of Twelve and later the First Presidency.]

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

15 years ago today - Nov 2, 2004

[Same-sex Marriage]
Utah Voters approve Amendment 3 to the Utah Constitution. The amendment states that marriage consists of only the legal union between a man and a woman.

[Herald Extra, "LDS Church: No gay marriages in meetinghouses", http://www.heraldextra.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/lds-church-no-gay-marriages-in-meetinghouses/article_9115817b-5e81-5e2f-b1e7-692843870e5d.html]

80 years ago today - Nov 2, 1939

[President Heber J. Grant]
Any number of bankers, in fact all of them that I have met, spoke in the highest term of the talk I gave at Wilshire Ward against the ... 'Ham and Eggs' Amendment to the Constitution of California, which in my judgment is one of the most damnable things ever conceived in the brain of man. It sets up a dictator and puts men in office whose reputation is anything but savory and perpetuates them in office. It also establishes a bank with men to run it who are not bankers and other things that I do not care to bother to refer to. Presonally (sic), I almost feel that any Latter-day Saint who would vote for such a measure is not fit to be a member of the Church. It is contrary to all the teachings of the Church. I decided to send a copy of my talk in the Wilshire Ward to every Bishop in the State of California and to all of the Branch Presidents in the Mission, and also a letter to every Stake President in California. I signed one day in the neighborhood of one hundred fifty letters. I had three people at the mission headquarters writing letters, enclosing them in envelopes and handing the letters to me to sign ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

120 years ago today - Nov 2, 1899; Thursday

President Snow inquired why prayer circles had ceased with the Council. No reason was assigned for their discontinuance, except that it had become inconvenient for President [Wilford] Woodruff to clothe, and the custom had gradually been laid aside. President Snow thought that the Council should resume its prayer circle, and it was the feeling of all present that this should be done. ...

It was now decided to resume the Council prayer circle on the first Thursday in December.

Brother John Henry Smith remarked that a man named Samuelson had approached him, saying that he had given some thought to the subject of the Godhead. It was represented in one place, in the Prophet Joseph [Smith]'s lecture on the subject, that the Father is a personage of spirit, and in another place that he has a body of flesh and bones, also the Son. The speaker thought it would be a good thing for young theological students if there could be a reconciliation of these two statements.

President Snow believed that the best thing to do with such matters was to let them alone. He thought it proper to make necessary explanations when it was wise to do so, but there were some things that could not be reconciled to man's present finite understanding. The President then referred to the subject of the Holy Ghost and invited the brethren who had definite ideas regarding it to express themselves. In confirming members of the Church, it was customary to say to them "Receive Ye the Holy Ghost". And yet we are told that the Holy Ghost rested upon Jesus in the form of a dove. Speaking of his own experience when confirmed, President Snow said that he felt a burning sensation running from his head to his feet, and he now asked the brethren if they thought that was a personage of spirit that was resting upon him.

Brother Lyman answered, "No, that it was the power and spirit of the Holy Ghost," and Brother Lund added that when a person received the Holy Ghost, it was its power that he received, even the spirit of light and truth. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Nov 2, 1889 (Saturday)

Truman O. Angell [Temple Architect] was arrested in Salt Lake City, for u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

30 years ago today - Nov 1, 1989

The announcement that full-time female missionaries will be only guides for traditional tours of Temple Square, Salt Lake City.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Nov 1, 1979-Thursday

[Leonard Arrington]
Peggy Fletcher, representing the Sunstone Foundation, has been planning the publication of a photographic history of the Church. People cooperating with her include [archivists] Jeff Johnson, Randy Dixon, and others. She asked me to write the introduction to the volume. I told her I would have to secure the approval of Brother [G. Homer] Durham. I asked him in our meeting this morning about it and he counseled me against it.

[Confessions of a Mormon historian : the diaries of Leonard J. Arrington, 1971-1997, Gary James Bergera, editor, Signature Books, 2018]

175 years ago today - Nov 1, 1844

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
I had a peculiar dream last night one that is unutterable & Cannot be written for I cannot comprehend it all myself. I was called to hold the keys of the kingdom of God in all the world with the quorum of the Twelve & traveld with them over much of the world, & finally traveld through many countries alone & when I got through I saw many things I cannot write but in the end Br Joseph Smith Assisted me to come into the place whare he was and Pointed out my work, portion, & labour. I immediately entered into the duties assigned me.

I also had another dream. Was in the Presence of Br Joseph Smith. Was conversing about his death. Told him I felt bad about it & If I had known he would have been taken away so soon I should have conversed more with him & asked him more questions. Said it was not his fault that I did not. Speaking of my work & duties said I had better get a dozen to help me.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

165 years ago today - Oct 31, 1854

Public reading of written revelation to Brigham Young "directing him to sell the Church property here and move south with the Church." Text unavailable.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

90 years ago today - Oct 31, 1929

[President Heber J. Grant]
Dr. Fred Clawson called and asked permission to give a recommend to John A. Groesbeck and his wife to witness the marriage of their daughter. I told him I would give him an answer later in the day. John is a full-tithe-pager and has been for years, but on account of the use of tobacco has never had a recommend to the temple. I think he is a man of absolute honesty and integrity, and personally I have no objection to his witnessing the marriage of his daughter in the temple. [Note: later he, David O. McKay, George F. Richards, and Stephen L. Richards approve the action.]

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - 31st [Oct 1844]

[Letter from Govr. Thos. Ford to Lieut Genl Brigham Young State of Illinois]
... To Lieutenant- General Brigham Young of the Nauvoo Legion

Sir

It may be probable that there may be further disturbances in Hancock County by those apposed to the prosecutions against the murderers of Joseph and Hyrum Smith. They may combine together in arms to subvert justice and prevent those prosecutions from going on. They may also attack or resist the civil authorities of the State in that county and they may attack some of the settlements or people there with violence.

The sherriff of the county may want a military force to guard the court and protect it or its officers or the jurors thereof or the witnesses attending court from the violence of a mob.

In all these cases you are hereby ordered and directed to hold in readiness a sufficient force under your command of the Nauvoo Legion to act under the direction of the said sherriff for the purposes aforesaid; and also to suppress mobs which may be collected in said county to injure the persons or property of any of the citizens.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of state the day and year first herein above written. Thos Ford, Governor & Commander-in-Chief.

[Brigham Young Journal # 4 in the handwriting of: William Clayton, Evan Greene, John D. Lee, Willard Richards. First person account kept by others. 'Lieut. Genl Brigham Young's Journal 1844']

175 years ago today - Oct 31, 1844

Brigham Young (aged 43) marriage to Susanne Snively (1815-1892) (aged 29) her first marriage

[Wikipedia, List of Brigham Young's Wives, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Brigham_Young%27s_wives]

115 years ago today - Oct 30, 1904

[Thomas A. Clawson Diary]
"Came home with Bro Hamilton G. Park and he told me a little incident in his life when he was with Heber C Kimball which gave the key to Henry Lawrence's apostasy. It began by his taking advantage of the people and charging them outrageojs prices for goods making as high a [as] 15 hundred per cent. Heber C Kimball told him what he was doing and that if he did not repent in sack cloth and ashes that he would lose the spirit--apostatize and go to hell. All of which came true."

[Diary Excerpts of Thomas A. Clawson, Signature Books Library, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 30, 1889 (Wednesday)

In the Third District Court, Salt Lake City, William C. Dunbar was refused citizenship because he believed in polygamy. Elder Dunbar had lost his citizen's papers, which he obtained many years before.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

155 years ago today - Oct 30, 1864

[Brigham Young Sermon]
Some may think the brethren and sisters are backsliding and growing cold, when they do not attend meeting. It may sometimes be just as good and profitable to stay at home as to come to meeting. ... And many who do not attend to the worship of God here may be just as fervent, and humble in their spirits, and trying to live as uprightly before God at home as those who attend religious meetings. I do not think the people are forgetful of God and of their obligations to him because they tarry at home. ... I do not believe that those who stay at home are, in many instances, any worse than those who come to meetings, nor that those who come to meeting are particularly better than those who stay at home...

When any man lifts himself up in his philosophy, and wonders why we do not talk about this, and that, and the other thing that we do not wish to talk about, what does he know of the results that would follow from communicating principles to this people which they are not prepared to receive? I do not know that it would not be as Joseph once remarked:'" Said he, '"If I were to tell the people what I knew of the kingdom of God, there is not a man nor woman that would stay with me.'" Said I, '"Do not reveal anything to me then, I do not wish to apostatize.'" If the Lord were to reveal many things to this people now, which will be made known in the future, they could not abide them,'"they have not capacity at the present to receive them....

[Journal of Discourses. Liverpool, England, 1853-86. 10:349-352; Deseret News. Also Deseret Evening News, Deseret News Weekly, Deseret News Semi- Weekly, and Deseret News Extra, Salt Lake City as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]

40 years ago today - Oct 29, 1979

The first two converts of eastern Africa were baptized in Kenya.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

55 years ago today - Oct 29, 1964

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson speaks in the Salt Lake Tabernacle.

90 years ago today - Oct 29, 1929

The New York Stock Market collapsed in frantic trading, a dramatic beginning of the Great Depression.

[Church News: Historical Chronology of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, http://www.ldschurchnewsarchive.com/articles/58765/Historical-chronology-of-The-Church-of-Jesus-Christ-of-Latter-day-Saints.html]

95 years ago today - Oct 29, 1924

[George F. Richards]
M. D. Wells went through the Temple to-day with his son. Bro. Jos. F. Smith Jr. & I spoke to him and told him we thought he better not come any more without first speaking to us and let us speak to the President to learn his attitude. He is one who took a plural wife contrary to direct instructions given him by Pres. Jos. F. Smith and by a Patriarch who had no authority and who was later excommunicated.

[George F. Richards Diary, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

130 years ago today - Oct 29, 1889

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
Our people came here and opened up the country and I hope and pray that they will always lead in every thing. I shall work to this end to the best of my ability.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Oct 29, 1864

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
I attended a trial of Elijah Steers for Lying in the House of the Lord. He was mostly excused through ignorance.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

180 years ago today - Oct 29, 1839-4 Mar. 1840

[Joseph Smith]
Travels to Washington, D.C., to present to Congress the redress petitions for the Missouri grievances of the Saints. His visits with both President Martin Van Buren (29 Nov. 1839) and members of Congress prove fruitless.

[Highlights in the Prophet's Life, Ensign, June 1994]

190 years ago today - 1829 Oct 28

Palmyra Reflector: "Knipperdolings"

[Anabaptist Bernhard Knipperdolling taught that the righteous before the day of Judgment, [each person would] have a monarchy on earth and the wicked be destroyed, that men are not justified by their faith in Christ; that there is no original sin; that infants ought not to be baptized, and that immersion is the only mode of baptism; that every one has the authority to preach and administer the sacraments; that men are not obliged to pay respect to magistrates; that all things ought to be in common, and that it is lawful to marry many wives.]

[https://docs.google.com/document/d/10ttN3vOzf2UcVhruCrvDf9pF27T0o0PP0Xj1X98tKBc/edit?fbclid=IwAR3HXLgL-X-M_c5LT2W-_F7AYqsqqaQ0yIhfNuyeFsX85irSPuEO6_Q993A]

45 years ago today - Oct 28, 1974

Missionary companions Gary S. Darley and Mark F. Fischer are murdered in Texas by an LDS convert who had returned to his Pentecostal church. In its most sensational coverage ever, the Church News reports that the "body parts" of the missionaries are discovered on 11/13 and that the murderer is sentenced to death in 1975 for killing the missionaries and "cutting up their bodies with a saw." In 1977, murderer successfully appeals his conviction due to an illegal search, but remains in prison on other charges until his parole in 1988.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

160 years ago today - Oct 28, 1859

[Hosea Stout on the first execution in Utah]
To day the melancholly duty to hang Thos H. Furguson for the murder of A. Carpenter. He was taken to the gallows about eleven a. m and about one p. m. hanged. There was not many spectators present. He had no confession[.] But he reflected very hard on Judge Sinclair for not giving him a fair trial.but said he had been treated well by every one else in Utah only blaming the Gov for not commuting his sentence to imprisonment for life.

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

10 years ago today - 10/27/2009

An article in the New York Times says that BYU students as well as at least one Mormon volunteer who heard at church about the campaign are working to repeal marriage equality measures in Maine. Schubert Flint was hired to run the Maine campaign in June, 2009 and many of the ads they are using in Maine are the same ones that were used in California.

[Mormons for Marriage: A Prop 8 Timeline, http://mormonsformarriage.com/?page_id=68]

115 years ago today - Oct 27, 1904; Thursday

[First Presidency & Quorum of Twelve]
A letter was read from Elder B. H. Roberts, stating in effect that a young man named Richardson, of Manchester, England, had written, wondering if it were possible for him, while in England, to receive a patriarchal blessing by furnishing the Patriarch here the necessary genealogical data respecting himself. Taking it for granted that this could not consistently be done, Brother Roberts suggested the advisability of Patriarchs being sent abroad for the purpose of giving blessings. ...

[First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve minutes]

130 years ago today - Oct 27, 1889

Woodruff's attitude toward the law prohibiting polygamy, printed in the Salt Lake Herald, "We mean to obey it. We have not thought of evading or ignoring it. We recognize the laws as binding upon us." He repeated that he had not sanctioned any marriages since becoming president.

[Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

150 years ago today - Oct 27, 1869

Brigham Young preaches at Lehi, Utah that "by marriage Lot's two daughters were sealed to him, and will be his to all eternity." Young adds that it might one day become necessary to seals a man's daughter to him as a wife, "but it is not likely ever again to occur." There are verified instances of LDS leaders performing polygamous marriages between men and their foster-daughters or step-daughters, but not actual daughters.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

160 years ago today - Oct 27, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
... My family Came around me to see me die. I gave each of them a word of Council and instruction But could say but little. I sent for Wilford who was in the field. He Came. I said a few words to him. Among other things I exhorted him strongly to always treat all dumb animals in his Charge kindly. He said he would try to.

John L Smith was with me in the morning. I gave him a word of Council Concerning my History & Journals in case I should die. I also Conversed with J C. Little the sexton and A. O. Smoot the mayor, Concerning the place of my burial, and my family burial ground....

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Oct 27, 1844. Sunday.

[William Clayton]
Brother Parker has been prying into the secret designs of the mob. He has professed to be an apostate and by that means got into their secret councils. He was told by the mob that all their plans to overthrow the church has completely failed, but they had one plan in view which they felt satisfied would accomplish the purpose and that plan was to obtain our sacred records and destroy them and also obtain testimony from them to our overthrow. They gave him to understand that this was to be accomplished by the means of a man in our midst who had free access to the records and who had agreed to put them in possession of them. They finally told Brother Parker that the man who was to do this was W. W. Phelps and Parker was told by several that Phelps was the man on whom they depended to get the records. I went over to Dr. Richards and found that all the records were safe in his hands. There was also considerable fears entertained that Brother [Reynolds] Cahoon is not true to us. A[lmon] Babbitt is suspected from good evidence of being treacherous and of conspiring with the mob to overthrow us.

[George D. Smith, An Intimate Chronicle; The Journals of William Clayton, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1995, http://amzn.to/william-clayton]

180 years ago today - Oct 27, 1839

Commerce, Illinois. The high council voted that Joseph Smith's wife, Emma Smith, select and publish an updated hymnbook for the Saints.

[BYU Studies Journal, volume 46, no. 4: A Chronology of the Life of Joseph Smith, http://byustudies.byu.edu]

115 years ago today - Oct 26, 1904

Apostle George Albert Smith instructs Salt Lake stake prayer circle: "Among some women the practice of removing the garments from the neck and arms and tying them behind the back was common. These were serious faults, and might result in the offenders being disfellowshipped."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

120 years ago today - Thursday, Oct 26, 1899

[Apostle Rudger Clawson]
Apostle J. H. Smith reported that he had been to Ogden to visit Pres. F. D. Richards and said that he was very seriously ill, being afflicted with nervous prostration. His mind also, he said, seemed to be failing. Apostle A. O. Woodruff made a similar report.

The clerk read a report showing the status of polygamy in Utah, as follows, to wit:

The number of polygamists in 1890—

2450

[2451]

The number of deaths since then—

750

The number removed from the U.S.

63

The number divorced

95

908

Leaving a balance of

1542

[1543]

37%—died, left, or divorced.

Apostle H. J. Grant said that he thought he could get managing control of the Salt Lake Herald, if it were thought advisable. As it is now, the paper is run on anti-Mormon principles, but might be used to favor the church. I moved that Apostle Grant be authorized to do what he could in the matter of securing control. Carried by unanimous vote.

The question of a presidency for the Cache Stake was introduced by Pres. Snow, and he asked the brethren how they felt about it. Apostle Lyman suggested the name of Chas. W. Nibley. ... Apostle A. H. Lund was in favor of a man who would have some influence with the Moses Thatcher faction. He did not think C. W. Nibley would be altogether the most suitable, he being a Republican in politics. Pres. Snow proposed the name of Apostle M. W. Merrill. Seconded and carried by unanimous vote....

[Stan Larson (editor), A Ministry of Meetings: The Apostolic diaries of Rudger Clawson, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1993, http://bit.ly/rudgerclawson]

150 years ago today - Oct 26, 1869

[Godbeits]
Our attention has been called of late to several articles which have appeared in the Utah Magazine, a weekly periodical, published in this city. An examination of them has convinced us that they are erroneous, opposed to the spirit of the Gospel, and calculated to do injury. According to the practice in the Church, teachers were sent to labour with the editor and publishers, to point out to them the evil results which would follow a persistence in the course they were pursuing. This did not have the desired effect, and they have since been tried before the High Council, and after a thorough and patient investigation of the case, it was found they had imbibed the spirit of apostacy to that degree that they could not any longer be fellowshipped, and they were cut off from the Church.

The Utah Magazine is a periodical that, in its spirit and teachings, is directly opposed to the work of God. Instead of building up Zion, and uniting the people, its teachings, if carried out, would destroy Zion, divide the people asunder, and drive the Holy Priesthood from the earth. Therefore we say to our brethren and sisters in every place, the Utah Magazine is not a periodical suitable for circulation among or perusal by them, and should not be sustained by Latter-day Saints.

We hope this will be sufficient, without ever having to refer to it again. Your Brethren, BRIGHAM YOUNG, WILFORD WOODRUFF, GEORGE A. SMITH, GEORGE Q. CANNON, DANIEL H. WELLS, JOSEPH F. SMITH. ORSON PRATT

[To President Charles C. Rich and David P. Kimball,To all Bishops; Deseret News, Oct. 26, 1869; MS 31:770 (November 24, 1869) as quoted in Clark, James R., Messages of the First Presidency (6 volumes)]

150 years ago today - Oct 26, 1869

Brigham Young writes to Thomas L. Kane in that the constitution of the State of Deseret had been amended so that "all male citizens of the United States over 21 years of age having residence of 6 months in this state (State of Deseret) shall be entitled to vote; the words 'free, white male,' having been struck out. The number of votes polled on this amendment was 14,000 for, and 30 against."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

165 years ago today - Oct 26, 1854

Bishop publishes notice in DESERET NEWS that Enoch M. King is disfellowshipped "for repeatedly refusing to conform to the rules of said Church, in the law of Tithing."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

45 years ago today - Oct 25, 1974

[Boyd K. Packer to First Presidency]
On several occasions I have expressed in our council meetings my concern for some projects being undertaken by the Church Historian's Office and some of those who have been engaged to work on the projects. May I state with emphasis, as I have in our meetings, that my concern does not deny in any way that these brethren are active members of the Church. It is a matter of orientation toward scholarly work - historian's work in particular ...

I have come to believe that it is the tendency for most members of the Church who spend a great deal of time in academic research to begin to judge the Church, its doctrine, organization, and history, by the principles of their own profession. Ofttimes this is done unwittingly, and some of it perhaps is wholesome. However, it is an easy thing for a man with extensive academic training to consider the Church with the principles he has been taught in his professional training as his measuring standard.

In my mind it ought to be the other way around. A member of the Church ought always, particularly if he is pursuing extended academic studies, to judge the professions of men against the revealed word of the Lord. ...

We have evidently authorized a series of publications in order to make available to all members of the Church much information that is in the Archives and in the Historical Department. ... these publications will be of interest to other historians and perhaps serve them well, but at once may have a negative affect upon many. ... I have seen how such published information has disturbed young students in the Church.

[Several exexamples are presented from recent or forthcoming publicatons, including a lawsuit by the decendants of Brigham Young against the church, Brigham Young encouraging his son to restrict tabacco use, and the morphine addiction of Phineas Howe Young] ...

And again the question, why should the Church publish that?

I agree with President Stephen L.[sic] Richards who once stated.

"If a man of history has secured over the years a high place in the esteem of his countrymen and fellow men and has become imbedded in their affections, it has seemingly become a pleasing pastime for researchers and scholars to delve into the past of such a man, discover, if may be, some of his weaknesses, and then write a book exposing hitherto unpublished alleged factual findings, all of which tends to rob the historic character of the idealistic esteem and veneration in which he may have been held through the years.

"This 'debunking," we are told, is in the interest of realism, that the facts should be known. If an historic character has made a great contribution to country and society, and if his name and his deeds have been used over the generations to foster high ideals of character and service, what good is to be accomplished by digging out of the past and exploiting weaknesses, which perhaps a generous contemporary public forgave and subdued?"

[Brigham Young's divorce, refering to Brigham Young simply as "Brigham", Brigham as an "idler"]

... However, if I know scholars at all, it would be my opinion that this first book is something of a test. And if I am not mistaken and I think that I am not, if the things I have mentioned go unnoticed, it will be an invitation to put in print many other things from the Historian's Office. Such information will do precious little good and may do a great disservice to individuals both past and present.

I mentioned that I have raised this subject before. Each time the Historical Office has been discussed in our meetings, I have expressed my concern. ...

I have lived in academic circles, have observed the tendencies of highly "schooled" Church members; have seen how perversely such information as this is often used, and wonder if these projects ought to be carefully reviewed before they continue. ...

[Letter: Elder Packer to First Presidency]

125 years ago today - Oct 25, 1894

[Apostle Francis M. Lyman]
Political matters were talked over to some remarks of Bro[ther]s Jos[eph] F's. Brigham [Young Jr.] took exception. It developed that the Presidency desire that Utah shall enter the Union as a Republican state. There seemed among the brethren a strong democratic tendency or of indifference. Bro[ther] Brigham's idea was that nothing should be said upon politics in the Temple. Heber [J. Grant] wanted to go into the field for [Joseph L.] Rawlins against [Frank J.] Cannon.

[Excerpts of Apostle Francis M. Lyman Diaries, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

130 years ago today - Oct 25, 1889 (Friday)

At Blackfoot, Idaho, Thomas E. Ricks [founder of Ricks College] was convicted of u.c. [Unlawful Cohabitation, I.E. living with a polygamous wife]

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

150 years ago today - Oct 25, 1869

William S. Godbe, E. L. T. Harrison, and Eli B. Kelsey excommunicated for political and economic dissent and for spiritualism. [Godbe would go on to start new religious movement.]

[Kenney, Scott (editor), Wilford Woodruff's Journals 1833-1898, Chronology Signature Books, Midvale, Utah, http://bit.ly/wwjournal]

20 years ago today - Oct 24, 1999

President Gordon B. Hinckley breaks ground for the reconstruction of the Nauvoo Temple.

30 years ago today - Oct 24, 1989

Tonga's princess 'Elisiva Fusipala Vaha'i is baptized.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

40 years ago today - Oct 24, 1979

Spencer W. Kimball dedicates the Orson Hyde Memorial Gardens in Jerusalem.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

55 years ago today - Oct 24, 1964

An Australian judge comments that "it seems a particularly extraordinary way of bringing religion to the notice of the housewife," as he imposes criminal fines on two LDS missionaries for impersonating government inspectors in order to enter the home of potential investigators. From the mid-1950s to the 1980s there are published complaints in various parts of Australia that LDS missionaries force their way through partly opened doors and refuse to leave until the householder listens to a message about the LDS church.

[The Mormon Hierarchy - Extensions of Power by D. Michael Quinn, [New Mormon History database ( http://bit.ly/NMHdatabase )]]

125 years ago today - Oct 24, 1894

[Apostle Heber J. Grant]
... we listed to a political speech by B. H. Roberts of a hour and fifty minutes. I have never in my life heard a better talk than Roberts gave this evening. I think he is without any exception the best political speaker that I have ever listened to.

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

125 years ago today - Wed., Oct 24, 1894

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon]
The Presidents Woodruff and Smith both say they were willing for such a ceremony (sealing David to a wife) to occur, if done in Mexico, and Pres. Woodruff promised the Lord's blessing to follow such an act. Father said Uncle Angus could sound Annie on the matter, and I was willing to leave it in that way. [In all, ten general authorities marry post-Manifesto plural wives by permission of church president or his counselors during next ten years.]

[Abraham H. Cannon Journal Excerpts, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4; Quinn, D. Michael, The Mormon Hierarchy: Extensions of Power, Appendix 5, Selected Chronology of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1848-1996]

135 years ago today - Oct 24, 1884 (Friday)

Lydia Spencer, [Apostle] Rudger Clawson's alleged second wife, having been arrested, a new trial was commenced, and Lydia Spencer, who refused to testify, was sent to the Penitentiary.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

160 years ago today - Oct 24, 1859

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
I was still in great distress. Presidents H C. Kimball D. H. Wells & F. D. Richards & Samuel Richards Called and administered to me. H. C. Kimball was mouth. He promised me that I should live. In the afternoon President Brigham Young & Lorenzo Young Called to see me. President Young spoke about my hard labor, doing to much. Did not think I would ever Stop hard work unless I was shut up. I was vary sick and in great distress. President Young laid hands upon me and again promised me that I should be delivered and live, but it would be through Suffering.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

175 years ago today - Oct 24, 1844

[Hosea Stout]
... in relation to affairs at Carthage, the brethren who had gone there as before related having came home the evening before, heard a letter read from the Governor authorizing the Lieutenant General of the Legion to call out the Legion to protect the Court at Carthage and suppress all mobs which might rise in Hancock County, if necessary.

At the time the mob was gathering at Carthage very fast with the express purpose of depriving the brethren from having the benefits of a fair trial and also to deprive the grand jury from hearing those who had assassinated Brothers Joseph and Hyrum Smith; for they had sworn that they would murder any one who dared to appear against them ...

It was decided by the Council that the [Nauvoo] Legion be put in immediate readiness for actual service and I was ordered to call out my Regiment forthwith which I did and at 4 oclock P. M. ....

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

50 years ago today - Oct 23, 1969

President [N. Eldon] Tanner mentioned proposed changes in the dialogue in the temple rituals, some of which he said had been implemented and some will be implemented on the tape and film that are being prepared. He said that some of these are intended to save repetition and others to clarify the statements made. He said the changes proposed were minor, and mentioned one or two changes as an illustration of what it is proposed to do.

President Tanner said that a few of these suggested changes had been presented to President McKay some time ago by Elder ElRay L. Christiansen and had received his approval.

Elder [Harold B.] Lee said that we must assume that all that has been done is under the inspiration of the Almighty to the Presidency and the Twelve, which is the legislative body of the Church. He said, "If you will tell us that you have that inspiration and you now bring that for our approval, I will have no question, but when you sit down to make changes in some things that we have had for a whole century, I have some reservations."

The brethren discussed at some length the various parts of the ceremony and proposed changes, but there was some opposition expressed to the proposal to make changes at this time, especially without reading carefully and discussing the proposed changes.

Elder [Marion G.] Romney said he had confidence in the President, and that everything he says he would sustain. He also had great confidence in President Tanner and the other brethren, and was willing to rest on their judgment, but he did not want to pass on anything without knowing what it is. He said he was willing to leave it to the committee if it is thought that is what should be done, but if they wanted his opinion on it he had to know what it is, and wouldn't want to vote to pass this as long as there was one person in the Council who questioned it.

[David O. McKay diary, Oct. 23, 1969 as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

70 years ago today - Oct 23, 1949

President of the Brazilian Mission, Rulon S. Howells, meets with the elders. He announced that the only way the Church would grow in a certain city would be to separate the two blacks and whites, with a white branch using the chapel and the blacks meeting in a home of one of the members. They could be brought back together when the white branch was stronger and the idea of integrated meetings was more acceptable.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

135 years ago today - Thursday, Oct 23, 1884

[Apostle John Henry Smith]
Liverpool

Tonight Miss A. came to see me. She confessed that her Father had been guilty of incest with her when she was only twelve years old. She feels very bad. What is the world coming to, it seems to be one vast charnel house of sin and wickedness.

[Jean Bickmore White (editor), Church, State, and Politics: The Diaries of John Henry Smith, Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, Salt Lake City, 1990, http://bit.ly/johnhenrysmith]

140 years ago today - Oct 23, 1879

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
23 We drove our waggon and Camped at the well of the Oribes. We were soon Surrounded By about 20 Oribes Children from 3 to 18 years of age. All the unmarried girls from 10 years upwards had their hair done up on the side of the head like a pair of horns or large pair of Ears which gives them a strange appearance. This is a sign to the young men that they are ready to marry. ..

There was about to be a marriage in the village and all the men were gathered into the work Shops to spin Cotton warp for a pair of Blankets for the marriage Couple. They spun on spindles they held in their hands and rolled the spindle on their legs. They raised the Cotton themselves and when the Blanket is used the pair sleep under it the first night then laid it away as a sacred garment & never used again until the man dies. Then he is buried in it....

I saw one white Indian Called Albinos man vary white. There are some of this Clan in nearly all of the villages. They are milk white much whiter than Americans. Whether they are Blood of the Anicient Nephites or a freek of Nature I cannot say. They are not vary popular among the Indians. ...

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

155 years ago today - Oct 23, 1864

George Q. Cannon - A temple shall be reared in the Center Stake of Zion in the generation in which the the revelation was given. (cf. D&C 84 prediction of temple to be built in Zion, Missouri.)

[Journal of Discourses, vol. 10, p. 344 as referenced at the Instutite for Religious Research]

160 years ago today - Oct 23, 1859

Brigham Young said, Brethren, this Council has been called for the purpose of selecting a man to fill the vacancy in the Quorum of the Twelve, and the vacancy in the first presidency of the Seventies. ... The brethren can write their names The brethren can suggest names and the Clerk will write them and read them to us, or they can write their suggestions on paper and hand them to the Clerk. ... There are but few of the Twelve here whom I saw when receiving their charge at the time the Quorum was first organized in Kirtland. Jared Carter, at that time, objected to bro. Brigham said he was like an apple one half of which was sweet, the other half sour.' ...

O. Pratt[:] 'If office in the Priesthood is hereditary as we have instances of anciently, we might select Parley Jun to fill his fathers place.' E. Snow. 'The question arises /are offices/ in the Priesthood hereditary like the Patriarchal office....

Pres[iden]t. Y.[: ']Brethren, if you feel it would be just as right as not for me to nominate, I'll do so. Unanimous vote. I nominate Geo. Q. Cannon to fill the place vacancyin for one of the Twelve and Jacob Gates for one of the Presidency of Seventies.' Amen, responded by several. If you all feel that it is right for Jacob Gates George Q. Cannon to fill the vacancy in the Twelve /signify it by uplifted hand./ [U]nanimous vote. 'If you all feel that it is right for Jacob Gates to fill the vacancy in the Seventies, signify it by the same sign.['] Unanimous vote....

[Minutes, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

50 years ago today - Oct 22, 1969

The First Presidency has assigned to the Relief Society the exclusive distribution of authorized pattern garments.

[David O. McKay, Hugh B. Brown, and N. Eldon Tanner to General Authorities and Regional Representatives of the Twelve as quoted in Anderson, Devery; The Development of LDS Temple Worship, 1846-2000: A Documentary History, http://amzn.to/TempleWorship]

60 years ago today - Oct 22, 1959

[J. Reuben Clark]
Bishop Isaacson'Pres. Clark called Bishop Isaacson about the University Artists series, the opening and only event (except the oratorio Elijah) in the Tabernacle being the Negro singer, Marian Anderson. Bishop Isaacson said he would check into it. (On Friday, Bishop Isaacson reported that this had been cleared in July when neither he nor Pres. Clark had been at the meeting.).

[The Diaries of J. Reuben Clark, 1933-1961, Abridged, Digital Edition, Salt Lake City, Utah 2015]

115 years ago today - Oct 22, 1904

[First Presidency letter to John W. Taylor]
As you are aware, until within a few years ago, the custom prevailed in Canada, Arizona and Mexico for our young people residing in those countries to marry for time only on account of the inconvenience and expense attending a journey to a temple, and that in order to save this great expense, and to encourage marriages among our young people, President [Wilford] Woodruff and President [Lorenzo] Snow, each in his time, authorized some of the Apostles, and perhaps others, to perform sealings for time and eternity in behalf of young couples of those places, and that this authority has been exercised quite freely to the present time. The Council of First Presidency and Apostles have now deemed it expedient and wise to withdraw this authority form those brethren, leaving it solely in the hands of him who holds the keys thereof, and a resolution to this effect has been unanimously passed by the Council. We write you, in connection with all the other members of the Council not present when this action was taken, that you may be informed of the same, and with the request that you will, on receipt of this letter, strictly govern yourself accordingly. We may say also in this connection that there is no objection whatever to your performing the common marriage ceremony in behalf of any who may desire you to serve them in this respect; but in doing so all such couples should be given to understand that their marriage is simply a legal marriage for time only, performed under the laws of the land, and they should be urged to look forward to the time when the way shall be opened for them to come to a temple to be properly sealed and to have their children also sealed to them. [Note: A copy of this letter was sent also to George Teasdale on October 26, 1904.]

[Joseph F. Smith, John R. Winder, and Anthon H. Lund, Letter to John W. Taylor, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1910-1951, Privately Published, Salt Lake City, Utah 2010]

125 years ago today - Oct 22, 1894

Apostle Abraham H. Cannon records in his journal: "In the forenoon Prince Galatzin of the Russian Imperial Council of State, and Lieutenant General of the Russian army came into the News Office to purchase some books. I was asked in German, which language he speaks fluently, as well as French, where he could see Pres. Woodruff. He desired me to show him the office, which I did, and introduced him to the President and Father, with whom he had some conversation. He was accompanied by a local Catholic priest. To my astonishment he was given permission by Pres. Woodruff to visit the [dedicated Salt Lake] temple under my guidance, and both these gentlemen passed through the holy place, Bishop Winder going with us. They were much struck with the elegance of the place..."

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

140 years ago today - Oct 22, 1879 (Wednesday)

The murderers of Elder Joseph Standing were acquitted by the Circuit Court of Whitfield County, Georgia, after a short trial.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

140 years ago today - Oct 22, 1879

[Apostle Wilford Woodruff]
... When I arived at the well I found an + Ass or Donkey had walked down to the stone steps looking down into the water and Braying for some one to Come & water him. His Call was louder than any animal but an ass Could make. I took my bucket and Carried him several Buckets of water which he drank greedily and when He was Satisfied, He bowed his head as much as to say thank you sir and went off happy. We watered our team returned to the waggon & Camped. 25 M.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Oct 22, 1874 (Thursday)

The first number of the Utah Scandinav, an anti-Mormon weekly newspaper, was issued in Salt Lake City, in the Danish-Norwegian language. After about three years' run it ceased publication.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

175 years ago today - Oct 22, 1844

The "Great Disappointment" occurred when the return of Christ, predicted by William Miller, failed to happen once again. At least 100,000 disillusioned followers returned to their former churches or abandoned Christianity completely - but many went on establish what would become known as the Adventist Churches.

[Cline, Austin, History of American Religion: Timeline]

180 years ago today - Oct 22, 1839

[Brigham Young]
... The wind rose about one o'clock in the morning. I went upon deck and felt impressed in spirit to pray to the Father, in the name of Jesus, for a forgiveness of my sins, and then I felt to command the winds to cease, and let us go safe on our journey. The winds abated, and I felt to give the glory and honor and praise to that God who rules all things. ...

[Manuscript History of Brigham Young, 1801-1844, ed. Elden Jay Watson (Salt Lake City: Smith Secretarial Service, 1968).]

190 years ago today - Oct 22, 1829

[Joseph Smith to Oliver Cowdery]
Oliver Cowdery writes Joseph Smith about their "Gold Book business" and Josiah Stowell's plans to purchase $500 or $600 of their inventory. "[T]here begins to be a great call for our books in this country the minds of the people are very much excited when they find that there is a copy right obtained and that there is really [a] book, about to be printed[.]"

[Joseph Smith to Oliver Cowdery, 22 October 1829, Joseph Smith Letterbook, 1:9, Joseph Smith Papers, LDS Church Archives, Salt Lake City, Utah., as cited in Dan Vogel, Early Mormon Documents: Joseph Smith To Oliver Cowdery]

40 years ago today - Oct 21, 1979

Elizapan and Ebisiba Osaka and their children, the first African converts in Kenya, are baptized.

120 years ago today - Oct 21, 1899

Brother Samuel Thatcher, of Logan [Utah], called upon President Snow. He had recently married a woman who was not a member of the Church, and was living with her, notwithstanding that he had had a wife (since dead) sealed to him under the covenant of the priesthood. His Bishop (Brother Lewis) had refused to give him a transfer to another Ward, as being in full fellowship without the case being stated to the President of the Church. President Snow, after some conversation with Brother Thatcher, who signified his willingness to make amends, wrote to Bishop Lewis, asking him to permit Brother Thatcher to appear before the Ward priesthood meeting, confess his error, and ask to be forgiven. This done, and forgiveness granted, he would be entitled to the desired certificate.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Oct 21, 1889

[Apostle Abraham H. Cannon]
About 5 p.m. Bro. Jorgason of Sevier Co[unty] desired my counsel as to what course he should take. He was arrested two weeks since on a bench warrant on a charge of polygamy. His first wife died 18 months ago and he has since married his plural wife before a justice of the peace. I advised him to keep his wife out of the way until after his trial, and when his case came up, he should prove the death of his first wife and subsequent marriage to his second. The date of his union with the latter, however, in the house of the Lord, he should not reveal, as it has occurred within three years.

[Diary of Apostle Abraham H. Cannon, http://www.amazon.com/Apostles-Record-Journals-Abraham-1889-1896/dp/B000MFD1K4]

135 years ago today - Oct 21, 1884 (Tuesday)

The jury, which could not agree on a verdict in [future First Presidency member] Rudger Clawson's case, was discharged, and preparations were made for a new trial.

[Jenson, Andrew, Church Chronology]

145 years ago today - Oct 21, 1874

[Assistant First Presidency counselor] G[eorge] Q. Cannon was arested to day on a warrant for Lacivious Cohabitation. This was got up by the miserable wicked ring of Judges & Marshals who profess to be Executing the Law. It is done to keep him from Going to Congress.

[Wilford Woodruff's Journal: 1833-1898 Typescript, Volumes 1-9, Edited by Scott G. Kenney, Signature Books 1993, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

145 years ago today - Oct 21, 1874

Polygamist George Reynolds is approached by First Presidency Counselor George Q. Cannon and told he has been selected to be a test case on the legality of polygamy. Reynolds is arrested, charged, convicted and sentenced to one year in prison. On appeal his conviction is set aside on a technicality, Reynolds's case is re-tried. He is convicted in the re-trial and is sentenced to two years in prison.. His case goes to the U.S. Supreme Court where his conviction, and the legality of the anti-polygamy laws are upheld but the hard labor part of his sentence is overturned as being excessive. With time off for good conduct he serves one year and seven months in prison. In 1890, he is sustained as one of the First Seven Presidents of Seventies.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - Oct 21, 1844

Apostle Orson Hyde, then husband of three wives, writes: "I will now venture a prediction, that since Nauvoo has thrown off so much bile from its stomach [i.e., Sidney Rigdon] it will be more healthy, and less complaints about spiritual wives, adultery, bogus making, &c. &c." The letter is published two months later in a Mormon newspaper.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

175 years ago today - After Oct 21, 1844

Alice Felt Tyler describes William Miller's failed prediction of the end of the world:

' ... Preparations for the end were made by countless hundreds of joyous or desperate souls. White cloth was purchased and made into ascension robes. Nearly all secular business was neglected ... Voting was light ... Tents were put up outside cities ... and hundreds of people assembled on the night of October 21 [1844] to keep their vigil together. No provision was made for food ... the tension was intolerable ... There were several suicides, and as the dawn of October 23 served notice that "time continued" regardless of prophecy, some heart-broken Millennialists were led away insane. '

[Joseph Smith had denounced Miller's prophecies]

[Grunder, Rick, Mormon Parallels: A Bibliographic Source]

50 years ago today - Oct 20, 1969

While BYU's basketball team is playing University of Wyoming in Laramie, fourteen African-Americans are disqualified from Wyoming's team for wearing black armbands in protest of LDS church's priesthood restriction. Game continues despite objects thrown by spectators at playing floor and audience shouting accusations of racism against BYU's athletes. Wyoming defeats BYU by 33 points.

[On This Day in Mormon History, http://onthisdayinmormonhistory.blogspot.com]

85 years ago today - Oct 20, 1934

[President Heber J. Grant]
Joseph M. [?] Cannon called and said that a couple of editorials had been handed to him by the direction of the First Presidency.

I said, 'We have not sent any editorials over for you, Joseph.'

He said, 'I was told you did.'

I said, 'Who wrote them?'

He said, 'Joseph Fielding Smith wrote one of them.' Broyher (sic) Joseph Fielding Smith happened to come into the office at the time and he said Brother Bennion requested a couple of editorials from Brother Widtsoe and himself and that he wrote them.

Joseph Cannon doubted the wisdom of having Church editorials, as we rely on Gentile patronage, etc., and thought that everything of a Church nature should be in the Church Section.

We told him we did not think it would hurt our subscriptions if we had some good Church editorials.

He said of course anything we wanted he wanted. He stayed quite awhile.

I could not help feeling that perhaps he had heard we had decided to release him, but we did not tell him so. ...

[Diary of Heber J. Grant, http://amzn.to/newmormonstudies]

115 years ago today - Oct 20, 1904

A meeting of the First Presidency and Apostles was held this morning as usual. ... President [Joseph F.] Smith said that he had been reliably informed that some of our people were in the habit of sending their garments and, in some instances, their temple robes, to laundries to be washed; and that laundry employees had been known to dress themselves in temple clothing for the purpose of ridicule and making sport among other employees of the laundry. The Apostles were asked to take this matter up with the several Bishops of this city, Ogden [Utah] and other places where laundries operate, with a view to having our people instructed not to send their temple clothing to laundries, but have it washed at their own homes or by latter-day Saints. In this connection President Smith also related to the Council the efforts which had been made by the First Presidency to maintain a uniform pattern of the knitted garment, by furnishing samples of the approved garment to factories, and issuing what is known as the approval label, which label is attached by the manufacturer to all such garments; that since then other factories had come into existence, and the result is that garments are being hawked about by drummers, and sold over the counter in Gentile stores. He felt that such things should be corrected.

[Journal History, as quoted in Minutes of the Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1835-1951, Electronic Edition, 2015]

130 years ago today - Oct 20, 1889

President Woodruff says church not performing plural marriage.

The Salt Lake Tribune quoted President Woodruff as saying, "I have refused to give any recommendations for the performance of plural marriages since I have been President ... and have instructed that they should not be solemnized." Woodruff had only been sustained President for 6 months before making this statement. President Woodruff authorized the destruction of the Endowment House because the new temples could perform marriages and he needed those doing the demolition to become Mormon voters to vote against the anti-Mormon party in the upcoming city elections.

["Mormon Polygamy a History", Richard S. Van Wagoner, 1986, p. 138. as quoted in Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]

165 years ago today - Oct 20, 1854

... Twitch had taken possession of 4 of the horses selling two of them to Levi Abram a mean & contempible Jew who had put them in his stable & refused to deliver them up to Burton on demand Burton called on W[illiam] A. Hickman to assist to recover the horses which had to be done by force. A considerable altercation ensued. The Jew posted to the probate Judge complained that Hickman had drawn a knife also a club on him with intent as he said to take his life. ...

[Diaries of Hosea Stout]

170 years ago today - Oct 20, 1849

[Brigham Young Sermon]
... feel like going to bed more than going to meeting. .... I mean to monopolize the labor here. The Council House walls finished. I have monopolized all the good things of the earth for those who will work for us. I have the right to monopolize.

[Thomas Bullock Minutes, LJA; Thomas Bullock—LDS Church Reporter, 1844-56.C, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.; GCM, Archives, Church History Library, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah..; General Church Minutes. Selected Collections from the Archives of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints DVD 1 (2002) as quoted in The Complete Discourses of Brigham Young, Ed. Richard S. Van Wagoner, Smith-Pettit Foundation, Salt Lake City (2009), http://bit.ly/BY-discourses]