Rudger Clawson convicted
Rudger Clawson became the first polygamist to be tried under the Edmunds Law.
· Jury of twelve Gentiles. Note that, according to the census of 1880, there were 120,283 Mormons, 14,136 Gentiles, and 6,988 apostates in Utah.
· Lydia Spencer, Clawson's polygamous wife, refused to be sworn as a witness and was committed to the penitentiary.
· There was an ex post facto application of the law to his marriage performed before 1862.
· Rudger Clawson was sentenced to three years and six months in the penitentiary and was fined $500 on the first count, polygamy, and six months & $300 on the second count of unlawful cohabitation. (Larson, p. 109-110.). This was a very harsh punishment for this crime.
[Source: Tungate, Mel, Mormon Polygamy, http://www.tungate.com/polygamy.htm]